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Thyroid Cancer And Nuclear Accidents

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Thyroid Cancer and Nuclear Accidents

Thyroid Cancer and Nuclear Accidents Book
Author : Shunichi Yamashita,Geraldine Thomas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-03-29
ISBN : 0128127694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thyroid Cancer and Nuclear Accidents: Long-Term Aftereffects of Chernobyl and Fukushima discusses the radiobiological effects of the release of radioiodine from two nuclear power plant accidents and appropriate interpretation of the results of thyroid ultrasound examination. The book pulls together expert opinion on radiation related thyroid cancer in an understandable manner, even for non thyroidologists. The book explains what has been learned from both accidents in relation to prevention of thyroid cancer following nuclear power plant accidents. The book encompasses topics such as risk estimations of thyroid cancer following nuclear accidents and clinical aspects after those specific situations. Additionally, it discusses in detail the reports from Fukushima related to thyroid cancer in the population. This book is a valuable resource for oncologists and biomedical researchers with interest in nuclear accidents and cancer cases. Offers an overview of the major cancer reports from the Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters Encompasses authoritative data and interpretation of the thyroid screening program in Japan Presents the content in a didactic way to help readers interpret and explain the topic to non-experts Discusses risk estimations of thyroid cancer following nuclear accidents

Thyroid Cancer and Nuclear Accidents

Thyroid Cancer and Nuclear Accidents Book
Author : Shunichi Yamashita,Geraldine Thomas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-04-10
ISBN : 9780128127681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thyroid Cancer and Nuclear Accidents: Long-Term Aftereffects of Chernobyl and Fukushima discusses the radiobiological effects of the release of radioiodine from two nuclear power plant accidents and appropriate interpretation of the results of thyroid ultrasound examination. The book pulls together expert opinion on radiation related thyroid cancer in an understandable manner, even for non thyroidologists. The book explains what has been learned from both accidents in relation to prevention of thyroid cancer following nuclear power plant accidents. The book encompasses topics such as risk estimations of thyroid cancer following nuclear accidents and clinical aspects after those specific situations. Additionally, it discusses in detail the reports from Fukushima related to thyroid cancer in the population. This book is a valuable resource for oncologists and biomedical researchers with interest in nuclear accidents and cancer cases. Offers an overview of the major cancer reports from the Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters Encompasses authoritative data and interpretation of the thyroid screening program in Japan Presents the content in a didactic way to help readers interpret and explain the topic to non-experts Discusses risk estimations of thyroid cancer following nuclear accidents

Exposure of the American People to Iodine 131 from Nevada Nuclear Bomb Tests

Exposure of the American People to Iodine 131 from Nevada Nuclear Bomb Tests Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute of Medicine,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Exposure of the American People to I-131 from the Nevada Atomic Bomb Tests,Committee on Thyroid Screening Related to I-131 Exposure
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-06-17
ISBN : 030906175X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1997, after more than a decade of research, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) released a report which provided their assessment of radiation exposures that Americans may have received from radioactive iodine released from the atomic bomb tests conducted in Nevada during the 1950s and early 1960s. This book provides an evaluation of the soundness of the methodology used by the NCI study to estimate: Past radiation doses. Possible health consequences of exposure to iodine-131. Implications for clinical practice. Possible public health strategiesâ€"such as systematic screening for thyroid cancerâ€"to respond to the exposures. In addition, the book provides an evaluation of the NCI estimates of the number of thyroid cancers that might result from the nuclear testing program and provides guidance on approaches the U.S. government might use to communicate with the public about Iodine-131 exposures and health risks.

