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The Role Of Global Air Pollution In Aging And Disease

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The Role of Global Air Pollution in Aging and Disease

The Role of Global Air Pollution in Aging and Disease Book
Author : Caleb E. Finch
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-21
ISBN : 0128131039
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Air Pollution in Aging: Reading Smoke Signals is a complete reference connecting environmental pollution research to the human aging process. Since 1800, lifespans have more than doubled as infections declined and medicine improved. But the 20th century introduced a new global scourge of air pollution from fossil fuels with the potential to damage arteries, hearts and lungs that has been related to chronic exposure of air pollution from fossil fuels. Risk areas of study include childhood obesity, brain damage associated with air pollution, increased risk for autism in children and dementia in older adults. In humans and animals, air pollution stimulates chronic inflammation in different organs, and genetic vulnerability to air pollution is being recognized, particularly for carriers of the Alzheimer risk gene ApoE4. Connects environmental pollution research to the human aging process Raises new issues relevant to the controversies on air pollution and global warming, challenging assumptions that lifespan will continue to increase in the 21st Century Examines the burden of air pollution to disadvantaged populations, with anticipated greater impact in developing countries which rely on fossil fuels for economic development in future decades

Air Quality Guidelines

Air Quality Guidelines Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9289021926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents revised guideline values for the four most common air pollutants - particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide - based on a recent review of the accumulated scientific evidence. The rationale for selection of each guideline value is supported by a synthesis of information emerging from research on the health effects of each pollutant. As a result, these guidelines now also apply globally. They can be read in conjunction with Air quality guidelines for Europe, 2nd edition, which is still the authority on guideline values for all other air pollutants. As well as revised guideline values, this book makes a brief yet comprehensive review of the issues affecting the application of the guidelines in risk assessment and policy development. Further, it summarizes information on: . pollution sources and levels in various parts of the world, . population exposure and characteristics affecting sensitivity to pollution, . methods for quantifying the health burden of air pollution, and . the use of guidelines in developing air quality standards and other policy tools. Finally, the special case of indoor air pollution is explored. Prepared by a large team of renowned international experts who considered conditions in various parts of the globe, these guidelines are applicable throughout the world. They provide reliable guidance for policy-makers everywhere when considering the various options for air quality management.

Communities in Action

Communities in Action Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 0309452961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Traffic Related Air Pollution

Traffic Related Air Pollution Book
Author : Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Joe Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-20
ISBN : 0128181230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

A Systematic Review of Key Issues in Public Health

A Systematic Review of Key Issues in Public Health Book
Author : Stefania Boccia,Paolo Villari,Walter Ricciardi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-13
ISBN : 3319136208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This wide-ranging study reviews the state of public health worldwide and presents informed recommendations for real-world solutions. Identifying the most urgent challenges in the field, from better understanding the causes of acute diseases and chronic conditions to reducing health inequities, it reports on cost-effective, science-based, ethically sound interventions. Chapters demonstrate bedrock skills essential to developing best practices, including flexible thinking for entrenched problems, conducting health impact assessments, and working with decision-makers. From these current findings come long-term practice and policy goals for preventing disease, promoting health, and improving quality of life, both locally and globally. A sampling of the topics covered: · Health trends of communicable diseases. · Epidemiology of cancer and principles of prevention. · Respiratory diseases and health disorders related to indoor and outdoor air pollution. · Public health gerontology and active aging. · Migrant and ethnic minority health. · Public health genomics. A Systematic Review of Key Issues in Public Health offers graduate students in the discipline a firm grasp on the field as it presently stands, and a clear set of directions for its potential future.

Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors

Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors Book
Author : Alan D. Lopez
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2006-04-02
ISBN : 0821362631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Strategic health planning, the cornerstone of initiatives designed to achieve health improvement goals around the world, requires an understanding of the comparative burden of diseases and injuries, their corresponding risk factors and the likely effects of invervention options. The Global Burden of Disease framework, originally published in 1990, has been widely adopted as the preferred method for health accounting and has become the standard to guide the setting of health research priorities. This publication sets out an updated assessment of the situation, with an analysis of trends observed since 1990 and a chapter on the sensitivity of GBD estimates to various sources of uncertainty in methods and data.

