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The Role Of Animals In Emerging Viral Diseases

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The Role of Animals in Emerging Viral Diseases

The Role of Animals in Emerging Viral Diseases Book
Author : Nicholas Johnson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-09-16
ISBN : 012405515X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Role of Animals in Emerging Viral Diseases presents what is currently known about the role of animals in the emergence or re-emergence of viruses including HIV-AIDS, SARS, Ebola, avian flu, swine flu, and rabies. It presents the structure, genome, and methods of transmission that influence emergence and considers non-viral factors that favor emergence, such as animal domestication, human demography, population growth, human behavior, and land-use changes. When viruses jump species, the result can be catastrophic, causing disease and death in humans and animals. These zoonotic outbreaks reflect several factors, including increased mobility of human populations, changes in demography and environmental changes due to globalization. The threat of new, emerging viruses and the fact that there are no vaccines for the most common zoonotic viruses drive research in the biology and ecology of zoonotic transmission. In this book, specialists in 11 emerging zoonotic viruses present detailed information on each virus's structure, molecular biology, current geographic distribution, and method of transmission. The book discusses the impact of virus emergence by considering the ratio of mortality, morbidity, and asymptomatic infection and assesses methods for predicting, monitoring, mitigating, and controlling viral disease emergence. Analyzes the structure, molecular biology, current geographic distribution and methods of transmission of 10 viruses Provides a clear perspective on how events in wildlife, livestock, and even companion animals have contributed to virus outbreaks and epidemics Exemplifies the "one world, one health, one medicine" approach to emerging disease by examining events in animal populations as precursors to what could affect humans

Emerging and Re emerging Infectious Diseases of Livestock

Emerging and Re emerging Infectious Diseases of Livestock Book
Author : Jagadeesh Bayry
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-07
ISBN : 331947426X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides comprehensive knowledge on diseases in livestock that are caused by viruses, parasites and bacteria. Emerging and re-emerging pathogens are presented in detail for various animal groups and in-depth insights into pathogenesis and epidemiology will be provided for each of them. In addition, state-of-the-art treatment possibilities, control measures as well as vaccination strategies are discussed. The recent years have witnessed a sharp increase in the number of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases of livestock and many of these, including Influenza, Corona and Hanta are of public health importance. The reasons for this development are manifold:changes in the climate, life cycle of vectors and increased global travel. Also, due to extensive deforestation, livestock are increasingly coming in direct contact with wild animals that are reservoirs of many emerging pathogens. Recent progress in diagnosis and management of emerging infectious diseases are also topic of this book.

Bats and Viruses

Bats and Viruses Book
Author : Lin-Fa Wang,Christopher Cowled
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-09-15
ISBN : 1118818733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Approximately 75% of emerging infectious diseases are zoonoses. The rate of emergence of zoonotic viruses appears to be increasing and/or our ability to detect new viruses is improving. Bats are being increasingly recognised as an important reservoir of zoonotic viruses of different families, including SARS coronavirus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus and Ebola virus. Several recent studies hypothesized that bats, an ancient group of flying mammals, are the major reservoir of several important RNA virus families from which most (if not all) other known mammalian viruses of livestock animals and human were derived. As the only flying mammal on earh, bats have several unique biological features distinguishing them from all other mammals. Recent genomics studies revealed that the adaptation of flight is linked to bat's ability to live longer and harbouring a large number of viruses without suffering from diseases. There has been a very rapid increase in the number of publication in the 2000s. This was mainly due to the discovery of bats as reservoir of major zoonotic viruses such as Henipavirus, SARS virus and Ebola/Marburg viruses in the 1990s, which triggered a new wave of research interests into bats as a reservoir of viruses. In addition to the large number of bat viruses discovered in the last two decades, the research interest has also expanded to the host biology, especially in the area of immunology and genomics marked by the recent publication of the two bat genomes in Science (Zhang et al. 203 Science, 339: 456-460) as a cover story. It is unfortunate that for such an important and rapidly expanding area of research, there has been no publication of any dedicated book on this topic. The last book published in this area is a monogram titled "Virus Infections in Bats" in 1974 which is almost 4 decades ago. This is the time to produce a book dedicated to this important topic which has witnessed tremendous growth in the last four decades. The aim of this project is to provide a most updated review on our knowledge in the area of bat biology and bats as a host of major zoonotic viruses. The book will cover a wide range of topics from bat biology, bat immunology, bat genomics to pathogen discovery and specific chapters on each of the major bat-borne virus families. The book will also provide a chapter remarking on the future direction of research in this important and rapidly growing area.

