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The Health Of Populations

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Why are Some People Healthy and Others Not

Why are Some People Healthy and Others Not  Book
Author : Robert G. Evans,Morris L. Barer,Theodore R. Marmor
Publisher : Transaction Publishers
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780202304908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Each topical chapter in this volume crystallizes the findings of a five-year study, under the auspices of the Population Health Program of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, that probed the links between social hierarchy, the “macroenvironmental” factors in illness patterns, the quality of the “microenvironmental,” and other determinants of health. In its aggregate, this volume will prove essential to an understanding of the underlying public health issues for the next several decades.

Community Public Health Nursing E Book

Community Public Health Nursing   E Book Book
Author : Mary A. Nies,Melanie McEwen
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2018-08-31
ISBN : 0323544010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Give your students a complete guide to community health nursing! Community/Public Health Nursing, 7th Edition provides a unique, upstream preventive focus and a strong social justice approach, all in a concise, easy-to-read text. Covering the nurses’ role in promoting community health, it shows how students can take an active role in social action and health policy – emphasizing society’s responsibility to protect all human life and ensuring that diverse and vulnerable populations have their basic health needs met. Clinical examples and photo novellas show how nursing concepts apply to the real world. Written by community health nursing experts Mary A. Nies and Melanie McEwen, this book describes the issues and responsibilities of today’s community and public health nurse. UNIQUE! A ‘social justice’ approach promotes health for all people, including vulnerable populations. UNIQUE! ‘Upstream’ preventive focus addresses factors that are the precursors to poor health in the community, addressing potential health problems before they occur. Case Studies present the theory, concepts, and application of the nursing process in practical and manageable examples. UNIQUE! Photo novellas use photographs to tell stories showing real-life clinical scenarios and applications of important community health nursing roles. Application of the nursing process at the individual, family, and aggregate levels highlights the community perspective in all health situations Clinical examples offer snippets of real-life client situations. Theoretical frameworks common to nursing and public health aid in the application of familiar and new theory bases to problems and challenges in the community. Healthy People 2020 boxes include the most current national health care objectives. Research Highlights boxes show the application of research studies to the practice of community nursing. Ethical Insights boxes highlight ethical issues and concerns that the community/public health nurse may encounter. Objectives, key terms, and chapter outlines at the beginning of every chapter introduce important concepts and terminology. NEW AND UNIQUE! A Veterans Health chapter presents situations and considerations unique to the care of veterans. NEW! Genetics in Public Health boxes reflect increasing scientific evidence supporting the health benefits of using genetic tests and family health history to guide public health interventions. NEW! Active Learning boxes test your knowledge of the content you’ve just read, helping provide clinical application and knowledge retention.

The Health of Populations

The Health of Populations Book
Author : Jack James
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-11-02
ISBN : 0128028130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Health of Populations: Beyond Medicine uses current research and in-depth analysis to provide insights into the issues and challenges of population health; a subject of increasing concern, due largely to rapid population growth, population aging, rising costs and diminishing resources, health inequality, and the global rise in noncommunicable diseases. Reducing the global burden of disease requires prevention of disease incidence, which is achievable through reduction of exposure to primary (behavioral) and secondary (biomedical) risk factors. The 15 chapters of the book are divided into three sections that focus on the science of health, the harm of medicine, and how to achieve optimal health. By highlighting the benefits of preventing incidence of disease, this book illustrates how biomedicine needs to be repositioned form being the dominant approach in healthcare to being an adjunct to behavioral, legislative, social, and other preventive means for optimizing population health. Heavily evidence-based and thoroughly referenced with hundreds of scientific citations Contains a glossary, as well as valuable tables, illustrations, and information boxes to further explain core content Provides fresh perspectives on issues related to rapid population growth, population aging, rising costs, diminishing resources, health inequality, and more Carefully distils extensive tracts of information, clarifies misunderstandings, and rebuts myths with the ultimate goal of encouraging better understanding of the action needed to promote optimal health for all

The Health of Populations

The Health of Populations Book
Author : Stephen J. Kunitz
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0195308077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the maelstrom of current public health debate over the social determinants of health, this book offers a well-balanced discussion on the roots of prevalent strains of thought on the matter. While this area of research deals in complex problems, it is often dominated by those who deploy rather categorical, partisan positions, citing from a wide range of contradictory statistical studies. Stephen Kunitz brings a measured, balanced and independent perspective to bear on the debate, taking a step back from current arguments to look at the fundamental issues through a socio-historical lens. Part I describes how ideas about the costs and benefits of industrialization, and about the causes of disease, have been used by writers from different ideological persuasions to explain the health of populations. Part II focuses on some of the ideas that have been particularly influential in contemporary debates: factors such as standard of living, community and its loss, inequality, and globalization. The fact that these have been used to support differing explanations of the determinants of population health suggests that there are no easy generalizations in a field with so many discrepant findings. Scientists often ignore anomalous findings in the interests of advancing a particular paradigm, until the anomalies outweigh the norm and a new paradigm is created. This book argues that in considering social determinants of health, no meaningful over-arching explanations may be possible. Rather, it is by immersion in the reality of particular contexts - work settings, historical periods, geopolitical regions, and governmental credos - that we may gain a better understanding of the way in which social forces shape patterns of health and disease.

