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Toxicology In The Middle Ages And Renaissance

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Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Book
Author : Philip Wexler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-03-13
ISBN : 0128095598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance provides an authoritative and fascinating exploration into the use of toxins and poisons in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Part of the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series, this volume is a follow-up, chronologically, to the first two volumes which explored toxicology in antiquity. The book approximately covers the 1100s through the 1600s, delving into different aspects of toxicology, such as the contributions of scientific scholars of the time, sensational poisoners and poisoning cases, as well as myths. Historical figures, such as the Borgias and Catherine de Medici are discussed. Toxicologists, students, medical researchers, and those interested in the history of science will find insightful and relevant material in this volume. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways previous civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid them, and how to use them against enemies Explores the way famous historical figures used toxins

Information Resources in Toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology Book
Author : Steve Gilbert,Asish Mohapatra,Sol Bobst,Antoinette Hayes,Sara T. Humes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-15
ISBN : 0128216123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new fifth edition of Information Resources in Toxicology offers a consolidated entry portal for the study, research, and practice of toxicology. Both volumes represents a unique, wide-ranging, curated, international, annotated bibliography, and directory of major resources in toxicology and allied fields such as environmental and occupational health, chemical safety, and risk assessment. The editors and authors are among the leaders of the profession sharing their cumulative wisdom in toxicology’s subdisciplines. This edition keeps pace with the digital world in directing and linking readers to relevant websites and other online tools. Due to the increasing size of the hardcopy publication, the current edition has been divided into two volumes to make it easier to handle and consult. Volume 1: Background, Resources, and Tools, arranged in 5 parts, begins with chapters on the science of toxicology, its history, and informatics framework in Part 1. Part 2 continues with chapters organized by more specific subject such as cancer, clinical toxicology, genetic toxicology, etc. The categorization of chapters by resource format, for example, journals and newsletters, technical reports, organizations constitutes Part 3. Part 4 further considers toxicology’s presence via the Internet, databases, and software tools. Among the miscellaneous topics in the concluding Part 5 are laws and regulations, professional education, grants and funding, and patents. Volume 2: The Global Arena offers contributed chapters focusing on the toxicology contributions of over 40 countries, followed by a glossary of toxicological terms and an appendix of popular quotations related to the field. The book, offered in both print and electronic formats, is carefully structured, indexed, and cross-referenced to enable users to easily find answers to their questions or serendipitously locate useful knowledge they were not originally aware they needed. Among the many timely topics receiving increased emphasis are disaster preparedness, nanotechnology, -omics, risk assessment, societal implications such as ethics and the precautionary principle, climate change, and children’s environmental health. Opens with an overview of the international toxicology scene, organizations and activities involved with both the science and regulatory framework, and a specific look at the European Union’s efforts. Offers an extensive collection of chapters covering over 40 countries and their toxicological infrastructure which includes listings of major books and journals, organizations, professional societies, universities, poison control centers, legislation, and online databases. Provides the Second Edition of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry’s Glossary of Terms Used in Toxicology, a carefully constructed and peer reviewed collation of critical terms in the science. Concludes with a potpourri of quotes concerning toxicology and their use in the arts and popular culture. Paired with Volume One, which offers chapters on a host of toxicology sub-disciplines, this set offers the most comprehensive compendium of print, digital, and organizational resources in the toxicological sciences with over120 chapters contributions by experts and leaders in the field.

Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents

Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents Book
Author : Ramesh C. Gupta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-31
ISBN : 0128190914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents, Third Edition, covers every aspect of deadly toxic chemicals used in conflicts, warfare and terrorism. Including findings from experimental as well as clinical studies, this essential reference offers in-depth coverage of individual toxicants, target organ toxicity, major incidents, toxic effects in humans, animals and wildlife, biosensors and biomarkers, on-site and laboratory analytical methods, decontamination and detoxification procedures, and countermeasures. Expanding on the second edition, Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents has been completely updated, presenting the most recent advances in field. Brand new chapters include a new chapter on emergency preparedness, coverage of the chemical warfare agents used in Syria, the use of the Novichok agent in the UK, and more. Unites world-leading experts to bring you cutting-edge, agent-specific information on Chemical Warfare Agents (CWA) and their adverse effects on human and animal health, and the environment Provides you with all the information you need on CWA modes of action, detection, prevention, therapeutic treatment and countermeasures New to this edition: a full update to reflect the most recent advances in the field and new chapters on emergency preparedness, the chemical warfare agents used in Syria, and the use of the Novichok agent in the UK