Wildlife and Emerging Zoonotic Diseases The Biology Circumstances and Consequences of Cross Species Transmission

Wildlife and Emerging Zoonotic Diseases  The Biology  Circumstances and Consequences of Cross Species Transmission Book
Author : James E. Childs,John S. Mackenzie,Jürgen A.. Richt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-23
ISBN : 3540709622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume offers an overview of the processes of zoonotic viral emergence, the intricacies of host/virus interactions, and the role of biological transitions and modifying factors. The themes introduced here are amplified and explored in detail by the contributing authors, who explore the mechanisms and unique circumstances by which evolution, biology, history, and current context have contrived to drive the emergence of different zoonotic agents by a series of related events.

Emerging Viral Diseases

Emerging Viral Diseases Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2015-03-19
ISBN : 0309314003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past half century, deadly disease outbreaks caused by novel viruses of animal origin - Nipah virus in Malaysia, Hendra virus in Australia, Hantavirus in the United States, Ebola virus in Africa, along with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), several influenza subtypes, and the SARS (sudden acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) coronaviruses - have underscored the urgency of understanding factors influencing viral disease emergence and spread. Emerging Viral Diseases is the summary of a public workshop hosted in March 2014 to examine factors driving the appearance, establishment, and spread of emerging, re-emerging and novel viral diseases; the global health and economic impacts of recently emerging and novel viral diseases in humans; and the scientific and policy approaches to improving domestic and international capacity to detect and respond to global outbreaks of infectious disease. This report is a record of the presentations and discussion of the event.

Examining the Role of Environmental Change on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Pandemics

Examining the Role of Environmental Change on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Pandemics Book
Author : Bouzid, Maha
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-08-04
ISBN : 1522505547
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is one of the most widely debated and worrisome topics of our time. As environmental changes become more prevalent, there has been evidence to suggest that there is a correlation between the environment and a substantial increase of infectious diseases and viruses around the globe. Examining the Role of Environmental Change on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Pandemics investigates the impact of climate change in relation to the emergence and spread of global diseases. Highlighting epidemiological factors and policies to govern epidemics and pandemics, this publication is a critical reference source for medical professionals, students, environmental scientists, advocates, policy makers, academics, and researchers.

One Health The Human Animal Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases

One Health  The Human Animal Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases Book
Author : John S. Mackenzie,Martyn Jeggo,Peter Daszak,Juergen A. Richt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-22
ISBN : 3642368891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One Health is an emerging concept that aims to bring together human, animal, and environmental health. Achieving harmonized approaches for disease detection and prevention is difficult because traditional boundaries of medical and veterinary practice must be crossed. In the 19th and early 20th centuries this was not the case—then researchers like Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch and physicians like William Osler and Rudolph Virchow crossed the boundaries between animal and human health. More recently Calvin Schwabe revised the concept of One Medicine. This was critical for the advancement of the field of epidemiology, especially as applied to zoonotic diseases. The future of One Health is at a crossroads with a need to more clearly define its boundaries and demonstrate its benefits. Interestingly the greatest acceptance of One Health is seen in the developing world where it is having significant impacts on control of infectious diseases.

Veterinary Virology

Veterinary Virology Book
Author : Frederick A. Murphy,E. Paul J. Gibbs,Marian C. Horzinek,Michael J. Studdert
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-10-27
ISBN : 9780080552033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Completely rewritten, this edition has expanded coverage of zoonotic viruses and the diseases they cause, and viruses and viral diseases of laboratory animals, poultry, fish, and wildlife. The concept of new emerging and reemerging viral diseases reflects the new perspective this concept has brought to veterinary and zoonotic virology and related fields. Part I presents fundamental principles of virology related to animal infection and disease. Part II details the properties and clinical features of the viruses that afflict animals and describes their treatment and control. Key Features * Comprehensive coverage of animal viruses, viral diseases, and viral zoonoses * Covers veterinary and zoonotic virology from the perspective of pathogenesis of viral infections, as well as from the perspective of disease prevention and control

