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Topics In Parallel And Distributed Computing

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Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Sushil K. Prasad,Anshul Gupta,Arnold Rosenberg,Alan Sussman,Charles Weems
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-29
ISBN : 3319931091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces beginning undergraduate students of computing and computational disciplines to modern parallel and distributed programming languages and environments, including map-reduce, general-purpose graphics processing units (GPUs), and graphical user interfaces (GUI) for mobile applications. The book also guides instructors via selected essays on what and how to introduce parallel and distributed computing topics into the undergraduate curricula, including quality criteria for parallel algorithms and programs, scalability, parallel performance, fault tolerance, and energy efficiency analysis. The chapters designed for students serve as supplemental textual material for early computing core courses, which students can use for learning and exercises. The illustrations, examples, and sequences of smaller steps to build larger concepts are also tools that could be inserted into existing instructor material. The chapters intended for instructors are written at a teaching level and serve as a rigorous reference to include learning goals, advice on presentation and use of the material, within early and advanced undergraduate courses. Since Parallel and Distributed Computing (PDC) now permeates most computing activities, imparting a broad-based skill set in PDC technology at various levels in the undergraduate educational fabric woven by Computer Science (CS) and Computer Engineering (CE) programs as well as related computational disciplines has become essential. This book and others in this series aim to address the need for lack of suitable textbook support for integrating PDC-related topics into undergraduate courses, especially in the early curriculum. The chapters are aligned with the curricular guidelines promulgated by the NSF/IEEE-TCPP Curriculum Initiative on Parallel and Distributed Computing for CS and CE students and with the CS2013 ACM/IEEE Computer Science Curricula.

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Sushil K Prasad,Anshul Gupta,Arnold L Rosenberg,Alan Sussman,Charles C Weems
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2015-09-16
ISBN : 0128039388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing provides resources and guidance for those learning PDC as well as those teaching students new to the discipline. The pervasiveness of computing devices containing multicore CPUs and GPUs, including home and office PCs, laptops, and mobile devices, is making even common users dependent on parallel processing. Certainly, it is no longer sufficient for even basic programmers to acquire only the traditional sequential programming skills. The preceding trends point to the need for imparting a broad-based skill set in PDC technology. However, the rapid changes in computing hardware platforms and devices, languages, supporting programming environments, and research advances, poses a challenge both for newcomers and seasoned computer scientists. This edited collection has been developed over the past several years in conjunction with the IEEE technical committee on parallel processing (TCPP), which held several workshops and discussions on learning parallel computing and integrating parallel concepts into courses throughout computer science curricula. Contributed and developed by the leading minds in parallel computing research and instruction Provides resources and guidance for those learning PDC as well as those teaching students new to the discipline Succinctly addresses a range of parallel and distributed computing topics Pedagogically designed to ensure understanding by experienced engineers and newcomers Developed over the past several years in conjunction with the IEEE technical committee on parallel processing (TCPP), which held several workshops and discussions on learning parallel computing and integrating parallel concepts

Parallel and Distributed Computing

Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Claudia Leopold
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An all-inclusive survey of the fundamentals of parallel and distributed computing. The use of parallel and distributed computing has increased dramatically over the past few years, giving rise to a variety of projects, implementations, and buzzwords surrounding the subject. Although the areas of parallel and distributed computing have traditionally evolved separately, these models have overlapping goals and characteristics. Parallel and Distributed Computing surveys the models and paradigms in this converging area of parallel and distributed computing and considers the diverse approaches within a common text. Covering a comprehensive set of models and paradigms, the material also skims lightly over more specific details and serves as both an introduction and a survey. Novice readers will be able to quickly grasp a balanced overview with the review of central concepts, problems, and ideas, while the more experienced researcher will appreciate the specific comparisons between models, the coherency of the parallel and distributed computing field, and the discussion of less well-known proposals. Other topics covered include: * Data parallelism * Shared-memory programming * Message passing * Client/server computing * Code mobility * Coordination, object-oriented, high-level, and abstract models * And much more Parallel and Distributed Computing is a perfect tool for students and can be used as a foundation for parallel and distributed computing courses. Application developers will find this book helpful to get an overview before choosing a particular programming style to study in depth, and researchers and programmers will appreciate the wealth of information concerning the various areas of parallel and distributed computing.

