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The Riverine Ecosystem Synthesis

The Riverine Ecosystem Synthesis Book
Author : James H. Thorp,Martin C. Thoms,Michael D. Delong
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-27
ISBN : 9780080888002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the most comprehensive model yet for describing the structure and functioning of running freshwater ecosystems. Riverine Ecosystems Synthesis (RES) is a result of combining several theories published in recent decades, dealing with aquatic and terrestrial systems. New analyses are fused with a variety of new perspectives on how river network ecosystems are structured and function, and how they change along longitudinal, lateral, and temporal dimensions. Among these novel perspectives is a dramatically new view of the role of hydrogeomorphic forces in forming functional process zones from headwaters to the mouths of great rivers. Designed as a useful tool for aquatic scientists worldwide whether they work on small streams or great rivers and in forested or semi-arid regions, this book will provide a means for scientists to understand the fundamental and applied aspects of rivers in general and includes a practical guide and protocols for analyzing individual rivers. Specific examples of rivers in at least four continents (Africa, Australia, Europe and North America) serve to illustrate the power and utility of the RES concept. Develops the classic, seminal article in River Research and Applications, "A Model of Biocomplexity in River Networks Across Space and Time" which introduced the RES concept for the first time A guide to the practical analysis of individual rivers, extending its use from pristine ecosystems to modern, human-modified rivers An essential aid both to the study fundamental and applied aspects of rivers, such as rehabilitation, management, monitoring, assessment, and flow manipulation of networks

Riverine Ecosystem Management

Riverine Ecosystem Management Book
Author : Stefan Schmutz,Jan Sendzimir
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-08
ISBN : 3319732501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book surveys the frontier of scientific river research and provides examples to guide management towards a sustainable future of riverine ecosystems. Principal structures and functions of the biogeosphere of rivers are explained; key threats are identified, and effective solutions for restoration and mitigation are provided. Rivers are among the most threatened ecosystems of the world. They increasingly suffer from pollution, water abstraction, river channelisation and damming. Fundamental knowledge of ecosystem structure and function is necessary to understand how human acitivities interfere with natural processes and which interventions are feasible to rectify this. Modern water legislation strives for sustainable water resource management and protection of important habitats and species. However, decision makers would benefit from more profound understanding of ecosystem degradation processes and of innovative methodologies and tools for efficient mitigation and restoration. The book provides best-practice examples of sustainable river management from on-site studies, European-wide analyses and case studies from other parts of the world. This book will be of interest to researchers in the field of aquatic ecology, river system functioning, conservation and restoration, to postgraduate students, to institutions involved in water management, and to water related industries.

Global Change and River Ecosystems Implications for Structure Function and Ecosystem Services

Global Change and River Ecosystems   Implications for Structure  Function and Ecosystem Services Book
Author : R. Jan Stevenson,Sergi Sabater
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-21
ISBN : 9400706081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rivers around the world are threatened by changes in land use, climate, hydrologic cycles, and biodiversity. Global changes in rivers include, but are not restricted to water flow interruptions, temperature increases, loss of hydrological connectivity, altered water residence times, changes in nutrient loads, increasing arrival of new chemicals, simplification of the physical structure of the systems, occurrence of invasive species, and biodiversity losses. All of them affect the structure and functioning of the river ecosystem, and thereby, their ecosystem services. Understanding the responses of river ecosystems and their services to global change is essential for protecting human well being in all corners of the planet. Rivers provide critical benefits by providing food from fisheries and irrigation, regulating biogeochemical balances, and enriching our aesthetic and cultural experience. Predicting responses of rivers to global change is challenged by the complexity of interactions among these man-made drivers across a mosaic of natural hydrogeomorphic and climatic settings. This book explores the broad range of determinants defining global change and their effects on river ecosystems. Authors have provided thoughtful and insightful treatments of specific topics that relate to the broader theme of global change regulation of river ecosystems.

