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The Scientific Foundation Of Neuropsychological Assessment

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The Scientific Foundation of Neuropsychological Assessment

The Scientific Foundation of Neuropsychological Assessment Book
Author : Elbert Russell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-12-08
ISBN : 0123914396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuropsychology is a specialized branch of psychology which focuses on the relationship between the brain and human functions including cognition, behaviour, and emotion. With an emphasis on a scientific approach which includes analysing quantitative data, neuropsychology follows an information processing approach to brain activity using standard assessments to evaluate various mental functions. This book examines the standardized battery of tests in neuropsychology, with a particular focus on forensic applications of these tests, suggesting that a united theory of assessment needs to be established. Bringing together multiple articles related to forensic neuropsychology, this book offers an exploration of the neurological and psychometric theoretical basis for standardized batteries as well as a comparison between flexible and standardized batteries. Ultimately, it is argued that a standardized battery of tests need to be used and explains the justification for the reliability of this approach, especially in relation to expert witness testimony. While doing this, formal procedures, including advanced mathematical procedures such as formulas and decision tree algorithms, are presented to be utilized in assessments. With its thorough examination of the theoretical and practical applications of a standardized battery in neuropsychological assessment, this book will prove helpful to clinical practitioners and attorneys using assessment for their cases. Provides a unified theoretical basis for a standardized neuropsychological assessment battery Shows the justification for using neuropsychological assessment in forensic applications Offers practical examples which can be used to create a standardized assessment battery

Neuropsychology of Everyday Functioning Second Edition

Neuropsychology of Everyday Functioning  Second Edition Book
Author : Thomas D. Marcotte,Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe,Igor Grant
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release : 2022-01-18
ISBN : 1462548903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The go-to resource for assessing and predicting functional abilities in persons with brain injury or cognitive decline has now been revised and expanded to reflect significant advances in the field. With a focus on key real-world capacities--independent living, vocational functioning, medication management, and driving--leading experts explore how individuals go about their daily lives, where and why disruptions occur, and potential opportunities for improving function. Strategies for direct assessment are reviewed, from standard neuropsychological tests to multimodal approaches and technology-based tools. Chapters also provide functional assessment guidance for specific neurological and psychiatric conditions: dementia, traumatic brain injury, depression, schizophrenia, and others. New to This Edition *Incorporates over a decade of technological and methodological innovations. *Chapter on theories and models of everyday functioning. *Chapters on naturalistic assessment, wearable sensors, ambulatory assessment, and virtual-reality-based tools. *Practical clinical implications are highlighted throughout.

Cross Cultural Neuropsychological Assessment

Cross Cultural Neuropsychological Assessment Book
Author : Victor Nell
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1999-11-01
ISBN : 1135666210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a book for all neuropsychologists who are called upon to assess culturally different clients--with very few exceptions today, this means every neuropsychologist. In Minneapolis as in Oslo, migrant and refugee minorities raise assessment and test validity problems that cannot be ignored. To deal realistically with the problem of doing neuropsychological assessments without norms, Nell describes the principles of a "behavioral neuropsychology," and then sets out interview, test, and interpretation methods that will allow clinicians to produce valid and prognostically accurate assessments. For working neuropsychologists, this is an intensely practical, how-to-do-it book. But unlike other hands-on guides, it lays an impressive historical and theoretical foundation for the practice of cross-cultural neuropsychology. It thus speaks to serious practitioners who need to be certain that their assessment findings are not only correct, but also sufficiently well-grounded to stand up to professional scrutiny and to forensic testing in a court of law.

Clinical Neuropsychology

Clinical Neuropsychology Book
Author : Peter J. Snyder,Paul David Nussbaum,Diana L. Robins
Publisher : Amer Psychological Assn
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Neuropsychologists consult in diverse health care settings, such as emergency care, oncology, infectious disease, cardiology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. A pocket reference is a critical resource for interns, postdoctoral fellows, and practicing clinicians alike. With over 100 quick-reference tables, lists, diagrams, photos, and decision trees, this handbook offers guidance through the complicated work of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. This new edition of Clinical Neuropsychology builds on the success of the best-selling first edition by adding information on how to use and interpret cutting-edge neuroimaging technologies and how to integrate pharmacological approaches into treatment. The reader will also find new chapters on neuro-oncology, schizophrenia, late-life depression, and adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder"--Cover.

