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The Role Of Infrastructure In Disaster Risk Reduction

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The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction

The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Makarand Hastak
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2022-02-15
ISBN : 9780128146989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction offers a comprehensive disaster-planning framework for the seven infrastructure layers: civil, civic, social, environmental, financial, educational, and cyber infrastructure. This framework includes three steps: 1) disaster impact assessment; 2) infrastructure development strategy (i.e., preparation strategy); and 3) capacity building strategy (i.e., mitigation strategy). With this framework, decision makers can identify vulnerable infrastructure and then make viable investment plans for reinforcing them by designing a well-balanced preparation and mitigation strategy that would build appropriate capacities for achieving the desired resilience. The resilience of communities or industries to disasters depends on the functioning of critical infrastructure. The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction will be useful for all entities involved in dealing with the aftermath of natural disasters including disaster professionals, first responders, city planners, architects and engineers, educators, and students and researchers working on understanding the need for disaster risk reduction and developing innovative solutions for better decision-making. Describes the role of infrastructure in disaster risk reduction and management as well as capacity building Provides readers with the tools needed to evaluate the criticality, vulnerability, and severity of impact, as well as the need for evaluating and building the necessary capacities for achieving desired resilience Illustrates the important role of disaster risk reduction through case studies

The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction

The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Fabrice G. Renaud,Karen Sudmeier-Rieux,Marisol Estrella
Publisher : United Nations University Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9280812211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The uptake of ecosystem-based approaches for disaster risk reduction (DRR) is slow, however, despite some success stories. There are multiple reasons for this reluctance: ecosystem management is rarely considered as part of the portfolio of DRR solutions because the environmental and disaster management communities typically work independently from each other; its contribution to DRR is highly undervalued compared to engineered solutions and therefore not given appropriate budget allocations; and there are poor interactions between policymakers and researchers, leading to unclear and sometimes contradictory scientific information on the role of ecosystems for DRR. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of knowledge and practice in this multidisciplinary field of ecosystems management and DRR. The contributors, professionals from the science and disaster management communities around the world, represent state-of-the-art knowledge, practices, and perspectives on the topic.

The Role of International Environmental Law in Disaster Risk Reduction

The Role of International Environmental Law in Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Jacqueline Peel,David Fisher
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2016-04-21
ISBN : 900431881X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Located at the intersection of international environmental and disaster law, this edited volume explores how environmental law approaches might be employed to reduce disaster risk, and how evolving policy tools for natural disasters influence environmental regimes focused on manmade risks.

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood Book
Author : Ian Davis,Kae Yanagisawa,Kristalina Georgieva
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-05-22
ISBN : 1317578538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The prevalence of natural disasters in recent years has highlighted the importance of preparing adequately for disasters and dealing efficiently with their consequences. This book addresses how countries can enhance their resilience against natural disasters and move towards economic growth and sustainable development. Covering a wide range of issues, it shows how well thought-out measures can be applied to minimize the impacts of disasters in a variety of situations. Starting with the need for coping with a rapidly changing global environment, the book goes on to demonstrate ways to strengthen awareness of the effectiveness of preventive measures, including in the reconstruction phase. The book also covers the roles played by different actors as well as tools and technologies for improved disaster risk reduction. It focuses on a variety of case studies from across Asia, Africa and Latin America, drawing out lessons that can be applied internationally. This book will be of great interest to professionals in disaster management, including national governments, donors, communities/citizens, NGOs and private sector. It will also be a highly valuable resource for students and researchers in disaster management and policy, development studies and economics.

Influence of Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction Within Post disaster Infrastructure Reconstruction on Socio economic Development

Influence of Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction Within Post disaster Infrastructure Reconstruction on Socio economic Development Book
Author : Roshani Sandika Pallyyaguru
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Influence of Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction Within Post disaster Infrastructure Reconstruction on Socio economic Development book written by Roshani Sandika Pallyyaguru, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecosystem Based Disaster and Climate Resilience

