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The Physics Of Icebergs

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The Physics of Glaciers

The Physics of Glaciers Book
Author : W. S. B. Paterson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-10-27
ISBN : 1483287254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This updated and expanded version of the second edition explains the physical principles underlying the behaviour of glaciers and ice sheets. The text has been revised in order to keep pace with the extensive developments which have occurred since 1981. A new chapter, of major interest, concentrates on the deformation of subglacial till. The book concludes with a chapter on information regarding past climate and atmospheric composition obtainable from ice cores.

Why Icebergs Float

Why Icebergs Float Book
Author : Andrew Morris
Publisher : UCL Press
Release : 2016-10-24
ISBN : 1911307045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From paintings and food to illness and icebergs, science is happening everywhere. Rather than follow the path of a syllabus or textbook, Andrew Morris takes examples from the science we see every day and uses them as entry points to explain a number of fundamental scientific concepts – from understanding colour to the nature of hormones – in ways that anyone can grasp. While each chapter offers a separate story, they are linked together by their fascinating relevance to our daily lives. The topics explored in each chapter are based on hundreds of discussions the author has led with adult science learners over many years – people who came from all walks of life and had no scientific training, but had developed a burning curiosity to understand the world around them. This book encourages us to reflect on our own relationship with science and serves as an important reminder of why we should continue learning as adults.

Icebergs

Icebergs Book
Author : Grant R. Bigg
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-11-26
ISBN : 1316472981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Icebergs are a prime example of an environmental phenomenon that brings together multiple disciplines in the polar sciences, from the physics of calving and melting to the geology of their solid deposits and sea floor interactions. Icebergs are also increasingly seen to play key roles in past and present climate change. This book gives a comprehensive, multidisciplinary view of icebergs and their interaction with the Earth system, from the physical and biological interaction with the ocean and climate, to how iceberg detritus informs us about past Earth history. Societal and cultural aspects of icebergs are also examined, in terms of the risks and opportunities posed by icebergs in the modern world, as well as how these might develop in the future. With extensive illustrations and key links to online resources, Icebergs is a valuable reference for academic researchers and graduate students studying oceanography, cryospheric science, climatology and environmental science.

Physics of Glaciers

Physics of Glaciers Book
Author : W. S. B. Paterson
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2000-09-11
ISBN : 9780750647427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explains the physical principles underlying the behaviour of glaciers and ice sheets and concludes with a chapter on the information about past climate and atmospheric composition obtainable from ice cores. The past 40 years have seen major advances in most aspects of the subject; the book concentrates on these. It is an updated and expanded version of the second edition, and is now available in the long-awaited paperback format. Much of the book deals with developments since the second edition was published. Dr Paterson's introduction to glacier studies was with the British North Greenland Expedition in 1953-4. He emigrated to Canada in 1957 and between 1959 and 1980 studied glaciers in the Canadian Arctic and the Rocky Mountains, mainly under the auspices of the Canadian Government's Polar Continental Shelf Project. Since 1980 he has done consulting work and has also been a visiting scientist with the Geophysics Department at the University of Copenhagen (three times) and with the Australian Antarctic Division. He has also given a comprehensive lecture course at the Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology in Lanzhou, China. He is now retired (more or less) and lives in British Columbia. New paperback edition of a classic text Well-known and respected author Updated and expanded since the second edition, reflecting the advances in most aspects of the subject over the last 40 years

The Physics of Ice

The Physics of Ice Book
Author : E. R. Pounder
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483226964
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Physics of Ice covers the state of knowledge regarding the structure, properties, occurrence, and movement of ice. This book is composed of eight chapters, and begins with an introduction and in the fundamental aspects of ice, including pure water freezing, circulation, occurrence, classification, and importance of ice. The subsequent chapters describe the properties, structure, freezing, and composition of sea ice and ice drift. These topics are followed by discussions on the crystallographic features, and mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of ice. The concluding chapter examines the factor influencing ice growth and decay. This book is directed toward physicists and researchers in ice-related fields.

