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The Thermodynamics Of Phase And Reaction Equilibria

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The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria Book
Author : Ismail Tosun
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0444594973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents a sound foundation for understanding abstract concepts (physical properties such as fugacity, or chemical processes, such as distillation) of phase and reaction equilibria, and shows you how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems using numerous, clear examples. The book encourages the use of MATHCAD to write programs specific to each problem, enabling you to easily track mistakes and understand the order of magnitude of the various quantities involved. Provides guidelines in order to choose the 'best' equation of state suitable for the particular situation Includes up-to-date information, comprehensive in-depth content and current examples in each chapter Provides the right tools in order to and encourages you to use MATHCAD to write your own specific programs Includes many well organized problems (with solutions), which are extensions of the examples enabling conceptual understanding to quantitative/real problem solving Includes all mathematical background required for solving problems encountered in phase and reaction equilibria Provides a Solutions Manual (for instructors in pdf form) allowing the use of the book in advanced thermodynamic courses

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria Book
Author : Ismail Tosun
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0444595023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a sound foundation for understanding abstract concepts of phase and reaction equilibria (e.g. partial molar Gibbs energy, fugacity, and activity), and shows how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems using numerous clear examples. It also presents numerical methods necessary for solving real-world problems as well the basic mathematics needed, facilitating its use as a self-study reference work. In the example problems requiring MATHCAD® for the solution, the results of the intermediate steps are given, enabling the reader to easily track mistakes and understand the order of magnitude of the various quantities involved. Clear layout, coherent and logical organization of the content, and presentation suitable for self-study Provides analytical equations in dimensionless form for the calculation of changes in internal energy, enthalpy, and entropy as well as departure functions and fugacity coefficients Includes up-to-date information, comprehensive in-depth content and current examples in each chapter Includes many well organized problems (with answers), which are extensions of the examples enabling conceptual understanding for quantitative/real problem solving Includes the mathematical background required for solving problems encountered in phase and reaction equilibria

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering Book
Author : Camila Gambini Pereira
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-17
ISBN : 0128115572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering is the definitive book on thermodynamics of equilibrium applied to food engineering. Food is a complex matrix consisting of different groups of compounds divided into macronutrients (lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins), and micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals). The quality characteristics of food products associated with the sensorial, physical and microbiological attributes are directly related to the thermodynamic properties of specific compounds and complexes that are formed during processing or by the action of diverse interventions, such as the environment, biochemical reactions, and others. In addition, in obtaining bioactive substances using separation processes, the knowledge of phase equilibria of food systems is essential to provide an efficient separation, with a low cost in the process and high selectivity in the recovery of the desired component. This book combines theory and application of phase equilibria data of systems containing food compounds to help food engineers and researchers to solve complex problems found in food processing. It provides support to researchers from academia and industry to better understand the behavior of food materials in the face of processing effects, and to develop ways to improve the quality of the food products. Presents the fundamentals of phase equilibria in the food industry Describes both classic and advanced models, including cubic equations of state and activity coefficient Encompasses distillation, solid-liquid extraction, liquid-liquid extraction, adsorption, crystallization and supercritical fluid extraction Explores equilibrium in advanced systems, including colloidal, electrolyte and protein systems

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria Book
Author : Ismail Tosun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-17
ISBN : 0128205318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria, Second Edition, provides a sound foundation for understanding abstract concepts of phase and reaction equilibria (e.g., partial molar Gibbs energy, fugacity, and activity) and shows how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems using numerous clear examples. Available computational software has made it possible for students to tackle realistic and challenging problems from industry. The second edition incorporates phase equilibrium problems dealing with nonideal mixtures containing more than two components and chemical reaction equilibrium problems involving multiple reactions. Computations are carried out with the help of Mathcad®. Clear layout, coherent and logical organization of the content, and presentation suitable for self-study Provides analytical equations in dimensionless form for the calculation of changes in internal energy, enthalpy, and entropy as well as departure functions and fugacity coefficients All chapters have been updated primarily through new examples Includes many well-organized problems (with answers), which are extensions of the examples enabling conceptual understanding for quantitative/real problem solving Provides Mathcad worksheets and subroutines Includes a new chapter linking thermodynamics with reaction engineering A complete Instructor’s Solutions Manual is available as a textbook resource

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations

Phase Equilibria  Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations Book
Author : Mats Hillert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-11-22
ISBN : 1139465864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Phase Equilibria

Phase Equilibria Book
Author : Arnold Reisman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-10-27
ISBN : 1483265846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phase Equilibria: Basic Principles, Applications, Experimental Techniques presents an analytical treatment in the study of the theories and principles of phase equilibria. The book is organized to afford a deep and thorough understanding of such subjects as the method of species model systems; condensed phase-vapor phase equilibria and vapor transport reactions; zone refining techniques; and nonstoichiometry. Physicists, physical chemists, engineers, and materials scientists will find the book a good reference material.

