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The Molecular Nutrition Of Fats

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The Molecular Nutrition of Fats

The Molecular Nutrition of Fats Book
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-29
ISBN : 0128112980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Molecular Nutrition of Fats presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of fats by assessing their dietary components, their structural and metabolic effects on the cell, and their role in health and disease. Subject areas include molecular mechanisms, membranes, polymorphisms, SNPs, genomic wide analysis, genotypes, gene expression, genetic modifications and other aspects. The book is divided into three sections, providing information on the general and introductory aspects, the molecular biology of the cell, and the genetic machinery and its function. Topics discussed include lipid-related molecules, dietary lipids and lipid metabolism, high fat diets, choline, cholesterol, membranes, trans-and saturated fatty acids, and lipid rafts. Other sections provide comprehensive discussions on G protein-coupled receptors, micro RNA, transcriptomics, transcriptional factors, cholesterol, triacylglycerols, beta-oxidation, cholesteryl ester transfer, beta-oxidation, lysosomes, lipid droplets, insulin mTOR signaling and ligands, and more. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to fats Discusses the impact of fats on cancer, heart disease, dementia, and respiratory and intestinal disease Includes preclinical, clinical and population studies Covers the genome, the whole body and whole communities Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms and summary points

Molecular Nutrition and Diabetes

Molecular Nutrition and Diabetes Book
Author : Didac Mauricio
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-12-08
ISBN : 0128017619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Nutrition and Diabetes: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on diabetes as a nutritional problem and its important metabolic consequences. Fuel metabolism and dietary supply all influence the outcome of diabetes, but understanding the pathogenesis of the diabetic process is a prelude to better nutritional control. Part One of the book provides general coverage of nutrition and diabetes in terms of dietary patterns, insulin resistance, and the glucose-insulin axis, while Part Two presents the molecular biology of diabetes and focuses on areas such as oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, insulin resistance, high-fat diets, nutriceuticals, and lipid accumulation. Final sections explore the genetic machinery behind diabetes and diabetic metabolism, including signaling pathways, gene expression, genome-wide association studies, and specific gene expression. While the main focus of each chapter is the basic and clinical research on diabetes as a nutritional problem, all chapters also end with a translational section on the implications for the nutritional control of diabetes. Offers updated information and a perspective on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of diabetes mellitus Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of both type1 and type2 diabetes and their complications Investigates the molecular and genetic bases of diabetes and diabetic metabolism through the lens of a rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Molecular Nutrition

Molecular Nutrition Book
Author : Manlio Vinciguerra,Paul Cordero Sanchez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-04
ISBN : 0128138629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Nutrition: Mother and Infant presents the impact of diet in early life stages, from pre-conception, throughout pregnancy, and to the infant. The book covers the molecular biology of the cell, genetic machinery and its function, general coverage on diet and nutrition, pregnancy, placenta, weight gain, breast milk, feeding practices, gestational disease, glucose metabolism, immunity, vitamins and minerals. Other topics discusses include fetal programming, bioactive compounds, amino acids, intrauterine growth, one carbon metabolism, overnutrition, genetic risk factors, polymorphisms, folic acid genes, DNA methylation, genes involved in lipid metabolism, microRNAs, epigenetics, transcriptomics and micro RNA. This book will be a welcomed reference for research scientists and practitioners, including nutritionists and dieticians. Addresses mother and infant nutrition and its critical impact on the well-being of humankind Contains coverage from pre-conception to young offspring Includes pedagogical features (e.g. a list of key facts, mini-dictionaries of terms and definitions, and summary points) to assist in its use as a reference Contains coverage of emerging fields of molecular biology and important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health

Molecular Nutrition Carbohydrates

Molecular Nutrition  Carbohydrates Book
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 0128498749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of carbohydrates. As part of the Molecular Nutrition includes sections covering carbohydrate metabolism, carbohydrates in the diet, insulin resistance, dietary sugars, cardiometabolic risk, lipoproteins, low-carbohydrate diets, antioxidants, refined dietary sugars, fats, glucose transporters, glucose sensing, the role of phosphorylation, carbohydrate responsive binding protein, cyclic AMP, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, SIRT1, insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and GIP receptor (GIPR) genes rRNA and transcription, and more. In addition, the book addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries relating to diet and nutritional health. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to carbohydrates Addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries relating to diet and nutritional health Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms and summary points

