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The Teeth Of Mammalian Vertebrates

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The Teeth of Mammalian Vertebrates

The Teeth of Mammalian Vertebrates Book
Author : Barry K. B. Berkovitz,R.P Shellis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-10
ISBN : 012802819X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Teeth of Mammalian Vertebrates presents a comprehensive survey of mammalian dentitions that is based on material gathered from museums and research workers from around the world. The teeth are major factors in the success of mammals, and knowledge of tooth form and function is essential in mammalian biology. Illustrated with high-quality color photographs of skulls and dentitions, together with X-rays, CT images and histology, this book reveals the tremendous variety of tooth form and structure in mammals. Written by two internationally-recognized experts in dental anatomy, the book provides an up-to-date account of how teeth are adapted to acquiring and processing food. With its companion volume, this book provides a complete survey of the teeth of vertebrates. It is the ideal resource for students and researchers in zoology, biology, anthropology, archaeology and dentistry. Provides a comprehensive account of mammalian dentitions, together with helpful reading lists Illustrated by 900 high-quality photographs, X-rays, CT scans and histological images from leading researchers and world class museum collection Depicts lateral and occlusal views of the skull and dentition, which conveys a much greater level of morphological detail than line drawings Contains clear-and-concise, up-to-date reviews of the structure and properties of dental tissues, especially the enamel and tooth support system, both of which play vital roles in the functioning of the mammalian dentition

The Teeth of Non Mammalian Vertebrates

The Teeth of Non Mammalian Vertebrates Book
Author : Barry K. B. Berkovitz,R.P Shellis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-14
ISBN : 012802884X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Teeth of Non-Mammalian Vertebrates is the first comprehensive publication devoted to the teeth and dentitions of living fishes, amphibians and reptiles. The book presents a comprehensive survey of the amazing variety of tooth forms among non-mammalian vertebrates, based on descriptions of approximately 400 species belonging to about 160 families. The text is lavishly illustrated with more than 600 high-quality color and monochrome photographs of specimens gathered from top museums and research workers from around the world, supplemented by radiographs and micro-CT images. This stimulating work discusses the functional morphology of feeding, the attachment of teeth, and the relationship of tooth form to function, with each chapter accompanied by a comprehensive, up-to-date reference list. Following the descriptions of the teeth and dentitions in each class, four chapters review current topics with considerable research activity: tooth development; tooth replacement; and the structure, formation and evolution of the dental hard tissues. This timely book, authored by internationally recognized teachers and researchers in the field, also reflects the resurgence of interest in the dentitions of non-mammalian vertebrates as experimental systems to help understand genetic changes in evolution of teeth and jaws. Features more than 600 images, including numerous high-quality photographs from internationally-recognized researchers and world class collections Offers guidance on tooth morphology for classification and evolution of vertebrates Provides detailed coverage of the dentition of all living groups of non-mammalian vertebrates

Evolution of Mammalian Molar Teeth

Evolution of Mammalian Molar Teeth Book
Author : Henry Fairfield Osborn
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Release : 2017-10-15
ISBN : 9780265358672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Excerpt from Evolution of Mammalian Molar Teeth: To and From the Triangular Type, Including Collected and Revised Researches on Trituberculy and New Sections on the Forms and Homologies of the Molar Teeth in the Different Orders of Mammals The present volume treats only the primary evolution of the molar and premolar teeth of mammals, and is thus more restricted in scope than the admirable 'dental Anatomy' of Tomes which covers the teeth of the vertebrates generally. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Teeth A Very Short Introduction

Teeth  A Very Short Introduction Book
Author : Peter S. Ungar
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014-03
ISBN : 0199670595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Teeth are a vital component of vertebrate anatomy and a fundamental part of the fossil record. It was the evolution of teeth, associated with predation, that drove the evolution of the wide array of fish, amphibians, reptiles, and then mammals. Peter S. Ungar looks at how, without teeth, none of these developments could have occurred.

Evolution of the Skull Jaws and Teeth in Vertebrates

Evolution of the Skull  Jaws and Teeth in Vertebrates Book
Author : William G. Young,R. Jupp,B. J. Kruger
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evolution of the Skull Jaws and Teeth in Vertebrates book written by William G. Young,R. Jupp,B. J. Kruger, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mammal Teeth

Mammal Teeth Book
Author : Peter S. Ungar
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2010-10-01
ISBN : 9780801899515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

His book is a must-read for paleontologists, mammalogists, and anthropologists.

