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The Inductive Brain In Development And Evolution

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The Inductive Brain in Development and Evolution

The Inductive Brain in Development and Evolution Book
Author : Nelson R. Cabej
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-02
ISBN : 0323851665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Inductive Brain in Development and Evolution provides readers with a substantial biological education on animal nervous systems and their role in the development, adaptation, homeostasis, and evolution of species. The book begins by delving into the embryonic development of the brain and then discusses epigenetic information and neural activity post-birth. It then analyzes the inductive brain’s neural and brain control of such factors like myogenesis, bone development, sensory organs, metamorphosis in vertebrates and invertebrates, and wing development in insects. The book closes with an examination of phenotypic evolution in neural control, mechanisms, and drivers of animal brains. The Inductive Brain in Development and Evolution will offer evolutionary biologists, specifically those researching development, adaptation, and evolution of animals, a comprehensive text that covers a variety of valuable topics. Presents the first book devoted to the inductive role of the brain in development, in adaptation, and in the evolution processes in animals Examines the central nervous system (CNS) from embryonic to adult life stages Provides detailed evidence to investigate the role of the CNS in molding animal morphology and life histories

Embryos Genes and Evolution

Embryos  Genes  and Evolution Book
Author : Rudolf A. Raff,Thomas C. Kaufman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780253206428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Embryos Genes and Evolution book written by Rudolf A. Raff,Thomas C. Kaufman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Order Increasing Evolution of Life

Order Increasing Evolution of Life Book
Author : Jiro Nakasato
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006-03-01
ISBN : 1413483631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chain of evolution of life has one corroded link, man or antiman. The process advances from the origin of life to man. At man and antiman the process reverses purely by the second law of thermodynamics, the law of entropy. There is a conspiracy to keep man evolving backward to extinction throughout the whole universe. Only once in a trillion, trillion years do the conspirators fail. This can occur on this earth. The correct theory of evolution of life will reverse man's dash into extinction. This hell will be transformed to a utopia. The goal of evolution will be achieved.

Keywords and Concepts in Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Keywords and Concepts in Evolutionary Developmental Biology Book
Author : Brian Keith Hall,Wendy M. Olson
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780674022409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering more than 50 central terms and concepts in entries written by leading experts, this book offers an overview of this new subdiscipline of biology, providing the core insights and ideas that show how embryonic development relates to life-history evolution, adaptation, and responses to and integration with environmental factors.

Evolution Today

Evolution Today Book
Author : Geoffrey G. E. Scudder,James L. Reveal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evolution Today book written by Geoffrey G. E. Scudder,James L. Reveal, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modularity in Development and Evolution

Modularity in Development and Evolution Book
Author : Gerhard Schlosser,Günter P. Wagner
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2004-07
ISBN : 9780226738550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modularity in Development and Evolution offers the first sustained exploration of modules from developmental and evolutionary perspectives. Contributors discuss what modularity is, how it can be identified and modeled, how it originated and evolved, and its biological significance. Covering modules at levels ranging from genes to colonies, the book focuses on their roles not just in structures but also in processes such as gene regulation. Among many exciting findings, the contributors demonstrate how modules can highlight key constraints on evolutionary processes. A timely synthesis of a crucial topic, Modularity in Development and Evolution shows the invaluable insights modules can give into both developmental complexities and their evolutionary origins.

The Shape of Thought

The Shape of Thought Book
Author : H. Clark Barrett
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2015-01-16
ISBN : 0190463600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Shape of Thought: How Mental Adaptations Evolve presents a road map for an evolutionary psychology of the twenty-first century. It brings together theory from biology and cognitive science to show how the brain can be composed of specialized adaptations, and yet also an organ of plasticity. Although mental adaptations have typically been seen as monolithic, hard-wired components frozen in the evolutionary past, The Shape of Thought presents a new view of mental adaptations as diverse and variable, with distinct functions and evolutionary histories that shape how they develop, what information they use, and what they do with that information. The book describes how advances in evolutionary developmental biology can be applied to the brain by focusing on the design of the developmental systems that build it. Crucially, developmental systems can be plastic, designed by the process of natural selection to build adaptive phenotypes using the rich information available in our social and physical environments. This approach bridges the long-standing divide between "nativist" approaches to development, based on innateness, and "empiricist" approaches, based on learning. It shows how a view of humans as a flexible, culturally-dependent species is compatible with a complexly specialized brain, and how the nature of our flexibility can be better understood by confronting the evolved design of the organ on which that flexibility depends.

