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The Microbiota In Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology

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The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology Book
Author : Martin H. Floch,Yehuda Ringel,W. Allen Walker
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-16
ISBN : 0128040629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology: Implications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics and Dysbiosis is a one-stop reference on the state-of-the-art research on gut microbial ecology in relation to human disease. This important resource starts with an overview of the normal microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, Ileum, and colon. The book then identifies what a healthy vs. unhealthy microbial community looks like, including methods of identification. Also included is insight into which features and contributions the microbiota make that are essential and useful to host physiology, as is information on how to promote appropriate mutualisms and prevent undesirable dysbioses. Through the power of synthesizing what is known by experienced researchers in the field, current gaps are closed, raising understanding of the role of the microbiome and allowing for further research. Explains how to modify the gut microbiota and how the current strategies used to do this produce their effects Explores the gut microbiota as a therapeutic target Provides the synthesis of existing data from both mainstream and non-mainstream sources through experienced researchers in the field Serves as a ‘one-stop’ shop for a topic that’s currently spread across a number of various journals

Gastrointestinal Physiology and Diseases

Gastrointestinal Physiology and Diseases Book
Author : Andrei I. Ivanov
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-04-13
ISBN : 9781493936014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive collection of classical and cutting edge protocols and techniques to examine the normal development and physiological functions of the gastrointestinal system and to model the most common digestive diseases. The chapters focus on diverse research topics including ex vivo systems to study gastrointestinal development and functions, in vivo imaging of the gastrointestinal tract, isolation and characterization of intestinal immune cells, and animal models of gastrointestinal inflammation and cancer. The Gastrointestinal Physiology and Diseases: Methods and Protocols book targets wide audience of physiologists, cell and developmental biologists, immunologists, and physician-scientists working in the field of gastroenterology and beyond. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Highly practical and clearly written, Gastrointestinal Physiology and Diseases: Methods and Protocols will serve both seasoned researchers as well as newcomers to the field and will provide a unique resource and expert guidance to modern laboratory techniques developed for examining normal functions and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

The Complex Interplay Between Gut Brain Gut Liver and Liver Brain Axes

The Complex Interplay Between Gut Brain  Gut Liver  and Liver Brain Axes Book
Author : Cristina Stasi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-06
ISBN : 0128219289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Complex Interplay Between Gut–Brain, Gut–Liver, and Liver–Brain Axes provides current and wide-ranging information in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions that can be used in resolving important clinical issues. This book is systematically split into three distinct sections. The first section introduces the pathophysiology of the gut–brain connection, including the causative effect of the interactions between the gut and brain in gastrointestinal and psychiatric/neurological disorders, and the role of serotonin and its pathways in gastrointestinal disorders. The second section examines the pathophysiology of the gut–liver connection along with the interactions between gut microbiota and liver in chronic liver diseases, with special focus on the role of serotonin and its pathways in hepatic fibrogenesis. Finally, the third section describes the pathophysiology of the liver–brain connection, including the role of gut microbiota in hepatic encephalopathy, as well as dietary and therapeutic interventions that target the gut microbiome. Provides current and wide-ranging knowledge in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions. Resolves important clinical issues concerning gut, liver, and brain interactions. Demonstrates advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal and liver diseases.

Gut Microbiota in Neurologic and Visceral Diseases

Gut Microbiota in Neurologic and Visceral Diseases Book
Author : Tahira Farooqui,Akhlaq A. Farooqui
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-11
ISBN : 0128210400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gut Microbiota in Neurologic and Visceral Diseases presents readers with comprehensive information on the involvement of microbiota in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders. Chapters cover the effect of microbiota on the development of visceral (obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease) and neurological disorders (Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, depression, anxiety, and autism). Sections focus on the molecular mechanisms and signal transduction processes associated with the links among microbiota-related visceral and neurological disorders. It is hoped that this discussion will not only integrate and consolidate knowledge in this field but will also jumpstart more studies on the involvement of microbiota in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders. Reviews the relationship between gut microbiome, diseases and disorders Discusses the relationship between diet, microbiota and inflammation Includes neurodegenerative, neuropsychiatric and cardiovascular disorders Covers diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders Identifies molecular mechanisms and signal transduction processes Encompasses dietary fiber, fat, prebiotics and probiotics

Mechanisms Underlying Host Microbiome Interactions in Pathophysiology of Human Diseases

