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Tools Techniques And Protocols For Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

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Tools Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

Tools  Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Satinder Kaur Brar,Krishnamoorthy Hegde,Vinayak Laxman Pachapur
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-15
ISBN : 0128146796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tools, Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants describes information on the strategic integration of available monitoring methods with molecular techniques, with a focus on omics (DNA, RNA and protein based) and molecular imprinted polymer and nanomaterial based advanced biosensors for environmental applications. It discusses the most commonly practiced analytic techniques, such as HPLC, MS, GCMS and traditional biosensors, giving an overview of the benefits of advanced biosensors over commonly practiced methods in the rapid and reliable assessment of environmental contaminants. As environmental contaminants have become one of the serious concerns in terms of their rapid growth and monitoring in the environment, which is often limited due to costly and laborious methods, this book provides a comprehensive update on their removal, the challenges they create for environmental regulatory agencies, and their diverse effects on terrestrial and aquatic environments. Provides methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Includes recent advancement in molecular techniques Outlines rapid environmental monitoring methods Explains the use of biosensors for environmental monitoring Reviews monitoring methods beyond conventional analytic techniques

Tools Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

Tools  Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Satinder Kaur Brar,Krishnamoorthy Hegde,Vinayak Laxman Pachapur
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 012814680X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tools, Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants describes information on the strategic integration of available monitoring methods with molecular techniques, with a focus on omics (DNA, RNA and protein based) and molecular imprinted polymer and nanomaterial based advanced biosensors for environmental applications. It discusses the most commonly practiced analytic techniques, such as HPLC, MS, GCMS and traditional biosensors, giving an overview of the benefits of advanced biosensors over commonly practiced methods in the rapid and reliable assessment of environmental contaminants. As environmental contaminants have become one of the serious concerns in terms of their rapid growth and monitoring in the environment, which is often limited due to costly and laborious methods, this book provides a comprehensive update on their removal, the challenges they create for environmental regulatory agencies, and their diverse effects on terrestrial and aquatic environments. Provides methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Includes recent advancement in molecular techniques Outlines rapid environmental monitoring methods Explains the use of biosensors for environmental monitoring Reviews monitoring methods beyond conventional analytic techniques

Selenium Contamination in Water

Selenium Contamination in Water Book
Author : Pooja Devi,Pardeep Singh,Arindam Malakar,Daniel Snow
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-26
ISBN : 1119693454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contamination of environment and water resources by Selenium (Se) and its oxyanions from various sources are emerging contaminants of significant health and environmental concern. The primary sources include agricultural drainage water, mine drainage, residues from fossil fuels, thermoelectric power plants, oil refineries, and metal ores. Various methods and technologies have been developed which focus on the treatment of selenium-containing waters and wastewater. High concentrations of selenium in water cause various adverse impact to human health, such as carcinogenic, genotoxic, and cytotoxic effects. But in the lower concentrations, it is a useful constituent of the biological system. The range between toxicity and deficiency of selenium is minimal (40 to 400 μg per day), due to its dual nature. Selenium Contamination in Water contains the latest status and information on selenium’s origin, its chemistry and its toxicity to humans. The book represents a comprehensive and advanced reference book for students, researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids, in particular selenium. A special emphasis is given on its geological distribution, monitoring techniques, and remedial technologies. As such, the authors critically analyze the various techniques used for the monitoring and removal of selenium from water. Featuring chapters arranged according to the major themes of the latest research, with specific case-studies from industrial experiences of selenium detection and removal, Selenium Contamination in Water will be particularly valued by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids including selenium.

