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Tin Oxide Materials

Tin Oxide Materials Book
Author : Marcelo Ornaghi Orlandi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-05
ISBN : 0128162791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tin Oxide Materials: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications discusses the latest in metal oxides, an emerging area in electronic materials. As more is learned about this important materials system, more functionalities and applications have been revealed. This key reference on the topic covers important material that is ideal for materials scientists, materials engineers and materials chemists who have been introduced to metal oxides as a general category of materials, but want to take the next step and learn more about a specific material. Provides a complete resource on tin oxide materials systems, including in-depth discussions of properties, their synthesis, modelling methods, and applications Presents information on the well-investigated SnO2, but also includes discussions on its emerging stoichiometries, such as SnO and Sn3O4 Includes the most relevant applications in varistors, sensing devices, fuel cells, transistors, biological studies, and much more

Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Materials

Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Materials Book
Author : Ali Reza Khataee,G. Ali Mansoori
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9814374725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past decade, research and development in the area of synthesis and applications of different nanostructured titanium dioxide have become tremendous. This book briefly describes properties, production, modification and applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide focusing in particular on photocatalytic activity. The physicochemical properties of nanostructured titanium dioxide are highlighted and the links between properties and applications are emphasized. The preparation of TiO2 nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, nanosheets, nanofibers, and nanotubes are primarily categorized by their preparation method (sol-gel and hydrothermal processes). Examples of early applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide in dye-sensitized solar cells, hydrogen production and storage, sensors, rechargeable batteries, electrocatalysis, self-cleaning and antibacterial surfaces and photocatalytic cancer treatment are reviewed. The review of modifications of TiO2 nanomaterials is mainly focused on the research related to the modifications of the optical properties of TiO2 nanomaterials, since many applications of TiO2 nanomaterials are closely related to their optical properties. Photocatalytic removal of various pollutants using pure TiO2 nanomaterials, TiO2-based nanoclays and non-metal doped nanostructured TiO2 are also discussed.

Towards Organometallic Indium Tin Oxide Materials

Towards Organometallic Indium Tin Oxide Materials Book
Author : Marshall Hoey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Towards Organometallic Indium Tin Oxide Materials book written by Marshall Hoey, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electrical Contacts

Electrical Contacts Book
Author : Paul G. Slade
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351832719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering the theory, application, and testing of contact materials, Electrical Contacts: Principles and Applications, Second Edition introduces a thorough discussion on making electric contact and contact interface conduction; presents a general outline of, and measurement techniques for, important corrosion mechanisms; considers the results of contact wear when plug-in connections are made and broken; investigates the effect of thin noble metal plating on electronic connections; and relates crucial considerations for making high- and low-power contact joints. It examines contact use in switching devices, including the interruption of AC and DC circuits with currents in the range 10mA to 100kA and circuits up to 1000V, and describes arc formation between open contacts and between opening contacts. Arcing effects on contacts such as erosion, welding, and contamination are also addressed. Containing nearly 3,000 references, tables, equations, figures, drawings, and photographs, the book provides practical examples encompassing everything from electronic circuits to high power circuits, or microamperes to mega amperes. The new edition: Reflects the latest advances in electrical contact science and technology Examines current research on contact corrosion, materials, and switching Includes updates and revisions in each chapter, as well as up-to-date references and new figures and examples throughout Delivers three new chapters on the effects of dust contamination, electronic sensing for switching systems, and contact phenomena for micro-electronic systems (MEMS) applications With contributions from recognized experts in the field, Electrical Contacts: Principles and Applications, Second Edition assists practicing scientists and engineers in the prevention of costly system failures, as well as offers a comprehensive introduction to the subject for technology graduate students, by expanding their knowledge of electrical contact phenomena.

Novel Gas Sensors and Catalysis Based on Tin Oxide Materials

Novel Gas Sensors and Catalysis Based on Tin Oxide Materials Book
Author : Colin David Alan Bulpitt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Novel Gas Sensors and Catalysis Based on Tin Oxide Materials book written by Colin David Alan Bulpitt, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Oxide Materials for Electronic Engineering Fabrication Properties and Applications

Oxide Materials for Electronic Engineering   Fabrication  Properties and Applications Book
Author : Sergii Ubizskii,Leonid Vasylechko,Yaroslav Zhydachevskii
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-04-10
ISBN : 3038260622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The volume contains conference papers on selected contributions presented at the OMEE-2012 Conference. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The papers are grouped into the following chapters: Technology of the active media for electronic engineering; Active media fundamentals: crystal structure, micro- and nanostructure, electronic structure; Nanoparticles, nano-ceramics and nano-composites; Materials for quantum and optoelectronics, defects, impurities and transport phenomena; Magnetic properties, superconductivity and applications; Materials for sensing.