The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe Ni S O System

The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe Ni S O System Book
Author : Ker-Chang Hsieh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe Ni S O System book written by Ker-Chang Hsieh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Classical and Geometrical Theory of Chemical and Phase Thermodynamics

Classical and Geometrical Theory of Chemical and Phase Thermodynamics Book
Author : Frank Weinhold
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-17
ISBN : 9780470435052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Because it is grounded in math, chemical thermodynamics is often perceived as a difficult subject and many students are never fully comfortable with it. The first authoritative textbook presentation of equilibrium chemical and phase thermodynamics in a reformulated geometrical framework, Chemical and Phase Thermodynamics shows how this famously difficult subject can be accurately expressed with only elementary high-school geometry concepts. Featuring numerous suggestions for research-level extensions, this simplified alternative to standard calculus-based thermodynamics expositions is perfect for undergraduate and beginning graduate students as well as researchers.

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials Fifth Edition

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials  Fifth Edition Book
Author : David R. Gaskell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-02-07
ISBN : 1560329920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials Fifth Edition book written by David R. Gaskell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering Book
Author : Esteban Alberto Brignole,Selva Pereda
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-04-02
ISBN : 044459471X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditionally, the teaching of phase equilibria emphasizes the relationships between the thermodynamic variables of each phase in equilibrium rather than its engineering applications. This book changes the focus from the use of thermodynamics relationships to compute phase equilibria to the design and control of the phase conditions that a process needs. Phase Equilibrium Engineering presents a systematic study and application of phase equilibrium tools to the development of chemical processes. The thermodynamic modeling of mixtures for process development, synthesis, simulation, design and optimization is analyzed. The relation between the mixture molecular properties, the selection of the thermodynamic model and the process technology that could be applied are discussed. A classification of mixtures, separation process, thermodynamic models and technologies is presented to guide the engineer in the world of separation processes. The phase condition required for a given reacting system is studied at subcritical and supercritical conditions. The four cardinal points of phase equilibrium engineering are: the chemical plant or process, the laboratory, the modeling of phase equilibria and the simulator. The harmonization of all these components to obtain a better design or operation is the ultimate goal of phase equilibrium engineering. Methodologies are discussed using relevant industrial examples The molecular nature and composition of the process mixture is given a key role in process decisions Phase equilibrium diagrams are used as a drawing board for process implementation

Thermodynamics Principles And Applications Second Edition

Thermodynamics  Principles And Applications  Second Edition  Book
Author : Ismail Tosun
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2020-02-18
ISBN : 9811217084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermodynamics is considered the core engineering course in many engineering disciplines. Since the laws of thermodynamics are expressed in abstract terms, it is the one of the most challenging courses encountered by students during their undergraduate education.This eminent compendium provides a firm grasp of the abstract concepts, and shows how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems with numerous clear examples. Answers to all problems are provided. Four additional chapters are illuminated to show students how to deal with the thermodynamic problems involving nonideal pure substances as well as multicomponent mixtures. The concepts are highlighted with utmost clarity in simple language. Mathcad worksheets are provided in problems dealing with the cubic equations of state.This readable reference text is useful to researchers, academics, professionals, undergraduate and graduate students in chemical engineering, mechanical engineering and energy studies.

Lectures in Classical Thermodynamics with an Introduction to Statistical Mechanics

Lectures in Classical Thermodynamics with an Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Book
Author : Daniel Blankschtein
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-15
ISBN : 3030491986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook facilitates students’ ability to apply fundamental principles and concepts in classical thermodynamics to solve challenging problems relevant to industry and everyday life. It also introduces the reader to the fundamentals of statistical mechanics, including understanding how the microscopic properties of atoms and molecules, and their associated intermolecular interactions, can be accounted for to calculate various average properties of macroscopic systems. The author emphasizes application of the fundamental principles outlined above to the calculation of a variety of thermodynamic properties, to the estimation of conversion efficiencies for work production by heat interactions, and to the solution of practical thermodynamic problems related to the behavior of non-ideal pure fluids and fluid mixtures, including phase equilibria and chemical reaction equilibria. The book contains detailed solutions to many challenging sample problems in classical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics that will help the reader crystallize the material taught. Class-tested and perfected over 30 years of use by nine-time Best Teaching Award recipient Professor Daniel Blankschtein of the Department of Chemical Engineering at MIT, the book is ideal for students of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering, Chemistry, and Materials Science, who will benefit greatly from in-depth discussions and pedagogical explanations of key concepts. Distills critical concepts, methods, and applications from leading full-length textbooks, along with the author’s own deep understanding of the material taught, into a concise yet rigorous graduate and advanced undergraduate text; Enriches the standard curriculum with succinct, problem-based learning strategies derived from the content of 50 lectures given over the years in the Department of Chemical Engineering at MIT; Reinforces concepts covered with detailed solutions to illuminating and challenging homework problems.

