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Toxicology Disasters

Toxicology Disasters Book
Author : Sue Ford
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2023-02-15
ISBN : 9780128206874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxicology Disasters: Cause and Consequences, a volume in the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series, provides an historical overview of significant toxicological disasters which involved chemical exposure of humans, animals or the environment. The book documents the timeline of events and the legacy of the resulting exposure which occurred within a specific period of time, but with long lasting consequences. Case studies of toxicological incidents and a wide range of categories, including environmental, industrial, pharmaceutical, domestic and international are not only discussed from a historical perspective but also regarding their impacted toxicology, regulation and our current use of these chemicals. The book will help toxicologists, academics and students from environmental health and toxicology departments, environmental/occupational health regulators, and industrial hygiene/safety personnel gain a better understanding of the arc of a toxicological disaster from its origins, root causes of the problem, and initial and long-term assessments and management. Organizes historical overviews of each disaster into specific categories (ex. environmental, industrial, pharmaceutical, domestic, and international) for easy reference Takes a "soup to nuts” approach when discussing toxicological incidents, from origins and causes to ultimate health and/or regulatory consequences Provides detailed explanations on how these disasters impacted the toxicology field and fueled regulatory decisions

Ecosystems and Human Health

Ecosystems and Human Health Book
Author : Richard B. Philp
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-03-27
ISBN : 146656721X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the second edition of this text was published, many new environmental incidents have occurred, including another nuclear disaster, a mine disaster in the United States, and the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Updated throughout the text, Ecosystems and Human Health: Toxicology and Environmental Hazards, Third Edition explores the broad range of environmental and human health aspects of chemical and biological hazards—from natural toxins and disasters to man-made pollutants and environmental crises. The book begins with the basic principles of pharmacology and toxicology, risk analysis, and air, water, and soil pollution. It then examines various toxicants and hazards, such as airborne hazards, halogenated hydrocarbons, metals, and organic solvents. Chapters also discuss food additives and contaminants, pesticides, hormone disrupters, radiation hazards, and natural environmental hazards such as venomous and toxic animals. The text reviews the Chernobyl nuclear crisis and the Walkerton drinking water tragedy, as well as other disasters, assessing some of their long-term effects, now that sufficient time has elapsed since their occurrence. With updates in every chapter, this third edition contains significant expansion of information on the genetics of chemical carcinogenesis, global warming, food additives, invasive species in the Great Lakes, nuclear accidents, and more. The book describes how chemical toxins and biological hazards can impact the environment and the people who live in it. The author presents numerous examples of the relationship between ecosystem health and human health. He emphasizes the need to consider the environmental impact of human activities and includes many real-world examples and new case studies.

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology Book
Author : Alan Woolf
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-15
ISBN : 9780128222188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology describe the extraordinary advances in the practice of clinical toxicology within the past 70 years and bring together stories of the people - the champions of clinical toxicology - who contributed to these advances, discovered new therapies and antidotes, and made change happen. This book lays out the poison control system they built and the fascinating story of how they created a new and evolving medical specialty. This book also tells the stories of the modern-day toxic disasters - public health responses to which have led to improvements in our understanding of the science and changes in public health policies and regulations to forestall future such events as well as recent toxic exposures that gained worldwide attention and notoriety. Finally, the book covers key policies and agencies, addresses the challenges facing clinical toxicologists of today, and predicts advances and future innovations in the field. History of Modern Clinical Toxicology is a unique resource that provides the historical and international perspective that will help practitioners put current issues and methods in perspective and understand how infrastructure and processes have evolved and why current systems are configured as they are. Offers descriptions of key regulatory advances affecting clinical toxicology Provides synopses of modern-day poisoning disasters Outlines the development of modern antidotes and future directions in clinical toxicology