Sustaining River Ecosystems and Water Resources

Sustaining River Ecosystems and Water Resources Book
Author : Ellen Wohl
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-31
ISBN : 3319651242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work is designed to broaden the scope with which many people regard a river. Rivers are commonly regarded from a very simplistic perspective as conduits for downstream flows of water. In this context, it may be considered acceptable and necessary to engineer the channel to either facilitate such flows (e.g., channelization, levees) or limit flows and store water (e.g., water supply reservoirs, flood control). The book presents the concept of a river as a spatially and temporally complex ecosystem that is likely to be disrupted in unexpected and damaging ways by direct river engineering and by human activities throughout a drainage basin. Viewing a river as a complex ecosystem with nonlinear responses to human activities will help to promote a more nuanced and effective approach to managing river ecosystems and to sustaining the water resources that derive from rivers. In this context, water resources refers to ecosystem services including water supply, water quality, flood control, erosion control, and riverine biota (e.g., freshwater fisheries). Chapters in this book draw extensively on existing literature but integrate this literature from a fresh perspective. General principles are expanded upon and illustrated with photographs, line drawings, tables, and brief, site-specific case studies from rivers around the world.

Thorp and Covich s Freshwater Invertebrates

Thorp and Covich s Freshwater Invertebrates Book
Author : James H. Thorp,D. Christopher Rogers
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-09-06
ISBN : 0123850274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Readers familiar with the first three editions of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates (edited by J.H. Thorp and A.P. Covich) will welcome the comprehensive revision and expansion of that trusted professional reference manual and educational textbook from a single North American tome into a developing multi-volume series covering inland water invertebrates of the world. The series entitled Thorp and Covich’s Freshwater Invertebrates (edited by J.H. Thorp) begins with the current Volume I: Ecology and General Biology (edited by J.H. Thorp and D.C. Rogers), which is designed as a companion volume for the remaining books in the series. Those following volumes provide taxonomic coverage for specific zoogeographic regions of the world, starting with Keys to Nearctic Fauna (Vol. II) and Keys to Palaearctic Fauna (Vol. III). Volume I maintains the ecological and general biological focus of the previous editions but now expands coverage globally in all chapters, includes more taxonomic groups (e.g., chapters on individual insect orders), and covers additional functional topics such as invasive species, economic impacts, and functional ecology. As in previous editions, the 4th edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates is designed for use by professionals in universities, government agencies, and private companies as well as by undergraduate and graduate students. Global coverage of aquatic invertebrate ecology Discussions on invertebrate ecology, phylogeny, and general biology written by international experts for each group Separate chapters on invasive species and economic impacts and uses of invertebrates Eight additional chapters on insect orders and a chapter on freshwater millipedes Four new chapters on collecting and culturing techniques, ecology of invasive species, economic impacts, and ecological function of invertebrates Overall expansion of ecology and general biology and a shift of the even more detailed taxonomic keys to other volumes in the projected 9-volume series Identification keys to lower taxonomic levels

Stream Ecology

Stream Ecology Book
Author : J. David Allan,María M. Castillo,Krista A. Capps
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-05
ISBN : 3030612864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stream Ecology: Structure and Function of Running Waters is designed to serve as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and as a reference source for specialists in stream ecology and related fields. This Third Edition is thoroughly updated and expanded to incorporate significant advances in our understanding of environmental factors, biological interactions, and ecosystem processes, and how these vary with hydrological, geomorphological, and landscape setting. The broad diversity of running waters – from torrential mountain brooks, to large, lowland rivers, to great river systems whose basins occupy sub-continents – makes river ecosystems appear overwhelming complex. A central theme of this book is that although the settings are often unique, the processes at work in running waters are general and increasingly well understood. Even as our scientific understanding of stream ecosystems rapidly advances, the pressures arising from diverse human activities continue to threaten the health of rivers worldwide. This book presents vital new findings concerning human impacts, and the advances in pollution control, flow management, restoration, and conservation planning that point to practical solutions. Reviews of the first edition: ".. an unusually lucid and judicious reassessment of the state of stream ecology" Science Magazine "..provides an excellent introduction to the area for advanced undergraduates and graduate students..." Limnology & Oceanography "... a valuable reference for all those interested in the ecology of running waters." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society Reviews of the second edition: "Overall, a must for the field centre and a good starter text in stream ecology." (TEN News, October, 2007) "Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty." (P. R. Pinet, CHOICE, Vol. 45 (7), 2008) "... a very good, fluidly readable book which contains the latest key scientific knowledge of the ecology of running waters." (Daniel Graeber, International Review of Hydrobiology, Vol. 94 (2), 2009)

