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The Interdisciplinary Handbook Of Perceptual Control Theory

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The Interdisciplinary Handbook of Perceptual Control Theory

The Interdisciplinary Handbook of Perceptual Control Theory Book
Author : Warren Mansell
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06
ISBN : 0128189487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Interdisciplinary Handbook of Perceptual Control Theory brings together the latest research, theory, and applications from W. T. Powers' Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) that proposes that the behavior of a living organism lies in the control of perceived aspects of both itself and its environment. Sections cover theory, the application of PCT to a broad range of disciplines, why perceptual control is fundamental to understanding human nature, a new way to do research on brain processes and behavior, how the role of natural selection in behavior can be demystified, how engineers can emulate human purposeful behavior in robots, and much more. Each chapter includes an author biography to set the context of their work within the development of PCT.

The Interdisciplinary Handbook of Perceptual Control Theory

The Interdisciplinary Handbook of Perceptual Control Theory Book
Author : Warren Mansell
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-16
ISBN : 0128189495
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Interdisciplinary Handbook of Perceptual Control Theory brings together the latest research, theory, and applications from W. T. Powers’ Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) that proposes that the behavior of a living organism lies in the control of perceived aspects of both itself and its environment. Sections cover theory, the application of PCT to a broad range of disciplines, why perceptual control is fundamental to understanding human nature, a new way to do research on brain processes and behavior, how the role of natural selection in behavior can be demystified, how engineers can emulate human purposeful behavior in robots, and much more. Each chapter includes an author biography to set the context of their work within the development of PCT. Presents case studies that show how PCT can be applied in different disciplines Illustrates the Test for the Controlled Variable (TCV) and the construction of functional models as fruitful alternatives to mainstream experimental design when studying behavior Shows how theory illuminates structure and functions in brain anatomy Compares and contrasts PCT with other contemporary, interdisciplinary theories

The Myth of Statistical Inference

The Myth of Statistical Inference Book
Author : Michael C. Acree
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030732576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book proposes and explores the idea that the forced union of the aleatory and epistemic aspects of probability is a sterile hybrid, inspired and nourished for 300 years by a false hope of formalizing inductive reasoning, making uncertainty the object of precise calculation. Because this is not really a possible goal, statistical inference is not, cannot be, doing for us today what we imagine it is doing for us. It is for these reasons that statistical inference can be characterized as a myth. The book is aimed primarily at social scientists, for whom statistics and statistical inference are a common concern and frustration. Because the historical development given here is not merely anecdotal, but makes clear the guiding ideas and ambitions that motivated the formulation of particular methods, this book offers an understanding of statistical inference which has not hitherto been available. It will also serve as a supplement to the standard statistics texts. Finally, general readers will find here an interesting study with implications far beyond statistics. The development of statistical inference, to its present position of prominence in the social sciences, epitomizes a number of trends in Western intellectual history of the last three centuries, and the 11th chapter, considering the function of statistical inference in light of our needs for structure, rules, authority, and consensus in general, develops some provocative parallels, especially between epistemology and politics.

The Study of Living Control Systems

The Study of Living Control Systems Book
Author : Richard S. Marken
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-02-04
ISBN : 1108485588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes psychological research methods that treat the behavior of living organisms as purposeful rather than mechanical.

Understanding Animal Behaviour

Understanding Animal Behaviour Book
Author : Sergio Pellis,Vivien Pellis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-05-20
ISBN : 110866587X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All students and researchers of behaviour – from those observing freely-behaving animals in the field to those conducting more controlled laboratory studies – face the problem of deciding what exactly to measure. Without a scientific framework on which to base them, however, such decisions are often unsystematic and inconsistent. Providing a clear and defined starting point for any behavioural study, this is the first book to make available a set of principles for how to study the organisation of behaviour and, in turn, for how to use those insights to select what to measure. The authors provide enough theory to allow the reader to understand the derivation of the principles, and draw on numerous examples to demonstrate clearly how the principles can be applied. By providing a systematic framework for selecting what behaviour to measure, the book lays the foundations for a more scientific approach for the study of behaviour.

