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The Thermodynamics Of Phase And Reaction Equilibria

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The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria

The Thermodynamics of Phase and Reaction Equilibria Book
Author : Ismail Tosun
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0444595023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a sound foundation for understanding abstract concepts of phase and reaction equilibria (e.g. partial molar Gibbs energy, fugacity, and activity), and shows how to apply these concepts to solve practical problems using numerous clear examples. It also presents numerical methods necessary for solving real-world problems as well the basic mathematics needed, facilitating its use as a self-study reference work. In the example problems requiring MATHCAD® for the solution, the results of the intermediate steps are given, enabling the reader to easily track mistakes and understand the order of magnitude of the various quantities involved. Clear layout, coherent and logical organization of the content, and presentation suitable for self-study Provides analytical equations in dimensionless form for the calculation of changes in internal energy, enthalpy, and entropy as well as departure functions and fugacity coefficients Includes up-to-date information, comprehensive in-depth content and current examples in each chapter Includes many well organized problems (with answers), which are extensions of the examples enabling conceptual understanding for quantitative/real problem solving Includes the mathematical background required for solving problems encountered in phase and reaction equilibria

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering Book
Author : Camila Gambini Pereira
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-17
ISBN : 0128115572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering is the definitive book on thermodynamics of equilibrium applied to food engineering. Food is a complex matrix consisting of different groups of compounds divided into macronutrients (lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins), and micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals). The quality characteristics of food products associated with the sensorial, physical and microbiological attributes are directly related to the thermodynamic properties of specific compounds and complexes that are formed during processing or by the action of diverse interventions, such as the environment, biochemical reactions, and others. In addition, in obtaining bioactive substances using separation processes, the knowledge of phase equilibria of food systems is essential to provide an efficient separation, with a low cost in the process and high selectivity in the recovery of the desired component. This book combines theory and application of phase equilibria data of systems containing food compounds to help food engineers and researchers to solve complex problems found in food processing. It provides support to researchers from academia and industry to better understand the behavior of food materials in the face of processing effects, and to develop ways to improve the quality of the food products. Presents the fundamentals of phase equilibria in the food industry Describes both classic and advanced models, including cubic equations of state and activity coefficient Encompasses distillation, solid-liquid extraction, liquid-liquid extraction, adsorption, crystallization and supercritical fluid extraction Explores equilibrium in advanced systems, including colloidal, electrolyte and protein systems

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations

Phase Equilibria  Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations Book
Author : Mats Hillert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-11-22
ISBN : 1139465864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter

Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter Book
Author : H.A.J. Oonk,M.T. Calvet
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-10-23
ISBN : 140206408X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first volume of this work is organized in three levels, so that the portion and importance of thermodynamics and mathematics increase from level to level. The ground level shows that basics of phase equilibria can be understood without thermodynamics provided the concept of chemical potential is introduced early. The intermediate level introduces thermodynamics, culminating in the Gibbs energy as the arbiter for equilibrium. At the third level the accent is on binary systems, where one or more phases are solutions of the components. Priority is given throughout to the thermodynamic assessment of experimental data. 200 exercises are included with solutions.

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Phase Equilibrium Engineering Book
Author : Esteban Alberto Brignole,Selva Pereda
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-04-02
ISBN : 044459471X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditionally, the teaching of phase equilibria emphasizes the relationships between the thermodynamic variables of each phase in equilibrium rather than its engineering applications. This book changes the focus from the use of thermodynamics relationships to compute phase equilibria to the design and control of the phase conditions that a process needs. Phase Equilibrium Engineering presents a systematic study and application of phase equilibrium tools to the development of chemical processes. The thermodynamic modeling of mixtures for process development, synthesis, simulation, design and optimization is analyzed. The relation between the mixture molecular properties, the selection of the thermodynamic model and the process technology that could be applied are discussed. A classification of mixtures, separation process, thermodynamic models and technologies is presented to guide the engineer in the world of separation processes. The phase condition required for a given reacting system is studied at subcritical and supercritical conditions. The four cardinal points of phase equilibrium engineering are: the chemical plant or process, the laboratory, the modeling of phase equilibria and the simulator. The harmonization of all these components to obtain a better design or operation is the ultimate goal of phase equilibrium engineering. Methodologies are discussed using relevant industrial examples The molecular nature and composition of the process mixture is given a key role in process decisions Phase equilibrium diagrams are used as a drawing board for process implementation

Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation

Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation Book
Author : Jürgen Gmehling,Michael Kleiber,Bärbel Kolbe,Jürgen Rarey
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-06-10
ISBN : 3527343253
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The only textbook that applies thermodynamics to real-world process engineering problems This must-read for advanced students and professionals alike is the first book to demonstrate how chemical thermodynamics work in the real world by applying them to actual engineering examples. It also discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the particular models and procedures, and explains the most important models that are applied in process industry. All the topics are illustrated with examples that are closely related to practical process simulation problems. At the end of each chapter, additional calculation examples are given to enable readers to extend their comprehension. Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation instructs on the behavior of fluids for pure fluids, describing the main types of equations of state and their abilities. It discusses the various quantities of interest in process simulation, their correlation, and prediction in detail. Chapters look at the important terms for the description of the thermodynamics of mixtures; the most important models and routes for phase equilibrium calculation; models which are applicable to a wide variety of non-electrolyte systems; membrane processes; polymer thermodynamics; enthalpy of reaction; chemical equilibria, and more. -Explains thermodynamic fundamentals used in process simulation with solved examples -Includes new chapters about modern measurement techniques, retrograde condensation, and simultaneous description of chemical equilibrium -Comprises numerous solved examples, which simplify the understanding of the often complex calculation procedures, and discusses advantages and disadvantages of models and procedures -Includes estimation methods for thermophysical properties and phase equilibria thermodynamics of alternative separation processes -Supplemented with MathCAD-sheets and DDBST programs for readers to reproduce the examples Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation is an ideal resource for those working in the fields of process development, process synthesis, or process optimization, and an excellent book for students in the engineering sciences.

Introduction to CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

Introduction to CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Book
Author : GOPINATH HALDER
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2014-09-02
ISBN : 8120348974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, now in its second edition, continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics and also introduces the student to the application of principles to various practical areas. The book emphasizes the role of the fundamental principles of thermodynamics in the derivation of significant relationships between the various thermodynamic properties. The initial chapter provides an overview of the basic concepts and processes, and discusses the important units and dimensions involved. The ensuing chapters, in a logical presentation, thoroughly cover the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the heat effects, the thermodynamic properties and their relations, refrigeration and liquefaction processes, and the equilibria between phases and in chemical reactions. The book is suitably illustrated with a large number of visuals. In the second edition, new sections on Quasi-Static Process and Entropy Change in Reversible and Irreversible Processes are included. Besides, new Solved Model Question Paper and several new Multiple Choice Questions are also added that help develop the students’ ability and confidence in the application of the underlying concepts. Primarily intended for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and other related engineering disciplines such as polymer, petroleum and pharmaceutical engineering, the book will also be useful for the postgraduate students of the subject as well as professionals in the relevant fields.

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics Book
Author : Pradeep Ahuja
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2008-12-01
ISBN : 8120336372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a full account of thermodynamic systems in chemical engineering. It provides a solid understanding of the basic concepts of the laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications with a thorough discussion of phase and chemical reaction equilibria. At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants. key Features  Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed.  Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600.  Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered. The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals. The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.

Phase Diagrams and Heterogeneous Equilibria

Phase Diagrams and Heterogeneous Equilibria Book
Author : Bruno Predel,Michael Hoch,Monte J. Pool
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 366209276X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This advanced comprehensive textbook introduces the practical application of phase diagrams to the thermodynamics of materials consisting of several phases. It describes the fundamental physics and thermodynamics as well as experimental methods, treating all material classes: metals, glasses, ceramics, polymers, organic materials, aqueous solutions. With many application examples and realistic cases from chemistry and materials science, it is intended for students and researchers in chemistry, metallurgy, mineralogy, and materials science as well as in engineering and physics. The authors treat the nucleation of phase transitions, the production and stability of technologically important metastable phases, and metallic glasses. Also concisely presented are the thermodynamics and composition of polymer systems. This innovative text puts this powerful analytical approach into a readily understandable and practical context, perhaps for the first time.

