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The Neuroscience Of Autism

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The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders Book
Author : Joseph D. Buxbaum,Patrick R. Hof
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0123919304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism is no longer considered a rare disease, and the Center for Disease Control now estimates that upwards of 730,000 children in the US struggle with this isolating brain disorder. New research is leading to greater understanding of and ability to treat the disorder at an earlier age. It is hoped that further genetic and imaging studies will lead to biologically based diagnostic techniques that could help speed detection and allow early, more effective intervention. Edited by two leaders in the field, this volume offers a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings of the neuroscience behind autism of the past 20 years. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, the volume explores etiology, neuropathology, imaging, and pathways/models. Offering a broad background of ASDs with a unique focus on neurobiology, the volume offers more than the others on the market with a strictly clinical focus or a single authored perspective that fails to offer expert, comprehensive coverage. Researchers and graduate students alike with an interest in developmental disorders and autism will benefit, as will autism specialists across psychology and medicine looking to expand their expertise. Uniquely explores ASDs from a neurobiological angle, looking to uncover the molecular/cellular basis rather than to merely catalog the commonly used behavioral interventions Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for neurodevelopmental disorder researchers and autism specialists Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Social Cognition

Social Cognition Book
Author : Tricia Striano,Vincent Reid
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2009
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How we perceive and interpret the actions of others is crucial if we are to develop into healthy adults. It has even been argued that a lack of social cognitive skills lays a strong foundation for a variety of atypical developmental disorders, including autism. Fortunately, our understanding of how humans process and interpret each other's actions has increased by leaps and bounds in the past decade. At the vanguard of these encouraging developments has been groundbreaking research in the fields of cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, and autism. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is the first volume to fully integrate these areas of cutting-edge research on social cognition through contributions from some of the world's foremost experts in all three disciplines. The text is edited by distinguished development specialists who preface each section with chapter by chapter summaries that seamlessly link each of the contributing essays. Sections include related chapters on perspectives on social cognition, social cognition during infancy, social cognition and the adult brain, and social cognition: the challenge of autism. The text's final section serves as a commentary highlighting the fundamental issues that have been addressed in the text. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is an indispensable addition to the rapidly expanding field of social cognition—and will provide valuable new insights on how we think and learn.

The Neurobiology of Autism

The Neurobiology of Autism Book
Author : Margaret L. Bauman,Thomas L. Kemper
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0801880475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For this long-anticipated new edition, neurologists Margaret L. Bauman and Thomas L. Kemper bring together leading researchers and clinicians to present the most current scientific knowledge and theories about autism. "Anyone doing research in autism or other developmental disorders will find this an invaluable book to read to make sure all areas are understood and to serve as a rich source of references." -- American Journal of Psychiatry

Understanding Autism

Understanding Autism Book
Author : Steven O. Moldin,John L R Rubenstein
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-04-25
ISBN : 1420004204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taking an all-inclusive look at the subject, Understanding Autism: From Basic Neuroscience to Treatment reviews state-of-the-art research on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of autism. The book addresses potential mechanisms that may underlie the development of autism and the neural systems that are likely to be affected by these molecular, genetic, and infectious etiologies. It reviews key findings that inform diagnosis, epidemiology, clinical neuroscience, and treatment. The book concludes with a discussion of the economic cost of autism and provides a biomedical and public health perspective of the impact of this devastating disease. With chapters authored by clinical and basic researchers at the forefront of molecular and systems neuroscience, clinical neuroscience, and health economics, the book presents a powerful and comprehensive synthesis of current research on autism and its underlying neural substrates. The book's two editors are considered elite pioneers in this area of research. Dr. Rubenstein was recently elected to the highly prestigious Institute of the Medicine, an honor reserved for those most committed to professional achievement and public service.