Parallel and Distributed Computing Applications and Technologies

Parallel and Distributed Computing  Applications and Technologies Book
Author : Kim-Meow Liew,Hong Shen,Simon See,Wentong Cai,Pingzhi Fan,Susumu Horiguchi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-12-02
ISBN : 3540240136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Applications and Technologies; PDCAT 2004, held in Singapore in December 2004. The 173 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 242 submissions. The papers focus on parallel and distributed computing from the perspectives of algorithms, networking and architecture, software systems and technologies, and applications. Besides classical topics from high performance computing, major recent developments are addressed, such as molecular computing, date mining, knowledge discovery, optical networks, secure computing and communications, wireless networks, mobile computing, component-based systems, Internet computing, and Web Technologies.

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Topics in Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Sushil K. Prasad,Anshul Gupta,Arnold Rosenberg,Alan Sussman,Charles Weems
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-24
ISBN : 9783319931081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces beginning undergraduate students of computing and computational disciplines to modern parallel and distributed programming languages and environments, including map-reduce, general-purpose graphics processing units (GPUs), and graphical user interfaces (GUI) for mobile applications. The book also guides instructors via selected essays on what and how to introduce parallel and distributed computing topics into the undergraduate curricula, including quality criteria for parallel algorithms and programs, scalability, parallel performance, fault tolerance, and energy efficiency analysis. The chapters designed for students serve as supplemental textual material for early computing core courses, which students can use for learning and exercises. The illustrations, examples, and sequences of smaller steps to build larger concepts are also tools that could be inserted into existing instructor material. The chapters intended for instructors are written at a teaching level and serve as a rigorous reference to include learning goals, advice on presentation and use of the material, within early and advanced undergraduate courses. Since Parallel and Distributed Computing (PDC) now permeates most computing activities, imparting a broad-based skill set in PDC technology at various levels in the undergraduate educational fabric woven by Computer Science (CS) and Computer Engineering (CE) programs as well as related computational disciplines has become essential. This book and others in this series aim to address the need for lack of suitable textbook support for integrating PDC-related topics into undergraduate courses, especially in the early curriculum. The chapters are aligned with the curricular guidelines promulgated by the NSF/IEEE-TCPP Curriculum Initiative on Parallel and Distributed Computing for CS and CE students and with the CS2013 ACM/IEEE Computer Science Curricula.

Handbook on Parallel and Distributed Processing

Handbook on Parallel and Distributed Processing Book
Author : Jacek Blazewicz,Klaus Ecker,Brigitte Plateau,Denis Trystram
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662043033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here, authors from academia and practice provide practitioners, scientists and graduates with basic methods and paradigms, as well as important issues and trends across the spectrum of parallel and distributed processing. In particular, they cover such fundamental topics as efficient parallel algorithms, languages for parallel processing, parallel operating systems, architecture of parallel and distributed systems, management of resources, tools for parallel computing, parallel database systems and multimedia object servers, as well as the relevant networking aspects. A chapter is dedicated to each of parallel and distributed scientific computing, high-performance computing in molecular sciences, and multimedia applications for parallel and distributed systems.

Patterns and Skeletons for Parallel and Distributed Computing

Patterns and Skeletons for Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Fethi Rabhi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9781852335069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A significant proportion of computer software can now be labelled as parallel and distributed applications (i.e., a system of several independent software components cooperating in a common purpose, such as WWW applications). This book has 2 key objectives - to summarise key research work in high-level parallel and distributed computing over the past ten years and to highlight cutting edge techniques. It is also the first book to demonstrate the link between 2 key topics - skeletons and design patterns.