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials Fifth Edition

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials  Fifth Edition Book
Author : David R. Gaskell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-03-13
ISBN : 0203428498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This classic textbook is the definitive introduction to the thermodynamic behavior of materials systems. Written as a basic text for advanced undergraduates and first year graduate students in metallurgy, metallurgical engineering, ceramics, or materials science, it presents the underlying thermodynamic principles of materials and their plethora of applications. The book is also of proven interest to working professionals in need of a reference or refresher course.

Thermodynamics with Chemical Engineering Applications

Thermodynamics with Chemical Engineering Applications Book
Author : Elias I. Franses
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-08-25
ISBN : 1107069750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Master the principles of thermodynamics, and understand their practical real-world applications, with this deep and intuitive undergraduate textbook.

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Book
Author : K. V. NARAYANAN
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2013-01-11
ISBN : 8120347471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed as an undergraduate-level textbook in Chemical Engineering, this student-friendly, thoroughly class-room tested book, now in its second edition, continues to provide an in-depth analysis of chemical engineering thermodynamics. The book has been so organized that it gives comprehensive coverage of basic concepts and applications of the laws of thermodynamics in the initial chapters, while the later chapters focus at length on important areas of study falling under the realm of chemical thermodynamics. The reader is thus introduced to a thorough analysis of the fundamental laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications to practical situations. This is followed by a detailed discussion on relationships among thermodynamic properties and an exhaustive treatment on the thermodynamic properties of solutions. The role of phase equilibrium thermodynamics in design, analysis, and operation of chemical separation methods is also deftly dealt with. Finally, the chemical reaction equilibria are skillfully explained. Besides numerous illustrations, the book contains over 200 worked examples, over 400 exercise problems (all with answers) and several objective-type questions, which enable students to gain an in-depth understanding of the concepts and theory discussed. The book will also be a useful text for students pursuing courses in chemical engineering-related branches such as polymer engineering, petroleum engineering, and safety and environmental engineering. New to This Edition • More Example Problems and Exercise Questions in each chapter • Updated section on Vapour–Liquid Equilibrium in Chapter 8 to highlight the significance of equations of state approach • GATE Questions up to 2012 with answers

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics Book
Author : D. Srinivasan
Publisher : New Age International
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 9788122414950
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Book Is Intended To Present A Good Treatment Of The Fundamentals Of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics. In This Book Definitions Are Emphasized First To Form The Foundation Of The Subject And Upon This Foundation Arise The First Law, Second Law And The Principle Of Reversibility.Upon This Framework The Secondary Phases Are Based; The Properties Of Real Fluids And Gases, The Concept And Properties Of An Ideal Gas, An Ideal Solution, A Non-Ideal Solution And The Applications Of The Basic Concepts To The Understanding Of The Thermodynamic Aspects Of Compression Processes, Phase Equilibria And Chemical Reaction Equilibria. Sufficient Material Has Been Included To Meet The Requirements Of The Undergraduate Curriculum For A Two-Semester Course In Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics.From A Chemical Engineering Viewpoint, A Significant Emphasis Has To Be Made On The Study And Understanding Of Phase Equilibria And Chemical Reaction Equilibria. These Two Topics Are Covered In Detail In This Book.Lllustrations Pertaining To All These Areas/Topics Are Liberally Included Throughout The Text.

Phase Equilibria in Materials

Phase Equilibria in Materials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Allied Publishers
Release : 2021-05-14
ISBN : 9788177644227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phase Equilibria in Materials book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Phase Equilibria in Metamorphic Rocks

Phase Equilibria in Metamorphic Rocks Book
Author : Thomas M. Will
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1998-04-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This books aims to provide an introduction to various techniques to determine the pressure and temperature conditions of formation of metamorphic rocks. The necessary thermodynamic foundations and principles, and the basis of geothermobarometric methods, are carefully derived. Special emphasis is placed on the use of phase diagrams to determine the conditons of formation and to unravel the PT paths of metamorphic rocks during orogeny. The book is divided into three parts. Part A introduces some of the broader aspects of mineral solid solutions, Part B discusses the theoretical basis of geothermometry and geobarometry, and Part C deals with phase diagrams. Many examples are incorporated into the main body of the text to enable the reader to "learn-by-doing".

