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Tools Techniques And Protocols For Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

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Tools Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

Tools  Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Satinder Kaur Brar,Krishnamoorthy Hegde,Vinayak Laxman Pachapur
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-15
ISBN : 0128146796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tools, Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants describes information on the strategic integration of available monitoring methods with molecular techniques, with a focus on omics (DNA, RNA and protein based) and molecular imprinted polymer and nanomaterial based advanced biosensors for environmental applications. It discusses the most commonly practiced analytic techniques, such as HPLC, MS, GCMS and traditional biosensors, giving an overview of the benefits of advanced biosensors over commonly practiced methods in the rapid and reliable assessment of environmental contaminants. As environmental contaminants have become one of the serious concerns in terms of their rapid growth and monitoring in the environment, which is often limited due to costly and laborious methods, this book provides a comprehensive update on their removal, the challenges they create for environmental regulatory agencies, and their diverse effects on terrestrial and aquatic environments. Provides methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Includes recent advancement in molecular techniques Outlines rapid environmental monitoring methods Explains the use of biosensors for environmental monitoring Reviews monitoring methods beyond conventional analytic techniques

Tools Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

Tools  Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Satinder Kaur Brar,Krishnamoorthy Hegde,Vinayak Laxman Pachapur
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 012814680X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tools, Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants describes information on the strategic integration of available monitoring methods with molecular techniques, with a focus on omics (DNA, RNA and protein based) and molecular imprinted polymer and nanomaterial based advanced biosensors for environmental applications. It discusses the most commonly practiced analytic techniques, such as HPLC, MS, GCMS and traditional biosensors, giving an overview of the benefits of advanced biosensors over commonly practiced methods in the rapid and reliable assessment of environmental contaminants. As environmental contaminants have become one of the serious concerns in terms of their rapid growth and monitoring in the environment, which is often limited due to costly and laborious methods, this book provides a comprehensive update on their removal, the challenges they create for environmental regulatory agencies, and their diverse effects on terrestrial and aquatic environments. Provides methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Includes recent advancement in molecular techniques Outlines rapid environmental monitoring methods Explains the use of biosensors for environmental monitoring Reviews monitoring methods beyond conventional analytic techniques

Selenium Contamination in Water

Selenium Contamination in Water Book
Author : Pooja Devi,Pardeep Singh,Arindam Malakar,Daniel Snow
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-26
ISBN : 1119693454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contamination of environment and water resources by Selenium (Se) and its oxyanions from various sources are emerging contaminants of significant health and environmental concern. The primary sources include agricultural drainage water, mine drainage, residues from fossil fuels, thermoelectric power plants, oil refineries, and metal ores. Various methods and technologies have been developed which focus on the treatment of selenium-containing waters and wastewater. High concentrations of selenium in water cause various adverse impact to human health, such as carcinogenic, genotoxic, and cytotoxic effects. But in the lower concentrations, it is a useful constituent of the biological system. The range between toxicity and deficiency of selenium is minimal (40 to 400 μg per day), due to its dual nature. Selenium Contamination in Water contains the latest status and information on selenium’s origin, its chemistry and its toxicity to humans. The book represents a comprehensive and advanced reference book for students, researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids, in particular selenium. A special emphasis is given on its geological distribution, monitoring techniques, and remedial technologies. As such, the authors critically analyze the various techniques used for the monitoring and removal of selenium from water. Featuring chapters arranged according to the major themes of the latest research, with specific case-studies from industrial experiences of selenium detection and removal, Selenium Contamination in Water will be particularly valued by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids including selenium.

Food Medical and Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials

Food  Medical  and Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Veeriah Jegatheesan,Nandika Bandara,Preetam Sarkar,Angana Sarkar,Kunal Pal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-24
ISBN : 0128230746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food, Medical, and Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials is designed to cover different types of nanomaterials that have applications related to the environment, food and medicine. It is an important resource for materials scientists and bioengineers looking to learn more about the applications of nanomaterials for sustainable development applications. Nanoscale materials possess excellent properties that have been explored in the areas of biomedicals, food, agriculture, the environment, catalysis, sensing and energy storage. Examples of these new applications include smart and active food packaging, nanobiosensors, bioremediation, wastewater treatment, implant coatings, tissue engineering, delivery systems for food and pharmaceutical applications, and food safety. Helps readers make decisions on the suitability and appropriateness of a synthetic route and characterization technique for a particular nanosystem Enables readers to analyze and compare experimental data and extract in-depth information about the physical properties of the polymeric gels using mathematical models Teaches users about the applications of nanomaterials for sustainable development applications