Traffic related Air Pollution and Dementia Incidence in a Seattle based Prospective Cohort Study

Traffic related Air Pollution and Dementia Incidence in a Seattle based  Prospective Cohort Study Book
Author : Magali Nohemy Blanco
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dementia has been considered a major global public health priority. It is very common in older adults and characterized by the progressive and irreversible loss of memory and mental abilities. Those affected often experience other comorbidities, disability and early death. No cure currently exists for progressive dementias, and the associated healthcare costs exceed those of other age-related conditions. Recently, animal and human studies have begun reporting on air pollution neurotoxicity, including dementia. Traffic-related air pollutants (TRAP) such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ultrafine particulates (UFP) and black carbon (BC) are important components of community air pollution that can vary substantially over space and time. TRAP exposure has been shown to be associated with neurotoxicity and pathologies such as Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in animals as well as cognitive deficits, including late-life dementia, though the evidence has been stronger for some pollutants than others. In particular, research indicates that UFPs may play an important role in the adverse health effects associated with particulate matter. Still, epidemiologic studies investigating dementia and long-term TRAP exposure are limited due to the absence of models that appropriately capture long-term human exposure to TRAP. This study addresses this gap in the literature through three specific aims: In Aim 1, we use fine-scale, long-term NO2 exposure as well as road proximity to assess the association between TRAP and late-life all-cause and AD dementia incidence in a community-based prospective cohort study. This study was conducted using the Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) cohort, a well-characterized, Seattle-based, prospective cohort study of aging and the brain among elderly individuals (65+ years) that has been ongoing since 1994 (Kukull et al., 2002; L. Wang et al., 2006). Participants were assigned long-term NO2 exposure based on a spatiotemporal model that incorporates decades of local air quality monitoring data based on residential history. Our primary analyses indicated that for every additional 5 ppb increase in 10-year average NO2 exposure, the hazard of all-cause and AD dementia is estimated to be 1% (HR: 1.01, 95% CI: 0.91, 1.11) and 2% (HR: 1.02, 95% CI: 0.91, 1.13) greater, respectively, after adjusting for important potential confounders. Sensitivity and secondary analyses investigating the impact of different exposure windows, model adjustments, exposure quality and more were in agreement, supporting the robustness of our results. These findings are in line with the literature and a recent meta-analysis indicating that there is no evidence of an association between NO2 and dementia incidence. In Aim 2, we leverage a highly innovative mobile monitoring campaign specifically designed to assess spatially-granular, long-term TRAP exposure for the ACT cohort (Blanco et al., 2019; Stanley, 2019) to characterize otherwise unavailable annual-average UFP and BC exposure. We calculate weighted UFP and BC averages from repeated short-term monitoring samples and use these to build universal kriging models with partial least squares regression to summarize hundreds of geographic covariate predictors. The hold-out model validation results indicated low model bias and high precision (RMSE: 933 pt UFP/cm3, 58 ng BC/m3; R2: 0.87 for UFP, 0.85 for BC). Predicted annual average UFP and BC exposure for ACT cohort locations had a median (IQR) of 6,782 (1,788) pt/cm3 and 525 (134) ng/m3, respectively. Similar to past studies, predicted concentration were highest near the downtown, industrial and airport areas as well as along major highways. Sensitivity analyses taking different approaches for dealing with extreme observations, calculating annual averages and building models all resulted in very similar results, strengthening the robustness of these exposure models. These findings support the use of these prediction models for future epidemiologic investigations of TRAP exposure in the ACT cohort. Aim 3 extends the exposure surfaces developed in Aim 2 for 2019 back to 1995 in order to characterize otherwise unavailable, spatially granular, long-term BC and UFP exposure for the ACT cohort. We use time-varying values of emission indicators (highway emissions) and surrogates (population density and green space; hereafter referred to jointly as "indicators") known to be strongly associated with TRAP along with observations of air pollution trends over time to extrapolate model predictions back in time. We validate models against historical observations at air monitoring sites. Results from these models showed that annual average BC and UFP exposure estimates for the ACT cohort were generally higher and more variable for earlier years. Locations near Seattle and along major roadways saw the sharpest drops in BC levels, while locations near the Sea-Tac Airport saw the sharpest drops in UFP levels over time. Models captured overall spatial and temporal pollution trends, though they were conservative and underpredicted observed concentrations at AQS sites. These models provide an understanding of how these otherwise poorly characterized pollutants may have changed over time in the Puget Sound, an important gap in the field. Until now, investigations of TRAP exposure have been largely limited to short-term human exposure and animal studies despite the growing body of evidence linking some TRAPs to brain health. In one of the first truly long-term epidemiologic studies of TRAP exposure, we found no evidence that elevated levels of long-term NO2 exposure is associated with an increased risk of late-life dementia incidence. Furthermore, we are one of the first to build annual-average UFP and BC exposure models from a novel and extensive mobile monitoring campaign specifically designed to assess exposure in a long-standing, community-based, prospective cohort study of aging and the brain. These models can be used to further advance the field and support epidemiologic investigations of dementia incidence and long-term TRAP exposure, including UFPs and pollutant mixtures.

