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The Political Ecology Of Oil And Gas Activities In The Nigerian Aquatic Ecosystem

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The Political Ecology of Oil and Gas Activities in the Nigerian Aquatic Ecosystem

The Political Ecology of Oil and Gas Activities in the Nigerian Aquatic Ecosystem Book
Author : Prince Emeka Ndimele
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 0128096284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Political Ecology of Oil and Gas Activities in the Nigerian Aquatic Ecosystem reviews the current status of the ecosystems and economic implications of oil and gas development in Nigeria, a key oil-producing state. The ecological and economic impacts of oil and gas development, particularly in developing nations, are crucial topics for ecologists, natural resource professionals and pollution researchers to understand. This book takes an integrative approach to these problems through the lens of one of the key oil-producing nations, linking natural and human systems through the valuation of ecosystem services. Provides background information on Nigerian aquatic environments, its local history of oil exploration and a review of the physical chemistry of crude oil Reviews global and national perspectives on the oil and gas industry from a physical ecological, to a socio-political and economic ecological perspective Demonstrates real-life situations of the interactions and impacts of Nigerian petroleum production on the environment and local populations through case studies

Understanding Disaster Risk

Understanding Disaster Risk Book
Author : Pedro Pinto Santos,Ksenia Chmutina,Jason Von Meding,Emmanuel Raju
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 0128190485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding Disaster Risk: A Multidimensional Approach presents the first principle from the UNISDR Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015-2030. The framework includes a discussion of risk and resilience from both a theoretical and governance perspective in light of ideas that are shaping our common future. In addition, it presents innovative tools and best practices in reducing risk and building resilience. Combining the applications of social, financial, technological, design, engineering and nature-based approaches, the volume addresses rising global priorities and focuses on strengthening the global understanding of vulnerability, displaced communities, cultural heritages and cultural identity. Readers will gain a multifaceted understanding of disaster, addressing both historic and contemporary issues. Focusing on the various dimensions of disaster risk, the book details natural and social components of risk and the challenges posed to risk assessment models under the climate change paradigm. Addresses the current challenges in policy and practice for building resilience strategies Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Aids in understanding the natural and social components of risk in a diverse and globalized world Presents the challenges posed to risk assessment models under the climate change paradigm

Land Law and the Extractive Industries

Land Law and the Extractive Industries Book
Author : Victoria R Nalule
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2021-08-26
ISBN : 1509938443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyses the nexus between land access and the extractive industries in Africa, specifically highlighting the gaps in energy, land and mining laws and the practical solutions needed to settle the increasing number of land disputes in resource-rich areas. Access to land is essential for the successful operation of energy and mining projects. However, there are often social, environmental and economic issues associated with acquiring land for these projects. Socially, many people are relocated; economically, local communities are not given adequate compensation; environmentally, pollution negatively impacts on the agricultural and fishing industries relied on by over 80% of the local communities. Against this stark background, and drawing from the author's fieldwork research, this book addresses the important question of whether the different land tenure systems, coupled with administration and registration procedures, are adequate to address the increasing land disputes in oil and mineral-rich African countries.

Nigeria s Resource Wars

Nigeria s Resource Wars Book
Author : Egodi Uchendu
Publisher : Vernon Press
Release : 2021-03-02
ISBN : 1648891578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Nigeria’s Resource Wars' reflects on the diversity of conflicts over access to, and allocation of, resources in Nigeria. From the devastating effects of crude oil exploration in the Niger Delta to desertification caused by climate change, and illegal gold mining in Zamfara, to mention a few, Nigeria faces new dimensions of resource-related struggles. The ravaging effects of these resource conflicts between crop farmers and Fulani herders in Nigeria’s Middlebelt and states across Southern Nigeria call for urgent scholarly interventions; with the Fulani cattle breeders’ onslaught altering the histories of many Nigerian families through deaths, loss of homes and investments, and permanent physical incapacity. Currently, there is an almost total breakdown of interethnic relations, with political commentators acknowledging that Nigeria has never been so divided as it presently is in its history. The struggles have now degenerated into kidnaps, armed robbery, and incessant targeted and random killings across the country; compounding the already complex problem of insecurity in Nigeria. The chapters in this volume engage with these issues, presenting the different arguments on resource conflicts in Nigeria. They draw insights from similar conflicts in Nigeria’s colonial/post-independence past and events from around the world to proffer possible solutions to resource-related confrontations in Africa. By offering a collection of different intellectual perspectives on resource conflicts in Nigeria, this volume will be an important reference material for understanding the diversity of thought patterns that underpin the struggle and policy approaches towards resolving conflict situations in Africa. This volume will be of considerable interest to scholars of Africa, researchers in the humanities, social sciences, and conflict studies, and policymakers interested in understanding the resource crisis in Africa.