Fenner s Veterinary Virology

Fenner s Veterinary Virology Book
Author : N. James Maclachlan,Edward J Dubovi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-12-15
ISBN : 012801170X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fenner's Veterinary Virology, Fifth Edition, is a comprehensive reference of global importance that features coverage on viral agents, viral diseases of animals, and newly emerging viral zoonotic diseases. It is an excellent first port of call for researchers and students alike, presenting the fundamental principles of virology, virus structure, genome replication, and viral diseases, while also focusing on the topics' clinical aspects. Organized on a taxonomic basis, readers can quickly understand how the virus (or the viral diseases) fits into the bigger picture of the virus genus and family. The basic information about each virus, such as disease, transmission, control, and treatment are useful for veterinary students and clinicians for their practices in disease management and prevention. Revised and updated to include taxonomic organization changes and topical information Provides a comprehensive overview of viruses and viral diseases of veterinary significance Includes global contributions from thought leaders Emphasizes new and emerging viral diseases

Modeling Infectious Diseases in Humans and Animals

Modeling Infectious Diseases in Humans and Animals Book
Author : Matt J. Keeling,Pejman Rohani
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2011-09-19
ISBN : 1400841038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For epidemiologists, evolutionary biologists, and health-care professionals, real-time and predictive modeling of infectious disease is of growing importance. This book provides a timely and comprehensive introduction to the modeling of infectious diseases in humans and animals, focusing on recent developments as well as more traditional approaches. Matt Keeling and Pejman Rohani move from modeling with simple differential equations to more recent, complex models, where spatial structure, seasonal "forcing," or stochasticity influence the dynamics, and where computer simulation needs to be used to generate theory. In each of the eight chapters, they deal with a specific modeling approach or set of techniques designed to capture a particular biological factor. They illustrate the methodology used with examples from recent research literature on human and infectious disease modeling, showing how such techniques can be used in practice. Diseases considered include BSE, foot-and-mouth, HIV, measles, rubella, smallpox, and West Nile virus, among others. Particular attention is given throughout the book to the development of practical models, useful both as predictive tools and as a means to understand fundamental epidemiological processes. To emphasize this approach, the last chapter is dedicated to modeling and understanding the control of diseases through vaccination, quarantine, or culling. Comprehensive, practical introduction to infectious disease modeling Builds from simple to complex predictive models Models and methodology fully supported by examples drawn from research literature Practical models aid students' understanding of fundamental epidemiological processes For many of the models presented, the authors provide accompanying programs written in Java, C, Fortran, and MATLAB In-depth treatment of role of modeling in understanding disease control

Confronting Emerging Zoonoses

Confronting Emerging Zoonoses Book
Author : Akio Yamada,Laura H. Kahn,Bruce Kaplan,Thomas P. Monath,Jack Woodall,Lisa Conti
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-19
ISBN : 4431551204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides readers with information on the factors underlying the emergence of infectious diseases originating in animals and spreading to people. The One Health concept recognizes the important links between human, animal, and environmental health and provides an important strategy in epidemic mitigation and prevention. The essential premise of the One Health concept is to break down the silos among the different health professions and promote transdisciplinary collaborations. These concepts are illustrated with in-depth analyses of specific zoonotic agents and with examples of the successes and challenges associated with implementing One Health. The book also highlights some of the challenges societies face in confronting several specific zoonotic diseases. A chapter is included on comparative medicine to demonstrate the broad scope of the One Health concept. Edited by a team including the One Health Initiative pro bono members, the book is dedicated to those studying zoonotic diseases and comparative medicine in both human and veterinary medicine, to those involved in the prevention and control of zoonotic infections and to those in the general public interested in the visionary field of One Health.

Emerging Infectious Diseases

Emerging Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Emerging Infectious Diseases book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Emerging Viruses

Emerging Viruses Book
Author : Stephen S. Morse
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0195104846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book to focus on rapid viral evolution and emerging viruses. It systematically explores methods to track viral epidemics and to detect new viruses. It also offers practical suggestions for the prevention of future epidemics.