Aquatic Ecotoxicology

Aquatic Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Claude Amiard-Triquet,Jean-Claude Amiard,Catherine Mouneyrac
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-06-11
ISBN : 0128011769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aquatic Ecotoxicology: Advancing Tools for Dealing with Emerging Risks presents a thorough look at recent advances in aquatic ecotoxicology and their application in assessing the risk of well-known and emerging environmental contaminants. This essential reference, brought together by leading experts in the field, guides users through existing and novel approaches to environmental risk assessment, then presenting recent advances in the field of ecotoxicology, including omics-based technologies, biomarkers, and reference species. The book then demonstrates how these advances can be used to design and perform assays to discover the toxicological endpoints of emerging risks within the aquatic environment, such as nanomaterials, personal care products, PFOS and chemical mixtures. The text is an invaluable reference for any scientist who studies the effects of contaminants on organisms that live within aquatic environments. Provides the latest perspectives on emerging toxic risks to aquatic environments, such as nanomaterials, pharmaceuticals, chemical mixtures, and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) Offers practical guidance on recent advances to help in choosing the most appropriate toxicological assay Presents case studies and information on a variety of reference species to help put the ecotoxicological theory into practical risk assess

Statistical Methods for Environmental Pollution Monitoring

Statistical Methods for Environmental Pollution Monitoring Book
Author : Richard O. Gilbert
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1987-02-15
ISBN : 9780471288787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses a broad range of statistical design and analysis methods that are particularly well suited to pollution data. It explains key statistical techniques in easy-to-comprehend terms and uses practical examples, exercises, and case studies to illustrate procedures. Dr. Gilbert begins by discussing a space-time framework for sampling pollutants. He then shows how to use statistical sample survey methods to estimate average and total amounts of pollutants in the environment, and how to determine the number of field samples and measurements to collect for this purpose. Then a broad range of statistical analysis methods are described and illustrated. These include: * determining the number of samples needed to find hot spots * analyzing pollution data that are lognormally distributed * testing for trends over time or space * estimating the magnitude of trends * comparing pollution data from two or more populations New areas discussed in this sourcebook include statistical techniques for data that are correlated, reported as less than the measurement detection limit, or obtained from field-composited samples. Nonparametric statistical analysis methods are emphasized since parametric procedures are often not appropriate for pollution data. This book also provides an illustrated comprehensive computer code for nonparametric trend detection and estimation analyses as well as nineteen statistical tables to permit easy application of the discussed statistical techniques. In addition, many publications are cited that deal with the design of pollution studies and the statistical analysis of pollution data. This sourcebook will be a useful tool for applied statisticians, ecologists, radioecologists, hydrologists, biologists, environmental engineers, and other professionals who deal with the collection, analysis, and interpretation of pollution in air, water, and soil.

Applied Environmental Metabolomics

Applied Environmental Metabolomics Book
Author : David Beale,Katie Hillyer,Andrew Warden,Oliver Jones
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-06-24
ISBN : 0128164611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Environmental Metabolomics: Community Insights and Guidance from the Field brings together contributions from global experts who have helped to define and develop the exciting and rapid advances that are taking place in the field of environmental metabolomics. This book is aimed at expert users, students, researchers, and academics in metabolomics and systems biology. It not only demonstrates the best practice in experimental design but also provides insight into state-of-the-art instrumentation and the depth of analysis one can expect to get by using various sampling, chromatographic, mass spectrometric, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques. Common experimental and technical pitfalls are also highlighted. This book provides a unique insight into the world of environmental metabolomics and will help the practicing scientist avoid repeating similar costly mistakes, steering them efficiently toward the generation of high-quality data and high-impact publications. Highlights overarching principles and considerations for researchers to leverage when planning, conducting, and evaluating environmental metabolomics research Applies key insights and lessons learned from leaders in the field Provides real-world case study applications of multiple environmental metabolomics techniques Integrates the Metabolomics Standards Initiative into case study examples Encompasses standard operating protocols for metabolomics to help new entrants to the field

