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The Parallel Process

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The Parallel Process

The Parallel Process Book
Author : Krissy Pozatek
Publisher : Lantern Books
Release : 2010-12-01
ISBN : 1590562488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For many parents of troubled teenagers, a therapeutic program that takes the child from the home for a period of time offers some respite from the daily tumult of acting out, lies, and tension that has left the family under siege. However, just as the teenager is embarking on a journey of self-discovery, skill-development, and emotional maturation, so parents too need to use this time to recognize that their own patterns may have contributed to their family s downward spiral. This is "The Parallel Process."Using case studies garnered from her many years as an adolescent and family therapist, Krissy Pozatek shows parents of pre-teens, adolescents, and young adults how they can help their children by attuning to emotions, setting limits, not rushing to their rescue, and allowing them to take responsibility for their actions, while recognizing their own patterns of emotional withdrawal, workaholism, and of surrendering their lives and personalities to parenting. "The Parallel Process" is an essential primer for all parents, whether of troubled teens or not, who are seeking to help the family stay and grow together as they negotiate the potentially difficult teenage years."

A Calculus of Distributed and Parallel Processes

A Calculus of Distributed and Parallel Processes Book
Author : Clemens H. Cap
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3322867633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces a process calculus for parallel, distributed and reactive systems. It describes the conceptual foundations as well as the mathematical theory behind a programming language, and a number of application examples. The chosen approach provides a framework for understanding the semantics of parallel and distributed systems. Moreover, it can be directly applied to practical problems.

Brave Parenting

Brave Parenting Book
Author : Krissy Pozatek
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2014-04-01
ISBN : 1614291098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do we build resilient children who can handle life's challenges? As parents today, we often feel that our role is to protect our children from the world: to cushion them when they fall, to lift them over obstacles, and to remove sharp rocks from their path. But controling a child’s entire environment and keeping all pain at bay isn’t feasible—we can’t prepare the world for our children, so instead we should focus on preparing our children for the world. “The solution is not removing impediments from our children’s lives,” writes Krissy Pozatek, “it is compassionately encouraging them to be brave.” We need to show our kids how to navigate their own terrain. If our kids face small hurdles, small pains, at a young age and learn to overcome these obstacles, they will be much better equipped to face larger trouble later in life. Early lessons in problem solving teach self-confidence and self-reliance—and show us that our kids are tougher than we think. Krissy draws her lessons from her experience guiding children in wilderness therapy and from her Buddhist practice—showing us that all life is as unpredictable as mountain weather, that impermanence is the only constant, and that the most loving act a parent can do is fearlessly ready their child to face the wilderness. For parents of children of all ages.

Parallel Processing and Parallel Algorithms

Parallel Processing and Parallel Algorithms Book
Author : Seyed H Roosta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461212200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Motivation It is now possible to build powerful single-processor and multiprocessor systems and use them efficiently for data processing, which has seen an explosive ex pansion in many areas of computer science and engineering. One approach to meeting the performance requirements of the applications has been to utilize the most powerful single-processor system that is available. When such a system does not provide the performance requirements, pipelined and parallel process ing structures can be employed. The concept of parallel processing is a depar ture from sequential processing. In sequential computation one processor is in volved and performs one operation at a time. On the other hand, in parallel computation several processors cooperate to solve a problem, which reduces computing time because several operations can be carried out simultaneously. Using several processors that work together on a given computation illustrates a new paradigm in computer problem solving which is completely different from sequential processing. From the practical point of view, this provides sufficient justification to investigate the concept of parallel processing and related issues, such as parallel algorithms. Parallel processing involves utilizing several factors, such as parallel architectures, parallel algorithms, parallel programming lan guages and performance analysis, which are strongly interrelated. In general, four steps are involved in performing a computational problem in parallel. The first step is to understand the nature of computations in the specific application domain.