World Seas An Environmental Evaluation

World Seas  An Environmental Evaluation Book
Author : Charles Sheppard
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-24
ISBN : 0128052023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation, Second Edition, Volume One: Europe, The Americas and West Africa provides a comprehensive review of the environmental condition of the seas of Europe, the Americas and West Africa. Each chapter is written by experts in the field who provide historical overviews in environmental terms, current environmental status, major problems arising from human use, informed comments on major trends, problems and successes, and recommendations for the future. The book is an invaluable worldwide reference source for students and researchers who are concerned with marine environmental science, fisheries, oceanography and engineering and coastal zone development. Covers regional issues that help countries find solutions to environmental decline that may have already developed elsewhere Provides scientific reviews of regional issues, thus empowering managers and policymakers to make progress in under-resourced countries and regions Includes comprehensive maps and updated statistics in each region covered

Energy Poverty and Access Challenges in Sub Saharan Africa

Energy Poverty and Access Challenges in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Victoria R. Nalule
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-27
ISBN : 3319954024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Access to modern energy is central in addressing the major global challenges of the 21st century, including poverty, climate change and famine. However large parts of the world, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have poor or no access to modern energy. Victoria Nalule argues that SSA countries have many common energy challenges which could be tackled with collective efforts through regional cooperation. By means of a legal and comparative analysis and a seven-step framework, the book explores the current regional mechanisms employed in Africa to address the challenge of energy poverty and access and whether they are effective in tackling the challenge of energy access, including regional energy infrastructure and regional energy regulations. Chapters discuss the evolution of regionalism in SSA and the role of regional cooperation in the development of renewable energy as a means of confronting both energy access and climate change. Specifically the nexus between energy access, renewable energy and climate change is covered as well as the potential of fossil fuels in addressing energy poverty. The establishment and development of regional energy infrastructure as one of the mechanisms of addressing energy access challenges in SSA and regional efforts to harmonise energy regulation are explored. Finally a concluding chapter provides recommendations for policy makers and other relevant stakeholders on how best to implement some of the suggestions made in previous chapters. International organisations, regional organisations, government officials, scholars and students with interest in the energy sector will highly benefit from this book.

The Palgrave Handbook of Agricultural and Rural Development in Africa

The Palgrave Handbook of Agricultural and Rural Development in Africa Book
Author : Evans S. Osabuohien
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-06
ISBN : 3030415139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook examines agricultural and rural development in Africa from theoretical, empirical and policy stand points. It discusses the challenges of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and assesses how poverty and other development concerns can be addressed in rural communities through agricultural transformation. Additionally, the handbook extends the Post-2015 Development Agenda and it emphasizes the importance of the agricultural sector as it is closely related to the issues of food sustainability, poverty reduction, and employment creation. The contributors suggest multiple evidence-based policies to develop the rural areas through the transformation of the agricultural sector which can significantly benefit the African continent.

Spatial Information Science for Natural Resource Management

Spatial Information Science for Natural Resource Management Book
Author : Singh, Suraj Kumar,Kanga, Shruti,Mishra, Varun Narayan
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-06-26
ISBN : 1799850285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stress on natural resources has recently increased due to commercialization and the need to provide livelihoods for locals. Because they are such core parts of everyday life, ensuring sustainability in resource management is of paramount importance. Only by integrating the tools of spatial information science can an effective course for preserving and protecting natural resources be created. Spatial Information Science for Natural Resource Management is a pivotal reference source that explores coordinated approaches to sustainable development and management of natural resources to keep a balance of the environment, ecology, and human livelihood. Featuring coverage on a wide range of topics including crop yield estimation, ecosystem services, and land information systems, this book covers interdisciplinary techniques in monitoring and managing natural resources. This publication is ideally designed for urban planners, environmentalists, policymakers, ecologists, researchers, academicians, students, and professionals in the fields of remote sensing, civil engineering, social science, computer science, and information technology.

