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The Nutritional Biochemistry Of Chromium

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The Nutritional Biochemistry of Chromium III

The Nutritional Biochemistry of Chromium III  Book
Author : John Vincent
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-18
ISBN : 044464122X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Nutritional Biochemistry of Chromium(III), Second Edition, reviews the fields of chromium biochemistry and nutrition and how they have dramatically changed in the last decade. Editor John Vincent has lead much of the research that has resulted in new discoveries and reversals of previously held beliefs, such as health concerns surrounding the toxicity of chromium(III). New sections include a review of new evidence showing why chromium may not be an essential element, why national recommendations may need updating, and new data on the use of chromium supplementation in animal feeds. Discussions on the controversial topic of the role of chromium(III) at the molecular level in insulin signaling and information on cell cultures and in vitro assays of chromium toxicity are also covered. Examines all of the significant research surrounding chromium, providing discussion on both sides of controversial issues Features new evidence that shows why chromium may not be an essential element Details why national recommendations may need updating Edited by leading expert in the field of chromium, with new contributions from leaders in different aspects of chromium research

Nutritional Biochemistry Explained

Nutritional Biochemistry Explained Book
Author : Alexandra Preston
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2021-09-22
ISBN : 064692513X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nutritional Biochemistry Explained book written by Alexandra Preston, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

High Resolution EPR

High Resolution EPR Book
Author : Graeme Hanson,Lawrence Berliner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-19
ISBN : 0387848568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metalloproteins comprise approximately 30% of all known proteins, and are involved in a variety of biologically important processes, including oxygen transport, biosynthesis, electron transfer, biodegradation, drug metabolism, proteolysis, and hydrolysis of amides and esters, environmental sulfur and nitrogen cycles, and disease mechanisms. EPR spectroscopy has an important role in not only the geometric structural characterization of the redox cofactors in metalloproteins but also their electronic structure, as this is crucial for their reactivity. The advent of x-ray crystallographic snapshots of the active site redox cofactors in metalloenzymes in conjunction with high-resolution EPR spectroscopy has provided detailed structural insights into their catalytic mechanisms. This volume was conceived in 2005 at the Rocky Mountain Conference on Analytical Chemistry (EPR Symposium) to highlight the importance of high-resolution EPR spectroscopy to the structural (geometric and electronic) characterization of redox active cofactors in metalloproteins. We have been fortunate to have enlisted internationally recognized experts in this joint venture to provide the scientific community with an overview of high-resolution EPR and its application to metals in biology. This volume, High-Resolution EPR: Applications to Metalloenzymes and Metals in Medicine, covers high-resolution EPR methods, iron proteins, nickel and copper enzymes, and metals in medicine. An eloquent synopsis of each chapter is provided by John Pilbrow in the Introduction. A second volume, Metals in Biology: Applications of High-Resolution EPR to Metalloenzymes, will appear later this year covering the complement of other metalloproteins. One of the pioneers in the development of pulsed EPR and its application to metalloproteins was Arthur Schweiger, whose contribution we include in this volume. Unfortunately, he passed away suddenly during the preparation of this volume. The editors and coauthors are extremely honored to dedicate this volume to the memory of Arthur Schweiger in recognition of his technical advances and insights into pulsed EPR and its application to metalloproteins. Arthur was extremely humble and treated everyone with equal respect. He was a gifted educator with an ability to explain complex phenomena in terms of simple intuitive pictures, had a delightful personality, and continues to be sadly missed by the community. It is an honor for the editors to facilitate the dissemination of these excellent contributions to the scientific community. Suggestions for future volumes are always appreciated.

Foundations and Applications of Medical Biochemistry in Clinical Practice

Foundations and Applications of Medical Biochemistry in Clinical Practice Book
Author : John Neustadt Nd,Steve Pieczenik MD Phd
Publisher : iUniverse
Release : 2009
ISBN : 144012535X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The culmination of more than ten years of research by the authors, this book describes for the first time ever the scientific basis and clinical applications of medical biochemistry, a fundamental paradigm shift in medicine. This paradigm shift is so revolutionary that it has been called the Neustadt-Pieczenik Paradigm, which is the fusion and clinical applications of biochemistry, thermodynamics, physiology, fractal enzymology, nutritional medicine and laboratory testing to identify and correct the underlying causes of many diseases that are considered genetic in nature (eg, Phenylketonuria) and those that are not considered genetic (eg, mature onset asthma, depression, fatigue). In this new medicine, doctors must reject the failed, purely symptomatic treatments they learned in medical school and focus on learning and treating the underlying biochemical causes of disease. From the first documented clinical observations of biochemical individuality in the early 1900s to the development of sophisticated biochemical tests, the authors provide a detailed and stunning analysis of a new medical model to help millions and cure our ailing healthcare system. They uniquely contrast the conventional medical approach with the functional biochemical approach through extensive case studies on depression, arthritis, migraine headaches, seizures, rashes and more. This book is a must-read for physicians, medical students, nutritionists, and anyone looking to take charge of their health.

