# The Nuts And Bolts Of Proofs

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## The Nuts and Bolts of Proofs

Author : Antonella Cupillari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-01-05
ISBN : 0123822173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Annotation The Nuts and Bolts of Proofs instructs students on the primary basic logic of mathematical proofs, showing how proofs of mathematical statements work. The text provides basic core techniques of how to read and write proofs through examples. The basic mechanics of proofs are provided for a methodical approach in gaining an understanding of the fundamentals to help students reach different results. A variety of fundamental proofs demonstrate the basic steps in the construction of a proof and numerous examples illustrate the method and detail necessary to prove various kinds of theorems.Jumps right in with the needed vocabulary-gets students thinking like mathematicians from the beginningOffers a large variety of examples and problems with solutions for students to work through on their ownIncludes a collection of exercises without solutions to help instructors prepare assignmentsContains an extensive list of basic mathematical definitions and concepts needed in abstract mathematics.

## The Nuts and Bolts of Proofs

Author : Antonella Cupillari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780121994518
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book leads readers through a progressive explanation of what mathematical proofs are, why they are important, and how they work, along with a presentation of basic techniques used to construct proofs. The Second Edition presents more examples, more exercises, a more complete treatment of mathematical induction and set theory, and it incorporates suggestions from students and colleagues. Since the mathematical concepts used are relatively elementary, the book can be used as a supplement in any post-calculus course. This title has been successfully class-tested for years. There is an index for easier reference, a more extensive list of definitions and concepts, and an updated bibliography. An extensive collection of exercises with complete answers are provided, enabling students to practice on their own. Additionally, there is a set of problems without solutions to make it easier for instructors to prepare homework assignments. * Successfully class-tested over a number of years * Index for easy reference * Extensive list of definitions and concepts * Updated biblography

## A Transition to Proof

Author : Neil R. Nicholson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-03-21
ISBN : 0429522002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

A Transition to Proof: An Introduction to Advanced Mathematics describes writing proofs as a creative process. There is a lot that goes into creating a mathematical proof before writing it. Ample discussion of how to figure out the "nuts and bolts'" of the proof takes place: thought processes, scratch work and ways to attack problems. Readers will learn not just how to write mathematics but also how to do mathematics. They will then learn to communicate mathematics effectively. The text emphasizes the creativity, intuition, and correct mathematical exposition as it prepares students for courses beyond the calculus sequence. The author urges readers to work to define their mathematical voices. This is done with style tips and strict "mathematical do’s and don’ts", which are presented in eye-catching "text-boxes" throughout the text. The end result enables readers to fully understand the fundamentals of proof. Features: The text is aimed at transition courses preparing students to take analysis Promotes creativity, intuition, and accuracy in exposition The language of proof is established in the first two chapters, which cover logic and set theory Includes chapters on cardinality and introductory topology

## Proofs from THE BOOK

Author : Martin Aigner,Günter M. Ziegler
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3662223430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

According to the great mathematician Paul Erdös, God maintains perfect mathematical proofs in The Book. This book presents the authors candidates for such "perfect proofs," those which contain brilliant ideas, clever connections, and wonderful observations, bringing new insight and surprising perspectives to problems from number theory, geometry, analysis, combinatorics, and graph theory. As a result, this book will be fun reading for anyone with an interest in mathematics.

## The Nuts and Bolts of Proofs

Author : Antonella Cupillari
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780120880591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Download The Nuts and Bolts of Proofs book written by Antonella Cupillari, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

## Book of Proof

Author : Richard H. Hammack
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-01-01
ISBN : 9780989472111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This book is an introduction to the language and standard proof methods of mathematics. It is a bridge from the computational courses (such as calculus or differential equations) that students typically encounter in their first year of college to a more abstract outlook. It lays a foundation for more theoretical courses such as topology, analysis and abstract algebra. Although it may be more meaningful to the student who has had some calculus, there is really no prerequisite other than a measure of mathematical maturity.