Comparing Hypotheses Proposed by Two Conceptual Models for Stream Ecology

Comparing Hypotheses Proposed by Two Conceptual Models for Stream Ecology Book
Author : Sean E. Collins
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The broad goal of stream ecology is to understand and predict complex interactions between environmental factors and processes that occur within streams and rivers, such as biological community composition and their interactions, system metabolism (productivity and respiration), and nutrient sources and concentration. Multiple factors are thought to play important roles in these processes including regional environmental conditions (i.e., hydrology, geology, stream form/morphology) and longitudinal position within a stream network (defined by Strahler stream order). In the past, several theoretical concepts have been proposed to attempt to describe and explain how streams behave, and each concept uses various factors weighted differently to characterize streams and gain a better understanding of ecological processes and overall system functions. Here, two differing theories of stream ecology are compared - the River Continuum Concept (RCC) and the Riverine Ecosystem Synthesis (RES). Each of these theories has unique predictions based on either Strahler stream order (SSO; used by the RCC) or functional process zone (FPZ; used by the RES) defined by hydrogeomorphic characteristics. Predictions from both theories were tested across sites representing multiple SSOs and FPZs within the Kanawha River Basin. Measures of environmental heterogeneity (an important concept for differentiating between FPZs) were also assessed. This project has shown that some predictions from both the RCC and the RES are valid. The physical character of the basin is variable; sampling of riverbed substratum at each site revealed that similarities within each FPZ in riverbed composition exist and that each FPZ is distinct. Hydrogeomorphic factors including underlying geology and valley floor width strongly influence the character of the riverbed substratum. The ratio of primary productivity to ecosystem respiration (i.e., a measure of metabolism) aligned with predictions from the RES where potential light availability and environmental heterogeneity were major drivers of this ratio. On the other hand, a "sliding scale" (i.e., one that changes with environmental variables) may be more appropriate for predictions from the RCC as the apparent trend toward higher rates of primary productivity was shifted from mid-order to larger streams. Neither the RCC nor the RES provide clear hypotheses for fluctuations in nutrient concentrations, and changes in these concentrations were not accurately explained by either SSO or FPZ. Finally, results from stable isotope analysis of carbon and nitrogen revealed that consumers in the Kanawha River Basin utilize a combination of aquatic and terrestrial organic carbon. While food web metrics and the proportional dependence upon in-stream and terrestrially derived carbon follow predictions of the RCC more closely, the mechanisms underlying these predictions are not always met. That is, there was no relationship between high measured rates of aquatic primary productivity and low dependence on terrestrial carbon sources. The RES also explains well the shift in organic carbon use from various sources by consumers. Perhaps the best model for understanding these processes is a combination of both concepts. Understanding the reasons for changes in processes and functions within streams and rivers is critical for developing a useful and successful model. It is through this process of model conceptualization, testing, and refining that true advancements in knowledge can take place.

River Futures

River Futures Book
Author : Gary J. Brierley,Kirstie A. Fryirs
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2012-09-26
ISBN : 1610911059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Across much of the industrialized world, rivers that were physically transformed and ecologically ruined to facilitate industrial and agricultural development are now the focus of restoration and rehabilitation efforts. River Futures discusses the emergence of this new era of river repair and documents a comprehensive biophysical framework for river science and management. The book considers what can be done to maximize prospects for improving river health while maintaining or enhancing the provision of ecosystem services over the next fifty to one-hundred years. It provides a holistic overview of considerations that underpin the use of science in river management, emphasizing cross-disciplinary understanding that builds on a landscape template. The book frames the development of integrative river science and its application to river rehabilitation programs develops a coherent set of guiding principles with which to approach integrative river science considers the application of cross-disciplinary thinking in river rehabilitation experiences from around the world examines the crossover between science and management, outlining issues that must be addressed to promote healthier river futures Case studies explore practical applications in different parts of the world, highlighting approaches to the use of integrative river science, measures of success, and steps that could be taken to improve performance in future efforts. River Futures offers a positive, practical, and constructive focus that directly addresses the major challenge of a new era of river conservation and rehabilitation—that of bringing together the diverse and typically discipline-bound sets of knowledge and practices that are involved in repairing rivers. It is a valuable resource for anyone involved in river restoration and management, including restorationists, scientists, managers, and policymakers, as well as undergraduate and graduate students.

