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Topics In Parallel And Distributed Computing

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Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Sushil K Prasad,Anshul Gupta,Arnold L Rosenberg,Alan Sussman,Charles C Weems
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2015-09-16
ISBN : 0128039388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing provides resources and guidance for those learning PDC as well as those teaching students new to the discipline. The pervasiveness of computing devices containing multicore CPUs and GPUs, including home and office PCs, laptops, and mobile devices, is making even common users dependent on parallel processing. Certainly, it is no longer sufficient for even basic programmers to acquire only the traditional sequential programming skills. The preceding trends point to the need for imparting a broad-based skill set in PDC technology. However, the rapid changes in computing hardware platforms and devices, languages, supporting programming environments, and research advances, poses a challenge both for newcomers and seasoned computer scientists. This edited collection has been developed over the past several years in conjunction with the IEEE technical committee on parallel processing (TCPP), which held several workshops and discussions on learning parallel computing and integrating parallel concepts into courses throughout computer science curricula. Contributed and developed by the leading minds in parallel computing research and instruction Provides resources and guidance for those learning PDC as well as those teaching students new to the discipline Succinctly addresses a range of parallel and distributed computing topics Pedagogically designed to ensure understanding by experienced engineers and newcomers Developed over the past several years in conjunction with the IEEE technical committee on parallel processing (TCPP), which held several workshops and discussions on learning parallel computing and integrating parallel concepts

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Sushil K. Prasad,Anshul Gupta,Arnold L. Rosenberg,Charles C. Weems,Alan Sussman
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann Publishers
Release : 2015-08-21
ISBN : 9780128038994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing provides resources and guidance for those learning PDC as well as those teaching students new to the discipline. The pervasiveness of computing devices containing multicore CPUs and GPUs, including home and office PCs, laptops, and mobile devices, is making even common users dependent on parallel processing. Certainly, it is no longer sufficient for even basic programmers to acquire only the traditional sequential programming skills. The preceding trends point to the need for imparting a broad-based skill set in PDC technology. However, the rapid changes in computing hardware platforms and devices, languages, supporting programming environments, and research advances, poses a challenge both for newcomers and seasoned computer scientists. This edited collection has been developed over the past several years in conjunction with the IEEE technical committee on parallel processing (TCPP), which held several workshops and discussions on learning parallel computing and integrating parallel concepts into courses throughout computer science curricula. Contributed and developed by the leading minds in parallel computing research and instruction Provides resources and guidance for those learning PDC as well as those teaching students new to the discipline Succinctly addresses a range of parallel and distributed computing topics Pedagogically designed to ensure understanding by experienced engineers and newcomers Developed over the past several years in conjunction with the IEEE technical committee on parallel processing (TCPP), which held several workshops and discussions on learning parallel computing and integrating parallel concepts

Distributed Computing

Distributed Computing Book
Author : Hagit Attiya,Jennifer Welch
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-03-25
ISBN : 9780471453246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

* Comprehensive introduction to the fundamental results in the mathematical foundations of distributed computing * Accompanied by supporting material, such as lecture notes and solutions for selected exercises * Each chapter ends with bibliographical notes and a set of exercises * Covers the fundamental models, issues and techniques, and features some of the more advanced topics

Assignment Problems in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Assignment Problems in Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Shahid H. Bokhari
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461320038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book has been written for practitioners, researchers and stu dents in the fields of parallel and distributed computing. Its objective is to provide detailed coverage of the applications of graph theoretic tech niques to the problems of matching resources and requirements in multi ple computer systems. There has been considerable research in this area over the last decade and intense work continues even as this is being written. For the practitioner, this book serves as a rich source of solution techniques for problems that are routinely encountered in the real world. Algorithms are presented in sufficient detail to permit easy implementa tion; background material and fundamental concepts are covered in full. The researcher will find a clear exposition of graph theoretic tech niques applied to parallel and distributed computing. Research results are covered and many hitherto unpublished spanning the last decade results by the author are included. There are many unsolved problems in this field-it is hoped that this book will stimulate further research.

Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing

Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing Book
Author : David Padua
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-08
ISBN : 0387097651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Containing over 300 entries in an A-Z format, the Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing provides easy, intuitive access to relevant information for professionals and researchers seeking access to any aspect within the broad field of parallel computing. Topics for this comprehensive reference were selected, written, and peer-reviewed by an international pool of distinguished researchers in the field. The Encyclopedia is broad in scope, covering machine organization, programming languages, algorithms, and applications. Within each area, concepts, designs, and specific implementations are presented. The highly-structured essays in this work comprise synonyms, a definition and discussion of the topic, bibliographies, and links to related literature. Extensive cross-references to other entries within the Encyclopedia support efficient, user-friendly searchers for immediate access to useful information. Key concepts presented in the Encyclopedia of Parallel Computing include; laws and metrics; specific numerical and non-numerical algorithms; asynchronous algorithms; libraries of subroutines; benchmark suites; applications; sequential consistency and cache coherency; machine classes such as clusters, shared-memory multiprocessors, special-purpose machines and dataflow machines; specific machines such as Cray supercomputers, IBM’s cell processor and Intel’s multicore machines; race detection and auto parallelization; parallel programming languages, synchronization primitives, collective operations, message passing libraries, checkpointing, and operating systems. Topics covered: Speedup, Efficiency, Isoefficiency, Redundancy, Amdahls law, Computer Architecture Concepts, Parallel Machine Designs, Benmarks, Parallel Programming concepts & design, Algorithms, Parallel applications. This authoritative reference will be published in two formats: print and online. The online edition features hyperlinks to cross-references and to additional significant research. Related Subjects: supercomputing, high-performance computing, distributed computing

Distributed and Cloud Computing

Distributed and Cloud Computing Book
Author : Kai Hwang,Jack Dongarra,Geoffrey C. Fox
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2013-12-18
ISBN : 0128002042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed and Cloud Computing: From Parallel Processing to the Internet of Things offers complete coverage of modern distributed computing technology including clusters, the grid, service-oriented architecture, massively parallel processors, peer-to-peer networking, and cloud computing. It is the first modern, up-to-date distributed systems textbook; it explains how to create high-performance, scalable, reliable systems, exposing the design principles, architecture, and innovative applications of parallel, distributed, and cloud computing systems. Topics covered by this book include: facilitating management, debugging, migration, and disaster recovery through virtualization; clustered systems for research or ecommerce applications; designing systems as web services; and social networking systems using peer-to-peer computing. The principles of cloud computing are discussed using examples from open-source and commercial applications, along with case studies from the leading distributed computing vendors such as Amazon, Microsoft, and Google. Each chapter includes exercises and further reading, with lecture slides and more available online. This book will be ideal for students taking a distributed systems or distributed computing class, as well as for professional system designers and engineers looking for a reference to the latest distributed technologies including cloud, P2P and grid computing. Complete coverage of modern distributed computing technology including clusters, the grid, service-oriented architecture, massively parallel processors, peer-to-peer networking, and cloud computing Includes case studies from the leading distributed computing vendors: Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and more Explains how to use virtualization to facilitate management, debugging, migration, and disaster recovery Designed for undergraduate or graduate students taking a distributed systems course—each chapter includes exercises and further reading, with lecture slides and more available online

Cyber Security in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Cyber Security in Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Dac-Nhuong Le,Raghvendra Kumar,Brojo Kishore Mishra,Jyotir Moy Chatterjee,Manju Khari
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-04-16
ISBN : 1119488052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main objective of this book is to explore the concept of cybersecurity in parallel and distributed computing along with recent research developments in the field. It also includes various real-time/offline applications and case studies in the fields of engineering and computer science and the modern tools and technologies used. Information on cybersecurity technologies is organized in the fifteen chapters of this book. This important book cover subjects such as: Research and solutions for the problem of hidden image detection Security aspects of data mining and possible solution techniques A comparative analysis of various methods used in e-commerce security and how to perform secure payment transactions in an efficient manner Blockchain technology and how it is crucial to the security industry Security for the Internet of Things Security issues and challenges in distributed computing security such as heterogeneous computing, cloud computing, fog computing, etc. Demonstrates the administration task issue in unified cloud situations as a multi-target enhancement issue in light of security Explores the concepts of cybercrime and cybersecurity and presents the statistical impact it is having on organizations Highlights some strategies for maintaining the privacy, integrity, confidentiality and availability of cyber information and its real-world impacts such as mobile security software for secure email and online banking, cyber health check programs for business, cyber incident response management, cybersecurity risk management Security policies and mechanisms, various categories of attacks (e.g., denial-of-service), global security architecture, along with distribution of security mechanisms Security issues in the healthcare sector with existing solutions and emerging threats.

