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The Properties Of Water And Their Role In Colloidal And Biological Systems

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The Properties of Water and Their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems

The Properties of Water and Their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems Book
Author : Carel J. Van Oss
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008-11-19
ISBN : 0123743036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book also treats the surface properties of apolar and polar molecules, polymers, particles and cells, as well as their mutual interaction energies, when immersed in water, under the influence of the three prevailing non-covalent forces, i.e., Lewis acid-base (AB), Lifshitz-van der Waals (LW) and electrical double layer (EL) interactions. The polar AB interactions, be they attractive or repulsive, typically represent up to 90% of the total interaction energies occurring in water. Thus the addition of AB energies to the LW + EL energies of the classical DLVO theory of energy vs. distance analysis makes this powerful tool (the Extended DLVO theory) applicable to the quantitative study of the stability of particle suspensions in water.-

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine Book
Author : Costica Caizer,Mahendra Rai
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-09-08
ISBN : 1119754747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine Explores the application of magnetic nanoparticles in drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging, and alternative cancer therapy Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine addresses recent progress in improving diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and using non-invasive and non-toxic magnetic nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery and magnetic hyperthermia. Focusing on cancer diagnosis and alternative therapy, the book covers both fundamental principles and advanced theoretical and experimental research on the magnetic properties, biocompatibilization, biofunctionalization, and application of magnetic nanoparticles in nanobiotechnology and nanomedicine. Chapters written by a panel of international specialists in the field of magnetic nanoparticles and their applications in biomedicine cover magnetic hyperthermia (MHT), MRI contrast agents, biomedical imaging, modeling and simulation, nanobiotechnology, toxicity issues, and more. Readers are provided with accurate information on the use of magnetic nanoparticles in diagnosis, drug delivery, and alternative cancer therapeutics—featuring discussion of current problems, proposed solutions, and future research directions. Topics include current applications of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in nanomedicine and alternative cancer therapy: drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging, superparamagnetic hyperthermia as alternative cancer therapy, magnetic hyperthermia in clinical trials, and simulating the physics of magnetic particle heating for cancer therapy. This comprehensive volume: Covers both general research on magnetic nanoparticles in medicine and specific applications in cancer therapeutics Discusses the use of magnetic nanoparticles in alternative cancer therapy by magnetic and superparamagnetic hyperthermia Explores targeted medication delivery using magnetic nanoparticles as a future replacement of conventional techniques Reviews the use of MRI with magnetic nanoparticles to increase the diagnostic accuracy of medical imaging Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine is a valuable resource for researchers in the fields of nanomagnetism, magnetic nanoparticles, nanobiomaterials, nanobioengineering, biopharmaceuticals nanobiotechnologies, nanomedicine, and biopharmaceuticals, particularly those focused on alternative cancer diagnosis and therapeutics.

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles Book
Author : Eric Lee
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 0128052651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles discusses the electrophoretic and diffusiophoretic motions of various colloidal entities, such as rigid particles, liquid droplets, gas bubbles, and porous particles, focusing on the motion-deterring double-layer polarization effect pertinent to highly charged particles, with the lowly charged ones serving as the limiting cases. Boundary effects such as those from a cylindrical pore, a solid plane, or an air-water interface are analyzed as well for the electrophoretic motion of the various particles considered. Dynamic electrophoresis is also explored and treated. The contents are suitable for researchers, graduate students, or senior college students with some basic background of colloid science and transport phenomena. As there is no closed-form analytical formula in general for the situation of highly charged particles, the results are presented with extensive figures and plots as well as tables under various electrokinetic situations of interest to facilitate the possible use of interested readers. Provides a reliable quantitative prediction of highly charged particles motion with easy-to-apply charts and in-depth understanding of the underlying mechanisms Offers an extensive treatment of direct quantitative predication for non-rigid systems, such as porous particles, liquid drops, and gels, which is especially valuable in proteins and DNA research Discusses highly charged systems with a nearby boundary of practical interests, such as a pore, a solid plane, or an air-water interface, which is of vital interest in fields such as microfluidic operations and biomedical engineering Affords special attention to the polarization effect

Self Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles

Self Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles Book
Author : Shafigh Mehraeen
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-11-04
ISBN : 1789239605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Top-down approaches are currently the main contributor of fabricating microelectronic devices. However, the prohibitive cost of numerous technological steps in these approaches is the main obstacle to further progress. Furthermore, a large number of applications necessitate fabrication of complex and ultra-small devices that cannot be made using these approaches. New approaches based on natural self-assembly of matter need to be developed to allow for fabrication of micro and nanoelectronic devices. Self-assembly of nanostructures is a dynamic field, which explores physics of these structures and new ways to fabricate them. However, the major problem is how to control the properties of the nanostructures resulting from low dimensionality. This book presents recent advances made to address this problem, and fabricate nanostructures using self-assembly.