Freshwater Fisheries Ecology

Freshwater Fisheries Ecology Book
Author : John F. Craig
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-01-12
ISBN : 1118394402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inland fisheries are vital for the livelihoods and food resources of humans worldwide but their importance is underestimated, probably because large numbers of small, local operators are involved. Freshwater Fisheries Ecology defines what we have globally, what we are going to lose and mitigate for, and what, given the right tools, we can save. To estimate potential production, the dynamics of freshwater ecosystems (rivers, lakes and estuaries) need to be understood. These dynamics are diverse, as are the earths freshwater fisheries resources (from boreal to tropical regions), and these influence how fisheries are both utilized and abused. Three main types of fisheries are illustrated within the book: artisanal, commercial and recreational, and the tools which have evolved for fisheries governance and management, including assessment methods, are described. The book also covers in detail fisheries development, providing information on improving fisheries through environmental and habitat evaluation, enhancement and rehabilitation, aquaculture, genetically modified fishes and sustainability. The book thoroughly reviews the negative impacts on fisheries including excessive harvesting, climate change, toxicology, impoundments, barriers and abstractions, non-native species and eutrophication. Finally, key areas of future research are outlined. Freshwater Fisheries Ecology is truly a landmark publication, containing contributions from over 100 leading experts and supported by the Fisheries Society of the British Isles. The global approach makes this book essential reading for fish biologists, fisheries scientists and ecologists and upper level students in these disciplines. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological and fisheries sciences are studied and taught should have multiple copies of this hugely valuable resource. About the Editor John Craig is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Fish Biology and has an enormous range of expertise and a wealth of knowledge of freshwater fishes and their ecology, having studied them around the globe, including in Asia, North America, Africa, the Middle East and Europe. His particular interests have been in population dynamics and life history strategies. He is a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London and the Royal Society of Biology.

Hydroecology and Ecohydrology

Hydroecology and Ecohydrology Book
Author : Paul J. Wood,David M. Hannah,Jonathan P. Sadler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-02-28
ISBN : 9780470010181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This state-of-the-art, research level text considers the growing volume of research at the interface of hydrology and ecology and focuses on: the evolution of hydroecology / ecohydrology process understanding hydroecological interactions, dynamics and linkages methodological approaches detailed case studies future research needs The editors and contributors are internationally recognised experts in hydrology and ecology from institutions across North America, South America, Australia, and Europe. Chapters provide a broad geographical coverage and bridge the traditional subject divide between hydrology and ecology. The book considers a range of organisms (plants, invertebrates and fish), provides a long-term perspective on contemporary and palaeo-systems, and emphasises wider research implications with respect to environmental and water resource management. Hydroecology and Ecohydrology is an indispensable resource for academics and postgraduate researchers in departments of physical geography, earth sciences, environmental science, environmental management, civil engineering, water resource management, biology, zoology, botany and ecology. It is also of interest to professionals working within environmental consultancies, organizations and national agencies.

Environmental Flows

Environmental Flows Book
Author : Angela Arthington
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2012-10-15
ISBN : 0520953452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Flows describes the timing, quality, and quantity of water flows required to sustain freshwater and estuarine ecosystems and the human well-being and livelihoods that depend upon them. It answers crucial questions about the flow of water within and between different kinds of ecosystems. What happens when the flow or the availability of water is curtailed or diverted, either naturally or by human activity? How will climate change alter the availability of water and impact aquatic ecosystems? Methodological developments from the simplest hydrological formulas to large-scale frameworks that inform water management make this book a must-read for water managers and freshwater and estuarine ecologists contending with ever-changing conditions influencing the flow of water.

River Science

River Science Book
Author : David J. Gilvear,Malcolm T. Greenwood,Martin C. Thoms,Paul J. Wood
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-02
ISBN : 111864350X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

River Science is a rapidly developing interdisciplinary field at the interface of the natural sciences, engineering and socio-political sciences. It recognises that the sustainable management of contemporary rivers will increasingly require new ways of characterising them to enable engagement with the diverse range of stakeholders. This volume represents the outcome of research by many of the authors and their colleagues over the last 40 years and demonstrates the integral role that River Science now plays in underpinning our understanding of the functioning of natural ecosystems, and how societal demands and historic changes have affected these systems. The book will inform academics, policy makers and society in general of the benefits of healthy functioning riverine systems, and will increase awareness of the wide range of ecosystem goods and services they provide.

