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The Neurobiology Of Bipolar Disorder

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Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder

Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder Book
Author : Joao Luciano de Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Eduard Vieta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 012819183X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder: Road to Novel Therapeutics combines the basic neurobiology of bipolar disorder with discussions of the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder, genetic approaches and the pharmacogenomics of bipolar disorder. The basic foundational understanding of the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research combine to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of bipolar disorder management using novel and fast-acting pharmaceutical and neuromodulatory approaches. Aids readers in understanding bipolar disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments to novel therapeutics Synthesizes a discussion of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with clinical aspects of bipolar disorder

The Bipolar Book

The Bipolar Book Book
Author : Aysegül Yildiz,Pedro Ruiz,Charles B. Nemeroff
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0199300534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Bipolar Book covers not only clinical and pathophysiological matters, but also technical aspects of the evidence accumulation for treatment of bipolar disorder.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder Book
Author : Lakshmi N. Yatham,Mario Maj
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-06-28
ISBN : 1119956226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bipolar disorder is the most complex psychiatric disorder with different types of mood episodes, subtypes, varied course, and significant co-morbidity. Not surprisingly, this complexity poses unique challenges to clinicians for optimal management of those with bipolar disorder. There has been an explosion of research into the causes and treatment of this condition over the past two decades. It is a daunting task for a practising clinician to make sense of this research and to remain up to date with progress in the understanding of the neurobiology and treatment of bipolar disorder. This book synthesizes and translates the vast array of research knowledge into information that is clinically relevant and meaningful for a clinician. The book provides a comprehensive, yet focused, reference work on bipolar disorder for both trainees and practising psychiatrists. The two editors are leaders in the field who have published extensively on bipolar disorder. They have assembled a team of experts from around the world: in many instances, chapters are co-authored by people from different continents, bringing a truly international perspective to this important topic. The book covers the basic science of the pathology underlying bipolar disorder but addresses the clinical aspects of the disease throughout. The book comprises four sections: Descriptive Aspects—issues ranging from how the concept of bipolar disorder has evolved over the years to new information about neurocognitive impairment, creativity and economic productivity, and to discussion of the deliberations of the DSM-V committee on changes in diagnostic categories and criteria. Biology—the contribution of genes to this disorder, changes in circadian rhythms, what we know about brain changes and the role of oxidative stress. Biological Treatment and Psychosocial Treatment— all the latest information about pharmacological and psychological treatments and the optimal management of this condition. If you want to provide state-of-the-art care to your bipolar patients, be sure to consult this authoritative reference.

Bipolar Disorder From Neuroscience to Treatment

Bipolar Disorder  From Neuroscience to Treatment Book
Author : Allan H. Young,Mario F. Juruena
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-29
ISBN : 3030721434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bipolar disorder is a common, complex and costly mental health disorder, which sits at the heart of the practice of clinical psychiatry. Effective treatments (pharmacological, psychological and brain stimulation based) have all been discovered serendipitously. With the huge advances in basic neuroscience the way is now clear for novel treatments to be developed based on brain science. This book reviews these possibilities.

Neuroprogression in Psychiatry

Neuroprogression in Psychiatry Book
Author : Flávio Kapczinski,Michael Berk,Pedro Vieira da Silva Magalhães
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-03-05
ISBN : 0191090883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent studies regarding the neuropathology of specific neurological disorders suggest that both neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative processes may play a role. However, in contrast to the neurodegeneration seen in neurological disorders such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, the term "neuroprogression" has been used to describe the neurodevelopmental aspect of pathological brain re-wiring that takes place in the context of severe psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Within psychiatry, patients with severe psychopathology, such as those depressed patients who eventually commit suicide, have been shown to present with increased inflammatory markers in the brain. A similar increase in inflammatory markers is also found in patients with bipolar disorders and schizophrenia. Thus, oxidative stress, inflammation, and changes in growth factors are thought to be the pathways of neuroprogression. Neuroprogression in Psychiatry provides a comprehensive summary of the current developments in the emerging field of neuroprogression. With contributions by leading researchers in the field, this book examines the role of neuroprogression across a wide range of specific psychiatric disorders, with chapters included on major depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.