Parallel Processing for Scientific Computing

Parallel Processing for Scientific Computing Book
Author : Michael A. Heroux,Padma Raghavan,Horst D. Simon
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 9780898718133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parallel processing has been an enabling technology in scientific computing for more than 20 years. This book is the first in-depth discussion of parallel computing in 10 years; it reflects the mix of topics that mathematicians, computer scientists, and computational scientists focus on to make parallel processing effective for scientific problems. Presently, the impact of parallel processing on scientific computing varies greatly across disciplines, but it plays a vital role in most problem domains and is absolutely essential in many of them. Parallel Processing for Scientific Computing is divided into four parts: The first concerns performance modeling, analysis, and optimization; the second focuses on parallel algorithms and software for an array of problems common to many modeling and simulation applications; the third emphasizes tools and environments that can ease and enhance the process of application development; and the fourth provides a sampling of applications that require parallel computing for scaling to solve larger and realistic models that can advance science and engineering.

Scheduling for Parallel Processing

Scheduling for Parallel Processing Book
Author : Maciej Drozdowski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-14
ISBN : 184882310X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Overview and Goals This book is dedicated to scheduling for parallel processing. Presenting a research ?eld as broad as this one poses considerable dif?culties. Scheduling for parallel computing is an interdisciplinary subject joining many ?elds of science and te- nology. Thus, to understand the scheduling problems and the methods of solving them it is necessary to know the limitations in related areas. Another dif?culty is that the subject of scheduling parallel computations is immense. Even simple search in bibliographical databases reveals thousands of publications on this topic. The - versity in understanding scheduling problems is so great that it seems impossible to juxtapose them in one scheduling taxonomy. Therefore, most of the papers on scheduling for parallel processing refer to one scheduling problem resulting from one way of perceiving the reality. Only a few publications attempt to arrange this ?eld of knowledge systematically. In this book we will follow two guidelines. One guideline is a distinction - tween scheduling models which comprise a set of scheduling problems solved by dedicated algorithms. Thus, the aim of this book is to present scheduling models for parallel processing, problems de?ned on the grounds of certain scheduling models, and algorithms solving the scheduling problems. Most of the scheduling problems are combinatorial in nature. Therefore, the second guideline is the methodology of computational complexity theory. Inthisbookwepresentfourexamplesofschedulingmodels. Wewillgodeepinto the models, problems, and algorithms so that after acquiring some understanding of them we will attempt to draw conclusions on their mutual relationships.

Parallel Processing for Artificial Intelligence 1

Parallel Processing for Artificial Intelligence 1 Book
Author : L.N. Kanal,H. Kitano,V. Kumar,C.B. Suttner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-28
ISBN : 1483295745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parallel processing for AI problems is of great current interest because of its potential for alleviating the computational demands of AI procedures. The articles in this book consider parallel processing for problems in several areas of artificial intelligence: image processing, knowledge representation in semantic networks, production rules, mechanization of logic, constraint satisfaction, parsing of natural language, data filtering and data mining. The publication is divided into six sections. The first addresses parallel computing for processing and understanding images. The second discusses parallel processing for semantic networks, which are widely used means for representing knowledge - methods which enable efficient and flexible processing of semantic networks are expected to have high utility for building large-scale knowledge-based systems. The third section explores the automatic parallel execution of production systems, which are used extensively in building rule-based expert systems - systems containing large numbers of rules are slow to execute and can significantly benefit from automatic parallel execution. The exploitation of parallelism for the mechanization of logic is dealt with in the fourth section. While sequential control aspects pose problems for the parallelization of production systems, logic has a purely declarative interpretation which does not demand a particular evaluation strategy. In this area, therefore, very large search spaces provide significant potential for parallelism. In particular, this is true for automated theorem proving. The fifth section considers the problem of constraint satisfaction, which is a useful abstraction of a number of important problems in AI and other fields of computer science. It also discusses the technique of consistent labeling as a preprocessing step in the constraint satisfaction problem. Section VI consists of two articles, each on a different, important topic. The first discusses parallel formulation for the Tree Adjoining Grammar (TAG), which is a powerful formalism for describing natural languages. The second examines the suitability of a parallel programming paradigm called Linda, for solving problems in artificial intelligence. Each of the areas discussed in the book holds many open problems, but it is believed that parallel processing will form a key ingredient in achieving at least partial solutions. It is hoped that the contributions, sourced from experts around the world, will inspire readers to take on these challenging areas of inquiry.

