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The Role Of Infrastructure In Disaster Risk Reduction

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Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment

Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment Book
Author : Lee Bosher,Ksenia Chmutina
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-06-12
ISBN : 1118921496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Between 2010 and 2015 the world experienced 530 disaster events that affected 140 million people, killed 78,000people and caused US$151bn in damages, figures that are testament to the significant and increasingly negative impactsthat disasters have globally. Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment provides a multi-facetted introduction to how a wide range of risk reduction options can be mainstreamed into formal and informal construction decision making processes, so that Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) can become part of the 'developmental DNA'. The contents highlight the positive roles that practitioners such as civil and structural engineers, urban planners and designers, and architects can undertake to ensure that disaster risk is addressed when (re)developing the built environment. The book does not set out prescriptive or context blind solutions to complex problems because such solutions can invariably generate new problems. Instead it raises awareness, and in doing so, inspires a broad range of people to consider DRR in their work or everyday practices. This highly-illustrated text book provides a broad range of examples, case studies and thinking points that help the reader to consider how DRR approaches might be adapted for differing contexts.

The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction

The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Fabrice G. Renaud,Karen Sudmeier-Rieux,Marisol Estrella
Publisher : United Nations University Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9280812211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The uptake of ecosystem-based approaches for disaster risk reduction (DRR) is slow, however, despite some success stories. There are multiple reasons for this reluctance: ecosystem management is rarely considered as part of the portfolio of DRR solutions because the environmental and disaster management communities typically work independently from each other; its contribution to DRR is highly undervalued compared to engineered solutions and therefore not given appropriate budget allocations; and there are poor interactions between policymakers and researchers, leading to unclear and sometimes contradictory scientific information on the role of ecosystems for DRR. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of knowledge and practice in this multidisciplinary field of ecosystems management and DRR. The contributors, professionals from the science and disaster management communities around the world, represent state-of-the-art knowledge, practices, and perspectives on the topic.

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction Management

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction   Management Book
Author : Christian N Madu,Chu-Hua Kuei
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2017-07-25
ISBN : 9813207965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is increasingly of great concern to the world community. The earth has witnessed the buildup of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere, changes in biodiversity, and more occurrences of natural disasters. Recently, scientists have begun to shift their emphasis away from curbing carbon dioxide emission to adapting to carbon dioxide emission. The increase in natural disasters around the world is unprecedented in earth's history and these disasters are often associated to climate changes. Many nations along the coastal lines are threatened by massive floods and tsunamis. Earthquakes are increasing in intensity and erosion and droughts are problems in many parts of the developing countries. This book is therefore to investigate ways to prepare and effectively manage these disasters and possibly reduce their impacts. The focus is on mitigation strategies and policies that will help to reduce the impacts of natural disasters. The book takes an in-depth look at climate change and its association to socio-economic development and cultures especially in vulnerable communities; and investigates how communities can develop resilience to disasters. A balanced and a multiple perspective approach to manage the risks associated with natural disasters is offered by engaging authors from the entire globe to proffer solutions.

Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management

Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Book
Author : Ben Wisner,J.C. Gaillard,Ilan Kelman
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-03-29
ISBN : 1136918698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook provides a comprehensive statement and reference point for hazard and disaster research, policy making, and practice in an international and multi-disciplinary context. It offers critical reviews and appraisals of current state of the art and future development of conceptual, theoretical and practical approaches as well as empirical knowledge and available tools. Organized into five inter-related sections, this Handbook contains sixty-five contributions from leading scholars. Section one situates hazards and disasters in their broad political, cultural, economic, and environmental context. Section two contains treatments of potentially damaging natural events/phenomena organized by major earth system. Section three critically reviews progress in responding to disasters including warning, relief and recovery. Section four addresses mitigation of potential loss and prevention of disasters under two sub-headings: governance, advocacy and self-help, and communication and participation. Section five ends with a concluding chapter by the editors. The engaging international contributions reflect upon the politics and policy of how we think about and practice applied hazard research and disaster risk reduction. This Handbook provides a wealth of interdisciplinary information and will appeal to students and practitioners interested in Geography, Environment Studies and Development Studies.

2015 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction

2015 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2015-12-07
ISBN : 9210572696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

2015 is a critical year for the future of sustainable development. The 2015 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction highlights the connections between disaster risk and development and shows that decades of experience in managing disasters and reducing climate and disaster risk have produced a wealth of knowledge and good practice which can be applied to achieve sustainable development. The reduction of poverty, the improvement of health and education for all, the achievement of sustainable and equitable economic growth and the protection of the health of the planet now depend on the management of disaster risks in the day-to-day decisions of governments, companies, investors, civil society organizations, households and individuals. Strengthened disaster risk reduction is essential to making development sustainable.

