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Thermal Degradation Of Polymeric Materials Second Edition

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Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Second Edition

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials  Second Edition Book
Author : Charles A. Wilkie,Alexander B. Morgan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-12-10
ISBN : 9781420084009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When dealing with challenges such as providing fire protection while considering cost, mechanical and thermal performance and simultaneously addressing increasing regulations that deal with composition of matter and life cycle issues, there are no quick, one-size-fits-all answers. Packed with comprehensive coverage, scientific approach, step-by-step directions, and a distillation of technical knowledge, the first edition of Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials broke new ground. It supplied a one-stop resource for the development of new fire safe materials. The editors have expanded the second edition to echo the multidisciplinary approach inherent in current flame retardancy technology and put it in a revised, more user-friendly format. More than just an update of previously covered topics, this edition discusses: additional fire retardant chemistry developments in regulations and standards new flame retardant approaches fire safety engineering modeling and fire growth phenomena The book introduces flame retardants polymer-by-polymer, supplemented by a brief overview of mode of action and interaction, and all the other ancillary issues involved in this applied field of materials science. The book delineates what, why, and how to do it, covering the fundamentals of polymer burning/combustion and how to apply these systems and chemistries to specific materials classes. It also provides suggested formulations, discusses why certain materials are preferred for particular uses or applications, and offers a starting point from which to develop fire-safe materials.

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Krzysztof Pielichowski,James Njuguna,Tomasz M. Majka
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-07-15
ISBN : 9780128230237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials, Second Edition, offers a wealth of information for polymer researchers and processors requiring an understanding of the implications of thermal degradation on materials and product performance. Understanding the thermal degradation of polymers is of paramount importance for developing successful approaches to polymer processing and higher-temperature applications. Controlling degradation requires understanding of many different phenomena, including chemical mechanisms, the influence of polymer morphology, the complexities of oxidation chemistry, and the effects of stabilizers, fillers and other additives. The book begins by presenting thermal degradation mechanisms and kinetics, as well as describing the use of various techniques, such as thermogravimetry in combination with mass spectroscopy and infrared spectrometry, to investigate thermal decomposition routes. These methods have proved useful for defining suitable processing conditions for polymers, and for establishing service guidelines for their application. This is followed by in-depth sections covering polymers and copolymers by category, including polyolefins, styrene polymers, polyvinyl chloride, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesters, polyacrylates, natural polymers, inorganic polymers, high temperature-resistant and conducting polymers, blends, organic-inorganic hybrid materials, nanocomposites, and biocomposites. Finally, other key considerations such as recycling of polymers by thermal degradation, thermal degradation during processing, and modelling, are discussed in detail. This Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and expanded, to include new in-depth sections on conducting polymers, organic-inorganic hybrid materials, polymer nanocomposites, and biocomposites, as well as the latest advances, such as recent developments in thermal analysis techniques used for polymer degradation tests. This is an essential resource for researchers and advanced students in polymer science, materials chemistry, chemical engineering, plastics engineering, and materials engineering, as well as engineers, R&D professionals, and scientists working with polymeric materials for advanced applications, including in construction, automobiles, aerospace, biotechnology, pharmaceutics, packaging, and electronics. Explains mechanisms of polymer degradation making it possible to understand and to predict material behavior at elevated temperatures Offers systematic coverage of each polymer group, supported by data, detailed explanations and critical analysis Investigates thermal decomposition routes of new materials, such as organic-inorganic hybrid materials and polymer nanocomposites

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Krzysztof Pielichowski,James Njuguna
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781859574980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the thermal degradation of polymers is of paramount importance for developing a rational technology of polymer processing and higher-temperature applications. Controlling degradation requires understanding of many different phenomena, including chemical mechanisms, the influence of polymer morphology, the complexities of oxidation chemistry, and the effects of stabilisers, fillers and other additives. This book offers a wealth of information for polymer researchers and processors requiring an understanding of the implications of thermal degradation on material and product performance.