Hyman s Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Hyman s Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Book
Author : Libbie Henrietta Hyman
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 1992-09-15
ISBN : 9780226870137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book, now in its third edition, is to introduce the morphology of vertebrates in a context that emphasizes a comparison of structire and of the function of structural units. The comparative method involves the analysis of the history of structure in both developmental and evolutionary frameworks. The nature of adaptation is the key to this analysis. Adaptation of a species to its environment, as revealed by its structure, function, and reproductive success, is the product of mutation and natural selection–the process of evolution. The evolution of structure and function, then, is the theme of this book which presents, system by system, the evolution of structure and function of vertebrates. Each chapter presents the major evolutionary trends of an organ system, with instructions for laboratory exploration of these trends included so the student can integrate concept with example.

Evolutionary Cell Processes in Primates

Evolutionary Cell Processes in Primates Book
Author : M. Kathleen Pitirri,Joan T. Richtsmeier
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 1000439410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many complex traits define the primate condition, including behaviors as fundamental as locomotion and traits as scrutinized as the dentition, and their study reveals dramatic evolutionary change across the primates. Genetic modifications are at the basis of these changes, but transformation of genetic information into phenotypes occurs at the level of the cell, which is the focus of this book. Contributors summarize novel methodologies to analyze the collective behavior of cells in forming tissues and organs influencing physiological functions and anatomical features that enable behaviors. Our goal is to review current knowledge and encourage others to adopt evolutionary cell biology to aid in deciphering the genotype-phenotype map that underlies the diversification of primates, human variation, and human evolution. The contributors to this book utilize advances in genetic analysis and visualization of cells and tissues and merge evolutionary developmental biology with evolutionary cell biology to address questions central to understanding human and primate evolution. Key Features Explores mechanisms underlying trait development, distribution, variation, and evolution, especially with respect to pigmentation, dental formulae, the skeleton, energetics, and temperature-related morphological variation Documents the advantages for anthropologists to work at the level of cells, focusing on how genes provide instructions for cells to make structure and how environment affects the behavior of cells Illustrates the role cell biology plays in pelage growth and pigmentation, facial morphology, melanin production in pigmentation, dental development and tooth loss, and energy expenditure Describes novel methodologies and techniques to analyze environment- and temperature-related influences on phenotypes Demonstrates how significant changes in life history occur at the level of the cell Related Titles Bianchi, L. Developmental Neurobiology (ISBN 978-0-8153-4482-7) King, G. R. Primate Behavior and Human Origins (ISBN 978-1-138-85317-1) Rhys Evans, P. H. The Waterside Ape: An Alternate Account of Human Evolution (ISBN 978-0-367-14548-4)

Vertebrate Biology

Vertebrate Biology Book
Author : Donald W. Linzey
Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
Release : 2020-08-04
ISBN : 1421437333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arranged logically to follow the most widely adopted course structure, this text will leave students with a full understanding of the unique structure, function, and living patterns of all vertebrates.

The Complete Dinosaur

The Complete Dinosaur Book
Author : James Orville Farlow,M. K. Brett-Surman
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780253213136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A highly illustrated celebration of dinosaurs for general readers, presenting a thorough survey from the earliest discoveries to contemporary controversies over extinction. Chapters are written by experts in fields including functional morphology, paleobiology, and biogeography, with sections on the discovery of dinosaurs, the study of dinosaurs, groups of dinosaurs, their biology, and dinosaur evolution. Highlights include discussion of new information on the warm-blooded/cold-blooded debate, new insights into the possibility of isolating dinosaur DNA, and a special section on dinosaurs in the media. While touted as accessible, treatment is sophisticated and assumes an educated and highly motivated readership. Includes a glossary, and bandw and color photos, drawings, paintings, and diagrams. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The Tales Teeth Tell