Solutions to Parallel and Distributed Computing Problems

Solutions to Parallel and Distributed Computing Problems Book
Author : Albert Y. Zomaya,Fikret Ercal,Stephan Olariu
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 2000-11-14
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solving problems in parallel and distributed computing through the use of bioinspired techniques. Recent years have seen a surge of interest in computational methods patterned after natural phenomena, with biologically inspired techniques such as fuzzy logic, neural networks, simulated annealing, genetic algorithms, or evolutionary computer models increasingly being harnessed for problem solving in parallel and distributed computing. Solutions to Parallel and Distributed Computing Problems presents a comprehensive review of the state of the art in the field, providing researchers and practitioners with critical information on the use of bio-inspired techniques for improving software and hardware design in high-performance computing. Through contributions from top leaders in the field, this important book brings together current research results, exploring some of the most intriguing and cutting-edge topics from the world of biocomputing, including: Parallel and distributed computing of cellular automata and evolutionary algorithms How the speedup of bio-inspired algorithms will help their applicability in a wide range of problems Solving problems in parallel simulation through such techniques as simulated annealing algorithms and genetic algorithms Techniques for solving scheduling and load-balancing problems in parallel and distributed computers Applying neural networks for problem solving in wireless communication systems

Parallel and Distributed Computing

Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Alberto Ros
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2010-01-01
ISBN : 9533070579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 14 chapters presented in this book cover a wide variety of representative works ranging from hardware design to application development. Particularly, the topics that are addressed are programmable and reconfigurable devices and systems, dependability of GPUs (General Purpose Units), network topologies, cache coherence protocols, resource allocation, scheduling algorithms, peertopeer networks, largescale network simulation, and parallel routines and algorithms. In this way, the articles included in this book constitute an excellent reference for engineers and researchers who have particular interests in each of these topics in parallel and distributed computing.

Introduction to Parallel Computing

Introduction to Parallel Computing Book
Author : Roman Trobec,Boštjan Slivnik,Patricio Bulić,Borut Robič
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-27
ISBN : 3319988336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advancements in microprocessor architecture, interconnection technology, and software development have fueled rapid growth in parallel and distributed computing. However, this development is only of practical benefit if it is accompanied by progress in the design, analysis and programming of parallel algorithms. This concise textbook provides, in one place, three mainstream parallelization approaches, Open MPP, MPI and OpenCL, for multicore computers, interconnected computers and graphical processing units. An overview of practical parallel computing and principles will enable the reader to design efficient parallel programs for solving various computational problems on state-of-the-art personal computers and computing clusters. Topics covered range from parallel algorithms, programming tools, OpenMP, MPI and OpenCL, followed by experimental measurements of parallel programs’ run-times, and by engineering analysis of obtained results for improved parallel execution performances. Many examples and exercises support the exposition.

Large Scale Network Centric Distributed Systems

Large Scale Network Centric Distributed Systems Book
Author : Hamid Sarbazi-Azad,Albert Y. Zomaya
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-10
ISBN : 1118714822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A highly accessible reference offering a broad range of topics and insights on large scale network-centric distributed systems Evolving from the fields of high-performance computing and networking, large scale network-centric distributed systems continues to grow as one of the most important topics in computing and communication and many interdisciplinary areas. Dealing with both wired and wireless networks, this book focuses on the design and performance issues of such systems. Large Scale Network-Centric Distributed Systems provides in-depth coverage ranging from ground-level hardware issues (such as buffer organization, router delay, and flow control) to the high-level issues immediately concerning application or system users (including parallel programming, middleware, and OS support for such computing systems). Arranged in five parts, it explains and analyzes complex topics to an unprecedented degree: Part 1: Multicore and Many-Core (Mc) Systems-on-Chip Part 2: Pervasive/Ubiquitous Computing and Peer-to-Peer Systems Part 3: Wireless/Mobile Networks Part 4: Grid and Cloud Computing Part 5: Other Topics Related to Network-Centric Computing and Its Applications Large Scale Network-Centric Distributed Systems is an incredibly useful resource for practitioners, postgraduate students, postdocs, and researchers.

Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing

Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing Book
Author : Guojun Wang,Albert Zomaya,Gregorio Martinez,Kenli Li
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-16
ISBN : 3319271407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This four volume set LNCS 9528, 9529, 9530 and 9531 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing, ICA3PP 2015, held in Zhangjiajie, China, in November 2015. The 219 revised full papers presented together with 77 workshop papers in these four volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from 807 submissions (602 full papers and 205 workshop papers). The first volume comprises the following topics: parallel and distributed architectures; distributed and network-based computing and internet of things and cyber-physical-social computing. The second volume comprises topics such as big data and its applications and parallel and distributed algorithms. The topics of the third volume are: applications of parallel and distributed computing and service dependability and security in distributed and parallel systems. The covered topics of the fourth volume are: software systems and programming models and performance modeling and evaluation.

Distributed Computing

Distributed Computing Book
Author : Hagit Attiya,Jennifer Welch
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-03-25
ISBN : 9780471453246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

* Comprehensive introduction to the fundamental results in the mathematical foundations of distributed computing * Accompanied by supporting material, such as lecture notes and solutions for selected exercises * Each chapter ends with bibliographical notes and a set of exercises * Covers the fundamental models, issues and techniques, and features some of the more advanced topics

Parallel Computing

Parallel Computing Book
Author : Roman Trobec,Marián Vajteršic,Peter Zinterhof
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-18
ISBN : 1848824092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of parallel programming and architectures is essential for simulating and solving problems in modern computational practice. There has been rapid progress in microprocessor architecture, interconnection technology and software devel- ment, which are in?uencing directly the rapid growth of parallel and distributed computing. However, in order to make these bene?ts usable in practice, this dev- opment must be accompanied by progress in the design, analysis and application aspects of parallel algorithms. In particular, new approaches from parallel num- ics are important for solving complex computational problems on parallel and/or distributed systems. The contributions to this book are focused on topics most concerned in the trends of today’s parallel computing. These range from parallel algorithmics, progr- ming, tools, network computing to future parallel computing. Particular attention is paid to parallel numerics: linear algebra, differential equations, numerical integ- tion, number theory and their applications in computer simulations, which together form the kernel of the monograph. We expect that the book will be of interest to scientists working on parallel computing, doctoral students, teachers, engineers and mathematicians dealing with numerical applications and computer simulations of natural phenomena.

Parallel and Distributed Computing

Parallel and Distributed Computing Book
Author : Alberto Ros
Publisher : IntechOpen
Release : 2010-01-01
ISBN : 9789533070575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 14 chapters presented in this book cover a wide variety of representative works ranging from hardware design to application development. Particularly, the topics that are addressed are programmable and reconfigurable devices and systems, dependability of GPUs (General Purpose Units), network topologies, cache coherence protocols, resource allocation, scheduling algorithms, peertopeer networks, largescale network simulation, and parallel routines and algorithms. In this way, the articles included in this book constitute an excellent reference for engineers and researchers who have particular interests in each of these topics in parallel and distributed computing.

Distributed and Parallel Systems

Distributed and Parallel Systems Book
Author : Zoltan Juhasz,Peter Kacsuk,Dieter Kranzlmuller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-12-31
ISBN : 0387230963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

DAPSY (Austrian-Hungarian Workshop on Distributed and Parallel Systems) is an international conference series with biannual events dedicated to all aspects of distributed and parallel computing. DAPSY started under a different name in 1992 (Sopron, Hungary) as regional meeting of Austrian and Hungarian researchers focusing on transputer-related parallel computing; a hot research topic of that time. A second workshop followed in 1994 (Budapest, Hungary). As transputers became history, the scope of the workshop widened to include parallel and distributed systems in general and the 1st DAPSYS in 1996 (Miskolc, Hungary) reflected the results of these changes. Distributed and Parallel Systems: Cluster and Grid Computing is an edited volume based on DAPSYS, 2004, the 5th Austrian-Hungarian Workshop on Distributed and Parallel Systems. The workshop was held in conjunction with EuroPVM/MPI-2004, Budapest, Hungary September 19-22, 2004.