Emerging Infectious Diseases

Emerging Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Felissa R. Lashley, PhD, RN, FABMGG,Jerry D. Durham, PhD, RN, FAAN
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2007-05-14
ISBN : 9780826103505
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This new work updates the highly regarded first edition...and is equally excellent. It offers a wealth of timely information about a variety of emerging and reemerging infections...This is an excellent reference for anyone interested in emerging infections, and will be a valuable resource for health science students, especially those in nursing and public health....Highly recommended. Upper-level undergraduates through professionals/practitioners."--Choice Emerging, re-emerging, and antibiotic-resistant infectious diseases continue to increase at an alarming rate throughout the world. Written for a wide range of health professionals, particularly nurses, this revised edition provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of these diseases: their epidemiology, clinical manifestations, prevention, and treatment. With contributions by a multidisciplinary team of nurses, physicians, and infectious disease specialists, the book includes material on the most recent and important new emerging infectious diseases: Avian influenza and SARS Issues of demographics and microbial resistance Special topics, including bioterrorism Behavioral and cultural factors Infectious etiologies of chronic diseases Travel and recreational exposure Each chapter is amply illustrated with clinical case examples to demonstrate the pitfalls in differential diagnosis and elucidate proper management and treatment. Valuable appendices provide critical reference information for each of the bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic diseases.

One Health

One Health Book
Author : Ronald M. Atlas,Stanley Maloy
Publisher : ASM Press
Release : 2014-03-20
ISBN : 1555818420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging infectious diseases are often due to environmental disruption, which exposes microbes to a different niche that selects for new virulence traits and facilitates transmission between animals and humans. Thus, health of humans also depends upon health of animals and the environment – a concept called One Health. This book presents core concepts, compelling evidence, successful applications, and remaining challenges of One Health approaches to thwarting the threat of emerging infectious disease. Written by scientists working in the field, this book will provide a series of ""stories"" about how disruption of the environment and transmission from animal hosts is responsible for emerging human and animal diseases. • Explains the concept of One Health and the history of the One Health paradigm shift . • Traces the emergence of devastating new diseases in both animals and humans.• Presents case histories of notable, new zoonoses, including West Nile virus, hantavirus, Lyme disease, SARS, and salmonella.• Links several epidemic zoonoses with the environmental factors that promote them.• Offers insight into the mechanisms of microbial evolution toward pathogenicity.• Discusses the many causes behind the emergence of antibiotic resistance.• Presents new technologies and approaches for public health disease surveillance.• Offers political and bureaucratic strategies for promoting the global acceptance of One Health.

Novel and Re emerging Respiratory Viral Diseases

Novel and Re emerging Respiratory Viral Diseases Book
Author : Gregory R. Bock,Jamie A. Goode
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-30
ISBN : 9780470770689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The past decade has seen mounting global concern regarding viral outbreaks such as SARS, avian influenza and West Nile virus. In 2004 and 2005, reports of bird-to-human, and possible human-to-human, transmissions of the H5N1 influenza viruses raised fears that these viruses could cause a pandemic on the scale of the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918. Previous to this, a novel coronavirus had been identified as the aetiological agent of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), a new respiratory viral disease that emerged at the end of 2002 and caused profound disturbances in over 30 countries worldwide in 2003. It is not known whether the SARS coronavirus will re-emerge, especially since its origins and potential reservoir(s) are unresolved. However, these outbreaks have shown that these viruses can emerge in any part of the world at any time. This book critically evaluates the latest scientific evidence on novel or re-emerging viral diseases and brings together contributions from world experts on this topic, explaining best practice in their area, and discussing lessons learned and how best to collaborate to prevent and control future outbreaks. Topics covered include: the latest advances in virology, particularly in the area of epidemiology diagnostics animal models for viral infection antiviral and vaccine development Novel and Re-emerging Respiratory Viral Diseases offers a comprehensive and interdisciplinary account of all aspects of the topic, from basic molecular biology to public health issues, and is therefore essential reading for virologists, infectious disease specialists, public health managers, researchers and epidemiologists, as well as those working in vaccine development, pharmaceutical medicine and drug discovery