Small Animal Toxicology

Small Animal Toxicology Book
Author : Michael Edward Peterson,Patricia A. Talcott
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 0721606393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diagnose and determine treatment for toxic exposures in small animals with this quick reference! Small Animal Toxicology, 3rd Edition covers hundreds of potentially toxic substances, providing the information you need to manage emergency treatment and prevent poisonings in companion animals. To help you identify an unknown poison, this guide provides a list of potential toxins based on clinical signs or symptoms. It also includes a NEW color insert with 85 full-color photographs of toxic plants and of lesions associated with various poisonings. Written by respected veterinarian Michael E. Peterson and board-certified veterinary toxicologist Patricia A. Talcott, along with a team of expert contributors, this edition covers a wide variety of topics including toxicodynamics, toxicokinetics, effective history taking, recognizing clinical signs of toxic exposures, managing emergencies, and supportive care of the poisoned patient. Comprehensive coverage of toxins/poisons includes the full range of substances from acetaminophen to zinc, including home products, prescription medicines, recreational drugs, and more. Guidelines to evaluation, diagnosis and treatment include examinations of the source, toxic dose, toxicokinetics, clinical signs, minimum database, confirming tests, treatment progress and differential diagnosis for each specific toxicant. Coverage of common poisonous substances includes grapes and raisins, nicotine, mercury, mushrooms, Christmas-time plants, and snake and spider venoms. Toxicological Concepts section provides information on toxicologic principles such as history taking, providing supportive care, and managing emergency treatment. General Exposures section addresses nontraditional toxicology such as indoor environmental air, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and toxicities in pregnant and lactating animals. Miscellaneous Toxicant Groups section covers commonly encountered specific toxicants, the proper use of diagnostic laboratories, use of human poison control centers, and antidotes for specific toxins. More than 50 international contributors provide up-to-date, authoritative advice on treating poisonings and intoxications. 8 NEW chapters cover topics including legal considerations in toxicology cases, responding to mass exposures, and poisonings in birds, small mammals, and geriatric patients. NEW color insert shows 85 of the most commonly encountered toxic substances for at-a-glance identification. UPDATED Signs and Symptoms index makes it easier to find information on a toxic agent by presenting signs rather than requiring the formulation of a diagnosis. UPDATED information on agents most likely to cause a toxic reaction includes natural flea products and an expanded section on human medications. NEW quick-access format with bold headings and convenient tables and boxes allows quick retrieval of information in emergency situations.

Unraveling Environmental Disasters

Unraveling Environmental Disasters Book
Author : Daniel A. Vallero,Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123970261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unraveling Environmental Disasters provides scientific explanations of the most threatening current and future environmental disasters, including an analysis of ways that the disaster could have been prevented and how the risk of similar disasters can be minimized in the future. Treats disasters as complex systems. Provides predictions based upon sound science, such as what the buildup of certain radiant gases in the troposphere will do, or what will happen if current transoceanic crude oil transport continues. Considers the impact of human systems on environmental disasters.

APC Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

APC Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Book
Author : Anil Aggrawal
Publisher : Avichal Publishing Company
Release : 2021-10-20
ISBN : 817739441X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology is an abridged version of the Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. The book comprises chapters on thanatology, deaths from other causes, forensic psychiatry, forensic science, corrosive poisons, irritant poisons, and poisons acting on the brain and spinal cord. In addition, the book consists of several diagrams and illustrations to help understand the concepts better. This book is essential for forensic scientists.

APC Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Avichal Publishing Company

APC Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology   Avichal Publishing Company Book
Author : Anil Aggrawal
Publisher : Avichal Publishing Company
Release : 2021-10-20
ISBN : 8177394193
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology is a comprehensive book for undergraduate students of Forensic sciences. The book comprises chapters on thanatology, deaths from other causes, forensic psychiatry, forensic science, corrosive poisons, irritant poisons, and poisons acting on the brain and spinal cord. In addition, the book consists of several diagrams and illustrations to help understand the concepts better. This book is essential for forensic scientists.

