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Thermohydrodynamic Programming And Constructal Design In Microsystems

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Thermohydrodynamic Programming and Constructal Design in Microsystems

Thermohydrodynamic Programming and Constructal Design in Microsystems Book
Author : Tao Dong
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06
ISBN : 9780128131916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermohydrodynamic Programming and Constructal Design in Microsystems explains the direction of a morphing system configuration that is illustrated by life evolution in nature. This is sometimes referred to as the fourth law of thermodynamics, and was first applied in thermofluidic engineering, with more recent applications in physics and biology. The book specifically focuses on synthetic modeling and constructal optimization in the design of microsystemic devices, which are of particular interest to researchers and practitioners in the sphere of micro- and nanoscale physics, a mechanistically deviation from conventional theory. The book is an important reference resource for researchers working in the area of micro- and nanosystems technology and those who want to learn more about how thermodynamics can be effectively applied at the micro level. Explains how the application of constructal theory can lead to more effective microsystems design Offers an introduction to the fundamentals and application to different flow and heat/mass transport systems Bridges the gap between theoretical design and optimization, from a practical point-of-view

Thermohydrodynamic Programming and Constructal Design in Microsystems

Thermohydrodynamic Programming and Constructal Design in Microsystems Book
Author : Tao Dong
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-20
ISBN : 0128131926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermohydrodynamic Programming and Constructal Design in Microsystems explains the direction of a morphing system configuration that is illustrated by life evolution in nature. This is sometimes referred to as the fourth law of thermodynamics, and was first applied in thermofluidic engineering, with more recent applications in physics and biology. The book specifically focuses on synthetic modeling and constructal optimization in the design of microsystemic devices, which are of particular interest to researchers and practitioners in the sphere of micro- and nanoscale physics, a mechanistically deviation from conventional theory. The book is an important reference resource for researchers working in the area of micro- and nanosystems technology and those who want to learn more about how thermodynamics can be effectively applied at the micro level. Explains how the application of constructal theory can lead to more effective microsystems design Offers an introduction to the fundamentals and application to different flow and heat/mass transport systems Bridges the gap between theoretical design and optimization, from a practical point-of-view

Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics

Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics Book
Author : Adrian Bejan,Gilbert W. Merkx
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-10-26
ISBN : 0387476814
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Constructal Theory of Social Dynamics brings together for the first time social scientists and engineers who present predictive theory of social organization, as a conglomerate of mating flows that morph in time to flow more easily. The book offers a new way to look at social phenomena as part of natural phenomena, and examines a new domain of application of engineering such as thermodynamic optimization, thermoeconomics and "design as science".

Selected Problems in Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer

Selected Problems in Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Book
Author : Artur J. Jaworski
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-09-20
ISBN : 3039214276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluid flow and heat transfer processes play an important role in many areas of science and engineering, from the planetary scale (e.g., influencing weather and climate) to the microscopic scales of enhancing heat transfer by the use of nanofluids; understood in the broadest possible sense, they also underpin the performance of many energy systems. This topical Special Issue of Energies is dedicated to the recent advances in this very broad field. This book will be of interest to readers not only in the fields of mechanical, aerospace, chemical, process and petroleum, energy, earth, civil ,and flow instrumentation engineering but, equally, biological and medical sciences, as well as physics and mathematics; that is, anywhere that “fluid flow and heat transfer” phenomena may play an important role or be a subject of worthy research pursuits.

Entropy Analysis in Thermal Engineering Systems

Entropy Analysis in Thermal Engineering Systems Book
Author : Yousef Haseli
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-23
ISBN : 0128191694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Entropy Analysis in Thermal Engineering Systems is a thorough reference on the latest formulation and limitations of traditional entropy analysis. Yousef Haseli draws on his own experience in thermal engineering as well as the knowledge of other global experts to explain the definitions and concepts of entropy and the significance of the second law of thermodynamics. The design and operation of systems is also described, as well as an analysis of the relationship between entropy change and exergy destruction in heat conversion and transfer. The book investigates the performance of thermal systems and the applications of the entropy analysis in thermal engineering systems to allow the reader to make clearer design decisions to maximize the energy potential of a thermal system. Includes applications of entropy analysis methods in thermal power generation systems Explains the relationship between entropy change and exergy destruction in an energy conversion/transfer process Guides the reader to accurately utilize entropy methods for the analysis of system performance to improve efficiency

Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming

Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming Book
Author : Jon Lee,Sven Leyffer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-02
ISBN : 1461419271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many engineering, operations, and scientific applications include a mixture of discrete and continuous decision variables and nonlinear relationships involving the decision variables that have a pronounced effect on the set of feasible and optimal solutions. Mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problems combine the numerical difficulties of handling nonlinear functions with the challenge of optimizing in the context of nonconvex functions and discrete variables. MINLP is one of the most flexible modeling paradigms available for optimization; but because its scope is so broad, in the most general cases it is hopelessly intractable. Nonetheless, an expanding body of researchers and practitioners — including chemical engineers, operations researchers, industrial engineers, mechanical engineers, economists, statisticians, computer scientists, operations managers, and mathematical programmers — are interested in solving large-scale MINLP instances.