The Tales Teeth Tell Book
Author : Tanya M. Smith
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2018-10-23
ISBN : 0262348934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What teeth can tell us about human evolution, development, and behavior. Our teeth have intriguing stories to tell. These sophisticated time machines record growth, diet, and evolutionary history as clearly as tree rings map a redwood's lifespan. Each day of childhood is etched into tooth crowns and roots—capturing birth, nursing history, environmental clues, and illnesses. The study of ancient, fossilized teeth sheds light on how our ancestors grew up, how we evolved, and how prehistoric cultural transitions continue to affect humans today. In The Tales Teeth Tell, biological anthropologist Tanya Smith offers an engaging and surprising look at what teeth tell us about the evolution of primates—including our own uniqueness. Humans' impressive set of varied teeth provides a multipurpose toolkit honed by the diet choices of our mammalian ancestors. Fossil teeth, highly resilient because of their substantial mineral content, are all that is left of some long-extinct species. Smith explains how researchers employ painstaking techniques to coax microscopic secrets from these enigmatic remains. Counting tiny daily lines provides a way to estimate age that is more powerful than any other forensic technique. Dental plaque—so carefully removed by dental hygienists today—records our ancestors' behavior and health in the form of fossilized food particles and bacteria, including their DNA. Smith also traces the grisly origins of dentistry, reveals that the urge to pick one's teeth is not unique to humans, and illuminates the age-old pursuit of “dental art.” The book is generously illustrated with original photographs, many in color.

Feeding in Vertebrates

Feeding in Vertebrates Book
Author : Vincent Bels,Ian Q. Whishaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-23
ISBN : 3030137392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides students and researchers with reviews of biological questions related to the evolution of feeding by vertebrates in aquatic and terrestrial environments. Based on recent technical developments and novel conceptual approaches, the book covers functional questions on trophic behavior in nearly all vertebrate groups including jawless fishes. The book describes mechanisms and theories for understanding the relationships between feeding structure and feeding behavior. Finally, the book demonstrates the importance of adopting an integrative approach to the trophic system in order to understand evolutionary mechanisms across the biodiversity of vertebrates.