The Nutritional Trace Metals

The Nutritional Trace Metals Book
Author : Conor Reilly
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-15
ISBN : 140514811X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Nutritional Trace Metals covers the roles played by trace metals in human metabolism, a relatively neglected area of human metabolism and nutrition. The book focuses its attention on the vital roles played by the relatively small number of trace metal nutrients as components of a wide range of functional proteins. Its structure and content are largely based on the approach adopted by the author, Professor Conor Reilly, during more than 30 years of teaching nutrition to a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate students. The introductory chapter covers the roles of metals in life processes, the metal content of living systems and metals in food and diets. This is followed by chapters, each dealing with an individual trace metal. Those discussed are iron, zinc, copper, selenium, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, boron, vanadium, cobalt, silicon and arsenic. In each case attention is given to the metal's chemistry and metabolic roles, including absorption, transport, losses, status and essentiality, as well as the consequences both of deficiency and excess. The Nutritional Trace Metals is essential reading for nutritionists, dietitians and other health professionals, including physicians, who wish to know more about these vital components of the diet. The book will also be of value to food scientists, especially those involved in food fortification and pharmaceutical product formulation. It will be an invaluable reference volume in libraries of universities and research establishments involved in nutrition teaching and research. Conor Reilly is Emeritus Professor of Public Health at the Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, and is also Visiting Professor of Nutrition at Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, U.K.

The Biological and Environmental Chemistry of Chromium

The Biological and Environmental Chemistry of Chromium Book
Author : Sidney A. Katz,H. Salem
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 1994-10-13
ISBN : 9780471185857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Regulatory compliance officers, public health officials and scientists will find that 'The Biological and Environmental Chemistry of Chromium' offers a comprehensive treatment of the benefits and hazards associated with chromium and its compounds. Drawn from earlier works and current research, this volume offers extensive descriptions of the environmental chemistry associated with exposure to chromium in air, water, and food and the biochemistry of chromium involved with its absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination as well as the toxicology and nutritional aspects of chromium chemistry. Special emphasis is placed on the influence of chemical speciation and effects like absorption, transportation, distribution, elimination and toxicity of chromium. Organized and indexed as a reference work on the nutritional benefits and the toxicological consequences of exposure to chromium and its compounds, food scientists, regulators clinical and environmental scientists and everyone involved with chromium and its compounds will find this up-to-date volume invaluable.

Geriatric Nutrition

Geriatric Nutrition Book
Author : Associate Director Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare Center Little Rock Arkansas Ronni Chernoff, Ph.D., R.D.,Ronni Chernoff
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2013-08-01
ISBN : 1284031799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Updated to keep pace with changes in the field, Geriatric Nutrition: The Health Professional s Handbook, Fourth Edition, offers you an authoritative reference to help you understand the role of nutrition in the maintenance of health, the management of chronic conditions, and the treatment of serious illness. The Fourth Edition of this best-selling text provides a comprehensive review of nutritional assessment, intervention programs for the elderly, and health promotion activities."

Present Knowledge in Nutrition

Present Knowledge in Nutrition Book
Author : John W. Erdman, Jr.,Ian A. MacDonald,Steven H. Zeisel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-05-30
ISBN : 0470963107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Present Knowledge in Nutrition, 10th Edition provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of human nutrition, including micronutrients, systems biology, immunity, public health, international nutrition, and diet and disease prevention. This definitive reference captures the current state of this vital and dynamic science from an international perspective, featuring nearly 140 expert authors from 14 countries around the world. Now condensed to a single volume, this 10th edition contains new chapters on topics such as epigenetics, metabolomics, and sports nutrition.The remaining chapters have been thoroughly updated to reflect recent developments. Suggested reading lists are now provided for readers wishing to delve further into specific subject areas. An accompanying website provides book owners with access to an image bank of tables and figures as well as any updates the authors may post to their chapters between editions. Now available in both print and electronic formats, the 10th edition will serve as a valuable reference for researchers, health professionals, and policy experts as well as educators and advanced nutrition students.