Models for Parallel and Distributed Computation

Models for Parallel and Distributed Computation Book
Author : R. Correa,Ines de Castro Dutra,Mario Fiallos,Luiz Fernando Gomes da Silva
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1475736096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parallel and distributed computation has been gaining a great lot of attention in the last decades. During this period, the advances attained in computing and communication technologies, and the reduction in the costs of those technolo gies, played a central role in the rapid growth of the interest in the use of parallel and distributed computation in a number of areas of engineering and sciences. Many actual applications have been successfully implemented in various plat forms varying from pure shared-memory to totally distributed models, passing through hybrid approaches such as distributed-shared memory architectures. Parallel and distributed computation differs from dassical sequential compu tation in some of the following major aspects: the number of processing units, independent local dock for each unit, the number of memory units, and the programming model. For representing this diversity, and depending on what level we are looking at the problem, researchers have proposed some models to abstract the main characteristics or parameters (physical components or logical mechanisms) of parallel computers. The problem of establishing a suitable model is to find a reasonable trade-off among simplicity, power of expression and universality. Then, be able to study and analyze more precisely the behavior of parallel applications.

Introduction to Parallel Computing

Introduction to Parallel Computing Book
Author : Roman Trobec,Boštjan Slivnik,Patricio Bulić,Borut Robič
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-27
ISBN : 3319988336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advancements in microprocessor architecture, interconnection technology, and software development have fueled rapid growth in parallel and distributed computing. However, this development is only of practical benefit if it is accompanied by progress in the design, analysis and programming of parallel algorithms. This concise textbook provides, in one place, three mainstream parallelization approaches, Open MPP, MPI and OpenCL, for multicore computers, interconnected computers and graphical processing units. An overview of practical parallel computing and principles will enable the reader to design efficient parallel programs for solving various computational problems on state-of-the-art personal computers and computing clusters. Topics covered range from parallel algorithms, programming tools, OpenMP, MPI and OpenCL, followed by experimental measurements of parallel programs’ run-times, and by engineering analysis of obtained results for improved parallel execution performances. Many examples and exercises support the exposition.

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Sushil K. Prasad,Anshul Gupta,Arnold Rosenberg,Alan Sussman,Charles Weems
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-29
ISBN : 3319931091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces beginning undergraduate students of computing and computational disciplines to modern parallel and distributed programming languages and environments, including map-reduce, general-purpose graphics processing units (GPUs), and graphical user interfaces (GUI) for mobile applications. The book also guides instructors via selected essays on what and how to introduce parallel and distributed computing topics into the undergraduate curricula, including quality criteria for parallel algorithms and programs, scalability, parallel performance, fault tolerance, and energy efficiency analysis. The chapters designed for students serve as supplemental textual material for early computing core courses, which students can use for learning and exercises. The illustrations, examples, and sequences of smaller steps to build larger concepts are also tools that could be inserted into existing instructor material. The chapters intended for instructors are written at a teaching level and serve as a rigorous reference to include learning goals, advice on presentation and use of the material, within early and advanced undergraduate courses. Since Parallel and Distributed Computing (PDC) now permeates most computing activities, imparting a broad-based skill set in PDC technology at various levels in the undergraduate educational fabric woven by Computer Science (CS) and Computer Engineering (CE) programs as well as related computational disciplines has become essential. This book and others in this series aim to address the need for lack of suitable textbook support for integrating PDC-related topics into undergraduate courses, especially in the early curriculum. The chapters are aligned with the curricular guidelines promulgated by the NSF/IEEE-TCPP Curriculum Initiative on Parallel and Distributed Computing for CS and CE students and with the CS2013 ACM/IEEE Computer Science Curricula.

Parallel and Distributed Computation Numerical Methods

Parallel and Distributed Computation  Numerical Methods Book
Author : Dimitri Bertsekas,John Tsitsiklis
Publisher : Athena Scientific
Release : 2015-03-01
ISBN : 1886529159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This highly acclaimed work, first published by Prentice Hall in 1989, is a comprehensive and theoretically sound treatment of parallel and distributed numerical methods. It focuses on algorithms that are naturally suited for massive parallelization, and it explores the fundamental convergence, rate of convergence, communication, and synchronization issues associated with such algorithms. This is an extensive book, which aside from its focus on parallel and distributed algorithms, contains a wealth of material on a broad variety of computation and optimization topics. It is an excellent supplement to several of our other books, including Convex Optimization Algorithms (Athena Scientific, 2015), Nonlinear Programming (Athena Scientific, 1999), Dynamic Programming and Optimal Control (Athena Scientific, 2012), Neuro-Dynamic Programming (Athena Scientific, 1996), and Network Optimization (Athena Scientific, 1998). The on-line edition of the book contains a 95-page solutions manual.

