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The Psychology And Sociology Of Wrongful Convictions

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The Psychology and Sociology of Wrongful Convictions

The Psychology and Sociology of Wrongful Convictions Book
Author : Wendy J Koen,C. Michael Bowers
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06-26
ISBN : 0128027029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wrongful convictions are the result of faulty or false scientific evidence in 50% of the cases. Defense counsel is often at a great disadvantage in defending against evidence based on science. Illusory Evidence: The Psychology and Sociology of Wrongful Convictions is written for the non-scientist, to make complicated scientific information clear and concise enough for attorneys and judges to master. This is obtained by providing case studies to simplify issues in forensic psychology for the legal professional. Increases the courts’ knowledge about areas of psychology that have been debunked, have advanced, or have been refined by the scientific community Covers issues in psychological forensics, namely: Profiling, Psychological Defenses, Mitigation, Eyewitness Testimony/Identification, Child Testimony, Repressed Memories, False Confessions and Moral Panic Trains prosecuting attorneys about the present state of the forensic psychology, to avoid relying only on legal precedent and will not present flawed science to the court Provides defense attorneys the knowledge necessary to competently defend where forensic psychology plays a part in a prosecution Arms innocence projects and appellate attorneys with the latest information to challenge convictions Uses case studies to simplify issues in forensic psychology for the legal professional

WRONGFUL CONVICTION

WRONGFUL CONVICTION Book
Author : John A. Humphrey,Kaitlyn M. Clarke
Publisher : Charles C Thomas Publisher
Release : 2018-01-04
ISBN : 0398092060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The magnitude of wrongful conviction is increasing across the country and around the world, with individuals arrested, convicted, and incarcerated for extended periods of time. This book provides an understanding of legal remedies, organizational reforms, and policy changes that have been proposed and implemented. In various jurisdictions, these procedures reduce the likelihood of a wrongful conviction. Legal and organizational reforms and changes in criminal justice policy are considered at three key junctures of the process: (1) the investigation, evidence gathering, and forensic analysis, (2) prosecutorial decision-making, and (3) the judicial review and exoneration of a wrongfully convicted defendant. Each chapter opens with a wrongful case vignette that illustrates the reform strategies being considered. The investigatory process is studied on each case, and the police process is analyzed in detail. Part 1 includes the introductory chapter that provides an overview of wrongful convictions, and the investigatory process routinely employed to gather evidence and identify a suspect. The analysis of forensic evidence is explored, including the chain of custody, contamination of the evidence, misinterpretation, and the falsification of forensic reports. Part 2 focuses on the prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges and juries. Plea bargaining strategies, coaching witnesses, violations of the rules of discovery, use of jailhouse snitches, inadequate defense counseling, lack of preparation and adequate resources are examined. Part 3 analyzes the processes involved in the reversal of wrongful convictions, the judicial review, and obstacles encountered in the exoneration process. In addition, the authors provide a thorough analytical overview of the criminal justice processes involved in wrongful conviction and the reforms that are needed to prevent and reverse injustices. This book is an invaluable resource for prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, advocates for the wrongfully convicted, criminal justice policymakers, law and society, and will contribute to academic courses in the fields of criminology and justice.

Overturning Wrongful Convictions

Overturning Wrongful Convictions Book
Author : Elizabeth A. Murray
Publisher : Twenty-First Century Books
Release : 2015-03-01
ISBN : 1467763071
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Imagine being wrongfully convicted of a crime and spending years behind bars. Since 1989 more than 1,400 Americans who experienced this injustice have been exonerated. Readers will examine real accounts and learn about organizations dedicated to righting these wrongs.