## The Way of Analysis

Author : Robert S. Strichartz
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780763714970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

The Way of Analysis gives a thorough account of real analysis in one or several variables, from the construction of the real number system to an introduction of the Lebesgue integral. The text provides proofs of all main results, as well as motivations, examples, applications, exercises, and formal chapter summaries. Additionally, there are three chapters on application of analysis, ordinary differential equations, Fourier series, and curves and surfaces to show how the techniques of analysis are used in concrete settings.

## Proofs and Refutations

Author : Imre Lakatos,Lakatos Imre
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1976
ISBN : 9780521290388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Proofs and Refutations is for those interested in the methodology, philosophy and history of mathematics.

## The Nuts and bolts of Paced ECG Interpretation

Author : Tom Kenny
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2009-04-08
ISBN : 1444311883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Nothing is more perplexing to the clinician new to device therapy than having to deal with cardiac electrocardiograms from a device patient. Pacemakers and other implantable cardiac rhythm management devices leave their “imprint” on ECGs and can significantly change what clinicians see - or expect to see. Evaluating paced ECGs can be challenging, yet nowhere is it taught in any sort of comprehensive manner. Designed specifically for clinicians new to device therapy, The Nuts and Bolts of Interpreting Paced ECGs and EGMs offers practical, reliable and objective information on paced cardiac electrograms. Written in a lively, intelligent and easy to navigate style, emphasizing real-life clinical practice and practical tips, this book includes illustrated paced ECGs by skilled artists to help minimize “fuzzy” lines and emphasize key points. Each chapter concludes with a checklist of key points from each subject (“Nuts and Bolts”).

## Ricci Flow and the Poincare Conjecture

Author : John W. Morgan,Gang Tian
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780821843284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

For over 100 years the Poincare Conjecture, which proposes a topological characterization of the 3-sphere, has been the central question in topology. Since its formulation, it has been repeatedly attacked, without success, using various topological methods. Its importance and difficulty were highlighted when it was chosen as one of the Clay Mathematics Institute's seven Millennium Prize Problems. in 2002 and 2003 Grigory Perelman posted three preprints showing how to use geometric arguments, in particular the Ricci flow as introduced and studied by Hamilton, to establish the Poincare Conjecture in the affirmative. This book provides full details of a complete proof of the Poincare Conjecture following Perelman's three preprints. After a lengthy introduction that outlines the entire argument, the book is divided into four parts. The first part reviews necessary results from Riemannian geometry and Ricci flow, including much of Hamilton's work. The second part starts with Perelman's length function, which is used to establish crucial non-collapsing theorems. Then it discusses the classification of non-collapsed, ancient solutions to the Ricci flow equation. The third part concerns the existence of Ricci flow with surgery for all positive time and an analysis of the topological and geometric changes introduced by surgery. The last part follows Perelman's third preprint to prove that when the initial Riemannian 3-manifold has finite fundamental group, Ricci flow with surgery becomes extinct after finite time. The proofs of the Poincare Conjecture and the closely related 3-dimensional spherical space-form conjectu The existence of Ricci flow with surgery has application to 3-manifolds far beyond the Poincare Conjecture. It forms the heart of the proof via Ricci flow of Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture. Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture, which classifies all compact 3-manifolds, will be the subject of a follow-up article. The organization of the material in this book differs from that given by Perelman. From the beginning the authors present all analytic and geometric arguments in the context of Ricci flow with surgery. in addition, the fourth part is a much-expanded version of Perelman's third preprint; it gives the first complete and detailed proof of the finite-time extinction theorem. With the large amount of background material that is presented and the detailed versions of the central arguments, this book is suitable for all mathematicians from advanced graduate students to specialists in geometry and topology. Clay Mathematics Institute Monograph Series The Clay Mathematics Institute Monograph Series publishes selected expositions of recent developments, both in emerging areas and in older subjects transformed by new insights or unifying ideas. Information for our distributors: Titles in this series are co-published with the Clay Mathematics Institute (Cambridge, MA).

