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The Social Ecology Of Infectious Diseases

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The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases

The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Kenneth H. Mayer,H.F. Pizer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-04-28
ISBN : 9780080557144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases explores how human activities enable microbes to disseminate and evolve, thereby creating favorable conditions for the diverse manifestations of communicable diseases. Today, infectious and parasitic diseases cause about one-third of deaths and are the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The speed that changes in human behavior can produce epidemics is well illustrated by AIDS, but this is only one of numerous microbial threats whose severity and spread are determined by human behaviors. In this book, forty experts in the fields of infectious diseases, the life sciences and public health explore how demography, geography, migration, travel, environmental change, natural disaster, sexual behavior, drug use, food production and distribution, medical technology, training and preparedness, as well as governance, human conflict and social dislocation influence current and likely future epidemics. Provides essential understanding of current and future epidemics Presents a crossover perspective for disciplines in the medical and social sciences and public policy, including public health, infectious diseases, population science, epidemiology, microbiology, food safety, defense preparedness and humanitarian relief Creates a new perspective on ecology based on the interaction of microbes and human activities

Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases

Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Neil A. Croll,John H Cross
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-09-03
ISBN : 1483267938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases investigates the interrelationships among human behavior, ecology, and infectious diseases, with emphasis on parasitic and zoonotic diseases. The cultural, behavioral, anthropological, and social factors in the transmission of infectious diseases are discussed, along with methods used to make human ecology a more quantitative predictive science in the global challenge of such diseases. Behavioral patterns that place humans at risk to infections and the nature of risk factors are also analyzed. Comprised of 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of some of the research into those aspects of human behavior that determine risk of helminth infection. The discussion then turns to studies on hookworm and includes an analysis of human behavior and religions that affect transmission of the parasitoses. Human behavior and transmission of zoonotic diseases in North America and Malaysia are documented as are the habits, customs, and superstitions associated with the epidemic of intestinal capillariasis that occurred in the Philippines. Filarial diseases in Southeast Asia are also reviewed, along with the changing patterns of parasitic infections and the cooperation of government and the private sector to lower infection rates in Japan. Cases from Nigeria and Brazil are considered as well. The volume concludes with an assessment of the importance of behavioral and socialcultural factors in determining regional and national patterns in disease incidence and transmission. This monograph should be valuable to students of tropical diseases and public health and to physicians, epidemiologists, anthropologists, veterinarians, and parasitologists.

Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World

Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2010-03-10
ISBN : 9780309151979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern transportation allows people, animals, and plants--and the pathogens they carry--to travel more easily than ever before. The ease and speed of travel, tourism, and international trade connect once-remote areas with one another, eliminating many of the geographic and cultural barriers that once limited the spread of disease. Because of our global interconnectedness through transportation, tourism and trade, infectious diseases emerge more frequently; spread greater distances; pass more easily between humans and animals; and evolve into new and more virulent strains. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted the workshop "Globalization, Movement of Pathogens (and Their Hosts) and the Revised International Health Regulations" December 16-17, 2008 in order to explore issues related to infectious disease spread in a "borderless" world. Participants discussed the global emergence, establishment, and surveillance of infectious diseases; the complex relationship between travel, trade, tourism, and the spread of infectious diseases; national and international policies for mitigating disease movement locally and globally; and obstacles and opportunities for detecting and containing these potentially wide-reaching and devastating diseases. This document summarizes the workshop.

Health and Ethnicity

Health and Ethnicity Book
Author : Helen Macbeth,Prakash Shetty
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-11-23
ISBN : 9780415241670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is becoming increasingly apparent that certain diseases occur at higher frequencies in different ethnic groups (e.g. Afro-Carribeans and sickle-cell anaemia). The causes for such differences are only just being investigated and the factors involved are clearly both genetic and non-genetic. The biological complexity lies in the interaction of genetic variation and lifestyle differences. Cultural differences range from diet to traditional remedies, from religious beliefs to marriage patterns and much more. This multidisciplinary volume discusses these factors, with contributions from geneticists, medics, anthropologists, epidemiologists and social scientists. Anyone considering variation in health experience due to ethnic factors would be enriched by reading the different perspectives presented in this volume.

Medical Research Council annual report and accounts 2010 11

Medical Research Council annual report and accounts 2010 11 Book
Author : Medical Research Council
Publisher : The Stationery Office
Release : 2012-04-16
ISBN : 9780102974973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Medical Research Council is a publicly-funded organisation dedicated to improving human health. It supports research across the entire spectrum of medical sciences, in universities and hospitals, in its own units and institutes in the UK and in Africa. The MRC works closely with key stakeholders and research funders - UK health departments, other departments and agencies, the six sister research councils, industry, and the academic and charity sectors - giving a high priority to research that is likely to make a real difference to clinical practice and the health of the population. This annual report describes progress in 2008-09, highlights key awards and partnerships, and outlines plans for the future.

