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The Prefrontal Cortex

The Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Joaquin M. Fuster,Joaquín M. Fuster,Professor Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences Joaquin M Fuster
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

(2E 1989) Covers chemical neurotransmission human & animal neuropsychology neuroimaging perception-action cycle etc.

The Prefrontal Cortex Its Structure Function and Pathology

The Prefrontal Cortex  Its Structure  Function and Pathology Book
Author : J.P.C. de Bruin,M.A. Corner,M.G.P. Feenstra,C.G. Van Eden,H.B.M. Uylings
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1991-03-05
ISBN : 0080862101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thanks to a resurgence of interest and a recent proliferation of research techniques, much new and illuminating data has emerged during the last decade relating to the prefrontal cortex, particularly in primates and rodents. In view of this progress, the 16th International Summer School of Brain Research was held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands from 28 August to 1 September 1989, devoted to the topic of `The Prefrontal Cortex: Its Structure, Function and Pathology'. The edited proceedings, embodied in this 85th volume of `Progress in Brain Research', fall into three sections - the first of which, following two introductory chapters, discusses the present knowledge of the organization of prefrontal cortical systems. In the second section, developmental and plasticity aspects in rodent and human cortex are considered, whilst the third section deals extensively with the functional aspects characteristic for the prefrontal cortex in primates, rats and rabbits. The last section reviews several topics on dysfunction of prefrontal cortex in rat and man, including a historical review on psychosurgery.

The Prefrontal Cortex

The Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Joaquin Fuster
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-05-22
ISBN : 012408060X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Prefrontal Cortex, Fifth Edition, provides users with a thoroughly updated version of this comprehensive work that has historically served as the classic reference on this part of the brain. The book offers a unifying, interdisciplinary perspective that is lacking in other volumes written about the frontal lobes, and is, once again, written by the award-winning author who discovered "memory cells," the physiological substrate of working memory. The fifth edition constitutes a comprehensive update, including all the major advances made on the physiology and cognitive neuroscience of the region since publication in 2008. All chapters have been fully revised, and the overview of prefrontal functions now interprets experimental data within the theoretical framework of the new paradigm of cortical structure and dynamics (the Cognit Paradigm), addressing the accompanying social, economic, and cultural implications. Provides a distinctly interdisciplinary view of the prefrontal cortex, covering all major methodologies, from comparative anatomy to modern imaging Unique analysis and synthesis of a large body of basic and clinical data on the subject (more than 2000 references) Written by an award-winning author who discovered "memory cells," the physiological substrate of working memory Synthesizes evidence that the prefrontal cortex constitutes a complex pre-adaptive system Incorporates emerging study of the role of the frontal lobes in social, economic, and cultural adaptation

The Prefrontal Cortex as an Executive Emotional and Social Brain

The Prefrontal Cortex as an Executive  Emotional  and Social Brain Book
Author : Masataka Watanabe
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-22
ISBN : 4431565086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is devoted to the executive, emotional, social, and integrative functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). The PFC has usually been studied only with its executive function or with its emotional function, but recent studies indicate that the PFC plays important roles in integrating executive and emotional functions as well as in social behavior. The first part of the book reviews the functional organization of the PFC in human and nonhuman primates. The subsequent part focuses on the integrator of executive and emotional functions. The third part presents the integrator of executive and social functions, and the final part discusses the default mode of brain activities. There are chapters on animal studies, because functional significance of the PFC cannot be described without referring to those studies. Thus many methodologies are presented such as human neuropsychological, neuroimaging, and stimulation studies, and animal neuropsychological, neurophysiological, neurochemical, neuroanatomical, and neuroimaging studies. Bringing those together, this volume provides a timely and concise picture of the function of the PFC. The result is a valuable resource for students and scientists, providing up-to-date information on this emerging research topic.