Wrongful Convictions and Miscarriages of Justice

Wrongful Convictions and Miscarriages of Justice Book
Author : C. Ronald Huff,Martin Killias
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0415539935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This innovative work builds on Huff and Killiase(tm) earlier publication (2008), but is broader and more thoroughly comparative in a number of important ways:ee (1) while focusing heavily on wrongful convictions, it places the subject of wrongful convictions in the broader contextual framework of miscarriages of justice and provides discussions of different types of miscarriages of justice that have not previously received much scholarly attention by criminologists; (2) it addresses, in much greater detail, the questions of how, and how often, wrongful convictions occur; (3) it provides more in-depth consideration of the role of forensic science in helping produce wrongful convictions and in helping free those who have been wrongfully convicted; (4) it offers new insights into the origins and current progress of the innocence movement, as well as the challenges that await the exonerated when they return to "free" society; (5) it assesses the impact of the use of alternatives to trials (especially plea bargains in the U.S. and summary proceedings and penal orders in Europe) in producing wrongful convictions; (6) it considers how the U.S. and Canada have responded to 9/11 and the increased threat of terrorism by enacting legislation and adopting policies that may exacerbate the problem of wrongful conviction; and (7) it provides in-depth considerations of two topics related to wrongful conviction:ee voluntary false confessions and convictions which, although technically not wrongful since they are based on law violations, represent another type of miscarriage of justice since they are due solely to unjust laws resulting from political repression.ee

Tracing Technologies

Tracing Technologies Book
Author : Helena Machado,Barbara Prainsack
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-02-24
ISBN : 1317008650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The real heroes of television crime shows in the twenty-first century are no longer police detectives but forensic technologies. The immense popularity of high-tech crime television shows has changed the way in which crime scene work is viewed. The term 'CSI-effect' was coined to signify a situation where people's views and practices have been influenced by such media representations, e.g. judges and jurors putting more weight on forensic evidence that has been produced with high-tech tools - in particular, DNA evidence - than on other kinds of evidence. While considerable scholarly attention has been paid to examining the CSI effect on publics, jurors, judges, and police investigators, prisoners' views on forensic technologies and policing have been under-explored. Drawing on a research sample of over 50 interviews carried out with prisoners in Portugal and Austria, this groundbreaking book shows how prisoners view crime scene traces, how they understand crime scene technologies, and what effect they attribute to the existence of large police databases on their own lives, careers, and futures. Through critically engaging with STS, sociological and criminological perspectives on the use of DNA technologies within the criminal justice system, this work provides the reader with valuable insights into the effect of different legal, political, discursive, and historical configurations on how crime scene technologies are utilized by the police and related to by convicted offenders.

Sociology and Social Research

Sociology and Social Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes the section "Book notes".

Sociological Abstracts

Sociological Abstracts Book
Author : Leo P. Chall
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Essentials of Sociology

Essentials of Sociology Book
Author : David B. Brinkerhoff,Lynn K. White
Publisher : Thomson
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780534626778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Essentials of Sociology book written by David B. Brinkerhoff,Lynn K. White, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Criminal Procedures

Criminal Procedures Book
Author : Marc Louis Miller,Ronald F. Wright
Publisher : Aspen Law & Business
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now 400 pages shorter, with greater emphasis on U.S. Supreme Court cases, Criminal Procedures: Cases, Statutes, and Executive Materials, enters its Second Edition as an even stronger casebook, responsive to teacher's needs.The authors cover both police-citizen interaction (investigation) and appeals (adjudication) in an efficient and effective format: - traditional organization and coverage, with a demonstration of the relationship of important federal cases to state law and practice - cases chosen for their historical value and contemporary appeal - a rich selection of materials includes primary materials from U.S. Supreme Court cases, state high court cases, statutes, rules of procedure, police and prosecutorial policies, and social science studies - new materials highlight procedural variety, focus on real process topics, provide political context, and consider the impact of procedures on the various parties involvedThe major changes made to the casebook reflect extensive consultation with users: - the authors have highlighted the role of the U.S. Supreme Court in criminal procedure and doubled the number of Supreme Court cases in the section on Gathering Information - a new chapter is dedicated to the topic of Habeas Corpus - among the new cases are Apprendi v. New Jersey, City of Chicago v. Jesus Morales, Illinois v. Wardlow, People v. Robinson, City of Indianapolis v. Edmond, States v. Bobic, Bond v. United States, United States v. Ruiz, Richards v. Wisconsin, California v. Charles Acevedo, Kyllo v. United States, and Alabama v. Shelton - new documents include the highly provocative Interim Report of the State Police Review Team Regarding Allegations ofRacial Profiling on the activities of state troopers assigned to patrol the New Jersey Turnpike - the extensive Teacher's Manual has been fully revised to correspond to the new text but retains the popular chapter overviews, suggestions for pacing, teaching strategies, and sample syllabi - a password-protected website for instructors provides an electronic version of the Teacher's Manual, with additional teaching materials - a separate website for students presents practice problems, sample exams, articles, a virtual library, and chapters on forfeiture and race and punishment that are not included in the Second EditionInstructors love this book because it explores the full range of legal arguments and institutions that students will encounter. Students love this book because it is lively and well organized. Spend some time examining Criminal Procedures: Cases, Statutes, and Executive Materials, Second Edition, and see for yourself the strengths of this new edition.