Infectious Diseases in Primates

Infectious Diseases in Primates Book
Author : Charles Nunn,Sonia M. Altizer
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2006-04-27
ISBN : 0198565844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1. Questions, Terminology, and Underlying Principles2. Diversity and Characteristics of Primate Parasites3. Primate Socioecology and Disease Risk- Predictions and Rationale4. Host-Parasite Dynamics and Epidemiological Principles5. Host Defenses- The Immune System and Behavioral Counterstrategies6. Infectious Disease and Primate Social Systems7. Parasites and Primate Conservation8. From Nonhuman Primates to Human Health and Evolution9. Concluding Remarks and Future Directions

Social Bioarchaeology

Social Bioarchaeology Book
Author : Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-21
ISBN : 9781444390520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

Research Priorities for the Environment Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty

Research Priorities for the Environment  Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty Book
Author : TDR Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty,World Health Organization
Publisher :
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9789241209762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Thematic Reference Group on Environment, Agriculture and Infectious Diseases of Poverty (TRG 4) addresses the nature of the intersections and interactions between environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty in order to identify research priorities for improved disease control. This report reviews the connections between environmental change, modern agricultural practices and the occurrence of infectious diseases--especially those of poverty--and proposes a methodology that can be used to prioritize research on such diseases. Although there is some comprehension of the underlying and growing systemic influence of today s large-scale social and environmental changes on some infectious diseases, the significance and potential future impacts of these changes are poorly understood. Nevertheless, such changes now constitute a significant influence on the working of the Earth's systems that will have increasing consequences for patterns of occurrence of infectious diseases. Many of these changes are illustrated in this report. A common theme of this report is bidirectional causation, effectively "trapping" complex, linked eco-social systems in stable states that are resistant to intervention. For example, poverty is associated with ill health, low education and often with poor diets, either because of under-nutrition (and diarrhoea) or intakes that have excessive calories but insufficient micronutrients. In either case, poverty impairs health; and ill health impairs the escape from poverty. Another example is provided by a recent abundant agricultural harvest in India that has far exceeded storage capacity. A substantial fraction of this harvest will be wasted due to inadequate storage. Some grain that is badly stored will be contaminated by aflatoxins and other fungi, which increases the risk of cancer. This report presents the case for a more integrated approach across sectors, research disciplines and diseases, taking greater account of the increasingly widespread and systemic influences on disease emergence and spread.

Social Ecological Resilience and Law

Social Ecological Resilience and Law Book
Author : Ahjond S. Garmestani,Craig R. Allen
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2014-02-25
ISBN : 0231536356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental law envisions ecological systems as existing in an equilibrium state, reinforcing a rigid legal framework unable to absorb rapid environmental changes and innovations in sustainability. For the past four decades, "resilience theory," which embraces uncertainty and nonlinear dynamics in complex adaptive systems, has provided a robust, invaluable foundation for sound environmental management. Reforming American law to incorporate this knowledge is the key to sustainability. This volume features top legal and resilience scholars speaking on resilience theory and its legal applications to climate change, biodiversity, national parks, and water law.

Social Ecology

Social Ecology Book
Author : Mary A. Vance
Publisher :
Release : 1987
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Public Health and Infectious Diseases

Public Health and Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Jeffrey Griffiths,James H. Maguire,Kristian Heggenhougen,Stella R. Quah
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-03-09
ISBN : 012381507X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging infectious diseases may be defined as diseases being caused by pathogens only recently recognized to exist. This group of diseases is important globally, and the experience of the last 30 years suggests that new emerging diseases are likely to bedevil us. As the global climate changes, so changes the environment, which can support not only the pathogens, but also their vectors of transmission. This expands the exposure and effects of infectious disease and, therefore, the importance of widespread understanding of the relationship between public health and infectious disease. This work brings together chapters that explain reasons for the emergence of these infectious diseases. These include the ecological context of human interactions with other humans, with animals that may host human pathogens, and with a changing agricultural and industrial environment, increasing resistance to antimicrobials, the ubiquity of global travel, and international commerce. * Features the latest discoveries related to influenza with a newly published article by Davidson Hamer and Jean van Seventer * Provides a listing of rare diseases that have become resurgent or spread their geographic distribution and are re-emergent * Highlights dengue and malaria, as well as agents such as West Nile and other arboviruses that have spread to new continents causing widespread concerns * Includes discussions of climate influencing the spread of infectious disease and political and societal aspects

Primate Parasite Ecology

Primate Parasite Ecology Book
Author : Michael A. Huffman,Colin A. Chapman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-06-25
ISBN : 9781108829403
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anyone who has spent an extended period in the tropics has an idea, through caring for others or first-hand experience, just what it is like to be a primate parasite host. Monkeys and apes often share parasites with humans, for example the HIV viruses which evolved from related viruses of chimpanzees and sooty mangabeys, and so understanding the ecology of infectious diseases in non-human primates is of paramount importance. Furthermore, there is accumulating evidence that environmental change may promote contact between humans and non-human primates and increase the possibility of sharing infectious disease. Written for academic researchers, this book addresses these issues and provides up-to-date information on the methods of study, natural history and ecology/theory of the exciting field of primate parasite ecology.