Monitoring for Gaseous Pollutants in Museum Environments

Monitoring for Gaseous Pollutants in Museum Environments Book
Author : Cecily M. Grzywacz
Publisher : Getty Publications
Release : 2006-09-01
ISBN : 0892368519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With an emphasis on passive sampling, this volume focuses on the environmental monitoring for common gaseous pollutants. It offers an overview of the history and nature of pollutants of concern to museums and the challenges facing scientists, conservators, and managers seeking to develop target pollutant guidelines to protect cultural property.

Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report

Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report Book
Author : Southern California Coastal Water Research Project
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Annual Report book written by Southern California Coastal Water Research Project, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

Monitoring Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Steven Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 0444643362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While existing approaches to monitoring environmental contaminants tend to focus on a small suite of contaminant types and often involve monitoring at fixed points and at fixed times, Monitoring Environmental Contaminants focuses on a wide range of new technologies and approaches available for monitoring chemical and biological contaminants in air, water, soil and food. These new methods allow the ability to monitor a wider range of contaminants at much greater and temporal resolutions. Adoption of these methods could result in a change in our understanding of how humans and ecosystems are exposed to contaminants in different environmental media. This volume in the Environmental Contaminants Series provides an overview of a wide range of monitoring approaches ranging from citizen science networks to the use of robotics and sensor networks. Monitoring Environmental Contaminants describes challenges in the adoption of some of these new approaches and methods for dealing with these challenges such as the use of mining techniques for large data. The case studies within will provide a thorough illustration for researchers, academics, and scientists involved in ecology and environmental sciences. Brings together chapters from a wide range of research in ecology and the environmental sciences Utilizes an easily understandable style that can be absorbed by a wide audience Uses case studies to illuminate the application of selected novel contamination monitoring approaches

Priority Pollutants Monitoring in Water

Priority Pollutants Monitoring in Water Book
Author : Fiona Regan,Lisa Jones
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-01
ISBN : 9780444595713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Priority Pollutants Monitoring in Water: Protocols for Measurement and Analysis addresses the critical topic of measuring and analyzing priority pollutants in the Earth’s water systems. As the challenge of monitoring and measuring hazardous substances in our waters is becoming greater with the increasing number of chemicals being added to the list, the levels at which they are occurring, and the variety of sources of the compounds from which they originate, this book helps provide answers to the challenges that have created a need for new and robust analytic methods. The book includes all current and emerging techniques for analyzing priority pollutants and hazardous substances, and describes the application of these analytical techniques to a wide range of matrices. Written primarily for analytical chemists and environmental scientists, this book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in priority pollutants, from legislation issues to sampling, analytic techniques, and data management. Addresses the challenge of monitoring and measuring ever-increasing amounts of chemicals found in surface water, the levels at which they occur in the environment, and the variety of sources of the compounds Covers all priority pollutants and hazardous substances, including emerging contaminants Reviews all current sampling and analytic techniques, including new methods under development such as sensing, capillary electrophoresis, and more Assembles scattered information into one convenient resource, including legislation drivers for analytical methods and new management tools for data analysis

Sediment Dredging at Superfund Megasites

Sediment Dredging at Superfund Megasites Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Sediment Dredging at Superfund Megasites
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-10-30
ISBN : 9780309134101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Some of the nation's estuaries, lakes and other water bodies contain contaminated sediments that can adversely affect fish and wildlife and may then find their way into people's diets. Dredging is one of the few options available for attempting to clean up contaminated sediments, but it can uncover and re-suspend buried contaminants, creating additional exposures for wildlife and people. At the request of Congress, EPA asked the National Research Council (NRC) to evaluate dredging as a cleanup technique. The book finds that, based on a review of available evidence, dredging's ability to decrease environmental and health risks is still an open question. Analysis of pre-dredging and post-dredging at about 20 sites found a wide range of outcomes in terms of surface sediment concentrations of contaminants: some sites showed increases, some no change, and some decreases in concentrations. Evaluating the potential long-term benefits of dredging will require that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency step up monitoring activities before, during and after individual cleanups to determine whether it is working there and what combinations of techniques are most effective.

Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Environmental Contaminants

Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Partha Pratim Adhikary,Debashish Sengupta
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-02-05
ISBN : 3030634221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book demonstrates the measurement, monitoring and mapping of environmental contaminants in soil & sediment, surface & groundwater and atmosphere. This book explores state-of-art techniques based on methodological and modeling in modern geospatial techniques specifically focusing on the recent trends in data mining techniques and robust modeling. It also presents modifications of and improvements to existing control technologies for remediation of environmental contaminants. In addition, it includes three separate sections on contaminants, risk assessment and remediation of different existing and emerging pollutants. It covers major topics such as: Radioactive Wastes, Solid and Hazardous Wastes, Heavy Metal Contaminants, Arsenic Contaminants, Microplastic Pollution, Microbiology of Soil and Sediments, Soil Salinity and Sodicity, Aquatic Ecotoxicity Assessment, Fluoride Contamination, Hydrochemistry, Geochemistry, Indoor Pollution and Human Health aspects. The content of this book will be of interest to researchers, professionals, and policymakers whose work involves environmental contaminants and related solutions.

Water Quality Assessments

Water Quality Assessments Book
Author : Deborah V Chapman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-08-22
ISBN : 0419215905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guidebook, now thoroughly updated and revised in its second edition, gives comprehensive advice on the designing and setting up of monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing valid data for water quality assessments in all types of freshwater bodies. It is clearly and concisely written in order to provide the essential information for all agencies and individuals responsible for the water quality.

Natural Attenuation for Groundwater Remediation

Natural Attenuation for Groundwater Remediation Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Intrinsic Remediation
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2000-07-31
ISBN : 9780309132800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past decade, officials responsible for clean-up of contaminated groundwater have increasingly turned to natural attenuation-essentially allowing naturally occurring processes to reduce the toxic potential of contaminants-versus engineered solutions. This saves both money and headaches. To the people in surrounding communities, though, it can appear that clean-up officials are simply walking away from contaminated sites. When is natural attenuation the appropriate approach to a clean-up? This book presents the consensus of a diverse committee, informed by the views of researchers, regulators, and community activists. The committee reviews the likely effectiveness of natural attenuation with different classes of contaminants-and describes how to evaluate the "footprints" of natural attenuation at a site to determine whether natural processes will provide adequate clean-up. Included are recommendations for regulatory change. The committee emphasizes the importance of the public's belief and attitudes toward remediation and provides guidance on involving community stakeholders throughout the clean-up process. The book explores how contamination occurs, explaining concepts and terms, and includes case studies from the Hanford nuclear site, military bases, as well as other sites. It provides historical background and important data on clean-up processes and goes on to offer critical reviews of 14 published protocols for evaluating natural attenuation.

Biosensors in Environmental Monitoring

Biosensors in Environmental Monitoring Book
Author : Ursula Bilitewski,Anthony Turner
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-05-30
ISBN : 9789057024498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During recent years both research activity and the number of reports on biosensor systems applied to environmental analysis have increased significantly. Compounds present in the environment have increasingly been shown to have effects on biological systems such as cells, enzymes, binding proteins, and DNA. In order to deal with the increasing demand for information about possible pollution of the environment there is need for improvements to analytical methods. Thus, biochemistry-based analytical methods should offer the possibility of monitoring these effects. This text provides an overview of existing biosensor principles, commercially available instruments, and related biochemical assays which have been developed and applied to environmental monitoring. Providing the reader with detailed information on methodology and a description of the practical application of selected sensors, this text also includes reports on established chemical methods for comparison. This volume presents fundamental principles together with examples of applications and discussion of drawbacks, and future developments. Of interest to all in the field of environmental analysis and biosensor technology, this text provides a comprehensive treatise on the latest research and developments in the field.