Monitoring the Health of Populations

Monitoring the Health of Populations Book
Author : Ron Brookmeyer,Donna F. Stroup
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0195146492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text explores the critical issues in the statistical analysis and interpretation of public health surveillance data. It covers statistical methods for detecting disease outbreaks and clusters, the use of survey methods and interpreting time trends and geographic patterns, among other topics.

Community public Health Nursing

Community public Health Nursing Book
Author : Mary Albrecht Nies,Melanie McEwen
Publisher : Saunders
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781437708608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edition contains a new chapter on disaster management and preparedness that examines this new area of concern. It contains case studies that emphasise community aspects of all steps of the nursing process to promote the community perspective in all health situations.

Community Health Nursing

Community Health Nursing Book
Author : Mary Albrecht Nies,Melanie McEwen
Publisher : W B Saunders Company
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the unique upstream thinking approach that emphasizes health promotion efforts to address the precursors of poor health, this edition focuses on the issues, responsibilities, and roles important for providing contemporary community health nursing care. Detailed case studies provide a community component for each step of the nursing process, and several new chapters have been added, including the economics of health care, care of the disabled population, and care for clients in prison and parish settings. The complete Instructor's Electronic Resource is available on CD-ROM and includes PowerPoint slides. Presents the upstream thinking approach that focuses on factors that are the precursors to poor health, with interventions that emphasize community health promotion and prevention of health problems Provides detailed case studies that emphasise community aspects of all steps of the nursing process to promote the community perspective in all health situations Includes chapter objectives at the beginning of each chapter to emphasise key concepts the student should learn from the chapter Provides learning activities at the end of each chapter to challenge students to apply chapter material outside the classroom Features a new chapter (4) on epidemiology that discusses the distribution and determinants of health events in populations and addresses an important perspective for population-focused nursing care Presents a new chapter (10) on economic matters relating to health care delivery to address matters that significantly influence decisions in a managed care environment Provides new chapters on care for clients who are disabled (19) and those who are in prison (28)nd parish settings (29) to offer content on caring for clients who have special needs and concerns Addresses the role of nurse case manager in a new chapter (8) on case management that discusses his relatively new role in contemporary community health

Population Health Science

Population Health Science Book
Author : Katherine M. Keyes,Sandro Galea,Robert a Knox Professor and Dean Sandro Galea, MD
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-08-04
ISBN : 0190459379
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

POPULATION HEALTH SCIENCE formalizes an emerging discipline at the crossroads of social and medical sciences, demography, and economics--an emerging approach to population studies that represents a seismic shift in how traditional health sciences measure and observe health events. Bringing together theories and methods from diverse fields, this text provides grounding in the factors that shape population health. The overall approach is one of consequentialist science: designing creative studies that identify causal factors in health with multidisciplinary rigor. Distilled into nine foundational principles, this book guides readers through population science studies that strategically incorporate: . macrosocial factors . multilevel, lifecourse, and systems theories . prevention science fundamentals . return on investment . equity and efficiency Harnessing the power of scientific inquiry and codifying the knowledge base for a burgeoning field, POPULATION HEALTH SCIENCE arms readers with tools to shift the curve of population health. "

Population Health

Population Health Book
Author : Rosemary M. Caron
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781567938616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Instructor Resources: Test bank; presentation PowerPoint slides, answer guides to discussion questions, exercises, and assignments, and resource lists. The field of population health examines a diverse range of environmental, physical, and cultural conditions that occur within populations; considers the health outcomes influenced by these conditions; and seeks the development of policies and interventions to improve health and minimize health inequities in an efficient and affordable manner. Population Health: Principles and Applications for Management provides the building blocks for taking a population health approach, which represents a new way of promoting health, preventing disease, and navigating public health and healthcare challenges in an ever-changing environment. The book explains the key principles, skills, and applications of public health; describes how a healthcare administrator can use epidemiology, the basic science of public health, to understand and address the needs of communities; and then synthesizes this information to provide an introduction to population health management. Key topics include the following: The core functions of public health Public health system organization Descriptive and analytic epidemiology Health determinants and their impacts Methods for assessing the health of a community Applications of managerial epidemiology Elements of a data-driven approach to population health Bolstered by a variety of case studies and exercises, this book provides students with a conceptual framework that can be further developed and expanded through subsequent experiences in the workplace. Although the specific public health and healthcare issues facing communities will inevitably change over time, this framework will remain essential to efforts to improve the health of populations.

