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The Urban Heat Island

The Urban Heat Island Book
Author : Iain D. Stewart,Gerald Mills
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-25
ISBN : 0128156902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Urban Heat Island (UHI) is an area of growing interest for many people studying the urban environment and local/global climate change. The UHI has been scientifically studied for 200 years and, although it is an apparently simple phenomenon, there is considerable confusion around the different types of UHI and their assessment. The Urban Heat Island—A Guidebook provides simple instructions for measuring and analysing the phenomenon, as well as greater context for defining the UHI and the impacts it can have. Readers will be empowered to work within a set of guidelines that enable direct comparison of UHI effects across diverse settings, while informing a wide range of climate mitigation and adaptation programs to modify human behaviour and the built form. This opens the door to true global assessments of local climate change in cities. Urban planning and design strategies can then be evaluated for their effectiveness at mitigating these changes. Covers both on-surface and near-surface, or canopy, measurements and impacts of Urban Heat Islands (UHI) Provides a set of best practices and guidelines for UHI observation and analysis Includes both conceptual overviews and practical instructions for a wide range of uses

Urban Heat Island UHI Mitigation

Urban Heat Island  UHI  Mitigation Book
Author : Napoleon Enteria,Matteos Santamouris,Ursula Eicker
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-14
ISBN : 9813340509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the concepts and technologies associated with the mitigation of urban heat islands (UHIs) that are applicable in hot and humid regions. It presents several city case studies on how UHIs can be reduced in various areas to provide readers, researchers, and policymakers with insights into the concepts and technologies that should be considered when planning and constructing urban centres and buildings. The rapid development of urban areas in hot and humid regions has led to an increase in urban temperatures, a decrease in ventilation in buildings, and a transformation of the once green outdoor environment into areas full of solar-energy-absorbing concrete and asphalt. This situation has increased the discomfort of people living in these areas regardless of whether they occupy concrete structures. This is because indoor and outdoor air quality have both suffered from urbanisation. The development of urban areas has also increased energy consumption so that the occupants of buildings can enjoy indoor thermal comfort and air quality that they need via air conditioning systems. This book offers solutions to the recent increase in the number of heat islands in hot and humid regions.​

URBAN HEAT ISLAND

URBAN HEAT ISLAND Book
Author : Ioana Herbel
Publisher : Ioana Herbel
Release : 2020-09-15
ISBN : 6063708103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The expansion without precedent of city boundaries determined the modification of the climatic conditions inside urban areas, with a direct impact on the environment and the population. Urban development implies fundamental changes in the natural setting, generating significant differences between the urban environment and the nearby areas in terms of meteorological parameters, air quality, and energy balance. Over the last decades, cities worldwide have experienced accelerated development, urbanization being one of the most important dimensions of global change. In Eastern Europe, another important matter is the forced industrialization from the communist era which lead to a complex process of urban change. This change influenced the urban climate of post-socialist cities. In such cities, the urban landscape was radically transformed with the emergence of over-sized production units and “dormitory neighborhoods” meant to accommodate their personnel. The replacement of natural surfaces with the built, impervious ones (with distinct caloric properties and lower cooling rates), is known as one of the main factors that generate the urban heat island effect. The topic of this book refers, therefore, to the urban heat island (UHI), as an example of climate change of anthropic origin, and to its atmospheric, biologic and economic impact (Yow 2007). The UHI phenomenon implies a temperature difference between the densely built urban areas and the nearby rural ones.

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation Book
Author : Ansar Khan,Hashem Akbari,Francesco Fiorito,Sk Mithun,Dev Niyogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-06-24
ISBN : 0323897940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Urban Heat Island Mitigation provides a comprehensive picture of global UHI micro-thermal interaction in different built environments. The book explains physical principles and how to moderate undesirable consequences of swift and haphazard urban development to create more sustainable and resilient cities. Sections provide extensive discussion on numerous UHI mitigation technologies and their effectiveness in cities around the globe. In addition, the book proposes novel UHI mitigation technologies and strategies while also assessing the effectiveness and suitability of UHI mitigation interventions in various climates and urban forms. Adopts a multidisciplinary approach, bridging theoretical and applied urban climatology with urban heat mitigation Compiles disparate urban climate research concepts and technologies into a coherent framework Includes contributions from leaders in fields from around the globe

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Technologies

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Technologies Book
Author : Rohinton Emmanuel
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-09-02
ISBN : 3036507221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is relevant to architects, urban designers, planners, and policy makers concerned with enhancing climate-sensitive urban form and planning. It discusses building and neighborhood design: layout and design features that maximize energy efficiency and thermal comfort without compromising the ability of other buildings to enjoy similar benefits; the use of interstitial spaces (piazzas, streets, and parks) to improve the microclimate at the neighbourhood-level; design intervention case studies; innovative uses of interstitial spaces to improve the local climate at the neighborhood level; and urban radiative cooling solutions to mitigate the unintended climate consequences of urban growth and suggestions for ways forward.