Ecosystem Based Disaster and Climate Resilience Book
Author : Mahua Mukherjee,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-05
ISBN : 9811648158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to the critical role of ecosystem-based disaster risk resilience (Eco-DRR) for building community resilience to multiple environmental risks such as rising heat, water stress, and pollution. Blue-green infrastructure (BGI) is an Eco-DRR tool that is an under-explored paradigm and can respond as one common strategy to targets set by the Sustainable Development Goals (UNDP), Climate Agreements (UNEP), the Sendai Framework (UNISDR), and the New Urban Agenda (UNCHS). Highlighted here in a systematic way is the importance of blue-green infrastructures in resilience building. The purpose is to introduce readers to the challenging context of development and opportunity creation for Eco-DRR. The roles of policy, scientific research, and implementation are presented cohesively. An attractive proposition of the book is a collection of case studies from different parts of the world where integration of BGI is experimented with at various levels of success. It envisages that shared tacit experiences from the realm of practice will further strengthen explicit knowledge. The focus in this book is on need and context building, policy and science (investigation, analysis, and design), case studies, and a road map for the future in four successive parts. Each part is self-sufficient yet linked to its predecessor, successor, or both, as the case may be.

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA Book
Author : PARDEEP SAHNI,MADHAVI MALALGODA ARIYABANDU
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2003-01-01
ISBN : 8120322002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

South Asia represents a region highly prone to natural disasters. Disasters not only disrupt the normal life of the affected communities and the countries but also impede developmental efforts. By and large, the approach of the major stakeholders has been 'reactive' rather than 'proactive'. There is indeed, a dire need for concerted and well-planned efforts to achieve risk reduction through risk identification, and sharing and transfer of information. This edited volume explores how the risk of disasters can be reduced by structural and non-structural measures with detailed, comprehensive and participatory strategies. Twenty-seven contributors, both academicians and practitioners, investigate the challenges that the region faces and how changes can be effected at the community, society, government and non-government levels to foster a culture of preparedness. The overall focus is on risk reduction through prevention, preparedness, mitigation, response, recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Some case studies from different settings dealing with various disasters have also been included. Since disaster risk reduction is an area of great concern and there is absolute dearth of literature addressing this issue with regard to South Asia, this volume will be of immense utility and interest to government departments, NGOs, insurance companies, universities, training institutions, professional associates, media, general public, and students pursuing courses in disaster management.

Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment

Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment Book
Author : Lee Bosher,Ksenia Chmutina
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-06-12
ISBN : 1118921496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Between 2010 and 2015 the world experienced 530 disaster events that affected 140 million people, killed 78,000people and caused US$151bn in damages, figures that are testament to the significant and increasingly negative impactsthat disasters have globally. Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment provides a multi-facetted introduction to how a wide range of risk reduction options can be mainstreamed into formal and informal construction decision making processes, so that Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) can become part of the 'developmental DNA'. The contents highlight the positive roles that practitioners such as civil and structural engineers, urban planners and designers, and architects can undertake to ensure that disaster risk is addressed when (re)developing the built environment. The book does not set out prescriptive or context blind solutions to complex problems because such solutions can invariably generate new problems. Instead it raises awareness, and in doing so, inspires a broad range of people to consider DRR in their work or everyday practices. This highly-illustrated text book provides a broad range of examples, case studies and thinking points that help the reader to consider how DRR approaches might be adapted for differing contexts.

Media and Disaster Risk Reduction

Media and Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Rajib Shaw,Suvendrini Kakuchi,Miki Yamaji
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-16
ISBN : 9811602859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyzes recent advances, trends, challenges and potentials of the role of media in disaster risk reduction. Collaboration, co-design and co-delivery with other stakeholders in science technology, private sectors, and civil society are found to be effective in reaching people and communities. The media is considered to be of utmost importance in all phases of disasters, before, during and after, with different types of media having different proactive roles to play in disaster risk reduction. Before disasters, they play essential roles not only in bringing early warning to people but also in enhancing their perception of the need to take action. At during- and post-disaster response recovery phases, community radio and social media are the key. These necessitate a resilient media infrastructure as the core of uninterrupted coverage. Media literacy has become an important issue for several stakeholders, including governments. In addition, more focus is placed on media governance to look at the priorities of disaster risk reduction initiatives within the media. All of these are considered to lead to trust in the media, which further improves people’s disaster response actions based on information from the media, before and during disasters. Covering different aspects of media, this book is a valuable source for students, researchers, academics, policy-makers and development practitioners.