Distributed and Parallel Systems

Distributed and Parallel Systems Book
Author : Péter Kacsuk,Gabriele Kotsis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461544890
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed and Parallel Systems: From Instruction Parallelism to Cluster Computing is the proceedings of the third Austrian-Hungarian Workshop on Distributed and Parallel Systems organized jointly by the Austrian Computer Society and the MTA SZTAKI Computer and Automation Research Institute. This book contains 18 full papers and 12 short papers from 14 countries around the world, including Japan, Korea and Brazil. The paper sessions cover a broad range of research topics in the area of parallel and distributed systems, including software development environments, performance evaluation, architectures, languages, algorithms, web and cluster computing. This volume will be useful to researchers and scholars interested in all areas related to parallel and distributed computing systems.

Distributed and Cloud Computing

Distributed and Cloud Computing Book
Author : Kai Hwang,Jack Dongarra,Geoffrey C. Fox
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2013-12-18
ISBN : 0128002042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed and Cloud Computing: From Parallel Processing to the Internet of Things offers complete coverage of modern distributed computing technology including clusters, the grid, service-oriented architecture, massively parallel processors, peer-to-peer networking, and cloud computing. It is the first modern, up-to-date distributed systems textbook; it explains how to create high-performance, scalable, reliable systems, exposing the design principles, architecture, and innovative applications of parallel, distributed, and cloud computing systems. Topics covered by this book include: facilitating management, debugging, migration, and disaster recovery through virtualization; clustered systems for research or ecommerce applications; designing systems as web services; and social networking systems using peer-to-peer computing. The principles of cloud computing are discussed using examples from open-source and commercial applications, along with case studies from the leading distributed computing vendors such as Amazon, Microsoft, and Google. Each chapter includes exercises and further reading, with lecture slides and more available online. This book will be ideal for students taking a distributed systems or distributed computing class, as well as for professional system designers and engineers looking for a reference to the latest distributed technologies including cloud, P2P and grid computing. Complete coverage of modern distributed computing technology including clusters, the grid, service-oriented architecture, massively parallel processors, peer-to-peer networking, and cloud computing Includes case studies from the leading distributed computing vendors: Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and more Explains how to use virtualization to facilitate management, debugging, migration, and disaster recovery Designed for undergraduate or graduate students taking a distributed systems course—each chapter includes exercises and further reading, with lecture slides and more available online

Parallel and Distributed Computing for Symbolic and Irregular Applications

Parallel and Distributed Computing for Symbolic and Irregular Applications Book
Author : Takayasu Ito,Taiichi Yuasa
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2000-04-05
ISBN : 9814543217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PDSIA '99 was the fourth in a series of international workshops on parallel symbolic computing, a basic yet challenging area with wide applications in high-performance computing. As in the previous meetings, parallel symbolic languages and systems were the major topics. However, reflecting the latest advances in distributed computing systems, the workshop also encompassed wider perspectives in parallel and distributed computing for symbolic and irregular applications. Contents:Evaluation StrategiesLanguages and ProgrammingMemory Management and Implementation TechniquesSystems and Applications Readership: Researchers and graduate students in parallel and/or distributed computing and symbolic computation. Keywords:Parallel Symbolic Computing;Parallel Symbolic Languages;Distributed Computing Systems

Practical PRAM Programming

Practical PRAM Programming Book
Author : Jörg Keller,Christoph Keßler,Jesper Träff
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although PRAM (Parallel Random Access Memory) is a well-known topic in parallel computing, its practical application has rarely been explored. This groundbreaking work changes all that. Written by world experts on this technology, it explains how to use PRAM to design algorithms for parallel computers and includes a number of PRAM implementations. Readers can also use the book as a self-study guide to parallel programming in general.