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Trace Fossils As Indicators Of Sedimentary Environments

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Trace Fossils as Indicators of Sedimentary Environments

Trace Fossils as Indicators of Sedimentary Environments Book
Author : Dirk Knaust,Richard G. Bromley
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0444538143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integration of ichnological information into sedimentological models, and vice versa, is one of the main means by which we can improve our understanding of ancient depositional environments. Mainly intended for sedimentologists, this book aims to make ichnological methods as part of facies interpretation more popular, providing an analytical review of the ichnology of all major depositional environments and the use of ichnology in biostratigraphic and sequence stratigraphic analysis. It starts with an introduction to the historical aspect of ichnology, introducing common concepts and methods, and then continues with parts treating the main depositional systems from continental, shallow-marine and deep-marine siliciclastics, and marine carbonates. The last part is dedicated to the ichnology in hydrocarbon reservoir and aquifer characterization. First overview in 25 years of the status of ichnological studies in facies reconstructions of all major depositional environments Written by a selected, well-experienced and specialized international authorship Provides easy access to the comprehensive and widespread literature

Trace Fossils as Indicators of Sedimentary Environments

Trace Fossils as Indicators of Sedimentary Environments Book
Author : Dirk Knaust,Richard Granville Bromley
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9780444538130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Over recent decades, the study of trace fossils (ichnology) has evolved into a broad and global subject. Given its interdisciplinary and complex nature, bridging sedimentology and palaeontology, it tends to remain a specialized field when ichnological concepts and methods are applied in the interpretation of sedimentary environments. The value of trace fossils in facies reconstructions was recognized early and all major sedimentary environments were extensively documented in the 1980s. This book provides a comprehensive overview of all major sedimentary envrironments from the continents to the deep sea in respect to their characterization by trace fossils and ichnological means. Over 80 specialisits have contributed, thus ensuring a wide spectrum of perspectives. The purpose of the book is to provide the non-specialized sedimentologist and geologist with easily accessible data, concepts, methods and references for integrated ichnological-sedimentological studies. Sedimentologists and palaeontologists in both academia and industry will benefit from it. The book is subdivided into five parts and includes 28 chapters. Part I deals with the historical aspect of ichnology and introduces common concepts and methods. Parts II to IV treat major sedimentary environments of continental and glacial systems, shallow-marine siliciclastic systems, deep-marine siliciclastic systems, and marine carbonate systems. Part V is dedicated to ichnology in hydrocarbon reservoir and aquifer characterization." -- P. [4] de la couv.

Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core

Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core Book
Author : Dirk Knaust
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-15
ISBN : 3319498371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides readers with a well-balanced blend of high-quality photographs, figures and accompanying texts on the identification of trace fossils, both in core and in outcrop. Ichnological data has become increasingly important in sedimentological and paleoenvironmental interpretations, not only in the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons but also in the characterization of aquifers and in scientific drilling. Following an introduction to the study of trace fossils in core and an outline of ichnological basics, principles and concepts, the book provides detailed descriptions and interpretations of 39 trace fossils (ichnogenera) and associated features (such as bioturbate texture, plant roots and their traces, borings and pseudo-trace fossils) commonly encountered in well cores and in outcrop. The trace fossils are highlighted by their expression in well cores and illustrated with carefully prepared, eye-catching core photographs. This unique information is complemented by examples of trace fossils in outcrop, as well as relevant key figures from the literature. Each description is presented in a consistent manner, stating the ichnogenus name and author in the title, followed by sections on the morphology and size, ichnotaxonomy, substrate, appearance in core, similar trace fossils, producers, ethology, depositional environment, ichnofacies, age, and reservoir quality. An extensive list of references per chapter for further reading rounds out the book, which is based on the author’s continuous work with trace fossils in core over the past two decades.

The Study of Trace Fossils

The Study of Trace Fossils Book
Author : R.W. Frey
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642659233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1971 I published a review of ichnology other concentrating only on traces made (Houston AAPG: SEPM Trace Fossil Field by a certain group of organisms, regardless Trip Guidebook) that I thought could be of their setting. Nevertheless, needless re dundancy has hopefully been eliminated. expanded rather easily into a worthwhile Some of the chapters are more special book on the subject. I probed that possi ized than others (because of the nature of bility for a while, thinking that I would particular topics); hence, these may be write the book myself. As I began to out somewhat less familiar or "comprehensible" line the chapters in more detail, however, than others-depending upon the reader's it soon became apparent that my personal own interests and background. Other dif knowledge of too many facets of ichnology ferences in the scope and content of vari scraped bottom all too soon. I quickly de ous chapters stem from the simple fact cided that a better book could be produced that a considerably greater backlog of pre by soliciting specific contributions from vious work is available in certain facets of other workers who, collectively, had first ichnology than in others. But we hope hand experience with virtually every aspect that all of the chapters will prove to be use of the field. That became the actual plan, ful to anyone wishing to delve 'into them. the result of which is this book.