Motor and Cognitive Functions of the Prefrontal Cortex

Motor and Cognitive Functions of the Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Anne-Marie Thierry,J. Glowinski,P.S. Goldman-Rakic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642850073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The prefrontal cortex is particularly challenging as it has undergone great expansion during phylogenetic development and because it plays a crucial role in regulating most complex behaviors. Progress in research techniques in animals and in the development of non-invasive brain imaging approaches in humans have allowed resurgence of interest in the prefrontal cortex. To shed light on the rapidly accumulating information on motor and cognitive functions of the prefrontal cortex the Fondation IPSEN organized a symposium. This volume contains the proceedings of this meeting giving the most up-to-date research, with interdisciplinarycontributions from such fields as neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, electrophysiology as well as from clinical and behavior studies. The contents of this book provides an important development in the understanding of the prefrontal cortex.

The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex

The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Richard E. Passingham,Steven P. Wise
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-07-12
ISBN : 0199552916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The prefrontal cortex makes up almost a quarter of the human brain. The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex presents a new theory about its fundamental function. Written by two leading brain scientists, it is an important contribution to our understanding of the evolution and functioning of the human brain.

The Prefrontal Cortex

The Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Angela C. Roberts,Trevor W. Robbins,Lawrence Weiskrantz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780198524410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The role of the prefrontal cortex is one of the most topical and important areas of research in contemporary neuropsychology. This cortical region appears to be linked with executive processes affecting many diverse areas of cognitive function. Working memory, information processing, behavioural organization, attention, judgement, and the ability to cope with novel experiences are just some of the diverse processes it affects. This book brings together contributions from some of the world's leading researchers on the prefrontal cortex. They discuss the many recent theoretical and technical advances in the field - for example in our understanding of the neural architecture of the prefrontal cortex, in the development of comparable texts of cognition in humans and other primates, in our understanding of the relationships between neuronal activity and behaviour, and in the increasing use of functional neuroimaging to identify different levels of organization within the prefrontal cortex. These important developments make this an ideal time to address the many questions and debates that have arisen about the role and functional organization of this area of the brain. One of the first books to be written on the subject, The Prefrontal Cortex is a state-of-the-art account of our knowledge of this exciting subject. It will be welcomed by all researchers and students in neuro- and cognitive psychology, and neuroscience.

Prefrontal Cortex

Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Satoru Otani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-08
ISBN : 1402079494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume, Prefrontal Cortex: from Synaptic Plasticity to Cognition, is an interdisciplinary approach to characterize the function of the anterior portion of the frontal lobe in rodents and human and non-human primates. The specific topics discussed in the chapters of this volume are purposefully diverse: they range from membrane properties of prefrontal neurons to cognitive psychology. Nevertheless, this volume must not be regarded as a mere collection of writings with the different sub-themes. As you will see, chapters often vigorously encompass domains of the prefrontal field in effort to provide a big picture. That is actually what we attempted to do in this volume. On one hand, we have accumulated knowledge on the properties of neurons and synapses in the prefrontal cortex as well as the actions of critical neuromodulators such as dopamine. On the other hand, behavioral and cognitive neurosciences have begun to reveal the fascinating role of the prefrontal cortex in such mental processes as working memory, attention switching and rule following, and long-term memory. Needless to say, our ultimate goal as neurobiologists is to know what relationship there is between these cellular and cognitive processes. This volume is meant to serve as a comprehensive introduction towards that goal. Readers will be informed, for example, of how plasticity of prefrontal neurons is regulated, how it is involved in certain cognitive processes in rodents, and how the rodent models can apply to the primates.

Executive Control and the Frontal Lobe Current Issues

Executive Control and the Frontal Lobe  Current Issues Book
Author : Werner X. Schneider,Adrian M. Owen,John Duncan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642597947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the importance of the prefrontal cortex for "higher-order" cognitive functions is largely undisputed, no consensus has been reached regarding precise specifications of these functions. For example, although some degree of regional specialization within the frontal lobe seems inevitable, by and large, most attempts to map specific cognitive functions onto neuroanatomical and/or cytoarchitectonic subdivisions have been disappointing. Although a high degree of functional specialization probably exists within the frontal cortex, it seems increasingly likely that the structural organization of this system does not relate, in any straightforward way, to contemporary models of cognition.