Introduction to Sociology

Introduction to Sociology Book
Author : Henry L. Tischler
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 2001-12-06
ISBN : 9780155050860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised edition of Tischler's INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY continues a tradition of providing proven textbooks to students and professors at lower prices. This value is enhanced with the inclusion of the built-in study guide and practice tests. The author threads two basic ideas through the text--that sociology is a rigorous, scientific discipline and that a basic knowledge of sociology is essential for understanding social interaction in many work and social settings. Each chapter progresses from a specific to a general analysis of society--each part introducing increasingly more comprehensive factors necessary for a broad-based understanding of social organization.

Psychology and Law

Psychology and Law Book
Author : Andreas Kapardis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780521531610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the authoritative work for students and professionals in psychology and law.

Colorado Lawyer

Colorado Lawyer Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Colorado Lawyer book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Sociology of Law

The Sociology of Law Book
Author : Brian E. Burtch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Sociology of Law book written by Brian E. Burtch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Social Psychology Quarterly

Social Psychology Quarterly Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes theoretical and empirical papers on topics in social psychology including sociometry. Publishes works by both sociologists and psychologists.

Essentials of Sociology a Down to earth Approach Canadian Edition Study Guide

Essentials of Sociology   a Down to earth Approach  Canadian Edition  Study Guide Book
Author : James M. Henslin,Gwendolyn E. Nyden,Adie Nelson
Publisher : Scarborough, Ont. : Prentice-Hall Allyn & Bacon Canada
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780205269884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Essentials of Sociology a Down to earth Approach Canadian Edition Study Guide book written by James M. Henslin,Gwendolyn E. Nyden,Adie Nelson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sociology 2001 2002

Sociology  2001 2002 Book
Author : Kurt Finsterbusch
Publisher : McGraw-Hill College
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780072433210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This annually updated reader is a compilation of articles from current newspapers, magazines, and journals. The articles cover tribal cultures; socialization and social control; social inequalities; and social changes. Dushkin Online (www.dushkin.com/online/) is a student Web site which supports Annual Editions titles and provides students with study tips and links to related sites.

Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime

Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime Book
Author : Margit E. Oswald,Steffen Bieneck,Jorg Hupfeld-Heinemann
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2009-04-20
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, research interest has increased both in the needs of punishment by the public and in the psychological processes underlying decisions on sentencing. This comprehensive look at the social psychology of punishment focuses on recent advances, and presents new findings based on the authors’ own empirical research. Chapters explore the application of social psychology and social cognitive theories to decision making in the context of punishments by judges and the punitiveness of laymen. The book also highlights the different legal systems in the UK, US and Europe, discussing how attitudes to punishment can change in the context of cultural and social development.

Criminal justice review

Criminal justice review Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Criminal justice review book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Public Library Catalog

Public Library Catalog Book
Author : Juliette Yaakov
Publisher : Hw Wilson Company
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

**** Cited in Sheehy and Walford. A core working tool for acquisitions librarians, reference librarians, and catalogers in public and undergraduate libraries, the Catalog is a list of recommended reference and nonfiction books for adults, published quinquennially with annual supplements for the intervening years. The titles are classified by subject and include complete bibliographical data as well as descriptive and critical annotations. This edition consists of 7,735 titles and 3,999 analytical entries. Some 4,000 additional titles will appear in the four supplements. In addition to the main classified catalog, there is a comprehensive author, title, subject, and analytical index, and a directory of publishers and distributors. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Progress in Applied Social Psychology

Progress in Applied Social Psychology Book
Author : G. M. Stephenson,James H. Davis
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 1984-08-07
ISBN : 9780471903611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Progress in Applied Social Psychology book written by G. M. Stephenson,James H. Davis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.