Essentials in Modern HPLC Separations

Essentials in Modern HPLC Separations Book
Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu,Victor David
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-11-08
ISBN : 0123850142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essentials in Modern HPLC Separations discusses the role of separation in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This up-to-date reference systematically covers new developments in types and characteristics of stationary phases, mobile phases, and other factors of this technique that influence separation of compounds being analyzed. The volume also considers the selection process for stationary and mobile phases in relation to the molecules being separated and examined, as well as their matrices. The book includes a section on the contemporary applications of HPLC, particularly the analysis of pharmaceutical and biological samples, food and beverages, environmental samples, and more. Discusses key parameters in HPLC separation Describes interrelation between various HPLC features (solvent pressure, separation, detection) Includes a large number of references

Adsorption Fundamental Processes and Applications

Adsorption  Fundamental Processes and Applications Book
Author : Mehrorang Ghaedi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-19
ISBN : 0128188081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 33 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the great technological importance of adsorption and describes how adsorbents are used on a large scale as desiccants, catalysts, catalyst supports, in the separation of gases, the purification of liquids, pollution control, and in respiratory protection. Finally, it explores how adsorption phenomena play a vital role in many solid-state reactions and biological mechanisms, as well as stressing the importance of the widespread use of adsorption techniques in the characterization of surface properties and the texture of fine powders. Covers the fundamental aspects of adsorption process engineering Reviews the environmental impact of key aquatic pollutants Discusses and analyzes the importance of adsorption processes for water treatment Highlights opportunity areas for adsorption process intensification Edited by a world-leading researcher in interface science

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology Book
Author : Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh,Mohammad S. Sajadi,Monireh Atarod,Mohaddeseh Sajjadi,Zahra Isaabadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-01
ISBN : 0128135875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology, Volume 28, provides students, scientists and chemical engineers with an overview of several types of nanostructures, discusses the synthesis and characterization of nanostructures, and provides applications of nanotechnology in daily life. The book offers a foundation to green nanotechnology by explaining why green nanotechnology is important. Covers biological sources in green nanotechnology, antioxidants, green nanostructures, mechanism, synthesis and characterization. The book ends with an evaluation of the risks of nanotechnology in human life and future perspectives. Introduces novel sources of plants having a high potential to be used as bio media to synthesize nanostructures Provides phytochemical properties and antioxidant potential, and their effects on stability, morphology and size of green nanostructures Includes a medicinal and technological comparison of green synthesized nanostructures to nano-products from non-green methods Uses accessible language, avoiding complex concepts of mathematics, biology and chemistry

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation Book
Author : Changlun Chen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-25
ISBN : 0081027761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation: Principles and Methodologies, Volume 29 provides an overview of the most important radionuclide sources in the environment, their interaction with environmental media, and appropriate remediation techniques. The book focuses on the assessment of radionuclide sorption behavior in contaminated sites and the synthesis of new materials for radionuclides remediation through sorption concepts. Chapters investigate the main interaction mechanisms between toxic/radioactive metal ions with natural and manmade materials, natural clay minerals and oxides, and novel nanomaterials, such as ordered mesoporous silicas, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metal-organic framework-based materials. Techniques and models discussed include kinetics analysis, thermodynamic analysis, surface complexation models, spectroscopic techniques, and theoretical calculations. Provides a systemic discussion on the interactions between toxic and radioactive metal ions and natural and manmade materials Helps to select the best approach to remove toxic/radioactive metal ions from a surface Edited by a scientific authority in toxic/radioactive metal ion interactions

Photocatalysis Fundamental Processes and Applications

Photocatalysis  Fundamental Processes and Applications Book
Author : Mehrorang Ghaedi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-19
ISBN : 0128188073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 32 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the fundamental aspects of photocatalysis and its process and applications to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon. The book discusses the fundamental aspects of all applications together with their proper mechanisms, thus providing essential information for deep research in the area of clean environment and green energy production. Provides background on the fundamental and experimental processes of photocatalysis Covers photocatalysis and its impact on creating a clean environment and energy sources Applies photocatalysis to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon Edited by a world-leading researcher in interface science