Neurobiology of Autism

Neurobiology of Autism Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-11-27
ISBN : 0124199615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume in the International Review of Neurobiology is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into autism pathophysiology. Its chapters cover a wide range of etiologies, from genetics and development to environmental factors. In addition, it discusses key cell and behavioral phenotypes, including cortical and cerebellar phenotypes, as well as language and motor outputs. Finally, this volume's chapters on gene expression in the brain describe how genes may be connected to phenotypes in autism. Broad coverage of genetic and cellular phenotypes in autism Focused on basic research Chapters primarily written by new investigators with a fresh perspective on the biological underpinnings of autism

The Autistic Brain

The Autistic Brain Book
Author : Temple Grandin,Richard Panek
Publisher : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Release : 2013-04-30
ISBN : 0547858183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Temple Grandin may be the most famous person with autism, a condition that affects 1 in 88 children. Since her birth in 1947, our understanding of it has undergone a great transformation, leading to more hope than ever before that we may finally learn the causes of and treatments for autism. Weaving her own experience with remarkable new discoveries, Grandin introduces the advances in neuroimaging and genetic research that link brain science to behavior, even sharing her own brain scan to show which anomalies might explain common symptoms. Most excitingly, she argues that raising and educating kids on the autism spectrum must focus on their long-overlooked strengths to foster their unique contributions. The Autistic Brain brings Grandin’s singular perspective into the heart of the autism revolution.

Asperger Syndrome or High Functioning Autism

Asperger Syndrome or High Functioning Autism  Book
Author : Eric Schopler,Gary B. Mesibov,Linda J. Kunce
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1998-04-30
ISBN : 9780306457463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The precise relationship between high-functioning autism and Asperger Syndrome is still a subject of debate. This volume provides a general overview of the disorder and present diverse opinions on diagnosis and assessment, neuropsychological issues, treatment, and related conditions. A special section features personal essays by individuals diagnosed with autism or Asperger Syndrome. The result is a comprehensive and useful survey of the current state of the field that will be of great interest to clinicians, teachers, researchers, and parents.

Autism and the Brain

Autism and the Brain Book
Author : Tatyana B Glezerman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-27
ISBN : 1461441129
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For years, the typical presentation of autism—the developmental delays, the social and linguistic deficits—has been well known. Despite great variation among children with this condition, certain symptoms are considered hallmarks of the disorder. Less understood is why these symptoms come together to construct autism. And as autism rates continue to rise, this information is ever more vital to accurate diagnosis and treatment. Autism and the Brain offers answers by showing a new neuropsychology of the autistic spectrum, reviewing general brain organization, and relating specific regions and structures to specific clinical symptoms. The author identifies deficiencies in areas of the left-hemisphere associated with the self and identity as central to autism. From this primary damage, the brain further reorganizes to compensate, explaining the diverse behaviors among low- and high-functioning individuals as well as autistic savants. The result is a unique three-dimensional view of brain structure, function, and pathology, with in-depth focus on how the autistic brain: Perceives the world. Understands and uses words. Perceives faces. Understands spatial relations and numbers. Understands feelings and registers emotions. Perceives the self as separate from others. Acts in the world. Challenging readers to re-think their assumptions, Autism and the Brain is breakthrough reading for researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in fields as varied as child and adolescent psychiatry; clinical child, school, and developmental psychology; neuroscience/neurobiology; special education and educational psychology; social work; communication disorders; and public health and policy.

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders Book
Author : David Amaral,Geraldine Dawson,Daniel Geschwind
Publisher : OUP USA
Release : 2011-06-17
ISBN : 0195371828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by the leading experts in autism research, this text provides a summary of all current knowledge related to the behavioral, experiential, and biomedical features of the autism spectrum disorders.

The Science of Mental Health Autism

The Science of Mental Health  Autism Book
Author : Steven E. Hyman
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780815337454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a comprehensive collection of critical essays on The Taming of the Shrew, and includes extensive discussions of the play's various printed versions and its theatrical productions. Aspinall has included only those essays that offer the most influential and controversial arguments surrounding the play. The issues discussed include gender, authority, female autonomy and unruliness, courtship and marriage, language and speech, and performance and theatricality.

