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Thermal Analysis And Thermodynamic Properties Of Solids

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Thermal Analysis and Thermodynamic Properties of Solids

Thermal Analysis and Thermodynamic Properties of Solids Book
Author : Jaroslav Sestak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-09
ISBN : 0323858112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Analysis and Thermodynamic Properties of Solids, Second Edition covers foundational principles and recent updates in the field, presenting an authoritative overview of theoretical knowledge and practical applications across several fields. Since the first edition of this book was published, large developments have occurred in the theoretical understanding of—and subsequent ability to assess and apply—principles of thermal analysis. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert author, this second edition provides fascinating insight for both new and experienced students, researchers, and industry professionals whose work is influenced or impacted by thermo analysis principles and tools. Part 1 provides a detailed introduction and guide to theoretical aspects of thermal analysis and the related impact of thermodynamics. Key terminology and concepts, the fundamentals of thermophysical examinations, thermostatics, equilibrium background, thermotics, reaction kinetics and models, thermokinetics and the exploitation of fractals are all discussed. Part 2 then goes on to discuss practical applications of this theoretical information to topics such as crystallization kinetics and glass states, thermodynamics in superconductor models, and climate change. Includes fully updated as well as new chapters on kinetic phase diagrams, thermokinetics in DTA experiments, and crystallization kinetics Discusses the influence of key derivatives such as thermostatics, thermodynamics, thermotics, and thermokinetics Helps readers understand and describe reaction kinetics in solids, both in terms of simplified descriptions of the reaction mechanism models and averaged descriptions using fractals

Thermal Physics and Thermal Analysis

Thermal Physics and Thermal Analysis Book
Author : Jaroslav Šesták,Pavel Hubík,Jiří J. Mareš
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-24
ISBN : 331945899X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Features twenty-five chapter contributions from an international array of distinguished academics based in Asia, Eastern and Western Europe, Russia, and the USA. This multi-author contributed volume provides an up-to-date and authoritative overview of cutting-edge themes involving the thermal analysis, applied solid-state physics, micro- and nano-crystallinity of selected solids and their macro- and microscopic thermal properties. Distinctive chapters featured in the book include, among others, calorimetry time scales from days to microseconds, glass transition phenomena, kinetics of non-isothermal processes, thermal inertia and temperature gradients, thermodynamics of nanomaterials, self-organization, significance of temperature and entropy. Advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers working in the field of thermal analysis, thermophysical measurements and calorimetry will find this contributed volume invaluable. This is the third volume of the triptych volumes on thermal behaviour of materials; the previous two receiving thousand of downloads guaranteeing their worldwide impact.

Glassy Amorphous and Nano Crystalline Materials

Glassy  Amorphous and Nano Crystalline Materials Book
Author : Jaroslav Šesták,Jiří J. Mareš,Pavel Hubík
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-26
ISBN : 9789048128822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a summary of non-equilibrium glassy and amorphous structures and their macro- and microscopic thermal properties. The book contains a carefully selected works of fourteen internationally recognized scientists involving the advances of the physics and chemistry of the glassy and amorphous states.

Heat Capacity of Solid Proteins by Thermal Analysis

Heat Capacity of Solid Proteins by Thermal Analysis Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a continuing effort to better understand the thermodynamic properties of proteins, solid state heat capacities of poly(amino acid)s of all 21 naturally occurring amino 4 copoly(amino acid)s and about 10 proteins have been analyzed by now using the Advanced Thermal Analysis System, ATHAS. The experimental measurements were performed with adiabatic and differential scanning calorimetry from 10 to about 450 K. The heat capacities of the samples in their pure, solid states are linked to an approximate vibrational spectrum by making use of known group vibrations and a set of parameters, [Theta][sub 1] and[Theta][sub 3], of the Tarasov function for the skeletal vibrations. Good agreement is found between experiment and calculation with root mean square errors mostly within[+-]3%. The experimental data were analyzed also with an empirical addition scheme using data for the poly(amino acid)s. Based on this study, vibrational heat capacity can now be predicted for all proteins with an accuracy comparable to common experiments. Furthermore, gradual transitions, indicative of molecular motion prior to devitrification, melting, or decomposition, can be identified. The new experimental data compared here with the prior samples are: bovine[beta]-lactoglobulin, chicken lysozyme and ovalbumin.

Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Bernhard Wunderlich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-04-04
ISBN : 9783540236290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials" systematically treats macroscopic measurements by thermal analysis and the quantitative link to microscopic, molecular structure and mobility. Reversible and irreversible thermodynamics, kinetics, quantum mechanics, and statistical thermodynamics are the roots of the described thermal analysis. The book aims to broaden readers’ understanding of materials and the connection of flexible macromolecules (polymers) to small molecules and rigid macromolecules (minerals, salts, and metals). An effort is made to discover how the long, flexible molecules fit into their small phases which are characterized as microphases or nanophases. Their order ranges from amorphous to mesophase-like and crystalline. Ultimately, it is shown that the basic structure-property-processing triangle is connected to the better-known types of molecules and their common macroscopic phases.

Measurement of the Thermodynamic Properties of Multiple Phases

Measurement of the Thermodynamic Properties of Multiple Phases Book
Author : Ron D. Weir,Theo W. W. de Loos
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780444519771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1. Introduction. -- 2. Phase Changes in Pure Component Systems: Liquids and Gases. -- 3. Phase Changes in Pure Component Systems: Liquids and Solids. -- 4. Phase Changes in Pure Component Systems: Solid and Solid. -- 5. Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium at Low Pressure. -- 6. Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium at High Pressure. -- 7. Low Pressure Gas Solubility in Liquids. -- 8. Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium. -- 9. Condensed Phases of Organic Materials: Solid-Liquid and Solid-Solid Equilibrium. -- 10. Condensed Phases of Inorganic Materials: Metallic Systems. -- 11. Condensed Phases of Inorganic Materials: Ceramic Systems. -- 12. Condensed Phases of Inorganic Materials: Molten Salts. -- 13. Measurement of Limiting Activity Coefficients Using Non-Analytical Tools. -- 14. Measurement of Limiting Activity Coefficients Using Analytical Tools. -- 15. Measurement of Interfacial Tension. -- 16. Critical Parameters.

Thermodynamic Properties of Solids

Thermodynamic Properties of Solids Book
Author : S. L. Chaplot,R. Mittal,N. Choudhury
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-02-19
ISBN : 9783527630424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent years have seen a growing interest in the field of thermodynamic properties of solids due to the development of advanced experimental and modeling tools. Predicting structural phase transitions and thermodynamic properties find important applications in condensed matter and materials science research, as well as in interdisciplinary research involving geophysics and Earth Sciences. The present edited book, with contributions from leading researchers around the world, is aimed to meet the need of academic and industrial researchers, graduate students and non-specialists working in these fields. The book covers various experimental and theoretical techniques relevant to the subject.

Solid State Characterization of Pharmaceuticals

Solid State Characterization of Pharmaceuticals Book
Author : Richard A. Storey,Ingvar Ymén
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-31
ISBN : 1119970172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of solid state characterization is central to the pharmaceutical industry, as drug products are, in an overwhelming number of cases, produced as solid materials. Selection of the optimum solid form is a critical aspect of the development of pharmaceutical compounds, due to their ability to exist in more than one form or crystal structure (polymorphism). These polymorphs exhibit different physical properties which can affect their biopharmaceutical properties. This book provides an up-to-date review of the current techniques used to characterize pharmaceutical solids. Ensuring balanced, practical coverage with industrial relevance, it covers a range of key applications in the field. The following topics are included: Physical properties and processes Thermodynamics Intellectual guidance X-ray diffraction Spectroscopy Microscopy Particle sizing Mechanical properties Vapour sorption Thermal analysis & Calorimetry Polymorph prediction Form selection

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.

Transactions of the Metallurgical Society of AIME

Transactions of the Metallurgical Society of AIME  Book
Author : Metallurgical Society of AIME.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Transactions of the Metallurgical Society of AIME book written by Metallurgical Society of AIME., available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bi linear Model of Correlation Between Heat Capacity and Volume Thermal Expansivity of Solids as a Novel Tool for Evaluation the Reliable Numerical Data for Purposes of Chemical Thermodynamics

