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The Nature And Use Of Ecotoxicological Evidence

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The Nature and Use of Ecotoxicological Evidence

The Nature and Use of Ecotoxicological Evidence Book
Author : Michael C. Newman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-31
ISBN : 0128096454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Nature and Use of Ecotoxicological Evidence: Natural Science, Statistics, Psychology, and Sociology examines how toxicologists and environmental professionals come to understand and make decisions about possible harm from pollutants. Drawing on concepts and techniques from the natural, social and mathematical sciences, the book emphasizes how pollutant-related evidence is gathered, assessed, communicated and applied in decision-making. Each chapter begins with a real-world example before exploring fundamental cognitive, social, statistical or natural science concepts to explain the opening example. Methods from other disciplines for recognizing, reducing or removing the influence of impediments in wise decision-making are highlighted in each chapter. Misreading evidence by the scientific community, and miscommunication to regulators and the public, remain major impediments to wise action in pollution issues. Which evidence comes to dominate the dialogue among scientists, regulators and decision makers depends on social and scientific dynamics. Yet psychological and sociological factors that influence the movement of evidence through scientific communities to regulators receive cursory discussion by professionals unfamiliar with the sociology literature. Toxicologists, environmental scientists, psychologists and professionals and students across the sciences will find the book useful for understanding how evidence is generated, assessed and communicated in their own fields. Includes groundbreaking research synthesizing information from across the sciences to understand the decision-making process Provides real life examples and uses theoretical concepts to analyze them in clear, direct language Encourages critical thinking about complex problems

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Michael C. Newman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 1351133985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition is revised throughout and includes new and expanded information on natural resource damage assessment, the latest emerging contaminants and issues, and adds new international coverage, including case studies and rules and regulations. The text details key environmental contaminants, explores their fates in the biosphere, and discusses bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. Vignettes written by experts illustrate key themes or highlight especially pertinent examples. This edition offers an instructors' solution manual, PowerPoint slides, and supplemental images. Features: Adds all new discussions of natural resource damage assessment concepts and approaches Includes new vignettes written by leading guest authors Draws on materials from 2,500 cited sources, including 400+ new to this edition Adds numerous new entries to a useful glossary of 800+ terms Includes a new appendix discussing Brazilian environmental laws and regulations added to existing appendices outlining U.S., E.U., Chinese, Australian, and Indian environmental laws Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fifth Edition contains a broad overview of ecotoxicology and provides a basic understanding of the field. Designed as a textbook for use in introductory graduate or upper-level undergraduate courses in ecotoxicology, applied ecology, environmental pollution, and environmental science, it can also be used as a general reference for practicing environmental toxicologists.

Biogeochemical Health and Ecotoxicological Perspectives on Gold and Gold Mining

Biogeochemical  Health  and Ecotoxicological Perspectives on Gold and Gold Mining Book
Author : Ronald Eisler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-10-28
ISBN : 1420037986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the esteemed nature of gold in society, evidence of adverse ecotoxicological effects and risk to human health in various mining and extraction techniques has generated increasing interest in the biological and environmental implications of gold. Biogeochemical, Health, and Ecotoxicological Perspectives on Gold and Gold Mining is the first comprehensive book to evaluate the effect of gold production and use on human health as well as the environmental impact of gold mining and extraction. Dr. Ronald Eisler, a well-known senior research biologist and expert in the chemical and biological effects of various compounds on wildlife, provides a thorough risk assessment of gold, including its geology and sources and physical, chemical, and metabolic properties. The author documents gold concentrations and field collections of abiotic materials and biota and presents research on the lethal and sublethal effects of gold on plants and animals. Supported by case histories, the book examines health risks in gold miners, human sensitivity to jewelry and dental implants, and medicinal uses. It uses examples in several countries to thoroughly explore the environmental effects of gold extraction, including tailings disposal, acid mine drainage, cyanide, arsenic, and mercury contamination, water management issues, and abandoned mines. Unlike traditional risk assessments, the author also takes into account social, political, economic, medicinal, and psychological variables for a more complete perspective on gold's impact on health and the environment. Biogeochemical, Health, and Ecotoxicological Perspectives on Gold and Gold Mining concludes with a discussion on mining legislation, safety, and procedures.