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Koichi Shiwaku,Takako Izumi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-13
ISBN : 0128127120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges provides both a local and global perspective on how to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Topics demonstrate the advancement of scientific research as it applies to early warning systems, including identifying risk and the strengthening of infrastructure for different types of hazards. Through different major disasters, it has become evident that there must be a balance between hard and soft technology and physical, process and social solutions. This book demonstrates how this has been successfully implemented in Asia, and how these applications can apply on a global basis. Covers new research on the role of science in Disaster Risk Reduction and lessons learned when research has been applied Utilizes case studies to outline the broader lessons learned Focuses on the Sendai Framework, which was adopted in the Third UN World Conference in 2015

Ecosystem Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in Practice

Ecosystem Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in Practice Book
Author : Fabrice G. Renaud,Karen Sudmeier-Rieux,Marisol Estrella,Udo Nehren
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-19
ISBN : 3319436333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compilation of recent developments in the field of ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaption (Eco-DRR/CCA) globally. It provides further evidence that ecosystem-based approaches make economic sense, and showcases how research has progressively filled knowledge gaps about translating this concept into practice. It presents a number of methods, and tools that illustrate how Eco-DRR/CCA has been applied for various ecosystems and hazard contexts around the world. It also discusses how innovative institutional arrangements and policies are shaping the field of Eco-DRR/CCA. The book is of relevance to scientists, practitioners, policy-makers and students in the field of ecosystem management for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.

Disaster Management

Disaster Management Book
Author : Alejandro López-Carresi,Maureen Fordham,Ben Wisner,Ilan Kelman,Jc Gaillard
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-11-12
ISBN : 1136179771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a perennial gap between theory and practice, between academia and active professionals in the field of disaster management. This gap means that valuable lessons are not learned and people die or suffer as a result. This book opens a dialogue between theory and practice. It offers vital lessons to practitioners from scholarship on natural hazards, disaster risk management and reduction and developments studies, opening up new insights in accessible language with practical applications. It also offers to academics the insights of the enormous experience practitioners have accumulated, highlighting gaps in research and challenging assumptions and theories against the reality of experience. Disaster Management covers issues in all phases of the disaster cycle: preparedness, prevention, response and recovery. It also addresses cross-cutting issues including political, economic and social factors that influence differential vulnerability, and key areas of practice such as vulnerability mapping, early warning, infrastructure protection, emergency management, reconstruction, health care and education, and gender issues. The team of international authors combine their years of experience in research and the field to offer vital lessons for practitioners, academics and students alike.

Disaster Resilience Management of Infrastructure Systems

Disaster Resilience Management of Infrastructure Systems Book
Author : Waheed Uddin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-09
ISBN : 9781498754736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book outlines the geospatial technologies and analytical tools needed for safeguarding built infrastructure assets from natural disasters, and preparing for disaster resilience and risk reduction. It takes a whole life approach to infrastructure destruction and the related cost of natural disaster. It reviews weather related natural disasters exacerbated by climate change, deforestation, agricultural loss and public health risk, and commercial loss, and discusses the significance of infrastructure and urban growth on disaster risk. Topics include infrastructure resilience management, critical lifeline infrastructure performance, and recovery and mitigation. Several real world examples are presented. Throughout it applies the tools of computational modeling, remote sensing, risk mapping, and other spatial technologies.

Urban Disaster Resilience and Security

Urban Disaster Resilience and Security Book
Author : Alexander Fekete,Frank Fiedrich
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-04
ISBN : 3319686062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book investigates the interrelations of disaster impacts, resilience and security in an urban context. Urban as a term captures megacities, cities, and generally, human settlements, that are characterised by concentration of quantifiable and non-quantifiable subjects, objects and value attributions to them. The scope is to narrow down resilience from an all-encompassing concept to applied ways of scientifically attempting to ‚measure’ this type of disaster related resilience. 28 chapters in this book reflect opportunities and doubts of the disaster risk science community regarding this ‚measurability’. Therefore, examples utilising both quantitative and qualitative approaches are juxtaposed. This book concentrates on features that are distinct characteristics of resilience, how they can be measured and in what sense they are different to vulnerability and risk parameters. Case studies in 11 countries either use a hypothetical pre-event estimation of resilience or are addressing a ‘revealed resilience’ evident and documented after an event. Such information can be helpful to identify benchmarks or margins of impact magnitudes and related recovery times, volumes and qualities of affected populations and infrastructure.

