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Traffic Related Air Pollution

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Traffic related Air Pollution

Traffic related Air Pollution Book
Author : Health Effects Institute. Panel on the Health Effects of Traffic-Related Air Pollution
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Traffic related Air Pollution book written by Health Effects Institute. Panel on the Health Effects of Traffic-Related Air Pollution, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Traffic related Air Pollution

Traffic related Air Pollution Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Traffic related Air Pollution book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Traffic Related Air Pollution

Traffic Related Air Pollution Book
Author : Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-20
ISBN : 0128181230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Effects of Long term Exposure to Traffic related Air Pollution on Respiratory Cardiovascular Mortality in the Netherlands

Effects of Long term Exposure to Traffic related Air Pollution on Respiratory Cardiovascular Mortality in the Netherlands Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research Report 139 describes a study in the Netherlands using data from the ongoing Netherlands Cohort Study (NLCS) on diet and cancer. The study is one of the first to systematically assess longer term exposure and mortality in a well characterized European population; it followed a pilot study of 5000 adults randomly selected from the NLCS cohort conducted by the same team of investigators. For the current study, Dr. Bert Brunekreef and colleagues refined the methods of exposure assessment, included more traffic data, and extended the mortality analyses to the full NLCS cohort (~120,000 individuals) for a longer follow-up period.

Case Study

Case Study Book
Author : JinHee Kim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Case Study book written by JinHee Kim, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Internal Combustion Engines

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Internal Combustion Engines Book
Author : Sergey Demidov,Jacques Bonnet
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atmospheric pollution has been a major problem in human technological development and motor vehicles are one of the major sources of particulate matter pollution. This book investigates current models designed to predict air pollutant emissions and fuel consumption for road traffic and presents the outputs of statistical models developed to derive emission factors. Information on the use of Geographic Information Systems and traffic area air pollution monitoring stations is presented in order to comprehend the variations of traffic-related air pollution. Furthermore, this book reports the pros and cons of hydrogen-fuelled internal combustion engines, a study of the new technology to produce syngas from methane with a compression ignition engine. An overview of the characteristics of the factors influencing the thermal efficiency of spark ignition engines fuelled with hydrogen is given as well.

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Exposure in Urbanized Areas Book
Author : Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09
ISBN : 9781032012810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traffic-related pollutions, apart from the emissions from other anthropogenic sources, significantly decrease the air quality in cities. This is especially true in the case of the areas located in the vicinity of communication routes with high traffic intensity. In accordance with the epidemiological studies, the transport emissions affecting road users, both drivers and pedestrians, have a detrimental effect on health and may contribute to numerous serious illnesses. This work presents the characteristics of traffic-related pollution and the factors affecting its concentration in the air. The effects of exposure to traffic-related pollution on health are described as well. The transport emissions in Lublin, Poland, are discussed in detail. The results of previous studies on traffic-related environmental pollution are presented, including pollutant concentrations as well as exposures of drivers and pedestrians along one of the busiest roads. The studies account for different seasons and weather conditions. The methods of reducing traffic-related pollution and prospects for improving the urban air quality are described as well. This book is intended for academics, researchers, engineers and professionals involved in studies and assessment of the road transport impact on the environment.

The Effects of Traffic Related Air Pollution on Cognitive Functions and Behavior in Humans

The Effects of Traffic Related Air Pollution on Cognitive Functions and Behavior in Humans Book
Author : Samantha Kate Stone,石敏樂
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-01-26
ISBN : 9781361325391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation, "The Effects of Traffic-related Air Pollution on Cognitive Functions and Behavior in Humans: a Systematic Review" by Samantha Kate, Stone, 石敏樂, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Objective To investigate whether traffic pollutants have any effect on human cognitive functions and behavior by performing a systematic review on existing research studies. Methods Research articles were identified through four databases - CINAHL Plus, Academic Search Premier and MEDLINE via EBSCOhost and Pubmed using the online electronic resources of the libraries of the Hong Kong University. A total of 119 articles from Pubmed and 86 articles from EBSCOhost were identified, and 72 and 64 studies after limits were applied. The studies used a variety of measures to assess the effects of traffic-related air pollution and cognitive functions and behaviors in both children and adults. Results There were 19 articles in total in the systematic review - 13 on children (aged from 1- 17 years) and six on adults (aged from 26 - 83.5 years). Data were employed from nine different countries. Although there were some discrepancies in the results, there was evidence of the effects of traffic-related air pollution on the brain. Conclusions The causal relationship between traffic-related air pollution and cognitive decline cannot be clearly determined. The systematic review however, generated evidence to support the hypothesis that traffic-related air pollution may affect cognitive development in children, increase risks of behavioral disorders in both children and adults, and increase the rate of cognitive decline in older adults. As a result, this systematic review suggests that the research findings have important implications in the development of public health policy and practice. DOI: 10.5353/th_b5098854 Subjects: Human behavior Air - Pollution - Health aspects Cognition

Traffic related Air Pollution and Asthma in Economically Disadvantaged and High Traffic Density Neighborhoods in Los Angeles County California

Traffic related Air Pollution and Asthma in Economically Disadvantaged and High Traffic Density Neighborhoods in Los Angeles County  California Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Traffic related Air Pollution and Asthma in Economically Disadvantaged and High Traffic Density Neighborhoods in Los Angeles County California book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Systematic Review on the Adverse Effects of Traffic Related Air Pollution on Respiratory Health in Children