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology Book
Author : Alan Woolf
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-13
ISBN : 0128222190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

History of Modern Clinical Toxicology describes the extraordinary advances in the practice of clinical toxicology within the past 70 years and brings together stories of the people – the champions of clinical toxicology - who contributed to these advances, discovered new therapies and antidotes, and made change happen. This book lays out the poison control system they built and the fascinating story of how they created a new and evolving medical specialty. With the participation of renowned international experts as authors, the book showcases the development of poison control centers around the world and the growth of the professional societies that represent and support them today. This book also tells the stories of the modern-day toxic disasters and recent toxic exposures that gained worldwide attention and notoriety. It outlines the public health responses to such calamities which have led to improvements in our understanding of the science and changes in public health policies and regulations to forestall future such events. Finally, the book covers key policies and agencies affecting poison control centers, addresses the challenges facing clinical toxicologists of today, and predicts advances and future innovations in the field. History of Modern Clinical Toxicology is a unique resource that provides the historical and international perspective that will help students, practitioners, scientists, and health policy makers put current issues and methods in perspective. It will help them understand how infrastructure and processes in clinical toxicology have evolved and why poison control systems are configured as they are. Offers descriptions of the key regulatory advances affecting clinical toxicology Provides synopses of modern-day poisoning disasters Outlines the development of modern antidotes and future directions in clinical toxicology Describes the origins and development of the U.S. poison control system Includes the origins and features of professional clinical toxicology societies from around the world Includes descriptions of the history of clinical toxicology and poison control in more than 35 countries

The Long Road to Recovery

The Long Road to Recovery Book
Author : Université des Nations Unies,United Nations University
Publisher : United Nations Univ
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covers reaction to Minamata disease; Centralia mine fire; Seveso; Bhopal; Iran-Iraq war: Chernobyl; Exxon Valdez oil spill.

Psychological Factors Affecting Health After Toxicological Disasters

Psychological Factors Affecting Health After Toxicological Disasters Book
Author : Johan M. Havenaar,Wim van den Brink
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Psychological Factors Affecting Health After Toxicological Disasters book written by Johan M. Havenaar,Wim van den Brink, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Psychological Factors Affecting Health After Toxicological Disasters

Psychological Factors Affecting Health After Toxicological Disasters Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Psychological Factors Affecting Health After Toxicological Disasters book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecosystems and Human Health 3rd Edition

Ecosystems and Human Health  3rd Edition Book
Author : Richard Philp
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the second edition of this text was published, many new environmental incidents have occurred, including another nuclear disaster, a mine disaster in the United States, and the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Updated throughout the text, Ecosystems and Human Health: Toxicology and Environmental Hazards, Third Edition explores the broad range of environmental and human health aspects of chemical and biological hazards--from natural toxins and disasters to man-made pollutants and environmental crises. The book begins with the basic principles of pharmacology and toxicology, risk analysis, and air, water, and soil pollution. It then examines various toxicants and hazards, such as airborne hazards, halogenated hydrocarbons, metals, and organic solvents. Chapters also discuss food additives and contaminants, pesticides, hormone disrupters, radiation hazards, and natural environmental hazards such as venomous and toxic animals. The text reviews the Chernobyl nuclear crisis and the Walkerton drinking water tragedy, as well as other disasters, assessing some of their long-term effects, now that sufficient time has elapsed since their occurrence. With updates in every chapter, this third edition contains significant expansion of information on the genetics of chemical carcinogenesis, global warming, food additives, invasive species in the Great Lakes, nuclear accidents, and more. The book describes how chemical toxins and biological hazards can impact the environment and the people who live in it. The author presents numerous examples of the relationship between ecosystem health and human health. He emphasizes the need to consider the environmental impact of human activities and includes many real-world examples and new case studies.

Toxicology Principles for the Industrial Hygienist

Toxicology Principles for the Industrial Hygienist Book
Author : William E. Luttrell,Warren W. Jederberg,Kenneth R. Still
Publisher : AIHA
Release : 2008-01
ISBN : 1931504881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focuses on the applications of toxicology principles to the practice of industrial hygiene, using case studies as examples.

An Introduction to Toxicology

An Introduction to Toxicology Book
Author : Philip C. Burcham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 144715553X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a readable introduction to modern toxicology with a particular focus on the mechanisms underlying the induction of toxicity by foreign substances. Since bioactivation is central to many toxic syndromes, special interest is devoted to chemicals that undergo conversion to toxic metabolites that induce toxic effects as diverse as cancer, birth defects and organ injury. The molecular consequences accompanying damage to cellular DNA and proteins is explored together with the relevance of toxicological paradigms to human diseases caused by alcohol and tobacco. The discipline of toxicology has developed rapidly since the thalidomide disaster in the 1960’s as scientists worldwide seek to understand the adverse health effects of human medicines, environmental pollutants, consumer chemicals and industrial reagents. An Introduction to Toxicology is intended to supplement the recommended reading list of undergraduate and graduate programs in toxicology and pharmacology as an enjoyable, accessible primer with illustrations that “unpack” the concepts being discussed in the text. ​

Toxicology Survival and Health Hazards of Combustion Products

Toxicology  Survival and Health Hazards of Combustion Products Book
Author : David A. Purser,Robert L. Maynard,James C. Wakefield
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-10-16
ISBN : 1849737487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fires are a common source of exposure to smoke and a range of toxicologically active chemicals. Providing a complete overview of the subject, this book provides comprehensive and detailed information on combustion processes, estimation of rate of production of combustion products, dispersion of these products and their effects on health. Beginning with a chapter discussing the chemistry of combustion and detailing the mechanisms of burning, how different materials ignite and the nature of combustion products, the book goes on to examine specific combustion products in detail, the toxicity and carcinogenicity of the products, their dispersion and methods of monitoring. With diverse coverage edited and authored by recognised experts in the field, this book will provide an essential text for those working in toxicology, combustion science, public health and environmental research.

New Compounds in Biological and Chemical Warfare

New Compounds in Biological and Chemical Warfare Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Compounds in Biological and Chemical Warfare book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Toxicology of Air Pollutants

Toxicology of Air Pollutants Book
Author : Ghazala Yaqub,Amber Fatima
Publisher : Delve Publishing
Release : 2017-11
ISBN : 9781773612874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Air pollution is broad term applied to chemical, physical or any other agent that modifies the natural characteristics of our atmosphere. The atmosphere is advanced and dynamic natural gaseous system that is necessary to support life on earth. World has faced many air pollution disasters as the skies over Donora, a city of Pennsylvania, turned black in 1948. This severe darkness last for five days straight. Town and its residents were surrounded by dangerous clouds of carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide as well as metallic dust pollution. This huge black cloud was due to the hazardous pollution from a nearby steel plant as well as zinc smelter in the valley. This also causes a "burning sensation" to the throat, nose as well as the eyes of local residents in the town and the residents also suffered too many other health problems. This disaster leads to the death of 20 people as well. The numbers were worse in different parts of the world, especially developing countries, where air pollution leads to 4-7 million premature deaths. The air pollution disaster of Bhopal India took thousands of live and its effects still occurs even after decades. It is the time when people around the world realized the need to take the problem of air pollution seriously. With time different sources of air pollution were highlighted. Finally in 21st century the issue of air pollution especially the toxicology of air pollutants has been given full consideration and has been adopted as challenge. The toxicology which is related to various air pollutants has already been evolved since last 60 years of attention. Customarily it is thought that it is all about exposure--dose--effect as an important optimal model but advancements in the science of toxicology have suggested that the complication of interactions may also occur at the biological domains, for instance, the loss of compensation as well as sensitization to consequent challenges with the same or another toxicant or perhaps just a nonspecific stressor whose threshold of response may have been lowered. In spite of, the future air pollution toxicologist will need to adopt conventional as well as cutting-edge technology as a tool in order to introduce novel and sustainable study designs capable of dissecting the complexity of the biological system itself as well, as that of the air pollution in all its diverse forms. Inhalation of such toxic air pollutants can enhance chances of facing health problems. This book contains 14 chapters which deal with the Toxicology of Air Pollutants in detail including their sources, their effects on health and environment, other effects, laws, rules and regulation as well as measures that may be taken.

Toxicity and Risk

Toxicity and Risk Book
Author : H Paul A Illing
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-09-20
ISBN : 020346804X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Humans are constantly, and increasingly, exposed to chemicals - some naturally occurring and some manufactured. Exposure to some of these chemicals, or to large amounts of them, can bring risks to human health and the environment. Toxicity and Risk sets out the political, social, legal and scientific basis of risk assessment and risk management. Ta

Encyclopedia of Terrorist Natural and Man made Disasters

Encyclopedia of Terrorist  Natural  and Man made Disasters Book
Author : Michael I. Greenberg
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780763737825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Terrorist, Natural, and Man-Made Disasters is the first and only reference compiling all major toxicological incidents, both man-made and environmental in nature. Many of the man-made incidents resulting from occupational or industrial accidents have also led to environmental contamination, illness, and death for a great number of victims. Now for the first time, these occurrences with hazardous material are documented in a single index -- Encyclopedia of Terrorist, Natural, and Man-Made Disasters. An ideal resource for emergency physicians, EMS professionals, public health professionals, and toxicologists, this encyclopedia describes incidents that can be traced through history. Each event has been researched and reference citations are included. With over 1200 entries, the entire encyclopedia can be searched by source, date, or type of disaster! Book includes a CD-ROM!

Information Resources in Toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology Book
Author : Steve Gilbert,Asish Mohapatra,Sol Bobst,Antoinette Hayes,Sara T. Humes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-16
ISBN : 0128137258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new fifth edition of Information Resources in Toxicology offers a consolidated entry portal for the study, research, and practice of toxicology. Both volumes represents a unique, wide-ranging, curated, international, annotated bibliography, and directory of major resources in toxicology and allied fields such as environmental and occupational health, chemical safety, and risk assessment. The editors and authors are among the leaders of the profession sharing their cumulative wisdom in toxicology’s subdisciplines. This edition keeps pace with the digital world in directing and linking readers to relevant websites and other online tools. Due to the increasing size of the hardcopy publication, the current edition has been divided into two volumes to make it easier to handle and consult. Volume 1: Background, Resources, and Tools, arranged in 5 parts, begins with chapters on the science of toxicology, its history, and informatics framework in Part 1. Part 2 continues with chapters organized by more specific subject such as cancer, clinical toxicology, genetic toxicology, etc. The categorization of chapters by resource format, for example, journals and newsletters, technical reports, organizations constitutes Part 3. Part 4 further considers toxicology’s presence via the Internet, databases, and software tools. Among the miscellaneous topics in the concluding Part 5 are laws and regulations, professional education, grants and funding, and patents. Volume 2: The Global Arena offers contributed chapters focusing on the toxicology contributions of over 40 countries, followed by a glossary of toxicological terms and an appendix of popular quotations related to the field. The book, offered in both print and electronic formats, is carefully structured, indexed, and cross-referenced to enable users to easily find answers to their questions or serendipitously locate useful knowledge they were not originally aware they needed. Among the many timely topics receiving increased emphasis are disaster preparedness, nanotechnology, -omics, risk assessment, societal implications such as ethics and the precautionary principle, climate change, and children’s environmental health. Introductory chapters provide a backdrop to the science of toxicology, its history, the origin and status of toxicoinformatics, and starting points for identifying resources. Offers an extensive array of chapters organized by subject, each highlighting resources such as journals, databases,organizations, and review articles. Includes chapters with an emphasis on format such as government reports, general interest publications, blogs, and audiovisuals. Explores recent internet trends, web-based databases, and software tools in a section on the online environment. Concludes with a miscellany of special topics such as laws and regulations, chemical hazard communication resources, careers and professional education, K-12 resources, funding, poison control centers, and patents. Paired with Volume Two, which focuses on global resources, this set offers the most comprehensive compendium of print, digital, and organizational resources in the toxicological sciences with over 120 chapters contributions by experts and leaders in the field.