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The Origins of Language Revisited

The Origins of Language Revisited Book
Author : Nobuo Masataka
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-06-12
ISBN : 9789811542527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the latest research on the origins of language, with a focus on the process of evolution and differentiation of language. It provides an update on the earlier successful book, “The Origins of Language” edited by Nobuo Masataka and published in 2008, with new content on emerging topics. Drawing on the empirical evidence in each respective chapter, the editor presents a coherent account of how language evolved, how music differentiated from language, and how humans finally became neurodivergent as a species. Chapters on nonhuman primate communication reveal that the evolution of language required the neural rewiring of circuits that controlled vocalization. Language contributed not only to the differentiation of our conceptual ability but also to the differentiation of psychic functions of concepts, emotion, and behavior. It is noteworthy that a rudimentary form of syntax (regularity of call sequences) has emerged in nonhuman primates. The following chapters explain how music differentiated from language, whereas the pre-linguistic system, or the “prosodic protolanguage,” in nonhuman primates provided a precursor for both language and music. Readers will gain a new understanding of music as a rudimentary form of language that has been discarded in the course of evolution and its role in restoring the primordial synthesis in the human psyche. The discussion leads to an inspiring insight into autism and neurodiversity in humans. This thought-provoking and carefully presented book will appeal to a wide range of readers in linguistics, psychology, phonology, biology, anthropology and music.

The Origins of Language Revisited

The Origins of Language Revisited Book
Author : Nobuo Masataka
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-05
ISBN : 9811542503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the latest research on the origins of language, with a focus on the process of evolution and differentiation of language. It provides an update on the earlier successful book, “The Origins of Language” edited by Nobuo Masataka and published in 2008, with new content on emerging topics. Drawing on the empirical evidence in each respective chapter, the editor presents a coherent account of how language evolved, how music differentiated from language, and how humans finally became neurodivergent as a species. Chapters on nonhuman primate communication reveal that the evolution of language required the neural rewiring of circuits that controlled vocalization. Language contributed not only to the differentiation of our conceptual ability but also to the differentiation of psychic functions of concepts, emotion, and behavior. It is noteworthy that a rudimentary form of syntax (regularity of call sequences) has emerged in nonhuman primates. The following chapters explain how music differentiated from language, whereas the pre-linguistic system, or the “prosodic protolanguage,” in nonhuman primates provided a precursor for both language and music. Readers will gain a new understanding of music as a rudimentary form of language that has been discarded in the course of evolution and its role in restoring the primordial synthesis in the human psyche. The discussion leads to an inspiring insight into autism and neurodiversity in humans. This thought-provoking and carefully presented book will appeal to a wide range of readers in linguistics, psychology, phonology, biology, anthropology and music.

The Signs of Language Revisited

The Signs of Language Revisited Book
Author : Karen Emmorey,Harlan L. Lane
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-04-15
ISBN : 1135669007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The burgeoning of research on signed language during the last two decades has had a major influence on several disciplines concerned with mind and language, including linguistics, neuroscience, cognitive psychology, child language acquisition, sociolinguistics, bilingualism, and deaf education. The genealogy of this research can be traced to a remarkable degree to a single pair of scholars, Ursula Bellugi and Edward Klima, who have conducted their research on signed language and educated scores of scholars in the field since the early 1970s. The Signs of Language Revisited has three major objectives: * presenting the latest findings and theories of leading scientists in numerous specialties from language acquisition in children to literacy and deaf people; * taking stock of the distance scholarship has come in a given field, where we are now, and where we should be headed; and * acknowledging and articulating the intellectual debt of the authors to Bellugi and Klima--in some cases through personal reminiscences. Thus, this book is also a document in the sociology and history of science.