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging Book
Author : Marco Malavolta,Eugenio Mocchegiani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-15
ISBN : 0128018275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Molecular Nutrition

Molecular Nutrition Book
Author : Manlio Vinciguerra,Paul Cordero Sanchez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-15
ISBN : 0128138637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Nutrition: Mother and Infant presents the impact of diet in early life stages, from pre-conception, throughout pregnancy, and to the infant. The book covers the molecular biology of the cell, genetic machinery and its function, general coverage on diet and nutrition, pregnancy, placenta, weight gain, breast milk, feeding practices, gestational disease, glucose metabolism, immunity, vitamins and minerals. Other topics discusses include fetal programming, bioactive compounds, amino acids, intrauterine growth, one carbon metabolism, overnutrition, genetic risk factors, polymorphisms, folic acid genes, DNA methylation, genes involved in lipid metabolism, microRNAs, epigenetics, transcriptomics and micro RNA. This book will be a welcomed reference for research scientists and practitioners, including nutritionists and dieticians. Addresses mother and infant nutrition and its critical impact on the well-being of humankind Contains coverage from pre-conception to young offspring Includes pedagogical features (e.g. a list of key facts, mini-dictionaries of terms and definitions, and summary points) to assist in its use as a reference Contains coverage of emerging fields of molecular biology and important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition Book
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-11-06
ISBN : 0128010037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study or treat alcohol-related diseases. Experts from across the field of alcohol research explain how alcohol disrupts normal fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolic processes occurring in the liver as well as other parts of the body. The book discusses how this can lead to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) as well as contribute to the onset of Type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. It also explores how alcohol affects nutrient absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and can lead to anemia and reduced amounts of fat soluble vitamins. This book explores both the primary and secondary consequences of alcohol consumption. Chapters in the first section investigate the basic science of alcohol metabolism – focusing on how alcohol and its toxic metabolites disrupt and impair normal nutrient regulation at the molecular level. Further chapters explore how alcohol affects many extra-hepatic organs and tissues as well as the secondary consequences of alcohol consumption such as reduced levels of minerals like magnesium, calcium, and trace elements like zinc. Offers a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study alcohol-related diseases and attempt to treat them through nutritional strategies Explores how alcohol and its toxic metabolite acetaldehyde disrupt and impair normal macro and micro nutrient regulation at the molecular level Investigates how alcohol affects and interferes with cell signaling, cell death pathways, calcium homeostasis leading to osteoporosis, oxygen balance, as well as the pathophysiology of alcohol consumption and abuse

Issues in Food and Health 2012 Edition

Issues in Food and Health  2012 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-01-10
ISBN : 1481648829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Food and Health / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Molecular Nutrition in a concise format. The editors have built Issues in Food and Health: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Molecular Nutrition in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Food and Health: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Molecular and Cellular Effects of Nutrition on Disease Processes

Molecular and Cellular Effects of Nutrition on Disease Processes Book
Author : Grant N. Pierce,Heinz Rupp,Tohru Izumi,Alain Grynberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 1461557631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the proceedings of the 2nd World Conference of the International Society for Molecular Nutrition & Therapy. This conference was held on August 2-4, 1997, in Winnipeg, Canada. The goal of the conference was to advance our knowledge concerning the molecular events which link nutrition to various disease processes in the body. This volume represents an important compilation of unique articles addressing the molecular and cellular basis for the nutritional and therapeutic treatment of five general disease processes.

The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins

The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins Book
Author : Dominique Dardevet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-08
ISBN : 0128023759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins provides an in-depth look at the involvement and role of amino acids and proteins in molecular nutrition. Editor Dominique Dardevet has assembled a collection of chapters written by leading researchers and top professors that provide the reader with a comprehensive understanding of amino acids and proteins. The book provides an introduction to the fundamentals of amino acids and proteins as well as the composition of food. It then delves into the molecular biology of the cell and genetic machinery and its function. The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins also features reference guides for terms and bullet-point summaries, making it readily accessible to novices while still providing the most up-to-date and detailed information that experienced researchers need. Provides a gentle introduction to the subject by first addressing nutritional information and then building in molecular aspects, clearly establishing fundamental information for the reader Facilitates reader comprehension by including succinct summary points in each chapter Contains a glossary of definitions that allows readers to easily reference terms Provides both a deep and broad understanding of the subject by containing overviews as well as detail-focused chapters

Life As a Matter of Fat

Life   As a Matter of Fat Book
Author : Ole G. Mouritsen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 3540270760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a multi-disciplinary perspective on the physics of life and the particular role played by lipids and the lipid-bilayer component of cell membranes. Emphasizes the physical properties of lipid membranes seen as soft and molecularly structured interfaces. By combining and synthesizing insights obtained from a variety of recent studies, an attempt is made to clarify what membrane structure is and how it can be quantitatively described. Shows how biological function mediated by membranes is controlled by lipid membrane structure and organization on length scales ranging from the size of the individual molecule, across molecular assemblies of proteins and lipid domains in the range of nanometers, to the size of whole cells. Applications of lipids in nano-technology and biomedicine are also described.