Disaster Recovery Planning for Communications and Critical Infrastructure

Disaster Recovery Planning for Communications and Critical Infrastructure Book
Author : Leo Anthony Wrobel,Sharon M. Wrobel
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2009
ISBN : 1596934697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addressing the vulnerabilities in today's critical infrastructure to natural disasters and terrorism, this practical book describes what you should be doing to protect your infrastructure before the unthinkable happens. You learn how to maintain command and control in any disaster, and how to predict the probability of those disasters. Written by two highly regarded experts in the field, this one-of-a-kind book shows you how to simplify risk assessments and emergency response procedures to disasters affecting our critical national and local infrastructure.

Disaster Management in India Challenges and Strategies

Disaster Management in India  Challenges and Strategies Book
Author : Dr. R. K. Dave
Publisher : Prowess Publishing
Release : 2018-02-21
ISBN : 1545721750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book – “Disaster Management in India: Challenges and Strategies” - provides a practical and realistic understanding of the evolving status of disaster management in India. The book discusses techno-legal systems for disaster management and their real-life effectiveness based upon the author’s own professional experience as well as available literature including studies, reviews and audits reports.A case study of the 2001 Bhuj Earthquake conducted by the author is at the nucleus of the book and provides a clear understanding on how interdependent sub-systems (social, organisational, infrastructure) can fail during sever incidents, and the consequences thereof.Lack of resources, lack of coordination, and poor communication are endemic to severely damaged disaster environments like the 2001 Bhuj earthquake and are very commonly seen across the world. What is more important for the future is that new methods are being evolved that overcome the potential risks posed by such initial conditions for improving organizational performance. Lessons from the 2001 Bhuj earthquake highlighted in this book are still relevant and provide directions for well-designed future interventions.The book critically examines performance status of disaster management in the post DM Act 2005 period and identifies many relevant issues and challenges – including development of effective institutions for disaster risk management.At the end, the book proposes intervention strategies for strengthening and improving disaster management systems keeping in mind the latest developments and best-practices suited to Indian conditions. Drawing on the author’s decades of experience both in the domains of disaster management and technology, the book provides tips on - Emergency Operations Center design and development; Media integration into DM, emergency Resources Management systems development and Crowd management.

Disaster Management and Risk Reduction

Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Book
Author : Anil K. Gupta,Sreeja S. Nair,Sandhya Chatterji,Florian Bemmerlein-Lux
Publisher : Alpha Science International Limited
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9788184872514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disaster management and risk reduction is a fast growing academic discipline of environmental sciences to meet the evident deficit of scientific and professional human resource on disaster management education and its practices. This book provides case studies on hydro-meteorological disaster forewarning, industrial disasters, coastal protection; context of rural, urban development and agro-systems, hotspot analysis, vulnerability mapping, land-use planning, geo-ICT tools, environmental concerns in emergency relief, critical infrastructure, legal systems and ecosystem approach to disaster reduction and includes case studies on integration of climate-change adaptation with disaster management under the umbrella of regional environmental actions are added advantage. The book helps practitioners and scholars of disaster management across a range of studies, research and ground implementations related to ecology, natural resources, agriculture, geography, health and engineering.

Disaster Management and Private Sectors

Disaster Management and Private Sectors Book
Author : Takako Izumi,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-13
ISBN : 4431554149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book draws upon case studies and practices of different types of DRR involvement by the private sector from all over the world. The book comprises two parts, Part I: Overview and Regional Cases; and Part II: Country Cases. The regional cases include those from Africa, Asia, Europe, and Central America, and the country cases include ones from India, Japan, the United States, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, Malaysia, and Nepal. DRR at the international level is discussed from the perspective of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR). The perspective of the Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is presented in the discussion of DRR at the societal level. The private sector is becoming more active in disaster management and plays an important role in distributing relief items and sending search and rescue teams in the response phase. However, once the response stage is over, private sector involvement tends to fade. While a number of disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives by the private sector are documented, they remain limited. The private sector can contribute enormously to DRR by developing business continuity plans, innovating technology for early warning systems, and providing and sharing technical knowledge, skills, and resources in the field of disaster preparedness. To strengthen DRR capacity, it is crucial to involve the private sector as major actors in DRR. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of disaster management and DRR studies. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply the collective knowledge from this work to policy and decision making. The book provides an overview of the current research trends and furnishes basic knowledge on this important topic.

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA Book
Author : PARDEEP SAHNI,MADHAVI MALALGODA ARIYABANDU
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2003-01-01
ISBN : 8120322002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

South Asia represents a region highly prone to natural disasters. Disasters not only disrupt the normal life of the affected communities and the countries but also impede developmental efforts. By and large, the approach of the major stakeholders has been 'reactive' rather than 'proactive'. There is indeed, a dire need for concerted and well-planned efforts to achieve risk reduction through risk identification, and sharing and transfer of information. This edited volume explores how the risk of disasters can be reduced by structural and non-structural measures with detailed, comprehensive and participatory strategies. Twenty-seven contributors, both academicians and practitioners, investigate the challenges that the region faces and how changes can be effected at the community, society, government and non-government levels to foster a culture of preparedness. The overall focus is on risk reduction through prevention, preparedness, mitigation, response, recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Some case studies from different settings dealing with various disasters have also been included. Since disaster risk reduction is an area of great concern and there is absolute dearth of literature addressing this issue with regard to South Asia, this volume will be of immense utility and interest to government departments, NGOs, insurance companies, universities, training institutions, professional associates, media, general public, and students pursuing courses in disaster management.