Paul Val ry Revisited

Paul Val  ry Revisited Book
Author : Walter C. Putnam
Publisher : Twayne Publishers
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presenting the original French and his own faithful translations, Putnam explores poems from all phases of Valery's career, including the major early pieces from the Album de vers anciens (1920), the 512-line La Jeune Parque (1917), and the mature volume Charmes (1922). His close readings demonstrate, for example, how Valery's famous "Le Cimetiere marin" (1920) uses the metaphor of the sea in a meditation on life and death - "Let us run to the wave and reemerge in life!" - and explain the painstaking genesis, powerful language, and unexpected international success of La Jeune Parque. Putnam contrasts Valery's reputation during his life-time as the premier poet of France with more recent evaluations of his position in the realms of poetic theory and free thought. In a particularly fascinating chapter, he delves into the notes, queries, sketches, and observations inscribed in Valery's monumental Cahiers - the private notebooks that are considered the most revealing and modern of all the writings of one of our century's greatest minds. Finally, Putnam looks into the poet's political and social essays, where he finds that Valery's analysis of western civilization bears an especially urgent message for our modern times. As he guides us through Valery's complex oeuvre, Putnam illuminates the poet's links with the classical world; his interest in Poe and Mallarme; his high regard for language (with a capital L); his dedication to the study of science and mathematics; and the "revolution of the mind" he experienced in 1892, when he turned his back on poetry and dedicated himself to gaining "maximum knowledge and control of his intellect." Putnam evokes the rich friendships and artistic affinities Valery shared with Mallarme, Gide, and Pierre Louys, as well as his appreciation of Debussy, Monet, Renoir, Degas, and Bergson in France, and Conrad, Eliot, Joyce, and Rilke among the many other European luminaries of his milieu. He also discusses Valery's personal and literary relationship after World War I with Andre Breton and the burgeoning surrealist movement - a movement whose poetics differed so significantly from his own.

Hermann Paul s Principles of Language History Revisited

Hermann Paul s  Principles of Language History  Revisited Book
Author : Peter Auer,Robert W. Murray
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2015-07-31
ISBN : 3110384736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hermann Paul's Prinzipien der Sprachgeschichte served as the most important codification and development of Neogrammarian thought for more than four decades. Four well-known linguists have translated specially selected chapters of the Prinzipien into English and provide their reflections on Hermann Paul's contribution on a range of topics.

                           Book
Author : 曹廣順,Hilary Chappell,Redouane Djamouri,Thekla Wiebusch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download book written by 曹廣順,Hilary Chappell,Redouane Djamouri,Thekla Wiebusch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Generative Enterprise Revisited

The Generative Enterprise Revisited Book
Author : Noam Chomsky
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 3110902443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spanning more than two decades of thinking about generative approaches to Universal Grammar, the two interviews with Noam Chomsky in this book permit a rare and illuminating insight into his views on numerous issues in linguistics and beyond. The first discussion dates from the early days of the so-called Government Binding Theory, the second one took place after a decade of Minimalism. Thereby the evolution and the dynamics in linguistic theorizing are dramatically revealed. Scholars of grammar, cognitive scientists, philosophers will profit by reading this book, but anyone with an ardent interest in this marvellous, eminently human achievement of evolution called language will want to read about it in the words of the undisputed grand master of linguistic research, Noam Chomsky.

Written Language Revisited

Written Language Revisited Book
Author : Josef Vachek
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release : 1989-01-01
ISBN : 902727410X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Josef Vachek, one of the last living exponents of the Prague School, has dedicated 50 years of his life to the study of written language in all its aspects. This volume is a tribute to him on the occasion of his 80th birthday. It contains a selection of his papers written between 1945 and 1987. Contents Writing and phonetic transcription; Written language and printed language; The linguistic status of written utterances; The primacy of writing?; Segmentation of the flow of speech and written language; The stylistics of written language; Glossematics and written language; Paralinguistic sounds, written language and language development; Written language as a heterogenous system; The 1929 Praguian Theses, internal speech, and written language; Written language seen from the functionalist angle; On the problem of written language; The development of the written norm of English; Puristic tendencies in written language; Redundancy in written language with special regard to capitalization of graphemes; Spelling as an important linguistic concept; Pluridimensionality of written utterances and its consequences; Revaluations of redundant graphemes; Thoughts on some fifty years of research in written language.