Fluorinated Materials for Energy Conversion

Fluorinated Materials for Energy Conversion Book
Author : Tsuyoshi Nakajima,Henri Groult
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-08-18
ISBN : 9780080444727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluorinated Materials for Energy Conversion offers advanced information on the application of fluorine chemistry to energy conversion materials for lithium batteries, fuel cells, solar cells and so on. Fluorine compounds and fluorination techniques have recently gained important roles in improving the electrochemical characteristics of such energy production devices. The book therefore focuses on new batteries with high performance, the improvements of cell performance and the improvement of electrode and cell characteristics. The authors present new information on the effect of fluorine and how to make use of fluorination techniques and fluorine compounds. With emphasis on recent developments, this book is suitable for students, researchers and engineers working in chemistry, materials science and electrical engineering. Contains practical information, supported by examples Provides an update on recent developments in the field Written by specialists working in fluorine chemistry, electrochemistry, polymer and solid state chemistry

Synthesis and Characterisation of Oxide Materials

Synthesis and Characterisation of Oxide Materials Book
Author : A. Ayeshamariam
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2014-10
ISBN : 9783659610127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study helps to new researchers to learn about oxide semiconducting materials and its some properties, the doping of these two materials gave Indium tin oxide materials which has plenty of optoelectronic applications.Indium tin oxide (In2O3: Sn) is an n-type semiconducting material with wide band gap. With oxygen deficiency they become conducting whereas in stoichiometric condition insulators. The resistance variation when exposed to gaseous atmosphere plays crucial role in gas sensing applications of these materials. Gas sensing materials should have large surface area so that contacting area between the grains and gaseous molecules will be increased manifold, which will enhance the sensitivity and selectivity of sensors. In2O3, SnO2 and In2O3: Sn have been used in powder, thick film and thin film form as gas sensing material out of which powder based sensing elements provide a single step way of making low cost sensors. For these purpose powders of these semiconductor oxides are to be prepared with nano grains having large specific surface are

Refractory Materials

Refractory Materials Book
Author : Gerald Routschka
Publisher : Vulkan-Verlag GmbH
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9783802731587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides, in a compact format, basic knowledge and practically oriented information on specific properties of refractory materials, on their testing and inspection, and on interpretation of test results. Tables and illustrations are used to clarify fundamental concepts on a comparative basis. This pocket format manual provides an overview of the diverse range of modern refractories and their application-relevant properties. Its main feature is a series of practice-derived articles by well-known authors in the field on the various material groups and their characteristic property data. The content has deliberately been kept concise and instructive, abstracting and more detailed works are referenced.

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE Handbook

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment  WEEE  Handbook Book
Author : Vannessa Goodship,Ab Stevels,Jaco Huisman
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-07-13
ISBN : 0081021593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Handbook, Second Edition, is a one-stop reference on current electronic waste legislation initiatives, their impact, and the latest technological considerations for reducing electronic waste (e-waste) and increasing the efficiency of materials recovery. It also provides a wide-range of global and corporate examples and perspectives on the challenges that face specific regions and companies, along with the solutions they are implementing in managing e-waste, offering further insights on how discarded products can be treated. Sections introduce the reader to legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE and discuss technologies for the refurbishment, treatment and recycling of waste electronics. Further sections focus on electronic products that present particular challenges for recyclers, explore sustainable design of electronics and supply chains, discuss national and regional WEEE management schemes, and more. Addresses the latest challenges and opportunities for electronic waste (e-waste) management, including e-waste collection models, circular economy implications, rare earth metal recovery, and much more Draws lessons for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) policy and practice from around the world Discusses legislation and initiatives to manage WEEE, including global e-waste initiatives, EU legislation relating to electronic waste, and eco-efficiency evaluation of WEEE take-back systems

Infrared Nanophotonics

Infrared Nanophotonics Book
Author : Tadaaki Nagao
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-04-21
ISBN : 3036501746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Infrared light radiates from almost all the matter on earth, and its strategic use will be an important issue for the enhancement of human life and the sustainable development of modern industry. Since its frequency is in the same region as phonons or molecular vibrations of materials, measuring its emission or absorption spectra helps us in characterizing and identifying materials in a non-destructive manner. Meanwhile, if we can spectroscopically design infrared emission by tuning chemical composition or artificially controlling nano- to mesoscale structures, this will have a great impact on industrial applications, such as thermophotovoltaics, energy-saving drying furnaces, spectroscopic infrared light sources, and various types of infrared sensors. In this Special Issue, we encourage submissions from researchers who are working on infrared nanophotonics based on MEMS/NEMS, and nanomaterials science, ranging from materials synthesis, to device fabrications, electromagnetic simulations, and thermal managements. Important topics of growing interest are wavelength-selective infrared emitters and detectors, where we can see rapid development in the fields of nano-plasmonics and metamaterials, and we invite such topics for inclusion in this Special Issue. We also encourage submissions on nano-materials science such as on graphene-based infrared detectors/emitters, and nanostructured narrow-band gap semiconductors.

