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The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders Book
Author : Joseph D. Buxbaum,Patrick R. Hof
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 012391924X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism is no longer considered a rare disease, and the Center for Disease Control now estimates that upwards of 730,000 children in the US struggle with this isolating brain disorder. New research is leading to greater understanding of and ability to treat the disorder at an earlier age. It is hoped that further genetic and imaging studies will lead to biologically based diagnostic techniques that could help speed detection and allow early, more effective intervention. Edited by two leaders in the field, this volume offers a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings of the neuroscience behind autism of the past 20 years. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, the volume explores etiology, neuropathology, imaging, and pathways/models. Offering a broad background of ASDs with a unique focus on neurobiology, the volume offers more than the others on the market with a strictly clinical focus or a single authored perspective that fails to offer expert, comprehensive coverage. Researchers and graduate students alike with an interest in developmental disorders and autism will benefit, as will autism specialists across psychology and medicine looking to expand their expertise. Uniquely explores ASDs from a neurobiological angle, looking to uncover the molecular/cellular basis rather than to merely catalog the commonly used behavioral interventions Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for neurodevelopmental disorder researchers and autism specialists Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe - the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Neurobiology of Autism

The Neurobiology of Autism Book
Author : Margaret L. Bauman, M.D.,Thomas L. Kemper
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780801880476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For this long-anticipated new edition, neurologists Margaret L. Bauman and Thomas L. Kemper bring together leading researchers and clinicians to present the most current scientific knowledge and theories about autism. "Anyone doing research in autism or other developmental disorders will find this an invaluable book to read to make sure all areas are understood and to serve as a rich source of references." -- American Journal of Psychiatry

Social Cognition

Social Cognition Book
Author : Tricia Striano,Vincent Reid
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How we perceive and interpret the actions of others is crucial if we are to develop into healthy adults. It has even been argued that a lack of social cognitive skills lays a strong foundation for a variety of atypical developmental disorders, including autism. Fortunately, our understanding of how humans process and interpret each other's actions has increased by leaps and bounds in the past decade. At the vanguard of these encouraging developments has been groundbreaking research in the fields of cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, and autism. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is the first volume to fully integrate these areas of cutting-edge research on social cognition through contributions from some of the world's foremost experts in all three disciplines. The text is edited by distinguished development specialists who preface each section with chapter by chapter summaries that seamlessly link each of the contributing essays. Sections include related chapters on perspectives on social cognition, social cognition during infancy, social cognition and the adult brain, and social cognition: the challenge of autism. The text's final section serves as a commentary highlighting the fundamental issues that have been addressed in the text. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is an indispensable addition to the rapidly expanding field of social cognition—and will provide valuable new insights on how we think and learn.