Nanosensor Technologies for Environmental Monitoring

Nanosensor Technologies for Environmental Monitoring Book
Author : Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-15
ISBN : 303045116X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced materials and nanotechnology is a promising, emerging field involving the use of nanoparticles to facilitate the detection of various physical and chemical parameters, including temperature, humidity, pH, metal ion, anion, small organic or inorganic molecules, gases, and biomolecules responsible for environmental issues that can lead to diseases like cancer, diabetes, osteoarthritis, bacterial infections, and brain, retinal, and cardiovascular diseases. By monitoring environmental samples and detecting these environmental issues, advanced nanotechnology in this type of sensory technology is able to improve daily quality of life. Although these sensors are commercially available for the detection of monovalent cations, anions, gases, volatile organic molecules, heavy metal ions, and toxic metal ions, many existing models require significant power and lack advanced technology for more quality selectivity and sensitivity. There is room in these sensors to optimize their selectivity, reversibility, on/off ratio, response time, and their environmental stability in real-world operating conditions. This book explores the methods for the development and design of environmentally-friendly, simple, reliable, and cost effective electrochemical nanosensors using powerful nanostructured materials. More specifically, it highlights the use of various electrochemical-based biosensor sensors involved in the detection of monovalent cations, anions, gases, volatile organic molecules, heavy metal ions, and toxic metal ions, with the ultimate goal of seeing these technologies reach market.

Developing Tools to Evaluate the Environmental Status of Andean Basins with Mining Activities

Developing Tools to Evaluate the Environmental Status of Andean Basins with Mining Activities Book
Author : Cristina Yacoub López
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The water quality status of an Andean river basin was characterised and the pressures from anthropogenic activities were evaluated to enhance the available knowledge of the environment within an ecosystem in Peru. This investigation was conducted to assess the environmental status of the basin as a first step to introducing river management plans and specific water quality programmes. A continuous simulation model and an environmental monitoring program were developed, taking into account the European water framework directive (WFD) requirements. To prioritise the integrated water resources management (IWRM), an applied environmental model, the Soil and Water Assessment tool (SWAT) was used. The model was calibrated and validated for the Jequetepeque river basin using the SCE-UA algorithm and a relatively small amount of data (11 years). Five different cases of sub-basin discretisation were evaluated with and without a slope criterion. Very good hydrographs and statistics (NSE, RSR and PBIAS) were obtained for all cases. Environmental monitoring methods and tools for water quality evaluation were developed. The sources of contamination were identified and levels of contamination were quantified to evaluate pollution emissions. The degree of pollution by different substances, the associated risks, and the potential effects on aquatic life and human health were considered in the development of the tools and environmental monitoring methods. Water monitoring, sediment monitoring, and ecological monitoring, including a complementary effort to collect available data at the basin scale, were conducted in this study. The concentrations of trace elements were determined from the results of four water and sediment monitoring campaigns conducted between November 2008 and June 2010, and an ecological survey was evaluated. The results obtained from analysis of the water and sediment data indicated trace element pollution near mine sites, enabling us to quantify the impact of the mines on the Jequetepeque basin. Analysis of the water samples indicated that the most polluted water in the basin was located downstream from the Sipán SL Mine. The levels of Cr and As indicated adverse effects, whereas the levels of Al, Cd, Cu, Fe and Pb indicated significant effects on human health, mainly near the mining areas. Considering the lack of water facilities and trace element remediation in the region, special attention should be paid to regulatory policies and palliative countermeasures. Analysis of the sediment samples indicated that the most polluted sediment was located downstream from the Yanacocha Mine site and poses a significant threat to the environment in terms of Cd, Zn, Pb, and As pollution, regardless of the season. The sequential extraction analysis indicated higher mobility for Cd, Cu, Hg, Ni, and Zn. Those trace elements are released to the water column depending on the environmental conditions. The kinetics of the most prevalent trace elements in the basin were also evaluated. A diffusion model and two first-order models were used successfully to describe the kinetic extraction of Cu, Pb, and Zn. These trace elements can be significant only under extremely acidic conditions (pH=1); this should be taken into account in the potential scenario of acid mine drainage. The Ecological Status of Andean Rivers protocol was used to assess the upper part of the Jequetepeque river basin. At all the reference sites, the water quality status was very good or good. Only the sites located near mines exhibited alterations in the water quality, confirming the trends observed in the water and sediment monitoring. This protocol, which is an easy-to-use and economical qualitative tool, has proven to be very useful in assessing significant trends in ecological pollution of the basin.