Long term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska

Long term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska Book
Author : R.B. Spies
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-12-12
ISBN : 0080469426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive text is a major synthesis on ecological change in the Gulf of Alaska. It encompasses the structural and annual changes, forces of change, long-ecological changes in the atmosphere and ocean, plankton, fish, birds and mammals, and the effects of the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. With 5 major sections, Long-term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska first describes the physical features, the atmosphere and physical oceanography, the annual production cycle, the forage base for higher animals and trophic transfer, and the adaptations for survival in this changing environment for 9 portal species. Then, the major forces of change are introduced: climate, geophysics, fisheries and harvesting, species interactions, disease and contaminants. Next, the long-term records of change in physical factors and biological populations are presented, as well as the potential reasons for the biological changes. Following is the history of the Exxon Valdez oil spill and its long-term effects. And, finally, the emergent properties of the ecosystem are discussed and an attempt is made to weigh the importance of the major forcing factors in terms of their temporal and spatial scales of influence. * Examines important data on long-term change in the ecosystem and the forcing factors that are responsible for it * Provides an account of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill with emphasis on the long-term effects * Describes the effects of climate change, geophysical change, species interactions, harvesting, disease, the 1989 oil spill, and marine contaminants on key populations of marine organisms

Vesuvius Campi Flegrei and Campanian Volcanism

Vesuvius  Campi Flegrei  and Campanian Volcanism Book
Author : Benedetto De Vivo,Harvey E. Belkin,Giuseppe Rolandi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-11
ISBN : 0128175184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism communicates the state-of-the-art scientific knowledge on past and active volcanism in an area characterized by elevated risk due to high-density population. Eruptions, lahars and poisonous gas clouds have killed many thousands of people over recorded history, but volcanoes have given people some of the most fertile soil known in agriculture. The research presented in this book is useful for policymakers and researchers from these and other countries who are looking for risk assessment and volcanic evolution models they can apply to similar situations around the world. Naples and its surrounding area, in particular, the area situated between Vesuvius and the Campi Flegrei volcanic area has a population in excess of 4 million people. The volcanic areas that have similarly large populations in proximity to dormant, but hazardous volcanoes, i.e., Indonesia and Central America can also benefit from this work. Covers the fundamental science of volcanoes, including new developments in the last decade relating to the use of crystals and melt inclusions to model the nature and evolution of volatiles Includes the latest research on volcanism in Southern Italy that is presented as a case study for active and inactive volcanoes across the globe Presents research that is applicable around the world, for people, scientists and policymakers living on, or near, active volcanoes

The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes

The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes Book
Author : Francisco Pena-Pereira,Marek Tobiszewski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-02-28
ISBN : 0128054433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes features a logical progression of a wide range of topics and methods, beginning with an overview of green solvents, covering everything from water and organic solvents, to ionic liquids, switchable solvents, eutectic mixtures, supercritical fluids, gas-expanded solvents, and more. In addition, the book outlines green extraction techniques, such as green membrane extraction, ultrasound-assisted extraction, and surfactant-mediated extraction techniques. Green sampling and sample preparation techniques are then explored, followed by green analytical separations, including green gas and liquid capillary chromatography, counter current chromatography, supercritical fluid chromatography, capillary electrophoresis, and other electrical separations. Applications of green chemistry techniques that are relevant for a broad range of scientific and technological areas are covered, including the benefits and challenges associated with their application. Provides insights into recent advances in greener extraction and separation processes Gives an understanding of alternatives to harmful solvents commonly used in extraction and separation processes, as well as advanced techniques for such processes Written by a multidisciplinary group of internationally recognized scientists

Physical Properties of Rocks

Physical Properties of Rocks Book
Author : Jürgen Schön
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-02
ISBN : 0444537961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A symbiosis of a brief description of physical fundamentals of the rock properties (based on typical experimental results and relevant theories and models) with a guide for practical use of different theoretical concepts.

Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization

Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization Book
Author : Vimal Saxena,Michel Krief,Ludmila Adam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-04-28
ISBN : 012812332X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization combines in a single useful handbook the multidisciplinary domains of the petroleum industry, including the fundamental concepts of rock physics, acoustic logging, waveform processing, and geophysical application modeling through graphical examples derived from field data. It includes results from core studies, together with graphics that validate and support the modeling process, and explores all possible facets of acoustic applications in reservoir evaluation for hydrocarbon exploration, development, and drilling support. The Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization serves as a technical guide and research reference for oil and gas professionals, scientists, and students in the multidisciplinary field of reservoir characterization through the use of petrosonics. It overviews the fundamentals of borehole acoustics and rock physics, with a focus on reservoir evaluation applications, explores current advancements through updated research, and identifies areas of future growth. Presents theory, application, and limitations of borehole acoustics and rock physics through field examples and case studies Features "Petrosonic Workflows" for various acoustic applications and evaluations, which can be easily adapted for practical reservoir modeling and interpretation Covers the potential advantages of acoustic-based techniques and summarizes key results for easy geophysical application

Vehicle Thermal Management Systems Conference Proceedings VTMS11

Vehicle Thermal Management Systems Conference Proceedings  VTMS11  Book
Author : Institution of Mechanical Engineers
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-06-30
ISBN : 0857094734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The challenges facing vehicle thermal management continue to increase and optimise thermal energy management must continue as an integral part of any vehicle development programme. VTMS11 covers the latest research and technological advances in industry and academia, automotive and off-highway. Topics addressed include: IC engine thermal loading, exhaust and emissions; HEV, EV and alternative powertrain challenges; Waste heat recovery and thermodynamic efficiency improvement; Cooling systems; Heating, A/C, comfort and climate control; Underhood heat transfer and air flow management; Heat exchange components design, materials and manufacture; Thermal systems analysis, control and integration. Covers the latest research and technological advances Brings together developments from industry and academia Presents leading edge research on optimised thermal energy management

Fundamentals of Ocean Renewable Energy

Fundamentals of Ocean Renewable Energy Book
Author : Simon P. Neill,M Reza Hashemi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06-20
ISBN : 012810449X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Ocean Renewable Energy: Generating Electricity from the Sea presents the basic concepts of mechanics and introduces the various technical aspects of ocean renewable energy. Contents follow a logical sequence, starting with hydrodynamics and then separately examining each conversion technology, with special focus on tidal energy, offshore wind and wave energy, as well as current and ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC). The authors explore key topics for resource characterization and optimization, such as monitoring and measurement methods and ocean modeling. They also discuss the sustainability, planning, integration and distribution challenges for the implementation of these technologies, including co-location with other systems. Finally, case studies of ocean energy sites and devices allow for a better understanding of how ocean energy conversion works in real-world settings. This book is an invaluable resource for students at graduate and senior undergraduate level engineering (ocean, mechanical, and civil) and oceanography with prior knowledge of fluid mechanics and mechanics of materials. Presents the fundamental physics and theory behind ocean energy systems, covering both oceanographic and engineering aspects of ocean energy Explores the most widely adopted conversion technologies, including tidal, wave, offshore wind, ocean thermal and currents

Modern Engineering Thermodynamics

Modern Engineering Thermodynamics Book
Author : Robert T. Balmer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-01-25
ISBN : 9780080961736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern Engineering Thermodynamics is designed for use in a standard two-semester engineering thermodynamics course sequence. The first half of the text contains material suitable for a basic Thermodynamics course taken by engineers from all majors. The second half of the text is suitable for an Applied Thermodynamics course in mechanical engineering programs. The text has numerous features that are unique among engineering textbooks, including historical vignettes, critical thinking boxes, and case studies. All are designed to bring real engineering applications into a subject that can be somewhat abstract and mathematical. Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems provide opportunities to practice solving problems related to concepts in the text. Provides the reader with clear presentations of the fundamental principles of basic and applied engineering thermodynamics. Helps students develop engineering problem solving skills through the use of structured problem-solving techniques. Introduces the Second Law of Thermodynamics through a basic entropy concept, providing students a more intuitive understanding of this key course topic. Covers Property Values before the First Law of Thermodynamics to ensure students have a firm understanding of property data before using them. Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems offer students extensive opportunity to practice solving problems. Historical Vignettes, Critical Thinking boxes and Case Studies throughout the book help relate abstract concepts to actual engineering applications. For greater instructor flexibility at exam time, thermodynamic tables are provided in a separate accompanying booklet. Available online testing and assessment component helps students assess their knowledge of the topics. Email textbooks@elsevier.com for details.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book
Author : Michael I Ojovan,William E. Lee
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-12-03
ISBN : 0080993931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