Crime Science and Digital Forensics

Crime Science and Digital Forensics Book
Author : Anthony C. Ijeh,Kevin Curran
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 1000405966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a collation of articles on counter forensics practices and digital investigative methods from the perspective of crime science. The book also shares alternative dialogue on information security techniques used to protect data from unauthorised access and manipulation. Scandals such as those at OPCW and Gatwick Airport have reinforced the importance of crime science and the need to take proactive measures rather than a wait and see approach currently used by many organisations. This book proposes a new approach in dealing with cybercrime and unsociable behavior involving remote technologies using a combination of evidence-based disciplines in order to enhance cybersecurity and authorised controls. It starts by providing a rationale for combining selected disciplines to enhance cybersecurity by discussing relevant theories and highlighting the features that strengthen privacy when mixed. The essence of a holistic model is brought about by the challenge facing digital forensic professionals within environments where tested investigative practices are unable to provide satisfactory evidence and security. This book will be of interest to students, digital forensic and cyber security practitioners and policy makers. It marks a new route in the study of combined disciplines to tackle cybercrime using digital investigations and crime science.

Ecotoxicological Risk Assessment of the Chlorinated Organic Chemicals

Ecotoxicological Risk Assessment of the Chlorinated Organic Chemicals Book
Author : SETAC (Society),SETAC Foundation for Environmental Education
Publisher : S E T A C Foundation for
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objectives of the July 1994 workshop were to assess and characterize risk of organochlorines to the environment, to identify risk management options, and to develop strategies that address ecotoxicological problems. Topics discussed include sources, uses, and history of chlorine; distribution, transport, and transformation of organochlorine compounds; bioaccumulation and metabolism; modeling the fate and transport of compounds; effects on organisms; and risk management. Also included are appendices which provide case studies of trends in Canada, Sweden, and the United States. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Colin Walker
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-05-07
ISBN : 1482247003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Warfare in NaturePesticides and other industrial chemicals are at the root of many pollution problems. In view of the toxic effects of industrial chemicals found in the water, soil, and air, Ecotoxicology: Effects of Pollutants on the Natural Environment considers the impact of chemicals on the environment from a wider perspective: the evo

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Erik Jorgensen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-04-16
ISBN : 9780444536297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecotoxicology offers an overview of current ecotoxicological problems. It includes basic ecotoxicological concepts, as well as information about chemicals and toxic substances that may cause harmful effects on the ecosystem and its living components. The book, with a total of 48 chapters, is divided into three parts. The first part includes the basic concepts of ecotoxicology, starting with an introductory chapter on ecotoxicology as a subdiscipline of ecology; assessment on ecotoxicological effects and risk; and properties and effects of toxic chemicals. These topics are further discussed throughout the book, along with nomenclature, focal topics, and the history of ecotoxicology. The two remaining parts tackle harmful properties and harmful chemicals. The second part also covers bioaccumulation, bioavailability, biodegradability, biodegradation, and biomagnification. It also provides models for ecotoxicological populations, ecosystems and landscapes, and on food-web bioaccumulation. Chemicals including benzene, copper, lead, nitrogen, phenols, pheromones, phthalates, plutonium, and uranium are covered in separate chapters in the final part. This book will be of great value to ecologists, ecotoxicologists, and environmental managers. Provides an overview of the theory and application of global ecology International focus and range of ecosystems makes Ecotoxicology an indispensable resource to scientists Based on the bestselling Encyclopedia of Ecology Full-color figures and tables support the text and aid in understanding

Handbook of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Handbook of Ecotoxicology  Second Edition Book
Author : David J. Hoffman,Barnett A. Rattner,G. Allen Burton, Jr.,John Cairns, Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-11-13
ISBN : 142003250X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition focuses on toxic substances and how they affect ecosystems worldwide. It presents methods for quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects in the field and in the lab, as well as methods for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology studies. Completely revised and updated with 18 new chapters, this second edition includes contributions from over 75 international experts. Also, a Technical Review Board reviewed all manuscripts for accuracy and currency. This authoritative work is the definitive reference for students, researchers, consultants, and other professionals in the environmental sciences, toxicology, chemistry, biology, and ecology - in academia, industry, and government.