Mechanisms Underlying Host Microbiome Interactions in Pathophysiology of Human Diseases Book
Author : Jun Sun,Pradeep K. Dudeja
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-26
ISBN : 149397534X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Only recently have we begun to appreciate the role of microbiome in health and disease. Environmental factors and change of life style including diet significantly shape human microbiome that in turn appears to modify gut barrier function affecting nutrient & electrolyte absorption and inflammation. Approaches that can reverse the gut dysbiosis represent as reasonable and novel strategies for restoring the balance between host and microbes. In the book, we offer summary and discussion on the advances in understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms of microbial host interactions in human diseases. We will not only discuss intestinal bacterial community, but also viruses, fungi and oral microbiome. Microbiome studies will facilitate diagnosis, functional studies, drug development and personalized medicine. Thus, this book will further highlight the microbiome in the context of health and disease, focusing on mechanistic concepts that underlie the complex relationships between host and microbes.

Microbiome Immunity Digestive Health and Nutrition

Microbiome  Immunity  Digestive Health and Nutrition Book
Author : Debasis Bagchi,Bernard W. Downs
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-29
ISBN : 0128222395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbiome, Immunity, Digestive Health and Nutrition: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Prevention and Treatment addresses a wide range of topics related to the role of nutrition in achieving and maintaining a healthy gut microbiome. Written by leading experts in the field, the book outlines the various foods, minerals, vitamins, dietary fibers, prebiotics, probiotics, nutritional supplements, phytochemicals and drugs that improve gut health. It specifically addresses molecular and cellular mechanisms and pathways by which these nutritional components contribute to the physiology and functionality of a healthy gut microbiome and gut health. Intended for nutrition researchers and practitioners, food experts, gastroenterologists, nurses, general practitioners, public health officials and health professionals, this book is sure to be a welcomed resource. Outlines the nutritional guidelines and healthy lifestyle that is important to boost gut health Demonstrates the effects of diverse environmental stressors in the disruption of the gastrointestinal ecology Discusses the molecular and immunological mechanisms associated with healthy gut microbiome functions Addresses how to boost healthy gut microflora and microbiome Suggests areas for future research of microbiome-based nutrition and therapies

Adult Short Bowel Syndrome

Adult Short Bowel Syndrome Book
Author : Mandy L. Corrigan,Kristen Roberts,Ezra Steiger
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-09
ISBN : 0128143312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adult Short Bowel Syndrome: Nutritional, Medical, and Surgical Management serves as a practical guide to the medical, surgical and nutritional care of complex patients with Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS), providing information on SBS with the most up-to-date, evidence-based data available. Additionally, the book presents global perspectives and highlights emerging areas of research that are influencing the care of patients with SBS. Intended for nutritionists, dieticians, physicians (specifically, general practitioners, gastroenterologists, and surgeons), nurse practitioners, pharmacists, students and researchers, this book serves as a quick reference on the medical, surgical and nutritional care of complex patients with short bowel syndrome. Presents emerging areas of research related to Short Bowel Syndrome (gut microbiome, pre/probiotics), as well as current applications in clinical practice Compiles an overview, classification and complications of the Short Bowel Syndrome disease state Contains effective dietary concepts (including rationale and use of oral rehydration solutions) for managing malabsorption caused by Short Bowel Syndrome Includes medical and pharmaceutical management techniques to compliment nutrition interventions Discusses surgical options for consideration in patients with Short Bowel Syndrome Highlights international perspectives on treatment and care

The Gut Brain Axis

The Gut Brain Axis Book
Author : Niall Hyland,Catherine Stanton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-05-13
ISBN : 0128025441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

Sleisenger and Fordtran s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease

Sleisenger and Fordtran s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease Book
Author : Mark Feldman,Lawrence S. Friedman,Lawrence J. Brandt
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2020-06-09
ISBN : 0323710948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For nearly 50 years, Sleisenger & Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease has been the go-to reference for gastroenterology and hepatology residents, fellows, physicians, and the entire GI caregiving team. Now in a fully revised 11th Edition, this two-volume masterwork brings together the knowledge and expertise of hundreds of global experts who keep you up to date with the newest techniques, technologies, and treatments for every clinical challenge you face in gastroenterology and hepatology. A logical organization, more than 1,100 full-color illustrations, and easy-to-use algorithms ensure that you’ll quickly and easily find the information you need. Features new and expanded discussions of chronic hepatitis B and C, Helicobacter pylori infection, colorectal cancer prevention through screening and surveillance, biologic agents and novel small molecules to treat and prevent recurrences of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), gastrointestinal immune and autoimmune diseases, and more. Offers reliable coverage of key topics such as Barrett’s esophagus, gut microbiome, enteric microbiota and probiotics, fecal microbiota transplantation, and hepatic, pancreatic, and small bowel transplantation. Provides more quick-reference algorithms that summarize clinical decision making and practical approaches to patient management. Employs a consistent, templated, format throughout for quick retrieval of information. Includes monthly updates online, as well as more than 20 procedural videos.