Compostable Polymer Materials

Compostable Polymer Materials Book
Author : Ewa Rudnik
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 0080994423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Compostable Polymer Materials, Second Edition, deals with the environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable, or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book covers the entire spectrum of preparation, degradation, and evironmental issues related to compostable polymers. It emphasizes recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxilogical assessment of polymer materials. It descibes the thermal behavior, including flammability properties, of compostable polymers. It also explores possible routes of compostable polymers waste disposal through an ecological lens. Finally, the book examines the economic factors at work, including price evolution over the past decade, the current market, and future perspectives. Compostable Polymer Materials is an essential resource for graduate students and scientists working in chemistry, materials science, ecology, and environmental science. Provides a comprehensive study of the composting process Details methods of compostable polymers preparation, including properties, processing and applications Presents the state-of-the-art knowledge on ecotoxicity testing and biodegradation under real composting conditions of compostable polymers, as well as biodegradation in various environments, such as marine environments and anaerobic conditions Discusses the evolution of waste management in Europe and the United States, as well as the status of MSW disposal and treatment methods in countries such as China and Brazil Overviews biodegradation studies under real composting conditions of products made of compostable polymers, e.g. bags, bottles, cutletry Analyzes evolution of market development, including price of compostable polymers during the last decade

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-06-15
ISBN : 0323524737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials, Third Edition, explains how to measure, analyze and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials, including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors, such as weather, seawater, and fire. This updated edition divides the material into four new sections, Analysis and Testing, Types of Degradation, Protective Measures and Surface Engineering, then concluding with Case Studies. New chapters include topics on Hydrogen Permeation and Hydrogen Induced Cracking, Weathering of Plastics, the Environmental Degradation of Ceramics and Advanced Materials, Antimicrobial Layers, Coatings, and the Corrosion of Pipes in Drinking Water Systems. Expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering expertise that complements their explanations and advice. Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensure that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. Introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete, wood and textiles Describes the kind of degradation that effects each material and how best to protect it Includes case studies that show how organizations, from small consulting firms, to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Principles of Polymer Chemistry

Principles of Polymer Chemistry Book
Author : A. Ravve
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461542278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition was written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in polymer chemistry, along with practicing chemists who need a reference guide. Many important events have taken place since the First Edition was published in 1995, and they are updated here. For example, sections have been included on controlled/living free radical polymerization, and sections on metathesis type polymerization and metallocene catalysts were expanded. The book was also expanded to include discussions of thermodynamics of elasticity, thermodynamics of polymeric solutions, and rheology and viscoelasticity. A chapter on degradation of polymers was also added.

Fundamentals of Composites Manufacturing Second Edition

Fundamentals of Composites Manufacturing  Second Edition Book
Author : A. Brent Strong
Publisher : Society of Manufacturing Engineers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0872638545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes advances, key information, case studies, and examples that can broaden your knowledge of composites materials and manufacturing methods. This text deals with composites manufacturing methods, providing tips for getting the best results that weigh the required material properties against cost and production efficiency. An Instructor's Guide is also available.

Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Harvey E. Bair
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Second Edition of Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials, edited by Edith A. Turi provides an overview of thermal analysis by focusing on instrumentation and an array of applications in research, development, production, quality control and technical service.

Handbook of Vinyl Polymers

Handbook of Vinyl Polymers Book
Author : Munmaya Mishra,Yusuf Yagci
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1420015133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radical polymerization is one of the most widely used means of producing vinyl polymers, supporting a myriad of commercial uses. Maintaining the quality of the critically acclaimed first edition, the Handbook of Vinyl Polymers: Radical Polymerization, Process, and Technology, Second Edition provides a fully updated, single-volume source on the chemistry, technology, and applications of vinyl polymers. Emphasizes radical initiating systems and mechanisms of action... Written by renowned researchers in the field, this handbook is primarily concerned with the physical and organic chemistry of radical vinyl polymerization. The authors survey the most recent advances, processing methods, technologies, and applications of free radical vinyl polymerization. The book features thorough coverage of polymer functionalization, photo initiation, block and graft copolymers, and polymer composites. Analyzes living/controlled radical polymerization, one of the latest developments in the field... Combining fundamental aspects with the latest advances, processing methods, and applications in free radical vinyl polymerization and polymer technology, this invaluable reference provides a unified, in-depth, and innovative perspective of radical vinyl polymerization.