Encyclopedia of Ecology

Encyclopedia of Ecology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-11-03
ISBN : 008091456X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The groundbreaking Encyclopedia of Ecology provides an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the complete field of ecology, from general to applied. It includes over 500 detailed entries, structured to provide the user with complete coverage of the core knowledge, accessed as intuitively as possible, and heavily cross-referenced. Written by an international team of leading experts, this revolutionary encyclopedia will serve as a one-stop-shop to concise, stand-alone articles to be used as a point of entry for undergraduate students, or as a tool for active researchers looking for the latest information in the field. Entries cover a range of topics, including: Behavioral Ecology Ecological Processes Ecological Modeling Ecological Engineering Ecological Indicators Ecological Informatics Ecosystems Ecotoxicology Evolutionary Ecology General Ecology Global Ecology Human Ecology System Ecology The first reference work to cover all aspects of ecology, from basic to applied Over 500 concise, stand-alone articles are written by prominent leaders in the field Article text is supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Fully indexed and cross referenced with detailed references for further study Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert Available electronically on ScienceDirect shortly upon publication

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Colin Walker
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-05-07
ISBN : 146659179X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Warfare in Nature Pesticides and other industrial chemicals are at the root of many pollution problems. In view of the toxic effects of industrial chemicals found in the water, soil, and air, Ecotoxicology: Effects of Pollutants on the Natural Environment considers the impact of chemicals on the environment from a wider perspective: the evolution of plant toxins—and defense mechanisms against them in animals as a consequence of plant–animal warfare. Comparisons are made between this and the development of resistance by insects towards man-made insecticides. Pesticides and Drugs The text focuses particularly on problems posed by pesticides and, to a lesser extent, by drugs. This material specifically addresses the problems that pesticides pose and explores the development of resistance to them. It focuses on the history of pesticides, pesticide selectivity between target species and beneficial organisms, and types of pesticides. It discusses mandatory ecotoxicity testing as part of the process of risk assessment of environmental chemicals. The text considers the effects of pollutants at the population level, with respect to changes in numbers and genetic composition. It factors in the sublethal effects of pollutants on population levels, and cites an increase in the concentration of persistent pollutants in natural food chains as a cause of the decline of certain vertebrate predators. Overall the text: • Considers plant toxins as models for pesticides • Emphasizes principles illustrated with practical examples • Includes a glossary of terms Divided into three sections, this text uses a variety of examples and case studies to examine the effects of pollutants—including naturally occurring ones—on natural processes. It guides the reader through the basic issues and principles; outlines the science of ecotoxicology, which is the study of the effects of chemicals upon ecosystems; and introduces various strategies for pollution control.

Toxicology and Ecotoxicology in Chemical Safety Assessment

Toxicology and Ecotoxicology in Chemical Safety Assessment Book
Author : Laura Robinson,Ian Thorn
Publisher : CRC PressI Llc
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of chemicals in any workplace in the developed world is governed by stringent health, safety and environmental legislation, and companies spend significant amounts of time and money assessing the risks associated with the handling and use of chemicals. In practice, those risk assessments are generally carried out by a range of competent people, be it the corporate safety manager, the R&D chemist or the manufacturing unit manager. This book will guide those personnel in the understanding, interpretation and application of toxicological and ecotoxicological information, supplied on a material safety data sheet, when planning the safe handling and use of chemicals. This volume is directed at corporate health & safety officers and safety managers; R&D chemists; process chemists and engineers, and manufacturing unit managers & supervisors in the pharmaceutical industry and the bulk, fine and specialty chemicals industries.