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U S Nuclear Plants

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U S  Nuclear Plants Book
Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety and Security of U.S. Nuclear Plants,National Research Council,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher : National Academy Press
Release : 2014-10-29
ISBN : 9780309272537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The March 11, 2011, Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami sparked a humanitarian disaster in northeastern Japan. They were responsible for more than 15,900 deaths and 2,600 missing persons as well as physical infrastructure damages exceeding $200 billion. The earthquake and tsunami also initiated a severe nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Three of the six reactors at the plant sustained severe core damage and released hydrogen and radioactive materials. Explosion of the released hydrogen damaged three reactor buildings and impeded onsite emergency response efforts. The accident prompted widespread evacuations of local populations, large economic losses, and the eventual shutdown of all nuclear power plants in Japan. "Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety and Security of U.S. Nuclear Plants" is a study of the Fukushima Daiichi accident. This report examines the causes of the crisis, the performance of safety systems at the plant, and the responses of its operators following the earthquake and tsunami. The report then considers the lessons that can be learned and their implications for U.S. safety and storage of spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste, commercial nuclear reactor safety and security regulations, and design improvements. "Lessons Learned" makes recommendations to improve plant systems, resources, and operator training to enable effective ad hoc responses to severe accidents. This report's recommendations to incorporate modern risk concepts into safety regulations and improve the nuclear safety culture will help the industry prepare for events that could challenge the design of plant structures and lead to a loss of critical safety functions. In providing a broad-scope, high-level examination of the accident, "Lessons Learned" is meant to complement earlier evaluations by industry and regulators. This in-depth review will be an essential resource for the nuclear power industry, policy makers, and anyone interested in the state of U.S. preparedness and response in the face of crisis situations.

Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident

Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Radiation Effects Research,Committee to Assess the Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2004-01-17
ISBN : 0309090989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactive iodines are produced during the operation of nuclear power plants and during the detonation of nuclear weapons. In the event of a radiation incident, radioiodine is one of the contaminants that could be released into the environment. Exposure to radioiodine can lead to radiation injury to the thyroid, including thyroid cancer. Radiation to the thyroid from radioiodine can be limited by taking a nonradioactive iodine (stable iodine) such as potassium iodide. This book assesses strategies for the distribution and administration of potassium iodide (KI) in the event of a nuclear incident. The report says that potassium iodide pills should be available to everyone age 40 or youngerâ€"especially children and pregnant and lactating womenâ€"living near a nuclear power plant. States and municipalities should decide how to stockpile, distribute, and administer potassium iodide tablets, and federal agencies should keep a backup supply of tablets and be prepared to distribute them to affected areas.

Iodine Thyroid Blocking

Iodine Thyroid Blocking Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-01-11
ISBN : 9789241550185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These guidelines are an update of the 1999 World Health Organization (WHO) guidance on the use of iodine thyroid blocking (ITB) with a special focus on public health considerations of ITB implementation.These guidelines provide a recommendation on iodine thyroid blocking (ITB), via oral administration of stable iodine, as an urgent protective action in responding to a nuclear accident. This recommendation aims to support emergency planners, policy makers, public health specialists, clinicians and other relevant stakeholders, in order to strengthen public health preparedness for radiation emergencies in WHO Member States as required by the International Health Regulations (IHR) and in line with the international safety standards (GSR Part 7). The scope of the guidelines is confined to public health aspects of planning and implementation of ITB before and during a radiation emergency, such as dosage and timing of ITB administration, adverse effects of stable iodine, its packaging, storage, and distribution.

Thyroid FNA Cytology

Thyroid FNA Cytology Book
Author : Kennichi Kakudo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-06
ISBN : 9811318972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive guide to thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology. Borderline/precursor tumors, which were introduced in the 4th edition of the WHO classification of thyroid tumors, are also incorporated. In this second edition, prominent international experts discuss the different approaches to thyroid FNA cytology employed in various countries such as Australia, Canada, China, Korea, Portugal, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, the USA, UK, Italy and Japan. The book not only covers key principles of thyroid cytopathology but also addresses technical aspects such as procedural complications, liquid-based cytology, immunocytochemistry, staining procedures, and potential pitfalls. Case-based descriptions and clinical findings, radiologic imaging, cytology, and histopathologic diagnosis – all complemented by a wealth of detailed photographs – will help reader understand and overcome many common dilemmas in daily practice. As such, the book represents an indispensable reference work for all cytopathologists, especially those practicing thyroid cytopathology.