The Neural Crest and Neural Crest Cells in Vertebrate Development and Evolution

The Neural Crest and Neural Crest Cells in Vertebrate Development and Evolution Book
Author : Brian K. Hall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-28
ISBN : 9780387098463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A presentation of all aspects of neural crest cell origins (embryological and evolutionary) development and evolution; neural crest cell behavior (migration) and anomalies (neurocristopathies and birth defects) that arise from defective neural crest development. The treatment of development will include discussions of cellular, molecular and genetic aspects of the differentiation and morphogenesis of neural crest cells and structures derived from neural crest cells. The origins of the neural crest in embryology will be discussed using the recent information on the molecular basis of the specification of the neural crest. Also presented are the advances in our understanding of the evolution of jaws from studies on lampreys and of the neural crest from studies on ascidians and amphioxus.

A Theory of Wonder Evolution Brain and the Radical Nature of Science

A Theory of Wonder  Evolution  Brain and the Radical Nature of Science Book
Author : Gonzalo Munévar
Publisher : Vernon Press
Release : 2021-09-07
ISBN : 1648892825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

‘A Theory of Wonder’ aims to determine the best way science can satisfy our sense of wonder by exploring the world. Empiricism tells us that science succeeds because it follows the scientific method: Observation passes judgment on Theory – supporting or rejecting it. Much credit is given to the inventor of the method, Galileo, but when historically-minded philosophers of science like Kuhn and Feyerabend called our attention to what Galileo actually wrote and did, we were shocked to find out that Galileo instead drives a dagger through the heart of empiricism; he strikes down the distinction between theory and observation. Plain facts, like the vertical fall of a stone, ruled out the motion of the Earth. To conclude that the stone really falls vertically, however, we must assume that the Earth does not move. If it does move, then the stone only “seems” to fall vertically. Galileo then replaced the “facts” against the motion of the Earth with “facts” that included such motion. This process is typical during scientific revolutions. A good strategy for science is to elaborate radical alternatives; then, and on their basis, reconsider what counts as evidence. Feyerabend was called irrational for this suggestion; but looking at the practice of science from the perspective of evolution and neuroscience shows that the suggestion is very reasonable instead, and, moreover, explains why science works best as a radical form of knowledge. It also leads to a sensible biological form of relative truth, with preliminary drafts leading to exciting discussions with other researchers in the philosophy of science. This book will be of particular interest to university students, instructors and researchers in history or philosophy of science, as well as those with a general interest in the nature of science.

Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Evolutionary Developmental Biology Book
Author : Brian K. Hall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 9401579261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many changes that occur during the embryonic development of an individual animal can be seen as a parallel to changes that have occurred in species or groups of species during evolutionary time. This book covers the interaction between developmental and evolutionary changes in animals.

Adaptive Function and Brain Evolution

Adaptive Function and Brain Evolution Book
Author : Agustín González,Fernando Martinez-Garcia,Luis Puelles,Hans J Ten Donkelaar
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2014-10-27
ISBN : 2889193063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The brain of each animal shows specific traits that reflect its phylogenetic history and its particular lifestyle. Therefore, comparing brains is not just a mere intellectual exercise, but it helps understanding how the brain allows adaptive behavioural strategies to face an ever-changing world and how this complex organ has evolved during phylogeny, giving rise to complex mental processes in humans and other animals. These questions attracted scientists since the times of Santiago Ramon y Cajal one of the founders of comparative neurobiology. In the last decade, this discipline has undergone a true revolution due to the analysis of expression patterns of morphogenetic genes in embryos of different animals. The papers of this e-book are good examples of modern comparative neurobiology, which mainly focuses on the following four Grand Questions: a) How are different brains built during ontogeny? b) What is the anatomical organization of mature brains and how can they be compared? c) How do brains work to accomplish their function of ensuring survival and, ultimately, reproductive success? d) How have brains evolved during phylogeny? The title of this e-book, Adaptive Function and Brain Evolution, stresses the importance of comparative studies to understand brain function and, the reverse, of considering brain function to properly understand brain evolution. These issues should be taken into account when using animals in the research of mental function and dysfunction, and are fundamental to understand the origins of the human mind.