Developmental Genetic Basis of Stickleback Evolved Tooth Gain

Developmental Genetic Basis of Stickleback Evolved Tooth Gain Book
Author : Nicholas Ellis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An abundance of morphological diversity is seen across nature yet we know little of the mechanistic underpinnings of these evolved changes. Developmental patterning is achieved by relatively few signaling pathways, which have been modified throughout evolution to give rise to the various forms we see today. Despite extensive studies characterizing mutant phenotypes under laboratory settings, we still know little about the developmental and genetic mechanisms underlying evolved phenotypes in nature. Outstanding questions include: How have developmental mechanisms been modified? When the same phenotype evolves, are the genetic bases the same or different? And in cases with continuously regenerating morphology, how are these phenotypes maintained over time and what signaling pathways play a role? In this dissertation I address these questions using the teeth of the threespine stickleback fish, Gasterosteus aculeatus, as a model. Teeth have long served as a model system to study basic questions about vertebrate organogenesis, morphogenesis, and evolution. In most non-mammalian vertebrates, teeth regenerate throughout adult life. New model systems that undergo continuous tooth replacement are sorely needed to complement developmental studies of tooth formation in mice, which do not replace their teeth. Fish have evolved a tremendous amount of diversity in dental patterning in both their oral and pharyngeal dentitions, offering numerous opportunities to study how morphology develops, regenerates, and evolves in different lineages. Threespine stickleback fish have emerged as a new system to study how morphology evolves, and provide a particularly powerful system to study the development and evolution of dental morphology. Sticklebacks have undergone an adaptive radiation, with oceanic marine populations repeatedly colonizing and rapidly adapting to freshwater lakes and creeks throughout the northern hemisphere. Colonization of freshwater environments is accompanied by a variety of changes to the head skeleton, many of which are likely adaptive for the major shift in diet from small zooplankton in the ocean to larger prey in freshwater. Natural variation in dental patterning exists between stickleback fish populations providing an opportunity to dissect the developmental genetic basis of tooth formation and replacement. Marine and freshwater sticklebacks can be intercrossed and their F1 hybrids are fertile, allowing forward genetic mapping of genomic regions controlling evolved differences. In chapter 1, I introduce the oral and pharyngeal dentition in sticklebacks and provide morphological, histological, and molecular evidence for homology of oral and pharyngeal teeth. Next, using a dense developmental time-course of lab-reared animals, the temporal and spatial sequence of early tooth formation for the ventral pharyngeal dentition is described. This sequence is highly stereotypical allowing the characterization of the first tooth replacement event and providing a guide for future phenotyping. Finally, the early sequence of tooth development is compared to that described in other fish, revealing that major changes to how dental morphology arises and regenerates have evolved across different fish lineages. In chapter 2, I focus on how the variation in dental patterning manifests during development. Previous work had identified a freshwater population with increased tooth number arising late in development, however the mechanism of how teeth were gained over time remained elusive. Here, using a vital dye pulse-chase method, we showed increased tooth number results from an increased tooth replacement rate. We also identified a second freshwater population which has convergently evolved tooth gain allowing us to study whether the developmental and genetic bases underlying this phenotype are the same or different. Despite the similar evolved phenotype of more teeth and an accelerated adult replacement rate, the timing of tooth number divergence and the spatial patterns of newly formed teeth are different in the two freshwater populations, suggesting distinct developmental mechanisms underlie the evolved changes. Using genome-wide linkage mapping in marine-freshwater F2 genetic crosses, we found largely non-overlapping genomic regions controlling tooth patterning in the two high-toothed populations. This work represents one of the first demonstrations of distinct developmental genetic bases underlying evolved changes in morphology in vertebrates. In chapter 3, I test the role of BMP signaling on stickleback tooth formation and replacement. Although distinct genomic regions underlying evolved tooth gain in two freshwater populations were identified, the reoccurrence of BMP pathway members (ex. Bmp6, Msxe, Bmp7a) appearing as candidates in loci underlying evolved tooth gain suggests the hypothesis that changes in different components of the BMP signaling pathway underlies convergent evolution of tooth gain. Using the small molecule BMP signaling inhibitor LDN-193189, we showed BMP signaling plays both positive and negative roles in tooth development and replacement. BMP knockdown results in failure to initiate late forming primary positions while premature replacement occurs at early, established tooth positions. Notably, this accelerated tooth replacement is independent of tooth shedding and may be a mechanism used to evolved gains in tooth number. Late in development at a stage after individual tooth positions can be tracked, BMP knockdown in marine fish increased the number of newly forming teeth, likely due to increased tooth replacement. Collectively these data suggest that during stickleback tooth formation and replacement, BMPs positively regulate tooth development while negatively regulating tooth replacement and suggest this pathway has been modified during freshwater adaptation to achieve evolved tooth gain. In chapter 4, I provide a protocol demonstrating how to dissect and flat-mount the internal branchial skeleton. By mounting this complex three-dimensional skeleton into largely two-dimensions, one can easily phenotype a variety of internal traits including pharyngeal tooth patterning. This method is a fast and relatively inexpensive way to study variation of trophic traits and is also applicable to a wide variety of fish species. In sticklebacks, we have used this method to visualize and precisely measure skeletal morphology in genetic crosses to map genomic regions controlling craniofacial patterning. Together this dissertation makes significant progress toward understanding the developmental genetic basis of evolved tooth gain in stickleback fish. These results have broad implications for understanding the repeatability of evolution, mechanisms of evolved gain traits, the process and signaling pathways of tooth replacement, and how signaling pathways can be modulated to produce morphological variation.

Nothing but the Tooth

Nothing but the Tooth Book
Author : Barry K.B Berkovitz
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0123971934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While most books on dentistry describe the clinical and medical procedures involved, this book expands the field to examine the role of dentistry and teeth in everything from biology to biography. This book offers facts and figures regarding famous historical figures, such as John Hunter, Dr Crippen, Doc Holliday, and Paul Revere, exploring how their connections to dentistry shaped them, as well as the story of the two young dentists who discovered the principles of general anaesthesia. Other chapters focus on the amazing ranges of teeth in animals, from the teeth in piranhas to the tusks and ivory of elephants and narwhals, looking at their biological and cultural significance. The importance of teeth in understanding the evolution of humans and in revolutionizing the study of archaeology is also evaluated. This book is appropriate for dentists, medical and dentistry students, and non-specialists to introduce the myriad interesting aspects relating to teeth. Please note that print volumes do not include full colour. Includes well-illustrated and thoroughly explained examples and anecdotes Presents both popular and little-known instances of teeth’s importance in history Written in an engaging tone appropriate for academics and the wider public