Advances in Probiotics

Advances in Probiotics Book
Author : Dharumaurai Dhansekaran,Alwarappan Sankaranarayanan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-15
ISBN : 0128230916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Probiotics: Microorganisms in Food and Health highlights recent advances in probiotic microorganisms, commercial probiotics, safety aspects of probiotics, preparation and commercialization, microbiome therapy for diseases and disorders, and next generation probiotics. This is a comprehensive resource of developments of new formulations and products for probiotic and prebiotic food with focus on the microorganisms to enable effective probiotic delivery. The book deliberates contemporary trends and challenges, risks, limitations in probiotic and prebiotic food to deliver an understanding not only for research development purposes but also to benefit further standardize industrial requirements and other techno-functional traits of probiotics. At present there is no solitary volume to describe the probiotics and prebiotics properties, Advances in Probiotics: Microorganisms in Food and Health provides novel information to fill the overall gap in the market. It presents the most current information on probiotic and prebiotics for the food industry. This book is a valuable resource for academicians, researchers, food industrialists, and entrepreneurs. Presents a simulated gastrointestinal system to analyze the probiotics effects on gut microbiome for learning purpose Includes research information on Next Generation Probiotics to foster new formulations Provides comprehensive information on probiotic microorganism behavior for more accurate analysis Discusses the potential of probiotic and prebiotic foods in preventing disease

Geriatric Gastroenterology

Geriatric Gastroenterology Book
Author : C. S. Pitchumoni,T. Dharmarajan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-07-26
ISBN : 1441916237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As aging trends in the United States and Europe in particular are strongly suggestive of increasingly older society, it would be prudent for health care providers to better prepare for such changes. By including physiology, disease, nutrition, pharmacology, pathology, radiology and other relevant associated topics, Geriatric Gastroenterology fills the void in the literature for a volume devoted specifically to gastrointestinal illness in the elderly. This unique volume includes provision of training for current and future generations of physicians to deal with the health problems of older adults. It will also serve as a comprehensive guide to practicing physicians for ease of reference. Relevant to the geriatric age group, the volume covers epidemiology, physiology of aging, gastrointestinal physiology, pharmacology, radiology, pathology, motility disorders, luminal disorders, hepato-biliary disease, systemic manifestations, neoplastic disorders, gastrointestinal bleeding, cancer and medication related interactions and adverse events, all extremely common in older adults; these are often hard to evaluate and judge, especially considering the complex aging physiology. All have become important components of modern medicine. Special emphasis is be given to nutrition and related disorders. Capsule endoscopy and its utility in the geriatric population is also covered. Presented in simple, easy to read style, the volume includes numerous tables, figures and key points enabling ease of understanding. Chapters on imaging and pathology are profusely illustrated. All chapters are written by specialists and include up to date scientific information. Geriatric Gastroenterology is of great utility to residents in internal medicine, fellows in gastroenterology and geriatric medicine as well as gastroenterologists, geriatricians and practicing physicians including primary care physicians caring for older adults.

Nutrition and Functional Foods in Boosting Digestion Metabolism and Immune Health

Nutrition and Functional Foods in Boosting Digestion  Metabolism and Immune Health Book
Author : Debasis Bagchi,Sunny Ohia
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-01
ISBN : 0128232196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrition and Functional Foods in Boosting Digestion, Metabolism and Immune Health explores the role of appropriate nutrition and digestive enzymes in healthy digestion. The book addresses salient gastrointestinal features involved in healthy digestion pathophysiology, including coverage of the enzyme-microbiome connection and linkage, features of indigestion problems, roles of traditional and conventional ethnic foods, structurally diverse digestive enzymes, drugs, nutraceuticals and novel digestive formulations. In addition, the book addresses technological breakthroughs that have led to recent, novel discoveries and outlines nutritional guidelines and recommendations to achieve healthy digestion. This book is a useful resource for nutrition researchers, nutritionists, physicians working in the field of digestive health, pharmacists, food experts, health professionals, nurses and general practitioners, public health officials and those teaching or studying related fields. Provides coverage of digestion, human physiology and the enzyme-microbiome linkage Covers indigestion problems, including gut dysbiosis and its role in chronic disease Addresses traditional and conventional ethic foods Discusses digestive enzymes, as well as digestive drugs, enzymes, nutraceuticals and novel formulations