The Divine Pedigree Of Man

The Divine Pedigree Of Man Book
Author : Thomas Jay Hudson
Publisher : Jazzybee Verlag
Release : 2012
ISBN : 384962336X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book treats, as its title would indicate, about the character of the human mind as independent of the body, and so traces "the divine pedigree of man." The author holds that there is a subjective and an objective mind. "Materialistic scientists have succeeded in demonstrating, that the objective mind is a function of the brain, and that it is inherent in the brain.' But it does not necessarily follow that the subjective mind is inherent in any one or more organs of the body; on the contrary, all the facis tend to prove that it exists independently of any specialized organ whatever. The objective mind cannot, of its own volition, move one purely involuntary muscle. On the other hand, the subjective mind can and often does take entire control of the whole body and wields it at its will. This is universal law in the supreme hour.

Brain Evolution by Design

Brain Evolution by Design Book
Author : Shuichi Shigeno,Yasunori Murakami,Tadashi Nomura
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-07
ISBN : 4431564691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a new, detailed examination that explains how elegant brains have been shaped in evolution. It consists of 19 chapters written by academic professionals in neuroscience, opening with the origin of single-celled creatures and then introducing primordial types in invertebrates with the great abundance of the brains of vertebrates. Important topics are provided in a timely manner, because novel techniques emerged rapidly—as seen, for examples, in the next-generation sequencers and omics approaches. With the explosion of big data, neural-related genes and molecules is now on the radar. In fact, Europe’s big science and technology projects, a €1 billion plan called the Human Brain Project and the Blue Brain Project to understand mammalian brain networks, have been launched in recent years. Furthermore, with the rise of recently advanced artificial intelligence, there is great enthusiasm for understanding the evolution of neural networks. The views from brain evolution in nature provide an essential opportunity to generate ideas for novel neuron- and brain-inspired computation. The ambition behind this book is that it will stimulate young scientists who seek a deeper understanding in order to find the basic principles shaping brains that provided higher cognitive functions in the course of evolution.

Development Growth and Evolution

Development  Growth and Evolution Book
Author : Paul O'Higgins,Martin J. Cohn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-04-19
ISBN : 9780125249652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume attempts to provide accessible accounts of these advances in developmental biology for the non-expert, together with contributions from hominid palaeontologists, which aim to bring this developmental perspective to bear on interpretation of the skeletal record of human evolution. This combined approach is, as yet, in its infancy but it is likely that it will impact significantly on palaeoanthropology and palaeontolgy in general.

