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The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders Book
Author : Joseph D. Buxbaum,Patrick R. Hof
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 012391924X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism is no longer considered a rare disease, and the Center for Disease Control now estimates that upwards of 730,000 children in the US struggle with this isolating brain disorder. New research is leading to greater understanding of and ability to treat the disorder at an earlier age. It is hoped that further genetic and imaging studies will lead to biologically based diagnostic techniques that could help speed detection and allow early, more effective intervention. Edited by two leaders in the field, this volume offers a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings of the neuroscience behind autism of the past 20 years. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, the volume explores etiology, neuropathology, imaging, and pathways/models. Offering a broad background of ASDs with a unique focus on neurobiology, the volume offers more than the others on the market with a strictly clinical focus or a single authored perspective that fails to offer expert, comprehensive coverage. Researchers and graduate students alike with an interest in developmental disorders and autism will benefit, as will autism specialists across psychology and medicine looking to expand their expertise. Uniquely explores ASDs from a neurobiological angle, looking to uncover the molecular/cellular basis rather than to merely catalog the commonly used behavioral interventions Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for neurodevelopmental disorder researchers and autism specialists Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe - the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders Book
Author : Joseph D. Buxbaum,Patrick R. Hof
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0123919304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism is no longer considered a rare disease, and the Center for Disease Control now estimates that upwards of 730,000 children in the US struggle with this isolating brain disorder. New research is leading to greater understanding of and ability to treat the disorder at an earlier age. It is hoped that further genetic and imaging studies will lead to biologically based diagnostic techniques that could help speed detection and allow early, more effective intervention. Edited by two leaders in the field, this volume offers a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings of the neuroscience behind autism of the past 20 years. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, the volume explores etiology, neuropathology, imaging, and pathways/models. Offering a broad background of ASDs with a unique focus on neurobiology, the volume offers more than the others on the market with a strictly clinical focus or a single authored perspective that fails to offer expert, comprehensive coverage. Researchers and graduate students alike with an interest in developmental disorders and autism will benefit, as will autism specialists across psychology and medicine looking to expand their expertise. Uniquely explores ASDs from a neurobiological angle, looking to uncover the molecular/cellular basis rather than to merely catalog the commonly used behavioral interventions Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for neurodevelopmental disorder researchers and autism specialists Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Special Issue The Emerging Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Special Issue  The Emerging Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders Book
Author : Society for Neuroscience
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Special Issue The Emerging Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders book written by Society for Neuroscience, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Autism and Joint Attention

Autism and Joint Attention Book
Author : Peter C. Mundy
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release : 2016-03-01
ISBN : 1462525091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From a preeminent researcher, this book looks at the key role of joint attention in both typical and atypical development. Peter C. Mundy shows that no other symptom dimension is more strongly linked to early identification and treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). He synthesizes a wealth of knowledge on how joint attention develops, its neurocognitive underpinnings, and how it helps to explain the learning, language, and social-cognitive features of ASD across the lifespan. Clinical implications are explored, including reviews of cutting-edge diagnostic methods and targeted treatment approaches.

The Neurobiology of Autism

The Neurobiology of Autism Book
Author : Margaret L. Bauman, M.D.,Thomas L. Kemper
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0801880475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For this long-anticipated new edition, neurologists Margaret L. Bauman and Thomas L. Kemper bring together leading researchers and clinicians to present the most current scientific knowledge and theories about autism. "Anyone doing research in autism or other developmental disorders will find this an invaluable book to read to make sure all areas are understood and to serve as a rich source of references." -- American Journal of Psychiatry

Social Cognition

Social Cognition Book
Author : Tricia Striano,Vincent Reid
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How we perceive and interpret the actions of others is crucial if we are to develop into healthy adults. It has even been argued that a lack of social cognitive skills lays a strong foundation for a variety of atypical developmental disorders, including autism. Fortunately, our understanding of how humans process and interpret each other's actions has increased by leaps and bounds in the past decade. At the vanguard of these encouraging developments has been groundbreaking research in the fields of cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, and autism. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is the first volume to fully integrate these areas of cutting-edge research on social cognition through contributions from some of the world's foremost experts in all three disciplines. The text is edited by distinguished development specialists who preface each section with chapter by chapter summaries that seamlessly link each of the contributing essays. Sections include related chapters on perspectives on social cognition, social cognition during infancy, social cognition and the adult brain, and social cognition: the challenge of autism. The text's final section serves as a commentary highlighting the fundamental issues that have been addressed in the text. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is an indispensable addition to the rapidly expanding field of social cognition—and will provide valuable new insights on how we think and learn.

