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The Linguistic Cerebellum

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The Linguistic Cerebellum

The Linguistic Cerebellum Book
Author : Peter Mariën,Mario Manto
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-07
ISBN : 0128017856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Linguistic Cerebellum provides a comprehensive analysis of this unique part of the brain that has the most number of neurons, each operating in distinct networks to perform diverse functions. This book outlines how those distinct networks operate in relation to non-motor language skills. Coverage includes cerebellar anatomy and function in relation to speech perception, speech planning, verbal fluency, grammar processing, and reading and writing, along with a discussion of language disorders. Discusses the neurobiology of cerebellar language functions, encompassing both normal language function and language disorders Includes speech perception, processing, and planning Contains cerebellar function in reading and writing Explores how language networks give insight to function elsewhere in the brain

Language Viewed from the Brain

Language Viewed from the Brain Book
Author : Iwao Honjo
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 1999
ISBN : 3805567898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years epoch-making tools like positron emission tomography (PET), magnetoencephalography (MEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging have enabled us to finally investigate the enigma of language. This book discusses language from a primarily medical point of view. It reviews classical as well as recent studies on significant topics such as cortical mechanisms of language and the identification of receptive and perceptive speech areas. The interaction between brain areas for perception and production is discussed and a summary of the latest research in this field is provided. New findings on the role of the cerebellum and the supplementary motor area in speech perception are reported. Furthermore the latest up-to-date results of PET studies on users of cochlear implants that have immensely improved the understanding of development and plasticity of the cortical language networks, are presented. Otolaryngologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, along with audiologists and speech therapists will find a wealth of new information in this publication, which provides them with contributions on the latest results on how the brain controls speech and language.

Mosby s Medical Dictionary

Mosby s Medical Dictionary Book
Author : Mosby
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-05-06
ISBN : 9780323414258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mosby s Medical Dictionary book written by Mosby, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Components of the Language Ready Brain

Components of the Language Ready Brain Book
Author : Cedric Boeckx,Antonio Benítez-Burraco
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-09-09
ISBN : 2889198936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume highlights new avenues of research in the language sciences, and particularly, in the neurobiology of language. The term “language-ready brain” stresses, on the one hand, the importance of a brain-based description of our species’ linguistic capacity, and, on the other, the need to appreciate the crucial role culture plays in shaping the linguistic systems children acquire and adults use. For this reason, the focus is not put on language per se, but on our learning biases and cognitive pre-dispositions toward language. Both brain and culture are considered at two crucial levels of inquiry: phylogeny and ontogeny. In a fast-growing field like the language sciences and specifically, language evolution studies, this book has tried to capture several of the most exciting topics explored currently, sowing seeds for future investigations.

The Cerebellum and Language

The Cerebellum and Language Book
Author : Philippe Paquier
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9783805583299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent anatomical, clinical and neuroimaging studies have shown that the cerebellum is implicated in several higher cognitive functions such as language, memory, executive functions, visuospatial skills, thought modulation and emotional regulation of behavior. In this special issue the critical impact of cerebellar damage on language functions in children and adults is highlighted. Reviewing the literature and discussing their own observations, the authors (members of the IALP Aphasia Committee) provide a comprehensive account of current findings, hypotheses and controversies concerning the linguistic role of the cerebellum. The need of systematically assessing cerebellar patients with sensitive language tests in order to identify inconspicuous linguistic deficits which may act upon the patient's scholastic achievements, professional career or health-related quality of life is pointed out and will allow an improvement of the rehabilitation program. Speech/language pathologists, neurolinguists, neuropsychologists, as well as cognitive neuroscientists and medical practitioners with specialized interest in neurogenic language disorders will find this publication essential reading.