River Health and Ecology in South Asia

River Health and Ecology in South Asia Book
Author : Bidhan Chandra Patra,Pravat Kumar Shit,Gouri Sankar Bhunia,Manojit Bhattacharya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-02
ISBN : 3030835537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume reviews recent hydrological and environmental issues resulting from human-induced water pollution practices while providing case studies on the physical, chemical, and eco-biological techniques used to mitigate the impacts of river ecosystem pollution in South Asian countries. The book demonstrates the key methods of measurement, monitoring, mapping, and modeling of river water quality and how it is impacted by pollution and incorporates contemporary geospatial technological applications for the management and sustainability of future water resources. The major topics that the book addresses are the fundamental concepts of river ecosystem health, riverine ecology and habitats, risk assessment of riverine pollution, and technology-based river pollution control strategies. The book will serve as an interdisciplinary guide for researchers, students, and GIS specialists working in various disciplines, including pollution hazards, river ecosystem restoration, water quality, remote sensing, zoology, natural resources management, and environmental geography.

River Confluences Tributaries and the Fluvial Network

River Confluences  Tributaries and the Fluvial Network Book
Author : Stephen Rice,Andre Roy,Bruce Rhoads
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-07-31
ISBN : 0470760370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

River Confluences and the Fluvial Network brings together state of the art thinking on confluence dynamics tributary impacts and the links between processes at these scales and river network functions. The book is unique in focus, content, scope and in bringing together engineering, ecological and geomorphological approaches to the three key areas of river system science. Taking a global approach this multi-authored text features a team of carefully selected, internationally renowned, experts who have all contributed significantly to recent ground breaking advancements in the field. Each chapter includes a comprehensive review of work to date highlighting recent discoveries and the main thrust of knowledge, previously unpublished research and case studies, challenges and questions, detailed references as well as a forward looking assessment of the state of the science.

Ecology of Australian Freshwater Fishes

Ecology of Australian Freshwater Fishes Book
Author : Paul Humphries,Keith Walker
Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
Release : 2013-04-10
ISBN : 0643097449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews our past and present understanding of Australian freshwater fishes.

River Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics RCEM 2009 Two Volume Set

River  Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics  RCEM 2009  Two Volume Set Book
Author : Carlos Vionnet,Marcelo H. Garcia,E.M. Latrubesse,G.M.E. Perillo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1482266601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coastal, estuarine, fluvial and submarine morphodynamics encompass some of the leading processes shaping our planet. They stem mainly, but not only, from the interaction of water in motion and movable sediment boundaries, resulting in morphological changes produced by erosion, transport and deposition of sediments that generate a variety of landsca

Environmental Law and Contrasting Ideas of Nature

Environmental Law and Contrasting Ideas of Nature Book
Author : Keith H. Hirokawa
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-07-17
ISBN : 1107033470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines how nature is constructed through law, building on the constructivist concept that 'nature' is a self-perpetuating, self-reinforcing social creation.

Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates

Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates Book
Author : James H. Thorp,Alan P. Covich
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0123748550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates continues the tradition of in-depth coverage of the biology, ecology, phylogeny, and identification of freshwater invertebrates from the USA and Canada. This text serves as an authoritative single source for a broad coverage of the anatomy, physiology, ecology, and phylogeny of all major groups of invertebrates in inland waters of North America, north of Mexico.

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity Book
Author : Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh A. Eslamian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 1351851160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines the environmental aspects of drought such as groundwater and soil contamination, river low-flow, urban water quality, and desertification. It also examines the effects of climate change and variability on drought, and discusses the differences in groundwater, rainfall, and temperatures and their related effects. It presents analytical modeling for better understanding drought in uncertain and changing climates.

River Basin Management

River Basin Management Book
Author : Daniel Bucur
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-08-10
ISBN : 9535126040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many of the challenges facing farmers and human communities from hydrographical basins are not new. But, due to the fact that the nature and extents of the problems vary from one region to another and from one basin to another, the responses are highly diversified. There is no generally valid solution for all the problems. However, in addressing issues on ensuring the prevention or mitigation of the destructive consequences of flood damage or prolonged drought as for the optimal use of water by consumers, sustainable basin land use, biodiversity conservation, and environment protection as well, fourteen specialists and their colleagues present the state of the art in these important matters and new possible solutions to solve, identified from the scientific investigations undertaken.