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The Mechanics Of Hydrogels

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The Mechanics of Hydrogels

The Mechanics of Hydrogels Book
Author : Hua Li,Vadim V. Silberschmidt
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 0081028636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Mechanics of Hydrogels: Mechanical Properties, Testing, and Applications offers readers a systematic description of the mechanical properties and characterizations of hydrogels. Practical topics such as manufacturing hydrogels with controlled mechanical properties and the mechanical testing of hydrogels are covered at length, as are areas such as inelastic and nonlinear deformation, rheological characterization, fracture and indentation testing, mechanical properties of cellularly responsive hydrogels, and more. Proper instrumentation and modeling techniques for measuring the mechanical properties of hydrogels are also explored. Links the mechanical and biological behaviors and applications of hydrogels Looks at the manufacturing and mechanical testing of hydrogels Discusses the design and use of hydrogels in a wide array of applications

The Mechanics of Soft Porous Solids

The Mechanics of Soft Porous Solids Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9789492323354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Finally, in Chapter 5, we investigate the spontaneous expulsion of fluid, that is, syneresis, from an industrially relevant system: a model low fat mayonnaise. Considering the mayonnaise as a porous material, and by accounting for the geometry of the experimental setup with a two-cylinder model, we describe the measured expulsion and we critically evaluate the appropriateness of the experimental setup.

Hydrogels

Hydrogels Book
Author : Thakur Raghu Raj Singh,Garry Laverty,Ryan Donnelly
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-02-28
ISBN : 1498748627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrogels are crosslinked, macromolecular polymeric materials arranged in a three-dimensional network, which can absorb and retain large amounts of water. Hydrogels are commonly used in clinical practice and experimental medicine for a wide range of applications, including drug delivery, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, diagnostics, cellular immobilization, separation of biomolecules or cells, and barrier materials to regulate biological adhesions. This book elucidates the underlying concepts and emerging applications of hydrogels and will provide key case studies and critical analysis of the existing research.

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials Micro and Nanomechanics Volume 4

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials   Micro and Nanomechanics  Volume 4 Book
Author : Martha E. Grady
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-09
ISBN : 3030300137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials & Micro-and Nanomechanics, Volume 4 of the Proceedings of the 2019 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the fourth volume of six from the Conference, brings together contributions to important areas of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of topics, including: Extreme NanomechanicsIn-Situ NanomechanicsExpanding Boundaries in MetrologyMicro and Nanoscale DeformationMEMS for Actuation, Sensing and Characterization1D & 2D MaterialsCardiac MechanicsCell Mechanics Biofilms and Microbe MechanicsTraumatic Brain InjuryOrthopedic BiomechanicsLigaments and Soft Materials

Mechanics of Biomaterials

Mechanics of Biomaterials Book
Author : Amir. A Zadpoor
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-10-04
ISBN : 3038421286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Mechanics of Biomaterials" that was published in Materials

Biomaterials Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials  Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering Book
Author : L Hench,J. Jones
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-09-27
ISBN : 1845690869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maintaining quality of life in an ageing population is one of the great challenges of the 21st Century. This book summarises how this challenge is being met by multi-disciplinary developments of specialty biomaterials, devices, artificial organs and in-vitro growth of human cells as tissue engineered constructs. Biomaterials, Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering is intended for use as a textbook in a one semester course for upper level BS, MS and Meng students. The 25 chapters are organized in five parts: Part one provides an introduction to living and man-made materials for the non-specialist; Part two is an overview of clinical applications of various biomaterials and devices; Part three summarises the bioengineering principles, materials and designs used in artificial organs; Part four presents the concepts, cell techniques, scaffold materials and applications of tissue engineering; Part five provides an overview of the complex socio-economic factors involved in technology based healthcare, including regulatory controls, technology transfer processes and ethical issues. Comprehensive introduction to living and man-made materials Looks at clinical applications of various biomaterials and devices Bioengineering principles, materials and designs used in artificial organs are summarised

Fracture and Fatigue Volume 7

Fracture and Fatigue  Volume 7 Book
Author : Carroll Jay
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-23
ISBN : 3319007653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fracture and Fatigue, Volume 7: Proceedings of the 2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the seventh volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Microstructural Effects in Fatigue & Fracture Fracture of Interfaces Fracture of Composites and Interface Cracks Fatigue & Fracture: Environmental & Loading Effects Fracture & Digital Image Correlation

Intelligent Hydrogels

Intelligent Hydrogels Book
Author : Gabriele Sadowski,Walter Richtering
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-01-28
ISBN : 3319016830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science assembles original contributions and invited reviews from the priority research program "Intelligent Hydrogels", funded by the German Science Foundation DFG since 2006, with about 25 contributing research groups. In the center of interest of this program and the present book are responsive hydrogels, i.e. hydrophilic polymer or polyelectrolyte networks that are able to respond to environmental stimuli such as changes in temperature, pH, additive concentration or electrical field. The activities focus on different aspects: on hydrogel synthesis, on the modeling and simulation of thermophysical hydrogel properties, as well as on innovative new hydrogel applications as smart materials. The present book summarizes the highlights in the results of the priority program in original contributions and invited reviews.