Destroying Sanctuary

Destroying Sanctuary Book
Author : Sandra L. Bloom,Brian Farragher
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-10-28
ISBN : 0199705437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For the last thirty years, the nation's mental health and social service systems have been under relentless assault, with dramatically rising costs and the fragmentation of service delivery rendering them incapable of ensuring the safety, security, and recovery of their clients. The resulting organizational trauma both mirrors and magnifies the trauma-related problems their clients seek relief from. Just as the lives of people exposed to chronic trauma and abuse become organized around the traumatic experience, so too have our social service systems become organized around the recurrent stress of trying to do more under greater pressure: they become crisis-oriented, authoritarian, disempowered, and demoralized, often living in the present moment, haunted by the past, and unable to plan for the future. Complex interactions among traumatized clients, stressed staff, pressured organizations, and a social and economic climate that is often hostile to recovery efforts recreate the very experiences that have proven so toxic to clients in the first place. Healing is possible for these clients if they enter helping, protective environments, yet toxic stress has destroyed the sanctuary that our systems are designed to provide. This thoughtful, impassioned critique of business as usual begins to outline a vision for transforming our mental health and social service systems. Linking trauma theory to organizational function, Destroying Sanctuary provides a framework for creating truly trauma-informed services. The organizational change method that has become known as the Sanctuary Model lays the groundwork for establishing safe havens for individual and organizational recovery. The goals are practical: improve clinical outcomes, increase staff satisfaction and health, increase leadership competence, and develop a technology for creating and sustaining healthier systems. Only in this way can our mental health and social service systems become empowered to make a more effective contribution to the overall health of the nation. Destroying Sanctuary is a stirring call for reform and recovery, required reading for anyone concerned with removing the formidable barriers to mental health and social services, from clinicians and administrators to consumer advocates.

Parallel Processing from Applications to Systems

Parallel Processing from Applications to Systems Book
Author : Dan I. Moldovan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-28
ISBN : 1483297519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides one of the broadest presentations of parallel processing available, including the structure of parallel processors and parallel algorithms. The emphasis is on mapping algorithms to highly parallel computers, with extensive coverage of array and multiprocessor architectures. Early chapters provide insightful coverage on the analysis of parallel algorithms and program transformations, effectively integrating a variety of material previously scattered throughout the literature. Theory and practice are well balanced across diverse topics in this concise presentation. For exceptional clarity and comprehension, the author presents complex material in geometric graphs as well as algebraic notation. Each chapter includes well-chosen examples, tables summarizing related key concepts and definitions, and a broad range of worked exercises. Overview of common hardware and theoretical models, including algorithm characteristics and impediments to fast performance Analysis of data dependencies and inherent parallelism through program examples, building from simple to complex Graphic and explanatory coverage of program transformations Easy-to-follow presentation of parallel processor structures and interconnection networks, including parallelizing and restructuring compilers Parallel synchronization methods and types of parallel operating systems Detailed descriptions of hypercube systems Specialized chapters on dataflow and on AI architectures

Techniques and Interventions for Play Therapy and Clinical Supervision

Techniques and Interventions for Play Therapy and Clinical Supervision Book
Author : Fazio-Griffith, Laura Jean,Marino, Reshelle
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-09-25
ISBN : 1799846296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of techniques and interventions for play therapy during the supervision process for graduate and post-graduate counselors provides a host of benefits for the counseling student, post-graduate intern, and supervisor. The counselor in training is able to experientially integrate theory with practice through the use of different modalities that provide reflection and insight into their work with clients. Additionally, the use of techniques and interventions for play therapy allows a secure and strong supervisory relationship, which allows the counselor in training to explore personal and professional goals; verbalize and conceptualize client issues, goals, and effective interventions; and develop counselor-client relationships that allow the client to progress during the therapeutic process. However, play therapy techniques and interventions are not often incorporated into the supervision process unless the clinician is a registered play therapist being supervised by a registered play therapist supervisor. Techniques and Interventions for Play Therapy and Clinical Supervision is a critical reference source that provides an opportunity for all clinicians to incorporate play therapy techniques and expressive art interventions into the process of supervision. It presents techniques and methods that allow for more effective supervision for counselors in training, which allows for more effective service delivery to clients. Highlighting topics that include play techniques in supervision, cognitive behavioral play therapy, and trauma, this book is ideal for individuals in a university, clinical, school, agency, etc. setting who provide supervision for counselors in training, including graduate students and postgraduate students. The book is an excellent supplement for clinical courses at universities with counseling programs and play therapy programs, as well as universities with graduate social work and psychology programs that have play therapy courses and provide play therapy supervision.