Bipolar Disorder in Youth

Bipolar Disorder in Youth Book
Author : Stephen M. Strakowski,Melissa P. DelBello,Caleb M. Adler
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014-10-29
ISBN : 0199985359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Bipolar Disorder in Youth' provides a timely, focused review of the diagnosis, treatment, and neurobiology of bipolar disorder in youth. The editors and authors of each chapter represent international leaders in the care and study of this population. This book is the most comprehensive volume available discussing this important population and is a 'must' for the libraries of clinicians and scientists working with bipolar children and adolescents.

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders Book
Author : Michael J. Zigmond,Clayton A. Wiley,Marie-Francoise Chesselet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-05-27
ISBN : 0323898254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders: Biological Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders, Second Edition provides basic scientists a comprehensive overview of neurological and neuropsychiatric disease. This book links basic, translational, and clinical research, covering the genetic, developmental, molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying all major categories of brain disorders. It offers students, postdoctoral fellows, and researchers in diverse fields of neuroscience, neurobiology, neurology, and psychiatry the tools they need to obtain a basic background in the major neurological and psychiatric diseases. Topics include developmental, autoimmune, central, and peripheral neurodegeneration, infectious diseases, and diseases of higher function. Organized by individual disorder, each chapter includes coverage of the clinical condition, diagnosis, treatment, underlying mechanisms, relevant basic and translational research, and key unanswered questions. This volume reflects progress in the field since publication of the first edition, with fully updated chapters, and new chapters on isolation, aging, global diseases, vascular diseases, and toxic/metabolic disease. New disorder coverage includes fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, Restless Legs Syndrome, myasthenia gravis, and more. Links basic, translational and clinical research on disorders of the nervous system Covers a vast array of neurological and psychiatric disorders, including Down syndrome, autism, muscular dystrophy, diabetes, TBI, Parkinson's, Huntington's, Alzheimer's, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, depression and pain Features new chapters on the effects of aging and isolation on brain health Expands coverage on disorders, including new chapters on fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, and restless legs syndrome Features in-text summary points, special feature boxes and research questions

The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide

The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide Book
Author : Yogesh Dwivedi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-06-25
ISBN : 143983881X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With recent studies using genetic, epigenetic, and other molecular and neurochemical approaches, a new era has begun in understanding pathophysiology of suicide. Emerging evidence suggests that neurobiological factors are not only critical in providing potential risk factors but also provide a promising approach to develop more effective treatment and prevention strategies. The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide discusses the most recent findings in suicide neurobiology. Psychological, psychosocial, and cultural factors are important in determining the risk factors for suicide; however, they offer weak prediction and can be of little clinical use. Interestingly, cognitive characteristics are different among depressed suicidal and depressed nonsuicidal subjects, and could be involved in the development of suicidal behavior. The characterization of the neurobiological basis of suicide is in delineating the risk factors associated with suicide. The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide focuses on how and why these neurobiological factors are crucial in the pathogenic mechanisms of suicidal behavior and how these findings can be transformed into potential therapeutic applications.