Neocerebellar Kalman Filter Linguistic Processor

Neocerebellar Kalman Filter Linguistic Processor Book
Author : Giorgos Panagiotis Argyropoulos,Thomas Bak,Patrick Sturt,Jim Hurford
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present work introduces a synthesis of neocerebellar state estimation and feedforward control with multi-level language processing. The approach combines insights from clinical, imaging, and modelling work on the cerebellum with psycholinguistic and historical linguistic research. It finally provides the first experimental attempts towards the empirical validation of this synthesis, employing transcranial magnetic stimulation. A neuroanatomical locus traditionally seen as limited to lower sensorimotor functions, the cerebellum has, over the last decades, emerged as a widely accepted foundation of feedforward control and state estimation. Its cytoarchitectural homogeneity and diverse connectivity with virtually all parts of the central nervous system strongly support the idea of a uniform, domain-general cerebellar computation. Its reciprocal connectivity with language-related cortical areas suggests that this uniform cerebellar computation is also applied in language processing. Insight into the latter, however, remains an elusive desideratum; instead, research on cerebellar language functions is predominantly involved in the frontal cortical-like deficits (e.g. aphasias) seldom induced by cerebellar impairment. At the same time, reflections on cerebellar computations in language processing remain at most speculative, given the lack of discourse between cerebellar neuroscientists and psycholinguists. On the other hand, the fortunate contingency of the recent accommodation of these computations in psycholinguistic models provides the foundations for satisfying the desideratum above. The thesis thus formulates a neurolinguistic model whereby multi-level, predictive, associative linguistic operations are acquired and performed in neocerebello-cortical circuits, and are adaptively combined with cortico-cortical categorical processes. A broad range of psycholinguistic phenomena, involving, among others, "pragmatic normalization", "verbal/semantic illusions", associative priming, and phoneme restoration, are discussed in the light of recent findings on neocerebellar cognitive functions, and provide a rich research agenda for the experimental validation of the proposal. The hypothesis is then taken further, examining grammaticalization changes in the light of neocerebellar linguistic contributions. Despite a) the broad acceptance of routinization and automatization processes as the domain-general core of grammaticalization, b) the growing psycholinguistic research on routinized processing, and c) the evidence on neural circuits involved in automatization processes (crucially involving the cerebellum), interdisciplinary discourse remains strikingly poor. Based on the above, a synthesis is developed, whereby grammaticalization changes are introduced in routinized dialogical interaction as the result of maximized involvement of associative neocerebello-cortical processes. The thesis then turns to the first steps taken towards the verification of the hypothesis at hand. In view of the large methodological limitations of clinical research on cerebellar cognitive functions, the transcranial magnetic stimulation apparatus is employed instead, producing the very first linguistic experiments involving cerebellar stimulation. Despite the considerable technical difficulties met, neocerebellar loci are shown to be selectively involved in formal- and semantic-associative computations, with far-reaching consequences for neurolinguistic models of sentence processing. In particular, stimulation of the neocerebellar vermis is found to selectively enhance formal-associative priming in native speakers of English, and to disrupt, rather selectively, semantic-categorical priming in native speakers of Modern Greek, as well as to disrupt the practice-induced facilitation in processing repeatedly associated letter strings. Finally, stimulation of the right neocerebellar Crus I is found to enhance, quite selectively, semantic-associative priming in native speakers of English, while stimulation of the right neocerebellar vermis is shown to disrupt semantic priming altogether. The results are finally discussed in the light of a future research agenda overcoming the technical limitations met here.

The Cerebellum From Embryology to Diagnostic Investigations

The Cerebellum  From Embryology to Diagnostic Investigations Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-06-08
ISBN : 0444639578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Cerebellum: From Embryology to Diagnostic Investigations, Volume 154 is designed to update the reader on the latest and clinically relevant advances in the study of cerebellar diseases in children and adults. It is organized into sections detailing: (1) Embryology, Anatomy and Function, and (2) Diagnostic investigations: Neuroimaging, and includes content on conventional sequences, diffusion tensor imaging, functional MRI, and connectivity studies. Its companion volume, The Cerebellum: Disorders and Treatment, describes disorders (starting from the fetal cerebellum, to adult cerebellum) encountered during daily practice and therapy (including insights into innovative drug and rehabilitative approaches to treat children and adults with cerebellar disorders). Provides an in-depth understanding of the cerebellum and its involvement in a wide variety of diseases Explores the long-term outcome data of pediatric cerebellar diseases and potential problems in adult life for patients with pediatric cerebellar diseases Features chapters co-authored by two experts, combining expertise in both pediatric and adult cerebellar diseases