Parallel Learning of Reading and Writing in Early Childhood

Parallel Learning of Reading and Writing in Early Childhood Book
Author : Mary Shea
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2011-04-28
ISBN : 1136896945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parallel Learning of Reading and Writing in Early Childhood explores why it’s important to provide a balanced language learning environment for young children and offers approaches for children to practice and explore language. Writing – a different but parallel process – can open the door to reading, and an effective writing approach in the home and early childhood classrooms leads to the development of phonemic awareness, understanding of phonetic principles, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. Effective early childhood teachers are those that extend the knowledge children have amassed at home and use the knowledge of how children learn naturally in the world to inform their practice. This book offers the purpose, context, and outcomes of including writing right from the start in young children’s literacy learning. Through analysis of writing samples, research, and principles of best practices, Shea outlines the essential ingredients for early language learning and provides a developmentally appropriate approach to language learning. Throughout the chapters, Shea integrates discussion of assessment, classroom environment, instructional/teacher scaffolding, and differentiating instruction across developmental levels along with the supporting theory. Special features: vignettes and descriptions of Pre-K, K, and Grade 1 classrooms that incorporate writing across the day artifacts of children’s writing that demonstrate an evolution of knowledge related to both message and word construction concept labeling words and topic specific terms defined throughout the book to support the reader’s understanding of professional terminology discussion of seminal and current research as well as best practices Companion Website with lesson ideas and abundant writing samples from a wide range of demographic, cultural, and language contexts for readers to view, analyze, and discuss. This text offers pre- and in-service early childhood education teachers the content and resources to develop a deeper understanding of language learning, to prompt an examination of current practice, and to stimulate curricular re-designs that foster meaningful, joyful, and motivated learning.

Mining Very Large Databases with Parallel Processing

Mining Very Large Databases with Parallel Processing Book
Author : Alex A. Freitas,Simon H. Lavington
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461555213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mining Very Large Databases with Parallel Processing addresses the problem of large-scale data mining. It is an interdisciplinary text, describing advances in the integration of three computer science areas, namely `intelligent' (machine learning-based) data mining techniques, relational databases and parallel processing. The basic idea is to use concepts and techniques of the latter two areas - particularly parallel processing - to speed up and scale up data mining algorithms. The book is divided into three parts. The first part presents a comprehensive review of intelligent data mining techniques such as rule induction, instance-based learning, neural networks and genetic algorithms. Likewise, the second part presents a comprehensive review of parallel processing and parallel databases. Each of these parts includes an overview of commercially-available, state-of-the-art tools. The third part deals with the application of parallel processing to data mining. The emphasis is on finding generic, cost-effective solutions for realistic data volumes. Two parallel computational environments are discussed, the first excluding the use of commercial-strength DBMS, and the second using parallel DBMS servers. It is assumed that the reader has a knowledge roughly equivalent to a first degree (BSc) in accurate sciences, so that (s)he is reasonably familiar with basic concepts of statistics and computer science. The primary audience for Mining Very Large Databases with Parallel Processing is industry data miners and practitioners in general, who would like to apply intelligent data mining techniques to large amounts of data. The book will also be of interest to academic researchers and postgraduate students, particularly database researchers, interested in advanced, intelligent database applications, and artificial intelligence researchers interested in industrial, real-world applications of machine learning.

Brave Teaching

Brave Teaching Book
Author : Love, Sarah
Publisher : Lantern Books
Release : 2018-04-21
ISBN : 1590565770
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this companion volume to Brave Parenting, Krissy Pozatek, author of e Parallel Process, employs the skills she learned in wilderness therapy to show how teachers can build emotional resilience and regulation and mindfulness in their students, as well as nurture their ability to problem-solve and develop life-skills. With examples drawn from the practical experiences of Sarah Love, a fourth-grade teacher, Krissy demonstrates how educators can create a dynamic and engaged student body, communicate e ectively, and manage emotions and expectations in contemporary classrooms, schools, and in parent–teacher relationships.

