The Pupil Behavior Anatomy Physiology And Clinical Biomarkers

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Biomarkers in Drug Development

Biomarkers in Drug Development
  • Author : Michael R. Bleavins,Claudio Carini,Mallé Jurima-Romet,Ramin Rahbari
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-09-20
  • ISBN : 1118210425
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Discover how biomarkers can boost the success rate of drugdevelopment efforts As pharmaceutical companies struggle to improve the success rateand cost-effectiveness of the drug development process, biomarkershave emerged as a valuable tool. This book synthesizes and reviewsthe latest efforts to identify, develop, and integrate biomarkersas a key strategy in translational medicine and the drugdevelopment process. Filled with case studies, the bookdemonstrates how biomarkers can improve drug development timelines,lower costs, facilitate better compound selection, reducelate-stage attrition, and open the door to personalizedmedicine. Biomarkers in Drug Development is divided into eightparts: Part One offers an overview of biomarkers and their role in drugdevelopment. Part Two highlights important technologies to help researchersidentify new biomarkers. Part Three examines the characterization and validation processfor both drugs and diagnostics, and provides practical advice onappropriate statistical methods to ensure that biomarkers fulfilltheir intended purpose. Parts Four through Six examine the application of biomarkers indiscovery, preclinical safety assessment, clinical trials, andtranslational medicine. Part Seven focuses on lessons learned and the practical aspectsof implementing biomarkers in drug development programs. Part Eight explores future trends and issues, including dataintegration, personalized medicine, and ethical concerns. Each of the thirty-eight chapters was contributed by one or moreleading experts, including scientists from biotechnology andpharmaceutical firms, academia, and the U.S. Food and DrugAdministration. Their contributions offer pharmaceutical andclinical researchers the most up-to-date understanding of thestrategies used for and applications of biomarkers in drugdevelopment.

Biomarkers in Cancer Screening and Early Detection

Biomarkers in Cancer Screening and Early Detection
  • Author : Sudhir Srivastava
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-06-07
  • ISBN : 1118468821
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Prepared by world leaders on this topic, Biomarkers in Cancer Screening and Early Detection offers a comprehensive, state-of-the-art perspective on the various research and clinical aspects of cancer biomarkers, from their discovery and development to their validation, clinical utility, and use in developing personalized cancer treatment. Offers a comprehensive, state-of-the-art perspective on the various research and clinical aspects of cancer biomarkers Provides immediately actionable information – and hopefully also inspiration – to move discovery and clinical application forward Offers vital knowledge to help develop personalized cancer treatment for individual patients with specific cancers

Analysis of Biomarker Data

Analysis of Biomarker Data
  • Author : Stephen W. Looney,Joseph L. Hagan
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-01-23
  • ISBN : 1118552466
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

A “how to” guide for applying statistical methods to biomarker data analysis Presenting a solid foundation for the statistical methods that are used to analyze biomarker data, Analysis of Biomarker Data: A Practical Guide features preferred techniques for biomarker validation. The authors provide descriptions of select elementary statistical methods that are traditionally used to analyze biomarker data with a focus on the proper application of each method, including necessary assumptions, software recommendations, and proper interpretation of computer output. In addition, the book discusses frequently encountered challenges in analyzing biomarker data and how to deal with them, methods for the quality assessment of biomarkers, and biomarker study designs. Covering a broad range of statistical methods that have been used to analyze biomarker data in published research studies, Analysis of Biomarker Data: A Practical Guide also features: A greater emphasis on the application of methods as opposed to the underlying statistical and mathematical theory The use of SAS®, R, and other software throughout to illustrate the presented calculations for each example Numerous exercises based on real-world data as well as solutions to the problems to aid in reader comprehension The principles of good research study design and the methods for assessing the quality of a newly proposed biomarker A companion website that includes a software appendix with multiple types of software and complete data sets from the book’s examples Analysis of Biomarker Data: A Practical Guide is an ideal upper-undergraduate and graduate-level textbook for courses in the biological or environmental sciences. An excellent reference for statisticians who routinely analyze and interpret biomarker data, the book is also useful for researchers who wish to perform their own analyses of biomarker data, such as toxicologists, pharmacologists, epidemiologists, environmental and clinical laboratory scientists, and other professionals in the health and environmental sciences.