Introduction to Parallel Computing

Introduction to Parallel Computing Book
Author : Zbigniew J. Czech
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-01-11
ISBN : 1107174392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive guide for students and practitioners to parallel computing models, processes, metrics, and implementation in MPI and OpenMP.

Parallel and Distributed Computing

Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Claudia Leopold
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An all-inclusive survey of the fundamentals of parallel and distributed computing. The use of parallel and distributed computing has increased dramatically over the past few years, giving rise to a variety of projects, implementations, and buzzwords surrounding the subject. Although the areas of parallel and distributed computing have traditionally evolved separately, these models have overlapping goals and characteristics. Parallel and Distributed Computing surveys the models and paradigms in this converging area of parallel and distributed computing and considers the diverse approaches within a common text. Covering a comprehensive set of models and paradigms, the material also skims lightly over more specific details and serves as both an introduction and a survey. Novice readers will be able to quickly grasp a balanced overview with the review of central concepts, problems, and ideas, while the more experienced researcher will appreciate the specific comparisons between models, the coherency of the parallel and distributed computing field, and the discussion of less well-known proposals. Other topics covered include: * Data parallelism * Shared-memory programming * Message passing * Client/server computing * Code mobility * Coordination, object-oriented, high-level, and abstract models * And much more Parallel and Distributed Computing is a perfect tool for students and can be used as a foundation for parallel and distributed computing courses. Application developers will find this book helpful to get an overview before choosing a particular programming style to study in depth, and researchers and programmers will appreciate the wealth of information concerning the various areas of parallel and distributed computing.

Parallel Computing Technology Trends

Parallel Computing  Technology Trends Book
Author : I. Foster,G.R. Joubert,L. Kučera
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2020-03-25
ISBN : 1643680714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The year 2019 marked four decades of cluster computing, a history that began in 1979 when the first cluster systems using Components Off The Shelf (COTS) became operational. This achievement resulted in a rapidly growing interest in affordable parallel computing for solving compute intensive and large scale problems. It also directly lead to the founding of the Parco conference series. Starting in 1983, the International Conference on Parallel Computing, ParCo, has long been a leading venue for discussions of important developments, applications, and future trends in cluster computing, parallel computing, and high-performance computing. ParCo2019, held in Prague, Czech Republic, from 10 – 13 September 2019, was no exception. Its papers, invited talks, and specialized mini-symposia addressed cutting-edge topics in computer architectures, programming methods for specialized devices such as field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and graphical processing units (GPUs), innovative applications of parallel computers, approaches to reproducibility in parallel computations, and other relevant areas. This book presents the proceedings of ParCo2019, with the goal of making the many fascinating topics discussed at the meeting accessible to a broader audience. The proceedings contains 57 contributions in total, all of which have been peer-reviewed after their presentation. These papers give a wide ranging overview of the current status of research, developments, and applications in parallel computing.

Parallel Programming

Parallel Programming Book
Author : Thomas Rauber,Gudula Rünger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-13
ISBN : 3642378013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovations in hardware architecture, like hyper-threading or multicore processors, mean that parallel computing resources are available for inexpensive desktop computers. In only a few years, many standard software products will be based on concepts of parallel programming implemented on such hardware, and the range of applications will be much broader than that of scientific computing, up to now the main application area for parallel computing. Rauber and Rünger take up these recent developments in processor architecture by giving detailed descriptions of parallel programming techniques that are necessary for developing efficient programs for multicore processors as well as for parallel cluster systems and supercomputers. Their book is structured in three main parts, covering all areas of parallel computing: the architecture of parallel systems, parallel programming models and environments, and the implementation of efficient application algorithms. The emphasis lies on parallel programming techniques needed for different architectures. For this second edition, all chapters have been carefully revised. The chapter on architecture of parallel systems has been updated considerably, with a greater emphasis on the architecture of multicore systems and adding new material on the latest developments in computer architecture. Lastly, a completely new chapter on general-purpose GPUs and the corresponding programming techniques has been added. The main goal of the book is to present parallel programming techniques that can be used in many situations for a broad range of application areas and which enable the reader to develop correct and efficient parallel programs. Many examples and exercises are provided to show how to apply the techniques. The book can be used as both a textbook for students and a reference book for professionals. The material presented has been used for courses in parallel programming at different universities for many years.