Exploring Animal Behavior in Laboratory and Field

Exploring Animal Behavior in Laboratory and Field Book
Author : Heather Zimbler-DeLorenzo,Susan W Margulis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 0128224398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploring Animal Behavior in Laboratory and Field, Second Edition provides a comprehensive manual on animal behavior lab activities. This new edition brings together basic research and methods, presenting applications and problem-solving techniques. It provides all the details to successfully run designed activities while also offering flexibility and ease in setup. The exercises in this volume address animal behavior at all levels, describing behavior, theory, application and communication. Each lab provides details on how to successfully run the activity while also offering flexibility to instructors. This is an important resource for students educators, researchers and practitioners who want to explore and study animal behavior. The field of animal behavior has changed dramatically in the past 15 - 20 years, including a greater use and availability of technology and statistical analysis. In addition, animal behavior has taken on a more applied role in the last decade, with a greater emphasis on conservation and applied behavior, hence the necessity for new resources on the topic. Offers an up-to-date representation of animal behavior Examines ethics and approvals for the study of vertebrate animals Includes contributions from a large field of expertise in the Animal Behavior Society Provides a flexible resource that can be used as a laboratory manual or in a flipped classroom setting

Handbook of Research on Pedagogical Models for Next Generation Teaching and Learning

Handbook of Research on Pedagogical Models for Next Generation Teaching and Learning Book
Author : Keengwe, Jared
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2017-10-31
ISBN : 1522538747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every generation of students comes to the classroom with different needs than that of their predecessors. Implementing new methods and styles of teaching to meet these diverse needs will provide students with the best chance of success in their educational careers. The Handbook of Research on Pedagogical Models for Next-Generation Teaching and Learning is a critical scholarly source that examines the most effective and efficient techniques for implementing new educational strategies in a classroom setting. Featuring pertinent topics including mixed reality simulations, interactive lectures, reflexive teaching models, and project-based learning, this is an ideal publication for educators, academicians, students, and researchers that are interested in discovering more about the recent advances in educational fields.

Handbook of Research on Human Performance and Instructional Technology

Handbook of Research on Human Performance and Instructional Technology Book
Author : Song, Holim,Kidd, Terry T.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2009-10-31
ISBN : 1605667838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book addresses the connection between human performance and instructional technology with teaching and learning, offering innovative ideas for instructional technology applications and elearning"--Provided by publisher.

Handbook of Rural School Mental Health

Handbook of Rural School Mental Health Book
Author : Kurt D. Michael,John Paul Jameson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-21
ISBN : 3319647350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook offers a comprehensive overview of school mental health (SMH) initiatives in rural areas in the United States. It offers clinical and administrative guidelines for innovative and effective programs addressing critical problems among rural youth and in areas where funding and resources are scarce. Chapters cover program development, implementation, sustainability, and evaluation; consider issues of community and policy support; address barriers to access and delivery; and debunk misconceptions about the region and its cultures. Chapters also discuss rural SMH applications relating to special populations, including students with autism, depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, conduct disorders, and ADHD. In addition, the book examines the potential of school-based programs as a counter to the stigma and distrust of mental health services common to the region. “/div>Topics featured in the Handbook include: The value of rural SMH from an educator’s standpoint. Preventing suicide among students in rural schools. Substance abuse in rural school settings. Bullying and cyberbully among rural youth. Intergenerational patterns of mental illness in rural settings and their relevance for SMH. The importance of involving communities in culturally competent rural interventions. The Handbook of Rural School Mental Health is a must-have resource for researchers, scientist-practitioners, and graduate students in child and school psychology, educational psychology, social work/counseling, educational policymakers, pediatrics/school nursing, teaching, and teacher education.div

Integrating Program Management and Systems Engineering

Integrating Program Management and Systems Engineering Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-02-02
ISBN : 1119259150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrate critical roles to improve overall performance in complex engineering projects Integrating Program Management and Systems Engineering shows how organizations can become more effective, more efficient, and more responsive, and enjoy better performance outcomes. The discussion begins with an overview of key concepts, and details the challenges faced by System Engineering and Program Management practitioners every day. The practical framework that follows describes how the roles can be integrated successfully to streamline project workflow, with a catalog of tools for assessing and deploying best practices. Case studies detail how real-world companies have successfully implemented the framework to improve cost, schedule, and technical performance, and coverage of risk management throughout helps you ensure the success of your organization's own integration strategy. Available course outlines and PowerPoint slides bring this book directly into the academic or corporate classroom, and the discussion's practical emphasis provides a direct path to implementation. The integration of management and technical work paves the way for smoother projects and more positive outcomes. This book describes the integrated goal, and provides a clear framework for successful transition. Overcome challenges and improve cost, schedule, and technical performance Assess current capabilities and build to the level your organization needs Manage risk throughout all stages of integration and performance improvement Deploy best practices for teams and systems using the most effective tools Complex engineering systems are prone to budget slips, scheduling errors, and a variety of challenges that affect the final outcome. These challenges are a sign of failure on the part of both management and technical, but can be overcome by integrating the roles into a cohesive unit focused on delivering a high-value product. Integrating Program Management with Systems Engineering provides a practical route to better performance for your organization as a whole.

