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The Human Past

The Human Past Book
Author : Christopher Scarre
Publisher : Thames & Hudson
Release : 2013-01-01
ISBN : 9780500290644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Human Past has established itself as the most thorough and authoritative introductory survey of human prehistory and the development of civilizations around the globe, adopted by colleges and universities worldwide. With a clear and logical framework, and written by an international team of 24 acknowledged experts, this unique textbook provides a comprehensive overview of world prehistory through a series of chapters focusing on individual regions and time periods that presents the vast panorama of human social, cultural and economic development over the past three million years. This new edition has been completely revised and updated, with more colour illustrations, to take account of new discoveries and developments, including what the analysis of ancient DNA tells us about our evolution; the latest theories about the domestication of key plants and animals, including rice and maize; and new thinking on the earliest Paleoindian hunting strategies.

Archaeology

Archaeology Book
Author : Mark Q Sutton
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-07-17
ISBN : 131735009X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Illuminating the world of archaeology. Archaeology conveys the excitement of archaeological discovery and explains how archaeologists think as they scientifically find, analyze, and interpret evidence. The main objective of this text is to provide an introduction to the broad and fascinating world of archaeology from the scientific perspective. Discussions on the theoretical aspects of archaeology, as well as the practical applications of what is learned about the past, have been updated and expanded upon in this fourth edition. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Discuss the theoretical aspects of archaeology. Apply what has been learned about the past. Identify the various perspectives archaeologists have.

Interrogating Human Origins

Interrogating Human Origins Book
Author : Martin Porr,Jacqueline Matthews
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-12-06
ISBN : 1000761932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interrogating Human Origins encourages new critical engagements with the study of human origins, broadening the range of approaches to bring in postcolonial theories, and begin to explore the decolonisation of this complex topic. The collection of chapters presented in this volume creates spaces for expansion of critical and unexpected conversations about human origins research. Authors from a variety of disciplines and research backgrounds, many of whom have strayed beyond their usual disciplinary boundaries to offer their unique perspectives, all circle around the big questions of what it means to be and become human. Embracing and encouraging diversity is a recognition of the deep complexities of human existence in the past and the present, and it is vital to critical scholarship on this topic. This book constitutes a starting point for increased interrogation of the important and wide-ranging field of research into human origins. It will be of interest to scholars across multiple disciplines, and particularly to those seeking to understand our ancient past through a more diverse lens.

Who We Are and How We Got Here

Who We Are and How We Got Here Book
Author : David Reich
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-03-27
ISBN : 0198821255
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

David Reich describes how the revolution in the ability to sequence ancient DNA has changed our understanding of the deep human past. This book tells the emerging story of our often surprising ancestry - the extraordinary ancient migrations and mixtures of populations that have made us who we are.

The Story of Food in the Human Past

The Story of Food in the Human Past Book
Author : Robyn E. Cutright
Publisher : Archaeology of Food
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0817359850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction : food for thought -- Part I. How did food shape us as humans? : food in human evolution -- Hunters and scavengers : the true "caveman" diet -- Little house on the savanna : fire, grandmothers, and homo erectus -- Big game and small houses in the upper Paleolithic -- Part II. What role did food play in past human societies? : the prehistory of food -- Domesticating humans : the origins of the agricultural lifestyle -- "Drinking beer in a blissful mood" : feasts and fancy meals in the past -- The taste of power : cuisine, class, and conquest -- Foods of the gods and sacred meals -- Daily bread : everyday meals, gender, and identity in the past - Conclusion : we are what we ate.

Empathy and the Historical Understanding of the Human Past

Empathy and the Historical Understanding of the Human Past Book
Author : Thomas A. Kohut
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-04-20
ISBN : 100004498X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Empathy and the Historical Understanding of the Human Past is a comprehensive consideration of the role of empathy in historical knowledge, informed by the literature on empathy in fields including history, psychoanalysis, psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and sociology. The book seeks to raise the consciousness of historians about empathy, by introducing them to the history of the concept and to its status in fields outside of history. It also seeks to raise the self-consciousness of historians about their use of empathy to know and understand past people. Defining empathy as thinking and feeling, as imagining, one’s way inside the experience of others in order to know and understand them, Thomas A. Kohut distinguishes between the external and the empathic observational position, the position of the historical subject. He argues that historians need to be aware of their observational position, of when they are empathizing and when they are not. Indeed, Kohut advocates for the deliberate, self-reflective use of empathy as a legitimate and important mode of historical inquiry. Insightful, cogent, and interdisciplinary, the book will be essential for historians, students of history, and psychoanalysts, as well as those in other fields who seek to seek to know and understand human beings.