## How to Prove It

Author : Daniel J. Velleman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2006-01-16
ISBN : 0521861241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

This new edition of Daniel J. Velleman's successful textbook contains over 200 new exercises, selected solutions, and an introduction to Proof Designer software.

Author : Thomas P. Dence,Joseph B. Dence
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-12-02
ISBN : 9780080959320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Advanced Calculus explores the theory of calculus and highlights the connections between calculus and real analysis – providing a mathematically sophisticated introduction to functional analytical concepts. The text is interesting to read and includes many illustrative worked-out examples and instructive exercises, and precise historical notes to aid in further exploration of calculus. It covers exponential function, and the development of trigonometric functions from the integral. The text is designed for a one-semester advanced calculus course for advanced undergraduates or graduate students. Appropriate rigor for a one-semester advanced calculus course Presents modern materials and nontraditional ways of stating and proving some results Includes precise historical notes throughout the book outstanding feature is the collection of exercises in each chapter Provides coverage of exponential function, and the development of trigonometric functions from the integral

## The Theory of Quantum Information

Author : John Watrous
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-04-26
ISBN : 1107180562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Formal development of the mathematical theory of quantum information with clear proofs and exercises. For graduate students and researchers.

## Math and Art

Author : Sasho Kalajdzievski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-04-28
ISBN : 1584889144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

Math and Art: An Introduction to Visual Mathematics explores the potential of mathematics to generate visually appealing objects and reveals some of the beauty of mathematics. With downloadable resources and a 16-page full-color insert, it includes numerous illustrations, computer-generated graphics, photographs, and art reproductions to demonstrate how mathematics can inspire art. Basic Math Topics and Their Visual Aspects Focusing on accessible, visually interesting, and mathematically relevant topics, the text unifies mathematics subjects through their visual and conceptual beauty. Sequentially organized according to mathematical maturity level, each chapter covers a cross section of mathematics, from fundamental Euclidean geometry, tilings, and fractals to hyperbolic geometry, platonic solids, and topology. For art students, the book stresses an understanding of the mathematical background of relatively complicated yet intriguing visual objects. For science students, it presents various elegant mathematical theories and notions. Comprehensive Material for a Math in Art Course Providing all of the material for a complete one-semester course on mathematics in art, this self-contained text shows how artistic practice with mathematics and a comprehension of mathematical concepts are needed to logically and creatively appreciate the field of mathematics.

## Research Design

Author : Patricia Leavy
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release : 2022-11-18
ISBN : 1462548970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

With a new chapter on the literature review, this accessible step-by-step guide to using the five major approaches to research design is now in a thoroughly revised second edition. The prior edition's user-friendly features are augmented by a new companion website with worksheets keyed to each chapter. For each approach, the text presents a template for a research proposal and explains how to conceptualize and fill in every section. Interdisciplinary research examples draw on current events and social justice issues. Unique coverage includes hot topics--replication studies, data sharing, and preregistration; tailoring proposals to different audiences; and more. Terminology commonly used in each approach is identified and key moments of ethical decision making are flagged. The book includes a general introduction to social research, an in-depth discussion of ethics, and a chapter on how to begin a research study. New to This Edition *New or expanded discussions of theory and literature in quantitative research, replication studies, preregistration of research, the critical paradigm in qualitative research, mixed methods research, approaching different kinds of organizations in community-based participatory research, and more. *Chapter on the literature review, including the ethics of citational practices. *Companion website with worksheets to aid in learning and practicing each chapter's key concepts. *Updated examples, references, and recommended readings throughout. Pedagogical Features *Multiple "Review Stops" in each chapter--quick quizzes with answer keys. *End-of-chapter writing exercises, research activities, and suggested resources. *Bolded key terms and an end-of-book glossary. *Boxed tips from experts in the respective approaches. *Pointers to downloadable worksheets throughout the chapters. *Author-created PowerPoints and chapter tests with answer keys available to instructors using the book in a course.