The Neurology of Autism

The Neurology of Autism Book
Author : Mary Coleman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2005-08-04
ISBN : 0190292903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Neurology of Autism, Mary Coleman, Catalina Betancur, G. Robert DeLong, Christopher Gillberg, Yoshiko Nomura, Lorenzo Pavone, Martin Ruggieri, and Michele Zappella use the tools of neurological analysis to address a number of the major questions that have arisen in the study of autism. The answers they present have important implications for the direction of future autism research, diagnosis, and treatment. What are the neurological signs and symptoms of autism? The latest information is presented here in an in-depth discussion of epilepsy, cranial circumference, changes in muscle tone, stereotypies, and mutism found in children with autism. In addition, a template is provided for practitioners to follow when conducting neurological examinations of a child with autism. What are the best options for the treatment of autism? The current medical, educational, and alternative therapies are thoroughly reviewed and evaluated. Is autism reversible? The question is explored for syndromic autism, where diseases may have a transient autistic phase, and reviewed in detail for nonsyndromic autism. Is autism primarily a single disease, as originally described by Leo Kanner? Research presented here suggests that autism is, instead, a syndrome involving many disease entities. Has the incidence of autism been increasing in recent years? A sophisticated, historical review of autisms prevalence rates suggests that it has never been rare. What is the relationship between autism and Asperger syndrome? The latest evidence presented here sheds light on the degree to which both syndromes share more than clinical characteristics; they also have some similar findings in imaging, neuropathological, and genetic studies. Which components of the brains neural networks need to be impaired to cause the appearance of autistic symptoms? Although there are many candidate regions, dysfunction of the cerebellum and its circuits is noted to be of great interest. Student and professional researchers, practitioners, and parents will find this book to be a valuable resource for both the latest information from basic-science research and its application to the diagnosis and treatment of autism. "[This book] includes up-to-date genetic evidence, underlining the complexities of genetic/environmental influences...I recommend this easy and informative read." -European Journal of Pediatric Neurology "...authoritative." -The Lancet Neurology "Coleman's new book is an absolute must-read for anyone interested in the progress made in understanding the causes of autism. The field owes her a tribute worthy of someone who has transformed an area of neuroscience." -Simon Baron-Cohen in Nature Neuroscience "[I]nformative and comprehensive in its treatment of the neurologic basis of autism...well written and easy to understand...the contributing authors have done an excellent job of making complex medical concepts understandable to all. The glossary at the end of the book is extremely helpful in this regard. The book is well referenced, provides helpful tables throughout, and includes a summary of relevant points at the end of each chapter.The authors are to be commended for presenting a very balanced view of current knowledge; they also indicate what we do not yet understand about brain functioning in autism and provide an important road map for ongoing exploration." -Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp in The New England Journal of Medicine "At last it is recognised that developmental neurology is the appropriate context in which to explain autism. The authors of this volume, all pioneers in the field, consider new ideas on autism in this context. They succeed in making surprising and illuminating comparisons between autism and neurological disorders whose origin is already known. This work is a significant step towards understanding the causes of autistic disorders."-Uta Frith, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London "When and if the secret of autism is teased from the myriad disease states that exhibit the syndrome, it will be through efforts such as are represented in this volume. Dr. Coleman has 'picked the brains' of recognized experts from neurology and related sciences, and has assembled a wealth of up-to-date and meticulously referenced information regarding both those diseases and the core symptoms of autism." -Peter B. Rosenberger, Massachusetts General Hospital

Understanding Autism

Understanding Autism Book
Author : Steven O. Moldin,John L R Rubenstein
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-04-25
ISBN : 1420004204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taking an all-inclusive look at the subject, Understanding Autism: From Basic Neuroscience to Treatment reviews state-of-the-art research on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of autism. The book addresses potential mechanisms that may underlie the development of autism and the neural systems that are likely to be affected by these molecular, genetic, and infectious etiologies. It reviews key findings that inform diagnosis, epidemiology, clinical neuroscience, and treatment. The book concludes with a discussion of the economic cost of autism and provides a biomedical and public health perspective of the impact of this devastating disease. With chapters authored by clinical and basic researchers at the forefront of molecular and systems neuroscience, clinical neuroscience, and health economics, the book presents a powerful and comprehensive synthesis of current research on autism and its underlying neural substrates. The book's two editors are considered elite pioneers in this area of research. Dr. Rubenstein was recently elected to the highly prestigious Institute of the Medicine, an honor reserved for those most committed to professional achievement and public service.

Neuro Adventure Autism Art and the Brain

Neuro Adventure  Autism  Art  and the Brain Book
Author : Elisabete Castelon Konkiewitz,Edward B. Ziff
Publisher : Biota Publishing
Release : 2019-04-22
ISBN : 1615048014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gives a basic and broad but innovative view of autism. It seeks to rupture stereotypes and stigmas and starts with the story and paintings of the artist Camila Falchi, who has an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Camila's art is evidence of the complexity of her internal world and its variety of themes, intensity of feelings, daydreaming, fantasy, and dreams. This complexity compels us to question and rethink our perceptions of the autism spectrum, the mind, and creativity. As a neurologist and a neuroscientist, our goal with this book is to disseminate knowledge about autism, its characteristics, and potentials by means of the example of this artist.

Neurobiology of Autism

Neurobiology of Autism Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-11-27
ISBN : 0124199615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume in the International Review of Neurobiology is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into autism pathophysiology. Its chapters cover a wide range of etiologies, from genetics and development to environmental factors. In addition, it discusses key cell and behavioral phenotypes, including cortical and cerebellar phenotypes, as well as language and motor outputs. Finally, this volume's chapters on gene expression in the brain describe how genes may be connected to phenotypes in autism. Broad coverage of genetic and cellular phenotypes in autism Focused on basic research Chapters primarily written by new investigators with a fresh perspective on the biological underpinnings of autism

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder Book
Author : Susan P. Sherkow,Alexandra M. Harrison , M.D.
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2013-11-14
ISBN : 0765708639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Perspectives from Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience, offers a guide to understanding and treating the ASD toddler from the dual perspectives of psychoanalysis and neurofunction through describing in great detail intensive treatments of four children who began therapy as toddlers. The authors hypothesize that dyadic therapy and Reflective Network Therapy can impact a child by modifying the biochemistry of the brain, resulting in alteration of emotion and cognition. Their chapter on neurobiological mechanisms of change describes these hypotheses in depth.