Biogenic Structures

Biogenic Structures Book
Author : Harold Allen Curran
Publisher : Sepm Society for Sedimentary
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biogenic Structures book written by Harold Allen Curran, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Trace Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events

The Trace Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events Book
Author : M. Gabriela Mángano,Luis A. Buatois
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-17
ISBN : 9401795975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume addresses major evolutionary changes that took place during the Mesozoic and the Cenozoic. These include discussions on major evolutionary radiations and ecological innovations on land and at sea, such as the Mesozoic marine revolution, the Mesozoic radiation of vertebrates, the Mesozoic lacustrine revolution, the Cenozoic radiation of mammals, the evolution of paleosol biotas, and the evolution of hominins. The roles of mass extinctions at the end of the Triassic and at the end of the Cretaceous are assessed. This volume set provides innovative reviews of the major evolutionary events in the history of life from an ichnologic perspective. Because the long temporal range of trace fossils has been commonly emphasized, biogenic structures have been traditionally overlooked in macroevolution. However, comparisons of ichnofaunas through geologic time do reveal the changing ecology of organism-substrate interactions. The use of trace fossils in evolutionary paleoecology represents a new trend that is opening a window for our understanding of major evolutionary radiations and mass extinctions. Trace fossils provide crucial evidence for the recognition of spatial and temporal patterns and processes associated with paleoecologic breakthroughs.

Sedimentary Structures

Sedimentary Structures Book
Author : John Collinson
Publisher : Dunedin Academic Press Ltd
Release : 2019-03-01
ISBN : 1780466021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely revised new edition, in colour for the first time, of an established undergraduate textbook in elementary sedimentology.

Methods in Paleoecology

Methods in Paleoecology Book
Author : Darin A. Croft,Denise F. Su,Scott W. Simpson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-27
ISBN : 3319942654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on the reconstruction of past ecosystems and provides a comprehensive review of current techniques and their application in exemplar studies. The 18 chapters address a wide variety of topics that span vertebrate paleobiology and paleoecology (body mass, postcranial functional morphology, evolutionary dental morphology, microwear and mesowear, ecomorphology, mammal community structure analysis), contextual paleoenvironmental studies (paleosols and sedimentology, ichnofossils, pollen, phytoliths, plant macrofossils), and special techniques (bone microstructure, biomineral isotopes, inorganic isotopes, 3-D morphometrics, and ecometric modeling). A final chapter discusses how to integrate results of these studies with taphonomic data in order to more accurately characterize an ancient ecosystem. Current investigators, advanced undergraduates, and graduate students interested in the field of paleoecology will find this book immensely useful. The length and structure of the volume also makes it suitable for teaching a college-level course on reconstructing Cenozoic ecosystems.

The Application of Ichnology to Palaeoenvironmental and Stratigraphic Analysis

The Application of Ichnology to Palaeoenvironmental and Stratigraphic Analysis Book
Author : D. McIlroy
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9781862391543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It has been increasingly realized by sedimentologist in the petroleum industry and academia that integration of ichonological information into sedimentological models, and vice versa, is one of the main means by which we can improve our understanding of ancient depositional environments. This volume aims to provide an analytical review of yhe ichnology of all major depositional environments and the use ichnology in biostratigraphic and sequence stratigraphic analysis, as well as highly refined palaeeoenvironmental studies. The remit of the book is achieved through a combination of review articles and novel research papers that outline methodologies and protocols for improving our understanding of ancient palaeoenvironments. Trace fossils from microscopic borings to dinosaur footprints are considered.

Introduction to Paleobiology and the Fossil Record

Introduction to Paleobiology and the Fossil Record Book
Author : Michael J. Benton,David A. T. Harper
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-06-02
ISBN : 1119272858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive overview of the science of the history of life. Paleobiologists bring many analytical tools to bear in interpreting the fossil record and the book introduces the latest techniques, from multivariate investigations of biogeography and biostratigraphy to engineering analysis of dinosaur skulls, and from homeobox genes to cladistics. All the well-known fossil groups are included, including microfossils and invertebrates, but an important feature is the thorough coverage of plants, vertebrates and trace fossils together with discussion of the origins of both life and the metazoans. All key related subjects are introduced, such as systematics, ecology, evolution and development, stratigraphy and their roles in understanding where life came from and how it evolved and diversified. Unique features of the book are the numerous case studies from current research that lead students to the primary literature, analytical and mathematical explanations and tools, together with associated problem sets and practical schedules for instructors and students. New to this edition The text and figures have been updated throughout to reflect current opinion on all aspects New case studies illustrate the chapters, drawn from a broad distribution internationally Chapters on Macroevolution, Form and Function, Mass extinctions, Origin of Life, and Origin of Metazoans have been entirely rewritten to reflect substantial advances in these topics There is a new focus on careers in paleobiology

