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Toxicology In Antiquity

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Toxicology in Antiquity

Toxicology in Antiquity Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-22
ISBN : 0128153407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicology in Antiquity provides an authoritative and fascinating exploration into the use of toxins and poisons in antiquity. It brings together the two previously published shorter volumes on the topic, as well as adding considerable new information. Part of the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series, it covers key accomplishments, scientists, and events in the broad field of toxicology, including environmental health and chemical safety. This first volume sets the tone for the series and starts at the very beginning, historically speaking, with a look at toxicology in ancient times. The book explains that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe substances from hazardous ones, how to avoid these hazardous substances, and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. It also describes scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents. New chapters in this edition focus chiefly on evidence for the use of toxic agents derived from religious texts. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways previous civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Explores the way famous historical figures used toxins New chapters focus on evidence of the use of toxins derived from religious texts

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health Book
Author : Philip Wexler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-05-22
ISBN : 0128004630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicology in Antiquity is the first in a series of short format works covering key accomplishments, scientists, and events in the broad field of toxicology, including environmental health and chemical safety. This first volume sets the tone for the series and starts at the very beginning, historically speaking, with a look at toxicology in ancient times. The book explains that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe substances from hazardous ones, how to avoid these hazardous substances, and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. It also describes scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways ancient civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Details scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health Book
Author : Philip Wexler
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780128000458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicology in Antiquity is the first in a series of short format works covering key accomplishments, scientists, and events in the broad field of toxicology, including environmental health and chemical safety. This first volume sets the tone for the series and starts at the very beginning, historically speaking, with a look at toxicology in ancient times. The book explains that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe substances from hazardous ones, how to avoid these hazardous substances, and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. It also describes scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways ancient civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Details scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health Book
Author : Philip Wexler
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download History of Toxicology and Environmental Health book written by Philip Wexler, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health

History of Toxicology and Environmental Health Book
Author : Philip Wexler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-09-18
ISBN : 0128016345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume, Toxicology in Antiquity II, continues to tell the story of the roots of toxicology in ancient times. Readers learn that before scientific research methods were developed, toxicology thrived as a very practical discipline. Toxicologists are particularly proud of the rich and storied history of their field and there are few resources available that cover the discipline from a historical perspective. People living in ancient civilizations readily learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid these hazardous substances and how to use them to inflict harm on enemies. Volume II explores the use of poison as weapons in war and assassinations, early instances of air pollution, the use of hallucinogens and entheogens, and the role of the snake in ancient toxicology. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways ancient civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid the hazardous substances and how to use them against enemies Details scholars who compiled compendia of toxic agents

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Book
Author : Philip Wexler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-03-13
ISBN : 0128095598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance provides an authoritative and fascinating exploration into the use of toxins and poisons in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Part of the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series, this volume is a follow-up, chronologically, to the first two volumes which explored toxicology in antiquity. The book approximately covers the 1100s through the 1600s, delving into different aspects of toxicology, such as the contributions of scientific scholars of the time, sensational poisoners and poisoning cases, as well as myths. Historical figures, such as the Borgias and Catherine de Medici are discussed. Toxicologists, students, medical researchers, and those interested in the history of science will find insightful and relevant material in this volume. Provides the historical background for understanding modern toxicology Illustrates the ways previous civilizations learned to distinguish safe from hazardous substances, how to avoid them, and how to use them against enemies Explores the way famous historical figures used toxins

Pharmacy and Drug Lore in Antiquity

Pharmacy and Drug Lore in Antiquity Book
Author : John Scarborough
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9780754659549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Professor Scarborough brings together here fourteen of his essays on ancient drugs and pharmacy, concerned with aspects of a pharmacology and medical botany that incorporate magic, astrology, and alchemy, as well as the expected theoretical constructs of elements, qualities, and humors. Particular studies deal with Hippocrates, toxicology as revealed in the work of Nicander of Colophon, and Roman medicine, while the collection concludes with two studies that explicate early Byzantine pharmacology and how garden lore in Byzantine times contributed to practical pharmacy.

Concrete Progress

Concrete Progress Book
Author : G. M. Idorn
Publisher : Thomas Telford
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780727726315
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concrete progress deals with the technology that made concrete the most widely used building material in the world in the course of the past hundred years, and the most indispensable for the global socio-economic development in the new millennium. It offers an insight into many people's dedicated, exploratory concrete research, and into strategic planning and management of research and its transfer to engineering practice. This book is introduced by retrospectively highlighting the international history of concrete technology and uses.