Marine Ecotoxicology

Marine Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Julián Blasco,Peter M. Chapman,Olivia Campana,Miriam Hampel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 012803372X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine Ecotoxicology: Current Knowledge and Future Issues is the first unified resource to cover issues related to contamination, responses, and testing techniques of saltwater from a toxicological perspective. With its unprecedented focus on marine environments and logical chapter progression, this book is useful to graduate students, ecotoxicologists, risk assessors, and regulators involved or interested in marine waters. As human interaction with these environments increases, understanding of the pollutants and toxins introduced into the oceans becomes ever more critical, and this book builds a foundation of knowledge to assist scientists in studying, monitoring, and making decisions that affect both marine environments and human health. A team of world renowned experts provide detailed analyses of the most common contaminants in marine environments and explain the design and purpose of toxicity testing methods, while exploring the future of ecotoxicology studies in relation to the world’s oceans. As the threat of increasing pollution in marine environments becomes an ever more tangible reality, Marine Ecotoxicology offers insights and guidance to mitigate that threat. Provides practical tools and methods for assessing and monitoring the accumulation and effects of contaminants in marine environments Unites world renowned experts in marine ecotoxicology to deliver thorough and diverse perspectives Builds the foundation required for risk assessors and regulators to adequately assess and monitor the impact of pollution in marine environments Offers helpful insights and guidance to graduate students, ecotoxicologists, risk assessors, and regulators interested in mitigating threats to marine waters

Metal Ecotoxicology Concepts and Applications

Metal Ecotoxicology Concepts and Applications Book
Author : Michael C. Newman,Alan W. McIntosh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 1000157792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an in-depth discussion of various aspects of metal ecotoxicology. State-of-the-art information and techniques in areas ranging from metal behavior in surface waters to bioaccumulation kinetics and toxicokinetics to community effects are presented in a hierarchical arrangement. Specific topics discussed include metals in abiotic components of ecosystems, autecology (effects of metals relative to the individual or a single species), and metals in marine and freshwater systems in the context of synecology (species associated and interacting as a unit). This is an important book that will be useful to researchers, risk assessment consultants, regulatory personnel, and teachers and students.

Organic Pollutants

Organic Pollutants Book
Author : C. H. Walker
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-04-26
ISBN : 9780748409624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic pollutants continue to be a major hazard in the environment. Often difficult to measure accurately and to deal with effectively, these compounds feature more and more prominently in courses on environmental toxicology and environmental sciences. This much needed book is a companion to the highly praised Principles of Ecotoxicology. It covers organic pollutants in greater depth and detail than has been covered in a textbook before. The first part covers issues such as: chemical warfare metababolism of pollutants in animals and plants environmental fate, and effects within ecosystems This is followed by discussion of particular pollutants such as: organochloride insecticides PCBs dioxins organometallic compounds polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons anticoagulant rodenticides amongst others. The book concludes with coverage of ecotoxicity testing, biomarkers and bioassays and future prospects for improved assessment of the dangers these compounds pose. It breaks new ground in offering a concise source of information on these compounds at a level suitable for senior undergraduates and postgraduates. Professionals working within the fields of environmental toxicology and environmental science will also find it a valuable reference.