Deepwater Sedimentary Systems

Deepwater Sedimentary Systems Book
Author : Jon R. Rotzien,Cindy A. Yeilding,Richard A. Sears,F. Javier Hernández-Molina,Octavian Catuneanu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-08-18
ISBN : 0323919219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deepwater Sedimentary Systems: Science, Discovery and Applications helps readers identify, understand and interpret deepwater sedimentary systems at various scales – both onshore and offshore. This book describes the best practices in the integration of geology, geophysics, engineering, technology and economics used to inform smart business decisions in these diverse environments. It draws on technical results gained from deepwater exploration and production drilling campaigns and global field analog studies. With the multi-decadal resilience of deepwater exploration and production and the nature of its inherent uncertainty, this book serves as the essential reference for companies, consultancies, universities, governments and deepwater practitioners around the world seeking to understand deepwater systems and how to explore for and produce resources in these frontier environments. From an academic perspective, readers will use this book as the primer for understanding the processes, deposits and sedimentary environments in deep water – from deep oceans to deep lakes. This book provides conceptual approaches and state-of-the-art information on deepwater systems, as well as scenarios for the next 100 years of human-led exploration and development in deepwater, offshore environments. The students taught this material in today’s classrooms will become the leaders of tomorrow in Earth’s deepwater frontier. This book provides a broad foundation in deepwater sedimentary systems. What may take an individual dozens of academic and professional courses to achieve an understanding in these systems is provided here in one book. Presents a holistic view of how subsurface and engineering processes work together in the energy industry, bringing together contributions from the various technical and engineering disciplines Provides diverse perspectives from a global authorship to create an accurate picture of the process of deepwater exploration and production around the world Helps readers understand how to interpret deepwater systems at various scales to inform smart business decisions, with a significant portion of the workflows derived from the upstream energy industry

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 0081029098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core

Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core Book
Author : Dirk Knaust
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-01-19
ISBN : 9783319498362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides readers with a well-balanced blend of high-quality photographs, figures and accompanying texts on the identification of trace fossils, both in core and in outcrop. Ichnological data has become increasingly important in sedimentological and paleoenvironmental interpretations, not only in the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons but also in the characterization of aquifers and in scientific drilling. Following an introduction to the study of trace fossils in core and an outline of ichnological basics, principles and concepts, the book provides detailed descriptions and interpretations of 39 trace fossils (ichnogenera) and associated features (such as bioturbate texture, plant roots and their traces, borings and pseudo-trace fossils) commonly encountered in well cores and in outcrop. The trace fossils are highlighted by their expression in well cores and illustrated with carefully prepared, eye-catching core photographs. This unique information is complemented by examples of trace fossils in outcrop, as well as relevant key figures from the literature. Each description is presented in a consistent manner, stating the ichnogenus name and author in the title, followed by sections on the morphology and size, ichnotaxonomy, substrate, appearance in core, similar trace fossils, producers, ethology, depositional environment, ichnofacies, age, and reservoir quality. An extensive list of references per chapter for further reading rounds out the book, which is based on the author’s continuous work with trace fossils in core over the past two decades.

Mangrove Ichnology of the Bay of Bengal Coast Eastern India

Mangrove Ichnology of the Bay of Bengal Coast  Eastern India Book
Author : Chirananda De
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-06
ISBN : 3319992325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the world’s largest mangrove delta complex, located at Sundarban, a world heritage site, and on the relatively new and rapidly expanding scientific discipline of ichnology. In addition to presenting a range of ichnological research databases that are widely applicable to multidisciplinary research fields in geology, biophysics, biology, ecology, geomorphology and the marine and environmental sciences, it addresses the global concern of rising sea levels to explain growing ecological problems, from the mass mortality of coastal organisms and rapid loss of mangrove forest wealth, to widespread coastal and riverbank erosion. It also demonstrates the value of applying new ichnological tools to coastal geotechnical planning and programming, and to groundwater exploration. Thus, the book addresses a broad readership including earth scientists from various disciplines, state administrators and members of the general public.

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2021

Proceedings of the International Field Exploration and Development Conference 2021 Book
Author : Jia'en Lin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9811921490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on reservoir surveillance and management, reservoir evaluation and dynamic description, reservoir production stimulation and EOR, ultra-tight reservoir, unconventional oil and gas resources technology, oil and gas well production testing, and geomechanics. This book is a compilation of selected papers from the 11th International Field Exploration and Development Conference (IFEDC 2021). The conference not only provides a platform to exchanges experience, but also promotes the development of scientific research in oil & gas exploration and production. The main audience for the work includes reservoir engineer, geological engineer, enterprise managers, senior engineers as well as professional students.