Population Mobility and Infectious Disease

Population Mobility and Infectious Disease Book
Author : Yorghos Apostolopoulos,Sevil Sonmez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-06
ISBN : 0387497110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the complex roles of mobile, transient, and displaced populations in the worldwide spread of disease. While biomedical events cause disease, social forces such as poverty and marginalization magnify them by giving them opportunities to take hold. From Katrina to Darfur, and from influenza to AIDS, an expert panel of health and social scientists brings the social context of epidemics into clear focus.

Estuarine Ecology

Estuarine Ecology Book
Author : John W. Day, Jr.,W. Michael Kemp,Alejandro Yáñez-Arancibia,Byron C. Crump
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-09-19
ISBN : 1118391918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Estuaries are among the most biologically productive ecosystems on the planet--critical to the life cycles of fish, other aquatic animals, and the creatures which feed on them. Estuarine Ecology, Second Edition, covers the physical and chemical aspects of estuaries, the biology and ecology of key organisms, the flow of organic matter through estuaries, and human interactions, such as the environmental impact of fisheries on estuaries and the effects of global climate change on these important ecosystems. Authored by a team of world experts from the estuarine science community, this long-awaited, full-color edition includes new chapters covering phytoplankton, seagrasses, coastal marshes, mangroves, benthic algae, Integrated Coastal Zone Management techniques, and the effects of global climate change. It also features an entriely new section on estuarine ecosystem processes, trophic webs, ecosystem metabolism, and the interactions between estuaries and other ecosystems such as wetlands and marshes

Infectious Disease Ecology

Infectious Disease Ecology Book
Author : Richard S. Ostfeld,Felicia Keesing,Valerie T. Eviner
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2010-12-16
ISBN : 140083788X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

News headlines are forever reporting diseases that take huge tolls on humans, wildlife, domestic animals, and both cultivated and native plants worldwide. These diseases can also completely transform the ecosystems that feed us and provide us with other critical benefits, from flood control to water purification. And yet diseases sometimes serve to maintain the structure and function of the ecosystems on which humans depend. Gathering thirteen essays by forty leading experts who convened at the Cary Conference at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in 2005, this book develops an integrated framework for understanding where these diseases come from, what ecological factors influence their impacts, and how they in turn influence ecosystem dynamics. It marks the first comprehensive and in-depth exploration of the rich and complex linkages between ecology and disease, and provides conceptual underpinnings to understand and ameliorate epidemics. It also sheds light on the roles that diseases play in ecosystems, bringing vital new insights to landscape management issues in particular. While the ecological context is a key piece of the puzzle, effective control and understanding of diseases requires the interaction of professionals in medicine, epidemiology, veterinary medicine, forestry, agriculture, and ecology. The essential resource on the subject, Infectious Disease Ecology seeks to bridge these fields with an ecological approach that focuses on systems thinking and complex interactions.

Anthropology of Infectious Disease

Anthropology of Infectious Disease Book
Author : Merrill Singer
Publisher : Left Coast Press
Release : 2014-11-15
ISBN : 1629580449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book synthesizes the flourishing field of anthropology of infectious disease in a critical, biocultural framework, advancing research in this multifaceted area and offering an ideal supplemental text.

Tropical Diseases An Issue of Infectious Disease Clinics E Book

Tropical Diseases  An Issue of Infectious Disease Clinics   E Book Book
Author : Alimuddin Zumla,Jennifer Keiser
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-06-11
ISBN : 1455744107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tropical diseases pose an increasing problem for US and international travellers who travel to tropical regions. Physicians need to be aware of the wide spectrum of tropical, infectious, and parasitic diseases that patients may be exposed to. This issue of Infectious Disease Clinics includes articles written by global experts and includes topics such as range/classification of tropical diseases, venomous bites and stings, malaria, and bacterial gastrointestinal infections.

Plagues and Epidemics

Plagues and Epidemics Book
Author : D. Ann Herring,Alan C. Swedlund
Publisher : Berg
Release : 2010-04-01
ISBN : 1847887554
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Until recently, plagues were thought to belong in the ancient past. Now there are deep worries about global pandemics. This book presents views from anthropology about this much publicized and complex problem. The authors take us to places where epidemics are erupting, waning, or gone, and to other places where they have not yet arrived, but where a frightening story line is already in place. They explore public health bureaucracies and political arenas where the power lies to make decisions about what is, and is not, an epidemic. They look back into global history to uncover disease trends and look ahead to a future of expanding plagues within the context of climate change. The chapters are written from a range of perspectives, from the science of modeling epidemics to the social science of understanding them. Patterns emerge when people are engulfed by diseases labeled as epidemics but which have the hallmarks of plague. There are cycles of shame and blame, stigma, isolation of the sick, fear of contagion, and end-of-the-world scenarios. Plague, it would seem, is still among us.