The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology

The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-20
ISBN : 0128136987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology uses a chronological approach to demonstrate how the use of alternative methods has evolved from their conception as adjuncts to traditional animal toxicity tests to replacements for them. This volume in the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series explores the history of alternative test development, validation, and use, with an emphasis on humanity and good science, in line with the Three Rs (Replacement,Reduction, Refinement) concept expounded by William Russell and Rex Burch in 1959 in their now classic volume, The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. The book describes the historical development of technologies that have influenced the application of alternatives in toxicology and safety testing. These range from single cell monocultures to sophisticated, miniaturised and microfluidic organism-on-a-chip devices, and also include molecular modelling, chemoinformatics and QSAR analysis, and the use of stem cells, tissue engineering and hollow fibre bioreactors. This has been facilitated by the wider availability of human tissues, advances in tissue culture, analytical and diagnostic methods, increases in computational processing, capabilities, and a greater understanding of cell biology and molecular mechanisms of toxicity. These technological developments have enhanced the range and information content of the toxicity endpoints detected, and therefore the relevance of test systems and data interpretation, while new techniques for non-invasive diagnostic imaging and high resolution detection methods have permitted an increased role for human studies. Several key examples of how these technologies are being harnessed to meet 21st century safety assessment challenges are provided, including their deployment in integrated testing schemes in conjunction with kinetic modelling, and in specialized areas, such as inhalation toxicity studies. The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology uses a chronological approach to demonstrate how the use of alternative methods has evolved from their conception as adjuncts to traditional animal toxicity tests to replacements for them. This volume in the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series explores the history of alternative test development, validation, and use, with an emphasis on humanity and good science, in line with the Three Rs (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement) concept expounded by William Russell and Rex Burch in 1959 in their now-classic volume, The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. The book describes the historical development of technologies that have influenced the application of alternatives in toxicology and safety testing. These range from single cell monocultures to sophisticated miniaturised and microfluidic organism-on-a-chip devices, and also include molecular modelling, chemoinformatics and QSAR analysis, and the use of stem cells, tissue engineering and hollow fibre bioreactors. This has been facilitated by the wider availability of human tissues, advances in tissue culture, analytical and diagnostic methods, increases in computational processing capabilities, and a greater understanding of cell biology and molecular mechanisms of toxicity. These technological developments have enhanced the range and information content of the toxicity endpoints detected, and therefore the relevance of test systems and data interpretation, while new techniques for non-invasive diagnostic imaging and high resolution detection methods have permitted an increased role for human studies. Several key examples of how these technologies are being harnessed to meet 21st century safety assessment challenges are provided, including their deployment in integrated testing schemes in conjunction with kinetic modelling, and in specialised areas, such as inhalation toxicity studies.

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology Book
Author : Alan Woolf
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-13
ISBN : 0128222190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology describes the extraordinary advances in the practice of clinical toxicology within the past 70 years and brings together stories of the people – the champions of clinical toxicology - who contributed to these advances, discovered new therapies and antidotes, and made change happen. This book lays out the poison control system they built and the fascinating story of how they created a new and evolving medical specialty. With the participation of renowned international experts as authors, the book showcases the development of poison control centers around the world and the growth of the professional societies that represent and support them today. This book also tells the stories of the modern-day toxic disasters and recent toxic exposures that gained worldwide attention and notoriety. It outlines the public health responses to such calamities which have led to improvements in our understanding of the science and changes in public health policies and regulations to forestall future such events. Finally, the book covers key policies and agencies affecting poison control centers, addresses the challenges facing clinical toxicologists of today, and predicts advances and future innovations in the field. History of Modern Clinical Toxicology is a unique resource that provides the historical and international perspective that will help students, practitioners, scientists, and health policy makers put current issues and methods in perspective. It will help them understand how infrastructure and processes in clinical toxicology have evolved and why poison control systems are configured as they are. Offers descriptions of the key regulatory advances affecting clinical toxicology Provides synopses of modern-day poisoning disasters Outlines the development of modern antidotes and future directions in clinical toxicology Describes the origins and development of the U.S. poison control system Includes the origins and features of professional clinical toxicology societies from around the world Includes descriptions of the history of clinical toxicology and poison control in more than 35 countries

Mastery and Uses of Fire in Antiquity

Mastery and Uses of Fire in Antiquity Book
Author : J. E. Rehder
Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780773520677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unusual study, written by an engineer with expertise in industrial research and pyrotechnology, combines archaeological investigation with technical instruction to examine the scientific and chemical processes which resulted in the ancient furnace. The scope of the book is comprehensive and includes the successes and failures of over 10,000 years of history. Subjects include the use of fuels according to the products made, temperature control, deforestation and the smelting and use of copper and iron. This useful reference work contains varying amounts of technical language, with most jargon confined to the more detailed appendices, in order to make the subject matter more available to a wider readership.