Biomarkers

Biomarkers
  • Author : Vishal S. Vaidya,Joseph V. Bonventre
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-10-28
  • ISBN : 9780470918555
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to the field of biomarkers, how they have been and can be used, and how different approaches can be used to identify, characterize, and monitor biomarkers. The book has chapters on topics including HIV, Cancer, Parkinson’s, vascular injury, environmental exposure. A following section discusses the technologies (diagnostics and assays) to detect biomarkers and authors have emphasized the preclinical and clinical manifestation of the injury/disease process.

Basic Sciences for MCEM

Basic Sciences for MCEM
  • Author : Chetan Trivedy,Matthew Hall,Harold Ellis
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-05-15
  • ISBN : 0340985011
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book is a dedicated resource for those sitting the Part A of the MCEM (Membership of the College of Emergency Medicine) examination. It forms an essential revision guide for emergency trainees who need to acquire a broad understanding of the basic sciences, which underpin their approach to clinical problems in the emergency department. Common clinical scenarios are used to highlight the essential underlying basic science principles, providing a link between clinical management and a knowledge of the underlying anatomical, physiological, pathological and biochemical processes. Multiple choice questions with reasoned answers are used to confirm the candidates understanding and for self testing. Unlike other recent revision books which provide MCQ questions with extended answers, this book uses clinical cases linked to the most recent basic science aspects of the CEM syllabus to provide a book that not only serves as a useful revision resource for the Part A component of the MCEM examination, but also a unique way of understanding the processes underlying common clinical cases seen every day in the emergency department. This book is essential for trainees sitting the Part A of the MCEM exam and for clinicians and medical students who need to refresh their knowledge of basic sciences relevant to the management of clinical emergencies.

Predictive Approaches in Drug Discovery and Development

Predictive Approaches in Drug Discovery and Development
  • Author : J. Andrew Williams,Richard Lalonde,Jeffrey R. Koup,David D. Christ
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-02-14
  • ISBN : 1118230264
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Practical Utility of Biomarkers in Drug Discovery and Development covers all aspects of biomarker research applied to drug discovery and development and contains state-of-the-art appraisals on the practical utility of genomic, biochemical, and protein biomarkers. Case histories and lessons from successful and unsuccessful applications of biomarkers are included along with key chapters on GLP validation, safety biomarkers and proteomics biomarkers. Regulatory agency perspectives and initiatives both in the US and internationally are also discussed.

Biomarkers for Antioxidant Defense and Oxidative Damage

Biomarkers for Antioxidant Defense and Oxidative Damage
  • Author : Giancarlo Aldini,Kyung-Jin Yeum,Etsuo Niki,Robert M. Russell
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-06-09
  • ISBN : 0470961759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Biomarkers for Antioxidant Defense and Oxidative Damage: Principles and Practical Applications critically evaluates the basic concepts and methodologies of conventional biomarkers as well as current state-of-the-art assays for measuring antioxidant activity/oxidative stress and their practical applications. . Biomarkers for Antioxidant Defense and Oxidative Damage: Principles and Practical Applications will be of a great interest to scientists who are involved in basic research on oxidation, applied scientists evaluating the effects of nutraceuticals or pharmaceutical compounds on antioxidant activity/oxidative stress, and physicians who want to understand the degree of oxidative damage in patients with certain chronic diseases. Discovering sensitive and specific biomarkers for systemic oxidative damage is essential to understand the role of oxidative stress in human disease. Once these roles are clearly understood, we are able to identify novel drug and nutraceutical targets. This volume goes beyond conventional analytical methods of measuring overall antioxidant activity and provides insight to the discovery of biomarkers that reveal information on specific areas of oxidative stress. Contributed by an international list of experts, Biomarkers for Antioxidant Defense and Oxidative Damage: Principles and Practical Applications describes both conventional biomarkers and recent developments in this area. Special Features: Discusses conventional biomarkers as well as recent advances for measuring antioxidants and oxidative stress Biomarkers for lipid peroxidation: isoprostane, hydroxyloctadecaenoic acid, oxysterols, and reactive carbonyl species from lipid peroxidation Biomarkers for protein oxidation: carbonylation, tyrosine oxidation, ubiquitin-conjugation Biomarkers for DNA oxidative damage: comet assay, hydroxylated nucleotides, and exocylcic DNA adducts Recently developed biomarkers from cutting-edge technology