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Tracking Animal Migration With Stable Isotopes

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Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008-04-09
ISBN : 9780080559261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes provides a consolidated overview of the current knowledge of stable isotopes in terrestrial migration research questions. It offers ecologists and conservation biologists provide a practical handbook for those considering using stable isotopes in their migration research. Presents information for readers to understand how to apply isotopic methods for tracking Critical information on areas for future research Practical guidelines and discussions of sample collection, sample preparation, and data analysis Enhanced understanding of data and statistical analysis in isotope-based studies of migratory animals

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Book
Author : Keith A. Hobson,Leonard I. Wassenaar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-13
ISBN : 0128147245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes, Second Edition, provides a complete introduction to new and powerful isotopic tools and applications that track animal migration, reviewing where isotope tracers fit in the modern toolbox of tracking methods. The book provides background information on a broad range of migration scenarios in terrestrial and aquatic systems and summarizes the most cutting-edge developments in the field that are revolutionizing the way migrant individuals and populations are assigned to their true origins. It allows undergraduates, graduate students and non-specialist scientists to adopt and apply isotopes to migration research, and also serves as a useful reference for scientists. The new edition thoroughly updates the information available to the reader on current applications of this technique and provides new tools for the isotopic assignment of individuals to origins, including geostatistical multi-isotope approaches and the ways in which researchers can combine isotopes with routine data in a Bayesian framework to provide best estimates of animal origins. Four new chapters include contributions on applications to the movements of terrestrial mammals, with particular emphasis on how aspects of animal physiology can influence stable isotope values. Includes an animal physiology component that is an in-depth overview of the cautions and caveats related to this technique Covers marine and aquatic isoscapes and methods to track marine organisms for researchers trying to apply isotopic tracking to animals in these environments Features state-of-the-art statistical treatments for assignment and combining diverse datasets

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases Book
Author : G.J. Viljoen,A.G. Luckins,I. Naletoski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-22
ISBN : 3319282980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This manuscript discusses the potentials of the approaches as mentioned below to monitor the AIVs in WMW. Molecular diagnostic platforms enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding, enabling non-invasive research on the epidemiology of the disease. Wild migratory waterfowl (WMW) play significant role in the transmission of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) on large distances. Understanding bird migrations may therefore significantly contribute towards understanding of the disease epidemiology, however most conventional approaches to trace WMW migrations are based on capturing, tagging (mostly ringing or GPS devices) and their re-capturing to link the departure and arrival places. Stable isotope ratios in metabolically inert tissues (feathers, beaks, claws) reflect the ratios present at the point of intake (drinking or feeding), thus enabling for tracing bird origins at stopover places. Molecular diagnostic platforms such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies (genetic sequencing) can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding. Simple and easy collection of feather and fecal samples at the stopover places may generate a full information package on which species of WMW carries the AIVs (PCR+DNA barcoding on the feces), as well as the origin of these species (SI+DNA barcoding on the feathers). Therefore, such approaches enable for research on the epidemiology and the ecology of the AIVs in WMW using a non-invasive platform, which does not require capturing of WMW. This manuscript discusses the potentials of these approaches to monitor the AIVs in WMW. p>

North American Monarch Butterfly Ecology and Conservation

North American Monarch Butterfly Ecology and Conservation Book
Author : Jay E. Diffendorfer,Wayne E. Thogmartin,Ryan G. Drum
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-10-23
ISBN : 2889661180
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download North American Monarch Butterfly Ecology and Conservation book written by Jay E. Diffendorfer,Wayne E. Thogmartin,Ryan G. Drum, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Conservation Physiology

Conservation Physiology Book
Author : Christine L. Madliger,Craig E. Franklin,Oliver P. Love,Steven J. Cooke
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-11-30
ISBN : 0198843615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This novel textbook provides the first consolidated overview of the scope, purpose, and applications of conservation physiology with a focus on wildlife. It outlines the major avenues and advances by which the field is contributing to the monitoring, management, and restoration of wild animal populations.

Animal Migration

Animal Migration Book
Author : E.J. Milner-Gulland,John M. Fryxell,Anthony R.E. Sinclair
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-01-13
ISBN : 0199568995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Migration is a fascinating phenomenon that can contribute to the fundamental structuring of ecosystems. This seminal volume synthesises insights from both mathematical modelling and empirical research in order to generate a unified understanding of the mechanisms underlying migration.