Hunter s Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases E Book

Hunter s Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases E Book Book
Author : Edward T Ryan,David R Hill,Tom Solomon,Timothy P Endy,Naomi Aronson
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2019-03-25
ISBN : 0323625509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New emerging diseases, new diagnostic modalities for resource-poor settings, new vaccine schedules ... all significant, recent developments in the fast-changing field of tropical medicine. Hunter’s Tropical Medicine and Emerging Infectious Diseases, 10th Edition, keeps you up to date with everything from infectious diseases and environmental issues through poisoning and toxicology, animal injuries, and nutritional and micronutrient deficiencies that result from traveling to tropical or subtropical regions. This comprehensive resource provides authoritative clinical guidance, useful statistics, and chapters covering organs, skills, and services, as well as traditional pathogen-based content. You’ll get a full understanding of how to recognize and treat these unique health issues, no matter how widespread or difficult to control. Includes important updates on malaria, leishmaniasis, tuberculosis and HIV, as well as coverage of Ebola, Zika virus, Chikungunya, and other emerging pathogens. Provides new vaccine schedules and information on implementation. Features five all-new chapters: Neglected Tropical Diseases: Public Health Control Programs and Mass Drug Administration; Health System and Health Care Delivery; Zika; Medical Entomology; and Vector Control – as well as 250 new images throughout. Presents the common characteristics and methods of transmission for each tropical disease, as well as the applicable diagnosis, treatment, control, and disease prevention techniques. Contains skills-based chapters such as dentistry, neonatal pediatrics and ICMI, and surgery in the tropics, and service-based chapters such as transfusion in resource-poor settings, microbiology, and imaging. Discusses maladies such as delusional parasitosis that are often seen in returning travelers, including those making international adoptions, transplant patients, medical tourists, and more.

Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease

Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease Book
Author : P. J. Quinn,B. K. Markey,F. C. Leonard,P. Hartigan,S. Fanning,E. S. Fitzpatrick
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-10-07
ISBN : 1118251164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbiology is one of the core subjects for veterinary students,and since its first publication in 2002, Veterinary Microbiologyand Microbial Disease has become an essential text for students ofveterinary medicine. Fully revised and expanded, this new editionupdates the subject for pre-clinical and clinical veterinarystudents in a comprehensive manner. Individual sections deal withbacteriology, mycology and virology. Written by an academic teamwith many years of teaching experience, the book provides concisedescriptions of groups of microorganisms and the diseases whichthey cause. Microbial pathogens are discussed in separate chapterswhich provide information on the more important features of eachmicroorganism and its role in the pathogenesis of diseases ofanimals. The international and public health significance of thesepathogens are reviewed comprehensively. The final section isconcerned with the host and is organized according to the bodysystem affected. Tables, boxes and flow diagrams provide information in an easilyassimilated format. This edition contains new chapters on moleculardiagnostics and on infectious conditions of the skin,cardiovascular system, urinary tract and musculoskeletal system.Many new colour diagrams are incorporated into this edition andeach chapter has been updated. Key features of this edition: Twelve new chapters included Numerous new illustrations Each chapter has been updated Completely re-designed in full colour Fulfils the needs of veterinary students and academics inveterinary microbiology Companion website with figures from the book as Powerpoints forviewing or downloading by chapter: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/quinn/veterinarymicrobiology"www.wiley.com/go/quinn/veterinarymicrobiology/a Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease remainsindispensable for all those studying and teaching this essentialcomponent of the veterinary curriculum.

The Wildlife Techniques Manual

The Wildlife Techniques Manual Book
Author : Nova J. Silvy
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2012-03-01
ISBN : 1421406977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since its original publication in 1960, The Wildlife Techniques Manual has remained the cornerstone text for the professional wildlife biologist. Now fully revised and updated, this seventh edition promises to be the most comprehensive resource on wildlife biology, conservation, and management for years to come. Superbly edited by Nova J. Silvy, the thirty-seven authoritative chapters included in this work provide a full synthesis of methods used in the field and laboratory. Chapter authors, all leading wildlife professionals, explain and critique traditional and new methodologies and offer thorough discussions of a wide range of relevant topics, including: • experimental design • wildlife health and disease • capture techniques • population estimation • telemetry • vegetation analysis • conservation genetics • wildlife damage management • urban wildlife management • habitat conservation planning A standard text in a variety of courses, the Techniques Manual, as it is commonly called, covers every aspect of modern wildlife management and provides practical information for applying the hundreds of methods described in its pages. To effectively incorporate the explosion of new information in the wildlife profession, this latest edition is logically organized into a two-volume set: Volume 1 is devoted to research techniques and Volume 2 focuses on management methodologies. The Wildlife Techniques Manual is a resource that professionals and students in wildlife biology, conservation, and management simply cannot do without. Published in association with The Wildlife Society