What You Need to Know about Thyroid Cancer

What You Need to Know about Thyroid Cancer Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download What You Need to Know about Thyroid Cancer book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes

Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes Book
Author : John A.H. Wass,Paul M. Stewart
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 0199235295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its second edition, the Oxford Textbook of Endocrinology and Diabetes is a fully comprehensive, evidence-based, and highly-valued reference work combining basic science with clinical guidance, and providing first rate advice on diagnosis and treatment.

Radiation And Thyroid Cancer

Radiation And Thyroid Cancer Book
Author : Karaoglou Anna,Thomas G,Williams E D
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1999-03-12
ISBN : 9814543896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This proceedings presents lectures on the standard model of electroweak and strong interactions, string theory, experiments and accelerators, supersymmetry and supersymmetric unified models, and the interface of astrophysics and particle physics.

Industrial and Medical Nuclear Accidents

Industrial and Medical Nuclear Accidents Book
Author : Jean-Claude Amiard
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 1119629500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The peaceful use of atomic energy has given rise to a variety of nuclear accidents from the start. This concerns all forms of use, industrial and medical. For each accident, Industrial and Medical Nuclear Accidents details the contamination of the environment, flora and fauna, and quantifies the effects of ionizing radiation. The book also examines the adverse effects on the health, both physical and mental, of the human populations concerned. The monetary cost is also evaluated. The research presented in this book is based on scientifically recognized publications and on the reports of national and international organizations competent in this field (IAEA, WHO, UNSCEAR, IRSN, etc.). The book contains chapters devoted to the most recent accidents (Chernobyl and Fukushima), with a large body of institutional and academic literature.

Diseases of the Thyroid

Diseases of the Thyroid Book
Author : M. Wheeler,J. Lazarus
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-09-04
ISBN : 9780412430305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides a practical, up-to-date account of the management of thyroid disease. It presents a view of both medical and surgical treatment, and the pathophysiological background. Particular emphasis is given to basic mechanisms, such as thyroid growth and the role of oncogenes in thyroid cancer. The effects of radiation on the thyroid are given high prominence in view of public concern over recent nuclear accidents. Autoimmune thyroid disease constitutes a large part of clinical thyroidology and the background to this disease is emphasized.

A Multiple Objective Decision Analysis for Terrorism Protection Potassium Iodide Distribution in Nuclear Incidents

A Multiple Objective Decision Analysis for Terrorism Protection  Potassium Iodide Distribution in Nuclear Incidents Book
Author : Alexandra Barokova,Miroslava Jergusova
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-09-22
ISBN : 9783668299498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Medicine - Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, grade: 3, University of Vienna (Institut fur Betriebswirtschaftslehre), course: OR in Health Care, language: English, abstract: This decision analysis was compiled in order to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the different possible potassium iodide (KI) distribution methods for a hypothetical local region. The possibility of the release of radioactive iodine caused by nuclear accidents or terrorist actions makes it crucial to come up with the best distribution methods of KI in order to protect people against thyroid cancer."

Seeing the Light The Case for Nuclear Power in the 21st Century

Seeing the Light  The Case for Nuclear Power in the 21st Century Book
Author : Scott L. Montgomery,Thomas Graham, Jr
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-09-14
ISBN : 1108418228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first accessible book to discuss all aspects of nuclear power to help combat climate change and lethal air pollution.

Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities

Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations Near Nuclear Facilities Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Committee on the Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations near Nuclear Facilitiesâ¬"Phase I
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-06-29
ISBN : 0309255716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the late 1980s, the National Cancer Institute initiated an investigation of cancer risks in populations near 52 commercial nuclear power plants and 10 Department of Energy nuclear facilities (including research and nuclear weapons production facilities and one reprocessing plant) in the United States. The results of the NCI investigation were used a primary resource for communicating with the public about the cancer risks near the nuclear facilities. However, this study is now over 20 years old. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission requested that the National Academy of Sciences provide an updated assessment of cancer risks in populations near USNRC-licensed nuclear facilities that utilize or process uranium for the production of electricity. Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations near Nuclear Facilities: Phase 1 focuses on identifying scientifically sound approaches for carrying out an assessment of cancer risks associated with living near a nuclear facility, judgments about the strengths and weaknesses of various statistical power, ability to assess potential confounding factors, possible biases, and required effort. The results from this Phase 1 study will be used to inform the design of cancer risk assessment, which will be carried out in Phase 2. This report is beneficial for the general public, communities near nuclear facilities, stakeholders, healthcare providers, policy makers, state and local officials, community leaders, and the media.