Priority Pollutants Monitoring in Water

Priority Pollutants Monitoring in Water Book
Author : Fiona Regan,Lisa Jones
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-08-15
ISBN : 9780444637123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Priority Pollutants Monitoring in Water: Protocols for Measurement and Analysis" addresses the critical topic of measuring and analyzing priority pollutants in the Earth s water systems. As the challenge of monitoring and measuring hazardous substances in our waters is becoming greater with the increasing number of chemicals being added to the list, the levels at which they are occurring, and the variety of sources of the compounds from which they originate, this book helps provide answers to the challenges that have created a need for new and robust analytic methods. The book includes all current and emerging techniques for analyzing priority pollutants and hazardous substances, and describes the application of these analytical techniques to a wide range of matrices. Written primarily for analytical chemists and environmental scientists, this book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in priority pollutants, from legislation issues to sampling, analytic techniques, and data management. Addresses the challenge of monitoring and measuring ever-increasing amounts of chemicals found in surface water, the levels at which they occur in the environment, and the variety of sources of the compoundsCovers all priority pollutants and hazardous substances, including emerging contaminantsReviews all current sampling and analytic techniques, including new methods under development such as sensing, capillary electrophoresis, and moreAssembles scattered information into one convenient resource, including legislation drivers for analytical methods and new management tools for data analysis"

Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

Monitoring Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Steven Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 0444643362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While existing approaches to monitoring environmental contaminants tend to focus on a small suite of contaminant types and often involve monitoring at fixed points and at fixed times, Monitoring Environmental Contaminants focuses on a wide range of new technologies and approaches available for monitoring chemical and biological contaminants in air, water, soil and food. These new methods allow the ability to monitor a wider range of contaminants at much greater and temporal resolutions. Adoption of these methods could result in a change in our understanding of how humans and ecosystems are exposed to contaminants in different environmental media. This volume in the Environmental Contaminants Series provides an overview of a wide range of monitoring approaches ranging from citizen science networks to the use of robotics and sensor networks. Monitoring Environmental Contaminants describes challenges in the adoption of some of these new approaches and methods for dealing with these challenges such as the use of mining techniques for large data. The case studies within will provide a thorough illustration for researchers, academics, and scientists involved in ecology and environmental sciences. Brings together chapters from a wide range of research in ecology and the environmental sciences Utilizes an easily understandable style that can be absorbed by a wide audience Uses case studies to illuminate the application of selected novel contamination monitoring approaches

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 164

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 164 Book
Author : George W. Ware
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000-03-23
ISBN : 9780387989273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology provides detailed review articles concerned with aspects of chemical contaminants, including pesticides, in the total environment with toxicological considerations and consequences.

Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management

Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management Book
Author : Katalin Gruiz,Tamas Meggyes,Eva Fenyvesi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-01-20
ISBN : 1317697448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the third volume of the five-volume book series “Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management”. The book series deals with the following topics: • Environmental deterioration and pollution, management of environmental problems • Environmental toxicology – a tool for managing chemical substances and contaminated environment • Assessment and monitoring tools, risk assessment • Risk reduction measures and technologies • Case studies for demonstration of the application of engineering tools The authors aim to describe interactions and options in risk management by providing a broad scientific overview of the environment, its human uses and the associated local, regional and global environmental problems; interpreting the holistic approach used in solving environmental protection issues; striking a balance between nature’s needs and engineering capabilities; understanding interactions between regulation, management and engineering; obtaining information about novel technologies and innovative engineering tools. This third volume provides an overview on the basic principles, concepts, practices and tools of environmental monitoring and contaminated site assessment. The volume focuses on those engineering tools that enable integrated site assessment and decision making and ensure an efficient control of the environment. Some topics supporting sustainable land use and efficient environmental management are listed below: • Efficient management and regulation of contaminated land and the environment; • Early warning and environmental monitoring; • Assessment of contaminated land: the best practices; • Environmental sampling; • Risk characterization and contaminated matrix assessment; • Integrated application of physical, chemical, biological, ecological and (eco) toxicological characterization methods; • Direct toxicity assessment (DTA) and decision making; • Online analyzers, electrodes and biosensors for assessment and monitoring of waters.; • In situ and real-time measurement tools for soil and contaminated sites; • Rapid on-site methods and contaminant and toxicity assessment kits; • Engineering tools from omics technologies, microsensors to heavy machinery; • Dynamic characterization of subsurface soil and groundwater using membrane interface probes, optical and X-ray fl uorescence and ELCAD wastewater characterization; • Geochemical modeling: methods and applications; • Environmental assessment using cyclodextrins. This book series focuses on the state of knowledge about the environment and its conscious and structured application in environmental engineering, management and decision making.

