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The Synchronized Dynamics Of Complex Systems

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The Synchronized Dynamics of Complex Systems

The Synchronized Dynamics of Complex Systems Book
Author : Stefano Boccaletti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-02-05
ISBN : 9780080560427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The origin of the word synchronization is a greek root, meaning "to share the common time". The original meaning of synchronization has been maintained up to now in the colloquial use of this word, as agreement or correlation in time of different processes. Historically, the analysis of synchronization phenomena in the evolution of dynamical systems has been a subject of active investigation since the earlier days of physics. Recently, the search for synchronization has moved to chaotic systems. In this latter framework, the appearance of collective (synchronized) dynamics is, in general, not trivial. Indeed, a dynamical system is called chaotic whenever its evolution sensitively depends on the initial conditions. The above said implies that two trajectories emerging from two different closeby initial conditions separate exponentially in the course of the time. As a result, chaotic systems intrinsically defy synchronization, because even two identical systems starting from slightly different initial conditions would evolve in time in a unsynchronized manner (the differences in the systems' states would grow exponentially). This is a relevant practical problem, insofar as experimental initial conditions are never known perfectly. The setting of some collective (synchronized) behavior in coupled chaotic systems has therefore a great importance and interest. The subject of the present book is to summarize the recent discoveries involving the study of synchronization in coupled chaotic systems. Not always the word synchronization is taken as having the same colloquial meaning, and one needs to specify what synchrony means in all particular contexts in which we will describe its emergence. The book describes the complete synchronization phenomenon, both for low and for high dimensional situations, and illustrates possible applications in the field of communicating with chaos. Furthermore, the book summarizes the concepts of phase synchronization, lag synchronization, imperfect phase synchronization, and generalized synchronization, describing a general transition scenario between a hierarchy of different types of synchronization for chaotic oscillators. These concepts are extended to the case of structurally different systems, of uncoupled systems subjected to a common external source, of space extended nonlinearly evolving fields, and of dynamical units networking via a complex wiring of connections, giving thus a summary of all possible situations that are encountered in real life and in technology. · Technical, but not specialistic language · About 100 illustrative Figures · Full overview on synchronization phenomena · Review of the main tools and techniques used in the field · Paradigmatic examples and experiments illustrating the basic concepts · Full Reference to the main publications existing in the literature on the subject

Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems

Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems Book
Author : Vladimir G. Ivancevic,Tijana T. Ivancevic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-09-10
ISBN : 140204545X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems is a graduate?level monographic textbook. Itrepresentsacomprehensiveintroductionintorigorousgeometrical dynamicsofcomplexsystemsofvariousnatures. By?complexsystems?,inthis book are meant high?dimensional nonlinear systems, which can be (but not necessarily are) adaptive. This monograph proposes a uni?ed geometrical - proachtodynamicsofcomplexsystemsofvariouskinds:engineering,physical, biophysical, psychophysical, sociophysical, econophysical, etc. As their names suggest, all these multi?input multi?output (MIMO) systems have something in common: the underlying physics. However, instead of dealing with the pop- 1 ular ?soft complexity philosophy?, we rather propose a rigorous geometrical and topological approach. We believe that our rigorous approach has much greater predictive power than the soft one. We argue that science and te- nology is all about prediction and control. Observation, understanding and explanation are important in education at undergraduate level, but after that it should be all prediction and control. The main objective of this book is to show that high?dimensional nonlinear systems and processes of ?real life? can be modelled and analyzed using rigorous mathematics, which enables their complete predictability and controllability, as if they were linear systems. It is well?known that linear systems, which are completely predictable and controllable by de?nition ? live only in Euclidean spaces (of various - mensions). They are as simple as possible, mathematically elegant and fully elaborated from either scienti?c or engineering side. However, in nature, no- ing is linear. In reality, everything has a certain degree of nonlinearity, which means: unpredictability, with subsequent uncontrollability.