Animal Migration

Animal Migration Book
Author : Ben Hoare
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780520258235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guide explores the mysteries of animal migration over land, through oceans, and by air. With more than 300 color photographs, maps, and illustrations, it covers every continent as it traces the routes of some 50 remarkable migrations -- including those of polar bears, wildebeest, hummingbirds, iguanas, and sharks. The author describes the navigation, reproduction, and feeding strategies of these animals and discusses migrations that stand out for their extraordinary challenges, such as those that take animals unthinkable distances across hostile territory. This book also includes a catalog of migration hot spots around the world -- places where the planet's greatest animal voyages can be observed.

Stable Isotope Forensics

Stable Isotope Forensics Book
Author : Wolfram Meier-Augenstein
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-12-27
ISBN : 1119080207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The number-one guide, internationally, to all aspects of forensic isotope analysis, thoroughly updated and revised and featuring many new case studies This edition of the internationally acclaimed guide to forensic stable isotope analysis uses real-world examples to bridge discussions of the basic science, instrumentation and analytical techniques underlying forensic isotope profiling and its various technical applications. Case studies describe an array of applications, many of which were developed by the author himself. They include cases in which isotope profiling was used in murder, and drugs-related crime investigations, as well as for pharmaceutical and food authenticity control studies. Updated with coverage of exciting advances occurring in the field since the publication of the 1st edition, this 2nd edition explores innovative new techniques and applications in forensic isotope profiling, as well as key findings from original research. More than a simple update, though, this edition has been significantly revised in order to address serious problems that can arise from non-comparable and unfit-for-purpose stable isotope data. To that end, Part II has been virtually rewritten with greater emphasis now being placed on important quality control issues in stable isotope analysis in general and forensic stable isotope analysis in particular. Written in a highly accessible style that will appeal to practitioners, researchers and students alike Illustrates the many strengths and potential pitfalls of forensic stable isotope analysis Uses recent case examples to bridge underlying principles with technical applications Presents hands-on applications that let experienced researchers and forensic practitioners match problems with success stories Includes new chapters devoted to aspects of quality control and quality assurance, including scale normalisation, the identical treatment principle, hydrogen exchange and accreditation Stable Isotope Forensics, 2nd Edition is an important professional resource for forensic scientists, law enforcement officials, public prosecutors, defence attorneys, forensic anthropologists and others for whom isotope profiling has become an indispensable tool of the trade. It is also an excellent introduction to the field for senior undergraduate and graduate forensic science students. "All students of forensic criminology, and all law enforcement officers responsible for the investigation of serious crime , will want to study this book. Wolfram highlights the value, and future potential, of Stable Isotope Forensics as an emerging powerful tool in the investigation of crime." —Roy McComb, Deputy Director, Specialist Investigations, National Crime Agency (NCA), UK “A single author text in these days is rare and the value of this book lies in the dedication and experience of the author which is evident in the clarity of prose, the honest illustration of evidence and the realistic practical application of the subject - it makes this a text of genuine scientific value.” — Prof Dame Sue Black, PhD, DBE, OBE, FRSE, Leverhulme Research Centre for Forensic Science, University of Dundee, UK

The Avian Migrant

The Avian Migrant Book
Author : John Rappole
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2013-06-25
ISBN : 0231146787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"John H. Rappole's sophisticated survey of field data clarifies key ecological, biological, physiological, navigational, and evolutionary concerns"--Publisher.

Isotopes and the Natural Environment

Isotopes and the Natural Environment Book
Author : Paul Alexandre
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-27
ISBN : 3030336522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides straightforward and practical information on isotopes applied to a variety of natural sciences. It covers the basics of isotopes and includes detailed examples from a range of natural sciences: ecology, biology, human health, environment and climate, geography, and geology, highlighting their applicability in these fields. It is a must-read for all advanced-undergraduate and graduate students working with isotopes, regardless of the area, and is a very useful one-stop resource for scientists starting in isotope research.