World Prehistory

World Prehistory Book
Author : Peter N. Peregrine
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780130281722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World Prehistory provides a complete overview of world prehistory, human origins and the spread of humans across the globe. Written in a conversational style, the volume provides comprehensive coverage of regional archaeological sequences, a focused examination of food production, social complexity, and the spread of civilization. The volume addresses the study of world prehistory, the archaeological record, process of archaeological research, the dawn of humanity, the first humans and the origins of culture, the emergence of modern humans, the upper Paleolithic world, regional diversification, the evolution of food production, the rise of civilization and trends in world prehistory. For those interested in prehistoric humans and their culture.

Humanity 2 0

Humanity 2 0 Book
Author : S. Fuller
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-10-06
ISBN : 0230316727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social thinkers in all fields are faced with one unavoidable question: What does it mean to be human in the 21st century? This ambitious and groundbreaking book provides the first synthesis of historical, philosophical and sociological insights needed to address this question in a thoughtful and creative manner.

Archaeology

Archaeology Book
Author : Paul Bahn
Publisher : Smithsonian Institution
Release : 2017-11-07
ISBN : 1588345912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epic in scope, yet filled with detail, this illustrated guide takes readers through the whole of our human past. Spanning the dawn of human civilization through the present, it provides a tour of every site of key archaeological importance. From the prehistoric cave paintings of Lascaux to Tutankhamun's tomb, from the buried city of Pompeii to China's Terracotta Army, all of the world's most iconic sites and discoveries are here. So too are the lesser-known yet equally important finds, such as the recent discoveries of our oldest known human ancestors and of the world's oldest-known temple, Göbekli Tepe in Turkey. A masterful combination of succinct analysis and driving narrative, this book also addresses the questions that inevitably arise as we gradually learn more about the history of our species. Written by an international team of archaeological experts and richly illustrated throughout, Archaeology: The Essential Guide to Our Human Past offers an unparalleled insight into the origins of humankind.

Archaeologists

Archaeologists Book
Author : Brian Fagan
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2003-04-10
ISBN : 0198028075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Including eccentric professors and adventuring fortune hunters of old and highly trained scientists of today, Archaeologists collects together biographies of more than 30 archaeologists of the past two centuries. In the process, Archaeologists presents an engaging portrait of how digging for treasure evolved into the respected and vital science we know today. Some of the archaeologists profiled include: * Giovanni Belzoni, the 19th-century archaeologist who brought the head of Ramesses II back to England * Heinrich Schliemann, the modern discoverer of prehistoric Greece whose excavations included Mycenae and the ancient city of Troy * Howard Carter, who discovered King Tut's tomb * Mary and Louis Leakey, whose discovery of humanoid fossils placed human evolution's beginning in Africa From the romance of golden pharaohs and lost civilizations to computers, tree ring dating, and numerous other scientific methods, Archaeologists is a fascinating look at the explorers of the human past.

Incredible Archaeology

Incredible Archaeology Book
Author : Paul Bahn
Publisher : Smithsonian Institution
Release : 2020-11-03
ISBN : 1588346927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover the world's best and most beautiful archaeological sites Incredible Archaeology offers a journey through the best archaeological sites the world has to offer. With stunning photography, it serves as both a dazzling spectacle and travel inspiration, making it perfect for armchair travelers and world adventurers alike! Archaeological sites tell a story spanning thousands of years, and the ones in this book range from the well-known to hidden gems, handpicked for their desirability as destinations. Explore the cliff dwellings at Mesa Verde (the largest archaeological preserve in the United States), the Abu Simbel twin temples in Egypt that commemorate Pharaoh Ramesses II and his queen Nefertari, the Terracotta Army in China, the Nazca Lines in Peru that feature large geoglyphs in the desert soil, and the hill fort known as Maiden Castle in England. These are just a sampling of the top-notch sites you'll find in this book. Incredible Archaeology takes a striking tour through human history, so come along!

Palaeoepidemiology

Palaeoepidemiology Book
Author : TONY. WALDRON
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 9780367605711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do we identify and measure human disease in the past? In the absence of soft tissue, paleoepidemiologists have developed ingenious ways of assessing illness and mortality in archaeological populations. In this volume, the key methods of epidemiology are outlined for non-specialists, showing the importance of studying prevalence over incidence, adjustments needed in studying past groups, how to compare studies, and the dangers of assessing occupation based upon bone evidence. A model for planning a proper paleoepidemiological study concludes the volume. Both as an introduction to epidemiology for archaeologists, and as a primer on archaeological analysis for epidemiologists, this book should serve the needs of both populations.