Bioenergy and Environmental Biotechnology for Sustainable Development

Bioenergy and Environmental Biotechnology for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Akinola Rasheed Popoola,Emeka Godfrey Nwoba,James Chukwuma Ogbonna,Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji,Nwadiuto (Diuto) Esiobu,Abdulrazak B. Ibrahim,Benjamin Ewa Ubi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-05-11
ISBN : 1000551024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers a range of important topics on environmental remediation, biofuels and value-added microbial products for environmental clean-up, water and wastewater recycling and sustainable wastewater treatment using microalgae. Designed to document advances in biotechnology, this book highlights bio-resource utilization in fostering low-carbon renewable energy-based economies and provides new insights into chlorine disinfectant usage in water treatment, wastewater treatment using microalgae, etc. The book will be useful reference material for scientists and researchers in the fields of microbial biotechnology and bioremediation, environmental biotechnology and sustainable development, climate change mitigation, provision of safe water and sustainable wastewater recycling. Emphasizes recent advances in bioremediation techniques towards environmental sustainability Provides detailed information on how to harness indigenous bio-resources including microorganisms as bioenhancement agents for environmental remediation Introduces new frontiers in the area of wastewater treatment using microalgae — important for sustainability and water safety Reviews biotechniques that could enhance higher levels of sustainability in heavily polluted environments and also provides an intelligent monitoring system for waste recycling and environmental remediation, and fostering a low-carbon renewable energy–based bioeconomy Discusses the need for review of existing guidelines on chlorine disinfectant usage for enhanced water quality Akinola Rasheed Popoola, Ph.D., is a Professor of Plant Pathology and the Director of the Biotechnology Centre, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. Emeka Godfrey Nwoba, Ph.D., is a research scholar at the Algae Research & Development Centre, Murdoch University, Western Australia. James Chukwuma Ogbonna, Ph.D., is a Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology and Director, National Biotechnology Development Agency, South East Zonal Biotechnology Centre, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Charles Oluwaseun Adetunji, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology, and Director of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer, Edo State University, Uzairue, Nigeria. Nwadiuto (Diuto) Esiobu, Ph.D., is a Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology at Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA, and the President and Founder of Applied Biotech Inc. and ABINL, Abuja, Nigeria. Abdulrazak B. Ibrahim, Ph.D., is a Capacity Development Expert at the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) and an Associate Professor of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. Benjamin Ewa Ubi, Ph.D., is a Professor of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology and Director, Biotechnology Research and Development Centre, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

The Struggles of Post Independence Nigeria

The Struggles of Post Independence Nigeria Book
Author : Ucheoma Nwagbara
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2022-02
ISBN : 1793633762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines Nigeria’s struggles with corruption, poverty, inequality, crime, and insurgency to show how poor leadership in the post-independence era has failed to use the country’s enormous natural and human resources to improve citizens’ lives.

Transnational Food Security

Transnational Food Security Book
Author : Emily Webster,Ankita Gupta,Ruth Ambros
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 1000051374
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transnational Food Security addresses food security from an international relations, political economy and legal perspective analysing the relationship between food security and the environment and climate change, trade, finance and contracts, and the intersection between food and human rights. The topic of food concerns one of the most basic and profound aspects of human survival. Universal and equal access to food is, at the same time, ridden with problems of power, inequality, distribution and implicated in old and new geopolitical conflicts. As such, ‘food’ and food security are central to conditions of poverty and hunger, development and ‘modernisation’, transitional justice and rule of law reform around the world. As a problem of critique and scholarly inquiry, food prompts an inter-disciplinary assessment of the nature of food security in the modern world. The contributors to this book take us deep into the complexity of food and illustrate the challenges of adequately understanding and approaching questions of food security and food sovereignty in a globally interconnected world. Transnational Food Security will be of great interest to scholars of international relations, political economy, and transnational law. The chapters were originally published as a special issue of Transnational Legal Theory Journal.