The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe Co S O System

The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe Co S O System Book
Author : Omran A. Musbah
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria of the Fe Co S O System book written by Omran A. Musbah, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Materials Thermodynamics

Materials Thermodynamics Book
Author : Y. Austin Chang,W. Alan Oates
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-01-26
ISBN : 0470549955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A timely, applications-driven text in thermodynamics Materials Thermodynamics provides both students and professionals with the in-depth explanation they need to prepare for the real-world application of thermodynamic tools. Based upon an actual graduate course taught by the authors, this class-tested text covers the subject with a broader, more industry-oriented lens than can be found in any other resource available. This modern approach: Reflects changes rapidly occurring in society at large—from the impact of computers on the teaching of thermodynamics in materials science and engineering university programs to the use of approximations of higher order than the usual Bragg-Williams in solution-phase modeling Makes students aware of the practical problems in using thermodynamics Emphasizes that the calculation of the position of phase and chemical equilibrium in complex systems, even when properly defined, is not easy Relegates concepts like equilibrium constants, activity coefficients, free energy functions, and Gibbs-Duhem integrations to a relatively minor role Includes problems and exercises, as well as a solutions manual This authoritative text is designed for students and professionals in materials science and engineering, particularly those in physical metallurgy, metallic materials, alloy design and processing, corrosion, oxidation, coatings, and high-temperature alloys.

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Book
Author : K. V. NARAYANAN
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2013-01-11
ISBN : 8120347471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed as an undergraduate-level textbook in Chemical Engineering, this student-friendly, thoroughly class-room tested book, now in its second edition, continues to provide an in-depth analysis of chemical engineering thermodynamics. The book has been so organized that it gives comprehensive coverage of basic concepts and applications of the laws of thermodynamics in the initial chapters, while the later chapters focus at length on important areas of study falling under the realm of chemical thermodynamics. The reader is thus introduced to a thorough analysis of the fundamental laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications to practical situations. This is followed by a detailed discussion on relationships among thermodynamic properties and an exhaustive treatment on the thermodynamic properties of solutions. The role of phase equilibrium thermodynamics in design, analysis, and operation of chemical separation methods is also deftly dealt with. Finally, the chemical reaction equilibria are skillfully explained. Besides numerous illustrations, the book contains over 200 worked examples, over 400 exercise problems (all with answers) and several objective-type questions, which enable students to gain an in-depth understanding of the concepts and theory discussed. The book will also be a useful text for students pursuing courses in chemical engineering-related branches such as polymer engineering, petroleum engineering, and safety and environmental engineering. New to This Edition • More Example Problems and Exercise Questions in each chapter • Updated section on Vapour–Liquid Equilibrium in Chapter 8 to highlight the significance of equations of state approach • GATE Questions up to 2012 with answers

Concept Development Studies in Chemistry

Concept Development Studies in Chemistry Book
Author : John S. Hutchinson
Publisher : Orange Groove Books
Release : 2009-09-01
ISBN : 9781616100216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Concept Development Studies in Chemistry book written by John S. Hutchinson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamics and Chemistry

Thermodynamics and Chemistry   Book
Author : Howard DeVoe
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Thermodynamics and Chemistry book written by Howard DeVoe, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid Phase Equilibria

Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid Phase Equilibria Book
Author : John M. Prausnitz,Rudiger N. Lichtenthaler,Edmundo Gomes de Azevedo
Publisher : Pearson Education
Release : 1998-10-22
ISBN : 0132440504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The classic guide to mixtures, completely updated with new models, theories, examples, and data. Efficient separation operations and many other chemical processes depend upon a thorough understanding of the properties of gaseous and liquid mixtures. Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition is a systematic, practical guide to interpreting, correlating, and predicting thermodynamic properties used in mixture-related phase-equilibrium calculations. Completely updated, this edition reflects the growing maturity of techniques grounded in applied statistical thermodynamics and molecular simulation, while relying on classical thermodynamics, molecular physics, and physical chemistry wherever these fields offer superior solutions. Detailed new coverage includes: Techniques for improving separation processes and making them more environmentally friendly. Theoretical concepts enabling the description and interpretation of solution properties. New models, notably the lattice-fluid and statistical associated-fluid theories. Polymer solutions, including gas-polymer equilibria, polymer blends, membranes, and gels. Electrolyte solutions, including semi-empirical models for solutions containing salts or volatile electrolytes. Coverage also includes: fundamentals of classical thermodynamics of phase equilibria; thermodynamic properties from volumetric data; intermolecular forces; fugacities in gas and liquid mixtures; solubilities of gases and solids in liquids; high-pressure phase equilibria; virial coefficients for quantum gases; and much more. Throughout, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria strikes a perfect balance between empirical techniques and theory, and is replete with useful examples and experimental data. More than ever, it is the essential resource for engineers, chemists, and other professionals working with mixtures and related processes.

Encyclopedia of Geochemistry

Encyclopedia of Geochemistry Book
Author : C.P. Marshall,Rhodes W. Fairbridge
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-07-31
ISBN : 0412755009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a complete and authoritative reference text on an evolving field. Over 200 international scientists have written over 340 separate topics on different aspects of geochemistry including organics, trace elements, isotopes, high and low temperature geochemistry, and ore deposits, to name just a few.