Psychological Testing in the Service of Disability Determination

Psychological Testing in the Service of Disability Determination Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Psychological Testing, Including Validity Testing, for Social Security Administration Disability Determinations
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2015-06-29
ISBN : 0309370930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The United States Social Security Administration (SSA) administers two disability programs: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), for disabled individuals, and their dependent family members, who have worked and contributed to the Social Security trust funds, and Supplemental Security Income (SSSI), which is a means-tested program based on income and financial assets for adults aged 65 years or older and disabled adults and children. Both programs require that claimants have a disability and meet specific medical criteria in order to qualify for benefits. SSA establishes the presence of a medically-determined impairment in individuals with mental disorders other than intellectual disability through the use of standard diagnostic criteria, which include symptoms and signs. These impairments are established largely on reports of signs and symptoms of impairment and functional limitation. Psychological Testing in the Service of Disability Determination considers the use of psychological tests in evaluating disability claims submitted to the SSA. This report critically reviews selected psychological tests, including symptom validity tests, that could contribute to SSA disability determinations. The report discusses the possible uses of such tests and their contribution to disability determinations. Psychological Testing in the Service of Disability Determination discusses testing norms, qualifications for administration of tests, administration of tests, and reporting results. The recommendations of this report will help SSA improve the consistency and accuracy of disability determination in certain cases.

Neuropsychological Assessment

Neuropsychological Assessment Book
Author : Muriel Deutsch Lezak,Associate Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry Muriel D Lezak
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant new insights and research findings about brain-behavior relationships, neurological disorders, neurodiagnostic issues, and neuropsychological assessment procedures are incorporated into the third edition of Neuropsychological Assessment. Preliminary chapters present the principles necessary for a patient-oriented, personalized, hypothesis-testing approach to neuropsychological assessment. The subsequent chapters contain nearly all of the tests and assessment techniques covered in the previous editions plus many additional ones, including newly developed neuropsychological tests, tests from other branches of psychology, research techniques that have only recently been introduced into clinical neuropsychology, tests originating in Europe and elsewhere, and a few measures as yet untried by neuropsychologists. In a reorganization designed to meet current thinking and assessment procedures, tests originally offered in prepackaged batteries are now presented within their appropriate functional domains. For example, individual memory tests -- whether developed singly or for use in a commercial battery -- are discussed in the chapter on memory tests, while a new chapter deals with memory batteries, questionnaires, and inventories. A separate chapter reviews prepackaged and commercial test batteries used for general-purpose neuropsychological assessment, but the individual tests from these batteries are treated elsewhere according to the salient functions they examine. Following chapters on observational measurement techniques and on measures of personality and emotional status, the concluding chapter presents an array of techniques that have been used to identify motivational problems and malingering.

Neuropsychological Assessment in the Age of Evidence based Practice

Neuropsychological Assessment in the Age of Evidence based Practice Book
Author : Stephen C. Bowden
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0190464712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evidence-based practice has become the benchmark for quality in healthcare and builds on rules of evidence that have been developed in psychology and other health-care disciplines over many decades. This volume aims to provide clinical neuropsychologists with a practical and approachable reference for skills in evidence-based practice to improve the scientific status of patient care. The core skills involve techniques in critical appraisal of published diagnostic-validity or treatment studies. Critical appraisal skills assist any clinician to evaluate the scientific status of any published study, to identify the patient-relevance of studies with good scientific status, and to calculate individual patient-probability estimates of diagnosis or treatment outcome to guide practice. Initial chapters in this volume review fundamental concepts of construct validity relevant to the assessment of psychopathology and cognitive abilities in neuropsychological populations. These chapters also summarize exciting contemporary development in the theories of personality and psychopathology, and cognitive ability, showing a convergence of theoretical and clinical research to guide clinical practice. Conceptual skills in interpreting construct validity of neuropsychological tests are described in detail in this volume. In addition, a non-mathematical description of the concepts of test score reliability and the neglected topic of interval estimation for individual assessment is provided. As an extension of the concepts of reliability, reliable change indexes are reviewed and the implication of impact on evidence-based practice of test scores reliability and reliable change are described to guide clinicians in their interpretation of test results on single or repeated assessments. Written by some of the foremost experts in the field of clinical neuropsychology and with practical and concrete examples throughout, this volume shows how evidence-based practice is enhanced by reference to good theory, strong construct validity, and better test score reliability.