Nutrition and Cancer Prevention

Nutrition and Cancer Prevention Book
Author : Thomas Prates Ong,Fernando Salvador Moreno
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-12-03
ISBN : 1788013417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer is a major global public health problem. Among different environmental and lifestyle factors contributing to cancer risk, diet is a key one. On the one hand, obesity and increased consumption of red and processed meat, ethanol, sugar and saturated fatty acids are associated with increased cancer risk. On the other hand, consumption of micronutrients such as vitamin D, selenium, zinc, folate and bioactive compounds from fruits and vegetables is associated with decreased risk. Written by an influential, international team of experts, this book presents and discusses current topics on nutrition and cancer prevention. It covers both nutritional influences on different cancers plus specific chapters on the commonly occurring cancers. Nutritional genomics-based studies show that some dietary components modulate carcinogenesis through complex cellular and molecular mechanisms. A better understanding of these different cellular and molecular mechanisms is needed to establish efficient dietary recommendations for cancer prevention. This book will provide such an understanding, serving as an important book for all those working in nutritional health, food science and cancer research.

Membrane Lipidomics for Personalized Health

Membrane Lipidomics for Personalized Health Book
Author : Carla Ferreri,Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-08-31
ISBN : 1118540417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Lipidomics for Personalized Health Careuses a simple and practical approach to outline the basics of lipidomics and its relationships with health and nutrition. Due to the huge presence of nutraceuticals in the market, this is an increasingly important topic since it gives personalized criteria on how to choose the right nutraceutical strategy for prevention and quality of life. The book consists of two parts: the first part presents basic knowledge on lipidomics, focused on the biochemical and nutritional topics, the second part familiarizes the reader with the use of membrane lipidomic diagnostics in practical health care, either in prevention and pathologies, in order to individuate the nutraceutical/nutritional strategy to be assigned in a personalized way to the patient. This book focuses on nutraceutical and personalised health care that will be beneficial to biologists, biochemists and medical researchers as well as health care professionals, pharmacists, nutritionists and nurses seeking comprehensive information on the topic.

Molecular Nutrition

Molecular Nutrition Book
Author : Vinood B. Patel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-24
ISBN : 0128119365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Nutrition: Vitamins presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of vitamins with a specific focus on vitamins A, B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B# (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6, (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folate), B12 (colbamin), C, D, E, and K. As part of the Molecular Nutrition series, this book discusses introductory aspects and general coverage of vitamins and nutrition, the molecular biology of the cell, including signaling, transporters, oxidative stress, receptors, uptake, immunity, proliferation, endoplasmic reticulum, differentiation, carcinogenesis and apoptosis. Final sections cover genetic machinery and its function, transcriptional processes, homeostasis genes, cancer, gene expression, mutations, and more. Emerging fields of molecular biology and important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health are also covered, rounding out the book. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to vitamins Includes material on signaling, transporters, oxidative stress, receptors, uptake, immunity, proliferation, endoplasmic reticulum, differentiation, carcinogenesis and apoptosis Presents transcriptional processes, homeostasis genes, cancer, gene expression, mutations, the sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter, p53, p21, microRNAs, one carbon metabolism, nucleic acids, DNA methylation and polymorphisms Addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health Covers Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K Discusses their impact on health relating to cancer, diabetes, arthritis, and aging Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms, and summary points