The Signs of Language Revisited

The Signs of Language Revisited Book
Author : Karen Emmorey,Harlan L. Lane
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-04-15
ISBN : 1135669015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The burgeoning of research on signed language during the last two decades has had a major influence on several disciplines concerned with mind and language, including linguistics, neuroscience, cognitive psychology, child language acquisition, sociolinguistics, bilingualism, and deaf education. The genealogy of this research can be traced to a remarkable degree to a single pair of scholars, Ursula Bellugi and Edward Klima, who have conducted their research on signed language and educated scores of scholars in the field since the early 1970s. The Signs of Language Revisited has three major objectives: * presenting the latest findings and theories of leading scientists in numerous specialties from language acquisition in children to literacy and deaf people; * taking stock of the distance scholarship has come in a given field, where we are now, and where we should be headed; and * acknowledging and articulating the intellectual debt of the authors to Bellugi and Klima--in some cases through personal reminiscences. Thus, this book is also a document in the sociology and history of science.

Intersensory Origin of Mind

Intersensory Origin of Mind Book
Author : Thorne Shipley
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-02-01
ISBN : 1134810989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Intersensory Origin of Mind Thorne Shipley proposes a fundamental revision of the core of modern psychology. With a serious respect for the history of science, Shipley shows the profound limits of linear, mechanistic and naively reductionistic accounts of the mind, and proposes instead a sensory rationalist position which builds on the principles of emergent evolution. Combining several diverse perspectives, from the physiological optics of Helmholtz, the perceptual science of Kohler, the visual electrophysiology of Hubel/Wiesel to the theories of Dewey, Polanyi, Cassirer, Chomsky and Piaget, Intersensory Origin of Mind is an ambitious synthesis of sensory science. It will need to be read by anyone with an interest in philosophical psychology, the nature of human consciousness and the origin of mind.

The Origins of Musicality

The Origins of Musicality Book
Author : Henkjan Honing,W. Tecumseh Fitch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-08-20
ISBN : 0262538512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interdisciplinary perspectives on the capacity to perceive, appreciate, and make music. Research shows that all humans have a predisposition for music, just as they do for language. All of us can perceive and enjoy music, even if we can't carry a tune and consider ourselves "unmusical." This volume offers interdisciplinary perspectives on the capacity to perceive, appreciate, and make music. Scholars from biology, musicology, neurology, genetics, computer science, anthropology, psychology, and other fields consider what music is for and why every human culture has it; whether musicality is a uniquely human capacity; and what biological and cognitive mechanisms underlie it. Contributors outline a research program in musicality, and discuss issues in studying the evolution of music; consider principles, constraints, and theories of origins; review musicality from cross-cultural, cross-species, and cross-domain perspectives; discuss the computational modeling of animal song and creativity; and offer a historical context for the study of musicality. The volume aims to identify the basic neurocognitive mechanisms that constitute musicality (and effective ways to study these in human and nonhuman animals) and to develop a method for analyzing musical phenotypes that point to the biological basis of musicality. Contributors Jorge L. Armony, Judith Becker, Simon E. Fisher, W. Tecumseh Fitch, Bruno Gingras, Jessica Grahn, Yuko Hattori, Marisa Hoeschele, Henkjan Honing, David Huron, Dieuwke Hupkes, Yukiko Kikuchi, Julia Kursell, Marie- laine Lagrois, Hugo Merchant, Bj rn Merker, Iain Morley, Aniruddh D. Patel, Isabelle Peretz, Martin Rohrmeier, Constance Scharff, Carel ten Cate, Laurel J. Trainor, Sandra E. Trehub, Peter Tyack, Dominique Vuvan, Geraint Wiggins, Willem Zuidema