Prefrontal Cortex

Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Ana Starcevic,Branislav Filipovic
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1789239036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The prefrontal cortex reaches its greatest development in the human brain, making up nearly one third of the neocortex. Due to its remarkable evolution, the prefrontal cortex plays an important role in higher integrative functions such as information processing, thinking, understanding, attention, behavior, motivation, emotions, working memory, and analysis. This book brings together theoretical and technical research advances on the prefrontal cortex, from the basic explanations of the neuronal architecture of the prefrontal cortex and its anatomy, presenting it as a morphological substrate for many psychological conditions, through normal and altered connectivity and its manifestation in different behavior and identification of organizational levels inside the prefrontal cortex through different neuroimaging methods. It also provides an interdisciplinary view of the prefrontal cortex and its issues and discovers the main role of this part of brain in psychosocial, economic, and cultural adaptation.

Understanding the Prefrontal Cortex

Understanding the Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Richard Passingham
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-04
ISBN : 0198844573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A successor to the acclaimed Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex, Understanding the Prefrontal Cortex presents a careful study of the anatomical connections in this brain region, showing how each area and subarea of the brain has a unique pattern of connections, and exploring the transformation that this area performs - from its inputs to it outputs. The book starts with two chapters of foundational material, before considering five subdivisions of the prefrontal cortex, and looking at the transformation that each one performs. Next it considers how the prefrontal cortex interacts with the rest of the brain, including not only cortical areas but also subcortical areas such as the basal ganglia and cerebellum. The book ends with a final section in which these principles are applied to the human brain. It starts by discussing the expansion of the prefrontal cortex during human evolution. It then considers how the human brain has co-opted mechanisms that existed in our primate ancestors, and by providing new inputs had extended them so as to support reasoning, remembering events from the distant past and imagining events in the distant future, the sense of self, language, the ability to understand the mental states of others, and the ability to cooperate and learn social and moral rules. Written by a leading brain scientist, the book will be an important and influential contribution to the neuroscience literature.

Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction

Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction Book
Author : Harvey S. Levin,Howard M. Eisenberg,Chairman Division of Neurosurgery Howard M Eisenberg,Arthur Lester Benton
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780195062847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent technical advances have made it possible to trace the cognitive and behavioural functions of the frontal lobes of the brain more precisely. This text aims to provide a reference source on this region of the brain and its role in cognition, behaviour and clinical disorders. [Ed.].

Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Principles of Frontal Lobe Function Book
Author : Donald T. Stuss,Robert T. Knight
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-01-31
ISBN : 0199837759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Frontal Lobe Function, Second Edition is an expanded volume, divided into 9 sections representing major research and clinical disciples, including new topics such as social neuroscience. This book will provide clinicians, researchers, and students with the most current information as the mystery of the frontal lobes is unraveled.

Hemodynamic Responses to Thermal Stimulation in the Prefrontal Cortex of the Brain Measured by FNIRS

Hemodynamic Responses to Thermal Stimulation in the Prefrontal Cortex of the Brain Measured by FNIRS Book
Author : Koumudi Chari
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although FMRI has marked its importance in the neurological research by understanding the brain activities, FNIRS has also set a new standard in the brain imaging study research with non-invasive and easy to use technology. FNIRS is a portable, inexpensive optical imaging method that measures the changes in the oxygenated and de-oxygenated hemoglobin of the brain that results from the neurological activity. In this study, FNIRS has been used to study the pain processing in humans by measuring the pre-frontal cortex area of the brain. Eight (n=8) healthy subjects were induced with pain using a thermal stimulator device with temperatures ranging from 45 to 47°C and their temporal profiles of the brain activity were analyzed to see which part of the pre-frontal cortex showed changes in the hemodynamic response. Apart from this, first 2 blocks and the last 2 blocks of the experimental protocol were compared to see if there were any symptoms of pain habituation due to repeated painful stimuli for six times. Significant deactivations were observed at the time of the painful stimuli which covered areas of the pain matrix including dorsolateral pre-frontal cortex (BA 9 and 46), frontopolar cortex (BA10) etc. Activations were found during the recovery phase in the areas of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (BA 9 and 46), frontopolar area (BA 10) and parts of broca area. On the other hand, Dorsolateral pre-frontal cortex and anterior pre-frontal cortex (BA 9,10,46) showed less deactivation in the first 2 blocks than the last 2 blocks and hence, it was also proved that repeated painful stimuli leads to adaptation of the signal.

