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Transformative Paleobotany

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Transformative Paleobotany

Transformative Paleobotany Book
Author : Michael Krings,Carla J. Harper,N. Ruben Cuneo,Gar W. Rothwell
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-07-14
ISBN : 012813013X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transformative Paleobotany: Papers to Commemorate the Life and Legacy of Thomas N. Taylor features the broadest possible spectrum of topics analyzing the structure, function and evolution of fossil plants, microorganisms, and organismal interactions in fossil ecosystems (e.g., plant paleobiography, paleoecology, early evolution of land plants, fossil fungi and microbial interactions with plants, systematics and phylogeny of major plant and fungal lineages, biostratigraphy, evolution of organismal interactions, ultrastructure, Antarctic paleobotany). The book includes the latest research from top scientists who have made transformative contributions. Sections are richly illustrated, well concepted, and characterize and summarize the most up-to-date understanding of this respective and important field of study. Features electronic supplements, such as photographs, diagrams, tables, flowcharts and links to other websites Includes in-depth illustrations with diagrams, flowcharts and photographic plates (many in color for enhanced utility), tables and graphs

Plant Development and Evolution

Plant Development and Evolution Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-04
ISBN : 0128098058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant Development and Evolution, the latest release in the Current Topics in Developmental Biology series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on the Evolution of the plant body plan, Lateral root development and its role in evolutionary adaptation, the Development of the vascular system, the Development of the shoot apical meristem and phyllotaxis, the Evolution of leaf diversity, the Evolution of regulatory networks in land plants, The role of programed cell death in plant development, the Development and evolution of inflorescence architecture, the Molecular regulation of flower development, the Pre-meiotic another development, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Current Topics in Developmental Biology series Updated release includes the latest information on Plant Development and Evolution

The Evolution and Fossil Record of Parasitism

The Evolution and Fossil Record of Parasitism Book
Author : Kenneth De Baets,John Warren Huntley
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-07
ISBN : 3030424847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume edited book highlights and reviews the potential of the fossil record to calibrate the origin and evolution of parasitism, and the techniques to understand the development of parasite-host associations and their relationships with environmental and ecological changes. The book deploys a broad and comprehensive approach, aimed at understanding the origins and developments of various parasite groups, in order to provide a wider evolutionary picture of parasitism as part of biodiversity. This is in contrast to most contributions by parasitologists in the literature that focus on circular lines of evidence, such as extrapolating from current host associations or distributions, to estimate constraints on the timing of the origin and evolution of various parasite groups. This approach is narrow and fails to provide the wider evolutionary picture of parasitism on, and as part of, biodiversity. Volume one focuses on identifying parasitism in the fossil record, and sheds light on the distribution and ecological importance of parasite-host interactions over time. In order to better understand the evolutionary history of parasites and their relationship with changes in the environment, emphasis is given to viruses, bacteria, protists and multicellular eukaryotes as parasites. Particular attention is given to fungi and metazoans such as bivalves, cnidarians, crustaceans, gastropods, helminths, insects, mites and ticks as parasites. Researchers, specifically evolutionary (paleo)biologists and parasitologists, interested in the evolutionary history of parasite-host interactions as well as students studying parasitism will find this book appealing.

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 0081029098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Biological Innovations that Built the World

Biological Innovations that Built the World Book
Author : Roberto Ligrone
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-29
ISBN : 3030160572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is a detailed account of major biological events that contributed to create the present world and our species, with emphasis on cause-effect interrelationships and environmental impact. Its main goal is to guide the reader toward an understanding of the continuity of life across diversity, and of its large-scale interactions with the planet. Combining scientific soundness with a constant effort for clarity, the book begins with a cloud of dust in a corner of the Galaxy and, covering an immense lapse of time, terminates with an organism that ponders about the texture of the Universe. Comprehensive, updated references added to each chapter will help the reader wishing to expand any of the topics. A glossary explains less common technical terms.