World Report on Ageing and Health

World Report on Ageing and Health Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2015-10-22
ISBN : 9241565047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The WHO World report on ageing and health is not for the book shelf it is a living breathing testament to all older people who have fought for their voice to be heard at all levels of government across disciplines and sectors. - Mr Bjarne Hastrup President International Federation on Ageing and CEO DaneAge This report outlines a framework for action to foster Healthy Ageing built around the new concept of functional ability. This will require a transformation of health systems away from disease based curative models and towards the provision of older-person-centred and integrated care. It will require the development sometimes from nothing of comprehensive systems of long term care. It will require a coordinated response from many other sectors and multiple levels of government. And it will need to draw on better ways of measuring and monitoring the health and functioning of older populations. These actions are likely to be a sound investment in society's future. A future that gives older people the freedom to live lives that previous generations might never have imagined. The World report on ageing and health responds to these challenges by recommending equally profound changes in the way health policies for ageing populations are formulated and services are provided. As the foundation for its recommendations the report looks at what the latest evidence has to say about the ageing process noting that many common perceptions and assumptions about older people are based on outdated stereotypes. The report's recommendations are anchored in the evidence comprehensive and forward-looking yet eminently practical. Throughout examples of experiences from different countries are used to illustrate how specific problems can be addressed through innovation solutions. Topics explored range from strategies to deliver comprehensive and person-centred services to older populations to policies that enable older people to live in comfort and safety to ways to correct the problems and injustices inherent in current systems for long-term care.

The Biology of Human Longevity

The Biology of Human Longevity Book
Author : Caleb E. Finch
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-28
ISBN : 9780080545943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by Caleb Finch, one of the leading scientists of our time, The Biology of Human Longevity: Inflammation, Nutrition, and Aging in the Evolution of Lifespans synthesizes several decades of top research on the topic of human aging and longevity particularly on the recent theories of inflammation and its effects on human health. The book expands a number of existing major theories, including the Barker theory of fetal origins of adult disease to consider the role of inflammation and Harmon's free radical theory of aging to include inflammatory damage. Future increases in lifespan are challenged by the obesity epidemic and spreading global infections which may reverse the gains made in lowering inflammatory exposure. This timely and topical book will be of interest to anyone studying aging from any scientific angle. Author Caleb Finch is a highly influential and respected scientist, ranked in the top half of the 1% most cited scientists Provides a novel synthesis of existing ideas about the biology of longevity and aging Incorporates important research findings from several disciplines, including Gerontology, Genomics, Neuroscience, Immunology, Nutrition

