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Tip Enhancement

Tip Enhancement Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 9780080467894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the recent advances in the area of near-field Raman scattering, mainly focusing on tip-enhanced and surface-enhanced Raman scattering. Some of the key features covered here are the optical structuring and manipulations, single molecule sensitivity, analysis of single-walled carbon nanotubes, and analytic applications in chemistry, biology and material sciences. This book also discusses the plasmonic materials for better enhancement, and optical antennas. Further, near-field microscopy based on second harmonic generation is also discussed. Chapters have been written by some of the leading scientists in this field, who present some of their recent work in this field. ·Near-field Raman scattering ·Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy ·Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy ·Nano-photonics ·Nanoanalysis of Physical, chemical and biological materials beyond the diffraction limits ·Single molecule detection

Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology

Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology Book
Author : A.V. Narlikar,Y.Y. Fu
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-02-11
ISBN : 0199533059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These three volumes are intended to shape the field of nanoscience and technology and will serve as an essential point of reference for cutting-edge research in the field.

Nanoscale Spectroscopy with Applications

Nanoscale Spectroscopy with Applications Book
Author : Sarhan M. Musa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 1351831895
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the key concepts of nanoscale spectroscopy methods used in nanotechnologies in a manner that is easily digestible for a beginner in the field. It discusses future applications of nanotechnologies in technical industries. It also covers new developments and interdisciplinary research in engineering, science, and medicine. An overview of nanoscale spectroscopy for nanotechnologies, the book describes the technologies with an emphasis on how they work and on their key benefits. It also serves as a reference for veterans in the field.

Tip Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy for Nanoelectronics

Tip Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy for Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Mischa Nicklaus
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2014-04-22
ISBN : 3732292789
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation focuses on the application of Tip-Enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) to non-transparent and non-conductive samples, allowing for the optical characterization of nanoelectronic devices. As such, nano-crystals are analyzed as a model system for the investigation of chemical and structural properties. Furthermore, a novel method for mapping the refractive index of materials with nanometer resolution is presented. The technological progress of electronics through miniaturization has reached the nanoscale while new materials with high performance and functional properties gain importance. Quality control and the scientific understanding of size effects in electronic nanostructures are required more than ever to consolidate existing technologies and to determine scaling limits of new materials. Conventional techniques, including scanning electron and scanning probe microscopy, provide topographic information but only very limited chemical information to analyze the physical properties of nanomaterials. Chemical and structural sensitivity is available by Raman or infrared spectroscopy, but with a spatial resolution limited to the microscale by the diffraction limit of light. TERS combines the virtues of scanning probe microscopy with those of optical spectroscopy to overcome the diffraction limit through the excitation of surface plasmons on a scanning probe tip to confine light to nanometers. In this work, a TERS system was installed to operate on opaque samples by employing optical side access. TERS probes were fabricated by electrochemical etching and operated in scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy with quartz tuning forks to enable scanning on various surfaces. TERS was then applied to ferroelectric lead titanate nano-crystals on a platinized silicon substrate as a model system for nanostructured, charge-based memory devices at the onset of finite size effects.

Laser Based Nano Fabrication and Nano Lithography

Laser Based Nano Fabrication and Nano Lithography Book
Author : Koji Sugioka,Ya Cheng
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 3038974102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Laser-Based Nano Fabrication and Nano Lithography" that was published in Nanomaterials