Inflammation Infection and Microbiome in Cancers

Inflammation  Infection  and Microbiome in Cancers Book
Author : Jun Sun
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-20
ISBN : 3030679519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a summary and discussion of the advances of inflammation and infection in various cancers. The authors cover the classically known virus infections in cancer, novel roles of other pathogens (e.g. bacteria and fungi), as well as biomarkers for diagnosis and therapy. Further, the chapters highlight the progress of immune therapy, stem cells and the role of the microbiome in the pathophysiology of cancers. Readers will gain insights into complex microbial communities, that inhabit most external human surfaces and play a key role in health and disease. Perturbations of host-microbe interactions often lead to altered host responses that can promote cancer development. Thus, this book highlights emerging roles of the microbiome in pathogenesis of cancers and outcome of therapy. The focus is on mechanistic concepts that underlie the complex relationships between host and microbes. Approaches that can inhibit infection, suppress chronic inflammation and reverse the dysbiosis are discussed, as a means for restoring the balance between host and microbes. This comprehensive work will be beneficial to researchers and students interested in infectious diseases, microbiome, and cancer as well as clinicians and general physiologists.

Nutritional Management of Gastrointestinal Disease An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America

Nutritional Management of Gastrointestinal Disease  An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America Book
Author : Andrew Ukleja
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2018-02-07
ISBN : 0323581552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Several new scientific developments in the area of nutrition and an increasing interest in the nutritional interventions in gastrointestinal diseases justify a timely issue on on Nutritional Management of Gastrointestinal Disease. The articles in this issue are very relevant to our readers because diet and nutritional therapy positively affect various bodily functions, reduce the risk of disease progression, and optimize outcomes in patients with gastrointestinal disorders. Expert authors have written reviews devoted to the following topics: Malnutrition in GI disorders; Detection and nutritional assessment; Enteral feeding: Access and its complications; Parenteral nutrition: Indications, access and complications; Nutritional aspects of acute pancreatitis; Nutritional therapy in chronic pancreatic; Nutritional interventions in chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction and scleroderma; The role of diet in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome; and Nutritional considerations in celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Readers will have a complete clinical understanding of best practices and outcomes for the gastroenterologist managing GI diseases.

Pathophysiology

Pathophysiology Book
Author : David C. Gaze
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-05-30
ISBN : 1789231809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pathophysiology is the convergence of pathology (the discipline of observed changes in a diseased state) with physiology (the mechanisms of systems operation). It represents the functional changes that occur because of injury or disease. This volume provides state-of-the-art up-to-date literature reviews on pathophysiological processes in a number of disease states. The book is organised methodically in a head-to-toe systems approach examining aspects of neuropathophysiology, endocrine pathophysiology, structural biology, renal pathophysiology and genitourinary pathophysiology. This short volume on pathophysiology is intended for general medical and biomedical students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In addition, it is a useful short update of recent advances in research and translational biology to those working in academia or healthcare science.

Evolution Biodiversity and a Reassessment of the Hygiene Hypothesis

Evolution  Biodiversity and a Reassessment of the Hygiene Hypothesis Book
Author : Graham A. W. Rook,Christopher A. Lowry
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-03-24
ISBN : 3030910512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited collection of 12 chapters by research workers from a wide range of disciplines resolves the confusion that currently surrounds the “hygiene hypothesis” by considering the human need for exposure to microorganisms from an evolutionary point of view. The book explains why we evolved a requirement for exposure to microbiota from our mothers, from other people, and from the natural environment. It also explains the physiological roles of these exposures, what goes wrong when the exposures are distorted and how human lifestyles and activities, including degradation of the natural environment, are leading to this distortion. Particular attention is given to the range of pathologies associated with inappropriate microbial exposures and inappropriate colonization, including immunoregulatory problems such as allergies and autoimmunity, metabolic problems such as obesity and diabetes, and problems of central nervous system function and neurodegeneration. This book is of profound relevance to most medical disciplines, but also to those concerned with preserving the natural environment and with developing healthier urbanisation.