Defining Student Success

Defining Student Success Book
Author : Lisa M. Nunn
Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release : 2014-04-15
ISBN : 0813572118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The key to success, our culture tells us, is a combination of talent and hard work. Why then, do high schools that supposedly subscribe to this view send students to college at such dramatically different rates? Why do students from one school succeed while students from another struggle? To the usual answer—an imbalance in resources—this book adds a far more subtle and complicated explanation. Defining Student Success shows how different schools foster dissimilar and sometimes conflicting ideas about what it takes to succeed—ideas that do more to preserve the status quo than to promote upward mobility. Lisa Nunn’s study of three public high schools reveals how students’ beliefs about their own success are shaped by their particular school environment and reinforced by curriculum and teaching practices. While American culture broadly defines success as a product of hard work or talent (at school, intelligence is the talent that matters most), Nunn shows that each school refines and adapts this American cultural wisdom in its own distinct way—reflecting the sensibilities and concerns of the people who inhabit each school. While one school fosters the belief that effort is all it takes to succeed, another fosters the belief that hard work will only get you so far because you have to be smart enough to master course concepts. Ultimately, Nunn argues that these school-level adaptations of cultural ideas about success become invisible advantages and disadvantages for students’ college-going futures. Some schools’ definitions of success match seamlessly with elite college admissions’ definition of the ideal college applicant, while others more closely align with the expectations of middle or low-tier institutions of higher education. With its insights into the transmission of ideas of success from society to school to student, this provocative work should prompt a reevaluation of the culture of secondary education. Only with a thorough understanding of this process will we ever find more consistent means of inculcating success, by any measure.

Handbook of Emotions

Handbook of Emotions Book
Author : Michael Lewis,Jeannette M. Haviland-Jones,Lisa Feldman Barrett
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 2010-11-03
ISBN : 1609180445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Widely regarded as the standard reference in the field, this handbook comprehensively examines all aspects of emotion and its role in human behavior. The editors and contributors are foremost authorities who describe major theories, findings, methods, and applications. The volume addresses the interface of emotional processes with biology, child development, social behavior, personality, cognition, and physical and mental health. Also presented are state-of-the-science perspectives on fear, anger, shame, disgust, positive emotions, sadness, and other distinct emotions. Illustrations include seven color plates.

Handbook of Emotions Third Edition

Handbook of Emotions  Third Edition Book
Author : Michael Lewis,Jeannette M. Haviland-Jones,Lisa Feldman Barrett
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 2008-04-17
ISBN : 1606238035
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Widely regarded as the standard reference in the field, this handbook comprehensively examines all aspects of emotion and its role in human behavior. The editors and contributors are foremost authorities who describe major theories, findings, methods, and applications. The volume addresses the interface of emotional processes with biology, child development, social behavior, personality, cognition, and physical and mental health. Also presented are state-of-the-science perspectives on fear, anger, shame, disgust, positive emotions, sadness, and other distinct emotions. Illustrations include seven color plates.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science Book
Author : Eric Margolis,Richard Ian Samuels,Richard Samuels,Stephen P. Stich
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-02-23
ISBN : 0195309790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume offers an overview of the philosophy of cognitive science that balances breadth and depth, with chapters covering every aspect of the psychology and cognitive anthropology.

Handbook of Psychology Experimental Psychology

Handbook of Psychology  Experimental Psychology Book
Author : Alice F. Healy,Robert W. Proctor
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2003-03-11
ISBN : 0471264458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes established theories and cutting-edge developments. Presents the work of an international group of experts. Presents the nature, origin, implications, and future course of major unresolved issues in the area.

The Handbook of Stress Science

The Handbook of Stress Science Book
Author : Andrew Baum, PhD,Richard Contrada, PhD
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2010-09-29
ISBN : 9780826117717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"[F]or those who are entering the field or who want to broaden their perspective, Ibelieve that this Handbook is indispensible. More than just a contribution to the field, theHandbook may well become a classic."--PsycCRITIQUES "The editors fully achieved their goal of producing a state-of-the-science stress reference for use by investigators, educators, and practitioners with clinical and health interests."--Psycho-Oncology "This is an important book about the scientific study of stress and human adaptation. It brings together both empirical data and theoretical developments that address the fundamental question of how psychosocial variables get inside the body to influence neurobiological processes that culminate in physical disease." From the Foreword by David C. Glass, PhD Emeritus Professor of Psychology Stony Brook University Edited by two leading health psychologists, The Handbook of Stress Science presents a detailed overview of key topics in stress and health psychology. With discussions on how stress influences physical health-including its effects on the nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, and immune systems-the text is a valuable source for health psychologists, as well as researchers in behavioral medicine, neuroscience, genetics, clinical and social psychology, sociology, and public health. This state-of-the-art resource reviews conceptual developments, empirical findings, clinical applications, and investigative strategies and tools from the past few decades of stress research. It represents all major approaches to defining stress and describes the themes and developments that characterize the field of health-related stress research. The five sections of this handbook cover: Current knowledge regarding the major biological structures and systems that are involved in the stress response Social-contextual contributions to stress and to processes of adaptation to stress, including the workplace, socioeconomic status, and social support The concept of cognitive appraisal as it relates to stress and emotion psychological factors influencing stress such as, personality, gender, and adult development The evidence linking stress to health-related behaviors and mental and physical health outcomes Research methods, tools, and strategies, including the principles and techniques of both laboratory experimentation and naturalistic stress research