Tropical Urban Heat Islands

Tropical Urban Heat Islands Book
Author : Nyuk Hien Wong,Yu Chen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-08-29
ISBN : 113422110X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conventional air conditioning is not a sustainable solution to the challenge of a hot or humid climate. The climate problem is compounded in so-called Urban Heat Islands, urban areas where the air can be 3–5°C hotter than its surrounding areas and where pollution levels are consequently raised. Including a colour section with thermal images and maps, this book explores the complex relationships between climate, buildings and plants, especially in urban heat islands. These relationships bear very critically on a range of environmental issues and point to some corresponding solutions. One chapter highlights some of the extensive research work carried out in Singapore, especially investigating the thermal benefits of greenery in buildings in the urban setting. Though several books have been written on urban heat islands, this work uniquely examines the linkages between climate, buildings and plants. It forms a reference for researchers and professionals such as architects, architectural science, landscape architects, building services engineers, urban planners and urban climatologists. It may also be useful for final year undergraduates or graduate students in these disciplines.

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates Book
Author : Ansar Khan,Soumendu Chatterjee,Yupeng Wang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-17
ISBN : 0128225580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates takes into account the different urban physics in tropical environments, presenting a way of UHI scaling for tropical cities. Topics include measuring, modeling and proper mitigation strategies, which account for the surface energy balance of tropics. Tropical cities are more susceptible to the effects of projected global warming because of conditions in tropical climates and the rapid growth of so many cities in this zone. The need for research on measuring, modeling and mitigation of UHI effects in tropical cities is of growing importance. This book walks through the basics of Urban Heat Islands, including causes, measurement and analysis then expands upon issues as well as the novel techniques that can be used to address issues specific to the region. Reviews topics related to understanding the fundamentals of modeling and impacts of urban heat islands Covers many techniques, from remote sensing, to numerical modeling and then applying them to urban climate studies in general, and in tropical cities Describes the scaling of urban heat islands based on long-term seasonal thermal parameters as feature-based classification systems using a probabilistic and fuzzy logic approach, unlike local climate zones (LCZs)

Remapping Urban Heat Island Atlases in Regenerative Cities

Remapping Urban Heat Island Atlases in Regenerative Cities Book
Author : Abusaada, Hisham,Elshater, Abeer,Khalifa, Marwa
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2022-06-17
ISBN : 1668424649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past decades, protecting the urban environment in the face of environmentalism and environmental rights has become crucial to saving the planet from the dangers of the rapid urban development of new cities and societies. Air temperature is one of the factors influenced by climate change and contemporary city morphology that lacks compact city features. Contemporary cities have taken on global paradigms, adopting open-fabric, multiple, and ultrahigh residential towers and superhuman-scale spaces at the level of squares and public parks. This type of planning results in a radical thermal transformation not only in the movement and transportation network, but also in all public spaces and their external spaces. It is essential to understand the dimensions and principles of urban planning and design in conjunction with the competence of environmental design to reduce the impact of the urban heat island (UHI) phenomenon. Remapping Urban Heat Island Atlases in Regenerative Cities focuses on public health and wellbeing, decent work and economic growth, sustainable cities and societies, and climate action. It presents atlases of UHI-based digital techniques and methods of modelling as well as the use of these atlases, mapping, and models in exploring the placemaking problems in the new cities. Covering topics such as artificial intelligence, pedestrian density mapping, and urban heat island mitigation, this premier reference source is a critical resource for architects, city planners, urban planners, city officials, government officials, policymakers, non-profit organizations, politicians, engineers, libraries, students and educators of higher education, researchers, and academicians.

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book
Author : Francesco Musco
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-30
ISBN : 331910425X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

The Urban Heat Island Effect of Amsterdam Observations and Models in 2014 and Projections of the Future Urban Climate

The Urban Heat Island Effect of Amsterdam  Observations and Models in 2014 and Projections of the Future Urban Climate Book
Author : W.W.J. van der Pas
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 2014, 24 weather stations were installed in Amsterdam as part of the “Summer in the city” project from the Netherlands eScience Center to quantify the Urban Heat Island effect of the city. In June, July and August, an average UHI intensity of 0.67 °C was found, with extremes over 6 °C in the evening after hot summer days in July. The locations of the stations influence air temperature and provide an insight in the intra-urban intensity of the UHI. The weather stations that were used have been installed in the city of Wageningen before and those observations resulted in a statistical relationship for estimating urban temperatures.

Energy and Climate in the Urban Built Environment

Energy and Climate in the Urban Built Environment Book
Author : Demosthenes N. Asimakopoulos
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9781873936900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands Book
Author : Hideki Takebayashi,Masakazu Moriyama
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-20
ISBN : 0128176253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Designing High density Cities for Social and Environmental Sustainability

Designing High density Cities for Social and Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : Edward Ng
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2009-12-16
ISBN : 1849774447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Compact living is sustainable living. High-density cities can support closer amenities, encourage reduced trip lengths and the use of public transport and therefore reduce transport energy costs and carbon emissions. High-density planning also helps to control the spread of urban suburbs into open lands, improves efficiency in urban infrastructure and services, and results in environmental improvements that support higher quality of life in cities. Encouraging, even requiring, higher density urban development is a major policy and a central principle of growth management programmes used by planners around the world. However, such density creates design challenges and problems. A collection of experts in each of the related architectural and planning areas examines these environmental and social issues, and argues that high-density cities are a sustainable solution. It will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in sustainable urban development.

Exploring the Urban Heat Island Intensity of Dutch Cities

Exploring the Urban Heat Island Intensity of Dutch Cities Book
Author : Lambertus Willem Adriaan Hove
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Exploring the Urban Heat Island Intensity of Dutch Cities book written by Lambertus Willem Adriaan Hove, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of World Geography

Encyclopedia of World Geography Book
Author : R. W. McColl
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 0816072299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a comprehensive guide to the geography of the world, with world maps and articles on cartography, notable explorers, climate and more.

Heat Islands

Heat Islands Book
Author : Lisa Mummery Gartland
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-05-16
ISBN : 1136564217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heat islands are urban and suburban areas that are significantly warmer than their surroundings. Traditional, highly absorptive construction materials and a lack of effective landscaping are their main causes. Heat island problems, in terms of increased energy consumption, reduced air quality and effects on human health and mortality, are becoming more pressing as cities continue to grow and sprawl. This comprehensive book brings together the latest information about heat islands and their mitigation. The book describes how heat islands are formed, what problems they cause, which technologies mitigate heat island effects and what policies and actions can be taken to cool communities. Internationally renowned expert Lisa Gartland offers a comprehensive source of information for turning heat islands into cool communities. The author includes sections on cool roofing and cool paving, explains their benefits in detail and provides practical guidelines for their selection and installation. The book also reviews how and why to incorporate trees and vegetation around buildings, in parking lots and on green roofs.

Urban Environmental Management and Technology

Urban Environmental Management and Technology Book
Author : Keisuke Hanaki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-28
ISBN : 4431783970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the importance of urban environmental management in the face of formidable challenges. It offers a comprehensive overview of science and policy, with discussion of relevant traditional and contemporary technologies.

Environmental Design of Urban Buildings

Environmental Design of Urban Buildings Book
Author : Mat Santamouris
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2013
ISBN : 1849771162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The importance of an integrated approach in urban design is becoming increasingly apparent. This book explains how to overcome related challenges in environmental design of urban buildings and offers guidance on the use of new materials and techniques and the integration of new philosophies. Supported by the EC's SAVE 13 programme, Environmental Design of Urban Buildings includes contributions from experts at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece, the Hellenic Open University, Greece, Cambridge Architectural Research, UK and REHVA/University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.A free CD-ROM containing multi-media software tools and climatic data accompanies the book.CONTENTSEnvironmental Urban Design * Architectural Design, Passive Environmental and Building Engineering Systems * Environmental Issues of Building Design * Sustainable Design, Construction and Operation * Intelligent Controls and Advanced Building Management Systems * Urban Building Climatology * Heat and Mass Transfer Phenomena in Urban Buildings * Applied Lighting Technologies for Urban Buildings * Case Studies * Guidelines to Integrate Energy Conservation * Indoor Air Quality * Applied Energy and Resources Management in the Urban Environment * Economic Methodologies * Integrated Building Design * Bibliography, IndexPublished with SAVE

Advances in Neural Network Research and Applications

Advances in Neural Network Research and Applications Book
Author : Zhigang Zeng,Jun Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-05-10
ISBN : 3642129900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a part of the Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Neural Networks (ISNN 2010), held on June 6-9, 2010 in Shanghai, China. Over the past few years, ISNN has matured into a well-established premier international symposium on neural networks and related fields, with a successful sequence of ISNN series in Dalian (2004), Chongqing (2005), Chengdu (2006), Nanjing (2007), Beijing (2008), and Wuhan (2009). Following the tradition of ISNN series, ISNN 2010 provided a high-level international forum for scientists, engineers, and educators to present the state-of-the-art research in neural networks and related fields, and also discuss the major opportunities and challenges of future neural network research. Over the past decades, the neural network community has witnessed significant breakthroughs and developments from all aspects of neural network research, including theoretical foundations, architectures, and network organizations, modeling and simulation, empirical studies, as well as a wide range of applications across different domains. The recent developments of science and technology, including neuroscience, computer science, cognitive science, nano-technologies and engineering design, among others, has provided significant new understandings and technological solutions to move the neural network research toward the development of complex, large scale, and networked brain-like intelligent systems. This long-term goals can only be achieved with the continuous efforts from the community to seriously investigate various issues on neural networks and related topics.

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book
Author : Francesco Musco
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-10-08
ISBN : 9781013267598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns. This work was published by Saint Philip Street Press pursuant to a Creative Commons license permitting commercial use. All rights not granted by the work's license are retained by the author or authors.