Nature through Time

Nature through Time Book
Author : Edoardo Martinetto,Emanuel Tschopp,Robert A. Gastaldo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-27
ISBN : 3030350584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book simulates a historical walk through nature, teaching readers about the biodiversity on Earth in various eras with a focus on past terrestrial environments. Geared towards a student audience, using simple terms and avoiding long complex explanations, the book discusses the plants and animals that lived on land, the evolution of natural systems, and how these biological systems changed over time in geological and paleontological contexts. With easy-to-understand and scientifically accurate and up-to-date information, readers will be guided through major biological events from the Earth's past. The topics in the book represent a broad paleoenvironmental spectrum of interests and educational modules, allowing for virtual visits to rich geological times. Eras and events that are discussed include, but are not limited to, the much varied Quaternary environments, the evolution of plants and animals during the Cenozoic, the rise of angiosperms, vertebrate evolution and ecosystems in the Mesozoic, the Permian mass extinction, the late Paleozoic glaciation, and the origin of the first trees and land plants in the Devonian-Ordovician. With state-of-the art expert scientific instruction on these topics and up-to-date and scientifically accurate illustrations, this book can serve as an international course for students, teachers, and other interested individuals.

PGPR Amelioration in Sustainable Agriculture

PGPR Amelioration in Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Amit Kishore Singh,Ajay Kumar,Pawan Kumar Singh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 0128160195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PGPR Amelioration in Sustainable Agriculture: Food Security and Environmental Management explores the growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) that are indigenous to soil and plant rhizosphere. These microorganisms have significant potential as important tools for sustainable agriculture. PGPR enhance the growth of root systems and often control certain plant pathogens. As PGPR amelioration is a fascinating subject, is multidisciplinary in nature, and concerns scientists involved in plant heath and plant protection, this book is an ideal resource that emphasizes the current trends of, and probable future of, PGPR developments. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects and may serve as baseline information for future research. This book will be useful to students, teachers and researchers, both in universities and research institutes, especially working in areas of agricultural microbiology, plant pathology and agronomy. Presents new concepts and current development in PGPR research and evaluates the implications for sustainable productivity Describes the role of multi-omics approaches in establishing an understanding of plant–microbe interactions that help plants optimize abiotic stresses Incorporates both theoretical and practical aspects, and will serve as a baseline for future research

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Shashank Mishra,Divjot Kour,Neelam Yadav,Anil Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-09
ISBN : 3030484742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbes are ubiquitous in nature. Among microbes, fungal communities play an important role in agriculture, the environment, and medicine. Vast fungal diversity has been found in plant systems. The fungi associated with any plant system are in the form of epiphytic, endophytic, and rhizospheric fungi. These associated fungi play important roles in plant growth, crop yield, and soil health. The rhizospheric fungi present in rhizospheric zones have a sufficient amount of nutrients released by plant root systems in the form of root exudates for growth, development, and activities of microbes. Endophytic fungi enter in host plants mainly through wounds that naturally occur as a result of plant growth, or develop through root hairs and at epidermal conjunctions. The phyllospheric fungi may survive or proliferate on leaves, depending on the extent of influences of material in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The diverse group of fungal communities is a key component of soil-plant systems, where they are engaged in an intense network of interactions in the rhizospheric, endophytic, and phyllospheric areas, and they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. These fungal communities help to promote plant growth directly or indirectly by mechanisms for plant growth-promoting (PGP) attributes. These PGP fungi can be used as biofertilizers, bioinoculants, and biocontrol agents in place of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in an environmentally and eco-friendly manner. This book covers the current knowledge of plant-associated fungi and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors. This book should be useful to scientists, researchers, and students of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology, and related subjects.