Outdoor Air Pollution

Outdoor Air Pollution Book
Author : International Agency for Research on Cancer
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-07-05
ISBN : 9789283201472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of the IARC Monographs series provides an evaluation of the carcinogenicity of outdoor air pollution. Outdoor air pollution is a complex mixture of pollutants originating from natural and anthropogenic sources, including transportation, power generation, industrial activity, biomass burning, and domestic heating and cooking. The mix of pollutants in outdoor air varies widely in space and time, reflecting the diversity of sources and the influence of atmospheric processes. Commonly measured air pollutants include particulate matter (PM2.5, PM10), nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide; the concentration of particulate matter is often used as an indicator of pollution levels. Millions of people worldwide are exposed to outdoor air pollution at levels that substantially exceed existing health-based guidelines. This evaluation is the culmination of a series that has examined individual pollutants that are contained in the mixture of outdoor air. Related previous evaluations have been published in IARC Monographs Volumes 92, 93, 95, 100C, 100E, 103, and 105. An IARC Monographs Working Group reviewed epidemiological studies, animal cancer bioassays, and mechanistic data to assess the carcinogenic hazards of exposure to outdoor air pollution and particulate air pollution.

The Inside Story

The Inside Story Book
Author : United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air and Radiation,U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Inside Story book written by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air and Radiation,U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Gerontology

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Gerontology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-20
ISBN : 0128160764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Gerontology presents a wide range of topics, ranging from what happens in the body during aging, the reasons and mechanisms relating to those age-related changes, and their clinical, psychological and social modulators and determinants. The book covers the biological and medical aspects of gerontology within the general framework of the biological basis of assessing age, biological mechanisms of aging, age-related changes in biological systems, human age-related diseases, the biomedical practicality and impracticality of interventions, and finally, the ethics of intervention. Provides a ‘one-stop’ resource to information written by world-leading scholars in the field of biomedical gerontology Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in the last 10 years

The Future of the Public s Health in the 21st Century

The Future of the Public s Health in the 21st Century Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-02-01
ISBN : 0309133181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation's public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation's health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public's health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists.

Alzheimer s Disease and Air Pollution

Alzheimer s Disease and Air Pollution Book
Author : L. Calderón-Garcidueñas
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2021-05-03
ISBN : 1643681591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most people think of Alzheimer’s disease as a condition which predominately affects elderly people, but an increasing amount of evidence indicates that in populations exposed to high concentration of air pollutants, Alzheimer’s disease development and progression can be identified in pediatric and young adulthood ages. Cognitive, olfactory, gait, equilibrium and auditory alterations are seen early, thus the concept of decades-long asymptomatic period prior to clinical cognitive impairment does not apply to the millions of people exposed day in and day out to polluted environments. This book Alzheimer's Disease and Air Pollution – The Development and Progression of a Fatal Disease from Childhood and the Opportunities for Early Prevention is a compilation of work by researchers intent on revealing the links between air pollution and neurodegeneration. The book is divided into 6 sections. It includes a section describing the ways in which air pollution from traffic and tobacco smoke can damage the brain; epidemiological studies establishing a strong link between dementia and particulate matter and ozone; papers explaining the properties of pollution; and works describing the intricate pathways which transform normal neurons into ghost tangles surrounded by a devastated brain. Air pollution is complex; different pollutants, different sizes and shapes and different portals of entry, play different roles, but their capacity to damage neural tissue is abundantly illustrated in this book, which highlights the need for preventive measures to protect the millions of people currently exposed to air pollutants, and the need to ameliorate their harmful effects.

Skin Aging

Skin Aging Book
Author : Barbara A. Gilchrest,Jean Krutmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-20
ISBN : 3540329536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The topic of skin aging is of growing importance to all working in the field of dermatology, aesthetic medicine and cosmetic medicine. Two internationally well-known and leading experts in the field present a comprehensive state-of-the-art review on all aspects of skin aging. With its clear, concise and reader-friendly format this book has all the potential to become the Bible of skin aging. Every specialist interested in dermatology, aesthetic medicine, cosmetic science, cutaneous biology and aging research will find indispensable information of great value for his or her daily work.