Mechanics of Tough Chemically Cross linked Hydrogels

Mechanics of Tough Chemically Cross linked Hydrogels Book
Author : Siamak Shams Es-haghi
Publisher :
Release : 2015
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Double-network (DN) hydrogels developed by Gong et al. (Advanced Materials 2003, 15, 1155) are interesting polymeric materials that despite their large water content (ca. 90 wt%) possess excellent strength and toughness. Those gels can undergo large deformations and exhibit intriguing mechanical behavior such as necking in tensile loading and idealized Mullins effect. DN hydrogels are the product of free radical polymerization of a water-soluble monomer like acrylamide (AAm) inside a highly crosslinked polyelectrolyte network like poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropsnesulfonic acid) [poly(AMPS)]. That polymerization process can be done with or without using a cross-linking monomer. Therefore, DN hydrogels were first thought to be interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) or semi-IPNs (SIPNs).The main objective of this dissertation was to understand the structure-property relationships in DN hydrogels and develop a model to capture their mechanical behavior.The experimental part of this study involves synthesis and characterization of tough chemically crosslinked hydrogels based on the DN concept and performing mechanical tests on them. A physical picture was developed to describe necking phenomenon in DN hydrogels. It was found that the necking phenomenon is triggered by the damage of the first network and necking occurs at the onset of load transfer from the first network to the second one. By providing experimental evidence, it was discovered that in DN hydrogels there is a covalent grafting between first and second networks and more importantly that grafting is necessary for achieving toughness. Therefore, DN hydrogels are not true IPN or SIPN structures and depending on whether crosslinking agent is used in the second polymerization step or not, the actual microstructure of a tough DN hydrogel is either a pseudo-IPN or pseudo-SIPN, respectively, where the prefix pseudo denotes connectivity of the two networks. Crack propagation and finite tensile deformation of DN hydrogels with pseudo-SIPNs and pseudo-IPNs architectures were compared. Moreover, the effect of polymerization of a third loosely crosslinked network inside a DN hydrogel was studied and discussed.In the theoretical part, a continuum damage model was developed to describe the large strain damage elasto-plastic behavior of DN hydrogels under tensile loading. The model was formulated by developing a physical picture of fracture process and incorporating a damage variable to a strain energy density function. The model is consistent with the experimental data and can capture the elasto-plastic behavior of the material without using a yield function. It was shown that a dimensionless parameter which is a ratio of two material parameters controls the behavior of the material. Those material parameters can be related to the elastic moduli of the first and second networks and in a fundamental level can be attributed to the crosslink densities of the first and second networks. The model can capture the stable branch of material response during necking when the engineering stress becomes constant during neck propagation.

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials Volume 5

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials  Volume 5 Book
Author : Barton C. Prorok,François Barthelat,Chad S. Korach,K. Jane Grande-Allen,Elizabeth Lipke,George Lykofatitits,Pablo Zavattieri
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-26
ISBN : 1461444276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics represents one of seven volumes of technical papers presented at the Society for Experimental Mechanics SEM 12th International Congress & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, held at Costa Mesa, California, June 11-14, 2012. The full set of proceedings also includes volumes on Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Challenges in Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials, Imaging Methods for Novel Materials and Challenging Applications, Experimental and Applied Mechanics, MEMS and Nanotechnology and, Composite Materials and Joining Technologies for Composites.

Stem Cell Nanoengineering

Stem Cell Nanoengineering Book
Author : H. Baharvand
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-12-30
ISBN : 1118540727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stem Cell Nanoengineering reviews the applications of nanotechnology in the fields of stem cells, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Topics addressed include various types of stem cells, underlying principles of nanobiotechnology, the making of nano-scaffolds, nano tissue engineering, applications of nanotechnology in stem cell tracking and molecular imaging, nano-devices, as well as stem cell nano-engineering from bench to bedside. Written by renowned experts in their respective fields, chapters describe and explore a wide variety of topics in stem cell nanoengineering, making the book a valuable resource for both researchers and clinicians in biomedical and bioengineering fields.

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials Book
Author : Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-28
ISBN : 0080552943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Polyethylene Glycols Advances in Research and Application 2012 Edition

Polyethylene Glycols   Advances in Research and Application  2012 Edition Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-12-26
ISBN : 1464994625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polyethylene Glycols—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Polyethylene Glycols. The editors have built Polyethylene Glycols—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Polyethylene Glycols in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Polyethylene Glycols—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Hydrogels

Hydrogels Book
Author : Rolando Barbucci
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-23
ISBN : 9788847011045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The studies on Biohydrogels have had a rapid, exponential evolution in the last decades. This book is the result of an International conference gathering the most recent results in this field.

Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials Volume 3

Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials  Volume 3 Book
Author : Tom Proulx
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-05-21
ISBN : 1461402131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials represents one of eight volumes of technical papers presented at the Society for Experimental Mechanics Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, held at Uncasville, Connecticut, June 13-16, 2011. The full set of proceedings also includes volumes on Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials; MEMS and Nanotechnology; Optical Measurements, Modeling and, Metrology; Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Thermomechanics and Infra-Red Imaging, and Engineering Applications of Residual Stress.

Micro and Nanoengineering of the Cell Microenvironment

Micro and Nanoengineering of the Cell Microenvironment Book
Author : Ali Khademhosseini
Publisher : Artech House
Release : 2008-02-28
ISBN : 1596931493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Supported with 140 illustrations, the volume exhaustively covers the micro- and nano-system technologies involved in developing cell-based bioengineering applications. You get full details on efforts to engineer the soluble and insoluble cell microenvironments, including the latest advances in microfluidic devices, surface patterning, 3D scaffolds, and techniques for engineering cellular mechanical properties and topography.