## Tales of Impossibility

Author : David S. Richeson
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2021-11-02
ISBN : 0691218722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

A comprehensive look at four of the most famous problems in mathematics Tales of Impossibility recounts the intriguing story of the renowned problems of antiquity, four of the most famous and studied questions in the history of mathematics. First posed by the ancient Greeks, these compass and straightedge problems—squaring the circle, trisecting an angle, doubling the cube, and inscribing regular polygons in a circle—have served as ever-present muses for mathematicians for more than two millennia. David Richeson follows the trail of these problems to show that ultimately their proofs—which demonstrated the impossibility of solving them using only a compass and straightedge—depended on and resulted in the growth of mathematics. Richeson investigates how celebrated luminaries, including Euclid, Archimedes, Viète, Descartes, Newton, and Gauss, labored to understand these problems and how many major mathematical discoveries were related to their explorations. Although the problems were based in geometry, their resolutions were not, and had to wait until the nineteenth century, when mathematicians had developed the theory of real and complex numbers, analytic geometry, algebra, and calculus. Pierre Wantzel, a little-known mathematician, and Ferdinand von Lindemann, through his work on pi, finally determined the problems were impossible to solve. Along the way, Richeson provides entertaining anecdotes connected to the problems, such as how the Indiana state legislature passed a bill setting an incorrect value for pi and how Leonardo da Vinci made elegant contributions in his own study of these problems. Taking readers from the classical period to the present, Tales of Impossibility chronicles how four unsolvable problems have captivated mathematical thinking for centuries.

## Euler s Gem

Author : David S. Richeson
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2019-07-23
ISBN : 0691191999
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

How a simple equation reshaped mathematics Leonhard Euler’s polyhedron formula describes the structure of many objects—from soccer balls and gemstones to Buckminster Fuller’s buildings and giant all-carbon molecules. Yet Euler’s theorem is so simple it can be explained to a child. From ancient Greek geometry to today’s cutting-edge research, Euler’s Gem celebrates the discovery of Euler’s beloved polyhedron formula and its far-reaching impact on topology, the study of shapes. Using wonderful examples and numerous illustrations, David Richeson presents this mathematical idea’s many elegant and unexpected applications, such as showing why there is always some windless spot on earth, how to measure the acreage of a tree farm by counting trees, and how many crayons are needed to color any map. Filled with a who’s who of brilliant mathematicians who questioned, refined, and contributed to a remarkable theorem’s development, Euler’s Gem will fascinate every mathematics enthusiast. This paperback edition contains a new preface by the author.

## Independent Component Analysis

Author : James V. Stone
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780262693158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

A fundamental problem in neural network research, as well as in many other disciplines, is finding a suitable representation of multivariate data, i.e. random vectors. For reasons of computational and conceptual simplicity, the representation is often sought as a linear transformation of the original data. In other words, each component of the representation is a linear combination of the original variables. Well-known linear transformation methods include principal component analysis, factor analysis, and projection pursuit. Independent component analysis (ICA) is a recently developed method in which the goal is to find a linear representation of nongaussian data so that the components are statistically independent, or as independent as possible. Such a representation seems to capture the essential structure of the data in many applications, including feature extraction and signal separation.

## Explaining Social Behavior

Author : Jon Elster
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-07-30
ISBN : 1107071186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

A substantially revised edition of Jon Elster's critically acclaimed book exploring the nature of social behavior and the social sciences.

## The Little Prover

Author : Daniel P. Friedman,Carl Eastlund
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2015-07-10
ISBN : 0262330571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

Book Description :

An introduction to writing proofs about computer programs, written in an accessible question-and-answer style, complete with step-by-step examples and a simple proof assistant. The Little Prover introduces inductive proofs as a way to determine facts about computer programs. It is written in an approachable, engaging style of question-and-answer, with the characteristic humor of The Little Schemer (fourth edition, MIT Press). Sometimes the best way to learn something is to sit down and do it; the book takes readers through step-by-step examples showing how to write inductive proofs. The Little Prover assumes only knowledge of recursive programs and lists (as presented in the first three chapters of The Little Schemer) and uses only a few terms beyond what novice programmers already know. The book comes with a simple proof assistant to help readers work through the book and complete solutions to every example.