Process Algebra for Parallel and Distributed Processing

Process Algebra for Parallel and Distributed Processing Book
Author : Michael Alexander,William Gardner
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-30
ISBN : 9780367386108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collects the Latest Research Involving the Application of Process Algebra to Computing Exploring state-of-the-art applications, Process Algebra for Parallel and Distributed Processing shows how one formal method of reasoning--process algebra--has become a powerful tool for solving design and implementation challenges of concurrent systems. Parallel Programming Divided into three parts, the book begins by parallelizing an algorithm for the Cell Broadband Engine processor of IBM, Sony, and Toshiba. It also develops a runtime environment that can be ported to different parallel platforms and describes the formal model of action systems. Distributed Systems The next part presents a process algebra (mCRL2) that targets distributed applications, looks at how to turn prose descriptions into unambiguous specifications, extends pi-calculus to create a service-oriented mobility abstract machine, and introduces the Channel Ambient Machine for mobile applications. Embedded Systems The final section combines state-based Z with the event-based process algebra CSP in a formal methodology called Circus. It also develops a pair of process algebras (PARS) to address the problem of scheduling in real-time embedded systems and emphasizes the reuse of concurrent artifacts across different hardware platforms. Highlighting recent research work, this volume addresses multicore programming problems and the evolution of the growing body of concurrency-enabled languages. It proposes solutions to the problems of designing and implementing today's concurrency-constrained multicore processor and cloud architectures.

Not by Chance

Not by Chance Book
Author : Tim Thayne
Publisher : Advantage Media Group
Release : 2013-11-15
ISBN : 1599323176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Your struggling teenager is going to a residential or wilderness treatment program. Their addictions, learning disabilities, or emotional/behavioral issues have brought you to a moment of decision. Heartsick, anxious, and exhausted, questions bounce endlessly around your mind, “Will this work? Was this really necessary? Will she ever forgive me? Can we handle him at home when the time comes?” Dr. Tim Thayne delivers the answers in his groundbreaking book Not by Chance. As an owner/therapist of wilderness and residential programs, Thayne was frustrated when young people made monumental progress, only to return home where things quickly unraveled. His mission became to vastly improve long-term success by crafting and proving a model to coach parents on their power to lead out through full engagement during treatment and management of the transition home. Not by Chance engages readers through solid research, simple exercises, and captivating stories taken from Thayne’s own life and the living rooms of hundreds of American homes. This book serves up concrete tools, hope, confidence, and stamina for families, professionals and mentors. Topics include: • Why good programs work • How to boost—not undermine—treatment • Nine dangers waiting after discharge • How to identify natural mentors for your teen • What to do when the testing begins • When and how to grant back privileges and freedoms • How to ease your young adult’s transition from treatment to independent living • When you know you’ve succeeded If you are even considering out-of-home treatment for your teen, do not gamble with the outcomes. Not by Chance should claim its rightful place on your nightstand.

Programming Massively Parallel Processors

Programming Massively Parallel Processors Book
Author : David B. Kirk,Wen-mei W. Hwu
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0123914183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Programming Massively Parallel Processors: A Hands-on Approach, Second Edition, teaches students how to program massively parallel processors. It offers a detailed discussion of various techniques for constructing parallel programs. Case studies are used to demonstrate the development process, which begins with computational thinking and ends with effective and efficient parallel programs. This guide shows both student and professional alike the basic concepts of parallel programming and GPU architecture. Topics of performance, floating-point format, parallel patterns, and dynamic parallelism are covered in depth. This revised edition contains more parallel programming examples, commonly-used libraries such as Thrust, and explanations of the latest tools. It also provides new coverage of CUDA 5.0, improved performance, enhanced development tools, increased hardware support, and more; increased coverage of related technology, OpenCL and new material on algorithm patterns, GPU clusters, host programming, and data parallelism; and two new case studies (on MRI reconstruction and molecular visualization) that explore the latest applications of CUDA and GPUs for scientific research and high-performance computing. This book should be a valuable resource for advanced students, software engineers, programmers, and hardware engineers. New coverage of CUDA 5.0, improved performance, enhanced development tools, increased hardware support, and more Increased coverage of related technology, OpenCL and new material on algorithm patterns, GPU clusters, host programming, and data parallelism Two new case studies (on MRI reconstruction and molecular visualization) explore the latest applications of CUDA and GPUs for scientific research and high-performance computing