Transport Environment and Health

Transport  Environment and Health Book
Author : World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9289013567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together the scientific evidence on the main effects of transport on human health and the environment. It sets the conceptual framework for future analyses of the health burden and health gains from transport policies. It outlines how these health concerns have been reflected in policy tools such as impact assessment, regulation and economic analysis, and identifies the areas where action is most needed. Discussions of the environment and health effects of transport need to be communicated in a way that is relevant for policy-makers and easily understood by nonscientists. That is the aim of this book, which summarizes the results of extensive reviews of the issues prepared by groups of prominent international experts. It is also planned to release the reviews themselves, to give a more detailed account of the scientific evidence. [Foreword]

Climate Change and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion

Climate Change and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Book
Author : Sari Kovats
Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
Release : 2000-11
ISBN : 9289013559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A balanced assessment based on currently available scientific knowledge of the effects that climate change may have on the environment in Europe and the health of its populations. Written in non-technical language the book responds to growing public and political concern about the consequences of such widely publicized phenomena as global warming and stratospheric ozone depletion. The book also responds to evidence that recent warming trends in Europe have already affected health. The book opens with a brief explanation of the causes of climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion followed by an overview of recent European and global initiatives aimed at monitoring trends and assessing their impact on health. The first main chapter on climate change in Europe summarizes currently documented trends and provides a scenario of possible changes throughout the rest of this century. The second and most extensive chapter reviews scientific evidence on specific health consequences. These include effects related to increased episodes of thermal stress and air pollution; changes in foodborne water-related vector-borne and rodent-borne diseases; mortality from floods and other weather extremes; and changes in the production of aeroallergens associated with respiratory disorders including asthma. Chapter three considers health effects linked to stratospheric ozone depletion giving particular attention to adverse effects on the eye and immune system and skin cancer. The remaining chapters discuss health effects expected in the next decade and outline actions urgently needed in the areas of policy monitoring and surveillance and research.

Extending Russia

Extending Russia Book
Author : James Dobbins,Raphael S. Cohen,Nathan Chandler,Bryan Frederick,Edward Geist,Paul DeLuca,Forrest E. Morgan,Howard J. Shatz,Brent Williams
Publisher : RAND
Release : 2019-04-11
ISBN : 1977400213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the U.S. National Defense Strategy recognizes, the United States is currently locked in a great-power competition with Russia. This report seeks to define areas where the United States can compete to its own advantage. It examines Russian vulnerabilities and anxieties; analyzes potential policy options to exploit them; and assesses the associated benefits, costs, and risks, as well as the likelihood of successful implementation.

Future Directions for the Demography of Aging

Future Directions for the Demography of Aging Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-07-21
ISBN : 0309474108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Almost 25 years have passed since the Demography of Aging (1994) was published by the National Research Council. Future Directions for the Demography of Aging is, in many ways, the successor to that original volume. The Division of Behavioral and Social Research at the National Institute on Aging (NIA) asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to produce an authoritative guide to new directions in demography of aging. The papers published in this report were originally presented and discussed at a public workshop held in Washington, D.C., August 17-18, 2017. The workshop discussion made evident that major new advances had been made in the last two decades, but also that new trends and research directions have emerged that call for innovative conceptual, design, and measurement approaches. The report reviews these recent trends and also discusses future directions for research on a range of topics that are central to current research in the demography of aging. Looking back over the past two decades of demography of aging research shows remarkable advances in our understanding of the health and well-being of the older population. Equally exciting is that this report sets the stage for the next two decades of innovative researchâ€"a period of rapid growth in the older American population.

Nephrology and Public Health Worldwide

Nephrology and Public Health Worldwide Book
Author : Geraldo B. Silva Junior,Alejandro Ferreiro Fuentes,Masaomi Nangaku,Giuseppe Remuzzi,Claudio Ronco
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2021
ISBN : 331806937X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Kidney disease is frequently described as a public health problem. This book will unpack what we mean by "public health" and by "taking a public health approach." We will consider the global burden of kidney diseases and their determinants, with a focus on chronic kidney disease"--