Past Antarctica

Past Antarctica Book
Author : Marc Oliva,Jesus Ruiz Fernandez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-04
ISBN : 0128179260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Past Antarctica: Paleoclimatology and Climate Change presents research on the past and present of Antarctica in reference to its current condition, including considerations for effects due to climate change. Experts in the field explore key topics, including environmental changes, human colonization and present environmental trends. Addressing a wide range of fields, including the biosphere, geology and biochemistry, the book offers geographers, climatologists and other Earth scientists a vital resource that is beneficial to an understanding of Antarctica, its history and conservation efforts. Synthesizes research on the past and present of Antarctica, bringing together top Earth scientists who work in this discipline Presents the most complete reconstruction of the paleoclimate and environment of Antarctica, tying in long-term climatic changes to the current environment Offers perspectives from different branches of the Earth Sciences using a spatial-temporal lens

Seed Endophytes

Seed Endophytes Book
Author : Satish Kumar Verma,James Francis White, Jr
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-05
ISBN : 3030105040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the importance and roles of seed microbiomes in sustainable agriculture by exploring the diversity of microbes vectored on and within seeds of both cultivated and non-cultivated plants. It provides essential insights into how seeds can be adapted to enhance microbiome vectoring, how damaged seed microbiomes can be assembled again and how seed microbiomes can be conserved. Plant seeds carry not only embryos and nutrients to fuel early seedling growth, but also microbes that modulate development, soil nutrient acquisition, and defense against pathogens and other stressors. Many of these microbes (bacteria and fungi) become endophytic, entering into the tissues of plants, and typically exist within plants without inducing negative effects. Although they have been reported in all plants examined to date, the extent to which plants rely on seed vectored microbiomes to enhance seedling competitiveness and survival is largely unappreciated. How microbes function to increase the fitness of seedlings is also little understood. The book is a unique and important resource for researchers and students in microbial ecology and biotechnology. Further, it appeals to applied academic and industrial agriculturists interested in increasing crop health and yield.

Fossil Record 6 Volume 1

Fossil Record 6 Volume 1 Book
Author : Spencer G. Lucas,Robert M. Sullivan
Publisher : New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fossil Record 6 Volume 1 book written by Spencer G. Lucas,Robert M. Sullivan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Vascular Plants and Paleobotany

Vascular Plants and Paleobotany Book
Author : Philip Stewart,Sabine Globig
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-12-15
ISBN : 1926692985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an important collection of new research that sheds light on many aspects of the evolutionary patterns of gymnosperms, angiosperms, and pteridophtes. The book includes a complete chloroplast genome sequence study and describes a method that induces the systemic silencing of target genes in the Ceratopteris gametophyte. It presents a study of how herbicide treatments reduce fern densities and create the establishment of regeneration. It also analyzes an EST dataset from G. biloba that reveals genes potentially unique to gymnosperms and includes a study of episodic rate acceleration in the ancestral grasses.

The Kinney Brick Quarry Lagerst tte Late Pennsylvanian of New Mexico

The Kinney Brick Quarry Lagerst  tte  Late Pennsylvanian of New Mexico Book
Author : Spencer G. Lucas,William A. DiMichele,Bruce D. Allen
Publisher : New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Kinney Brick Quarry Lagerst tte Late Pennsylvanian of New Mexico book written by Spencer G. Lucas,William A. DiMichele,Bruce D. Allen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Enhancing support of transformative research at the National Science Foundation

Enhancing support of transformative research at the National Science Foundation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 9781422324707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Enhancing support of transformative research at the National Science Foundation book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Coal Paleobotany

Coal Paleobotany Book
Author : Reinhardt Thiessen,George C Sprunk
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1941
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Coal Paleobotany book written by Reinhardt Thiessen,George C Sprunk, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America

Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America Book
Author : Marcela C. Pagano,Mónica A. Lugo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 3030152286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book shows the work done by researchers dedicated to the study of different mycorrhizas types, the fungal species associated and their distribution influenced by geographical and environmental factors among the different South American biogeographic regions. The exclusive biotic and abiotic characteristics delimit natural ecosystems with uniques biological communities, where mycorrhizologists have investigated plant symbioses in those ecosystems for decades, providing data from Venezuelan Great Savannah, Andes, Puna, Chaco, Caatinga, Monte, Atlantic Forest, Marginal Forest, Cerrado, Patagonia, Yungas, Rainforest, Andean-Patagonian Forests, and Antarctic section. In these environments, different mycorrhizal associations (arbuscular / ericoid / orchidoid / ectomycorrhizal / mycoheterotrophic) are present in herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees. Mycorrhizal associations were studied from different researching points of view (biodiversity, biological invasions, biotic / abiotic disturbances, altitudinal variations, seasonal changes, land uses). The aim of this Book is to compile research on mycorrhizal fungi and their associations in environments of South America, throughout the synthesis of information from natural and anthropogenic related environments. The book focuses in different bioregions of South America from tropical areas to the southern cone, and it will be useful to those who work on plant-fungal interactions in different vegetation types and in agricultural lands from South America and worldwide.