Autism and Joint Attention

Autism and Joint Attention Book
Author : Peter C. Mundy
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release : 2016-03-01
ISBN : 1462525091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From a preeminent researcher, this book looks at the key role of joint attention in both typical and atypical development. Peter C. Mundy shows that no other symptom dimension is more strongly linked to early identification and treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). He synthesizes a wealth of knowledge on how joint attention develops, its neurocognitive underpinnings, and how it helps to explain the learning, language, and social-cognitive features of ASD across the lifespan. Clinical implications are explored, including reviews of cutting-edge diagnostic methods and targeted treatment approaches.

Tracing Autism

Tracing Autism Book
Author : Des Fitzgerald
Publisher : University of Washington Press
Release : 2017-07-10
ISBN : 0295741929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Tracing Autism, Des Fitzgerald offers an up-close account of the search for a neurological explanation of autism. As autism has gained cultural prominence with more diagnoses and more controversy, its biological causes remain elusive. Through in-depth interviews with neuroscientists, psychologists, and psychiatrists, Fitzgerald examines what it means to do scientific research in the ambiguous terrain of autism research, a field marked by shifting horizons of uncertainty and ambivalence. He draws out how autism scientists talk and feel their way through their research, demonstrating its profoundly affective character, and expanding our understanding of what is at stake in the new brain sciences.

Autism and Talent

Autism and Talent Book
Author : Francesca Happé,Uta Frith
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2010-03-18
ISBN : 0199560145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Originating from a theme issue first published in Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological sciences."

Autism A Very Short Introduction

Autism  A Very Short Introduction Book
Author : Uta Frith
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2008-10-23
ISBN : 0191578657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What causes autism? Is it a genetic disorder, or due to some unknown environmental hazard? Are we facing an autism epidemic? What are the main symptoms, and how does it relate to Asperger syndrome? Everyone has heard of autism, but the disorder itself is little understood. It has captured the public imagination through films and novels portraying individuals with baffling combinations of disability and extraordinary talent, and yet the reality is more often that it places a heavy burden on sufferers and their families. This Very Short Introduction offers a clear statement on what is currently known about autism and Asperger syndrome. Explaining the vast array of different conditions that hide behind these two labels, and looking at symptoms from the full spectrum of autistic disorders, it explores the possible causes for the apparent rise in autism and also evaluates the links with neuroscience, psychology, brain development, genetics, and environmental causes including MMR and Thimerosal. This short, authoritative, and accessible book also explores the psychology behind social impairment and savantism, and throughout, sheds light on what it is like to live inside the mind of the sufferer. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Neurobiology diagnosis and treatment in autism

Neurobiology  diagnosis and treatment in autism Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : John Libbey Eurotext
Release :
ISBN : 2742011854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism is an extremely complex neurodevelopmental disorder that is expressed in a spectrum of phenotypes and is characterized by impaired reciprocal social communication and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities. Its aetiopathogenesis remains poorly understood. This book is an exhaustive synthesis discussing various aspects: - A focus on the neurobiology of autism: the candidate genes implicate an involvement of numerous brain regions and a concomitant malfunctioning of neurotransmitter, immunologic, and other mechanisms. - The most incisive rehabilitation models in their original formulation and the results achieved with the same or similar protocols in Italian centres (understanding, educating, language therapy, social skill training…) - The psychopharmacologic options for the condition of autism per se and for its associated, very frequent, comorbidities. It suggests a potential influence on professional practice and enables an up-to-date approach to effective diagnosis and treatment.

Translational Neuroscience

Translational Neuroscience Book
Author : James E. Barrett,Joseph T. Coyle,Michael Williams
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-06-28
ISBN : 1139510304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational neuroscience is at the heart of clinical advancement in the fields of psychiatry, neurology and neurodevelopmental disorders. Written and edited by leading scientists and clinicians, this is a comprehensive and authoritative analysis of this emerging strategy for developing more effective treatments for brain disorders. Introductory chapters bring together perspectives from both academia and industry, while subsequent sections focus on disease groups, including bipolar disorder and depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, substance abuse, autism, Alzheimer's disease, pain, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. Each section includes topical introductory and summary chapters, providing an overview and synthesis of the field. Translational Neuroscience: Applications in Psychiatry, Neurology, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders is an important text for clinicians, scientists and students in academic settings, government agencies and industry, as well as those working in the fields of public health and the behavioural sciences.