The Poison Trials

The Poison Trials Book
Author : Alisha Rankin
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2021-01-22
ISBN : 022674499X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1524, Pope Clement VII gave two condemned criminals to his physician to test a promising new antidote. After each convict ate a marzipan cake poisoned with deadly aconite, one of them received the antidote, and lived—the other died in agony. In sixteenth-century Europe, this and more than a dozen other accounts of poison trials were committed to writing. Alisha Rankin tells their little-known story. At a time when poison was widely feared, the urgent need for effective cures provoked intense excitement about new drugs. As doctors created, performed, and evaluated poison trials, they devoted careful attention to method, wrote detailed experimental reports, and engaged with the problem of using human subjects for fatal tests. In reconstructing this history, Rankin reveals how the antidote trials generated extensive engagement with “experimental thinking” long before the great experimental boom of the seventeenth century and investigates how competition with lower-class healers spurred on this trend. The Poison Trials sheds welcome and timely light on the intertwined nature of medical innovations, professional rivalries, and political power.

Casarett Doull s Toxicology The Basic Science of Poisons Ninth Edition

Casarett   Doull s Toxicology  The Basic Science of Poisons  Ninth Edition Book
Author : Curtis D. Klaassen
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2018-11-23
ISBN : 1259863751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicology’s gold-standard text - completely updated to reflect the latest breakthroughs and discoveries Casarett & Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, Ninth Edition equips you with an unsurpassed understanding of modern toxicology, including the key principles, concepts, mechanisms, chemical-specific toxicity, and modes of thought that are the foundation of the discipline. This trusted classic not only delivers a comprehensive review of the essential components of toxicology, it offers the most up-to-date, revealing, and in-depth look at the systemic responses of toxic substance available anywhere. Casarett & Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, Ninth Edition is logically divided into seven sections:•General Principles of Toxicology•Disposition of Toxicants•Non-Organ Directed Toxicity•Target Organ Toxicity•Toxic Agents•Environmental Toxicology•Applications of Toxicology Many new contributors capture the progress made in toxicology over the past few years:This edition is markedly updated from the previous edition, with more than one-third of the chapters authored by scientists who have not made previous contributions to the book. Sharing their expertise, they deliver dynamic new coverage of the importance of apoptosis, autophagy, cytokines, growth factors, oncogenes, cell cycling, receptors, gene regulation, protective mechanisms, repair mechanisms, transcription factors, signaling pathways, transgenic mice, knock-out mice, humanized mice, polymorphisms, microarray technology, second-generation sequencing, genomics, proteomics, epigenetics, exposome, microbiota, read across, adverse outcome pathways, high-content screening, computational toxicology, innovative test methods, and organ-on-a-chip in understanding the mechanisms of toxicity and the regulation of chemicals. A true “essential”If you are in need of an up-to-date, all-in-one overview of the biomedical and environmental aspects of toxicology - written by experts, and presented in full color, your search ends here.

Forensic Toxicology

Forensic Toxicology Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 0128008180
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Toxicology, the latest release in the Advanced Forensic Science Series that grew out of recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report, Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward will serve as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching forensic toxicology. It is also an excellent reference for the forensic practitioner’s library or for use in their casework. Coverage includes a wide variety of methods used, along with pharmacology and drugs and professional issues they may encounter. Edited by a world-renowned, leading forensic expert, this updated edition is a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of forensic toxicology Contains information on a wide variety of methods Covers pharmacology and drugs, matrices and interpretation Includes a section on professional issues, such as crime scene to court, lab reports, health and safety, post-mortem and drug facilitated crimes Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion questions and additional reading suggestions