Intelligent Energy Field Manufacturing

Intelligent Energy Field Manufacturing Book
Author : Wenwu Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1351834649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited by prominent researchers and with contributions from experts in their individual areas, Intelligent Energy Field Manufacturing: Interdisciplinary Process Innovations explores a new philosophy of engineering. An in-depth introduction to Intelligent Energy Field Manufacturing (EFM), this book explores a fresh engineering methodology that not only integrates but goes beyond methodologies such as Design for Six Sigma, Lean Manufacturing, Concurrent Engineering, TRIZ, green and sustainable manufacturing, and more. This book gives a systematic introduction to classic non-mechanical manufacturing processes as well as offering big pictures of some technical frontiers in modern engineering. The book suggests that any manufacturing process is actually a process of injecting human intelligence into the interaction between material and the various energy fields in order to transfer the material into desired configurations. It discusses technological innovation, dynamic M-PIE flows, the generalities of energy fields, logic functional materials and intelligence, the open scheme of intelligent EFM implementation, and the principles of intelligent EFM. The book takes a highly interdisciplinary approach that includes research frontiers such as micro/nano fabrication, high strain rate processes, laser shock forming, materials science and engineering, bioengineering, etc., in addition to a detailed treatment of the so called "non-traditional" manufacturing processes, which covers waterjet machining, laser material processing, ultrasonic material processing, EDM/ECM, etc. Filled with illustrative pictures, figures, and tables that make technical materials more absorbable, the book cuts across multiple engineering disciplines. The majority of books in this area report the facts of proven knowledge, while the behind-the-scenes thinking is usually neglected. This book examines the big picture of manufacturing in depth before diving into the details of an individual process, demonstrating how innovations are achieved. It lowers barriers to technical innovation, meets new engineering challenges, and systematically introduces manufacturing processes.

Chemical Imaging Analysis

Chemical Imaging Analysis Book
Author : Freddy Adams,Carlo Barbante
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-06-06
ISBN : 0444634509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Imaging Analysis covers the advancements made over the last 50 years in chemical imaging analysis, including different analytical techniques and the ways they were developed and refined to link the composition and structure of manmade and natural materials at the nano/micro scale to the functional behavior at the macroscopic scale. In a development process that started in the early 1960s, a variety of specialized analytical techniques was developed – or adapted from existing techniques – and these techniques have matured into versatile and powerful tools for visualizing structural and compositional heterogeneity. This text explores that journey, providing a general overview of imaging techniques in diverse fields, including mass spectrometry, optical spectrometry including X-rays, electron microscopy, and beam techniques. Provides comprehensive coverage of analytical techniques used in chemical imaging analysis Explores a variety of specialized techniques Provides a general overview of imaging techniques in diverse fields

Handbook of Nanoscale Optics and Electronics

Handbook of Nanoscale Optics and Electronics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-05-25
ISBN : 9780123751799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the increasing demand for smaller, faster, and more highly integrated optical and electronic devices, as well as extremely sensitive detectors for biomedical and environmental applications, a field called nano-optics or nano-photonics/electronics is emerging – studying the many promising optical properties of nanostructures. Like nanotechnology itself, it is a rapidly evolving and changing field – but because of strong research activity in optical communication and related devices, combined with the intensive work on nanotechnology, nano-optics is shaping up fast to be a field with a promising future. This book serves as a one-stop review of modern nano-optical/photonic and nano-electronic techniques, applications, and developments. Provides overview of the field of Nano-optics/photonics and electronics, detailing practical examples of photonic technology in a wide range of applications Discusses photonic systems and devices with mathematical rigor precise enough for design purposes A one-stop review of modern nano-optical/photonic and nano-electronic techniques, applications, and developments.

500 Tips for Quality Enhancement in Universities and Colleges

500 Tips for Quality Enhancement in Universities and Colleges Book
Author : Brown, Sally,Race, Phil,Smith, Brenda
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-09-13
ISBN : 1136355480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook seeks to provide practical, realistic suggestions about how quality can be measured, maintained and improved in institutions. It is addressed to a cross-section of staff who make up colleges and universities, not just those responsible for quality audit.

Applied Scanning Probe Methods VII

Applied Scanning Probe Methods VII Book
Author : Bharat Bhushan,Harald Fuchs
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-11-09
ISBN : 3540373217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first volume in the series was released in January 2004 and the second to fourth volumes in early 2006. The field is now progressing so fast that there is a need for one volume every 12 to 18 months to capture latest developments. Volume VII presents 9 chapters on a variety of new and emerging techniques and refinements of SPM applications.