Engineering Tolerance in Crop Plants Against Abiotic Stress

Engineering Tolerance in Crop Plants Against Abiotic Stress Book
Author : Shah Fahad,Osman Sönmez,Shah Saud,Depeng Wang,Chao Wu,Muhammad Adnan,Muhammad Arif,Amanullah
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-10-29
ISBN : 1000462137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite significant progress in increasing agricultural production, meeting the changing dietary preferences and increasing food demands of future populations remains a significant challenge. Salinity, drought, water logging, high temperature and toxicity are abiotic stresses that affect the crop yield and production. Tolerance for stress is a important characteristic that plants need to have in order to survive. Identification of proper techniques at a proper time can make it easy for scientists to increase crop productivity and yield. In Engineering Tolerance in Crop Plants against Abiotic Stress we have discussed the possible stresses and their impact on crops and portrayed distinctive abiotic stress tolerance in response to different techniques that can improve the performance of crops. Features of the Book: Provide a state-of-the-art description of the physiological, biochemical, and molecular status of the understanding of abiotic stress in plants. Address factors that threaten future food production and provide potential solution to these factors. Designed to cater to the needs of the students engaged in the field of environmental sciences, soil sciences, agricultural microbiology, plant pathology, and agronomy. New strategies for better crop productivity and yield. Understanding new techniques pointed out in this book will open the possibility of genetic engineering in crop plants with the concomitant improved stress tolerance.

Rhizobiont in Bioremediation of Hazardous Waste

Rhizobiont in Bioremediation of Hazardous Waste Book
Author : Vivek Kumar,Ram Prasad,Manoj Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-22
ISBN : 9811606021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes many novel approaches of microbial bioremediation including conventional and modern approaches, metagenomics, biosurfactants and nano-based bioremediation. Also presents up-to-date knowledge about biodegradation of solid and liquid contaminants in the rhizospheric zone by plant (rhizo)-microbiome interface. It also illustrates communication pathways based on evolving methodologies, bioinformatic tools which provides insights into the functional dynamics of bioremediation process by the host-microbiome interface. The different chapters explain the mechanism and outcomes during the process of bioremediation. The book broadly depicts the following: Advances in bioremediation through nanoremediation, rhizo-remediation, bioremediation of different ecosystems like polluted waters, industrial effluents, bioremediation of metal and organic pollutants, toxic dyes etc. The book is very useful for researchers and students in the fields of applied and environmental microbiology. It is also meant for industry experts and professionals working in the field of bioremediation and waste management.

The Political Economy of Oil and Gas in Africa

The Political Economy of Oil and Gas in Africa Book
Author : Soala Ariweriokuma
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-10-22
ISBN : 113403959X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The evolution of the Nigerian oil and gas industry spanned about a century during which several challenges were encountered and surmounted by major International Oil Companies (IOCs). This book provides a thoroughly researched guide to the Nigerian oil and gas industry. The author examines the increasing role of Africa in the contribution of oil and gas resources to the global energy market and provides an overview of oil and gas exploration and production activities in Algeria , Libya , Egypt and Angola . The book presents an in-depth review of the growth and challenges of the Nigerian oil and gas industry. It also highlights the geological features of the oil and gas bearing regions of the country. In particular, the emerging prominence of the Gulf of Guinea as a prolific hydrocarbon bearing zone is extensively evaluated.

Reservoir Engineering

Reservoir Engineering Book
Author : Sylvester Okotie,Bibobra Ikporo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 3030023931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a clear and basic understanding of the concept of reservoir engineering to professionals and students in the oil and gas industry. The content contains detailed explanations of key theoretic and mathematical concepts and provides readers with the logical ability to approach the various challenges encountered in daily reservoir/field operations for effective reservoir management. Chapters are fully illustrated and contain numerous calculations involving the estimation of hydrocarbon volume in-place, current and abandonment reserves, aquifer models and properties for a particular reservoir/field, the type of energy in the system and evaluation of the strength of the aquifer if present. The book is written in oil field units with detailed solved examples and exercises to enhance practical application. It is useful as a professional reference and for students who are taking applied and advanced reservoir engineering courses in reservoir simulation, enhanced oil recovery and well test analysis.