Murder During the Hundred Year War

Murder During the Hundred Year War Book
Author : Melissa Julian-Jones
Publisher : Pen and Sword History
Release : 2020-12-31
ISBN : 1526750821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1375, Sir William Cantilupe was found murdered in a field outside of a village in Lincolnshire. As the case progressed, fifteen members of his household were indicted for murder, and his armor-bearer and butler were convicted. Through the lens of this murder and its context, this book will explore violence, social norms and deviance, and crime and punishment 'at home' during the Hundred Years War. The case of William Cantilupe has been of interest to historians for many years, ever since Rosamund Sillem brought it to light in her work on the Lincolnshire Peace Rolls in the 1930s, but this is the first time it has received a book-length treatment, taking relationships between the lords and their servants into account. The verdict – guilty of petty treason – makes this one of the first cases where such a verdict was given, and this reveals the deep insecurities of England at this time, where the violent rebellion of servants against their masters (and wives against their husbands) was a serious concern, enough to warrant death by hanging (for men) and death by burning (for women). The reader is invited to consider the historical interpretations of the evidence, as the motives for the murder were never recorded. The relationships between Sir William and his householders, and indeed with his own wife and , and whether the jury were right to convict him and his alleged accomplice in the first place.

 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2021-07-25
ISBN : 1538158086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sartorial Politics in Early Modern Europe

Sartorial Politics in Early Modern Europe Book
Author : Erin Griffey
Publisher : Amsterdam University Press
Release : 2019-07-05
ISBN : 904853724X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For women at the early modern courts, clothing and jewellery were essential elements in their political arsenal, enabling them to signal their dynastic value, to promote loyalty to their marital court and to advance political agendas. This is the first collection of essays to examine how elite women in early modern Europe marshalled clothing and jewellery for political ends. With essays encompassing women who traversed courts in Denmark, England, France, Germany, Habsburg Austria, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Sweden, the contributions cover a broad range of elite women from different courts and religious backgrounds as well as varying noble ranks.

An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Toxicology

An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Toxicology Book
Author : Carey N. Pope,Jing Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-18
ISBN : 0128136030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Toxicology: From Molecules to Man integrates the various aspects of toxicology, from “simple molecular systems, to complex human communities, with expertise from a spectrum of interacting disciplines. Chapters are written by specialists within a given subject, such as a chemical engineer, nutritional scientist, or a microbiologist, so subjects are clearly explained and discussed within the toxicology context. Many chapters are comparative across species so that students in ecotoxicology learn mammalian toxicology and vice versa. Specific citations, further reading, study questions, and other learning features are also included. The book allows students to concurrently learn concepts in both biomedical and environmental toxicology fields, thus better equipping them for the many career opportunities toxicology provides. This book will also be useful to those wishing to reference how disciplines interact within the broad field of toxicology. Covers major topics and newer areas in toxicology, including nanotoxicology, Tox21, epigenetic toxicology, and organ-specific toxicity Includes a variety of perspectives to give a complete understanding of toxicology Written by specialists within each subject area, e.g., a chemical engineer, to ensure concepts are clearly explained

Expert Report Writing in Toxicology

Expert Report Writing in Toxicology Book
Author : Michael D. Coleman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-03-17
ISBN : 1118432339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every year throughout the world, individuals' health is damaged by their exposure to toxic chemicals at work. In most cases these problems will resolve, but many will sustain permanent damage. Whilst any justified claim for compensation requires medical and legal evidence a crucial and often controversial component of this process is the establishment of a causal link between the individual's condition and exposure to a specific chemical or substance. Causation, in terms of how a substance or substances led the claimant to his or her current plight, can be difficult to establish and the main purpose of this book, is to provide the aspiring expert report writer with a concise, practical guide that uses case histories to illuminate the process of establishing causation in occupational toxicity proceedings. In summary: A practical, accessible guide to the preparation of balanced, scientifically sound expert reports in the context of occupational toxicology. Focuses on the scientist’s role in establishing a causal link between exposure to toxins and an individual’s ill health. Includes real-life case histories drawn from the Author’s 15 years experience in this area to illustrate the principles involved. Expert Report Writing in Toxicology: Forensic, Scientific and Legal Aspects proves invaluable to scientists across a range of disciplines needing guidance as to what is expected of them in terms of the best use of their expertise and how to present their findings in a manner that is authoritative, balanced and informative.