The Bioinorganic Chemistry of Chromium

The Bioinorganic Chemistry of Chromium Book
Author : John Vincent
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-10-04
ISBN : 1118458850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chromium exists in nature as complexes of two stable oxidation states – trivalent chromium(III) and hexavalent chromium(VI). Although trivalent chromium is required in trace amounts for sugar and lipid metabolism in humans and its deficiency may cause a disease called chromium deficiency; hexavalent chromium is toxic and carcinogenic. As chromium compounds were used in dyes and paints and the tanning of leather, these compounds are often found in soil and groundwater at abandoned industrial sites, now needing environmental cleanup and remediation. The Bioinorganic Chemistry of Chromium: From Biochemistry to Environmental Toxicology takes a critical look at what the biochemical data indicate about chromium's role in the body and the biological mechanisms of its toxicology. Topics covered include: What do we know about the biochemical roles and mechanisms of chromium? Is chromium an essential element in the mammalian diet? Is chromium(III) effective as a nutraceutical, a therapeutic agent, and as a supplement in animal feed? What is the biochemistry behind the toxicology of chromium(III) and chromium(VI):the mechanisms of metabolism, genetic and epigenetic effects, and disruption of cell signalling? What are the current chromium(VI) policies and positions from regulatory agencies? The Bioinorganic Chemistry of Chromium: From Biochemistry to Environmental Toxicology is an important contribution to the bioinorganic and trace element biochemical fields which will find a place on the bookshelves of bioinorganic chemists, biochemists, inorganic chemists, toxicologists, nutritionists and regulatory affairs professionals.

Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance

Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance Book
Author : Debasis Bagchi,Sreejayan Nair,Chandan K. Sen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-07-26
ISBN : 0123964776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance: Muscle Building, Endurance, and Strength provides a comprehensive overview to understanding the integrated impact of nutrition on performance. The book is divided into five main themes: An introductory overview of the role of nutrition in human health Various types of physical exercises, including cardiovascular training, resistance training, aerobic and anaerobic exercise, bioenergetics, and energy balance. This section also covers the nutritional requirements associated with various fitness programs, as well as exercise and nutritional requirements in special populations, including the pre-pubertal, young, elderly, and disabled. Sports and nutritional requirements. The molecular mechanisms involved in muscle building A thorough review of various food, minerals, supplements, phytochemicals, amino acids, transition metals, small molecules and other ergogenic agents that have been implicated in muscle building and human performance This book is an ideal resource for nutritionists, dietitians, exercise physiologists, health practitioners, researchers, students, athletes, trainers, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge of nutrition and its role in human performance. Discusses the impact of nutrition, including food, minerals, vitamins, hormones, trace elements, etc., that can significantly attenuate/improve human performance and sports Addresses the molecular and cellular pathways involved in the physiology of muscle growth and the mechanisms by which nutrients affect muscle health, growth and maintenance Encompasses multiple forms of sports/performance and the salient contribution of appropriate nutrition on special populations, including nutritional guidelines and recommendations to athletes Strong focus on muscle building

Biochemistry of the Essential Ultratrace Elements

Biochemistry of the Essential Ultratrace Elements Book
Author : Earl Frieden
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468447750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The remarkable development of molecular biology has had its counterpart in an impressive growth of a segment of biology that might be described as atomic biology. The past several decades have witnessed an explosive growth in our knowledge of the many elements that are essential for life and maintenance of plants and animals. These essential elements include the bulk elements (hydro gen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur), the macrominerals (sodium, potas sium, calcium, magnesium, chloride, and phosphorus), and the trace elements. This last group includes the ultra trace elements and iron, zinc, and copper. Only the ultratrace elements are featured in this book. Iron has attracted so much research that two volumes are devoted to this metal-The Biochemistry of Non-Heme Iron by A. Bezkoravainy, Plenum Press, 1980, and The Biochemistry of Heme Iron (in preparation). Copper and zinc are also represented by a separate volume in this series. The present volume begins with a discussion of essentiality as applied to the elements and a survey of the entire spectrum of possible required elements.