First World Petro Politics

First World Petro Politics Book
Author : Laurie Adkin
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release : 2016-08-04
ISBN : 1442699426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First World Petro-Politics examines the vital yet understudied case of a first world petro-state facing related social, ecological, and economic crises in the context of recent critical work on fossil capitalism. A wide-ranging and richly documented study of Alberta’s political ecology – the relationship between the province’s political and economic institutions and its natural environment – the volume tackles questions about the nature of the political regime, how it has governed, and where its primary fractures have emerged. Its authors examine Alberta’s neo-liberal environmental regulation, institutional adaptation to petro-state imperatives, social movement organizing, Indigenous responses to extractive development, media framing of issues, and corporate strategies to secure social license to operate. Importantly, they also discuss policy alternatives for political democratization and for a transition to a low-carbon economy. The volume’s conclusions offer a critical examination of petro-state theory, arguing for a comparative and contextual approach to understanding the relationships between dependence on carbon extraction and the nature of political regimes.

The Political Economy of Energy in Sub Saharan Africa

The Political Economy of Energy in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Lucky E. Asuelime,Andrew Emmanuel Okem
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 135167210X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A deepening ecological crisis is rearing its head in sub-Saharan Africa, as it faces a myriad of challenges in regards to the development of its energy sector. The ‘dirty now and clean up later’ approach to the environment has a strong appeal, particularly because it is often thought of as the last place to try to edge in another priority - especially if that priority is perceived by many to be an economic luxury. Asuelime and Okem bring together a team of specialist contributors who investigate to what extent sub-Saharan Africa has displayed foresight or politico-economic integrity. The book shows the state’s ability to meet the demands of provision of energy in sub-Saharan Africa has led to heavy investments in infrastructure, transmission and distribution of energy to the citizens. However, the inefficiencies, corruption and unhealthy bureaucratic challenges that accompany this have led urgent problems, which will be thoroughly explored in this book. The Political Economy of Energy in Sub-Saharan Africa will be of interest to students and scholars of African Studies, Development Studies, political science and environment.

Handbook of Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing

Handbook of Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing Book
Author : Christian N. Madu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-09-20
ISBN : 3030758346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Manufacturers, under pressure from their major stakeholders, integrate environmental issues in the design and management of their products. These stakeholders include customers, regulators, employees, communities, and interest groups who have a common stake in protecting the earth from pollution and in limiting the exploitation of earth's limited natural resources. Manufacturers recognize that being environmentally responsible also offers competitive advantage to the firm. The Handbook of Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing is written as a state-of-the-art reference to guide environmentally conscious manufacturing (ECM). All the contributors have done extensive research and/or practice work in the field of ECM. The Handbook covers all the major topics in Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing. There are specific chapters to deal with sustainable manufacturing, recycling, eco-labelling, life cycle assessment, and ISO 14000 series of standards, as well as decision-making aspects of Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing. Decision-oriented topics on supply chain, decision models, quality initiative, environmental costing and decision support systems are also covered. The influence of ECM on marketing imperative is also covered.

TERRORISM AND POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN WEST AFRICA A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE

TERRORISM AND POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN WEST AFRICA  A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Book
Author : Mahmoud N. Musa / Adebayo E. Adeyemi
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release : 2015-07-30
ISBN : 1503589161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While it could be arguably stated that West Africa has achieved remarkable and sustainable progress in the areas of democratic governance and economic growth, the sub-region, over the past few years, has been challenged by terrorism and other transnational security threats. Innocent civilians are continuously killed; security operatives and providers of humanitarian assistance targeted; properties and infrastructure wantonly destroyed; thus culminating in significant displacement of people and acute poverty. If these developments are not carefully and timeously addressed, they are capable of eroding progress so far recorded. It is against this background, that this Thesis undertakes a study of the different manifestations of terrorism and related transnational security challenges in West Africa, to explore the internal and external sources and drivers of instability; establish the linkages between terrorism and transnational threats; examine the various steps taken in recent time to strengthen the sub-region’s capacity to prevent and address the menace of terrorism and other security challenges, and make necessary policy recommendations based on comprehensive best practices.

The International Business Environment

The International Business Environment Book
Author : Leslie Hamilton,Philip Webster
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-01-19
ISBN : 0199596824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores the process of globalization and the impact this has on international business organizations. The text presents a framework to analyse the economic, political, legal, financial, technological, socio-cultural and ecological environments, thereby outlining the factors which affect the everyday business of organizations.