Autism and the Environment

Autism and the Environment Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2008-03-12
ISBN : 9780309108812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) constitute a major public health problem, affecting one in every 150 children and their families. Unfortunately, there is little understanding of the causes of ASD, and, despite their broad societal impact, many people believe that the overall research program for autism is incomplete, particularly as it relates to the role of environmental factors. The Institute of Medicine's Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders, in response to a request from the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services, hosted a workshop called "Autism and the Environment: Challenges and Opportunities for Research." The focus was on improving the understanding of the ways in which environmental factors such as chemicals, infectious agents, or physiological or psychological stress can affect the development of the brain. Autism and the Environment documents the concerted effort which brought together the key public and private stakeholders to discuss potential ways to improve the understanding of the ways that environmental factors may affect ASD. The presentations and discussions from the workshop that are described in this book identify a number of promising directions for research on the possible role of different environmental agents in the etiology of autism.

Love Anthony

Love Anthony Book
Author : Lisa Genova
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2012-09-27
ISBN : 1471113280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the bestselling author of Still Alicecomes a heartfelt novel about friendship and a mother coping with the loss of her autistic son Olivia Donatelli's dream of a 'normal' life was shattered when her son, Anthony, was diagnosed with autism at age three. He didn't speak. He hated to be touched. He almost never made eye contact. And just as Olivia was starting to realise that happiness and autism could coexist, Anthony died. Now she's alone in a cottage on Nantucket, separated from her husband, desperate to understand the meaning of her son's short life, when a chance encounter with another woman facing her own loss brings Anthony alive again for Olivia in a most unexpected way. In a piercing story about motherhood, love and female friendship, Lisa Genova offers us two unforgettable women on the verge of change who discover the small but exuberant voice that helps them both find the answers they need. Fans of The Reason I Jumpand The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time will love Lisa Genova's story: always authentic and utterly moving. *'Remember how you couldn't put down Still Alice? Well, clear your schedule-because you're going to feel the same way' Jodi Picoult*

Treatment of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Treatment of Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book
Author : Randi Hagerman,Robert Hendren
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014-04-25
ISBN : 0199378886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This cutting-edge book brings advances in genetics, neurobiology, and psychopharmacology to the clinic to enhance treatment for neurodevelopmental disorders. Significant progress has been made in identifying the neurobiological mechanisms of several disorders and targeted treatments are modifying the outcome of these disorders. However, the ability to utilize this knowledge has not been summarized in one place for the practicing clinician. This book will fill that gap by providing the theoretical underpinnings and the latest advances in targeted treatments. Several neurodevelopmental disorders are reviewed in detail including clinical features and behavioral phenotypes, standard treatments and new targeted treatments based on the latest advances in neurobiology and the animal model studies that have led to new treatments. The disorders covered include psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia, depression, autism and ADHD; single gene disorders including Tuberous Sclerosis, Fragile X Syndrome and fragile X- associated disorders, Angelman Syndrome, PKU, and Muscular Dystrophies; and complex genetic disorders such as Down syndrome. This book also highlights the commonalities across disorders and new genetic and molecular concepts in an easy to read format. This is a very exciting time for new targeted treatments and this volume is a landmark treatise on this new age of treatment.

The Neurobiology of Childhood

The Neurobiology of Childhood Book
Author : Susan L. Andersen,Daniel S. Pine
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-13
ISBN : 3642549136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past years there has been rapid progress in the understanding of how early life stress impacts psychopathology in children. The first two parts of this book present the basic principles of brain development and describe the most important neuronal systems. This includes systems involved in emotion processing, cognitive control, and social processes. These first two general sections are followed by an overview about recent research on various neuronal and psychiatric disorders, where environmental exposures and altered brain development play an important role: sleep, autism, ADHD and other developmental forms of psychopathology.