New Immunochemical Approaches for Multiplexed Diagnostics

New Immunochemical Approaches for Multiplexed Diagnostics Book
Author : Ana Sanchis Villariz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The central topic of this thesis has been the study, development and validation of diverse multiplexed diagnostics platforms and techniques that can be applied to a wide range of topics, from environmental monitoring to clinical diagnosis. A multiplexed system is distinguished by its ability to measure simultaneously several analytes from a single sample, usually offering simultaneously high-throughput and easy-to-use protocols. Two categories have been described in order to fulfill this demand: (i) spatial separation of detection sites, by means of different spots, wells, regions of a channel network or electrode arrays, or (ii) the use of various labels such as enzymes, redox molecules, beads or dyes. The different goals achieved in this thesis are related to the development of multiplexed assays for two problematic scenarios: the environmental monitoring of man-made contaminants and the attempt to improve the actual diagnostic tools in two relevant clinical fields such as infectious and cardiovascular diseases. The first scenario has been explored through the development of a different multianalyte and multiplexed platforms for the multidetection of environmental pollutants. Families of contaminants with different chemical natures have been explored, being representatives of herbicides, antibiotics, hormones, insecticides, industrial contaminants and algal toxins, the final chosen in this thesis. The research of second topic has been carried on through progressing in two different lines. On one hand, a photosensible dual-system based on plasmonic nanoparticles as a possible and innovative diagnostic tool for pathogenic bacteria involved in respiratory disease and sepsis was explored. On the other hand, the preliminary validation of a new diagnostic platform based on nonrigid PDMS chips was explored. The study of this new material and the multiple possibilities the flexible material offer regarding microfluidics design, miniaturization and functionalization could be useful for the potential development of future multiplexed platforms.

Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report

Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report Book
Author : Southern California Coastal Water Research Project
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report book written by Southern California Coastal Water Research Project, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applied Environmental Metabolomics

Applied Environmental Metabolomics Book
Author : David J. Beale,Katie E. Hillyer,Andrew C. Warden,Oliver A.H. Jones
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-01
ISBN : 0128164611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Metabolomics: Approaches, Challenges and Future Perspectives brings together contributions from global experts who have helped to define and develop the exciting and rapid advances that are taking place in the field of environmental metabolomics. This book is invaluable for expert users as it demonstrates not only the best practice in experimental design, but also provides an overview of state-of-the-art instrumentation and the in-depth analysis (for instance small molecule IDs and limits of detections) one can expect to get by using various sampling, chromatographic and mass spectrometric techniques. Common experimental and technical pitfalls are also highlighted, providing unique insights into the world of environmental metabolomics that help practicing scientists avoid repeating similar costly mistakes and steer them efficiently towards the generation of high-quality data and high-impact publications. Highlights overarching principles and considerations for researchers to leverage when planning, conducting and evaluating environmental metabolomics research Provides real world case study applications of multiple environmental metabolomics techniques Integrates metabolomics standard initiatives into case study examples, demonstrating value in evaluating data Encompasses standard operating protocols for metabolomics to help new entrants to the field set up experiments and useful data

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Book
Author : George W. Ware
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000-12-07
ISBN : 9780387951386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