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression Book
Author : Francisco Lopez-Munoz,Cecilio Alamo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-09-09
ISBN : 143983850X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Major depressive disorders have recently been associated with impairments in signaling pathways that regulate neuroplasticity and cell survival. Agents designed to directly target molecules in these pathways hold promise as new therapeutics for depression. With the collaboration of the most prestigious international specialists in biochemistry, molecular biology, genomics, psychiatry, psychology, and pharmacology, Neurobiology of Depression discusses the nature of the central nervous system circuits responsible for the modifications of neuronal functioning that lead to depression. The book begins by discussing animal, neurophysiological, and neuropsychological models of depression as well as neural foundations. It explores genetic factors that contribute to depression and describes the effect of monoaminergic systems in the central nervous system. Next, the book profiles the rise of psychopharmacology in the treatment of depression and the research into serotonin and monoamine reuptake inhibitors. It examines the role of the glutamatergic, endocannabinoid, and opioid systems in the pathophysiology of mood disorders, as well as the effect of biological rhythms on the human body. Later chapters review the role of CRF-related ligands, CRF receptors, HPA axis activity, and glucocorticoid receptors in the regulation of the stress response and depression. They also describe cytokine modulation of molecular mechanisms. They examine the role of neuropeptide Y, nitric oxide, beta-arrestins, BDNF, and phosphodiesterases, and discuss the use of tachykinin antagonists in treatment. Finally, they analyze the neurobiological basis for the development of new antidepressant agents. Exploring myriad aspects of a disease that plagues a large percentage of the population worldwide, this volume captures the state of the science of this debilitating disorder, facilitating further research and discovery.

Behavioral Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder and its Treatment

Behavioral Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder and its Treatment Book
Author : Husseini K. Manji,Carlos A. Zarate Jr.
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-10
ISBN : 3642157572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers the most up-to-date information about research surrounding the neurobiology of bipolar disorder as well as currently available and novel therapeutic options. The volume has assembled a widely respected group of preclinical and clinical researchers who bring their expertise to bear upon this illness by reviewing cutting-edge research and clinical evidence regarding the pathophysiology and treatment of bipolar disorder. Early chapters review the course and outcome and genetics of this highly heritable condition, including chapters on epigenetics and clinical endophenotypes. Several chapters offer a remarkably thorough and unique overview of the neurobiology of the disorder, including what is known from neuroimaging work and the development of animal models. Finally, the book covers treatment strategies for bipolar disorder, including both traditional and novel therapeutics, as well as non-pharmacological treatments. It offers both researchers and clinicians key insights into this devastating disorder.

Neurobiology of Mental Illness

Neurobiology of Mental Illness Book
Author : Dennis S. Charney,Joseph D. Buxbaum,Pamela Sklar,Eric J. Nestler
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-07-04
ISBN : 0199934959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our understanding of the neurobiological basis of psychiatric disease has accelerated in the past five years. The fourth edition of Neurobiology of Mental Illness has been completely revamped given these advances and discoveries on the neurobiologic foundations of psychiatry. Like its predecessors the book begins with an overview of the basic science. The emerging technologies in Section 2 have been extensively redone to match the progress in the field including new chapters on the applications of stem cells, optogenetics, and image guided stimulation to our understanding and treatment of psychiatric disorders. Sections' 3 through 8 pertain to the major psychiatric syndromes-the psychoses, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, dementias, and disorders of childhood-onset. Each of these sections includes our knowledge of their etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment. The final section discusses special topic areas including the neurobiology of sleep, resilience, social attachment, aggression, personality disorders and eating disorders. In all, there are 32 new chapters in this volume including unique insights on DSM-5, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) from NIMH, and a perspective on the continuing challenges of diagnosis given what we know of the brain and the mechanisms pertaining to mental illness. This book provides information from numerous levels of analysis including molecular biology and genetics, cellular physiology, neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, epidemiology, and behavior. In doing so it translates information from the basic laboratory to the clinical laboratory and finally to clinical treatment. No other book distills the basic science and underpinnings of mental disorders and explains the clinical significance to the scope and breadth of this classic text. The result is an excellent and cutting-edge resource for psychiatric residents, psychiatric researchers and doctoral students in neurochemistry and the neurosciences.