Ways of Understanding the Human Past

Ways of Understanding the Human Past Book
Author : Debi Prasad Chattopadhyaya
Publisher : Munshirm Manoharlal Pub Pvt Limited
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It Is Widely Acknowledged That An Idea Expressed In One Language, If Translated Into Another, Its Meaning And Its Associated Understanding Undergo Change. The English Word History Is Ordinarily Translated As Itihasa In The Sanskrit-Rooted Indian Languages. In The Euro-Americal Tradition History Is Traced To The Greek Word Historia, Learnt. Words Like Narrative, Story And Account Are Closely Linked To History. Itihasa Literally Means What Indeed Happened. Its Cognates In Indian Languages Are Itivrtta, Upakhyana, Gatha And Purana. That These Words Are Closely Related To Narrative, Story And Past Events Are Obvious. Chattopadhyaya Has Tried To Argue In This Book That The Modern Scientific Concept Of History, Though Has Its Undeniable Importance, Should Not Be Understood In A Dehistorised Manner. The Modern Concept Of History Should Not Be Confused With The Ancient Or Even The Medieval Concepts Like Purana, Puravrtta, Itihasa And Upakhyana. Our Modes Of Under-Standing And Action Should Not Be Telescoped Into Theirs. This Distinction Squarely Rests On The Difference Between Age-Specific Social Conditions And Their Influence On Human Ideas, Ideals, Languages, Rather Modes Of Speech, And Actions. An Attempt Has Been Made To Show How Literature In Its Wider Sense, Comprising Epoch-Bound Beliefs, Myths, Customs, Conventions, Social Movements And Other Forms Of Culture Enter Into Historical Narrative. In The Name Of Contemporanity Of History Its Very Temporality Or Time-Bound Character Can Hardly Be Denied. Chattopadhyaya Argues That History Embodies A Sort Of Inter-Epochal Dialogue (Samtap) Which, Like Different Forms Of Science And Arts, Are Endlessly Updatable. The Work Will Be Of Interest To Historians, Philosophers Of History, Social Scientists And Indologists.

Mixed Harvest

Mixed Harvest Book
Author : Rob Swigart
Publisher : Berghahn Books
Release : 2019-12-01
ISBN : 178920612X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In unforgettable stories of the human journey, a combination of storytelling and dialog underscore an excavation into the deep past of human development and its consequences. Through a first encounter between a Neanderthal woman and the Modern Human she called Traveler, to the emergence and destruction of the world’s first cities, Mixed Harvest tells the tale of the Sedentary Divide, the most significant event since modern humans emerged. Rob Swigart’s latest work humanizes the rapid transition to agriculture and pastoralism with a grounding in the archaeological record.

World History

World History Book
Author : Candice Goucher,Linda Walton
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-03-12
ISBN : 1135088284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World History: Journeys from Past to Present uses common themes to present an integrated and comprehensive survey of human history from its origins to the present day. By weaving together thematic and regional perspectives in coherent chronological narratives, Goucher and Walton transform the overwhelming sweep of the human past into a truly global story that is relevant to the contemporary issues of our time. Revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this innovative textbook combines clear chronological progression with thematically focused chapters divided into six parts as follows: PART 1. EMERGENCE (Human origins to 500 CE) PART 2. ORDER (1 CE-1500 CE) PART 3. CONNECTIONS (500-1600 CE) PART 4. BRIDGING WORLDS (1300-1800 CE) PART 5. TRANSFORMING LIVES (1500-1900) PART 6. FORGING A GLOBAL COMMUNITY (1800- Present) The expanded new edition features an impressive full-color design with a host of illustrations, maps and primary source excerpts integrated throughout. Chapter opening timelines supply context for the material ahead, while end of chapter questions and annotated additional resources provide students with the tools for independent study. Each chapter and part boasts introductory and summary essays that guide the reader in comprehending the relevant theme. In addition, the companion website offers a range of resources including an interactive historical timeline, an indispensable study skills section for students, tips for teaching and learning thematically, and PowerPoint slides, lecture material and discussion questions in a password protected area for instructors. This textbook provides a basic introduction for all students of World History, incorporating thematic perspectives that encourage critical thinking, link to globally relevant contemporary issues, and stimulate further study.