Managing Disaster Risk in Emerging Economies

Managing Disaster Risk in Emerging Economies Book
Author : Alcira Kreimer,Margaret Arnold
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2000-01-01
ISBN : 9780821347263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1999 natural catastrophes and man-made disasters claimed more than 105,000 lives, 95 percent of them in the developing world, and caused economic losses of around US$100 billion. In 1998 the twin disasters of the Yangtze and Hurrican Mitch accounted for two-thirds of the US$65 billion loss. The geographical areas affected may vary, but one constant is that the per capita burden of catastrophic losses is dramatically higher in developing countries. To respond to an increased demand to assist disaster rcovery programmes, the World Bank set up the Disaster Management Facility in 1998, to help provide the Bank with a more rapid and strategic response to disaster emergencies. The DMF focuses on risk identification, risk reduction, and risk sharing/transfer, the three major topics in this volume. The DMF also promotes strategic alliances with key private, government, multilateral and nongovernmental organisations to ensure the inclusion of disaster risk reduction as a central value of development. The most important of these partnerships is the ProVention Consortium, launched in February 2000, based on the premise that we must all take responsibility for making the new millennium a safer one.

Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction

Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Juha I. Uitto,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-05
ISBN : 443155078X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on exploring the linkages between natural disasters and sustainable development at the global, regional, and national levels. Disasters and development are closely related, yet the disciplinary silos prevail and there is little communication and cooperation between the disaster management, environment, and development communities. One catastrophic event, such as an earthquake, tsunami, or cyclone, can destroy infrastructure, people’s lives and livelihoods, and set back development. Similarly, slow onset disasters—often associated with global climate change—pose threats to development, livelihoods, food security, and long-term sustainable development. This book is uniquely aimed at bridging the gaps between the environmental, development, and disaster management communities. It traces the evolution of concepts and practice and highlights the linkages between natural disasters and sustainable development in key sectors, including food security, health, and water. The book includes case studies from the field highlighting the complex issues that challenge sustainable development and disaster risk management in practice. It draws policy conclusions for the global community based on state-of-the art knowledge from research and practice. The primary target groups for the book are researchers, including graduate students, in the fields of environment and sustainable development, geography, disaster risk reduction, and climate change studies. The second target group comprises practitioners and policymakers working in national and international organizations, the private sector, and civil society.

Natural Disasters and Climate Change

Natural Disasters and Climate Change Book
Author : Stéphane Hallegatte
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-17
ISBN : 3319089331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores economic concepts related to disaster losses, describes mechanisms that determine the economic consequences of a disaster, and reviews methodologies for making decisions regarding risk management and adaptation. The author addresses the need for better understanding of the consequences of disasters and reviews and analyzes three scientific debates on linkage between disaster risk management and adaptation to climate change. The first involves the existence and magnitude of long-term economic impact of natural disasters on development. The second is the disagreement over whether any development is the proper solution to high vulnerability to disaster risk. The third debate involves the difficulty of drawing connections between natural disasters and climate change and the challenge in managing them through an integrated strategy. The introduction describes economic views of disaster, including direct and indirect costs, output and welfare losses, and use of econometric tools to measure losses. The next section defines disaster risk, delineates between “good” and “bad” risk-taking, and discusses a pathway to balanced growth. A section entitled “Trends in Hazards and the Role of Climate Change” sets scenarios for climate change analysis, discusses statistical and physical models for downscaling global climate scenarios to extreme event scenarios, and considers how to consider extremes of hot and cold, storms, wind, drought and flood. Another section analyzes case studies on hurricanes and the US coastline; sea-level rises and storm surge in Copenhagen; and heavy precipitation in Mumbai. A section on Methodologies for disaster risk management includes a study on cost-benefit analysis of coastal protections in New Orleans, and one on early-warning systems in developing countries. The next section outlines decision-making in disaster risk management, including robust decision-making, No-regret and No-risk strategies; and strategies that reduce time horizons for decision-making. Among the conclusions is the assertion that risk management policies must recognize the benefits of risk-taking and avoid suppressing it entirely. The main message is that a combination of disaster-risk-reduction, resilience-building and adaptation policies can yield large potential gains and synergies.