Veterinary Zootoxicology

Veterinary Zootoxicology Book
Author : Murray E. Fowler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 1351094432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Only clinically oriented volume devoted to poisonous animals and venoms. Veterinary Zootoxicology provides an excellent overview of the state of the art in venom research. Clinical problems encountered in the United States are emphasized, but situations that occur in other areas of the world are examined as well. The book describes clinical syndromes caused by poisonous animals and provides facts, techniques, methodologies, and regimens designed to improve the clinical management of animals envenomated by other animals. Veterinary Zootoxicology is ideal for practicing veterinarians, students, instructors, wildlife biologists, and others who must know how to evaluate, diagnose, and treat envenomated animals.

An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Toxicology

An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Toxicology Book
Author : Carey N. Pope,Jing Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02
ISBN : 0128136022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Toxicology: From Molecules to Man integrates the various aspects of toxicology, from "simple" molecular systems, to complex human communities, with expertise from a spectrum of interacting disciplines. Chapters are written by specialists within a given subject, such as a chemical engineer, nutritional scientist, or a microbiologist, so subjects are clearly explained and discussed within the toxicology context. Many chapters are comparative across species so that students in ecotoxicology learn mammalian toxicology and vice versa. Specific citations, further reading, study questions, and other learning features are also included. The book allows students to concurrently learn concepts in both biomedical and environmental toxicology fields, thus better equipping them for the many career opportunities toxicology provides. This book will also be useful to those wishing to reference how disciplines interact within the broad field of toxicology.

Lu s Basic Toxicology

Lu s Basic Toxicology Book
Author : Byung-Mu Lee,Sam Kacew,Hyung Sik Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-06
ISBN : 1315391686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuing a long tradition, Lu’s Basic Toxicology, Seventh Edition, combines relatively comprehensive coverage of toxic substances in food, air, and water with brevity, thereby continuing to serve as an updated introductory text for toxicology students and for those involved in allied sciences that require a background in toxicology. The new edition, which now becomes an edited work with contributions from experts around the globe, features four new chapters and a number of existing chapters that have been updated and expanded, notably those on mechanisms of toxic effects, conventional toxicity studies, the cardiovascular system, and risk assessment and regulatory toxicology. The book consists of four parts (Part I–Part IV) that provide guidance on principles of toxicology and testing procedures for toxicities as well as a concise, yet detailed, mechanism of both target organ and nontarget organ toxicities. The book is rounded off with a final section (Part IV) on the toxic effects of chemicals and risk assessment, giving toxicologists, both students and practicing professionals, the necessary tools to enhance their practice. This edition includes new chapters on Clinical Toxicology, Systems Toxicology, Chemicals and Children, and Toxicology of Reproductive Systems, providing the essentials of these topics in the same style as the other chapters in the book. With separate subject and chemical indexes, this is a useful, quick shelf reference for everyone working in toxicology today.

History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology

History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology Book
Author : Sol Bobst
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-20
ISBN : 0128095431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

History of Risk Assessment in Toxicology guides the reader through the historical narrative of the evolution of risk assessment thinking in human and environmental practices. Risk assessment concepts are used in many different professional practice areas. In the health and environmental practices of risk assessment, the critical issue is often what chemical concentration in air, water, food, or a solid substance is acceptable, or considered not to result in any adverse effect. The book reviews examples from early scientific and health studies to showcase the foundations of risk assessment. The book also explores the development of risk assessment as practiced by major regulatory bodies such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reveal how risk assessment has evolved in the 20th and 21st centuries. Modern technology has created opportunities in silicon in vitro, computational modeling, omics, and big data techniques to assess the toxicity of chemicals, while traditional approaches to risk assessment are being challenged with new and innovative approaches. Finally, current issues being debated and tested in risk assessment are outlined with possible future avenues suggested. Presents the first dedicated history on the evolution of risk assessment in toxicology Reviews the development of major US and EU regulatory bodies Provides a context to current debates surrounding the future of risk assessment Reviews examples from early scientific and health studies to showcase the foundations of risk assessment