In Sync

In Sync Book
Author : Andrzej K. Nowak,Robin R. Vallacher,Ryszard Praszkier,Agnieszka Rychwalska,Michal Zochowski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2020-05-11
ISBN : 9783030389864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the reader to the concept of functional synchronization and how it operates on very different levels in psychological and social systems – from the emergence of thought to the formation of social relations and the structure of societies. For years, psychologists have investigated phenomena such as self-concept, social judgment, social relations, group dynamics, and cooperation and conflict, but have discussed these phenomena seoarately.This book shows how synchronization provides a foundational approach to these otherwise distinct and diverse psychological processes.This work shows that there is a basic tendency with many processes to become coordinated and progressively integrated into increasingly larger units through well-defined processes. For these larger units, new and largely adaptive functions emerge. Although synchronization affords progressive integration of system elements to enable correspondingly higher-order functions, the trajectory of synchronization is often characterized by periods of assembly and disassembly of system elements. This occurs when a task is completed and synchronization is no longer essential so that the elements once again operate in an independent fashion. It is argued that the disassembly-resynchronization scenario occurs at all levels of psychological and social reality. The implications of this approach for important issues in interpersonal relations and societal processes are discussed.

Model Emergent Dynamics in Complex Systems

Model Emergent Dynamics in Complex Systems Book
Author : A. J. Roberts
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 2021-09-18
ISBN : 1611973562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arising out of the growing interest in and applications of modern dynamical systems theory, this book explores how to derive relatively simple dynamical equations that model complex physical interactions. The author?s objectives are to use sound theory to explore algebraic techniques, develop interesting applications, and discover general modeling principles. Model Emergent Dynamics in Complex Systems unifies into one powerful and coherent approach the many varied extant methods for mathematical model reduction and approximation. Using mathematical models at various levels of resolution and complexity, the book establishes the relationships between such multiscale models and clarifying difficulties and apparent paradoxes and addresses model reduction for systems, resolves initial conditions, and illuminates control and uncertainty. The basis for the author?s methodology is the theory and the geometric picture of both coordinate transforms and invariant manifolds in dynamical systems; in particular, center and slow manifolds are heavily used. The wonderful aspect of this approach is the range of geometric interpretations of the modeling process that it produces?simple geometric pictures inspire sound methods of analysis and construction. Further, pictures drawn of state spaces also provide a route to better assess a model?s limitations and strengths. Geometry and algebra form a powerful partnership and coordinate transforms and manifolds provide a powerfully enhanced and unified view of a swathe of other complex system modeling methodologies such as averaging, homogenization, multiple scales, singular perturbations, two timing, and WKB theory.

Statistical Physics of Synchronization

Statistical Physics of Synchronization Book
Author : Shamik Gupta,Alessandro Campa,Stefano Ruffo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-28
ISBN : 3319966642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces and discusses the analysis of interacting many-body complex systems exhibiting spontaneous synchronization from the perspective of nonequilibrium statistical physics. While such systems have been mostly studied using dynamical system theory, the book underlines the usefulness of the statistical physics approach to obtain insightful results in a number of representative dynamical settings. Although it is intractable to follow the dynamics of a particular initial condition, statistical physics allows to derive exact analytical results in the limit of an infinite number of interacting units. Chapter one discusses dynamical characterization of individual units of synchronizing systems as well as of their interaction and summarizes the relevant tools of statistical physics. The latter are then used in chapters two and three to discuss respectively synchronizing systems with either a first- or a second-order evolution in time. This book provides a timely introduction to the subject and is meant for the uninitiated as well as for experienced researchers working in areas of nonlinear dynamics and chaos, statistical physics, and complex systems.

Emergence of Dynamical Order

Emergence of Dynamical Order Book
Author : Susanna C. Manrubia,Alexander S. Mikhailov,Damian Zanette
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9789812562463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Large populations of interacting active elements, periodic or chaotic, can undergo spontaneous transitions to dynamically ordered states. These collective states are characterized by self-organized coherence revealed by full mutual synchronization of individual dynamics or the formation of multiple synchronous clusters. Such self-organization phenomena are essential for the functioning of complex systems of various origins, both natural and artificial. This book provides a detailed introduction to the theory of collective synchronization phenomena in large complex systems. Transitions to dynamical clustering and synchronized states are systematically discussed. Such concepts as dynamical order parameters, glass like behavior and hierarchical organization are presented.