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-28
ISBN : 0123821665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association

Information Resources in Toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology Book
Author : Philip Wexler
Publisher : Elsevier Publishing Company
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

UNITED STATES RESOURCES; BOOK, SPECIAL DOCUMENTS, JOURNAL ARTICLES, JOURNALS, NEWSLETTERS, POPULAR WORKS, COMPUTERIZED INFORMATION SOURCES, ABSTRACTS, INDEXES, CURRENT AWARENESS, AUDIO VISUALS, INFORMATION HANDLING; LEGISLATION AND REGULATORY ISSUES; REGULATION OF CHEMICALS IN THE US, HAZARD COMMUNICATION COMPLIANCE; ORGANIZATIONS, EDUCATION, SCHOOLS, MUTAGENICITY TESTING LABORATORIES IN UNITED STATES; POISON CONTROL CENTERS; INTERNATIONAL RESOURCES.

Crime Prevention and Justice in 2030

Crime Prevention and Justice in 2030 Book
Author : Helmut Kury
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-25
ISBN : 3030562271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Crime Prevention and Justice in 2030 book written by Helmut Kury, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Practical Environmental Forensics

Practical Environmental Forensics Book
Author : Patrick J. Sullivan,Franklin J. Agardy,Richard K. Traub
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2001-07-23
ISBN : 9780471437659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive practical guide to environmental forensics With real-world examples and advice on both scientific and legal issues, Practical Environmental Forensics stands on the front line of this new interdisciplinary approach to the environmental litigation process. Compiled by experts with decades of combined experience in teaching, research, consulting, and litigation, it is the first book to offer a comprehensive presentation of environmental forensics.The first section provides an introduction to the forensic process, a historical perspective on pollution, and related laws and insurance issues. The book continues with a review of the most commonly used technical approaches and methods employed to support forensic litigation case issues. A third section introduces essential environmental forensic support functions, including admissibility of evidence, expert case management, and the use of mediation methods in settling cases. Finally, the book explores the environmental forensic process through an extensive body of real case studies in which the authors have participated. This comprehensive guidebook includes: * Guidance in the development and presentation of forensic opinions within the litigation process * Stand-alone applications of historical research, groundwater contaminant modeling, chemical fingerprinting, toxicology, and risk assessment to environmental litigation * Chemical and investigative forensic methods presented within the context of environmental forensic case histories * Illustrative problem-solving as an invaluable teaching and learning resource * Typical forensic cases grouped to illustrate the three main areas of environmental litigation: minimizing damages to clients, allocating damages between responsible parties, and resolution of insurance-related issues For engineers, scientists, attorneys, government regulators, financial and real estate professionals, and the broad spectrum of environmental consultants, this book is critical for all whose work involves environmental contamination.

Molecular Clinical and Environmental Toxicology

Molecular  Clinical and Environmental Toxicology Book
Author : Andreas Luch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-04-03
ISBN : 9783764383367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Toxicology is the first volume of a three-volume set Molecular, Clinical and Environmental Toxicology that offers a comprehensive and in-depth response to the increasing importance and abundance of chemicals in daily life. By providing intriguing insights far down to the molecular level, this work covers the entire range of modern toxicology with special emphasis on recent developments and achievements. It is written for students and professionals in medicine, science, public health and engineering who are demanding reliable information on toxic or potentially harmful agents and their adverse effects on the human body.