Surface Science of Photocatalysis

Surface Science of Photocatalysis Book
Author : Jiaguo Yu,Mietek Jaroniec,Chuanjia Jiang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-28
ISBN : 0081028911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface Science of Photocatalysis, Volume 32, summarizes significant findings on the surface science behind various classic and novel photocatalysts for energy and environmental applications, with special emphasis on important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, such as interfacial charge transfer, function of co-catalysts, and adsorption over photocatalyst surface. This book timely and systematically reviews the state-of-the-art of the surface science in semiconductor-based photocatalysis, serving as a useful reference book for both new and experienced researchers in this field. Provides timely reviews on cutting-edge research on surface science and photocatalysts Comprehensively discusses novel photocatalysts, such as metal oxides, metal sulphides, graphitic carbon nitrides, graphene and metal-organics Presents important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, like Z-scheme system and surface heterojunctions Investigates the function of co-catalysts and the adsorption on photocatalyst surfaces Edited by world-leading researchers in interface science

Tailored Thin Coatings for Corrosion Inhibition Using a Molecular Approach

Tailored Thin Coatings for Corrosion Inhibition Using a Molecular Approach Book
Author : Simo Olavi Pehkonen,Shaojun Yuan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-25
ISBN : 0128135859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tailored Thin Coatings for Corrosion Inhibition Using a Molecular Approach discusses the fundamentals and applications of various thin coatings for the inhibition of fouling and corrosion from a molecular perspective. It provides the reader with a fundamental understanding of why certain coatings perform better than others in a given environment. Surface analytical and electrochemical techniques in understanding the coating performance are emphasized throughout the book, providing readers with a useful reference on how to pursue a systematic corrosion inhibitor R&D program that involves the testing of coating performance using various, currently available, state-of-the-art laboratory techniques. Wherever relevant, environmental considerations of the discussed coatings’ technologies are highlighted and discussed, with current and upcoming regulatory trends put forth by different governmental organizations. Provides atomic and molecular level understanding of tailored thin coatings for corrosion inhibition Discusses key steps in corrosion, including the attachment of harmful substances to surfaces, the fouling of surfaces, and the initiation and propagation of corrosion on surfaces Written by leading experts in the field

Particles at Interfaces

Particles at Interfaces Book
Author : Zbigniew Adamczyk
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 0081012691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Particles and Interfaces: Interaction, Deposition, Structure, Volume 20, Second Edition unifies particle and protein adsorption phenomena by presenting recent developments in this growing field of nanoscience. While experimental data is available in vast quantities, there is a deficit in quality interpretation of that data. This title provides such information, emphasizing the basic physics behind practical problems, thus empowering the reader to estimate relevant effects. The book includes solved problems of particle transport under non-linear conditions and their relevance to predicting protein adsorption, including an entirely new chapter devoted to polyelectrolyte and protein adsorption at solid/liquid and solid/gas interfaces. Unifies information from various fields, such as electrostatics, hydrodynamic, colloid science and biophysics Presents information in a user-friendly manner, including computer aided graphics and schematic drawings Applies a phenomenological approach to the content and provides readily accessible reference data

Interface Science and Composites

Interface Science and Composites Book
Author : Soo-Jin Park,Min-Kang Seo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 0123750490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics. Includes chapter on the development of a nanolevel dispersion of graphene particles in a polymer matrix Focus on tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles Covers mainly interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers

Chemistry on Modified Oxide and Phosphate Surfaces Fundamentals and Applications

Chemistry on Modified Oxide and Phosphate Surfaces  Fundamentals and Applications Book
Author : Robson Fernandes de Farias
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-01-10
ISBN : 9780080919843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemistry on Modified Oxide and Phosphate Surfaces: Fundamentals and Applications is in the authoritative Interface Science and Technology Series and presents the key features and applications of modified oxide and phosphate surfaces. Examines both basic and applied aspects Incorporates examples from recent publications

Nanoparticle Technologies

Nanoparticle Technologies Book
Author : Farid Bensebaa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0080919278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a good introductory work to nanoparticle technology. It consists of nine complementary chapters that can be read independently. This book covers promising nanoparticles fabrication technologies with a focus on scalable processes. Integration of nanoparticles into 2D and 3D structures are covered in detail. The most promising applications of nanoparticles in the energy, optoelectronic and biomedical sectors are summarized and discussed. Current issues and challenges related to nanoparticles production and utilisation are also discussed in the book. Complete and simple overview of the field Contains practical examples that makes the book also accessible for industrialists, engineers and managers Chapters can be read relatively independently so experienced researchers can go directly to the them of interest Advantages, drawbacks and challenges are described with practical examples