Microscopy Applied to Materials Sciences and Life Sciences

Microscopy Applied to Materials Sciences and Life Sciences Book
Author : Ajay Vasudeo Rane,Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-11-21
ISBN : 1351251570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume, Microscopy Applied to Materials Sciences and Life Sciences. focuses on recent theoretical and practical advances in polymers and their blends, composites, and nanocompos¬ites related to their microscopic characterization. It highlights recent accomplishments and trends in the field of polymer nanocomposites and filled polymers related to microstructural characterization. This book gives an insight and better understanding into the development in microscopy as a tool for characterization. The book emphasizes recent research work in the field of microscopy in life sciences and materials sciences mainly related to its synthesis, characterizations, and applications. The book explains the application of microscopic techniques in life sciences and materials sciences, and their applications and state of current research carried out. The book aims to foster a better understanding of the properties of polymer composites by describing new techniques to measure microstructure property relationships and by utilizing techniques and expertise developed in the conventional filled polymer composites. Characterization techniques, particularly microstructural characterization, have proven to be extremely difficult because of the range of length-scales associated with these materials. Topics include: •Instrumentation and Techniques: advances in scanning probe microscopy, SEM, TEM, OM. 3D imaging and tomography, electron diffraction techniques and analytical microscopy, advances in sample preparation techniques in-situ microscopy, correlative microscopy in life and material sciences, low voltage electron microscopy. •Life Sciences: Structure and imaging of biomolecules, live cell imaging, neurobiology, organelles and cellular dynamics, multi-disciplinary approaches for medical and biological sciences, microscopic application in plants, microorganism and environmental science, super resolution microscopy in biological sciences. •Materials Sciences: materials for nanotechnology, metals alloys and inter-metallic, ceramics, composites, minerals and microscopy in cultural heritage, thin films, coatings, surfaces and interfaces, carbon based materials, polymers and soft materials and self-assembled materials, semiconductors and magnetic materials. Polymers and inorganic nanoparticles. The volume will be of significant interest to scientists working on the basic issues surrounding polymers, nanocomposites, and nanoparticulate-filled polymers, as well as those working in industry on applied problems, such as processing. Because of the multidisciplinary nature of this research, the book will be valuable to chemists, materials scientists, physicists, chemical engineers, and processing specialists who are involved and interested in the future frontiers of blends.

Advances in Nutritional Research Volume 1

Advances in Nutritional Research  Volume 1 Book
Author : Harold Hugh Draper
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Volume 1 of a series for graduate students and researchers in nutrition science presents authoritative information on the research status of current areas of importance, ranging from basic research, microbial, animal, and human nutrition to nutritional biochemistry, clinical nutrition, and toxicology and pathology. Aspects of various nutrients are specifically addressed in 11 papers covering: vitamin K and clotting; dietary chromium metabolism; metabolic copper disorders; protein intake regulation by amino acids; nutrition and aging; copper and zinc in cholesterol metabolism; amino acid nutriture in the chicken; free-radical reactions in vivo; nutritional consequences of infection; and human folate metabolism and deficiency. Each chapter contains an introduction to or history of the topic. A summary or conclusions are presented after a review of the literature. (wz).

Nutritional Elements and Clinical Biochemistry

Nutritional Elements and Clinical Biochemistry Book
Author : Marge A. Brewster
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461331684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The important role that the nutritional status exerts in determining the course of life from birth to death in the human being and especially its impact in disease states is only par tially appreciated at this time. Nutritional deficiencies are usually considered to be major problems only in under-privileged or developing populations, except for those occurring in specific diseases. This attitude is incorrect as indicated by reports of Bestrian et al (1974, 1976) and Merritt and Suskin (1979) and others who found evidence of nutritional depletion in as much as 50% of the patients in varied groups of hospitalized patients in the United States. Other studies, some of which are included in this book, emphasized the existence of deficiencies of certain specific nutrients. Despite evidence of nutritional deficiencies occurring more frequently than previously appreciated, there is no well established protocol of laboratory studies that the clinical chemist or scientist should provide to help the physician detect lack of essential nutrients before extensive and possibly irreparable damage has occurred to the individual patient. Considerable research data are needed to determine the best biologic material (i.e., erythrocytes, leucocytes, plasma, serum, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, lymph) for analysis to determine accurately at an early stage metabolic deficiencies due to a specific nutritional element. Improved techniques for analysis of key metabolites and nutrients are available in the research labora tory and many of them can be adapted to the clinical laboratory.

Nutrition

Nutrition Book
Author : Paul M. Insel,Don Ross,Kimberley McMahon,Melissa Bernstein
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 1284100057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for majors and advanced non-majors, the Sixth Edition of Nutrition provides a modern, comprehensive introduction to nutrition concepts, guidelines, and functions. Its student-focused approach provides readers with the knowledge they need to make informed decisions about their overall nutrition.