Tracing Autism

Tracing Autism Book
Author : Des Fitzgerald
Publisher : University of Washington Press
Release : 2017-07-10
ISBN : 0295741929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Tracing Autism, Des Fitzgerald offers an up-close account of the search for a neurological explanation of autism. As autism has gained cultural prominence with more diagnoses and more controversy, its biological causes remain elusive. Through in-depth interviews with neuroscientists, psychologists, and psychiatrists, Fitzgerald examines what it means to do scientific research in the ambiguous terrain of autism research, a field marked by shifting horizons of uncertainty and ambivalence. He draws out how autism scientists talk and feel their way through their research, demonstrating its profoundly affective character, and expanding our understanding of what is at stake in the new brain sciences.

The Neurology of Autism

The Neurology of Autism Book
Author : Mary Coleman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2009-04-23
ISBN : 0199728399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Neurology of Autism, Mary Coleman, Catalina Betancur, G. Robert DeLong, Christopher Gillberg, Yoshiko Nomura, Lorenzo Pavone, Martin Ruggieri, and Michele Zappella use the tools of neurological analysis to address a number of the major questions that have arisen in the study of autism. The answers they present have important implications for the direction of future autism research, diagnosis, and treatment. What are the neurological signs and symptoms of autism? The latest information is presented here in an in-depth discussion of epilepsy, cranial circumference, changes in muscle tone, stereotypies, and mutism found in children with autism. In addition, a template is provided for practitioners to follow when conducting neurological examinations of a child with autism. What are the best options for the treatment of autism? The current medical, educational, and alternative therapies are thoroughly reviewed and evaluated. Is autism reversible? The question is explored for syndromic autism, where diseases may have a transient autistic phase, and reviewed in detail for nonsyndromic autism. Is autism primarily a single disease, as originally described by Leo Kanner? Research presented here suggests that autism is, instead, a syndrome involving many disease entities. Has the incidence of autism been increasing in recent years? A sophisticated, historical review of autisms prevalence rates suggests that it has never been rare. What is the relationship between autism and Asperger syndrome? The latest evidence presented here sheds light on the degree to which both syndromes share more than clinical characteristics; they also have some similar findings in imaging, neuropathological, and genetic studies. Which components of the brains neural networks need to be impaired to cause the appearance of autistic symptoms? Although there are many candidate regions, dysfunction of the cerebellum and its circuits is noted to be of great interest. Student and professional researchers, practitioners, and parents will find this book to be a valuable resource for both the latest information from basic-science research and its application to the diagnosis and treatment of autism. "[This book] includes up-to-date genetic evidence, underlining the complexities of genetic/environmental influences...I recommend this easy and informative read." -European Journal of Pediatric Neurology "...authoritative." -The Lancet Neurology "Coleman's new book is an absolute must-read for anyone interested in the progress made in understanding the causes of autism. The field owes her a tribute worthy of someone who has transformed an area of neuroscience." -Simon Baron-Cohen in Nature Neuroscience "[I]nformative and comprehensive in its treatment of the neurologic basis of autism...well written and easy to understand...the contributing authors have done an excellent job of making complex medical concepts understandable to all. The glossary at the end of the book is extremely helpful in this regard. The book is well referenced, provides helpful tables throughout, and includes a summary of relevant points at the end of each chapter.The authors are to be commended for presenting a very balanced view of current knowledge; they also indicate what we do not yet understand about brain functioning in autism and provide an important road map for ongoing exploration." -Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp in The New England Journal of Medicine "At last it is recognised that developmental neurology is the appropriate context in which to explain autism. The authors of this volume, all pioneers in the field, consider new ideas on autism in this context. They succeed in making surprising and illuminating comparisons between autism and neurological disorders whose origin is already known. This work is a significant step towards understanding the causes of autistic disorders."-Uta Frith, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London "When and if the secret of autism is teased from the myriad disease states that exhibit the syndrome, it will be through efforts such as are represented in this volume. Dr. Coleman has 'picked the brains' of recognized experts from neurology and related sciences, and has assembled a wealth of up-to-date and meticulously referenced information regarding both those diseases and the core symptoms of autism." -Peter B. Rosenberger, Massachusetts General Hospital