The Potter s Dictionary of Materials and Techniques

The Potter s Dictionary of Materials and Techniques Book
Author : Frank Hamer,Janet Hamer
Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
Release : 2004-06-23
ISBN : 9780812238105
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now available in its fifth edition, The Potter's Dictionary of Materials and Techniques presents a comprehensive survey of all aspects of making ceramics for craft potters and ceramic artists. With its sound, practical explanations of ceramic processes, this indispensable reference book has gained a reputation as "the potter's bible." Professional potters, beginners, students, and collectors will find authoritative information clearly and logically presented. Frank and Janet Hamer explain the sources and character of materials, the behavior of clays and glaze minerals during forming and firing processes, forming methods, and glaze construction. In addition to brief outlines and detailed articles with cross references to illustrations, color photographs illustrate glaze effects and surfaces featured in the work of inventive, contemporary potters. The varied techniques of Raku, maiolica, crystalline glazes, salt and soda, stoneware, and porcelain are also presented in a new color section. This new edition has been updated to include auto-reduction, crystalline glazes, insulation, stains, and specialized firing and fuming techniques. With upwards of 800 illustrations to clarify everything in the ceramic world, in its fifth edition The Potter's Dictionary of Materials and Techniques will continue to serve as the authority on all things ceramic.

Oxide Based Materials and Structures

Oxide Based Materials and Structures Book
Author : Rada Savkina,Larysa Khomenkova
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-07
ISBN : 100005439X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oxide-based materials and structures are becoming increasingly important in a wide range of practical fields including microelectronics, photonics, spintronics, power harvesting, and energy storage in addition to having environmental applications. This book provides readers with a review of the latest research and an overview of cutting-edge patents received in the field. It covers a wide range of materials, techniques, and approaches that will be of interest to both established and early-career scientists in nanoscience and nanotechnology, surface and material science, and bioscience and bioengineering in addition to graduate students in these areas. Features: Contains the latest research and developments in this exciting and emerging field Explores both the fundamentals and applications of the research Covers a wide range of materials, techniques, and approaches

Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing PRICM 8

Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing  PRICM 8  Book
Author : FernD.S. Marquis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-21
ISBN : 3319487647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PRICM-8 features the most prominent and largest-scale interactions in advanced materials and processing in the Pacific Rim region. The conference is unique in its intrinsic nature and architecture which crosses many traditional discipline and cultural boundaries. This is a comprehensive collection of papers from the 15 symposia presented at this event.

Solid State Electrochemistry I

Solid State Electrochemistry I Book
Author : Vladislav V. Kharton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-07-10
ISBN : 3527627871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The only comprehensive handbook on this important and rapidly developing topic combines fundamental information with a brief overview of recent advances in solid state electrochemistry, primarily targeting specialists working in this scientific field. Particular attention is focused on the most important developments performed during the last decade, methodological and theoretical aspects of solid state electrochemistry, as well as practical applications. The highly experienced editor has included chapters with critical reviews of theoretical approaches, experimental methods and modeling techniques, providing definitions and explaining relevant terminology as necessary. Several other chapters cover all the key groups of the ion-conducting solids important for practice, namely cationic, protonic, oxygen-anionic and mixed conductors, but also conducting polymer and hybrid materials. Finally, the whole is rounded off by brief surveys of advances in the fields of fuel cells, solid-state batteries, electrochemical sensors, and other applications of ion-conducting solids. Due to the very interdisciplinary nature of this topic, this is of great interest to material scientists, polymer chemists, physicists, and industrial scientists, too.