Paleobotany and the Evolution of Plants

Paleobotany and the Evolution of Plants Book
Author : Wilson N. Stewart,Wilson M. Stewart,Gar W. Rothwell
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1993-02-26
ISBN : 9780521382946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 1993 textbook describes and explains the origin and evolution of plants as revealed by the fossil record.

Paleobotany

Paleobotany Book
Author : Edith L. Taylor,Thomas N. Taylor,Michael Krings
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-01-21
ISBN : 9780080557830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides up-to-date coverage of fossil plants from Precambrian life to flowering plants, including fungi and algae. It begins with a discussion of geologic time, how organisms are preserved in the rock record, and how organisms are studied and interpreted and takes the student through all the relevant uses and interpretations of fossil plants. With new chapters on additional flowering plant families, paleoecology and the structure of ancient plant communities, fossil plants as proxy records for paleoclimate, new methodologies used in phylogenetic reconstruction and the addition of new fossil plant discoveries since 1993, this book provides the most comprehensive account of the geologic history and evolution of microbes, algae, fungi, and plants through time. * Major revision of a 1993 classic reference * Lavishly illustrated with 1,800 images and user friendly for use by paleobotanists, biologists, geologists and other related scientists * Includes an expanded glossary with an extensive up-to-date bibliography and a comprehensive index * Provides extensive coverage of fungi and other microbes, and major groups of land plants both living and extinct

Fundamentals of Palaeobotany

Fundamentals of Palaeobotany Book
Author : Sergei Meyen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400931514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There have been at least ten English-language textbooks of palaeobotany since D. H. Scott published the first edition of Studies inFossilBotany in 1900. Most have been written by scientists who were primarily botanists by training, and were aimed largely at a readership familiar with living plants. They tended to follow a general pattern of an introductory chapter on preservation of plants as fossils, followed by a systematic treatment, group by group. Only Seward in his Plant Life Through the Ages departed from this pattern in presenting a chronological sequence. In the present book, Meyen breaks with?is tradition. Although having a basically biological approach, he reaches out into all aspects of the history of plant life and the wider implication of its study. Only half of the present work deals sequentially with fossil plant groups, treated systematically. The remainder then explores those topics which most other textbooks have incidentally??e generally either ignored or have only mentioned rather problems of naming and classifying fragmentary plant fossils, their ecology; biogeography and palaeoclimatic significance and the contribution that?ey have made to the understanding of living plant morphology, and of the process of evolution.

Social Transformation In Modern India

Social Transformation In Modern India Book
Author : A. Kumar
Publisher : Sarup & Sons
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9788176252270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Second Half Of The 20Th Century Witnessed Increasingly Rapid Cultural Ferment And Social Transformation, As Access To Media And Communications. Profound Changes Many Of Which Should Improve The Economic And Social Development Of Asia Have Been Initiated By The Industrialization Of The Countries Of Pacific Asia, The Break-Up Of The Soviet Union, The Emergence Of More Democratic Governments, And The Moves Toward Peace In The Middle East. Yet Many Political Problems Remain To Be Solved.In Order To Bring Structural Transformation, Two Sets Of Forces Are Commonly Recognised External And Internal. Scholars, However, Differ About Their Relative Role. In Fact, The Stability And Change In The Indian Society Were Greatly Influenced By Both External And Internal Factors.And More And More Social Scientist Have Come To Hold This View Though It May Not Be 'Easy For Them To Isolate Their Effects Because Of Close Aspects Of Social Transformation And Change.