Netter s Gastroenterology E Book

Netter s Gastroenterology E Book Book
Author : Martin H. Floch
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2019-01-18
ISBN : 0323596258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Perfect for residents, generalists, medical students, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who need a practical, working knowledge of gastroenterology, Netter's Gastroenterology, 3rd Edition, provides a concise overview highlighted by unique, memorable Netter illustrations. This superb visual resource showcases the well-known work of Frank H. Netter, MD, and his successor, Carlos Machado, MD, a physician who has created clear, full-color illustrations in the Netter tradition. Up-to-date coverage of the full range of digestive diseases—including gastroenterology, hepatology, and nutrition— keeps you current with the latest information in the field. Offers a quick and memorable summary of nearly 200 of the most commonly encountered clinical conditions, from classic to contemporary. Concise text is presented in a templated format for fast, easy access to information. Features over 300 Netter and Netter-style images that highlight key aspects of patient presentation, pathophysiology, and relevant anatomy to provide a rich visual understanding of the most important concepts. Includes access to 25 printable patient education brochures in the enhanced eBook version. Provides complete guidance on all major GI diseases and conditions through sections on normal structure and function, the clinical picture, diagnosis, treatment and management, course and progress, and prevention and control. Offers dependable clinical advice from Drs. Martin H. Floch, Neil R. Floch, Joseph K. Lim, C. S. Pitchumoni, Raul J. Rosenthal, and James S. Scolapio, as well as many world-renowned chapter contributors.

Probiotics in The Prevention and Management of Human Diseases

Probiotics in The Prevention and Management of Human Diseases Book
Author : Mitesh Kumar Dwivedi,N. Amaresan,A Sankaranaryanan,Helen Kemp
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-02
ISBN : 0128237341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probiotics in The Prevention and Management of Human Diseases: A Scientific Perspective addresses the use of probiotics and their mechanistic aspects in diverse human diseases. In particular, the mechanistic aspects of how these probiotics are involved in mitigating disease symptoms (novel approaches and immune-mechanisms induced by Probiotics), clinical trials of certain probiotics, and animal model studies will be presented through this book. In addition, the book covers the role of probiotics in prevention and management aspects of crucial human diseases, including multidrug resistant infections, hospital acquired infections, allergic conditions, autoimmune diseases, metabolic disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, neurological disorders, and cancers. Finally, the book addresses the use of probiotics as vaccine adjuvants and as a solution for nutritional health problems and describes the challenges of using probiotics in management of human disease conditions as well as their biosafety concerns. Intended for nutrition researchers, microbiologists, physiologists, and researchers in related disciplines as well as students studying these topics require a resource that addresses the specific role of probiotics in the prevention and management of human disease. Contains information on the use of probiotics in significant human diseases, including antibiotic resistant microbial infections Presents novel applications of probiotics, including their use in vaccine adjuvants and concept of pharmabiotics Includes case studies and human clinical trials for probiotics in diverse disease conditions and explores the role of probiotics in mitigation of the symptoms of disease

The Gut Microbiome An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America E Book

The Gut Microbiome  An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America  E Book Book
Author : Eamonn M.M. Quigley
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2017-02-09
ISBN : 0323509975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dr. Quigley has created a must-have reference on the gut microbiome for the practicing gastroenterologist. A leader in the field of human physiology and digestive disorders, he has laid out the basics on this increasingly important topic, devoting articles to the organization and biology of the human gut microbiome as well as its diagnostic potential. Top international authors have presented articles that discuss the intersection of the gut microbiome and diet and the gut-brain axis. Clinical implications of the gut microbiome are discussed with disease states like IBD, GI cancer, and liver diseases. Finally, the issue ends with the cutting-edge clinical innovation of fecal microbial transplantation. This issue bridges the gap between science and clinical practice and should be an important reference to practicing gastroenterologists.

Probiotics

Probiotics Book
Author : Adriano Brandelli
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-15
ISBN : 032390355X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probiotics: Advanced Food and Health Applications presents the functional properties and advanced, technological aspects of probiotics for food formulation, nutrition and health implications. Specifically, the book addresses the fundamentals of probiotics, from their discovery to actual developments, the microbiological aspects of the main genus showing probiotic properties, the natural occurrence of probiotic strains in foods, the development of nutraceuticals based on probiotics, and the relationships of probiotics with health. Finally, the book covers regulatory aspects. Food scientists, nutritionists, dieticians, pharmaceutical scientists and others working in, or studying, related fields will benefit from this resource. Introduces basic concepts on probiotics and describes the properties of main microorganisms with applications in probiotics Provides a description on the natural presence of probiotics in different food matrixes and how probiotics can be developed for incorporation in food formulations Offers advice on how probiotics can be used as nutritional input, along with their value on the preservation of healthy intestinal status, and their potential benefits in specific illnesses Contains definitions, applications, literature reviews and recent developments Includes a general introduction to the subject, taxonomy, biology, primary sources of probiotics and development of probiotics as food ingredients, human nutrition and health properties, and the use of high-throughput technologies in probiotics characterization