When Family Businesses are Best

When Family Businesses are Best Book
Author : R. Carlock,J. Ward
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-10-14
ISBN : 0230294510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The authors explore how effective planning and communication helps business families around the world address growth challenges as they strive to become high performing multi-generation family enterprises. This book shows family businesses working together at their best.

R Programming for Data Science

R Programming for Data Science Book
Author : Roger Peng
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2012-04
ISBN : 9781365056826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data science has taken the world by storm. Every field of study and area of business has been affected as people increasingly realize the value of the incredible quantities of data being generated. But to extract value from those data, one needs to be tra

Concurrency in C Cookbook

Concurrency in C  Cookbook Book
Author : Stephen Cleary
Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Release : 2014-05-15
ISBN : 1491906693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

If you're one of the many developers uncertain about concurrent and multithreaded development, this practical cookbook will change your mind. With more than 75 code-rich recipes, author Stephen Cleary demonstrates parallel processing and asynchronous programming techniques, using libraries and language features in .NET 4.5 and C# 5.0. Concurrency is becoming more common in responsive and scalable application development, but it’s been extremely difficult to code. The detailed solutions in this cookbook show you how modern tools raise the level of abstraction, making concurrency much easier than before. Complete with ready-to-use code and discussions about how and why the solution works, you get recipes for using: async and await for asynchronous operations Parallel programming with the Task Parallel Library The TPL Dataflow library for creating dataflow pipelines Capabilities that Reactive Extensions build on top of LINQ Unit testing with concurrent code Interop scenarios for combining concurrent approaches Immutable, threadsafe, and producer/consumer collections Cancellation support in your concurrent code Asynchronous-friendly Object-Oriented Programming Thread synchronization for accessing data

Parallel Agile faster delivery fewer defects lower cost

Parallel Agile     faster delivery  fewer defects  lower cost Book
Author : Doug Rosenberg,Barry Boehm,Matt Stephens,Charles Suscheck,Shobha Rani Dhalipathi,Bo Wang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-03
ISBN : 3030307018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the beginning of software time, people have wondered why it isn’t possible to accelerate software projects by simply adding staff. This is sometimes known as the “nine women can’t make a baby in one month” problem. The most famous treatise declaring this to be impossible is Fred Brooks’ 1975 book The Mythical Man-Month, in which he declares that “adding more programmers to a late software project makes it later,” and indeed this has proven largely true over the decades. Aided by a domain-driven code generator that quickly creates database and API code, Parallel Agile (PA) achieves significant schedule compression using parallelism: as many developers as necessary can independently and concurrently develop the scenarios from initial prototype through production code. Projects can scale by elastic staffing, rather than by stretching schedules for larger development efforts. Schedule compression with a large team of developers working in parallel is analogous to hardware acceleration of compute problems using parallel CPUs. PA has some similarities with and differences from other Agile approaches. Like most Agile methods, PA "gets to code early" and uses feedback from executable software to drive requirements and design. PA uses technical prototyping as a risk-mitigation strategy, to help sanity-check requirements for feasibility, and to evaluate different technical architectures and technologies. Unlike many Agile methods, PA does not support "design by refactoring," and it doesn't drive designs from unit tests. Instead, PA uses a minimalist UML-based design approach (Agile/ICONIX) that starts out with a domain model to facilitate communication across the development team, and partitions the system along use case boundaries, which enables parallel development. Parallel Agile is fully compatible with the Incremental Commitment Spiral Model (ICSM), which involves concurrent effort of a systems engineering team, a development team, and a test team working alongside the developers. The authors have been researching and refining the PA process for several years on multiple test projects that have involved over 200 developers. The book’s example project details the design of one of these test projects, a crowdsourced traffic safety system.