A Neurolinguistic Theory of Bilingualism

A Neurolinguistic Theory of Bilingualism Book
Author : Michel Paradis
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release : 2004-06-02
ISBN : 9027285365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is the outcome of 25 years of research into the neurolinguistic aspects of bilingualism. In addition to reviewing the world literature and providing a state-of-the-art account, including a critical assessment of the bilingual neuroimaging studies, it proposes a set of hypotheses about the representation, organization and processing of two or more languages in one brain. It investigates the impact of the various manners of acquisition and use of each language on the extent of involvement of basic cerebral functional mechanisms. The effects of pathology as a means to understanding the normal functioning of verbal communication processes in the bilingual and multilingual brain are explored and compared with data from neuroimaging studies. In addition to its obvious research benefits, the clinical and social reasons for assessment of bilingual aphasia with a measuring instrument that is linguistically and culturally equivalent in each of a patient’s languages are stressed. The relationship between language and thought in bilinguals is examined in the light of evidence from pathology. The proposed linguistic theory of bilingualism integrates a neurofunctional model (the components of verbal communication and their relationships: implicit linguistic competence, metalinguistic knowledge, pragmatics, and motivation) and a set of hypotheses about language processing (neurofunctional modularity, the activation threshold, the language/cognition distinction, and the direct access hypothesis).

Speech and Language Disorders Associated with Subcortical Pathology

Speech and Language Disorders Associated with Subcortical Pathology Book
Author : Bruce E. Murdoch
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-03-25
ISBN : 9780470988206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides comprehensive coverage of speech and language disorders arising from pathological processes involving the subcortical structures of the brain. It gives an understanding of these disorders in terms of their neuropathological basis, clinical symptomatology and prognosis. A full discussion of contemporary models and theories of subcortical participation in speech and language processing is given, including discussion of the possible roles of structures such as the basal ganglia, subthalamic nucleus, thalamus and cerebellum. The book covers speech and language disorders associated with a variety of subcortical conditions, ranging from major degenerative conditions such as Parkinsons’ Disease, Huntington’s chorea and dystonia, through to acquired non-degenerative subcortical lesions arising from, for example, cerebrovascular accidents and sterotactic surgically induced lesions. In addition, a full description of the relevant assessment and treatment procedures currently recommended for use for each of the subcortical communication disorders is given.

Second Language Teaching

Second Language Teaching Book
Author : Marcel Danesi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401001871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume offers a practical introduction to the use of neuroscience to teach second languages. It provides information on the relation between how the brain learns and how this can be used to construct classroom activities, evaluates methods, syllabi, approaches, etc. from the perspective of brain functioning. It illustrates how teaching can unfold with actual examples in several languages.

Neural Mechanisms of Language

Neural Mechanisms of Language Book
Author : Maria Mody
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-24
ISBN : 1493973258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This important volume brings together significant findings on the neural bases of spoken language –its processing, use, and organization, including its phylogenetic roots. Employing a potent mix of conceptual and neuroimaging-based approaches, contributors delve deeply into specialized structures of the speech system, locating sensory and cognitive mechanisms involved in listening and comprehension, grasping meanings and storing memories. The novel perspectives revise familiar models by tracing linguistic interactions within and between neural systems, homing in on the brain’s semantic network, exploring the neuroscience behind bilingualism and multilingual fluency, and even making a compelling case for a more nuanced participation of the motor system in speech. From these advances, readers have a more three-dimensional picture of the brain—its functional epicenters, its connections, and the whole—as the seat of language in both wellness and disorders. Included in the topics: · The interaction between storage and computation in morphosyntactic processing. · The role of language in structure-dependent cognition. · Multisensory integration in speech processing: neural mechanisms of cross-modal after-effect. · A neurocognitive view of the bilingual brain. · Causal modeling: methods and their application to speech and language. · A word in the hand: the gestural origins of language. Neural Mechanisms of Language presents a sophisticated mix of detail and creative approaches to understanding brain structure and function, giving neuropsychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, developmental psychologists, cognitive psychologists, and speech/language pathologists new windows onto the research shaping their respective fields.