Introduction to the Physics of the Cryosphere

Introduction to the Physics of the Cryosphere Book
Author : Melody Sandells,Daniela Flocco
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2014-11-01
ISBN : 1627053034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The cryosphere encompasses all regions of the planet that experiences water in ice form for some portion of the year. In this book, authors Melody Sandells and Daniela Flocco deliver an introduction to the physics of the cryosphere. This includes the Arcti

Dynamics of Snow and Ice Masses

Dynamics of Snow and Ice Masses Book
Author : Samuel C. Colbeck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323148891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamics of Snow and Ice Masses gives an outline of snow and ice studies with an emphasis on essential properties and processes. The monograph also treats the dynamical aspects of snow and ice masses. The text covers topics such as the flow and temperature of ice sheets and shelves, the numerical modeling of ice-sheet changes; the structure of glaciers, the experimental creep behavior of ice, flow law of glacier ice, and advance and retreat of glaciers. Also covered are topics such as sea ice - the physics of its growth, drift, and decay; iceberg deterioration, sources, drift, and drift patterns; and freshwater ice growth, motion, and decay. The book is recommended as a textbook for graduate-level students of snow and ice studies and as reference for climatologists.

Encyclopedia of Snow Ice and Glaciers

Encyclopedia of Snow  Ice and Glaciers Book
Author : Vijay P. Singh,Pratap Singh,Umesh K. Haritashya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-01
ISBN : 904812641X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The earth’s cryosphere, which includes snow, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, ice shelves, sea ice, river and lake ice, and permafrost, contains about 75% of the earth’s fresh water. It exists at almost all latitudes, from the tropics to the poles, and plays a vital role in controlling the global climate system. It also provides direct visible evidence of the effect of climate change, and, therefore, requires proper understanding of its complex dynamics. This encyclopedia mainly focuses on the various aspects of snow, ice and glaciers, but also covers other cryospheric branches, and provides up-to-date information and basic concepts on relevant topics. It includes alphabetically arranged and professionally written, comprehensive and authoritative academic articles by well-known international experts in individual fields. The encyclopedia contains a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from the atmospheric processes responsible for snow formation; transformation of snow to ice and changes in their properties; classification of ice and glaciers and their worldwide distribution; glaciation and ice ages; glacier dynamics; glacier surface and subsurface characteristics; geomorphic processes and landscape formation; hydrology and sedimentary systems; permafrost degradation; hazards caused by cryospheric changes; and trends of glacier retreat on the global scale along with the impact of climate change. This book can serve as a source of reference at the undergraduate and graduate level and help to better understand snow, ice and glaciers. It will also be an indispensable tool containing specialized literature for geologists, geographers, climatologists, hydrologists, and water resources engineers; as well as for those who are engaged in the practice of agricultural and civil engineering, earth sciences, environmental sciences and engineering, ecosystem management, and other relevant subjects.

Fundamentals of Glacier Dynamics Second Edition

Fundamentals of Glacier Dynamics  Second Edition Book
Author : C.J. van der Veen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-03-26
ISBN : 1439835667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measuring, monitoring, and modeling technologies and methods changed the field of glaciology significantly in the 14 years since the publication of the first edition of Fundamentals of Glacier Dynamics. Designed to help readers achieve the basic level of understanding required to describe and model the flow and dynamics of glaciers, this second edition provides a theoretical framework for quantitatively interpreting glacier changes and for developing models of glacier flow. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Streamlined organization focusing on theory, model development, and data interpretation Introductory chapter reviews the most important mathematical tools used throughout the remainder of the book New chapter on fracture mechanics and iceberg calving Consolidated chapter covers applications of the force-budget technique using measurements of surface velocity to locate mechanical controls on glacier flow The latest developments in theory and modeling, including the addition of a discussion of exact time-dependent similarity solutions that can be used for verification of numerical models The book emphasizes developing procedures and presents derivations leading to frequently used equations step by step to allow readers to grasp the mathematical details as well as physical approximations involved without having to consult the original works. As a result, readers will have gained the understanding needed to apply similar techniques to somewhat different applications. Extensively updated with new material and focusing more on presenting the theoretical foundations of glacier flow, the book provides the tools for model validation in the form of analytical steady-state and time-evolving solutions. It provides the necessary background and theoretical foundation for developing more realistic ice-sheet models, which is essential for better integration of data and observations as well as for better model development.