The Neuropsychology of Autism

The Neuropsychology of Autism Book
Author : Deborah Fein
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-06-09
ISBN : 0195378318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Neuropsychology of Autism provides an up-to-date summary on the neuropsychology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), written by leaders in the field. It summarizes current knowledge about neurochemistry, neuroanatomy, genetics, and clinical presentations and provides helpful discussions on key functions such as language, memory, attention, executive functions, social cognition, motor and sensory functioning.

Understanding Autism

Understanding Autism Book
Author : Steven O. Moldin,John L R Rubenstein
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-04-25
ISBN : 1420004204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taking an all-inclusive look at the subject, Understanding Autism: From Basic Neuroscience to Treatment reviews state-of-the-art research on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of autism. The book addresses potential mechanisms that may underlie the development of autism and the neural systems that are likely to be affected by these molecular, genetic, and infectious etiologies. It reviews key findings that inform diagnosis, epidemiology, clinical neuroscience, and treatment. The book concludes with a discussion of the economic cost of autism and provides a biomedical and public health perspective of the impact of this devastating disease. With chapters authored by clinical and basic researchers at the forefront of molecular and systems neuroscience, clinical neuroscience, and health economics, the book presents a powerful and comprehensive synthesis of current research on autism and its underlying neural substrates. The book's two editors are considered elite pioneers in this area of research. Dr. Rubenstein was recently elected to the highly prestigious Institute of the Medicine, an honor reserved for those most committed to professional achievement and public service.

Advances in the Cognitive Neuroscience of Autism

Advances in the Cognitive Neuroscience of Autism Book
Author : Sally Ozonoff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-10-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in the Cognitive Neuroscience of Autism book written by Sally Ozonoff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders Book
Author : David Amaral,Geraldine Dawson,Daniel Geschwind
Publisher : OUP USA
Release : 2011-06-17
ISBN : 0195371828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by the leading experts in autism research, this text provides a summary of all current knowledge related to the behavioral, experiential, and biomedical features of the autism spectrum disorders.

Neuronal and Synaptic Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability

Neuronal and Synaptic Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability Book
Author : Carlo Sala,Chiara Verpelli
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-30
ISBN : 0128005335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuronal and Synaptic Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability provides the latest information on Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), the lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders that present in early childhood and affect how individuals communicate and relate to others and their surroundings. In addition, three quarters of ASD patients also manifest severe intellectual disability. Though certain genes have been implicated, ASDs remain largely a mystery, and research looking into causes and cellular deficits are crucial for better understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders. Despite the prevalence and insidious nature of this disorder, this book remains to be an extensive resource of information and background on the state of current research in the field. The book serves as a reference for this purpose, and discusses the crucial role synaptic activity plays in proper brain function. In addition, the volume discusses the neurodevelopmental synaptopathies and serves as a resource for scientists and clinicians in all biomedical science specialties. This research has been crucial for recent studies that have provided a rationale for the development of pharmacological agents able to counteract functional synaptic anomalies and potentially ameliorate some ASD symptoms. Introduces the genetic and non-genetic causes of autism and associated intellectual disabilities Describes the genes implicated in autistic spectrum disorders and their function Considers major individual genetic causes of autism, Rett syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, and other autism spectrum disorders, as well as their classification as synaptopathies Presents a thorough discussion of the clinical aspects of multiple neurodevelopmental disorders and the experimental models that exist to study their pathophysiology in vitro and in vivo, including animal models and patient-derived stem cell culture

Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Book
Author : Monica Luciana Collins
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2008-07-11
ISBN : 0262141043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The publication of the second edition of this handbook testifies to the rapid evolution of developmental cognitive neuroscience as a distinct field. Brain imaging and recording technologies, along with well-defined behavioral tasks -- the essential methodological tools of cognitive neuroscience -- are now being used to study development. Technological advances have yielded methods that can be safely used to study structure-function relations and their development in children's brains. These new techniques combined with more refined cognitive models account for the progress and heightened activity in developmental cognitive neuroscience research. The Handbook covers basic aspects of neural development, sensory and sensorimotor systems, language, cognition, emotion, and the implications of lifelong neural plasticity for brain and behavioral development. The second edition reflects the dramatic expansion of the field in the seven years since the publication of the first edition. This new Handbook has grown from forty-one chapters to fifty-four, all original to this edition. It places greater emphasis on affective and social neuroscience -- an offshoot of cognitive neuroscience that is now influencing the developmental literature. The second edition also places a greater emphasis on clinical disorders, primarily because such research is inherently translational in nature. Finally, the book's new discussions of recent breakthroughs in imaging genomics include one entire chapter devoted to the subject. The intersection of brain, behavior, and genetics represents an exciting new area of inquiry, and the second edition of this essential reference work will be a valuable resource for researchers interested in the development of brain-behavior relations in the context of both typical and atypical development.

Brain Connectivity in Autism

Brain Connectivity in Autism Book
Author : Rajesh K. Kana,Lucina Q. Uddin,Tal Kenet,Diane Chugani,Ralph-Axel Müller
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2014-09-23
ISBN : 2889192822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Brain Connectivity in Autism book written by Rajesh K. Kana,Lucina Q. Uddin,Tal Kenet,Diane Chugani,Ralph-Axel Müller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder Book
Author : Susan P. Sherkow,Alexandra Harrison
Publisher : Jason Aronson
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 9780765708625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Perspectives from Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience, offers a guide to understanding and treating the ASD toddler from the dual perspectives of psychoanalysis and neurofunction through describing in great detail intensive treatments of four children who began therapy as toddlers. The authors hypothesize that dyadic therapy and Reflective Network Therapy can impact a child by modifying the biochemistry of the brain, resulting in alteration of emotion and cognition. Their chapter on neurobiological mechanisms of change describes these hypotheses in depth.

Asperger Syndrome or High Functioning Autism

Asperger Syndrome or High Functioning Autism  Book
Author : Eric Schopler,Gary B. Mesibov,Linda J. Kunce
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461553695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The precise relationship between high-functioning autism and Asperger Syndrome is still a subject of debate. This volume provides a general overview of the disorder and present diverse opinions on diagnosis and assessment, neuropsychological issues, treatment, and related conditions. A special section features personal essays by individuals diagnosed with autism or Asperger Syndrome. The result is a comprehensive and useful survey of the current state of the field that will be of great interest to clinicians, teachers, researchers, and parents.

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience  Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain Book
Author : A.M. Persico
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-06
ISBN : 0128063432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain book written by A.M. Persico, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Music Interventions for Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Music Interventions for Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book
Author : Alessandro Antonietti,Barbara Colombo,Braelyn R. DeRocher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-10
ISBN : 3319971514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores how music can improve skills that are impaired in some neurodevelopmental disorders, including ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), autism, and Rett syndrome. Rehabilitation interventions based on the use of music, termed “music therapy”, are relatively widespread, but not all are supported by empirical evidence. This book offers readers an updated and scientifically grounded perspective on this theory and argues that music can be effective in promoting the acquisition of some basic mental abilities. Chapters present some of the latest research and data on how musical activities can lead children affected by neurodevelopmental disorders to improve those skills, including examples of training programs and exercises. The book will be a valuable resource for therapists, rehabilitators, psychologists, educators, musicians, researchers, as well as anyone interested in exploring the potential in music for human growth.

Researching the Autism Spectrum

Researching the Autism Spectrum Book
Author : Ilona Roth,Payam Rezaie
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-01-06
ISBN : 1139494422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This selection of contemporary research provides up-to-date perspectives from leading investigators who are at the cutting edge of studies in autism spectrum disorders. The book allows readers to grasp new approaches to understanding the autism spectrum. Key areas of theory and research are covered, from classification and diagnosis, genetics, neurology and biochemistry, to socio-cognitive, developmental and educational perspectives, essential to a broader understanding of the autism spectrum. In addition it introduces new emphases on MEG, epilepsy and memory. In highlighting both biomedical and psychological perspectives, this book reflects the multi-level emphasis of contemporary thinking about autism. By addressing key unanswered questions, Researching the Autism Spectrum acts as a guidepost for future research and provides an authoritative and multidisciplinary perspective.