Materials Degradation and Its Control by Surface Engineering

Materials Degradation and Its Control by Surface Engineering Book
Author : A W Batchelor,Loh Nee Lam,Margam Chandrasekaran
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2003-03-12
ISBN : 1783261137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Materials Degradation and Its Control by Surface Engineering continues the theme of the first edition, where discussions on corrosion, wear, fatigue and thermal damage are balanced by similarly detailed discussions on their control methods, e.g. painting and metallic coatings. The book is written for the non-specialist, with an emphasis on introducing technical concepts graphically rather than through algebraic equations. In the second edition, the graphic content is enhanced by an additional series of colour and monochrome photographs that illustrate key aspects of the controlling physical phenomena. Existing topics such as liquid metal corrosion have been extended and new topics such as corrosion inhibitors added. Contents:Mechanisms of Materials Degradation:Mechanical Causes of Materials DegradationChemical Causes of Materials DegradationMaterials Degradation Induced by Heat and Other Forms of EnergyDuplex Causes of Materials DegradationSurface Engineering:Discrete CoatingsIntegral Coatings and Modified Surface LayersCharacterization of Surface CoatingsApplication of Control Techniques:Control of Materials DegradationFinancial and Industrial Aspects of Materials Degradation and Its Control Readership: Engineers and scientists in industrial chemistry, materials science, surface and interface science. Keywords:Corrosion;Wear;Fatigue;Duplex Mechanisms;Surface Coating Technologies;Biocorrosion;Corrosion Inhibitors;Liquid Metal Corrosion;Mechanical Degradation;Chemical Degradation;Surface Engineering;Discrete Coatings;Integral Coatings;Advanced Surface Modification Technologies;Characterization of SurfacesReviews:“Guidelines for applications of surface engineering techniques to individual degradation mechanisms are covered. This does a concise job of suggesting basic selection criteria to be followed for specific degradation mechanisms … The authors present a good overview of the interaction of surface engineering treatments for control of material wastage from various causes.”Corrosion

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Li Jianjun,Ou Yuxiang
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2019-08-19
ISBN : 3110349353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flame retardant materials are of vital importance in guaranteeing personal security. Especially the demand for non-toxic, low smoking, polymerized flame retardants increases and new materials enter the market. The authors present the fundamental theory of polymer combustion, compare different flame retardants, describe smoke suppression mechanisms, and explain analyzing techniques for new materials.

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-28
ISBN : 0123821665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association

Product Safety Evaluation Handbook Second Edition

Product Safety Evaluation Handbook  Second Edition Book
Author : Shayne C. Gad
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-07-02
ISBN : 9781420000559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Provides comprehensive, single-source coverage of the latest toxicity testing requirements and methods for personal care products, industrial and agricultural chemicals, and consumer goods. Second Edition, contains a new chapter on toxicokinetic testing and modeling, offers the latest solutions to common problems in testing and risk assessment, supplies an updated bibliography and more than 1300 references-over 100 new to this edition, and more."

Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers

Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers Book
Author : Yanfei Xu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-09-08
ISBN : 1839687142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers have infiltrated almost every aspect of modern technology, as they have wide applications ranging from building insulation and firefighter uniforms to the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft and electronics packaging. However, common polymers are flammable. Inflammability and thermal insulation properties in polymers are important for specific applications. This book discusses recent advances in developing eco-friendly, flame-retardant, and thermally insulative polymer-based materials. It not only focuses on developments of high-performance flame retardants, but also examines flame retardant behaviors in polymers. Eco-friendly polymers with superior flame retardancy, extraordinary thermal insulation, and excellent mechanical strength will provide new opportunities for existing and future applications.

Principles of Composite Material Mechanics Second Edition

Principles of Composite Material Mechanics  Second Edition Book
Author : Ronald F. Gibson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-05-30
ISBN : 1420014242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extensively updated and maintaining the high standard of the popular original, Principles of Composite Material Mechanics, Second Edition reflects many of the recent developments in the mechanics of composite materials. It draws on the decades of teaching and research experience of the author and the course material of the senior undergraduate and graduate level classes he has taught. New and up-to-date information throughout the text brings modern engineering students everything they need to advance their knowledge of the evermore common composite materials. The introduction strengthens the book’s emphasis on basic principles of mechanics by adding a review of the basic mechanics of materials equations. New appendices cover the derivations of stress equilibrium equations and the strain–displacement relations from elasticity theory. Additional sections address recent applications of composite mechanics to nanocomposites, composite grid structures, and composite sandwich structures. More detailed discussion of elasticity and finite element models have been included along with results from the recent World Wide Failure Exercise. The author takes a phenomenological approach to illustrate linear viscoelastic behavior of composites. Updated information on the nature of fracture and composite testing includes coverage of the finite element implementation of the Virtual Crack Closure technique and new and revised ASTM standard test methods. The author includes updated and expanded material property tables, many more example problems and homework exercises, as well as new reference citings throughout the text. Requiring a solid foundation in materials mechanics, engineering, linear algebra, and differential equations, Principles of Composite Materials Mechanics, Second Edition provides the advanced knowledge in composite materials needed by today’s materials scientists and engineers.