Veterinary Toxicology

Veterinary Toxicology Book
Author : Kumar M. Vijay
Publisher : New India Publishing
Release : 2009-01-16
ISBN : 9788190723749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Veterinary Toxicology, in recent years, has acquired greater importance than ever before because of increasing and indiscriminate use of farm chemicals and drugs accompanied by rapid degrading impact of environmental pollution on health of animals. The indiscriminate feeding habits of domestic animals especially in developing countries make them more prone to the impact of natural toxicants especially Phytotoxins and Mycotoxins. Toxicology has been recognized as a separate discipline in veterinary sciences both at undergraduate and post graduate levels for the last four decades and a lot of emphasis has been given on its teaching, research and practical utility from clinical point of view. The book has been prepared in a most comprehensive manner with up-to date reference which offers invaluable, clinically oriented guidance on numerous potentially toxic substances. In addition, to covering traditional and non-traditional areas of toxicology it provides a wealth of quick reference charts and tables that put vital information at your finger tips in seconds

Information Resources in Toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology Book
Author : P.J. Bert Hakkinen,Gerald Kennedy,Frederick W. Stoss
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-01-10
ISBN : 008053466X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Information Resources in Toxicology, Third Edition is a sourcebook for anyone who needs to know where to find toxicology information. It provides an up-to-date selective guide to a large variety of sources--books, journals, organizations, audiovisuals, internet and electronic sources, and more. For the Third Edition, the editors have selected, organized, and updated the most relevant information available. New information on grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports have also been added. This comprehensive, time-saving tool is ideal for toxicologists, pharmacologists, drug companies, testing labs, libraries, poison control centers, physicians, legal and regulatory professionals, and chemists. Serves as an all-in-one resource for toxicology information New edition includes information on publishers, grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports Updated to include the latest internet and electronic sources, e-mail addresses, etc. Provides valuable data about the new fields that have emerged within toxicological research; namely, the biochemical, cellular, molecular, and genetic aspects

Introduction to Toxicology and Food

Introduction to Toxicology and Food Book
Author : Tomris Altug
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-07-30
ISBN : 0849314569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With growing interest in the safety of foods, knowledge of food toxicology is gaining more importance every day. Introduction to Toxicology and Food provides a concise overview of both the science of toxicology and food toxicology. It presents easy-to-understand explanations of the concepts and principles of toxicology as a science, the toxicants found in foods, and naturally occurring antitoxic/anticarcinogenic substances in foods. It examines the uses, harmful effects, and safety aspects of a variety of toxicants, including natural toxicants, contaminants, and food additives. The book begins with a general overview of the concepts and principles of toxicology. It describes its history and branches, toxic doses, stages of toxication, effect mechanisms of toxins, and toxicity tests. Then it covers the substances in our foods that have toxicological significance, such as natural sources of toxicants, contaminants, and food additives. Finally, the book presents information about "chemopreventers" - those foods and food components that have antimutagenic or anticarcinogenic effects. With its easy-to-read style and its clear discussions of the science of toxicology, food toxicology, and chemopreventers, Introduction to Toxicology and Food is an ideal text for an undergraduate course in food toxicology and a useful guide for food scientists.

The Borgia Family

The Borgia Family Book
Author : Jennifer Mara DeSilva
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-10-30
ISBN : 0429560303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Borgia Family: Rumor and Representation explores the historical and cultural structures that underpin the early modern Borgia family, their notoriety, and persistence and reinvention in the popular imagination. The book balances studies focusing on early modern observations of the Borgias and studies deconstructing later incarnations on the stage, on the page, on the street, and on the screen. It reveals how contemporary observers, later authors and artists, and generations of historians reinforced and perpetuated both rumor and reputation, ultimately contributing to the Borgia Black Legend and its representations. Focused on the deeds and posthumous reputations of Pope Alexander VI and his children, Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia, the volume charts the choices made by the family and contextualizes them amid contemporary expectations and reactions. Extending beyond their deaths, it also investigates how the Borgias became emblems of anti-Catholic and anti-Spanish criticism in the later early modern period and their residing reputation as the best and worst of the Renaissance. Exploring a spectrum of traditional and modern media, The Borgia Family contextualizes both Borgia deeds and their modern representations to analyze the family’s continuing history and meaning in the twenty-first century. It will be of great interest to researchers and students working on interdisciplinary aspects of the Renaissance and early modern Italy.