The Bases of Chemical Thermodynamics

The Bases of Chemical Thermodynamics Book
Author : Michael Grätzel,Pierre Infelta
Publisher : Universal-Publishers
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9781581127713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 1: In this volume, the fundamental aspects of thermodynamics are presented. The first and second laws of thermodynamics are illustrated. The need to define thermodynamic temperature and the nature of entropy are explained. The book explores the meaning of auxiliary thermodynamic functions, the origin, usefulness and use of partial molar quantities. Gaseous systems and phase equilibria, in systems where chemical reactions do not take place, are described.

Lectures in Classical Thermodynamics with an Introduction to Statistical Mechanics

Lectures in Classical Thermodynamics with an Introduction to Statistical Mechanics Book
Author : Daniel Blankschtein
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-29
ISBN : 3030491986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook facilitates students’ ability to apply fundamental principles and concepts in classical thermodynamics to solve challenging problems relevant to industry and everyday life. It also introduces the reader to the fundamentals of statistical mechanics, including understanding how the microscopic properties of atoms and molecules, and their associated intermolecular interactions, can be accounted for to calculate various average properties of macroscopic systems. The author emphasizes application of the fundamental principles outlined above to the calculation of a variety of thermodynamic properties, to the estimation of conversion efficiencies for work production by heat interactions, and to the solution of practical thermodynamic problems related to the behavior of non-ideal pure fluids and fluid mixtures, including phase equilibria and chemical reaction equilibria. The book contains detailed solutions to many challenging sample problems in classical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics that will help the reader crystallize the material taught. Class-tested and perfected over 30 years of use by nine-time Best Teaching Award recipient Professor Daniel Blankschtein of the Department of Chemical Engineering at MIT, the book is ideal for students of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering, Chemistry, and Materials Science, who will benefit greatly from in-depth discussions and pedagogical explanations of key concepts. Distills critical concepts, methods, and applications from leading full-length textbooks, along with the author’s own deep understanding of the material taught, into a concise yet rigorous graduate and advanced undergraduate text; Enriches the standard curriculum with succinct, problem-based learning strategies derived from the content of 50 lectures given over the years in the Department of Chemical Engineering at MIT; Reinforces concepts covered with detailed solutions to illuminating and challenging homework problems.

The Thermodynamics of Soil Solutions

The Thermodynamics of Soil Solutions Book
Author : Garrison Sposito
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Variables of state and thermodynamic potentials; Chemical equilibrium. Solubility equilibria in soil solutions; Electrochemical equilibria in soils; The thermodynamic theory of ion exchange; The molecular theory of cation exchange; The thermodynamic theory of water soil.

TEXTBOOK OF MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL THERMODYNAMICS

TEXTBOOK OF MATERIALS AND METALLURGICAL THERMODYNAMICS Book
Author : AHINDRA GHOSH
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2002-01-01
ISBN : 9788120320918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metallurgical Thermodynamics, as well as its modified version, Thermodynamics of Materials, forms a core course in metallurgical and materials engineering, constituting one of the principal foundations in these disciplines. Designed as an undergraduate textbook, this concise and systematically organized text deals primarily with the thermodynamics of systems involving physico-chemical processes and chemical reactions, such as calculations of enthalpy, entropy and free energy changes of processes; thermodynamic properties of solutions; chemical and phase equilibria; and thermodynamics of surfaces, interfaces and defects. The major emphasis is on high-temperature systems and processes involving metals and inorganic compounds. The many worked examples, diagrams, and tables that illustrate the concepts discussed, and chapter-end problems that stimulate self-study should enable the students to study the subject with enhanced interest.