Casarett Doull s Toxicology The Basic Science of Poisons Ninth Edition

Casarett   Doull s Toxicology  The Basic Science of Poisons  Ninth Edition Book
Author : Curtis D. Klaassen
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2018-11-23
ISBN : 1259863751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicology’s gold-standard text - completely updated to reflect the latest breakthroughs and discoveries Casarett & Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, Ninth Edition equips you with an unsurpassed understanding of modern toxicology, including the key principles, concepts, mechanisms, chemical-specific toxicity, and modes of thought that are the foundation of the discipline. This trusted classic not only delivers a comprehensive review of the essential components of toxicology, it offers the most up-to-date, revealing, and in-depth look at the systemic responses of toxic substance available anywhere. Casarett & Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, Ninth Edition is logically divided into seven sections:•General Principles of Toxicology•Disposition of Toxicants•Non-Organ Directed Toxicity•Target Organ Toxicity•Toxic Agents•Environmental Toxicology•Applications of Toxicology Many new contributors capture the progress made in toxicology over the past few years:This edition is markedly updated from the previous edition, with more than one-third of the chapters authored by scientists who have not made previous contributions to the book. Sharing their expertise, they deliver dynamic new coverage of the importance of apoptosis, autophagy, cytokines, growth factors, oncogenes, cell cycling, receptors, gene regulation, protective mechanisms, repair mechanisms, transcription factors, signaling pathways, transgenic mice, knock-out mice, humanized mice, polymorphisms, microarray technology, second-generation sequencing, genomics, proteomics, epigenetics, exposome, microbiota, read across, adverse outcome pathways, high-content screening, computational toxicology, innovative test methods, and organ-on-a-chip in understanding the mechanisms of toxicity and the regulation of chemicals. A true “essential”If you are in need of an up-to-date, all-in-one overview of the biomedical and environmental aspects of toxicology - written by experts, and presented in full color, your search ends here.

Veterinary Toxicology

Veterinary Toxicology Book
Author : Kumar M. Vijay
Publisher : New India Publishing
Release : 2009-01-16
ISBN : 9788190723749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Veterinary Toxicology, in recent years, has acquired greater importance than ever before because of increasing and indiscriminate use of farm chemicals and drugs accompanied by rapid degrading impact of environmental pollution on health of animals. The indiscriminate feeding habits of domestic animals especially in developing countries make them more prone to the impact of natural toxicants especially Phytotoxins and Mycotoxins. Toxicology has been recognized as a separate discipline in veterinary sciences both at undergraduate and post graduate levels for the last four decades and a lot of emphasis has been given on its teaching, research and practical utility from clinical point of view. The book has been prepared in a most comprehensive manner with up-to date reference which offers invaluable, clinically oriented guidance on numerous potentially toxic substances. In addition, to covering traditional and non-traditional areas of toxicology it provides a wealth of quick reference charts and tables that put vital information at your finger tips in seconds

Friends and Partners

Friends and Partners Book
Author : David W. Rose
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-03-10
ISBN : 0128036141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Friends and Partners: The Legacy of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Basil O’Connor in the History of Polio presents the story of two men, one the President of the United States, the other an ambitious attorney, who became the "architects of the fight against polio." With unfettered access to the March of Dimes Archives, this book explores the friendship and partnership that ensured the end of polio in the US, with exclusive pictures and documentation. The book describes the founding and history of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s (FDR) polio colony in Warm Springs, Georgia, and the early years of the March of Dimes as established by FDR in 1938 as the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. Other little-known aspects of the partnership are also included, such as O’Connor’s participation in FDR’s "Brain Trust," the President’s birthday ball fundraisers during the Great Depression, the March of Dimes during World War II, and O’Connor’s simultaneous leadership of the American Red Cross. Finally, the book explores, in detail, how O’Connor used the legacy of FDR after his death in 1945 to promote the philosophy of "freedom from disease" to achieve the goal of ending polio through the March of Dimes. Friends and Partners: The Legacy of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Basil O’Connor in the History of Polio will appeal to researchers, students, and policy makers in public health and medicine as well as all those interested in learning more about this pivotal period in history. Presents the story of two men, one the President of the United States, the other an ambitious attorney, who became the architects of the fight against polio Draws upon the March of Dimes archive to provide information exclusive to this publication Constitutes the first biography of public health hero Basil O’Connor Provides historical insights into the development of philanthropy in conjunction with major public health initiatives

Ecosocial Theory Embodied Truths and the People s Health

Ecosocial Theory  Embodied Truths  and the People s Health Book
Author : Nancy Krieger
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0197510728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Embodying Injustice to Embodying Equity: Embodied Truths and the Ecosocial Theory of Disease Distribution -- Embodying (In)justice and Embodied Truths: Using Ecosocial Theory to Analyze Population Health Data -- Challenges: Embodied Truths, Vision, and Advancing Health Justice.

Textiles of Late Antiquity

Textiles of Late Antiquity Book
Author : Annemarie Stauffer
Publisher : Metropolitan Museum of Art
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0870997688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Textiles of Late Antiquity book written by Annemarie Stauffer, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.