UNESCO Guidelines for Assessing Learning Facilities in the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation

UNESCO Guidelines for Assessing Learning Facilities in the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation Book
Author : Torres, Jair,Anglès, Lucille,Grimaz, Stefano,Malisan, Petra
Publisher : UNESCO Publishing
Release : 2019-10-17
ISBN : 9231003445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download UNESCO Guidelines for Assessing Learning Facilities in the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation book written by Torres, Jair,Anglès, Lucille,Grimaz, Stefano,Malisan, Petra, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Role of Regional Organizations in Disaster Risk Management

The Role of Regional Organizations in Disaster Risk Management Book
Author : S. Hollis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-01-20
ISBN : 1137439300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of regional organizations to mitigate and respond to disasters has become a global trend. This book examines the role regional organizations play in managing disaster risk through a comparative study of ten regional organizations, demonstrating their current limitations and future potential.

Multi Hazard Early Warning and Disaster Risks

Multi Hazard Early Warning and Disaster Risks Book
Author : Dilanthi Amaratunga,Richard Haigh,Nuwan Dias
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-11
ISBN : 3030730034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a collection of papers under the theme of multi-hazard early warning and disaster risks. These were selected from the presentations made at the International Symposium on Tsunami and Multi-Hazard Risks, Early Warning and Community Awareness in supporting implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. This conference aimed to recognize achievements and to highlight work that still needs to be carried out. The conference promoted collaboration among academia, research institutions and disaster management offices, and further encouraged multidisciplinary and multi-sectoral interaction This International Symposium on Multi-Hazard Early Warning and Disaster Risk Reduction provided an important opportunity to reflect upon our progress to date in tackling disaster risk, but also to consider some of the challenges and opportunities that lay ahead of us. A particular focus of this event wasMulti-Hazard Early Warning. During the negotiations for the Sendai Framework, countries and partners highlighted the need to: 1. Continue to invest in, develop, maintain and strengthen people-centred, end-to-end early warning systems; 2. Promote the application of simple and low cost early warning equipment and facilities; 3. Broaden the dissemination channels for early warning information to facilitate early action. Countries also called for the further development of and investment in effective, nationally compatible, regional multi-hazard early warning mechanisms. To address these needs, global Target (g) of the Sendai Framework was adopted, namely to “substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030”. As illustrated by recent events in Indonesia, it is also vital to address the challenge of cascading hazards that pose a tsunami risk, and the importance of linking tsunami early warning to a multi-hazard environment. However, moving towards a multi-hazard environment is complex and poses many challenges but can bring significant benefits in terms of efficiencies and also in recognising the links between hazards, such as cascading threats. We very much hope that this book will provide an important platform to address these and other challenges in addressing disaster risk, as well as supporting implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction Management

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction   Management Book
Author : Christian N Madu,Chu-Hua Kuei
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2017-07-25
ISBN : 9813207965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is increasingly of great concern to the world community. The earth has witnessed the buildup of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere, changes in biodiversity, and more occurrences of natural disasters. Recently, scientists have begun to shift their emphasis away from curbing carbon dioxide emission to adapting to carbon dioxide emission. The increase in natural disasters around the world is unprecedented in earth's history and these disasters are often associated to climate changes. Many nations along the coastal lines are threatened by massive floods and tsunamis. Earthquakes are increasing in intensity and erosion and droughts are problems in many parts of the developing countries. This book is therefore to investigate ways to prepare and effectively manage these disasters and possibly reduce their impacts. The focus is on mitigation strategies and policies that will help to reduce the impacts of natural disasters. The book takes an in-depth look at climate change and its association to socio-economic development and cultures especially in vulnerable communities; and investigates how communities can develop resilience to disasters. A balanced and a multiple perspective approach to manage the risks associated with natural disasters is offered by engaging authors from the entire globe to proffer solutions.

Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience

Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience Book
Author : Saeid Eslamian
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-27
ISBN : 3030721965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience book written by Saeid Eslamian, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Community Practices for Disaster Risk Reduction in Japan

Community Practices for Disaster Risk Reduction in Japan Book
Author : Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-01-18
ISBN : 4431542469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents key lessons from community-based risk-reduction practices in Japan, a country that is often hit by disasters and that also has shown strong resilience in coping with those disasters. Japan has a strong governance system for disaster risk reduction. However, the Kobe earthquake of 1995 showed the importance of community involvement in disaster response as well as recovery. With several examples from different parts of Japan, the book elaborates on the importance of community-based risk reduction and the innovations required for sustaining some of the community approaches. The book has 13 chapters and is divided into three parts: (1) Evolution of community-based risk reduction in Japan; (2) Community-based risk-reduction issues; and (3) Case studies. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of environment, disaster risk reduction, and climate change studies. The book provides them with a good idea of the current research trends in the field and furnishes basic knowledge about these vital topics. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply the knowledge collected here to policy and decision-making.

Blue Green Infrastructure Across Asian Countries

Blue Green Infrastructure Across Asian Countries Book
Author : Shalini Dhyani,Mrittika Basu,Harini Santhanam,Rajarshi Dasgupta
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-03-24
ISBN : 9811671281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book discusses Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) from conception to implementation in building resilience and urban sustainability. The book emphasizes on infrastructures, institutions, and perceptions as three main pillars of implementing and managing successful BGI, with a special focus on Asia. The book highlights concepts as well as field-based experiences from different parts of Asia by experts, with a special focus on advances and opportunities in advancing BGI, challenges and constraints, followed by case studies on BGI mainstreaming. It addresses sustainable water management, multiscale environmental design, environmental risk assessment, and finally understanding policy implications and concerns for BGI mainstreaming in growing urban sprawls of the region. There has been growing global momentum and recognition of Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) as a multifunctional Nature-based Solution (NbS) with multiple co-benefits. There is strong evidence from many urban centres of Europe, USA, China, and South Africa demonstrating that mainstreaming BGI can help in addressing growing vulnerability of urban areas by ensuring safety, resilience, and sustainability for urban residents in the warming world. This book is a timely contribution for researchers, students, scholars, urban planners, consultants, and policy makers in the fields of environment, resilience, urban planning, climate adaptation, and sustainability science.

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Boosting Disaster Prevention through Innovative Risk Governance Insights from Austria France and Switzerland

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Boosting Disaster Prevention through Innovative Risk Governance Insights from Austria  France and Switzerland Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 9264281371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 2014, the OECD took stock of OECD countries' achievements in building resilience to major natural and man-made disasters. Based on its findings, a cross-country comparative study was undertaken in Austria, France and Switzerland; this report presents the findings from individual and comparative

Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction

Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Juha I. Uitto,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-05
ISBN : 443155078X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on exploring the linkages between natural disasters and sustainable development at the global, regional, and national levels. Disasters and development are closely related, yet the disciplinary silos prevail and there is little communication and cooperation between the disaster management, environment, and development communities. One catastrophic event, such as an earthquake, tsunami, or cyclone, can destroy infrastructure, people’s lives and livelihoods, and set back development. Similarly, slow onset disasters—often associated with global climate change—pose threats to development, livelihoods, food security, and long-term sustainable development. This book is uniquely aimed at bridging the gaps between the environmental, development, and disaster management communities. It traces the evolution of concepts and practice and highlights the linkages between natural disasters and sustainable development in key sectors, including food security, health, and water. The book includes case studies from the field highlighting the complex issues that challenge sustainable development and disaster risk management in practice. It draws policy conclusions for the global community based on state-of-the art knowledge from research and practice. The primary target groups for the book are researchers, including graduate students, in the fields of environment and sustainable development, geography, disaster risk reduction, and climate change studies. The second target group comprises practitioners and policymakers working in national and international organizations, the private sector, and civil society.

Governance challenges for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation convergence in agriculture Guidance for analysis

Governance challenges for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation convergence in agriculture   Guidance for analysis Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2019-07-19
ISBN : 925131649X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This discussion paper aims to help practitioners work in a more informed and politically sensitive way to integrate actions on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) in agriculture. It illustrates some typical governance and political economy-related barriers that may hamper convergence or integration of DRR and CCA actions. It also provides guidance for in-depth governance analysis, putting the analytical focus at national and subnational levels, while considering the international context as an important factor for convergence. The FAO Governance and Policy Support Discussion Paper series provides perspectives and concepts on critical governance and policy issues that are relevant to FAO work at country, regional and global levels. Discussion Papers are often based on work in progress, and we welcome suggestions and ideas by email at: [email protected] The series is available at: http://www.fao.org/policy-support/resources/