A Mathematical Modeling Approach from Nonlinear Dynamics to Complex Systems

A Mathematical Modeling Approach from Nonlinear Dynamics to Complex Systems Book
Author : Elbert E. N. Macau
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-14
ISBN : 3319785125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects recent developments in nonlinear and complex systems. It provides up-to-date theoretic developments and new techniques based on a nonlinear dynamical systems approach that can be used to model and understand complex behavior in nonlinear dynamical systems. It covers symmetry groups, conservation laws, risk reduction management, barriers in Hamiltonian systems, and synchronization and chaotic transient. Illustrating mathematical modeling applications to nonlinear physics and nonlinear engineering, the book is ideal for academic and industrial researchers concerned with machinery and controls, manufacturing, and controls. · Introduces new concepts for understanding and modeling complex systems; · Explains risk reduction management in complex systems; · Examines the symmetry group approach to understanding complex systems; · Illustrates the relation between transient chaos and crises.

Modelling Estimation and Control of Networked Complex Systems

Modelling  Estimation and Control of Networked Complex Systems Book
Author : Alessandro Chiuso,Luigi Fortuna,Mattia Frasca,Alessandro Rizzo,Luca Schenato,Sandro Zampieri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2009-10-13
ISBN : 3642031994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The paradigm of complexity is pervading both science and engineering, le- ing to the emergence of novel approaches oriented at the development of a systemic view of the phenomena under study; the de?nition of powerful tools for modelling, estimation, and control; and the cross-fertilization of di?erent disciplines and approaches. One of the most promising paradigms to cope with complexity is that of networked systems. Complex, dynamical networks are powerful tools to model, estimate, and control many interesting phenomena, like agent coordination, synch- nization, social and economics events, networks of critical infrastructures, resourcesallocation,informationprocessing,controlovercommunicationn- works, etc. Advances in this ?eld are highlighting approaches that are more and more oftenbasedondynamicalandtime-varyingnetworks,i.e.networksconsisting of dynamical nodes with links that can change over time. Moreover, recent technological advances in wireless communication and decreasing cost and size of electronic devices are promoting the appearance of large inexpensive interconnected systems, each with computational, sensing and mobile ca- bilities. This is fostering the development of many engineering applications, which exploit the availability of these systems of systems to monitor and control very large-scale phenomena with ?ne resolution.

Fault Diagnosis of Hybrid Dynamic and Complex Systems

Fault Diagnosis of Hybrid Dynamic and Complex Systems Book
Author : Moamar Sayed-Mouchaweh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-03-27
ISBN : 3319740148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Online fault diagnosis is crucial to ensure safe operation of complex dynamic systems in spite of faults affecting the system behaviors. Consequences of the occurrence of faults can be severe and result in human casualties, environmentally harmful emissions, high repair costs, and economical losses caused by unexpected stops in production lines. The majority of real systems are hybrid dynamic systems (HDS). In HDS, the dynamical behaviors evolve continuously with time according to the discrete mode (configuration) in which the system is. Consequently, fault diagnosis approaches must take into account both discrete and continuous dynamics as well as the interactions between them in order to perform correct fault diagnosis. This book presents recent and advanced approaches and techniques that address the complex problem of fault diagnosis of hybrid dynamic and complex systems using different model-based and data-driven approaches in different application domains (inductor motors, chemical process formed by tanks, reactors and valves, ignition engine, sewer networks, mobile robots, planetary rover prototype etc.). These approaches cover the different aspects of performing single/multiple online/offline parametric/discrete abrupt/tear and wear fault diagnosis in incremental/non-incremental manner, using different modeling tools (hybrid automata, hybrid Petri nets, hybrid bond graphs, extended Kalman filter etc.) for different classes of hybrid dynamic and complex systems.

Complex Systems

Complex Systems Book
Author : Albert C. J. Luo,Jian-Qiao Sun
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-01
ISBN : 3642175937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Complex Systems: Fractionality, Time-delay and Synchronization" covers the most recent developments and advances in the theory and application of complex systems in these areas. Each chapter was written by scientists highly active in the field of complex systems. The book discusses a new treatise on fractional dynamics and control, as well as the new methods for differential delay systems and control. Lastly, a theoretical framework for the complexity and synchronization of complex system is presented. The book is intended for researchers in the field of nonlinear dynamics in mathematics, physics and engineering. It can also serve as a reference book for graduate students in physics, applied mathematics and engineering. Dr. Albert C.J. Luo is a Professor at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, USA. Dr. Jian-Qiao Sun is a Professor at the University of California, Merced, USA.