Neurobiology of Psychiatric Disorders

Neurobiology of Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : Thomas E Schlaepfer,Charles B. Nemeroff
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-09
ISBN : 0444520023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology presents a comprehensive review of the fundamental science and clinical treatment of psychiatric disorders. Advances in neuroscience have allowed for dramatic advances in the understanding of psychiatric disorders and treatment. Brain disorders, such as depression and schizophrenia, are the leading cause of disability worldwide. It is estimated that over 25% of the adult population in North America are diagnosed yearly with at least one mental disorder and similar results hold for Europe. Now that neurology and psychiatry agree that all mental disorders are in fact, "brain diseases," this volume provides a foundational introduction to the science defining these disorders and details best practices for psychiatric treatment. Provides a comprehensive review of the scientific foundations of psychiatric disorders and psychiatric treatment Includes detailed results from genetics, molecular biology, brain imaging, and neuropathological, immunological, epidemiological, metabolic, therapeutic and historical aspects of the major psychiatric disorders A "must have" reference and resource for neuroscientists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and clinical psychologists as well as all research scientists investigating disorders of the brain

The Bipolar Brain

The Bipolar Brain Book
Author : Stephen Strakowski
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-07-26
ISBN : 0199797609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, experts in neuroimaging and genetics discuss recent discoveries in bipolar disorder, leading to an integrated neurophysiologic model of this condition. This model provides a substrate for future investigations to, hopefully, lead to better understanding of this illness in order to develop improved therapies for affected individuals.

Charney Nestler s Neurobiology of Mental Illness

Charney   Nestler s Neurobiology of Mental Illness Book
Author : Dennis S. Charney,Pamela B. Sklar,Eric J. Nestler,Joseph D. Buxbaum
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018
ISBN : 019068142X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preceded by Neurobiology of mental illness / edited by Dennis S. Charney ... [et al.]. 4th ed. 2013.

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression Book
Author : Joao Luciano de Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Carlos A. Zarate
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-01-03
ISBN : 0128133341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiology of Depression: Road to Novel Therapeutics synthesizes the basic neurobiology of major depressive disorder with discussions on the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of MDD, omics technologies, genetic approaches, and the development of novel optogenetic approaches that are changing research perspectives and revolutionizing research into depression. These basic foundational understandings on the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research are combined in this book to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of MDD. Depression is one of the most common mental-health disorders caused by a variety of genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is typically treated with first-line antidepressant agents that primarily target monoamine neurotransmission. However, only approximately one-third of patients with MDD achieve remission following a trial with such an antidepressant. Furthermore, MDD is a heterogeneous phenotype, and new frameworks, such as the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) may provide a more accurate, biologically based comprehension of the symptomatic heterogeneity of this devastating illness. Aids readers in understanding major depressive disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments, to antidepressants and novel therapeutics Synthesizes discussions on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with the clinical aspects of depression

Bipolar Disorder Vulnerability

Bipolar Disorder Vulnerability Book
Author : Jair Soares,Consuelo Walss-Bass,Paolo Brambilla
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-06-09
ISBN : 0128125608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bipolar Disorder Vulnerability: Perspectives from Pediatric and High-Risk Populations synthesizes our current understanding of high-risk and pediatric populations to aid readers in identifying markers of vulnerability for the development of bipolar disorder, with an ultimate goal of the development of drug targets and other therapies for early diagnosis and treatment. The book provides readers with an understanding of biological and environmental factors influencing disease manifestation that will aid them in defining discrete clinical stages and, importantly, establish an empirical basis for the application of novel therapeutics in a phase of illness during which specific treatments could more effectively alter disease course. Whereas most of the literature available on the pathophysiological mechanisms of bipolar disorder focuses on chronically ill adult individuals, this represents the only book that specifically examines pediatric and high-risk populations. An estimated 30 to 60 percent of adult bipolar disorder patients have their disease onset during childhood, with early-onset cases representing a particularly severe and genetically loaded form of the illness. Highlights diverse translational methodologies, including functional and structural neuroimaging, neuropsychological testing and integrated genomics Examines molecular trajectories in youth with bipolar disorder and unaffected youth at high risk for developing bipolar disorder Explores the interaction between genomic and environmental influences that shape behavior