Shell Structures Theory and Applications

Shell Structures  Theory and Applications Book
Author : Wojciech Pietraszkiewicz,Czeslaw Szymczak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-09-22
ISBN : 9780415383905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shells are basic structural elements of modern technology. Examples of shell structures include automobile bodies, domes, water and oil tanks, pipelines, ship hulls, aircraft fuselages, turbine blades, laudspeaker cones, but also balloons, parachutes, biological membranes, a human skin, a bottle of wine or a beer can. This volume contains full texts of over 100 papers presented by specialists from over 20 countries at the 8th Conference "Shell Structures: Theory and Applications", 12-14 October, 2005 in Jurata (Poland). The aim of the meeting was to bring together scientists, designers, engineers and other specialists in shell structures in order to discuss important results and new ideas in this field. The goal is to pursue more accurate theoretical models, to develop more powerful and versatile methods of analysis, and to disseminate expertise in design and maintenance of shell structures. Among the authors there are many distinguished specialists of shell structures, including the authors of general lectures: I.V. Andrianov (Ukraine), V.A. Eremeyev (Russia), A. Ibrahimbegovic (France), P. Klosowski (Poland), B.H. Kröplin (Germany), E. Ramm (Germany), J.M. Rotter (UK) and D. Steigmann (USA). The subject area of the papers covers various theoretical models and numerical analyses of strength, dynamics, stability, optimization etc. of different types of shell structures, their design and maintenance, as well as modelling of some surface-related mechanical phenomena.

Principles of Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

Principles of Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Book
Author : Eric Le Ru,Pablo Etchegoin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-11-17
ISBN : 9780080931555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

SERS was discovered in the 1970s and has since grown enormously in breadth, depth, and understanding. One of the major characteristics of SERS is its interdisciplinary nature: it lies at the boundary between physics, chemistry, colloid science, plasmonics, nanotechnology, and biology. By their very nature, it is impossible to find a textbook that will summarize the principles needed for SERS of these rather dissimilar and disconnected topics. Although a basic understanding of these topics is necessary for research projects in SERS with all its many aspects and applications, they are seldom touched upon as a coherent unit during most undergraduate studies in physics or chemistry. This book intends to fill this existing gap in the literature. It provides an overview of the underlying principles of SERS, from the fundamental understanding of the effect to its potential applications. It is aimed primarily at newcomers to the field, graduate students, researchers or scientists, attracted by the many applications of SERS and plasmonics or its basic science. The emphasis is on concepts and background material for SERS, such as Raman spectroscopy, the physics of plasmons, or colloid science, all of them introduced within the context of SERS, and from where the more specialized literature can be followed. Represents one of very few books fully dedicated to the topic of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) Gives a comprehensive summary of the underlying physical concepts around SERS Provides a detailed analysis of plasmons and plasmonics

Raman Spectroscopy

Raman Spectroscopy Book
Author : Gustavo Morari Do Nascimento
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-04-18
ISBN : 1789230004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives a wide overview of the state-of-the-art applications of Raman spectroscopy in characterization of materials and biomaterials. The Raman signal is intrinsically smaller than other vibrational techniques; however, mainly through intensification processes, such as resonance Raman (RR) and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), the Raman cross section can be strongly amplified. Thoroughly in these signal amplifications, the study of a diversity of chemical systems and the use of Raman technique for in situ and in vivo measurements is possible. The main goal of this book is to open up to an extended audience the possibilities of uses of Raman spectroscopy. In fact, this collective work will be beneficial to students, teachers, and researchers of many areas who are interested to expand their knowledge about Raman spectroscopy applied to nanotechnology, biotechnology, environmental science, inorganic chemistry, and health sciences.

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes Book
Author : Ado Jorio,Gene Dresselhaus,Mildred S. Dresselhaus
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-12-18
ISBN : 9783540728658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building on the success of its predecessor, Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications, this second volume focuses on those areas that have grown rapidly in the past few years. Contributing authors reflect the multidisciplinary nature of the book and are all leaders in their particular areas of research. Among the many topics they cover are graphene and other carbon-like and tube-like materials, which are likely to affect and influence developments in nanotubes within the next five years. Extensive use of illustrations enables you to better understand and visualize key concepts and processes.

The Transits of Extrasolar Planets with Moons

The Transits of Extrasolar Planets with Moons Book
Author : David M. Kipping
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-08
ISBN : 9783642222696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Can we detect the moons of extrasolar planets? For two decades, astronomers have made enormous progress in the detection and characterisation of exoplanetary systems but the identification of an "exomoon" is notably absent. In this thesis, David Kipping shows how transiting planets may be used to infer the presence of exomoons through deviations in the time and duration of the planetary eclipses. A detailed account of the transit model, potential distortions, and timing techniques is covered before the analytic forms for the timing variations are derived. It is shown that habitable-zone exomoons above 0.2 Earth-masses are detectable with the Kepler space telescope using these new timing techniques.

Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention MICCAI 2015

Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention    MICCAI 2015 Book
Author : Nassir Navab,Joachim Hornegger,William M. Wells,Alejandro Frangi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-28
ISBN : 3319245538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The three-volume set LNCS 9349, 9350, and 9351 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2015, held in Munich, Germany, in October 2015. Based on rigorous peer reviews, the program committee carefully selected 263 revised papers from 810 submissions for presentation in three volumes. The papers have been organized in the following topical sections: quantitative image analysis I: segmentation and measurement; computer-aided diagnosis: machine learning; computer-aided diagnosis: automation; quantitative image analysis II: classification, detection, features, and morphology; advanced MRI: diffusion, fMRI, DCE; quantitative image analysis III: motion, deformation, development and degeneration; quantitative image analysis IV: microscopy, fluorescence and histological imagery; registration: method and advanced applications; reconstruction, image formation, advanced acquisition - computational imaging; modelling and simulation for diagnosis and interventional planning; computer-assisted and image-guided interventions.

Proceedings of the 36th International MATADOR Conference

Proceedings of the 36th International MATADOR Conference Book
Author : Srichand Hinduja,Lin Li
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-08-05
ISBN : 9781849964326
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presented here are 130 refereed papers given at the 36th MATADOR Conference held at The University of Manchester in July 2010. The MATADOR series of conferences covers the topics of Manufacturing Automation and Systems Technology, Applications, Design, Organisation and Management, and Research. The proceedings of this Conference contain original papers contributed by researchers from many countries on different continents. The papers cover the principles, techniques and applications in aerospace, automotive, biomedical, energy, consumable goods and process industries. The papers in this volume reflect: • the importance of manufacturing to international wealth creation; • the emerging fields of micro- and nano-manufacture; • the increasing trend towards the fabrication of parts using lasers; • the growing demand for precision engineering and part inspection techniques; and • the changing trends in manufacturing within a global environment.

Accuracy Enhancement Technologies for Micromachining Processes

Accuracy Enhancement Technologies for Micromachining Processes Book
Author : Golam Kibria,B. Bhattacharyya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-20
ISBN : 9811521174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book bridges the gap between the demand for micro-featured components on the one hand, and successful micromachining of miniature products on the other. In addition to covering micromachining in the broader sense, it specifically addresses novel machining strategies implemented in various advanced micromachining processes to improve machining accuracy, energy consumption, component durability, and miniature-scale applicability. The book’s main goal is to present the capabilities of advanced micromachining processes in terms of miniature product manufacturing by highlighting various innovative machining strategies that can be used to augment the production scale and precision alike.

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780824750503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology book written by James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanoscale Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics

Nanoscale Ferroelectrics and Multiferroics Book
Author : Miguel Alguero,J. Marty Gregg,Liliana Mitoseriu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-21
ISBN : 1118935705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two volume set reviews the key issues in processing and characterization of nanoscale ferroelectrics and multiferroics, and provides a comprehensive description of their properties, with an emphasis in differentiating size effects of extrinsic ones like boundary or interface effects. Recently described nanoscale novel phenomena are also addressed. Organized into three parts it addresses key issues in processing (nanostructuring), characterization (of the nanostructured materials) and nanoscale effects. Taking full advantage of the synergies between nanoscale ferroelectrics and multiferroics, the text covers materials nanostructured at all levels, from ceramic technologies like ferroelectric nanopowders, bulk nanostructured ceramics and thick films, and magnetoelectric nanocomposites, to thin films, either polycrystalline layer heterostructures or epitaxial systems, and to nanoscale free standing objects with specific geometries, such as nanowires and tubes at different levels of development. This set is developed from the high level European scientific knowledge platform built within the COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action on Single and multiphase ferroics and multiferroics with restricted geometries (SIMUFER, ref. MP0904). Chapter contributors have been carefully selected, and have all made major contributions to knowledge of the respective topics, and overall, they are among most respected scientists in the field.