Brain Connectivity in Autism

Brain Connectivity in Autism Book
Author : Rajesh K. Kana,Lucina Q. Uddin,Tal Kenet,Diane Chugani,Ralph-Axel Müller
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2014-09-23
ISBN : 2889192822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Brain Connectivity in Autism book written by Rajesh K. Kana,Lucina Q. Uddin,Tal Kenet,Diane Chugani,Ralph-Axel Müller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders Book
Author : David Amaral,Geraldine Dawson,Daniel Geschwind
Publisher : OUP USA
Release : 2011-06-17
ISBN : 0195371828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by the leading experts in autism research, this text provides a summary of all current knowledge related to the behavioral, experiential, and biomedical features of the autism spectrum disorders.

Patient based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience

Patient based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience Book
Author : Martha J. Farah,Todd E. Feinberg
Publisher : Bradford Books
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The cognitive disorders that follow brain damage are an important source of insights into the neural bases of human thought. This work offers state-of-the-art reviews of the patient-based approach to central issues in cognitive neuroscience by leaders in the field.

Tracing Autism

Tracing Autism Book
Author : Des Fitzgerald
Publisher : University of Washington Press
Release : 2017-07-10
ISBN : 0295741929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Tracing Autism, Des Fitzgerald offers an up-close account of the search for a neurological explanation of autism. As autism has gained cultural prominence with more diagnoses and more controversy, its biological causes remain elusive. Through in-depth interviews with neuroscientists, psychologists, and psychiatrists, Fitzgerald examines what it means to do scientific research in the ambiguous terrain of autism research, a field marked by shifting horizons of uncertainty and ambivalence. He draws out how autism scientists talk and feel their way through their research, demonstrating its profoundly affective character, and expanding our understanding of what is at stake in the new brain sciences.

The Neurobiology of Childhood

The Neurobiology of Childhood Book
Author : Susan L. Andersen,Daniel S. Pine
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-13
ISBN : 3642549136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past years there has been rapid progress in the understanding of how early life stress impacts psychopathology in children. The first two parts of this book present the basic principles of brain development and describe the most important neuronal systems. This includes systems involved in emotion processing, cognitive control, and social processes. These first two general sections are followed by an overview about recent research on various neuronal and psychiatric disorders, where environmental exposures and altered brain development play an important role: sleep, autism, ADHD and other developmental forms of psychopathology.

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Cerebellum in Autism

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Cerebellum in Autism Book
Author : Douglas Gregory Allen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autopsy and structural MRI studies have demonstrated that the most consistent site of neuroanatomic abnormality in autism is the cerebellum. An important question is how such pathology impacts cerebellar function. Traditional views hold that the cerebellum is dedicated to motor coordination, but recent functional MRI studies have challenged this view. One such study (Allen, G., Buxton, R.B., Wong, E., & Courchesne, E., 1997) demonstrated a dissociation between regions involved in attention and those involved in a motor task. Motor activation was localized to the anterior cerebellar hemisphere, while attention activation was localized to the superior posterior hemispheres. The present investigation examined activation in the cerebella of autistic patients and normal controls performing these same tasks. The prediction was that reductions in viable cerebellar tissue due to an early reduction of Purkinje cells would result in abnormally reduced activation. An anatomical region-of-interest (ROI) approach was employed. Eight patients with autism and eight normal controls matched for age, sex, handedness, and scores on the Wechsler Block Design and Object Assembly subtests participated. For the motor task, subjects pressed a button with the dominant thumb repeatedly at a comfortable pace, and activation was compared to rest in four ROIs: anterior vermis (AVe), anterior/posterior verinis (A/PVe), ipsilateral anterior hemisphere (iAH), and ipsilateral hemisphere lobule VI (iVI). Autistic individuals had significantly increased activation in A/PVe, iAH, and iVI. Exploratory analyses also showed increases in contralateral and posterior cerebellar regions. During the attention task, circles, squares, or triangles in red, green, or blue were presented one at a time at fixation. Subjects pressed a button to every target (e.g., any red shape). Activation during this task was compared to activation during passive visual stimulation in four ROIs: iVI and contralateral VI, and right and left hemisphere lobules VIIA. As predicted, autistic subjects had reduced activation relative to normal in all regions of the cerebellum. This group effect was particularly prominent after controlling for motor activation. These findings strongly suggest that the cerebellum is functioning abnormally in autism, lending further support to the role of cerebellar abnormality in this common and devastating neurodevelopmental condition.

Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders Book
Author : Professor of Child Psychiatry Pediatrics and Psychology and Director Child Study Center Donald J Cohen, M D,Donald J. Cohen,Fred R. Volkmar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes the newest work on motor functioning, social cognition, brain imaging, attentional mechanisms, emotional development, language functions and new genetic findings.

Autism and Talent

Autism and Talent Book
Author : Francesca Happé,Uta Frith
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2010-03-18
ISBN : 0199560145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Originating from a theme issue first published in Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological sciences."

Hall of Mirrors Shards of Clarity

Hall of Mirrors   Shards of Clarity Book
Author : Phoebe Caldwell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781911028772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawing on Phoebe Caldwell's 40 years of experience and expert knowledge of autism and Intensive Interaction, Hall of Mirrors - Shards of Clarity marries recent neuroscience research evidence and practical approaches used in care to cover a wide range of vital subjects. Sense of self, confirmation, sensory issues, case studies and neuroscience findings are explored and weaved together in an inspired way which brings aims to bring theory into practice and vice versa, while at the same time listening to the voices of people with autism. The result is to allow everyone in the autism field to take a few steps forward with how they interact and support autistic people. The journey in this book is one of exploration. Phoebe uses her experience of working with people on the autistic spectrum to consider what life is like for them and seeks to use new neuroscientific knowledge to help us understand better how this group of people see the world. In doing this she includes her own personal experiences, her years of work and most importantly the voices of people labelled as being on the autistic spectrum. This is an unusual synthesis and one which provides the reader with an accessible and interesting account and which makes a unique contribution to our understanding of each other. In trying to understand better how people see the world Phoebe takes the reader on a personal journey into the recent research which is revealing more about how our brains work to create our own unique perceptions and view of the world. Her interest and passion inform the pages and provide the reader with an accessible account in which the practical implications of the research are clearly stated. While many books now provide accounts of the lives of people labelled as being on the autistic spectrum, they are often written from one particular perspective. This book is interdisciplinary in its approach. As part of her journey Phoebe draws on history, psychology, neuroscience and personal narratives bringing them together through her own voice.

Movement Analysis of Young Children with Autism

Movement Analysis of Young Children with Autism Book
Author : Patricia A. Bober
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Movement Analysis of Young Children with Autism book written by Patricia A. Bober, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders Sourcebook

Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders Sourcebook Book
Author : Sandra J. Judd
Publisher : Omnigraphics Incorporated
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Provides basic consumer health information about the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders, available therapies and interventions, and related conditions. Includes index, glossary, and other resources"--Provided by publisher.

Autism and the Brain

Autism and the Brain Book
Author : Tatyana B Glezerman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-27
ISBN : 1461441129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For years, the typical presentation of autism—the developmental delays, the social and linguistic deficits—has been well known. Despite great variation among children with this condition, certain symptoms are considered hallmarks of the disorder. Less understood is why these symptoms come together to construct autism. And as autism rates continue to rise, this information is ever more vital to accurate diagnosis and treatment. Autism and the Brain offers answers by showing a new neuropsychology of the autistic spectrum, reviewing general brain organization, and relating specific regions and structures to specific clinical symptoms. The author identifies deficiencies in areas of the left-hemisphere associated with the self and identity as central to autism. From this primary damage, the brain further reorganizes to compensate, explaining the diverse behaviors among low- and high-functioning individuals as well as autistic savants. The result is a unique three-dimensional view of brain structure, function, and pathology, with in-depth focus on how the autistic brain: Perceives the world. Understands and uses words. Perceives faces. Understands spatial relations and numbers. Understands feelings and registers emotions. Perceives the self as separate from others. Acts in the world. Challenging readers to re-think their assumptions, Autism and the Brain is breakthrough reading for researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in fields as varied as child and adolescent psychiatry; clinical child, school, and developmental psychology; neuroscience/neurobiology; special education and educational psychology; social work; communication disorders; and public health and policy.