Ichnoentomology

Ichnoentomology Book
Author : Jorge Fernando Genise
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-31
ISBN : 3319282107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is devoted to the ichnology of insects, and associated trace fossils, in soils and paleosols. The traces described here, mostly nests and pupation chambers, include one of the most complex architectures produced by animals. Chapters explore the walls, shapes and fillings of trace fossils followed by their classifications and ichnotaxonomy. Detailed descriptions and interpretations for different groups of insects like bees, ants, termites, dung beetles and wasps are also provided. Chapters also highlight the the paleoenvironmental significance of insect trace fossils in paleosols for paleontological reconstructions, sedimentological interpretation, and ichnofabrics analysis. Readers will discover how insect trace fossils act as physical evidence for reconstructing the evolution of behavior, phylogenies, past geographical distributions, and to know how insects achieved some of the more complex architectures. The book will appeal to researchers and graduate students in ichnology, sedimentology, paleopedology, and entomology and readers interested in insect architecture.

The Encyclopedia of the Solid Earth Sciences

The Encyclopedia of the Solid Earth Sciences Book
Author : Philip Kearey
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-07-17
ISBN : 1444313886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From AMETHYST to ARTESIAN SPRING, from COAL GAS to CONTINENTAL DRIFT, from SEISMOGRAM to STROMATOLITE, the Encylopedia of the Solid Earth Sciences provides a comprehensive modern reference text for all the subdisciplines of the Earth Sciences. The Encyclopedia is primarily intended for professional earth scientists and those specializing in related subjects. However, it will also provide an important reference for students of the Earth Sciences and those needing information on terms in current usage. The book contains three main styles of entry: articles up to 1500 words on major topics such as plate tectonics, standard entries of up to a couple of hundred words on topics such as groups of minerals,and brief definitions of, for instance, individual minerals.

Ichnology

Ichnology Book
Author : Luis A. Buatois,M. Gabriela Mángano
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-08-11
ISBN : 1139500643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ichnology is the study of traces created in the substrate by living organisms. This is the first book to systematically cover basic concepts and applications in both paleobiology and sedimentology, bridging the gap between the two main facets of the field. It emphasizes the importance of understanding ecologic controls on benthic fauna distribution and the role of burrowing organisms in changing their environments. A detailed analysis of the ichnology of a range of depositional environments is presented using examples from the Precambrian to the recent, and the use of trace fossils in facies analysis and sequence stratigraphy is discussed. The potential for biogenic structures to provide valuable information and solve problems in a wide range of fields is also highlighted. An invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students in paleontology, sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy, this book will also be of interest to industry professionals working in petroleum geoscience.

Sedimentology of Paralic Reservoirs

Sedimentology of Paralic Reservoirs Book
Author : G.J. Hampson,A.D. Reynolds,B. Kostic,M.R. Wells
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 1786202743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Paralic reservoirs reflect a range of depositional environments including deltas, shoreline–shelf systems and estuaries. They provide the backbone of production in many mature basins, and contribute significantly to global conventional hydrocarbon production. However, the range of environments, together with relative sea-level and sediment supply changes, result in significant variability in their stratigraphic architecture and sedimentological heterogeneity, which translates into complex patterns of reservoir distribution and production that are challenging to predict, optimize and manage. This volume presents new research and developments in established approaches to the exploration and production of paralic reservoirs. The 13 papers in the volume are grouped into three thematic sections, which address: the sedimentological characterization of paralic reservoirs using subsurface data; lithological heterogeneity in paralic depositional systems arising from the influence of tidal currents; and paralic reservoir analogue studies of modern sediments and ancient outcrops. The volume demonstrates that heterogeneity in paralic reservoirs is increasingly well understood at all scales, but highlights gaps in our knowledge and areas of current research.

Paleoecology

Paleoecology Book
Author : David J. Bottjer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-04-18
ISBN : 111845586X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PALEOECOLOGY PALEOECOLOGY Past, Present and Future Paleoecology is a discipline that uses evidence from fossils to provide an understanding of ancient environments and the ecological history of life through geological time. This text covers the fundamental approaches that have provided the foundation for present paleoecological understanding, and outlines new research areas in paleoecology for managing future environmental and ecological change. Topics include the use of actualism in paleoecology, development of paleoecological models for paleoenvironmental reconstruction, taphonomy and exceptional fossil preservation, evolutionary paleoecology and ecological change through time, and conservation paleoecology. Data from studies of invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microfossils, with added emphasis on bioturbation and microbial sedimentary structures, are discussed. Examples from marine and terrestrial environments are covered, with a particular focus on periods of great ecological change, such as the Precambrian-Cambrian transition and intervals of mass extinction. Readership: This book is designed for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in the earth and biological sciences, as well as researchers and applied scientists in a range of related disciplines.