The Archaeology of Human Environment Interactions

The Archaeology of Human Environment Interactions Book
Author : Daniel Contreras
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2016-08-25
ISBN : 1317450620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The impacts of climate change on human societies, and the roles those societies themselves play in altering their environments, appear in headlines more and more as concern over modern global climate change intensifies. Increasingly, archaeologists and paleoenvironmental scientists are looking to evidence from the human past to shed light on the processes which link environmental and cultural change. Establishing clear contemporaneity and correlation, and then moving beyond correlation to causation, remains as much a theoretical task as a methodological one. This book addresses this challenge by exploring new approaches to human-environment dynamics and confronting the key task of constructing arguments that can link the two in concrete and detailed ways. The contributors include researchers working in a wide variety of regions and time periods, including Mesoamerica, Mongolia, East Africa, the Amazon Basin, and the Island Pacific, among others. Using methodological vignettes from their own research, the contributors explore diverse approaches to human-environment dynamics, illustrating the manifold nature of the subject and suggesting a wide variety of strategies for approaching it. This book will be of interest to researchers and scholars in Archaeology, Paleoenvironmental Science, Ecology, and Geology.

The Dawn of Everything

The Dawn of Everything Book
Author : David Graeber,David Wengrow
Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Release : 2021-11-09
ISBN : 0374721106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER A dramatically new understanding of human history, challenging our most fundamental assumptions about social evolution—from the development of agriculture and cities to the origins of the state, democracy, and inequality—and revealing new possibilities for human emancipation. For generations, our remote ancestors have been cast as primitive and childlike—either free and equal innocents, or thuggish and warlike. Civilization, we are told, could be achieved only by sacrificing those original freedoms or, alternatively, by taming our baser instincts. David Graeber and David Wengrow show how such theories first emerged in the eighteenth century as a conservative reaction to powerful critiques of European society posed by Indigenous observers and intellectuals. Revisiting this encounter has startling implications for how we make sense of human history today, including the origins of farming, property, cities, democracy, slavery, and civilization itself. Drawing on pathbreaking research in archaeology and anthropology, the authors show how history becomes a far more interesting place once we learn to throw off our conceptual shackles and perceive what’s really there. If humans did not spend 95 percent of their evolutionary past in tiny bands of hunter-gatherers, what were they doing all that time? If agriculture, and cities, did not mean a plunge into hierarchy and domination, then what kinds of social and economic organization did they lead to? The answers are often unexpected, and suggest that the course of human history may be less set in stone, and more full of playful, hopeful possibilities, than we tend to assume. The Dawn of Everything fundamentally transforms our understanding of the human past and offers a path toward imagining new forms of freedom, new ways of organizing society. This is a monumental book of formidable intellectual range, animated by curiosity, moral vision, and a faith in the power of direct action. Includes Black-and-White Illustrations

Past Human Migrations in East Asia

Past Human Migrations in East Asia Book
Author : Alicia Sanchez-Mazas,Roger Blench,Malcolm D. Ross,Ilia Peiros,Marie Lin
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-07-25
ISBN : 113414962X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of the prehistory of East Asia is developing very rapidly. In uncovering the story of the flows of human migration that constituted the peopling of East Asia there exists widespread debate about the nature of evidence and the tools for correlating results from different disciplines. Drawing upon the latest evidence in genetics, linguistics and archaeology, this exciting new book examines the history of the peopling of East Asia, and investigates the ways in which we can detect migration, and its different markers in these fields of inquiry. Results from different academic disciplines are compared and reinterpreted in the light of evidence from others to attempt to try and generate consensus on methodology. Taking a broad geographical focus, the book also draws attention to the roles of minority peoples – hitherto underplayed in accounts of the region’s prehistory – such as the Austronesian, Tai-Kadai and Altaic speakers, whose contribution to the regional culture is now becoming accepted. Past Human Migrations in East Asia presents a full picture of the latest research on the peopling of East Asia, and will be of interest to scholars of all disciplines working on the reconstruction of the peopling of East and North East Asia.

Reflections Of Our Past

Reflections Of Our Past Book
Author : John H Relethford
Publisher : Hachette UK
Release : 2008-11-05
ISBN : 0786741791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Where did modern humans come from and how important are the biological differences among us? Are we descended from Neanderthals? How many races of people are there? Were Native Americans the first settlers of the New World? How can we tell if Thomas Jefferson had a child with Sally Hemings? Through an engaging examination of issues such as these, and using non-technical language, Reflections of Our Past shows how anthropologists use genetic information to test theories and define possible answers to fundamental questions in human history. By looking at genetic variation in the world today, we can reconstruct the recent and remote events and processes that created the variation we see, providing a fascinating reflection of our genetic past. Reflections of Our Pastis a W. W. Howells Book Prize Winner and Choice Outstanding Academic Title.

The Past Can t Heal Us

The Past Can t Heal Us Book
Author : Lea David
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-07-31
ISBN : 1108495184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lea David exposes the dangers and pitfalls of mandating memory in the name of human rights in conflict and post-conflict settings.