Bi linear Model of Correlation Between Heat Capacity and Volume Thermal Expansivity of Solids as a Novel Tool for Evaluation the Reliable Numerical Data for Purposes of Chemical Thermodynamics Book
Author : AUTHOR UNKNOWN.,Vladimir Bodryakov
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-09-26
ISBN : 9781536133875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A systematic study has been undertaken of basic thermodynamic functions of Rare Gas Solids (RGS) through the whole range of their solid states. These functions included isobaric molar heat capacity CP(T), volume coefficient of thermal expansion ¦Â(T), molar volume V(T), differential Gr ̈1neisen parameter ¦áä(T), et al. In the first section of the chapter, thermodynamic grounds are considered for hypothesizing bi-linear correlation ¦Â(CP) between heat capacities and volume thermal expansivities of non-metal solids up to the melting points (B-model). Theoretical consideration is made within unharmonic Debye-Gr ̈1neisen model without and with an account of the influence of Frenkel defects in the premelting range. Mathematical relations for the B-model are also formulated. An algorithm of applications for the B-model for least the mean squares computer analysis of scattered experimental data (CP(T), ¦Â(T), and ¦Â(CP)) of different authors are described in detail. In the second section of the chapter, computer thermodynamic model calculations have been done within the unharmonic Debye model without and with an account of the influence of Frenkel defects in the premelting range. The validity of the B-model was verified with respect to the results of model calculations. Within the framework of the model, the influence of variation of the model parameters is estimated. In the third section of the chapter, an evaluation of thermodynamic functions of RGS Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe up to the melting points Tm with the use of the B-model was fulfilled as an example. The choice of RGS as model objects is due to the fact that they have quite representative thermodynamic data, they do not undergo polymorphous transformations in the solid state, they have no conductivity electrons, and the effects of anharmonicity and premelting cases are most evident in RGS. A detailed critical analysis has been carried out of the available primary sources of various data on thermodynamic properties of RGS."--

Solid State Properties of Pharmaceutical Materials

Solid State Properties of Pharmaceutical Materials Book
Author : Stephen R. Byrn,George Zografi,Xiaoming (Sean) Chen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 1119264448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a detailed discussion of important solid-state properties, methods, and applications of solid-state analysis Illustrates the various phases or forms that solids can assume and discussesvarious issues related to the relative stability of solid forms and tendencies to undergo transformation Covers key methods of solid state analysis including X-ray powder diffraction, thermal analysis, microscopy, spectroscopy, and solid state NMR Reviews critical physical attributes of pharmaceutical materials, mainly related to drug substances, including particle size/surface area, hygroscopicity, mechanical properties, solubility, and physical and chemical stability Showcases the application of solid state material science in rational selection of drug solid forms, analysis of various solid forms within drug substance and the drug product, and pharmaceutical product development Introduces appropriate manufacturing and control procedures using Quality by Design, and other strategies that lead to safe and effective products with a minimum of resources and time

Publications

Publications Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

NBS Special Publication

NBS Special Publication Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1968
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NBS Special Publication book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Journal of Thermal Analysis

Journal of Thermal Analysis Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of Thermal Analysis book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards     Catalog Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Catalog

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology     Catalog Book
Author : National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Catalog book written by National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards 1975 Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards  1975 Catalog Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards,Betty L. Hurdle
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications of the National Bureau of Standards 1975 Catalog book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards,Betty L. Hurdle, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermal analysis of Micro Nano and Non Crystalline Materials

Thermal analysis of Micro  Nano  and Non Crystalline Materials Book
Author : Jaroslav Šesták,Peter Simon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-28
ISBN : 9048131502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Analysis of Micro-, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials: Transformation, Crystallization, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics complements and adds to volume 8 Glassy, Amorphous and Nano-Crystalline Materials by providing a coherent and authoritative overview of cutting-edge themes in this field. In particular, the book focuses on reaction thermodynamics and kinetics applied to solid-state chemistry and thermal physics of various states of materials. Written by an international array of distinguished academics, the book deals with fundamental and historical aspects of phenomenological kinetics, equilibrium background of processes, crystal defects, non-stoichiometry and nano-crystallinity, reduced glass-transition temperatures and glass-forming coefficients, determination of the glass transition by DSC, the role of heat transfer and phase transition in DTA experiments, explanation of DTA/DSC methods used for the estimation of crystal nucleation, structural relaxation and viscosity behaviour in glass and associated relaxation kinetics, influence of preliminary nucleation and coupled phenomenological kinetics, nucleation on both the strongly curved surfaces and nano-particles, crystallization of glassy and amorphous materials including oxides, chalcogenides and metals, non-parametric and fractal description of kinetics, disorder and dimensionality in nano-crystalline diamond, thermal analysis of waste glass batches, amorphous inorganic polysialates and bioactivity of hydroxyl groups as well as reaction kinetics and unconventional glass formability of oxide superconductors. Thermal Analysis of Micro-, Nano- and Non-Crystalline Materials: Transformation, Crystallization, Kinetics, and Thermodynamics is a valuable resource to advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and researches working in the application fields of material thermodynamics, thermal analysis, thermophysical measurements, and calorimetry.

Measurement of Thermal Radiation Properties of Solids

Measurement of Thermal Radiation Properties of Solids Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Measurement of Thermal Radiation Properties of Solids book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.