Geriatric Neuropsychology

Geriatric Neuropsychology Book
Author : Deborah K. Attix,Kathleen A. Welsh-Bohmer
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release : 2013-10-15
ISBN : 146251457X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This major clinical reference and text is the first volume to systematically address the entire process of neuropsychological assessment and intervention with older adults. The expert editors and contributors detail the current state of knowledge about frequently encountered conditions ranging from mild cognitive impairment to progressive, stable, and reversible dementias. Evidence-based assessment and intervention strategies are described, and specific guidance is provided for linking neuropsychological evaluation to individualized treatment planning. Demonstrating an array of cognitive training, compensatory, and psychotherapeutic approaches, the volume shows how these can successfully be used to improve patients' functioning and quality of life.

Secondary Influences on Neuropsychological Test Performance

Secondary Influences on Neuropsychological Test Performance Book
Author : Peter Arnett
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-01-10
ISBN : 0199838615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This exciting new, evidence-based book provides clinicians with a single source for considering the impact of secondary factors on cognitive dysfunction in neurological patients. The influence on testing of depression, anxiety, fatigue, pain, diagnosis threat, and symptom invalidity are all considered in the context of particular neurological disorders.

Minority and Cross Cultural Aspects of Neuropsychological Assessment

Minority and Cross Cultural Aspects of Neuropsychological Assessment Book
Author : F. Richard Ferraro
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2015-07-16
ISBN : 1317483634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Minority and cross-cultural psychology is more relevant now than ever in our diverse world. Given the dramatic local and global changes occurring daily with regard to demographics, population changes, and immigration issues, minority and cross-cultural psychology is fast becoming a respected and critical area of scientific study. Pair that with the fact that people of all cultures and racial groups are living longer and experiencing age-related diseases and disorders, one can easily see the need for additional work on issues related to neuropsychological assessment. This new edition brings to the forefront recent developments by seasoned experts in the field. They offer up their newest projects in minority and cross-cultural aspects of neuropsychological assessment and are joined by new, up-and-coming professionals across a wide array of disciplines including psychology, medicine, and neuropsychology. Like the first edition, this updated collection sheds light on the ever-growing need for adequate neuropsychological assessment to a wider subset of individuals, crossing many cultural and minority barriers in the process. Continuously pushing the boundaries of neuropsychological assessment, this collection is essential reading for cognitive and clinical psychologists, and neuropsychologists, and a model text for advanced courses dealing with minority and cross-cultural issues.

Comprehensive Handbook of Multicultural School Psychology

Comprehensive Handbook of Multicultural School Psychology Book
Author : Craig Frisby,Cecil R. Reynolds
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 2005-08-26
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This new resource is the first text of its kind to examine the pervasive influence of culture on all aspects of school psychology, including child development, psychometrics, and interventions." "Featuring contributions from the world's leading scholars in this area, this definitive resource is required reading for all current and future school psychologists, as well as counselors, teachers, and administrators working in school settings."--Jacket.

Handbook of Multicultural Assessment

Handbook of Multicultural Assessment Book
Author : Lisa A. Suzuki,Joseph G. Ponterotto
Publisher : Jossey-Bass
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Multicultural Assessment offers the most comprehensive text on testing of racial and ethnic minorities in the United States. This thoroughly revised and updated edition includes the most current and state-of-the-art assessment information in a variety of psychological and educational domains. The book highlights new and innovative testing practices and expands the populations of interest to include recent immigrants and refugees. It also includes ways to overcome barriers in the assessment process as well as forensic assessment. This important resource offers an instructional text for conducting culturally competent psychological assessment for clinicians, educators, and researchers.

A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests

A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests Book
Author : Esther Strauss,Elisabeth M. S. Sherman,Otfried Spreen
Publisher : American Chemical Society
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0195159578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed to serve as a guidebook that provides a comprehensive overview of the essential aspects of neuropsychological assessment practice. Also intended as a comprehensive sourcebook of critical reviews of major neuropsychological assessment tools for the use by practicing clinicians and researchers. Written in a comprehensive, easy-to-read reference format, and based on exhaustive review of research literature in neuropsychology, neurology, psychology, and related disciplines, the book covers topics such as basic aspects of neuropsychological assessment as well as the theoretical background, norms, and the utility, reliability, and validity of neuropsychological tests.