Nanomaterials via Single Source Precursors

Nanomaterials via Single Source Precursors Book
Author : Allen Apblett,Andrew Barron,Aloysius F. Hepp
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-02-19
ISBN : 0128203447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials via Single-Source Precursors: Synthesis, Processing and Applications presents recent results and overviews of synthesis, processing, characterization and applications of advanced materials for energy, electronics, biomedicine, sensors and aerospace. A variety of processing methods (vapor, liquid and solid-state) are covered, along with materials, including metals, oxides, semiconductor, sulfides, selenides, nitrides, and carbon-based materials. Production of quantum dots, nanoparticles, thin films and composites are described by a collection of international experts. Given the ability to customize the phase, morphology, and properties of target materials, this “rational approach to synthesis and processing is a disruptive technology for electronic, energy, structural and biomedical (nano)materials and devices. The use of single-source chemical precursors for materials processing technology allows for intimate elemental mixing and hence production of complex materials at temperatures well below traditional physical methods and those involving direct combination of elements. The use of lower temperatures enables thin-film deposition on lightweight polymer substrates and reduces damage to complex devices structures such as used in power, electronics and sensors. Discusses new approaches to synthesis or single-source precursors (SSPs) and the concept of rational design of materials Includes materials processing of SSPs in the design of new materials and novel devices Provides comprehensive coverage of the subject (materials science and chemistry) as related to SSPs and the range of potential applications

III Nitrides Light Emitting Diodes Technology and Applications

III Nitrides Light Emitting Diodes  Technology and Applications Book
Author : Jinmin Li,Junxi Wang,Xiaoyan Yi,Zhiqiang Liu,Tongbo Wei,Jianchang Yan,Bin Xue
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-31
ISBN : 9811579490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides an overview of III-nitride-material-based light-emitting diode (LED) technology, from the basic material physics to the latest advances in the field, such as homoepitaxy and heteroepitaxy of the materials on different substrates. It also includes the latest advances in the field, such as approaches to improve quantum efficiency and reliability as well as novel structured LEDs. It explores the concept of material growth, chip structure, packaging, reliability and application of LEDs. With spectra coverage from ultraviolet (UV) to entire visible light wavelength, the III-nitride-material-based LEDs have a broad application potential, and are not just limited to illumination. These novel applications, such as health & medical, visible light communications, fishery and horticulture, are also discussed in the book.

Closed Cycle Frequency Stable CO2 Laser Technology

Closed Cycle  Frequency Stable CO2 Laser Technology Book
Author : Carmen E. Batten
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Closed Cycle Frequency Stable CO2 Laser Technology book written by Carmen E. Batten, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Titanium Dioxide TiO2 and Its Applications

Titanium Dioxide  TiO2  and Its Applications Book
Author : Francesco Parrino,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-29
ISBN : 0128204346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientific interest in TiO2-based materials has exponentially grown in the last few decades. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications introduces the main physicochemical properties of TiO2 which are the basis of its applications in various fields. While the basic principles of the TiO2 properties have been the subject of various previous publications, this book is mainly devoted to TiO2 applications. The book includes contributions written by experts from a wide range of disciplines in order to address titanium dioxide's utilization in energy, consumer, materials, devices, and catalytic applications. The various applications identified include: photocatalysis, catalysis, optics, electronics, energy storage and production, ceramics, pigments, cosmetics, sensors, and heat transfer. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications is suitable for a wide readership in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, and engineering in both academia and industry. Includes a wide range of current and emerging applications of titanium dioxide in the fields of energy, consumer applications, materials, and devices Provides a brief overview of titanium dioxide and its properties, as well as techniques to design, deposit, and study the material Discusses the relevant properties, preparation methods, and other apposite considerations in each application-focused chapter

Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells Book
Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Kandasamy Jothivenkatachalam,Karuppanapillai B. Bhojanaa
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-10-30
ISBN : 1119557399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offers an Interdisciplinary approach to the engineering of functional materials for efficient solar cell technology Written by a collection of experts in the field of solar cell technology, this book focuses on the engineering of a variety of functional materials for improving photoanode efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The first two chapters describe operation principles of DSSC, charge transfer dynamics, as well as challenges and solutions for improving DSSCs. The remaining chapters focus on interfacial engineering of functional materials at the photoanode surface to create greater output efficiency. Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells begins by introducing readers to the history, configuration, components, and working principles of DSSC It then goes on to cover both nanoarchitectures and light scattering materials as photoanode. Function of compact (blocking) layer in the photoanode and of TiCl4 post-treatment in the photoanode are examined at next. Next two chapters look at photoanode function of doped semiconductors and binary semiconductor metal oxides. Other chapters consider nanocomposites, namely, plasmonic nanocomposites, carbon nanotube based nanocomposites, graphene based nanocomposites, and graphite carbon nitride based nanocompositesas photoanodes. The book: Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals through the applications of DSSC Encompasses topics on various functional materials for DSSC technology Focuses on the novel design and application of materials in DSSC, to develop more efficient renewable energy sources Is useful for material scientists, engineers, physicists, and chemists interested in functional materials for the design of efficient solar cells Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells will be of great benefit to graduate students, researchers and engineers, who work in the multi-disciplinary areas of material science, engineering, physics, and chemistry.