Encyclopedia of Caves

Encyclopedia of Caves Book
Author : William B. White,David C. Culver,Tanja Pipan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-05-10
ISBN : 0128141255
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Caves, Third Edition, provides detailed background information to anyone with a serious interest in caves. This includes students, both undergraduate and graduate, in the earth, biological and environmental sciences, and consultants, environmental scientists, land managers and government agency staff whose work requires them to know something about caves and the biota that inhabit them. Caves touch on many scientific interests in geology, climate science, biology, hydrology, archaeology, and paleontology, as well as more popular interests in sport caving and cave exploration. Case studies and descriptions of specific caves selected for their special features and public interest are also included. This book will appeal to these audiences by providing in-depth essays written by expert authors chosen for their expertise in their assigned subject. Features 14 new chapters and 13 completely rewritten chapters Contains beautifully illustrated content, with more than 500 color images of cave life and features Provides extensive bibliographies that allow readers to access their subject of interest in greater depth

Laser Heating Applications

Laser Heating Applications Book
Author : Bekir Yilbas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-06-22
ISBN : 0124157823
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book describes those areas of thermodynamics which prove conductive to equilibrium and non-equilibrium heating theories in addition to yielding results that serve as data for further theories"--

Nonlinear Optimization of Vehicle Safety Structures

Nonlinear Optimization of Vehicle Safety Structures Book
Author : Jesper Christensen,Christophe Bastien
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-12-07
ISBN : 0124173098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonlinear Optimization of Vehicle Safety Structures: Modeling of Structures Subjected to Large Deformations provides a cutting-edge overview of the latest optimization methods for vehicle structural design. The book focuses on large deformation structural optimization algorithms and applications, covering the basic principles of modern day topology optimization and comparing the benefits and flaws of different algorithms in use. The complications of non-linear optimization are highlighted, along with the shortcomings of recently proposed algorithms. Using industry relevant case studies, users will how optimization software can be used to address challenging vehicle safety structure problems and how to explore the limitations of the approaches given. The authors draw on research work with the likes of MIRA, Jaguar Land Rover and Tata Motors European Technology Centre as part of multi-million pound European funded research projects, emphasizing the industry applications of recent advances. The book is intended for crash engineers, restraints system engineers and vehicle dynamics engineers, as well as other mechanical, automotive and aerospace engineers, researchers and students with a structural focus. Focuses on non-linear, large deformation structural optimization problems relating to vehicle safety Discusses the limitations of different algorithms in use and offers guidance on best practice approaches through the use of relevant case studies Author's present research from the cutting-edge of the industry, including research from leading European automotive companies and organizations Uses industry relevant case studies, allowing users to understand how optimization software can be used to address challenging vehicle safety structure problems and how to explore the limitations of the approaches given

Fundamentals and Practices in Colouration of Textiles

Fundamentals and Practices in Colouration of Textiles Book
Author : J N Chakraborty,J. N. Chakraborty
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-05-05
ISBN : 9380308477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a comprehensive book that imparts technological skills about the colouration of textiles. It discusses academic as well as shop-floor aspects of colouration. It also covers eco-friendly enzymatic processing and differential coloured effects.

Hydrothermal Analysis in Engineering Using Control Volume Finite Element Method

Hydrothermal Analysis in Engineering Using Control Volume Finite Element Method Book
Author : Mohsen Sheikholeslami,Davood Domairry Ganji
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-02-27
ISBN : 0081003617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Control volume finite element methods (CVFEM) bridge the gap between finite difference and finite element methods, using the advantages of both methods for simulation of multi-physics problems in complex geometries. In Hydrothermal Analysis in Engineering Using Control Volume Finite Element Method, CVFEM is covered in detail and applied to key areas of thermal engineering. Examples, exercises, and extensive references are used to show the use of the technique to model key engineering problems such as heat transfer in nanofluids (to enhance performance and compactness of energy systems), hydro-magnetic techniques in materials and bioengineering, and convective flow in fluid-saturated porous media. The topics are of practical interest to engineering, geothermal science, and medical and biomedical sciences. Introduces a detailed explanation of Control Volume Finite Element Method (CVFEM) to provide for a complete understanding of the fundamentals Demonstrates applications of this method in various fields, such as nanofluid flow and heat transfer, MHD, FHD, and porous media Offers complete familiarity with the governing equations in which nanofluid is used as a working fluid Discusses the governing equations of MHD and FHD Provides a number of extensive examples throughout the book Bonus appendix with sample computer code