Clinician s Guide To Neuropsychological Assessment

Clinician s Guide To Neuropsychological Assessment Book
Author : Rodney D. Vanderploeg
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2014-04-04
ISBN : 1135655855
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuropsychological assessment is a difficult and complicated process. Often, experienced clinicians as well as trainees and students gloss over fundamental problems or fail to consider potential sources of error. Since formal test data on the surface appear unambiguous and objective, they may fall into the habit of overemphasizing tests and their scores and underemphasizing all the factors that affect the validity, reliability, and interpretability of test data. But interpretation is far from straightforward, and a pragmatic application of assessment results requires attention to a multitude of issues. This long-awaited, updated, and greatly expanded second edition of the Clinician's Guide to Neuropsychological Assessment, like the first, focuses on the clinical practice of neuropsychology. Orienting readers to the entire multitude of issues, it guides them step by step through evaluation and helps them avoid common misconceptions, mistakes, and methodological pitfalls. It is divided into three sections: fundamental elements of the assessment process; special issues, settings, and populations; and new approaches and methodologies. The authors, all of whom are actively engaged in the clinical practice of neuropsychological assessment, as well as in teaching and research, do an outstanding job of integrating the academic and the practical. The Clinician's Guide to Neuropsychological Assessment, Second Edition will be welcomed as a text for graduate courses but also as an invaluable hands-on handbook for interns, postdoctoral fellows, and experienced neuropsychologists alike. No other book offers its combination of breadth across batteries and approaches, depth, and practicality.

Sports Related Concussions in Youth

Sports Related Concussions in Youth Book
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Sports-Related Concussions in Youth
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2014-02-04
ISBN : 0309288037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past decade, few subjects at the intersection of medicine and sports have generated as much public interest as sports-related concussions - especially among youth. Despite growing awareness of sports-related concussions and campaigns to educate athletes, coaches, physicians, and parents of young athletes about concussion recognition and management, confusion and controversy persist in many areas. Currently, diagnosis is based primarily on the symptoms reported by the individual rather than on objective diagnostic markers, and there is little empirical evidence for the optimal degree and duration of physical rest needed to promote recovery or the best timing and approach for returning to full physical activity. Sports-Related Concussions in Youth: Improving the Science, Changing the Culture reviews the science of sports-related concussions in youth from elementary school through young adulthood, as well as in military personnel and their dependents. This report recommends actions that can be taken by a range of audiences - including research funding agencies, legislatures, state and school superintendents and athletic directors, military organizations, and equipment manufacturers, as well as youth who participate in sports and their parents - to improve what is known about concussions and to reduce their occurrence. Sports-Related Concussions in Youth finds that while some studies provide useful information, much remains unknown about the extent of concussions in youth; how to diagnose, manage, and prevent concussions; and the short- and long-term consequences of concussions as well as repetitive head impacts that do not result in concussion symptoms. The culture of sports negatively influences athletes' self-reporting of concussion symptoms and their adherence to return-to-play guidance. Athletes, their teammates, and, in some cases, coaches and parents may not fully appreciate the health threats posed by concussions. Similarly, military recruits are immersed in a culture that includes devotion to duty and service before self, and the critical nature of concussions may often go unheeded. According to Sports-Related Concussions in Youth, if the youth sports community can adopt the belief that concussions are serious injuries and emphasize care for players with concussions until they are fully recovered, then the culture in which these athletes perform and compete will become much safer. Improving understanding of the extent, causes, effects, and prevention of sports-related concussions is vitally important for the health and well-being of youth athletes. The findings and recommendations in this report set a direction for research to reach this goal.

Cumulative Book Index

Cumulative Book Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A world list of books in the English language.