Chaotic Fractional and Complex Dynamics New Insights and Perspectives

Chaotic  Fractional  and Complex Dynamics  New Insights and Perspectives Book
Author : Mark Edelman,Elbert E. N. Macau,Miguel A. F. Sanjuan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 3319681095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents nonlinear, chaotic and fractional dynamics, complex systems and networks, together with cutting-edge research on related topics. The fifteen chapters – written by leading scientists working in the areas of nonlinear, chaotic, and fractional dynamics, as well as complex systems and networks – offer an extensive overview of cutting-edge research on a range of topics, including fundamental and applied research. These include but are not limited to, aspects of synchronization in complex dynamical systems, universality features in systems with specific fractional dynamics, and chaotic scattering. As such, the book provides an excellent and timely snapshot of the current state of research, blending the insights and experiences of many prominent researchers.

Synchronization in Complex Networks of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems

Synchronization in Complex Networks of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems Book
Author : Chai Wah Wu
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9812709746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together two emerging research areas: synchronization in coupled nonlinear systems and complex networks, and study conditions under which a complex network of dynamical systems synchronizes. While there are many texts that study synchronization in chaotic systems or properties of complex networks, there are few texts that consider the intersection of these two very active and interdisciplinary research areas. The main theme of this book is that synchronization conditions can be related to graph theoretical properties of the underlying coupling topology. The book introduces ideas from systems theory, linear algebra and graph theory and the synergy between them that are necessary to derive synchronization conditions. Many of the results, which have been obtained fairly recently and have until now not appeared in textbook form, are presented with complete proofs. This text is suitable for graduate-level study or for researchers who would like to be better acquainted with the latest research in this area. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Introduction (76 KB). Contents: Graphs, Networks, Laplacian Matrices and Algebraic Connectivity; Graph Models; Synchronization in Networks of Nonlinear Continuous-Time Dynamical Systems; Synchronization in Networks of Coupled Discrete-Time Systems; Synchronization in Network of Systems with Linear Dynamics; Agreement and Consensus Problems in Groups of Interacting Agents. Readership: Graduate students and researchers in physics, applied mathematics and engineering.

                                                 Book
Author : Albert C. J. Luo,孙建桥
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9787040297102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download book written by Albert C. J. Luo,孙建桥, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Coupled Phase locked Loops Stability Synchronization Chaos And Communication With Chaos

Coupled Phase locked Loops  Stability  Synchronization  Chaos And Communication With Chaos Book
Author : Matrosov Valery V,Shalfeev V D
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2018-08-29
ISBN : 9813271965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern technological, biological, and socioeconomic systems are extremely complex. The study of such systems largely relies on the concepts of competition and cooperation (synchronization). The main approaches to the study of nonlinear dynamics of complex systems are now associated with models of collective dynamics of networks and ensembles, formed by interacting dynamical elements.Unfortunately, the applicability of analytical and qualitative methods of nonlinear dynamics to such complex systems is severely restricted due to the high dimension of phase space. Therefore, studying the simplest models of networks, which are ensembles with a small number of elements, becomes of particular interest. Such models allow to make use of the entire spectrum of analytical, qualitative, and numerical methods of nonlinear dynamics. This book is devoted to the investigation of a kind of such systems, namely small ensembles of coupled, phase-controlled oscillators. Both traditional issues, like synchronization, that are relevant for applications in radio-communications, radio-location, energy, etc., and nontraditional issues of excitation of chaotic oscillations and their possible application in advanced communication systems are addressed.

Selforganization in Complex Systems The Past Present and Future of Synergetics

Selforganization in Complex Systems  The Past  Present  and Future of Synergetics Book
Author : Günter Wunner,Axel Pelster
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-26
ISBN : 3319276352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This proceedings volume contains talks and poster presentations from the International Symposium "Self-Organization in Complex Systems: The Past, Present, and Future of Synergetics", which took place at Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg, an Institute of Advanced Studies, in Delmenhorst, Germany, during the period November 13 - 16, 2012. The Symposium was organized in honour of Hermann Haken, who celebrated his 85th birthday in 2012. With his fundamental theory of Synergetics he had laid the mathematical-physical basis for describing and analyzing self-organization processes in a diversity of fields of research. The quest for common and universal principles of self-organization in complex systems was clearly covered by the wide range of interdisciplinary topics reported during the Symposium. These extended from complexity in classical systems and quantum systems over self-organisation in neuroscience even to the physics of finance. Moreover, by combining a historical view with a present status report the Symposium conveyed an impression of the allure and potency of this branch of research as well as its applicability in the future.