Szycher s Handbook of Polyurethanes Second Edition

Szycher s Handbook of Polyurethanes  Second Edition Book
Author : Michael Szycher, Ph.D
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-07-13
ISBN : 1439839581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A practical handbook rather than merely a chemistry reference, Szycher's Handbook of Polyurethanes, Second Edition offers an easy-to-follow compilation of crucial new information on polyurethane technology, which is irreplaceable in a wide range of applications. This new edition of a bestseller is an invaluable reference for technologists, marketers, suppliers, and academicians who require cutting-edge, commercially valuable data on the most advanced uses for polyurethane, one of the most important and complex specialty polymers. internationally recognized expert Dr. Michael Szycher updates his bestselling industry "bible" With seven entirely new chapters and five that are revised and updated, this book summarizes vital contents from U.S. patent literature—one of the most comprehensive sources of up-to-date technical information. These patents illustrate the most useful technology discovered by corporations, universities, and independent inventors. Because of the wealth of information they contain, this handbook features many full-text patents, which are carefully selected to best illustrate the complex principles involved in polyurethane chemistry and technology. Features of this landmark reference include: Hundreds of practical formulations Discussion of the polyurethane history, key terms, and commercial importance An in-depth survey of patent literature Useful stoichiometric calculations The latest "green" chemistry applications A complete assessment of medical-grade polyurethane technology Not biased toward any one supplier’s expertise, this special reference uses a simplified language and layout and provides extensive study questions after each chapter. It presents rich technical and historical descriptions of all major polyurethanes and updated sections on medical and biological applications. These features help readers better understand developmental, chemical, application, and commercial aspects of the subject.

Electrical Power Equipment Maintenance and Testing Second Edition

Electrical Power Equipment Maintenance and Testing  Second Edition Book
Author : Paul Gill
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 1351837257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of a bestseller, this definitive text covers all aspects of testing and maintenance of the equipment found in electrical power systems serving industrial, commercial, utility substations, and generating plants. It addresses practical aspects of routing testing and maintenance and presents both the methodologies and engineering basics needed to carry out these tasks. It is an essential reference for engineers and technicians responsible for the operation, maintenance, and testing of power system equipment. Comprehensive coverage includes dielectric theory, dissolved gas analysis, cable fault locating, ground resistance measurements, and power factor, dissipation factor, DC, breaker, and relay testing methods.

Degradation of Plastics

Degradation of Plastics Book
Author : Inamuddin,Rizwana Mobin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2021-05-20
ISBN : 1644901331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The degradation of plastics is most important for the removal and recycling of plastic wastes. The book presents a comprehensive overview of the field. Topics covered include plastic degradation methods, mechanistic actions, biodegradation, involvement of enzymes, photocatalytic degradation and the use of cyanobacteria. Also covered are the market of degradable plastics and the environmental implications. Keywords: Degradable Plastics, Bioplastics, Biodegradable Plastics, Enzymes, Cyanobacteria, Photocatalytic Degradation, Wastewater Treatment, Degradable Plastic Market, Polyethylene, Polypropylene, Polystyrene, Polyvinyl Chloride, Polyurethane, and Polyethylene Terephthalate.

Handbook of Plasticizers

Handbook of Plasticizers Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2013-07-01
ISBN : 1455730025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of the Handbook of Plasticizers thoroughly reviews information currently available in open literature, such as published scientific papers, information from plasticizer manufacturers, and patent literature. Plasticizers are used in so many products that every library should have this reference source of information on plasticizers readily available for its readers. This book should be used in conjunction with Plasticizer Database, which gives information on the present status and properties of industrial and research plasticizers. The book covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, historical and theoretical background, their effects on process conditions, and health, safety, and environmental issues. The most comprehensive reference work available, covering the properties and applications of plasticizers. Combine scientific background with extensive data and practical engineering techniques. Contains information from the most recent sources and updated information