Dietary Fat and Cancer

Dietary Fat and Cancer Book
Author : American Institute for Cancer Research
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1475726708
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The annual research conference for 1996 of the American Institute for Cancer Re search was again held at the Loews L'Enfant Plaza Hotel in Washington, DC, August 29 and 30. The topic for this, the seventh in the series, was "Dietary Fat and Cancer: Genetic and Molecular Mechanisms. " Two separate presentations were given as the conference overview. "Fat and Cancer: The Epidemiologic Evidence in Perspective" noted that die tary fat can be saturated, largely from animal or dairy sources, or mono- or polyunsatu rated, mostly from plant sources. Unlike animal fats, fish contain relatively high levels of protective omega-3 fatty acids. Although the hypothesis that dietary fat is associated with cancer is plausible, the mechanisms involved are reasonable, and many animal studies support the hypothesis, there are many obstacles in any direct extrapolation to humans, in cluding imprecise measures of dietary fat intake, variability in individual diets, and spe cies variations. Despite these limitations, there is a weak positive correlation between colon cancer and dietary fat intake, but with substantial differences for various ethnic groups. In the case of breast cancer, there is substantial variation among countries and eth nic groups, but the overall evidence indicated an association with fat in the diet. Epidemiologic studies of dietary fat and prostate cancer are more consistent and most show a positive relationship. However, it was not clear which types of dietary fat were im plicated in the effect.

Trans Fats Replacement Solutions

Trans Fats Replacement Solutions Book
Author : Dharma R. Kodali
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-04-22
ISBN : 1630670332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epidemiological studies have continued to increase awareness of how trans fats impact human nutrition and health. Because of the adverse effects, trans fats labeling regulations were introduced in 2006. Since then, the fats and oils industry and food product manufacturers have researched and implemented a number of novel, practical, and cost-effective solutions for replacing trans fats with alternate products. This book provides a comprehensive understanding of the trans fats chemistry, labeling regulations, and trans fat replacement technologies. It also deals with world-wide trends and scenarios in terms of regulations and trans fat replacement solutions. Includes details on how trans fats became a part of our food chain, why they remain a health issue, and what replacement solutions exist Offers in-depth analysis of the structure, properties, and functionality of fats and oils Describes trans fats regulations and scenarios in different geographies around the world

Biochemical Physiological Molecular Aspects of Human Nutrition

Biochemical  Physiological    Molecular Aspects of Human Nutrition Book
Author : Martha H. Stipanuk
Publisher : Saunders
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents advanced nutrition in a comprehensive format ideal for graduate students in nutritional programs, organic chemistry, physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology. Focuses on the biology of human nutrition at the molecular, cellular, tissue and whole-body levels.

Fatty Acids

Fatty Acids Book
Author : David I. Mostofsky,Shlomo Yehuda,Norman Salem Jr.
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-08-03
ISBN : 1592591191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading academic and biomedical researchers comprehensively review the status of essential fatty acids (EFA) in nutrition, medicine, psychology, and pharmacology. Topics range from a discussion of EFA basic mechanisms to their effects on individual psychiatry and behavior, and include extensive coverage of pathology, DHA in CNS development, and phospholipid and fatty acid composition and metabolism. Comprehensive and forward-looking, Fatty Acids: Physiological and Behavioral Functions reviews and critically evaluates our current knowledge of EFA, setting the stage for oncoming wave of discovery about the biochemical and molecular functions of essential fatty acids, as well as their critical role in human physiology, immunology, and behavior.

Agri Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability

Agri Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability Book
Author : Francisco J. Barba,Predrag Putnik,Danijela Bursac Kovacevic
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-03
ISBN : 0128172274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Divided into five sections, Agri-Food Industry Strategies for Healthy Diets and Sustainability: New Challenges in Nutrition and Public Health provides an overview of the challenges and future perspectives related to nutrition, public health, and sustainability. The book addresses strategies to reduce fat, trans fat, saturated fat, sugar, and salt consumption, while also exploring the manufacturing, safety, and toxicology of new food manufacturing. This book examines commercial labeling and nutritional education, nutrigenomics and public health, and provides coverage of the valorization of waste and by-products from the food industry. Nutrition researchers and practitioners, food scientists, technologists, engineers, agronomists, food product developers, medical and public health professionals, and postgraduate students focused in food science and nutrition are sure to find this reference work a welcomed addition to their libraries. Contains innovative strategies to achieve a healthy diet through the design of new food products Provides comprehensive information related to agriculture, nutrition, food industry, government, and sustainable waste management and details their roles in addressing food waste Explores the ways in which innovative approaches, used to valorize and give an added value to agri-food waste and by-products, ensure the sustainability of the production process Presents nutritive education about reducing empty calories by lowering consumption of fats, sugars, and other high-calorie nutrients Delineates the roles of food industry and government in shaping the best policies for the general public and the design of new products