Systematic Review on the Adverse Effects of Traffic Related Air Pollution on Respiratory Health in Children Book
Author : Sau-Kei Angel Lam,林秀琪
Publisher : Open Dissertation Press
Release : 2017-01-26
ISBN : 9781361325179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation, "Systematic Review on the Adverse Effects of Traffic Related Air Pollution on Respiratory Health in Children" by Sau-kei, Angel, Lam, 林秀琪, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Objectives: To investigate the impacts of traffic related air pollution (TRAP) on children's respiratory health, and to investigate the policies and regulations implemented in other countries and the suggestions from the World Health Organization (WHO) to tackle this problem. Methods and Results: Using relevant keywords, 122 articles were acquired from PubMed and 15 were from MEDLINE via EBSCO host respectively. The articles were published between 1980 to 2013; all of which had examined the impacts of TRAP on children's respiratory health. After assessing inclusion and exclusion criteria, 9 articles were finally included in this systematic review. Differences in demographic characteristics were studied and compared to determine the association between TRAP exposure and respiratory health impacts on children aged between 1 and 18. Four cross-section surveys and five cohort studies were selected in this review. The association between TRAP exposure and differences in children's respiratory impacts were demonstrated in all studies. Multiple outcome measures were used to examine changes of children's respiratory health such as the decline in lung function, incidences of asthma and inflammatory responses. There were 4 out of 9 articles suggesting the decline in lung function was related to TRAP exposure; 5 out of 9 articles showed the relationships between incidences of asthma and inflammatory responses and TRAP exposure and 2 articles mentioned other respiratory symptoms; notably, wheezing and sneezing, runny and stuffed nose. This review finally summarized the results of selected articles stressing that children who lived close to roadway within a 500 meter radius from home, with an early exposure to air pollution in the first year of age and a frequent exposure to heavy road traffic and outdoor air pollutants would experience greater impacts on respiratory health. Conclusion: The positive association between the impacts on children's respiratory health and TRAP exposure has been determined through this systematic review. Stricter emission control strategies and updated guidelines are required to regulate traffic emission and improve air quality in order to reduce harm and provide a better living environment for our next generations. DOI: 10.5353/th_b5098637 Subjects: Air - Pollution - Health aspects Children - Health and hygiene Respiratory organs - Diseases

Health Effects of Traffic related Air Pollution and Physical Activity

Health Effects of Traffic related Air Pollution and Physical Activity Book
Author : Nadine Janet Kubesch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Health Effects of Traffic related Air Pollution and Physical Activity book written by Nadine Janet Kubesch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Traffic Related Air Pollution Exposure Assessment and Respiratory Health Effects

Traffic Related Air Pollution  Exposure Assessment and Respiratory Health Effects Book
Author : Bénédicte Jacquemin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Traffic Related Air Pollution Exposure Assessment and Respiratory Health Effects book written by Bénédicte Jacquemin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Impact of Traffic Related Air Pollution in Northern Ireland

The Impact of Traffic Related Air Pollution in Northern Ireland Book
Author : Danielle Magowan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Impact of Traffic Related Air Pollution in Northern Ireland book written by Danielle Magowan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Exposure to Traffic related Air Pollution and Perinatal Health

Exposure to Traffic related Air Pollution and Perinatal Health Book
Author : Jason Curran
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Exposure to Traffic related Air Pollution and Perinatal Health book written by Jason Curran, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Internal Combustion Engines

Traffic Related Air Pollution and Internal Combustion Engines Book
Author : Sergey Demidov
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9781612098869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Traffic Related Air Pollution and Internal Combustion Engines book written by Sergey Demidov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Traffic related PM2 5 Air Pollution and Schools in Proximity to Major Roadways in Shanghai China

Traffic related PM2 5 Air Pollution and Schools in Proximity to Major Roadways in Shanghai  China Book
Author : Yougeng Lu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution is a major issue around the world, which affects not only climate change but also people's health. Shanghai has the one of the most serious air pollution problems in the world. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is to be blamed for the main component contributing to the serious smoggy weather in recent years. Research has shown vehicle emissions are the main source of PM2.5 emissions in Shanghai. Children are vulnerable to PM2.5 air pollution because of their undeveloped immune system and lung function. Traffic-related air pollution levels are higher while they are in school, and the location of schools close to roadways with heavy traffic. Therefore, this study aims to explore PM2.5 air pollution problems caused by transportation and the location of schools in proximity to major roadways in the city of Shanghai. In this study, the traffic density data was used to calculate the traffic-related PM2.5 emissions, and GIS Geostatistical tools and the Kriging Interpolation Tool were used to analyze traffic-related PM2.5 dispersion in Shanghai. Schools within a distance of 100 meters to 400 meters from major roadways were selected as study samples to assess students' exposure to traffic-related PM2.5 and health risks caused by vehicle emissions. A school hazard score map was developed to highlight the existing school sites where the highest health risks to students occur. The findings show that the west and east inner city and western suburbs have the most serious traffic-related PM2.5 pollution in Shanghai. I also developed a school site suitability index for Shanghai based on the level of PM2.5 emissions and distance to major roadways to help planners decide school sites in the future. Furthermore, a set of policies were proposed to mitigate traffic-related PM2.5 emissions in Shanghai.

Traffic related Air Pollution

Traffic related Air Pollution Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9780660349459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Traffic related Air Pollution book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.