Solutions to Parallel and Distributed Computing Problems

Solutions to Parallel and Distributed Computing Problems Book
Author : Albert Y. Zomaya,Fikret Ercal,Stephan Olariu
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 2000-11-14
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solving problems in parallel and distributed computing through the use of bioinspired techniques. Recent years have seen a surge of interest in computational methods patterned after natural phenomena, with biologically inspired techniques such as fuzzy logic, neural networks, simulated annealing, genetic algorithms, or evolutionary computer models increasingly being harnessed for problem solving in parallel and distributed computing. Solutions to Parallel and Distributed Computing Problems presents a comprehensive review of the state of the art in the field, providing researchers and practitioners with critical information on the use of bio-inspired techniques for improving software and hardware design in high-performance computing. Through contributions from top leaders in the field, this important book brings together current research results, exploring some of the most intriguing and cutting-edge topics from the world of biocomputing, including: Parallel and distributed computing of cellular automata and evolutionary algorithms How the speedup of bio-inspired algorithms will help their applicability in a wide range of problems Solving problems in parallel simulation through such techniques as simulated annealing algorithms and genetic algorithms Techniques for solving scheduling and load-balancing problems in parallel and distributed computers Applying neural networks for problem solving in wireless communication systems

Distributed and Parallel Systems

Distributed and Parallel Systems Book
Author : Peter Kacsuk,Robert Lovas,Zsolt Nemeth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-07
ISBN : 0387794484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

DAPSYS (International Conference on Distributed and Parallel Systems) is an international biannual conference series dedicated to all aspects of distributed and parallel computing. DAPSYS 2008, the 7th International Conference on Distributed and Parallel Systems was held in September 2008 in Hungary. Distributed and Parallel Systems: Desktop Grid Computing, based on DAPSYS 2008, presents original research, novel concepts and methods, and outstanding results. Contributors investigate parallel and distributed techniques, algorithms, models and applications; present innovative software tools, environments and middleware; focus on various aspects of grid computing; and introduce novel methods for development, deployment, testing and evaluation. This volume features a special focus on desktop grid computing as well. Designed for a professional audience composed of practitioners and researchers in industry, this book is also suitable for advanced-level students in computer science.

Algorithms and Parallel Computing

Algorithms and Parallel Computing Book
Author : Fayez Gebali
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-29
ISBN : 9780470934630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a software gap between the hardware potential and the performance that can be attained using today's software parallel program development tools. The tools need manual intervention by the programmer to parallelize the code. Programming a parallel computer requires closely studying the target algorithm or application, more so than in the traditional sequential programming we have all learned. The programmer must be aware of the communication and data dependencies of the algorithm or application. This book provides the techniques to explore the possible ways to program a parallel computer for a given application.

Recent Progress in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Recent Progress in Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Wen-Jyi Hwang
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-07-19
ISBN : 9535133152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parallel and distributed computing has been one of the most active areas of research in recent years. The techniques involved have found significant applications in areas as diverse as engineering, management, natural sciences, and social sciences. This book reports state-of-the-art topics and advances in this emerging field. Completely up-to-date, aspects it examines include the following: 1) Social networks; 2) Smart grids; 3) Graphic processing unit computation; 4) Distributed software development tools; 5) Analytic hierarchy process and the analytic network process

Parallel Computing

Parallel Computing Book
Author : Roman Trobec,Marián Vajteršic,Peter Zinterhof
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-18
ISBN : 1848824092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of parallel programming and architectures is essential for simulating and solving problems in modern computational practice. There has been rapid progress in microprocessor architecture, interconnection technology and software devel- ment, which are in?uencing directly the rapid growth of parallel and distributed computing. However, in order to make these bene?ts usable in practice, this dev- opment must be accompanied by progress in the design, analysis and application aspects of parallel algorithms. In particular, new approaches from parallel num- ics are important for solving complex computational problems on parallel and/or distributed systems. The contributions to this book are focused on topics most concerned in the trends of today’s parallel computing. These range from parallel algorithmics, progr- ming, tools, network computing to future parallel computing. Particular attention is paid to parallel numerics: linear algebra, differential equations, numerical integ- tion, number theory and their applications in computer simulations, which together form the kernel of the monograph. We expect that the book will be of interest to scientists working on parallel computing, doctoral students, teachers, engineers and mathematicians dealing with numerical applications and computer simulations of natural phenomena.