Handbook of Research on Estimation and Control Techniques in E Learning Systems

Handbook of Research on Estimation and Control Techniques in E Learning Systems Book
Author : Mkrttchian, Vardan
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2015-12-22
ISBN : 1466694904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Improvements in the application of online learning technologies are continually on the rise as the expectation for individuals to obtain a higher education grows and more people are seeking alternative modes of education. As more institutions implement e-learning systems, it has become increasingly important to explore the advancements and obstacles of these technologies. The Handbook of Research on Estimation and Control Techniques in E-Learning Systems presents the latest research in online learning and educational technologies for a diverse range of students and educational environments. Featuring comprehensive coverage on the implementation and usage of e-education systems, this publication explores a variety of pertinent topics including, but not limited to, ubiquitous computer technology, e-learning environments, and challenges in implementing these technologies, serving as a crucial reference source for researchers, professionals, academicians, students, government officials, and technology developers interested in the adoption and implementation of e-learning systems.

Leadership in Science and Technology A Reference Handbook

Leadership in Science and Technology  A Reference Handbook Book
Author : William Sims Bainbridge
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2011-10-20
ISBN : 1452266522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 2-volume set within the SAGE Reference Series on Leadership tackles issues relevant to leadership in the realm of science and technology. To encompass the key topics in this arena, this handbook features 100 topics arranged under eight headings. Volume 1 concentrates on general principles of science and technology leadership and includes sections on social-scientific perspectives on S&T leadership; key scientific concepts about leading and innovating in S&T; characteristics of S&T leaders and their environments; and strategies, tactics, and tools of S&T leadership. Volume 2 provides case studies of leadership in S&T, with sections considering leadership in informal communities of scientists and engineers; leadership in government projects and research initiatives; leadership in industry research, development, and innovation; and finally, leadership in education and university-based research. By focusing on key topics within 100 brief chapters, this unprecedented reference resource offers students more detailed information and depth of discussion than typically found in an encyclopedia entry but not as much jargon, detail or density as in a journal article or a research handbook chapter. Entries are written in language and style that is broadly accessible, and each is followed by cross-references and a brief bibliography and further readings. A detailed index and an online version of the work enhances accessibility for today's student audience.

The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology Book
Author : Susan Cartwright,Cary L. Cooper
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0199234736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of Personnel Psychology is broadly concerned with the study of individual differences and their consequences for the organization. As human resource costs continue, for most organizations, to be the single largest operating cost (50-80% of annual expenditure), achieving optimal performance from individual employees is of paramount importance to the sustained development and financial performance of any organization. The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology brings together contributions from leading international scholars within the field to present state-of-the-art reviews on topical and emergent issues, constructs, and research in personnel psychology. The book is divided into six sections: - Individual Difference and Work Performance - Personnel Selection - Methodological Issues - Training and Development - Policies and Practices - Future Challenges While the Handbook is primarily a review of current academic thinking and research in the area, the contributors keep a strong focus on the lessons for HR practitioners, and what lessons they can take from the cutting-edge work presented. About the Series Oxford Handbooks in Business & Management bring together the world's leading scholars on the subject to discuss current research and the latest thinking in a range of interrelated topics including Strategy, Organizational Behavior, Public Management, International Business, and many others. Containing completely new essays with extensive referencing to further reading and key ideas, the volumes, in hardback or paperback, serve as both a thorough introduction to a topic and a useful desk reference for scholars and advanced students alike.

Handbook of Research on Maximizing Cognitive Learning through Knowledge Visualization

Handbook of Research on Maximizing Cognitive Learning through Knowledge Visualization Book
Author : Ursyn, Anna
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2015-02-28
ISBN : 1466681438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The representation of abstract data and ideas can be a difficult and tedious task to handle when learning new concepts; however, the advances of emerging technology have allowed for new methods of representing such conceptual data. The Handbook of Research on Maximizing Cognitive Learning through Knowledge Visualization focuses on the use of visualization technologies to assist in the process of better comprehending scientific concepts, data, and applications. Highlighting the utilization of visual power and the roles of sensory perceptions, computer graphics, animation, and digital storytelling, this book is an essential reference source for instructors, engineers, programmers, and software developers interested in the exchange of information through the visual depiction of data.