Black Athena Revisited

Black Athena Revisited Book
Author : Mary R. Lefkowitz,Guy MacLean Rogers
Publisher : UNC Press Books
Release : 2014-03-24
ISBN : 1469620324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Was Western civilization founded by ancient Egyptians and Phoenicians? Can the ancient Egyptians usefully be called black? Did the ancient Greeks borrow religion, science, and philosophy from the Egyptians and Phoenicians? Have scholars ignored the Afroasiatic roots of Western civilization as a result of racism and anti-Semitism? In this collection of twenty essays, leading scholars in a broad range of disciplines confront the claims made by Martin Bernal in Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization. In that work, Bernal proposed a radical reinterpretation of the roots of classical civilization, contending that ancient Greek culture derived from Egypt and Phoenicia and that European scholars have been biased against the notion of Egyptian and Phoenician influence on Western civilization. The contributors to this volume argue that Bernal's claims are exaggerated and in many cases unjustified. Topics covered include race and physical anthropology; the question of an Egyptian invasion of Greece; the origins of Greek language, philosophy, and science; and racism and anti-Semitism in classical scholarship. In the conclusion to the volume, the editors propose an entirely new scholarly framework for understanding the relationship between the cultures of the ancient Near East and Greece and the origins of Western civilization. The contributors are: John Baines, professor of Egyptology, University of Oxford Kathryn A. Bard, assistant professor of archaeology, Boston University C. Loring Brace, professor of anthropology and curator of biological anthropology in the Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan John E. Coleman, professor of classics, Cornell University Edith Hall, lecturer in classics, University of Reading, England Jay H. Jasanoff, Jacob Gould Schurman Professor of Linguistics, Cornell University Richard Jenkyns, fellow and tutor, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, and university lecturer in classics, University of Oxford Mary R. Lefkowitz, Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities, Wellesley College Mario Liverani, professor of ancient near eastern history, Universita di Roma, 'La Sapienza' Sarah P. Morris, professor of classics, University of California at Los Angeles Robert E. Norton, associate professor of German, Vassar College Alan Nussbaum, associate professor of classics, Cornell University David O'Connor, professor of Egyptology and curator in charge of the Egyptian section of the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania Robert Palter, Dana Professor Emeritus of the History of Science, Trinity College, Connecticut Guy MacLean Rogers, associate professor of Greek and Latin and history, Wellesley College Frank M. Snowden, Jr., professor of classics emeritus, Howard University Lawrence A. Tritle, associate professor of history, Loyola Marymount University Emily T. Vermeule, Samuel E. Zemurray, Jr., and Doris Zemurray Stone-Radcliffe Professor Emerita, Harvard University Frank J. Yurco, Egyptologist, Field Museum of Natural History and the University of Chicago

History of Ancient India Revisited A Vedic Puranic View

History of Ancient India Revisited  A Vedic Puranic View  Book
Author : Omesh K. Chopra
Publisher : BlueRose Publishers
Release : 2020-03-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Vedic-Puranic literature as well as archaeological, geological, historical, linguistic, and literary accounts have been reviewed to establish the various cultures that evolved in ancient India from about 3500 BCE to the Mahabharata War (1450 BCE). The book describes various misconceptions, e.g., the myth about an Aryan invasion. The following markers are used to establish the dates and geographical locations of various cultures: (i) The rise in sea levels due to melting of land-based snow after the last Ice Age. (ii) Migration of the Dravidian people from the lost continent of Kumari Kandam that submerged under the Indian Ocean. (iii) The dates for the start of farming, use of kiln-baked bricks, domestication of horses, and metal working in the Indian subcontinent. (iv) The dates when Sarasvati River dried up and the Mahabharata War occurred. The book notes that asva-containing or rath-containing names could not have existed before horses were domesticated or chariots were in use. The book also notes that Mathura Krsna is different from Dwarka Krsna; the two are separated by more then 1000 years. During Mathura Krsna’s time, conflicts were settled by hand-to-hand combat or with the use of a mace. In contrast, during Dwarka Krsna’s time, metal arms were used.