Ice Physics and the Natural Environment

Ice Physics and the Natural Environment Book
Author : John S. Wettlaufer,J.Gregory Dash,Norbert Untersteiner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3642600301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Advanced Study Institute Ice Physics in the Natural and Endangered Environ ment was held at Acquafredda di Maratea, Italy, from September 7 to 19, 1997. The ASI was designed to study the broad range of ice science and technology, and it brought together an appropriately interdisciplinary group of lecturers and students to study the many facets of the subject. The talks and poster presentations explored how basic molecular physics of ice have important environmental consequences, and, con versely, how natural phenomena present new questions for fundamental study. The of lectures discusses these linkages, in order that overall unity of following sunimary the subject and this volume can be perceived. Not all of the lecturers and participants were able to contribute a written piece, but their active involvement was crucial to the success of the Institute and thereby influenced the content of the volume. We began the Institute by retracing the history of the search for a microscopic un derstanding of melting. Our motivation was straightforward. Nearly every phenome non involving ice in the environment is influenced by the change of phase from solid to liquid or vice-versa. Hence, a sufficiently deep physical picture of the melting tran sition enriches our appreciation of a vast array of geophysical and technical problems.

Towing Icebergs Falling Dominoes and Other Adventures in Applied Mathematics

Towing Icebergs  Falling Dominoes  and Other Adventures in Applied Mathematics Book
Author : Robert B. Banks
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2013-04-08
ISBN : 1400846749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although we seldom think of it, our lives are played out in a world of numbers. Such common activities as throwing baseballs, skipping rope, growing flowers, playing football, measuring savings accounts, and many others are inherently mathematical. So are more speculative problems that are simply fun to ponder in themselves--such as the best way to score Olympic events. Here Robert Banks presents a wide range of musings, both practical and entertaining, that have intrigued him and others: How tall can one grow? Why do we get stuck in traffic? Which football player would have a better chance of breaking away--a small, speedy wide receiver or a huge, slow linebacker? Can California water shortages be alleviated by towing icebergs from Antarctica? What is the fastest the 100-meter dash will ever be run? The book's twenty-four concise chapters, each centered on a real-world phenomenon, are presented in an informal and engaging manner. Banks shows how math and simple reasoning together may produce elegant models that explain everything from the federal debt to the proper technique for ski-jumping. This book, which requires of its readers only a basic understanding of high school or college math, is for anyone fascinated by the workings of mathematics in our everyday lives, as well as its applications to what may be imagined. All will be rewarded with a myriad of interesting problems and the know-how to solve them. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Applied Crowd Science

Applied Crowd Science Book
Author : G. Keith Still
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-24
ISBN : 1351053051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Crowd Science outlines the theory and applications of the crowd safety course that Prof. Keith Still has developed and taught worldwide for over thirty years. It includes the background and applications of the crowd risk assessment tools, as well as essays and case studies from international users (UK, Ireland, Canada, Australia, Holland, Belgium and Japan). Keith’s courses are mandatory training for all UK Police Public Event Commanders. The text covers legislation and guidance for crowd safety in places of public assembly, and outlines the requirements of a crowd risk assessment for mass gatherings. It draws on Prof. Still’s expert witness experience, highlighting both the problems you need to understand for your event planning.

Introduction to Cryospheric Science

Introduction to Cryospheric Science Book
Author : Dahe Qin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9811664250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces systematically the cryospheric science, covering the formation, development, evolution, and research methods of each component of the cryosphere, the interaction between the cryosphere and the other spheres of the climate system and the anthroposphere, and the hot topics of social and economic sustainable development and geopolitics. The authors are world-renowned experts and scientists working in the related fields. They have a deep understanding and accurate grasp of the basic theory, evolution mechanism, and international frontiers of the cryosphere, as well as rich teaching experience, which makes this book suitable also as textbook for graduate students. It is also the first book that introduces the knowledge of cryospheric science systematically. In addition to theoretical knowledge, the book also introduces field work and experimental analysis. It should be of interests for the scholars and graduate student working in the fields of geography, hydrology, geology, geomorphology, atmosphere, ecology, environment, oceanography, and regional economic and social sustainable development.

Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science

Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science Book
Author : Alwyn Scott
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2006-05-17
ISBN : 1135455570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 438 alphabetically-arranged essays, this work provides a useful overview of the core mathematical background for nonlinear science, as well as its applications to key problems in ecology and biological systems, chemical reaction-diffusion problems, geophysics, economics, electrical and mechanical oscillations in engineering systems, lasers and nonlinear optics, fluid mechanics and turbulence, and condensed matter physics, among others.