Advances in Forensic Human Identification

Advances in Forensic Human Identification Book
Author : Xanthe Mallett,Teri Blythe,Rachel Berry
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-01-24
ISBN : 1439825149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As forensic human identification receives increased global attention, practitioners, policy makers, and students need an appropriate resource that describes current methods and modalities that have shaped today’s policies and protocols. A supplemental follow-up to Forensic Human Identification: An Introduction, Advances in Forensic Human Identification covers advances in the most well-known scientific techniques and discusses new and developing subjects and modalities of human identification. A collection of contributions from worldwide experts, the book embraces a broad context and looks at several issues beyond physical identification of human remains or offenders. The book examines online, sexual, and biometric identities and discusses problems associated with investigative practice, such as the developing use of the Internet as a distribution and communication medium for criminal activities. It also explores miscarriages of justice that can result from flawed applications or interpretations of forensic evidence. Finally, it looks at the future of forensic science in the United Kingdom in light of financial challenges and the closure of the Forensic Science Service. Where appropriate, case studies illustrate the use of techniques and the associated problems described in the text. A supplemental CD includes images in full color. This volume provides an important contribution to the ongoing practitioner and academic debates surrounding the application of forensic technologies. The insight presented is destined to springboard further inquiry into enhanced techniques and underlies the need for more research into the appropriate use of identification techniques to solve the mysteries of the unknown.

Migration Ecology of Marine Fishes

Migration Ecology of Marine Fishes Book
Author : David Hallock Secor
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2015-06-15
ISBN : 1421416131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A synthetic treatment of all marine fish taxa (teleosts and elasmobranchs), this book employs explanatory frameworks from avian and systems ecology while arguing that migrations are emergent phenomena, structured through schooling, phenotypic plasticity, and other collective agencies. The book provides overviews of the following concepts: ; The comparative movement ecology of fishes and birds ; The alignment of mating systems with larval dispersal ; Schooling and migration as adaptations to marine food webs ; Natal homing ; Connectivity in populations and metapopulations ; The contribution of migration ecology to population resilience

Impact of Climate Change and Human Activity on the Eco environment

Impact of Climate Change and Human Activity on the Eco environment Book
Author : Liqiang Xu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-10
ISBN : 3662450038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study describes the fundamentals of assessing the vulnerability of coral islands, as well as environmental management and resource exploitation. Using seabird subfossils, such as bones, guano, eggshells etc., which have been well preserved on the Xisha Islands in the South China Sea, the author identifies the influences of climate change and human activity on seabird populations and diets. Understanding the past is of great importance for predicting the future, and seabird subfossils provide valuable information, which can be used to study changes in seabird ecology, paleoceanography and palaeoclimate. Furthermore, this study proposes examining the biogeochemical cycling of some elements present in the geosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and atmosphere. Dr. Liqiang Xu works at the Hefei University of Technology, China.

Food Forensics

Food Forensics Book
Author : James F. Carter,Lesley A. Chesson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 1498741738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food forensics is a multi-disciplinary science involving advanced analytical techniques, plant and animal metabolism, and sophisticated data interpretation tools. This book explains how plants, and in turn animals eating those plants, assimilate stable isotopes and trace elements from their environments. It provides extensive reviews of the use of stable isotope and trace element measurements for the authentication of major food groups and how these can be used to detect fraudsters. The book emphasises the use of correct methods for sample preparation and measurement so that data can be compared to existing datasets, with a dedicated chapter discussing interpretations.

Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior

Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-21
ISBN : 0128132523
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, Second Edition, the latest update since the 2010 release, builds upon the solid foundation established in the first edition. Updated sections include Host-parasite interactions, Vertebrate social behavior, and the introduction of ‘overview essays’ that boost the book's comprehensive detail. The structure for the work is modified to accommodate a better grouping of subjects. Some chapters have been reshuffled, with section headings combined or modified. Represents a one-stop resource for scientifically reliable information on animal behavior Provides comparative approaches, including the perspective of evolutionary biologists, physiologists, endocrinologists, neuroscientists and psychologists Includes multimedia features in the online version that offer accessible tools to readers looking to deepen their understanding

Scenarios and Responses to Future Deep Oil Spills

Scenarios and Responses to Future Deep Oil Spills Book
Author : Steven A. Murawski,Cameron H. Ainsworth,Sherryl Gilbert,David J. Hollander,Claire B. Paris,Michael Schlüter,Dana L. Wetzel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-04
ISBN : 3030129632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It has often been said that generals prepare for the next war by re-fighting the last. The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill was unlike any previous – an underwater well blowout 1,500 meters deep. Much has been learned in the wake of DWH and these lessons should in turn be applied to both similar oil spill scenarios and those arising from “frontier” explorations by the marine oil industry. The next deep oil well blowout may be at 3,000 meters or even deeper. This volume summarizes regional (Gulf of Mexico) and global megatrends in marine oil exploration and production. Research in a number of key areas including the behavior of oil and gas under extreme pressure, impacts on biological resources of the deep sea, and the fate of oil and gas released in spills is synthesized. A number of deep oil spills are simulated with detailed computer models, and the likely effects of the spills and potential mitigation measures used to combat them are compared. Recommended changes in policies governing marine oil exploration and development are proposed, as well as additional research to close critical and emerging knowledge gaps. This volume synthesizes state-of-the-art research in deep oil spill behavior and response. It is thus relevant for government and industry oil spill responders, policy formulators and implementers, and academics and students desiring an in-depth and balanced overview of key issues and uncertainties surrounding the quest for deep oil and potential impacts on the environment.