The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology

The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology Book
Author : Mike R. Schoenberg,James G. Scott
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-11
ISBN : 0387769781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From translating the patient’s medical records and test results to providing recommendations, the neuropsychological evaluation incorporates the science and practice of neuropsychology, neurology, and psychological sciences. The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology brings the practice and study of neuropsychology into concise step-by-step focus—without skimping on scientific quality. This one-of-a-kind assessment reference complements standard textbooks by outlining signs, symptoms, and complaints according to neuropsychological domain (such as memory, language, or executive function), with descriptions of possible deficits involved, inpatient and outpatient assessment methods, and possible etiologies. Additional chapters offer a more traditional approach to evaluation, discussing specific neurological disorders and diseases in terms of their clinical features, neuroanatomical correlates, and assessment and treatment considerations. Chapters in psychometrics provide for initial understanding of brain-behavior interpretation as well as more advanced principals for neuropsychology practice including new diagnostic concepts and analysis of change in performance over time. For the trainee, beginning clinician or seasoned expert, this user-friendly presentation incorporating ‘quick reference guides’ throughout which will add to the practice armentarium of beginning and seasoned clinicians alike. Key features of The Black Book of Neuropsychology: Concise framework for understanding the neuropsychological referral. Symptoms/syndromes presented in a handy outline format, with dozens of charts and tables. Review of basic neurobehavioral examination procedure. Attention to professional issues, including advances in psychometrics and diagnoses, including tables for reliable change for many commonly used tests. Special “Writing Reports like You Mean It” section and guidelines for answering referral questions. Includes appendices of practical information, including neuropsychological formulary. The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology is an indispensable resource for the range of practitioners and scientists interested in brain-behavior relationships. Particular emphasis is provided for trainees in neuropsychology and neuropsychologists. However, the easy to use format and concise presentation is likely to be of particular value to interns, residents, and fellows studying neurology, neurological surgery, psychiatry, and nurses. Finally, teachers of neuropsychological and neurological assessment may also find this book useful as a classroom text. "There is no other book in the field that covers the scope of material that is inside this comprehensive text. The work might be best summed up as being a clinical neuropsychology postdoctoral residency in a book, with the most up to date information available, so that it is also an indispensible book for practicing neuropsychologists in addition to students and residents...There is really no book like this available today. It skillfully brings together the most important foundationsof clinical neuropsychology with the 'nuts and bolts' of every facet of assessment. It also reminds the more weathered neuropsychologists among us of the essential value of neuropsychological assessment...the impact of the disease on the patient’s cognitive functioning and behavior may only be objectively quantified through a neuropsychological assessment." Arch Clin Neuropsychol (2011) first published online June 13, 2011 Read the full review acn.oxfordjournals.org

Clinical Neuropsychology

Clinical Neuropsychology Book
Author : Laura H. Goldstein,Jane E. McNeil
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-05-14
ISBN : 0470871369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Neuropsychology A Practical Guide to Assessment and Management for Clinicians shows how knowledge of neuropsychological applications is relevant and useful to a wide range of clinicians. It provides a link between recent advances in neuroimaging, neurophysiology and neuroanatomy and how these discoveries may best be used by clinicians. Anyone working with clients whose cognitive functioning shows some change and who needs to assess and make recommendations about rehabilitation and management will find this book essential reading. Practical focus on what is important for clinicians in each chapter Tackles both assessment issues and rehabilitation Distils findings from latest research and shows how they should be applied Wide range of applications, e.g. learning disabilities, ageing, problems in children

Advances in Psychological Assessment

Advances in Psychological Assessment Book
Author : Paul McReynolds,James C. Rosen,Gordon J. Chelune
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461305551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is the seventh in an ongoing series addressed to the in psychological assessment. The overall aim of the developing frontiers series is to bring critical examinations of recent advances in assessment to clinicians, researchers, university teachers, and graduate students, and thus to help them to keep abreast of an important and rapidly expanding field of psychology. This aim of course cannot be fulfilled in a single volume, but it can be met, at least to a large degree, in a continuing series. In this context we encourage those readers who are pleased with the offerings in this volume to consult appropriate chapters in earlier volumes of the series. The term psychological assessment, as used in this series, encom passes all of the various techniques - tests, rating scales, interview schedules, surveys, direct observational methods, and psychophysiol ogical procedures - that are employed in scientifically based practice and research to provide an improved understanding of individual per sons, groups, or environmental settings. Thus, the whole field of assess ment is taken as the proper area of concern for the series. This includes both what are sometimes called traditional assessment and behavioral assessment, as well as approaches not typically classed in either of these categories.

Cognitive Defects in the Development of Mental Illness

Cognitive Defects in the Development of Mental Illness Book
Author : Kittay Scientific Foundation
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ce document, réunissant les textes d'experts internationnaux en psychiatrie, en développement de l'enfant, en neurobiologie et en développement cognitif, examine les recherches innovatrices dans l'interaction des troubles de l'apprentissage et l'apparition de psychoses infantiles.