Environmental Contaminants

Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Daniel A. Vallero
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0127100571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book serves as a tool for environmental professionals to produce technically sound and reproducible scientific evidence. It identifies ways to clean up environmental problems in air, water, soil, sediment and living systems. Ethical issues, environmental management, and professionalism, and environmental economic problems are illustrated to assist the reader in understanding and applying quantitative analysis of environmental problems. Supplemental materials are available at the Companion Website http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780127100579 * Real life solutions for practicing environmental professionals. * Example problems, sidebars, and case studies to illustrate ethical issues, environmental economic problems, and environmental management. * Explanation of scientific principles and concepts needed for risk assessment, waste management, contaminant transport, environmental hydrogeology, and environmental engineering & chemistry. * A fully supportive glossary, appendices and tables throughout the text contain physical, chemical and biological resources necessary for all environmental practitioners.

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants Book
Author : Gwen O'Sullivan,Court Sandau
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-11-20
ISBN : 0444594515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants represents the state-of-the-art in environmental forensics in relation to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The book is a complete reference for practitioners and students, covering a range of topics from new analytical techniques to regulatory and legal status in the global community. Through case studies from leading international experts, real-world issues — including the allocation of responsibility for release into the environment — are resolved through the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques. This book introduces and assesses the development of new techniques and technologies to trace the source and fate of newly emerging and classic POPs (perfluoroalkyl substances, brominated flame retardants, organochlorine pesticides, perfluorinated chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls) in environmental media, including atmospheric, marine, freshwater, and urban environments. Real-world case studies show the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques Discussion of GC*GC provides an introduction and assessment of a novel technique from leaders in the field Introduces the development of new analytical techniques (such as 2-D GC*HC and LC*LC) to trace the source and fate Raises awareness about the health and environmental impact of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Outlines the development of international measures to control POPs so that chemists can understand the legal issues

Sensor Technologies

Sensor Technologies Book
Author : Michael J. McGrath,Cliodhna Ni Scanaill,Dawn Nafus
Publisher : Apress
Release : 2014-01-23
ISBN : 1430260149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications explores the key aspects of sensor technologies, covering wired, wireless, and discrete sensors for the specific application domains of healthcare, wellness and environmental sensing. It discusses the social, regulatory, and design considerations specific to these domains. The book provides an application-based approach using real-world examples to illustrate the application of sensor technologies in a practical and experiential manner. The book guides the reader from the formulation of the research question, through the design and validation process, to the deployment and management phase of sensor applications. The processes and examples used in the book are primarily based on research carried out by Intel or joint academic research programs. “Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications provides an extensive overview of sensing technologies and their applications in healthcare, wellness, and environmental monitoring. From sensor hardware to system applications and case studies, this book gives readers an in-depth understanding of the technologies and how they can be applied. I would highly recommend it to students or researchers who are interested in wireless sensing technologies and the associated applications.” Dr. Benny Lo Lecturer, The Hamlyn Centre, Imperial College of London “This timely addition to the literature on sensors covers the broad complexity of sensing, sensor types, and the vast range of existing and emerging applications in a very clearly written and accessible manner. It is particularly good at capturing the exciting possibilities that will occur as sensor networks merge with cloud-based ‘big data’ analytics to provide a host of new applications that will impact directly on the individual in ways we cannot fully predict at present. It really brings this home through the use of carefully chosen case studies that bring the overwhelming concept of 'big data' down to the personal level of individual life and health.” Dermot Diamond Director, National Centre for Sensor Research, Principal Investigator, CLARITY Centre for Sensor Web Technologies, Dublin City University "Sensor Technologies: Healthcare, Wellness and Environmental Applications takes the reader on an end-to-end journey of sensor technologies, covering the fundamentals from an engineering perspective, introducing how the data gleaned can be both processed and visualized, in addition to offering exemplar case studies in a number of application domains. It is a must-read for those studying any undergraduate course that involves sensor technologies. It also provides a thorough foundation for those involved in the research and development of applied sensor systems. I highly recommend it to any engineer who wishes to broaden their knowledge in this area!" Chris Nugent Professor of Biomedical Engineering, University of Ulster

Report of the ICES Advisory Committee on the Marine Environment

Report of the ICES Advisory Committee on the Marine Environment Book
Author : ICES Advisory Committee on the Marine Environment
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Report of the ICES Advisory Committee on the Marine Environment book written by ICES Advisory Committee on the Marine Environment, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.