Self Assembly Processes at Interfaces

Self Assembly Processes at Interfaces Book
Author : Vincent Ball
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-13
ISBN : 0128019727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Self-Assembly Processes at Interfaces: Multiscale Phenomena provides the conceptual and unifying view of adsorption, self-assembly, and grafting processes at solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces, also describing experimental methods where applicable. An invaluable resource for (post)-graduate students looking to bridge the gap between acquiring the field’s existing knowledge and the creation of new insights, the book recalls fundamental concepts, giving rigorous, but first-principle-based, calculations and exercises, and showing how these concepts have been used in recent research articles. Readers will find guidelines on how best to start research in the field of surface chemistry with biological macromolecules and molecules able to undergo self-assembly process at interfaces in the presence of a liquid, along with discussions on the very fundamental aspects and applications using concepts of biomimetic chemistry. By highlighting the interdisciplinary aspects of the field of self-assembly at interfaces, the book is an ideal resource for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists. In addition, important equations are demonstrated on the basis of fundamental concepts, and overly complex mathematical developments are avoided. Presents an interdisciplinary work that is ideal for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists Provides a unifying view of the field, from fundamentals, to methods and applications Includes concepts applicable at both solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces

Stimuli Responsive Polymeric Membranes

Stimuli Responsive Polymeric Membranes Book
Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Manish Kumar Sinha,Piyal Mondal,Randeep Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-11
ISBN : 0128139625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stimuli Responsive Polymeric Membranes: Smart Polymeric Membranes explains the fundamentals and advances in topics relating to the field of membrane science. It elaborately explains concepts relating to stimuli responsive membranes, with special importance given down to minute details. Material selection, preparation, characterization and applications of various stimuli responsive membranes are extensively addressed, and their relevance (including examples) is included. The book covers history and development, merits and demerits, mechanisms of transport and fouling, applicability of membranes to various diverse areas, and preparation and characterization techniques of membranes. Next, the concept of fouling and its remedial actions is discussed. Finally, promising fields of research in the membrane science and future perspectives of membrane science field are explored. Provides basic and advanced knowledge of smart membranes, considering their morphological, physicochemical and separation characteristics Written in a clear and lucid style, keeping a diverse audience in mind Based on the state-of-art research of the authors

Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences and Bionanotechnology Second Edition

Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences and Bionanotechnology  Second Edition Book
Author : Willem Norde
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-06-06
ISBN : 1439817189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Colloidal systems occur everywhere—in soils, seawater, foodstuff, pharmaceuticals, paints, blood, biological cells, and microorganisms. Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences and Bionanotechnology, Second Edition, gives a concise treatment of physicochemical principles determining interrelated colloidal and interfacial phenomena. New in the Second Edition: New topics, including phase separations in polymer systems, electrokinetics of charged permeable surface coatings, and polymer brush coatings to control adsorption and adhesion of particles Emphasis on inter-particle interactions and surface phenomena in (bio)nanotechnology Full solutions to over 100 updated and additional exercises are presented in the Appendix Focusing on physicochemical concepts that form the basis of understanding colloidal and interfacial phenomena—rather than on experimental methods and techniques—this book is an excellent primer for students and scientists interested in colloidal and interfacial phenomena, their mutual relations and connections, and the fascinating role they play in natural and man-made systems.

The Structure and Properties of Water

The Structure and Properties of Water Book
Author : D Eisenberg,W Kauzmann,Walter Kauzmann
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2005-10-20
ISBN : 0198570260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authors have correlated many experimental observations and theoretical discussions from the scientific literature on water. Topics covered include the water molecule and forces between water molecules; the thermodynamic properties of steam; the structures of the ices; the thermodynamic, electrical, spectroscopic, and transport properties of the ices and of liquid water; hydrogen bonding in ice and water; and models for liquid water. The main emphasis of the book is on relatingthe properties of ice and water to their structures. Some background material in physical chemistry has been included in order to ensure that the material is accessible to readers in fields such as biology, biochemistry, and geology, as well as to chemists and physicists.

Treatise on Water Science

Treatise on Water Science Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2010-09-01
ISBN : 0444531998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water quality and management are of great significance globally, as the demand for clean, potable water far exceeds the availability. Water science research brings together the natural and applied sciences, engineering, chemistry, law and policy, and economics, and the Treatise on Water Science seeks to unite these areas through contributions from a global team of author-experts. The 4-volume set examines topics in depth, with an emphasis on innovative research and technologies for those working in applied areas. Published in partnership with and endorsed by the International Water Association (IWA), demonstrating the authority of the content Editor-in-Chief Peter Wilderer, a Stockholm Water Prize recipient, has assembled a world-class team of volume editors and contributing authors Topics related to water resource management, water quality and supply, and handling of wastewater are treated in depth