Manual for Survival

Manual for Survival Book
Author : Kate Brown
Publisher : Penguin UK
Release : 2019-03-12
ISBN : 024135207X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Governments and journalists tell us that though Chernobyl was "the worst nuclear disaster in history," a reassuringly small number of people died (44), and nature recovered. Yet, drawing on a decade of fine-grained archival research and interviews in Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus, Kate Brown uncovers a much more disturbing story, one in which radioactive isotypes caused hundreds of thousands of casualties. Scores of Soviet scientists, bureaucrats, and civilians documented stunning increases in cases of birth defects, child mortality, cancers, and a multitude of prosaic diseases, which they linked to Chernobyl. Worried that this evidence would blow the lid on the effects of massive radiation release from weapons testing during the Cold War, international scientists and diplomats tried to bury or discredit it. A haunting revelation of how political exigencies shape responses to disaster, Manual for Survival makes clear the irreversible impact on every living thing not just from Chernobyl, but from eight decades of radiation from nuclear energy and weaponry.

Radiation

Radiation Book
Author : Robert Peter Gale,Eric Lax
Publisher : Vintage
Release : 2013-01-29
ISBN : 0307959708
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The essential guide to radiation: the good, the bad, and the utterly fascinating, explained with unprecedented clarity. Earth, born in a nuclear explosion, is a radioactive planet; without radiation, life would not exist. And while radiation can be dangerous, it is also deeply misunderstood and often mistakenly feared. Now Robert Peter Gale, M.D,—the doctor to whom concerned governments turned in the wake of the Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters—in collaboration with medical writer Eric Lax draws on an exceptional depth of knowledge to correct myths and establish facts. Exploring what have become trigger words for anxiety—nuclear energy and nuclear weapons, uranium, plutonium, iodine-131, mammogram, X-ray, CT scan, threats to the food chain—the authors demystify the science and dangers of radiation, and examine its myriad benefits, from safely sterilizing our food to the relatively low-risk fuel alternative of nuclear energy. This is the book for all readers who have asked themselves questions such as: What kinds of radiation, and what degree of exposure, cause cancer? What aftereffects have nuclear accidents and bombs had? Does radiation increase the likelihood of birth defects? And how does radiation work? Hugely illuminating, Radiation is the definitive road map to our post-Chernobyl, post-Fukushima world.

Management of Thyroid Cancer and Related Nodular Disease

Management of Thyroid Cancer and Related Nodular Disease Book
Author : I. Ross McDougall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-10-27
ISBN : 1846280060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers all aspects of thyroid cancer. Heavily illustrated and including pathology, thyroid and whole-body scans, ultrasounds and other nuclear medicine and radiological studies, the book addresses important issues that physicians should cover when dealing with their patients. The text is designed for physicians, endocrinologists, nuclear medicine physicians, general and head and neck surgeons, oncologists and radiation oncologists, and primary care doctors. Other groups are residents, medical students, and nurse practitioners researching a patient-related problem.

Nuclear Accidents

Nuclear Accidents Book
Author : Jean-Claude Amiard
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-02-26
ISBN : 1786303353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Detailing the estimation and perception of nuclear risk, this book follows military and civilian nuclear accidents, plus the systems put in place by national and international authorities for recording and analyzing feedback. Prevention and anticipation being the best defenses against a nuclear accident, the authorities have also categorized the different types of accidents, and are doing research to better understand and control them. In light of this, this book shows how the authorities take practical measures to protect neighboring populations and limit radioactive contamination of the environment. Frances experience in this arena is well-documented and a chapter of this book is devoted to the fight against terrorist attacks in the nuclear field. Nuclear Accidents is based on scientifically-recognized publications, as well as on reports from the various countries concerned, and the national and international organizations competent in this field (IAEA, WHO, UNSCEAR, IRSN, etc.).