International concern in scientific, industrial, and governmental commumtIes over traces of xenobiotics in foods and in both abiotic and biotic environments has justified the present triumvirate of specialized publications in this field: comprehensive reviews, rapidly published research papers and progress reports, and archival documentations. These three international publications are inte grated and scheduled to provide the coherency essential for nonduplicative and current progress in a field as dynamic and complex as environmental contamina tion and toxicology. This series is reserved exclusively for the diversified litera ture on "toxic" chemicals in our food, our feeds, our homes, recreational and working surroundings, our domestic animals, our wildlife and ourselves. Tre mendous efforts worldwide have been mobilized to evaluate the nature, pres ence, magnitude, fate, and toxicology of the chemicals loosed upon the earth. Among the sequelae of this broad new emphasis is an undeniable need for an articulated set of authoritative publications, where one can find the latest impor tant world literature produced by these emerging areas of science together with documentation of pertinent ancillary legislation. Research directors and legislative or administrative advisers do not have the time to scan the escalating number of technical publications that may contain articles important to current responsibility. Rather, these individuals need the background provided by detailed reviews and the assurance that the latest infor mation is made available to them, all with minimal literature searching.

Environmental Health Perspectives

Environmental Health Perspectives Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Health Perspectives book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Priority Pollutants Monitoring in Water

Priority Pollutants Monitoring in Water Book
Author : Fiona Regan,Lisa Jones
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-01
ISBN : 9780444595713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Priority Pollutants Monitoring in Water: Protocols for Measurement and Analysis addresses the critical topic of measuring and analyzing priority pollutants in the Earth’s water systems. As the challenge of monitoring and measuring hazardous substances in our waters is becoming greater with the increasing number of chemicals being added to the list, the levels at which they are occurring, and the variety of sources of the compounds from which they originate, this book helps provide answers to the challenges that have created a need for new and robust analytic methods. The book includes all current and emerging techniques for analyzing priority pollutants and hazardous substances, and describes the application of these analytical techniques to a wide range of matrices. Written primarily for analytical chemists and environmental scientists, this book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in priority pollutants, from legislation issues to sampling, analytic techniques, and data management. Addresses the challenge of monitoring and measuring ever-increasing amounts of chemicals found in surface water, the levels at which they occur in the environment, and the variety of sources of the compounds Covers all priority pollutants and hazardous substances, including emerging contaminants Reviews all current sampling and analytic techniques, including new methods under development such as sensing, capillary electrophoresis, and more Assembles scattered information into one convenient resource, including legislation drivers for analytical methods and new management tools for data analysis

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination Book
Author : Maria C. Hernandez Soriano
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-03-26
ISBN : 953511235X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Interior Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2007

Interior  Environment  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2007 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Interior Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2007 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Practical Handbook of Environmental Site Characterization and Ground Water Monitoring Second Edition

Practical Handbook of Environmental Site Characterization and Ground Water Monitoring  Second Edition Book
Author : David M. Nielsen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-09-28
ISBN : 1420032240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published in 1991, the first edition of The Practical Handbook of Ground-Water Monitoring quickly became the gold standard reference on the topic of ground-water monitoring. But, as in all rapidly evolving fields, regulations change, technology advances, methods improve, and research reveals flaws in prior thinking. As a consequence, books that document the state of the science, even widely acknowledged definitive works, become outdated and need to be rewritten periodically to stay current. Reflecting this and renamed to highlight its wider scope, The Practical Handbook of Environmental Site Characterization and Ground-Water Monitoring, Second Edition provides an updated look at the field. Completely revised, the book contains so much new information that it has doubled in size. Containing the most up-to-date information available, this second edition emphasizes the practical application of current technology. It covers environmental site characterization and ground-water monitoring in great detail, from the federal regulations that govern environmental investigations, to the various direct and indirect methods of investigating and monitoring the subsurface, to the analysis and interpretation of complex sets of environmental data. Cheaper, better, faster was the mantra of the 1990s, resulting in more streamlined approaches to both environmental site characterization and ground-water monitoring, but also pitting the application of good science against the mandate to get a project done as quickly and inexpensively as possible. This book provides unbiased, technical discussions of the tremendously powerful tools developed in the last decade, helping environmental professionals strike a balance between good science and economics.