Continuum Mechanics and Applications in Geophysics and the Environment

Continuum Mechanics and Applications in Geophysics and the Environment Book
Author : Brian Straughan,Ralf Greve,Harald Ehrentraut,Yongqi Wang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662044390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The topics covered include soil mechanics and porous media, glacier and ice dynamics, climatology and lake physics, climate change as well as numerical algorithms. The book, written by well-known experts, addresses researchers and students interested in physical aspects of our environment.

Sea Ice and Iceberg Sedimentation in the Ocean

Sea Ice and Iceberg Sedimentation in the Ocean Book
Author : Alexander P. Lisitzin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642559050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference book for researchers working on glacial sediments provides a complete overview of the various glacial deposits in the ocean. It presents a collection of worldwide data on glacio-marine phenomena.

Case Studies in Data Analysis

Case Studies in Data Analysis Book
Author : Jane F. Gentleman,G.A. Whitmore
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461226880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a collection of eight Case Studies in Data Analysis that appeared in various issues of the Canadian Journal of Statistics (OS) over a twelve year period from 1982 to 1993. One follow-up article to Case Study No.4 is also included in the volume. The OS's Section on Case Studies in Data Analysis was initiated by a former editor who wanted to increase the analytical content of the journal. We were asked to become Section Co-Editors and to develop a format for the case studies. Each case study presents analyses of a real data set by two or more analysts or teams of analysts working independently in a simulated consulting context. The section aimed at demonstrating the process of statistical analysis and the possible diversity of approaches and conclusions. For each case study, the Co-Editors found a set of real Canadian data, posed what they thought was an interesting statistical problem, and recruited analysts working in Canada who were willing to tackle it. The published case studies describe the data and the problem, and present and discuss the analysts' solutions. For some case studies, the providers of the data were invited to contribute their own analysis.

Glaciers

Glaciers Book
Author : Peter Knight
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 1134982178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive and detailed summary of our knowledge and understanding of glaciers and sets them within a global environment context. The text explains the significance both of recent advances in glaciology, and of teh many research problms that remain to be solved. The accessible style adopted in the text facilitates a clear understanding of glaciers and the role they play in global issues such as environmental change, geoorphology and hydrology. The use of complex mathematics is avoided as the reader is introduced to important concepts and techniques in modern glaciology such as deforming beds, migrating ice-divides and stable isotope analysis. This is an essential reference book for sutdents, professional geologists and researchers and would be ideal for those who want either a rapid up-date or an introduction to the subject. The books' discussion of recent discoveries and of reserch issues for the future, supported by a thorough reference list, enables readers to pursue their own areas of particular interest.

Vanishing Ice

Vanishing Ice Book
Author : Vivien Gornitz
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2019-06-11
ISBN : 0231548893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Arctic is thawing. In summer, cruise ships sail through the once ice-clogged Northwest Passage, lakes form on top of the Greenland Ice Sheet, and polar bears swim farther and farther in search of waning ice floes. At the opposite end of the world, floating Antarctic ice shelves are shrinking. Mountain glaciers are in retreat worldwide, unleashing flash floods and avalanches. We are on thin ice—and with melting permafrost’s potential to let loose still more greenhouse gases, these changes may be just the beginning. Vanishing Ice is a powerful depiction of the dramatic transformation of the cryosphere—the world of ice and snow—and its consequences for the human world. Delving into the major components of the cryosphere, including ice sheets, valley glaciers, permafrost, and floating ice, Vivien Gornitz gives an up-to-date explanation of key current trends in the decline of ice mass. Drawing on a long-term perspective gained by examining changes in the cryosphere and corresponding variations in sea level over millions of years, she demonstrates the link between thawing ice and sea-level rise to point to the social and economic challenges on the horizon. Gornitz highlights the widespread repercussions of ice loss, which will affect countless people far removed from frozen regions, to explain why the big meltdown matters to us all. Written for all readers and students interested in the science of our changing climate, Vanishing Ice is an accessible and lucid warning of the coming thaw.

Some Elements of Iceberg Technology

Some Elements of Iceberg Technology Book
Author : W. F. Weeks
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Some Elements of Iceberg Technology book written by W. F. Weeks, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.