Origin of Species Revisited

Origin of Species Revisited Book
Author : Donald R. Forsdyke
Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Release : 2001-10-09
ISBN : 0773569626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The trail led first to Joseph Hooker and Thomas Huxley, who had been both the theory's strongest supporters and its most penetrating critics, and eventually to Darwin's young research associate, the Victorian Georges Romanes, and to the Victorian-Edwardian, William Bateson. Although these men were well-known, their resolution of the origin of species paradox has either been ignored (Romanes), or ignored and reviled (Bateson). Four years after Darwin's death, Romanes published a theory of the origin of species by means of "physiological selection" that resolved the inconsistencies in Darwin's theory and introduced the idea of a "peculiarity" of the reproductive system that allowed selective fertility between "physiological complements." Forsdyke argues that the chemical basis of the origin of species by physiological selection is actually the species-dependent component of the base composition of DNA, showing that Romanes thus anticipated modern biochemistry. Using this new perspective Forsdyke considers some of the outstanding problems in biology and medicine, including the question of how "self" is distinguished from "not-self" by members of different species. Finally he examines the political and ideological forces that led to Romanes' contribution to evolutionary biology which has remained unappreciated until now.

Origins Reconsidered

Origins Reconsidered Book
Author : Richard E. Leakey,Roger Lewin
Publisher : Doubleday Books
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reassesses human prehistory, incorporating ideas from philosophy, anthropology, molecular biology, and linguistics to explore how humans acquired the qualities of consciousness and humanity

Revisiting the Origins of Human Rights

Revisiting the Origins of Human Rights Book
Author : Pamela Slotte,Miia Halme
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-09-11
ISBN : 1107107644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scholars of history, law, theology and anthropology critically revisit the history of human rights.

Punjab Revisited

Punjab Revisited Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Punjab Revisited book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Psychology of the Language Learner Revisited

The Psychology of the Language Learner Revisited Book
Author : Zoltan Dornyei,Stephen Ryan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-04-24
ISBN : 1317699823
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past decade, the focus of inquiry into the psychology of SLA has shifted from the analysis of various characteristics within individuals towards a greater consideration of individuals’ dynamic interactions with diverse contexts. This revisit of the bestselling The Psychology of the Language Learner reflects on these developments by challenging some of the assumptions upon which the original text was based, maintaining the familiar structure of the original, while situating the discussion within a very different theoretical framework. Written in a lively, accessible style, the book considers how the field has evolved and maintains a keen eye on the future, suggesting exciting new directions for the psychology of SLA. The Psychology of the Language Learner Revisited will appeal to students and researchers in a wide range of disciplines, including applied linguistics, second language acquisition, modern languages, and psychology.

Fichte s Addresses to the German Nation Reconsidered

Fichte s Addresses to the German Nation Reconsidered Book
Author : Daniel Breazeale,Tom Rockmore
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 2016-08-30
ISBN : 1438462565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essays on one of J. G. Fichte’s best-known and most controversial works. One of J. G. Fichte’s best-known works, Addresses to the German Nation is based on a series of speeches he gave in Berlin when the city was under French occupation. They feature Fichte’s diagnosis of his own era in European history as well as his call for a new sense of German national identity, based upon a common language and culture rather than “blood and soil.” These speeches, often interpreted as key documents in the rise of modern nationalism, also contain Fichte’s most sustained reflections on pedagogical issues, including his ideas for a new egalitarian system of Prussian national education. The contributors’ reconsideration of the speeches deal not only with technical philosophical issues such as the relationship between language and identity, and the tensions between universal and particular motifs in the text, but also with issues of broader concern, including education, nationalism, and the connection between morality and politics.

Human Biology

Human Biology Book
Author : Raymond Pearl
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes section "Recent literature useful in the study of human biology."