Handbook of Frontal Lobe Assessment

Handbook of Frontal Lobe Assessment Book
Author : Sarah E. MacPherson,Sergio Della Sala,Simon Cox,Matthew H. Iveson,Alessandra Girardi
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015-04-16
ISBN : 019966952X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are several tests used in clinical practice and research worldwide that have been devised to assess the functions subsumed by the frontal lobes of the brain. Anatomical localisation has revealed that the frontal lobes can be divided into sub-regions with different functional domains. As a result, a number of authors working in the frontal lobe literature have made a case for patients with frontal lobe damage to be considered in their distinct subgroups, rather than considered together in one unitary group. As a result, it is important for clinicians and researchers to be made aware of the functions assessed by individual frontal tests and understand which frontal regions might be impaired in their patient groups, as patients with damage to one of these regions will perform poorly on tasks tapping that region yet may perform well on tasks tapping the unaffected regions within the frontal lobes. The 'Handbook of frontal lobe assessment' provides a critical review and appraisal of both the neuropsychological and experimental tests that have been devised to assess frontal lobe functions. It includes many tests that have not been included in previously published neuropsychological compendia. Throughout, the book discusses the available frontal tests in relation to patient and lesion data, neuroimaging data and aging data in order to offer clinicians and researchers the opportunity to choose the best assessment instrument for their purpose.

Development of the Prefrontal Cortex

Development of the Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Norman A. Krasnegor,G. Reid Lyon,Patricia S. Goldman-Rakic
Publisher : Paul H Brookes Publishing Company
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For neuropsychologists, neurobiologists, psychologists, and researchers in developmental psychology and learning disabilities, this volume ensures a comprehensive understanding of the research on the development and function of the prefrontal cortex.

The Orbitofrontal Cortex

The Orbitofrontal Cortex Book
Author : David H. Zald,Scott Rauch
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2006-10-12
ISBN : 0198565747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The orbitofronal cortex plays a critical role in emotion, learning, and behavioural flexibility. This volume provides a reference for established clinicians and researchers as well as trainees in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry, psychology, and neuroscience

Development Period of Prefrontal Cortex

Development Period of Prefrontal Cortex Book
Author : Merve Cikili Uytun
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter outlines the issues associated with the development of prefrontal cortex in children and adolescents, and describes the developmental profile of executive processes across childhood. The prefrontal cortex plays an essential role in various cognitive functions and little is known about how such neural mechanisms develop during childhood yet. To better understand this issue, we focus the literature on the development of the prefrontal cortex during early childhood, the changes in structural architecture, neural activity, and cognitive abilities. The prefrontal cortex undergoes maturation during childhood with a reduction of synaptic and neuronal density, a growth of dendrites, and an increase in white matter volume. With these neuroanatomical changes, neural networks construct appropriate for complex cognitive processing. The organization of prefrontal cortical circuitry may have been critical to the occurrence of human-specific executive and social-emotional functions, and developmental pathology in these same systems underlies many psychiatric disorders; therefore, if we understand these developmental process well, we could better analyze the development of psychiatric disorders.

The Frontal Lobes

The Frontal Lobes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-05
ISBN : 0128043261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Frontal Lobes, Volume 163, updates readers on the latest thinking on the structure and function of the human frontal lobe. Sections address methodology, anatomy, physiology and pharmacology, function, development, aging and disorders, and rehabilitation. Patients with focal lesions in the frontal lobes have long been studied to reveal the organization and function of the frontal lobes. Over the last two decades, studies of patients with neurodegenerative diseases and developmental disorders have increased, with new findings discussed in this volume. In addition, the book includes discussions on genetics and molecular biology, optogenetics, high-resolution structural and functional neuroimaging and electrophysiology, and more. Lastly, new knowledge on the biology, structure and function of the frontal lobes, new treatment targets for pharmacology, non-invasive brain stimulation, and cognitive/social remediation are presented. The last section covers new efforts that will hopefully lead to better outcomes in patients with frontal lobe disorders. Provides an overview of the structure, function, disorder and rehabilitation of the frontal lobes Addresses a wide variety of methodologies – from genetics and molecular biology, to optogenetics and hi-res fMRI, and more Contains content of interest to advanced students, junior researchers and clinicians getting involved in research Features the input of leaders in neuroanatomical research from around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available