Neurological Psychiatric and Developmental Disorders

Neurological  Psychiatric  and Developmental Disorders Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Nervous System Disorders in Developing Countries
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 9780309170932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain disordersâ€"neurological, psychiatric, and developmentalâ€"now affect at least 250 million people in the developing world, and this number is expected to rise as life expectancy increases. Yet public and private health systems in developing countries have paid relatively little attention to brain disorders. The negative attitudes, prejudice, and stigma that often surround many of these disorders have contributed to this neglect. Lacking proper diagnosis and treatment, millions of individual lives are lost to disability and death. Such conditions exact both personal and economic costs on families, communities, and nations. The report describes the causes and risk factors associated with brain disorders. It focuses on six representative brain disorders that are prevalent in developing countries: developmental disabilities, epilepsy, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and stroke. The report makes detailed recommendations of ways to reduce the toll exacted by these six disorders. In broader strokes, the report also proposes six major strategies toward reducing the overall burden of brain disorders in the developing world.

Melancholia A Disorder of Movement and Mood

Melancholia  A Disorder of Movement and Mood Book
Author : Gordon Parker,Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic,Kerrie Eyers
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1996-03-29
ISBN : 9780521472753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes the development of a new approach to the diagnosis and pathogenesis of melancholic depression.

Insight and Psychosis

Insight and Psychosis Book
Author : Xavier F. Amador,Anthony S. David
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004-07-22
ISBN : 0198525680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The insight a patient shares into their own psychosis is fundamental to their condition - it goes to the heart of what we understand 'madness' to be. Can a person be expected to accept treatment for a condition that they deny they have? Can a person be held responsible for their actions if those actions are inspired by their own unique perceptions and beliefs - beliefs that no-one else shares? The topic of insight in schizophrenia and related disorders has become a major focus of research in psychiatry and psychology. It has important clinical implications in terms of outcome, treatment adherence, competence, and forensic issues. In order to study 'insight' a broad perspective is required. This involves applying knowledge from the cognitive and brain sciences, as well as from philosophy and the social sciences. Insight and Psychosis comprises a series of in-depth, well-referenced, scholarly overviews from each of these perspectives with a strong empirical foundation - including in some cases the presentation of new data and meta-analysis of the published literature. These are integrated and synthesised by the editors, both acknowledged experts in the field. The scope is truly international and spans theoretical perspectives, clinical practice, and consumer views. The book will act as a source for students and researchers interested in pursuing any number of questions and controversies around lack of insight and awareness, and will guide clinical psychologists and psychiatrists who seek a broader view of the many facets of insight that might arise during their day-to-day work.

Drug Discovery for Psychiatric Disorders

Drug Discovery for Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : Zoran Rankovic,Richard Hargreaves,Matilda Bingham
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2012-10-08
ISBN : 1849734941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The discovery and development of effective medicines for the treatment of psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and depression has been heralded as one of the great medical achievements of the past century. Indeed, the profound impact of these medicines on our understanding of the pathophysiology underlying these diseases, the treatment of psychiatric patients and even our social perception of mental illnesses cannot be underestimated. However, there is still an urgent medical need for even more effective, safe and well-tolerated treatments. For example, currently available treatments for schizophrenia address mainly the positive symptoms and largely neglect the negative symptoms and cognitive disfunction which greatly impact overall morbidity. Similarly, whilst the current first line antidepressants show significantly improved side effect profiles compared to the first generation therapies, there still up to 40% of patients who are treatment resistant, and even in the patient population which responds well, the onset of action is slow at typically 2-3 weeks. The aim of this book is to provide the first point of call for those involved or just interested in this rapidly expanding and increasingly fragmented field of research and drug discovery. The editors will combine their wide ranging experience and extensive network of contacts with leading scientists and opinion leaders in this field to provide an authoritative reference text covering the evolution, major advances, challenges and future directions in drug discovery and medicinal chemistry for major psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, ADHD, bipolar disorder, addiction and autism.