Biology of Mammals

Biology of Mammals Book
Author : D.R. Khanna,P. R. Yadav
Publisher : Discovery Publishing House
Release : 2005-12
ISBN : 9788171419340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mammals, our closest relatives in the animal kingdom, are a source of fascination and wonder. Some are the epitome of beauty and grace, others display extraordinary intelligence and have highly developed social system, and yet more seem to us bizarre in appearance and behaviour. This thoroughly illustrated title is designed to provide encyclopaedic information in easy, simple, clear and lucid language for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Effects have also been made to give an upto date over view of our knowledge of the once-scent lives of mammals.

THE ICHNOLOGY OF VERTEBRATE CONSUMPTION DENTALITES GASTROLITHS AND BROMALITES

THE ICHNOLOGY OF VERTEBRATE CONSUMPTION  DENTALITES  GASTROLITHS AND BROMALITES Book
Author : ADRIAN P. HUNT,SPENCER G. LUCAS
Publisher : New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Release : 2021-11-10
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download THE ICHNOLOGY OF VERTEBRATE CONSUMPTION DENTALITES GASTROLITHS AND BROMALITES book written by ADRIAN P. HUNT,SPENCER G. LUCAS, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

An Introduction To Biomaterials Science And Engineering

An Introduction To Biomaterials Science And Engineering Book
Author : A Sandeep Kranthi Kiran,Seeram Ramakrishna
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2021-04-22
ISBN : 9811228191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a broad scope of the field of biomaterials science and technology, focusing on theory, advances and applications. It is written for those who would like to develop their interest and knowledge towards biomaterials or materials science and engineering. All aspects of biomaterials science are thoroughly addressed, from basic principles of biomaterials, organs and medical devices to advanced topics such as tissue engineering, surface engineering, sterilization techniques, 3D printing and drug delivery systems. Readers are also introduced to major concepts of surface modification techniques, and potential applications of different classes of biomaterials. Multiple-choice questions at the end of every chapter will be helpful for students to test their understanding of each topic, with answers provided at the end of the book.Ultimately, this book offers a one-stop source of information on the essentials of biomaterials and engineering. It is useful both as an introduction and advanced reference on recent advances in the biomaterials field. Suitable readers include undergraduate and graduate students, especially those in Materials Science, Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering.

Physiology of Mammals and Other Vertebrates

Physiology of Mammals and Other Vertebrates Book
Author : P. T. Marshall,G. M. Hughes
Publisher : CUP Archive
Release : 1980-12-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 1980 second edition of a 1965 original offers a thorough appraisal of the field of mammal physiology.

Teeth A Very Short Introduction

Teeth  A Very Short Introduction Book
Author : Peter S. Ungar
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2014-03-27
ISBN : 0191649546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Teeth are amazing - the product of half a billion years of evolution. They provide fuel for the body by breaking apart other living things; and they must do it again and again over a lifetime without themselves being broken in the process. This means that plants and animals have developed tough or hard tissues for protection, and teeth have evolved ways to sharpen or strengthen themselves to overcome those defences. And just as different jobs require different tools, animals with different diets have different shaped teeth to deal with the variety of foods that they eat. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter S. Ungar, an award-winning author and leading scientist, presents the story of teeth. Ungar outlines the key concepts, including insights into the origin of teeth and their evolution. Considering why teeth are important, he describes how they are made, and how they work, including their fundamental importance in the fossil record. Ungar finishes with a review of mammal teeth, looking at how they evolved and how recent changes to our diet are now affecting dental health. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Colyer s Variations and Diseases of the Teeth of Animals

Colyer s Variations and Diseases of the Teeth of Animals Book
Author : A. E. W. Miles,Caroline Grigson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003-10-30
ISBN : 9780521544078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Colyer's Variations and Diseases of the Teeth of Animals, first published in 1936, which became an indispensable reference for students and research workers in zoology, archaeology and veterinary science, and human dentistry.