Translational Neuroscience of Speech and Language Disorders

Translational Neuroscience of Speech and Language Disorders Book
Author : Georgios P. D. Argyropoulos
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-27
ISBN : 3030356876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the first presentation of the state-of-the-art in the application of modern Neuroscience research in predicting, preventing and alleviating the negative sequelae of neurodevelopmental, acquired, or neurodegenerative brain abnormalities on speech and language. To this end, this edited volume brings together contributions from several leading experts in a markedly broad range of disciplines, comprising Neurology, Neurosurgery, Genetics, Engineering, Neuroimaging and Neurostimulation, Neuropsychology, and Speech and Language Therapy.

The Oxford Handbook of Neurolinguistics

The Oxford Handbook of Neurolinguistics Book
Author : Greig I. de Zubicaray,Niels O. Schiller
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-03-01
ISBN : 019067203X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurolinguistics is a young and highly interdisciplinary field, with influences from psycholinguistics, psychology, aphasiology, and (cognitive) neuroscience, as well as other fields. Neurolinguistics, like psycholinguistics, covers aspects of language processing; but unlike psycholinguistics, it draws on data from patients with damage to language processing capacities, or the use of modern neuroimaging technologies such as fMRI, TMS, or both. The burgeoning interest in neurolinguistics reflects that an understanding of the neural bases of this data can inform more biologically plausible models of the human capacity for language. The Oxford Handbook of Neurolinguistics provides concise overviews of this rapidly-growing field, and engages a broad audience with an interest in the neurobiology of language. The chapters do not attempt to provide exhaustive coverage, but rather present discussions of prominent questions posed by given topics. The volume opens with essential methodological chapters: Section I, Methods, covers the key techniques and technologies used to study the neurobiology of language today, with chapters structured along the basic divisions of the field. Section II addresses the neurobiology of language acquisition during healthy development and in response to challenges presented by congenital and acquired conditions. Section III covers the many facets of our articulate brain, or speech-language pathology, and the capacity for language production-written, spoken, and signed. Questions regarding how the brain comprehends meaning, including emotions at word and discourse levels, are addressed in Section IV. Finally, Section V reaches into broader territory, characterizing and contextualizing the neurobiology of language with respect to more fundamental neuroanatomical mechanisms and general cognitive domains.

How the Brain Evolved Language

How the Brain Evolved Language Book
Author : Donald Loritz
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2002-02-28
ISBN : 0190287985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How can an infinite number of sentences be generated from one human mind? How did language evolve in apes? In this book Donald Loritz addresses these and other fundamental and vexing questions about language, cognition, and the human brain. He starts by tracing how evolution and natural adaptation selected certain features of the brain to perform communication functions, then shows how those features developed into designs for human language. The result -- what Loritz calls an adaptive grammar -- gives a unified explanation of language in the brain and contradicts directly (and controversially) the theory of innateness proposed by, among others, Chomsky and Pinker.

Landmark Papers in Neurology

Landmark Papers in Neurology Book
Author : Martin R. Turner,Matthew C. Kiernan
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2015-08-20
ISBN : 0191652547
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current understanding of neurological disease has been evolving over the past 150 years. With the increasing and earlier sub-specialization of neurology trainees, and their variable exposure to higher academic study, there is little opportunity to put this development into a historical context as a whole. Understanding the 'evidence-base', or appreciating the lack of it in some cases, is an important part of training but this is rarely presented in a palatable, entertaining form. Part of the Landmark Papers in series, this book brings together the ten most important papers for each sub-speciality within neurology, covering the full range of major neurological conditions. Papers have been selected by leading international experts, who not only summarize what each paper showed, but place them into a wider context that makes a coherent story of how their sub-speciality has developed.

Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology

Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Book
Author : Matthew H Rouse
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2019-01-30
ISBN : 1284151069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroanatomy for Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Second Edition is specifically tailored to the needs of Communication Sciences and Disorders students. Updated with the latest research, it includes foundational knowledge of general neuroanatomy with a focus that is relevant to both audience

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy Book
Author : Jahangir Moini,Pirouz Piran
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-21
ISBN : 0128174250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy: A Guide for Health Care Professionals is a comprehensive, yet easy-to read, introduction to neuroanatomy that covers the structures and functions of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems. The book also focuses on the clinical presentation of disease processes involving specific structures. It is the first review of clinical neuroanatomy that is written specifically for nurses, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, medical students and medical assistants who work in the field of neurology. It will also be an invaluable resource for graduate and postgraduate students in neuroscience. With 22 chapters, including two that provide complete neurological examinations and diagnostic evaluations, this book is an ideal resource for health care professionals across a wide variety of disciplines. Written specifically for "mid-level" providers in the field of neurology Provides an up-to-date review of clinical neuroanatomy based on the latest guidelines Provides a logical, step-by-step introduction to neuroanatomy Offers hundreds of full-color figures to illustrate important concepts Highlights key subjects in "Focus On" boxes Includes Section Reviews at critical points in the text of each chapter

How the Brain Learns

How the Brain Learns Book
Author : David A. Sousa
Publisher : Corwin Press
Release : 2016-10-28
ISBN : 1506346340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Apply the newest brain research to enhance all students’ learning Educational neuroscience consultant David A. Sousa continues his tradition of translating new findings into effective classroom strategies and activities in this updated version of his bestselling text. This fifth edition integrates recent developments in neuroscience, education, and psychology and includes New information on memory systems, especially working memory capacity Updated research on how the explosion of technology is affecting the brain Current findings on brain organization and hemispheric specialization New evidence on how learning the arts enhances cognitive processing and creativity An expanded resources section More than 150 new or updated references

Pain Review E Book

Pain Review E Book Book
Author : Steven D. Waldman
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2016-09-22
ISBN : 0323481655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Easy to read and easy to use, Pain Review, 2nd Edition provides you with the most up-to-date, comprehensive review of pain medicine available. Written by Steven Waldman, MD, a leading author in the specialty of pain medicine, this book gives you exactly what you need – an easily understandable, targeted review of the essential basic science; beautifully illustrated, full-color anatomic figures; and a comprehensive review of common and uncommon pain syndromes, as well as how-to-do-it explanations of all of the pain management injection and nerve block techniques that every practitioner needs to know. Pain Review, 2nd Edition is an excellent tool for reviewing the specialty and for preparing for your pain medicine board review, recertification, or for the practice of pain medicine. Provides the reader with clearly written review of the signs, symptoms and physical findings of 95 defined pain syndromes classified by body region. Presents an easy-to-follow, generously illustrated, step-by step roadmap of how to perform 113 individual nerve blocks and injection techniques, as well as a review of associated pitfalls and complications. Follows an easy-to-read templated format throughout for quick mastery and retrieval of information, closely matching the format and content of the American Board of Anesthesiology pain medicine board certification exam. Maintains a consistent approach and editorial style as a single-authored text by noted authority Steven D. Waldman, MD. NEW! Conceptual illustrations are now in full color to help you better visualize injection techniques. Hundreds of NEW full color tables and figures simplify learning. NEW, updated design offers visual appeal and ease of use. Updated references throughout direct you to the most up-to-date source material.

Neural Control of Speech

Neural Control of Speech Book
Author : Frank H. Guenther
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2016-07-22
ISBN : 0262034719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive and unified account of the neural computations underlying speech production, offering a theoretical framework bridging the behavioral and the neurological literatures.