Binding Transport and Storage of Metal Ions in Biological Cells

Binding  Transport and Storage of Metal Ions in Biological Cells Book
Author : Wolfgang Maret,Anthony Wedd
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2014-07-09
ISBN : 1782622829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal ions play key roles in biology. Many are essential for catalysis, for electron transfer and for the fixation, sensing, and metabolism of gases. Others compete with those essential metal ions or have toxic or pharmacological effects. This book is structured around the periodic table and focuses on the control of metal ions in cells. It addresses the molecular aspects of binding, transport and storage that ensure balanced levels of the essential elements. Organisms have also developed mechanisms to deal with the non-essential metal ions. However, through new uses and manufacturing processes, organisms are increasingly exposed to changing levels of both essential and non-essential ions in new chemical forms. They may not have developed defenses against some of these forms (such as nanoparticles). Many diseases such as cancer, diabetes and neurodegeneration are associated with metal ion imbalance. There may be a deficiency of the essential metals, overload of either essential or non-essential metals or perturbation of the overall natural balance. This book is the first to comprehensively survey the molecular nature of the overall natural balance of metal ions in nutrition, toxicology and pharmacology. It is written as an introduction to research for students and researchers in academia and industry and begins with a chapter by Professor R J P Williams FRS.

Newer Methods of Nutritional Biochemistry V1

Newer Methods of Nutritional Biochemistry V1 Book
Author : Anthony Albanese
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323144926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Newer Methods of Nutritional Biochemistry: With Applications and Interpretations, Volume I, provides graduate biochemistry students and medical scientists with a compilation of biochemical procedures which have extensive applications in nutrition research. To this end, several approaches to further exploration of protein, carbohydrate, and fat metabolism and the interrelationship with enzymes, vitamins, and minerals are covered in some detail. Comprised of 11 chapters, this book discusses proteins and amino acids; utilization of dietary proteins; intestinal absorption; diet and tissue enzymes; and rates and the kinetics of enzyme formation and destruction in the living animal. It considers vitamins B1, B2, B6, niacin, and ascorbic acid; vitamin B12 and intrinsic factor; carbohydrates; fats, fatty acids, and sterols; minerals; and biostatistical methods for nutritional and metabolic investigations.

Molecular Genetic and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals

Molecular  Genetic  and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals Book
Author : James F Collins
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-14
ISBN : 0128023767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular, Genetic, and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals is a unique reference that provides a complete overview of the non-vitamin micronutrients, including calcium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, and zinc. In addition, the book covers the nutritional and toxicological properties of nonessential minerals chromium, fluoride and boron, and silicon and vanadium, as well as ultra-trace minerals and those with no established dietary requirement for humans. Users will find in-depth chapters on each essential mineral and mineral metabolism, along with discussions of dietary recommendations in the United States and around the world. Presents the only scientific reference to cover all of the nutritionally relevant essential major and trace minerals Provides a broad introductory chapter on each mineral to give readers valuable background and context Clarifies the cellular and molecular aspects of each mineral and its genetic and genomic aspects Includes coverage of all nutritionally relevant minerals—essential major trace minerals and ultra-trace minerals Underscores the important interactions between minerals so readers learn how metabolism of one mineral influences another

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Handbook of Nutrition and Food Book
Author : Carolyn D. Berdanier,Johanna T. Dwyer,David Heber
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1466505729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of the Handbook of Nutrition and Food follows the format of the bestselling earlier editions, providing a reference guide for many of the issues on health and well being that are affected by nutrition. Completely revised, the third edition contains 20 new chapters, 50 percent new figures, and updates to most of the previously existi

Encyclopedia of Food and Health

Encyclopedia of Food and Health Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-26
ISBN : 0123849535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Encyclopedia of Food and Health provides users with a solid bridge of current and accurate information spanning food production and processing, from distribution and consumption to health effects. The Encyclopedia comprises five volumes, each containing comprehensive, thorough coverage, and a writing style that is succinct and straightforward. Users will find this to be a meticulously organized resource of the best available summary and conclusions on each topic. Written from a truly international perspective, and covering of all areas of food science and health in over 550 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter, this updated encyclopedia is an invaluable resource for both research and educational needs. Identifies the essential nutrients and how to avoid their deficiencies Explores the use of diet to reduce disease risk and optimize health Compiles methods for detection and quantitation of food constituents, food additives and nutrients, and contaminants Contains coverage of all areas of food science and health in nearly 700 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter