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Toxicity Of Building Materials

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Toxicity of Building Materials

Toxicity of Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,Aleksandra Fucic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-08-13
ISBN : 0857096354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health. Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions. Beginning with an overview of the material types and potential health hazards presented by building materials, the book goes on to consider key plastic materials. Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds, are then explored in depth, before a review of wood preservatives and mineral fibre-based building materials. Issues related to the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning are the focus of subsequent chapters, followed by discussion of the range of heavy metals, materials prone to mould growth, and antimicrobials. Finally, Toxicity of building materials concludes by considering the potential hazards posed by waste based/recycled building materials, and the toxicity of nanoparticles. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Toxicity of building materials is an invaluable tool for all civil engineers, materials researchers, scientists and educators working in the field of building materials. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Later chapters focus on issues surrounding the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal,Said Jalali
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-31
ISBN : 9780857298928
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials provides essential reading about materials for the construction industry in the twenty-first century. It covers the latest findings in the field, especially the toxicity aspects, embodied energy, construction and demolition wastes, the use of wastes in concrete, masonry units, materials reinforced with vegetable fibres, earth construction, the durability aspects, and also the importance of nanotechnology to the development of more environmentally-friendly materials. Based on more than nine hundred references, Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials is of fundamental importance to academics, engineers and architects who are dedicated to the creation of a greener and more holistic construction industry.

New York State Building Materials Finishes Fire Gas Toxicity Data File Directory of Products Filed Under Article 15 Part 1120 of the Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code

New York State Building Materials   Finishes   Fire Gas Toxicity Data File  Directory of Products Filed Under Article 15 Part 1120 of the Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code Book
Author : New York Standards and Fire Information Network
Publisher :
Release : 1988
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Some second year (pipe, duct and thermal insulation) and third year (interior finish) products also are included. Products filed after September 26, 1988 are not listed. An updated version of this directory, covering both first and second year products, will be issued in April, 1989. Subsequent editions will be published as needed.

Building Materials

Building Materials Book
Author : Kathleen Hess-Kosa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-04-07
ISBN : 131535408X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The construction industry is bombarded with ever-changing building materials—components of which are more and more difficult, if not impossible, to identify. Building material emissions have been implicated as a major source of indoor air pollution, and toxic gases, often unidentified, are generated in building fires. Building Materials: Product Emission and Combustion Health Hazards undertakes the task of identifying building materials emission and combustion health hazards. This practical guide introduces the complex world of polymers commonly used in building materials along with plasticizers and additives that are not regulated by OSHA. It also explores the topic of building materials as they relate to function and their emissions/combustion products along with thermal decomposition and combustion products as they relate to fire first responders. Engaging environmental professionals, construction management firms, architects, first respondents, and students, this valuable reference delivers a comprehensive spectrum of knowledge needed to face the challenges of managing building materials in the twenty-first century. Awareness is the first line of defense!

Ecology of Building Materials

Ecology of Building Materials Book
Author : Bjørn Berge
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2007-08-22
ISBN : 1136409130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As both a practising architect and a researcher, Berge introduces us authoritatively to issues such as using raw materials from renewable sources, and the possibilities of designing and manufacturing reusable building materials. The alternatives to modern building materials are outlined and discussed from an ecological perspective. In a time when environmental labelling is becoming increasingly popular and the producers of building materials are urged to be more environmentally aware, it is obviously important that we are acquainted with these alternatives. Important issues discussed in this book include: Can raw materials from non-renewable sources be replaced with raw materials from widely available or non-depletable sources? Can environmentally friendly chemicals replace environmentally damaging ones? Can the make-up of building materials be altered so that individual components can be re-used? A clear interpretation of complicated Life Cycle Analysis issues and vital guidance are given to specifiers confronted with a plethora of manufacturers' environmental claims.

Combustion Toxicology

Combustion Toxicology Book
Author : Shayne C. Gad,Harold L. Kaplan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1990-10-02
ISBN : 9781439805329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combustion toxicology is a recent, applied science, the ultimate purpose of which is to reduce casualties from smoke inhalation. The present volume attempts an unbiased presentation of the state of the field. The authors have identified the misconceptions and unsupported conclusions in the literature, differentiating between fact and hypothesis and present the reader with an account of what is really known about the toxicity of smoke produced by materials. They also recommend an approach to evaluating the toxicity of combustion products.

Building Materials for the Environmentally Hypersensitive

Building Materials for the Environmentally Hypersensitive Book
Author : Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Publisher : CMHC
Release : 1995
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Building Materials for the Environmentally Hypersensitive was prepared to help individuals and builders select building materials that have minimal negative effects on the health of environmentally hypersensitive occupants. The materials included arethose typically used in residential construction in cold climates. Two kinds of information were used in evaluating the materials: 1) known or published information about the products; and 2) the experiences of hypersensitive individuals with these materials. The responses of hypersensitive individuals to the building materials were used as an indicator of how these materials affect the environmentally hypersensitive"--

New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring

New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring Book
Author : Guido Persoone,Colin Janssen,Wim De Coen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000-05-31
ISBN : 9780306464065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This special volume is the output of the `International Symposium on New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring - Development - Applications - Cost-effectiveness' which was organized in June 1998 in Brno, Czech Republic. It comprises 60 original and peer-reviewed papers selected from over 100 oral and poster presentations given during this meeting by scientists from many countries worldwide. Features: Latest overview and state of the art of microscale bioassays with special emphasis on their application in various domains of environmental contamination; Reviews on toxicity testing with microbiotests in a regulatory framework; Description and application of microbiotests with lethal and sublethal test criteria, and of their sensitivity in comparison with conventional bioassays; Detailed reports on investigations with small-scale toxicity tests on natural waters, wastes, contaminated air, soils and sediments, specific chemicals and biotoxins; Application of new microbiotests for mutagenicity and genotoxicity screening; Critical evaluation of the potential of specific microbiotests as alternatives to conventional toxicity tests.

Fire Toxicity of Plastics

Fire Toxicity of Plastics Book
Author : Rapra Technology Limited
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9780902348448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Building Materials

Green Building Materials Book
Author : Ross Spiegel,Dru Meadows
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-10-19
ISBN : 9780470880555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To properly select and specify green building materials, architects need advice on how to select and use nontoxic, recycled, and recyclable products, and how to integrate these products into the design process in order to capitalize on their many practical and economic advantages. This fully updated new edition is a reliable, up-to-date resource for professionals and students alike. Written by two nationally known experts on green building methods and materials, Green Building Materials, Third Edition offers in-depth, practical information on the product selection, product specification, and construction process. This new Third Edition is an excellent hands-on guide to today's newest range of green building materials- what they are, where to find them, how to use them effectively, and how to address LEED requirements. Organized by CSI MasterFormat® categories for fast access to specific information.

Advances in Combustion Toxicology

Advances in Combustion Toxicology Book
Author : Gordon E. Hartzell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1992-03-18
ISBN : 9780877628866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes advances in the thinking of experts in the field of combustion toxicology through 1991. It emphasizes contributions due to the efforts of the working groups of ISO/TCQ2/SC3, along with presentation of the most up-to-date strategy for minimizing the risk of toxic hazards in fires.

Architecture

Architecture Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 1984
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fiber Reinforced Polymer FRP Composites for Infrastructure Applications

Fiber Reinforced Polymer  FRP  Composites for Infrastructure Applications Book
Author : Ravi Jain,Luke Lee
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-02
ISBN : 9400723571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines current issues of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in civil infrastructure. The contents of this book are divided into two parts. The first part engages topics related to durability and service life of FRP composites and how they contribute to sustainability. The second part highlights implementation and applications of the FRP composites with an emphasis on bridge structures. An introductory chapter provides an overview of FRP composites and its role in a sustainable built environment highlighting the issues of durability and service life followed by a current review of sustainability in infrastructure design.​

Green Building Illustrated

Green Building Illustrated Book
Author : Francis D. K. Ching,Ian M. Shapiro
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-04-08
ISBN : 1118878612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“Green Building Illustrated is a must-read for students and professionals in the building industry. The combination of incredibly expressive illustrations and accessible technical writing make concepts of green building on paper as intuitive as they would be if you toured a space with experts in sustainable building.” —Rick Fedrizzi, President, CEO, and Founding Chair of the U.S. Green Building Council “The authors of Green Building Illustrated deliver clear and intelligent text, augmented by straightforward but compelling illustrations describing green building basics. This comprehensive book covers everything from the definition of green building, to details of high performance design, to sensible applications of renewable energy. This is a book with appeal for all architects and designers, because it addresses general principles such as holistic and integrated design, along with practical realities like affordability and energy codes. Green Building Illustrated describes a pathway for reaching Architecture 2030’s carbon emission reduction targets for the built environment.”—Ed Mazria, founder of Architecture 2030 “...a neophyte will have a very good overview of all the factors involved in green building. I see some excellent pedagogy at work!” — Jim Gunshinan, Editor, Home Energy Magazine Francis D.K. Ching brings his signature graphic style to the topic of sustainable design In the tradition of the classic Building Construction Illustrated, Francis D.K. Ching and Ian M. Shapiro offer a graphical presentation to the theory, practices, and complexities of sustainable design using an approach that proceeds methodically. From the outside to the inside of a building, they cover all aspects of sustainability, providing a framework and detailed strategies to design buildings that are substantively green. The book begins with an explanation of why we need to build green, the theories behind it and current rating systems before moving on to a comprehensive discussion of vital topics. These topics include site selection, passive design using building shape, water conservation, ventilation and air quality, heating and cooling, minimum-impact materials, and much more. Explains the fundamental issues of sustainable design and construction in a beautifully illustrated format Illustrated by legendary author, architect, and draftsman Francis D.K. Ching, with text by recognized engineer and researcher Ian M. Shapiro Ideal for architects, engineers, and builders, as well as students in these fields Sure to be the standard reference on the subject for students, professionals, and anyone interested in sustainable design and construction of buildings, Green Building Illustrated is an informative, practical, and graphically beautiful resource.

Toxicity of Heavy Metals to Legumes and Bioremediation

Toxicity of Heavy Metals to Legumes and Bioremediation Book
Author : Almas Zaidi,Parvaze Ahmad Wani,Mohammad Saghir Khan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-03-21
ISBN : 3709107296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title discusses various effects of heavy metal exposure to legumes as well as the bioremediation potential of rhizosphere microbes. Availability of heavy metals, their uptake and the effects of metals on various signaling pathways within legumes are presented. Furthermore, the effects of heavy metals to nitrogen fixing microorganisms and how microsymbionts can overcome metal stress is presented in detail. The role of nitrogen fixers in decontamination of heavy metal toxicity, mycoremediation of metal contaminated soils, microbially mediated transformation of heavy metals and action of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and nitrogen fixers together in detoxifying heavy metals are broadly explained. This volume is a useful tool for scientists, policy makers and progressive legume growers intending to develop safe and healthy legumes for future generations.