Emergence of Dynamical Order

Emergence of Dynamical Order Book
Author : Susanna C Manrubia,Alexander S Mikhailov,Damián H Zanette
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2004-04-14
ISBN : 9814482951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

' Synchronization processes bring about dynamical order and lead to spontaneous development of structural organization in complex systems of various origins, from chemical oscillators and biological cells to human societies and the brain. This book provides a review and a detailed theoretical analysis of synchronization phenomena in complex systems with different architectures, composed of elements with periodic or chaotic individual dynamics. Special attention is paid to statistical concepts, such as nonequilibrium phase transitions, order parameters and dynamical glasses. Contents:Synchronization and Clustering of Periodic Oscillators:Ensembles of Identical Phase OscillatorsHeterogeneous Ensembles and the Effects of NoiseOscillator NetworksArrays of Limit-Cycle OscillatorsSynchronization and Clustering in Chaotic Systems:Chaos and SynchronizationSynchronization in Populations of Chaotic ElementsClusteringDynamical GlassesSelected Applications:Chemical SystemsBiological CellsNeural Networks Readership: Graduate students and academics interested in complex systems. Keywords:Self-Organization;Nonlinear Dynamics;Chaos;Collective Synchronization;Dynamical Clustering;Hierarchical OrderReviews:“This book makes an additional contribution to the topic paying special attention to statistical concepts, such as nonequilibrium phase transitions, order parameters and dynamical glasses. Another distinguishing feature of the book is that it includes applications in chemistry, cell biology, and brain science.”Zentralblatt MATH '

Complex Systems Approach to Economic Dynamics

Complex Systems Approach to Economic Dynamics Book
Author : Abraham C.-L. Chian
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-17
ISBN : 3540397531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Statistical analysis of stock markets and foreign exchange markets has demonstrated the intermittent nature of economic time series. A nonlinear model of business cycles is able to simulate intermittency arising from order-chaos and chaos-chaos transitions. This monograph introduces new concepts of unstable periodic orbits and chaotic saddles, which are unstable structures embedded in a chaotic attractor and responsible for economic intermittency.

Synchronization

Synchronization Book
Author : Stefano Boccaletti,Alexander N. Pisarchik,Charo I. del Genio,Andreas Amann
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-03-29
ISBN : 1108651305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A modern introduction to synchronization phenomena, this text presents recent discoveries and the current state of research in the field, from low-dimensional systems to complex networks. The book describes some of the main mechanisms of collective behaviour in dynamical systems, including simple coupled systems, chaotic systems, and systems of infinite-dimension. After introducing the reader to the basic concepts of nonlinear dynamics, the book explores the main synchronized states of coupled systems and describes the influence of noise and the occurrence of synchronous motion in multistable and spatially-extended systems. Finally, the authors discuss the underlying principles of collective dynamics on complex networks, providing an understanding of how networked systems are able to function as a whole in order to process information, perform coordinated tasks, and respond collectively to external perturbations. The demonstrations, numerous illustrations and application examples will help advanced graduate students and researchers gain an organic and complete understanding of the subject.

Nonlinear Dynamics and Entropy of Complex Systems with Hidden and Self excited Attractors

Nonlinear Dynamics and Entropy of Complex Systems with Hidden and Self excited Attractors Book
Author : Christos Volos,Sajad Jafari,Jacques Kengne,Jesus M. Munoz-Pacheco,Karthikeyan Rajagopal
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 3038978981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, entropy has been used as a measure of the degree of chaos in dynamical systems. Thus, it is important to study entropy in nonlinear systems. Moreover, there has been increasing interest in the last few years regarding the novel classification of nonlinear dynamical systems including two kinds of attractors: self-excited attractors and hidden attractors. The localization of self-excited attractors by applying a standard computational procedure is straightforward. In systems with hidden attractors, however, a specific computational procedure must be developed, since equilibrium points do not help in the localization of hidden attractors. Some examples of this kind of system are chaotic dynamical systems with no equilibrium points; with only stable equilibria, curves of equilibria, and surfaces of equilibria; and with non-hyperbolic equilibria. There is evidence that hidden attractors play a vital role in various fields ranging from phase-locked loops, oscillators, describing convective fluid motion, drilling systems, information theory, cryptography, and multilevel DC/DC converters. This Special Issue is a collection of the latest scientific trends on the advanced topics of dynamics, entropy, fractional order calculus, and applications in complex systems with self-excited attractors and hidden attractors.