New Analytical Approaches for Verifying the Origin of Food

New Analytical Approaches for Verifying the Origin of Food Book
Author : Paul Brereton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0857097598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food and beverage labels often specify a product’s geographical origin, species, variety and method of production. These claims can significantly influence an item’s economic value, but their verification is not always straightforward. New analytical approaches for verifying the origin of food reviews new analytical methods in this area together with applications to key commodities. Part one introduces the concept of food origin and provides supporting information on labelling legislation and standards. Part two moves on to explore new approaches for verifying the geographical origin of food using geospatial models and verifying species and varietal components of the food we eat. Holistic methods of verification methods using vibrational spectroscopy and associated chemometrics are also discussed. Finally, part three highlights the applications of new analytical methods to verify the origin of particular food commodities: fish, honey and wine. New analytical approaches for verifying the origin of food is a standard reference for professionals working in analytical laboratories testing food authenticity and for researchers, in the food industry, analytical laboratories and academia, working on the development of analytical methods for food authenticity. Includes a chapter on origin labelling legislation and standards Chapters address the applications of both established and novel methods in key product sectors Reviews new analytical methods and their applications in the food industry

Mammalian Paleoecology

Mammalian Paleoecology Book
Author : Felisa A. Smith
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2021-08-17
ISBN : 1421441411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What can the interactions of ancient mammals and their environments tell us about the present—and the future? Classic paleontology has focused on the study of fossils and the reconstruction of lineages of extinct species. But as diverse fossils of animals and plants were unearthed and catalogued, it became possible to reconstruct more elaborate ecosystems, tying together plants, animals, and geology. By the second half of the twentieth century, this effort gave birth to the field of paleoecology: the study of the interactions between organisms and their environments across geologic timescales. In Mammalian Paleoecology, Felisa Smith broadly considers extinct mammals in an ecological context. Arguing that the past has much to teach us and that mammals, which display an impressive array of diverse life history and ecological characteristics, are the ideal organism through which to view the fossil record, Smith • reviews the history, major fossil-hunting figures, and fundamental principles of paleoecology, including stratigraphy, dating, and taphonomy • discusses the importance of mammal body size, how to estimate size, and what size and shape reveal about long-dead organisms • explains the structure, function, and utility of different types of mammal teeth • highlights other important methods and proxies used in modern paleoecology, including stable isotopes, ancient DNA, and paleomidden analyses • assesses nontraditional fossils • presents readers with several case studies that describe how the fossil record can help inform the scientific discussion on anthropogenic climate change Mammalian Paleoecology is an approachable overview of how we obtain information from fossils and what this information can tell us about the environments of the distant past. It will profoundly affect the way paleontologists and climatologists view the lives of ancient mammals.

Applied Ecology and Human Dimensions in Biological Conservation

Applied Ecology and Human Dimensions in Biological Conservation Book
Author : Luciano M. Verdade,Maria Carolina Lyra-Jorge,Carlos I. Piña
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-12
ISBN : 3642547516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides both the conceptual basis and technological tools that are necessary to identify and solve problems related to biodiversity governance. The authors discuss intriguing evolutionary questions, which involve the sometimes surprising adaptive capacity of certain organisms to dwell in altered and/or changing environments that apparently lost most of their structure and functionality. Space and time heterogeneities are considered in order to understand the patterns of distribution and abundance of species and the various processes that mold them. The book also discusses at which level—from genes to the landscape, including individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems—men should intervene in nature in order to prevent the loss of biodiversity.

Chitin

Chitin Book
Author : Neal S. Gupta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-30
ISBN : 9789048196845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are several books on properties of chitin and associated biomolecules and their biochemical significance. However, the present volume deals with a wide variety of biogeochemical and organic geochemical aspects of this vital macromolecule written by leading authors and experts in the field. Each chapter is carefully peer reviewed and is an updated account of recent research in isotopic, nanostructural, biochemical, microstructural, geochemical, paleontological and experimental aspects of chitin formation, distribution and preservation in the environment and earth history.