Regenerative Medicine from Protocol to Patient

Regenerative Medicine   from Protocol to Patient Book
Author : Gustav Steinhoff
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-25
ISBN : 3319275836
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Regenerative medicine is the main field of groundbreaking medical development and therapy using knowledge from developmental and stem cell biology, as well as advanced molecular and cellular techniques. This collection of volumes on Regenerative Medicine: From Protocol to Patient, aims to explain the scientific knowledge and emerging technology, as well as the clinical application in different organ systems and diseases. International leading experts from all over the world describe the latest scientific and clinical knowledge of the field of regenerative medicine. The process of translating science of laboratory protocols into therapies is explained in sections on regulatory, ethical and industrial issues. This collection is organized into five volumes: (1) Biology of Tissue Regeneration, (2) Stem Cell Science and Technology, (3) Tissue Engineering, Biomaterials and Nanotechnology, (4) Regenerative Therapies I, and (5) Regenerative Therapies II. The textbook gives the student, the researcher, the health care professional, the physician and the patient a complete survey on the current scientific basis, therapeutical protocols, clinical translation and practiced therapies in regenerative medicine. Volume 1 contains eleven chapters addressing the latest basic science knowledge on the “Biology of Tissue Regeneration”. The principles of cell regeneration control by extracellular matrix and the biology of stem cell niches are explained. Depicted are the principles of molecular mechanisms controlling asymmetric cell division, stem cell differentiation, developmental and regenerative biology, epigenetic and genetic control as well as mathematical modelling for cell fate prediction. Regenerative biology of stem cells in the central nervous and cardiovascular systems leading to complex tissue regeneration in the model species axolotl and zebrafish, as well as the impact of immune signalling on nuclear reprogramming are outlined. These up to date accounts gives the readers advanced insights into the biological principles of the regenerative processes in stem cells, tissues and organisms.

Evolution and Development of Fishes

Evolution and Development of Fishes Book
Author : Zerina Johanson,Charlie Underwood,Martha Richter
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-01-10
ISBN : 1107179440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World-class palaeontologists and biologists summarise the state-of-the-art on fish evolution and development.

From Ecology to Brain Development Bridging Separate Evolutionary Paradigms

From Ecology to Brain Development  Bridging Separate Evolutionary Paradigms Book
Author : Francisco Aboitiz,Miguel L. Concha,Christian González-Billault,Jorge Mpodozis
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 2889455572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The nervous system is the product of biological evolution and is shaped by the interplay between extrinsic factors determining the ecology of animals, and by intrinsic processes that dictate the developmental rules that give rise to adult functional structures. This special topic is oriented to develop an integrative view from behavior and ecology to neurodevelopmental processes. We address questions such as how do sensory systems evolve according to ecological conditions? How do neural networks organize to generate adaptive behavior? How does cognition and brain connectivity evolve? What are the developmental mechanisms that give rise to functional adaptation? Accordingly, the book is divided in three sections, (i) Evolution of sensorimotor systems; (ii) Cognitive computations and neural circuits, and (iii) Development and brain evolution. We hope that this initiative will support an interdisciplinary program that addresses the nervous system as a unified organ, subject to both functional and developmental constraints, where the final outcome results of a compromise between different parameters rather than being the result of several single variables acting independently of each other.

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution

Epigenetic Principles of Evolution Book
Author : Nelson Çabej
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0124158315
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first and only book, so far, to deal with the causal basis of evolution from an epigenetic view. By revealing the epigenetic "user" of the "genetic toolkit", this book demonstrates the primacy of epigenetic mechanisms and epigenetic information in generating evolutionary novelties. The author convincingly supports his theory with a host of examples from the most varied fields of biology, by emphasizing changes in developmental pathways as the basic source of evolutionary change in metazoans. Original and thought provoking--a radically new theory that overcomes the present difficulties of the theory of evolution Is the first and only theory that uses epigenetic mechanisms and principles for explaining evolution of metazoans Takes an integrative approach and shows a wide range of learning

The Neural Crest in Development and Evolution

The Neural Crest in Development and Evolution Book
Author : Brian K. Hall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 1475730640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A discussion of the neural crest and neural crest cells, dealing with their discovery, their embryological and evolutionary origins, their cellular derivatives - in both agnathan and jawed vertebrates or gnathostomes - and the broad topics of migration and differentiation in normal development. The book also considers what goes wrong when development is misdirected by mutations, or by exposure of embryos to exogenous agents such as drugs, alcohol, or excess vitamin A, and includes discussions of tumours and syndromes and birth defects involving neural crest cells.

Studies of Normal and Abnormal Development of the Nervous System

Studies of Normal and Abnormal Development of the Nervous System Book
Author : W. Lierse,Felix Beck
Publisher : S Karger Ag
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Studies of Normal and Abnormal Development of the Nervous System book written by W. Lierse,Felix Beck, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.