Ecotoxicology Ecological Risk Assessment and Multiple Stressors

Ecotoxicology  Ecological Risk Assessment and Multiple Stressors Book
Author : Gerassimos Arapis,Nadezhda Goncharova,Philippe Baveye
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-22
ISBN : 1402044763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The science of ecotoxicology and the practice of ecological risk assessment are evolving rapidly. Ecotoxicology as a subject area came into prominence in the 1960s after the publication of Rachel Carson's book on the impact of pesticides on the environment. The rise of public and scientific concern for the effects of chemical pollutants on the environment in the 1960s and 1970s led to the development of the discipline of ecotoxicology, a science that takes into account the effects of chemicals in the context of ecology. Until the early 1980s, in spite of public concern and interest among scientists, the assessment of ecological risks associated with natural or synthetic pollutants was not considered a priority issue by most government. However, as the years passed, a better understanding of the importance of ecotoxicology emerged and with it, in some countries, the progressive formalization of an ecological risk assessment process. Ecological risk assessment is a conceptual tool for organizing and analyzing data and information to evaluate the likelihood that one or more stressors are causing or will cause adverse ecological effects. Ecological risk assessment allows risk managers to consider available scientific information when selecting a course of action, in addition to other factors that may affect their decision (e. g. , social, legal, political, or economic). Ecological risk assessment includes three phases (problem formulation, analysis, and risk characterization).

Molecular Ecotoxicology of Plants

Molecular Ecotoxicology of Plants Book
Author : Heinrich Sandermann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3662088185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A well-structured and comprehensive summary of the strategies and several case studies for applying molecular plant genomics in the fields of plant ecotoxicology and plant ecology. With an increasing number of plant genome projects now being completed, there arises the need to develop plant functional genomics. The book concentrates on ecological functions and relates molecular stress responses and signalling pathways to environmental interactions. This paves the way for uncovering new mechanisms of plant fitness, population dynamics and evolution, and new possibilities for plant breeding and sustainable agriculture. Topics covered include: definition and up-scaling of molecular ecotoxicology; signalling substances, enzymes and genes involved in defence against pathogens, xenobiotics, ozone, UV-B and further environmental stressors; and manipulation of plant signal transduction by soil bacteria.

Handbook of Ecotoxicology

Handbook of Ecotoxicology Book
Author : Peter P. Calow
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-06-05
ISBN : 1444313509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Ecotoxicology provides a readily accessible, yet critical collection of information on ecotoxicological testing. Now available in a single paperback volume, this handbook represents excellent value. Part A concentrates on techniques, especially those tests used for prediction. Thorough descriptions of the main tests are provided, followed by critical analyses in terms of ease of handling, repeatability and ecological relevance, and finally, an extensive bibliography citing key documents describing test methods and key papers evaluating them. Part B focuses on the toxicants themselves: summarising their ecological effects, describing ways of predicting effects from physico-chemical properties alone, and describing and discussing fate models. Now available as a single volume in paperback An invaluable reference resource

Ecotoxicological Testing for the Marine Environment

Ecotoxicological Testing for the Marine Environment Book
Author : Guido Persoone,Edmonde Jaspers,Christine Claus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 9789090008127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ecotoxicological Testing for the Marine Environment book written by Guido Persoone,Edmonde Jaspers,Christine Claus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ecotoxicological Diagnosis in the Tanning Industry

Ecotoxicological Diagnosis in the Tanning Industry Book
Author : Mwinyikione Mwinyihija
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-11
ISBN : 9781441962669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The tanning industry is a major source of pollution worldwide, particularly in developing countries. The major public concern over tanneries has traditionally been about odours and water pollution from untreated discharges. Important poll- ants associated with the tanning industry include chlorides, tannins, chromium, sulphate and sulphides as well as trace organic chemicals and, increasingly, synthetic chemicals such as pesticides, dyes and finishing agents, as well as solvents. These substances are frequently toxic and persistent, and affect both human and environmental health. The primary focus in this book was to identify the recently developed ecoto- cological analytical trends (rapid, simple and inexpensive) related to the tanning industry on terrestrial and aquatic systems. The resultant research data reported, incorporates both field related and laboratory based techniques to address under- ing environmental problems in the tanning sector. The book also includes a chapter to explore the occupational hazards in a tannery environment caused by conta- nated dust. It was important to note that an optical set-up involving microscopy and digital imaging techniques was initially used to determine dust particle numbers and size distributions as a preamble to ascertaining the dust toxicity levels.