Population Health

Population Health Book
Author : T. Kue Young
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0195158547
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Population health encompasses traditional public health and preventive medicine but emphasises the full range of health determinants affecting the entire population rather than only ill or high-risk individuals. The population health approach integrates the social and biological, the quantitative and qualitative, recognising the importance of social and cultural factors in practice and research.Incorporates many new topics that reflect changes in contemporary public health concerns and our response to them; as well as shifts in research directionsNew or expanded discussions of confidence intervals for commonly used rates, the impact of population aging on mortality trends, health survey questionnaires, summary measures of population health, the new International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, migrant studies, race and ethnicity, psychoneuroendocrine pathways, social epidemiology, risk perception, communicating the SARS epidemic, ecologic studies, the odds radio, paticipatory research, suicide, evidence-based community interventions, evaluation methods and health economics, the Cochrane Collaboration, and systemic reviewsContents:Introduction Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (I) Measuring Health and Disease in Populations (II) Modeling Determinants of Population Health Assessing Health Risks in Populations Designing Population Health Studies Planning Population Health Interventions Evaluation of Health Programs for Populations Improving Health of PopulationsIndex

Community Public Health Nursing

Community Public Health Nursing Book
Author : Mary A. Nies,Melanie McEwen,Penny Leake
Publisher : Saunders
Release : 2008-08-01
ISBN : 9781416042044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Note: This synopsis may refer to a different edition of this book.

Public Health 101

Public Health 101 Book
Author : Richard K. Riegelman
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9780763760441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Public Health 101 provides a big-picture, population perspective on the determinants of health and disease and the tools available to protect and promote health. It examines the full range of options for intervention including use of the health care system, the public health system, and society-wide interventions such as laws and taxation.Students will learn how public health affects them in their everyday lives. Using case studies, vignettes, and extensive examples, they will learn and apply frameworks for thinking about the issues of public health. They will gain a deeper understanding about the health news they hear, the web sites they visit, and the research they read.

Community Public Health Nursing Practice E Book

Community Public Health Nursing Practice   E Book Book
Author : Frances A. Maurer,Claudia M. Smith
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2014-04-04
ISBN : 0323293743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on practical, need-to-know information, Community/Public Health Nursing Practice helps you learn how to apply the nursing process at the community and family level. It features an engaging, easy-to-understand writing style, as well as assessment tools, detailed case studies, and clinical examples that demonstrate how key concepts apply to real-world practice. Additional resources on the companion Evolve website expand and enhance content within the text. Practical features including Case Studies, Ethics in Practice, and The Nursing Process in Practice illustrate real-world applications of key community/public health nursing concepts. A complete unit on the community as client helps you understand how the assessment, diagnosis, planning, intervention, and evaluation steps of the nursing process apply to the community, as opposed to an individual. A chapter devoted to community assessment provides a complete assessment tool and shows you how the tool applies to two different types of communities. UNIQUE! A chapter on screening and referral promotes population-focused practice, which is the crux of community/public health nursing. A separate unit on the family emphasizes the importance of viewing the family as a singular client. A complete discussion of the Minnesota Wheel helps you better understand this widely-accepted framework for community/public health nursing practice. Helpful sections such as Focus Questions, Chapter Outlines, Key Ideas, and Learning by Experience and Reflection help you pinpoint essential information. NEW! Healthy People 2020 objectives throughout the text help you identify common health risk factors in populations and families. NEW! Coverage of health care reform, including the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (PPACA), explores how current health care legislation impacts community/public health nursing. NEW! Discussions of community health "hot button" issues, such as human trafficking, genital circumcision, and bullying, introduce you to today's health care challenges. NEW! Information on weather-related disaster fatalities, bioterrorism, and national and state planning responses familiarize you with current, relevant issues which affect the health of populations worldwide and shape the role of the community/public health nurse.

Summary Measures of Population Health

Summary Measures of Population Health Book
Author : Organisation mondiale de la santé,World Health Organization,A. D. Lopez
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9789241545518
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As life expectancy rates continue to increase in many countries around the world, comparative health assessments based on mortality rates alone give an increasingly inadequate picture of public health. This publication addresses a wide range of key issues regarding the measurement of population health using comprehensive indices which combine data on mortality and ill-health. It considers the various uses of such summary measures, as well as an appropriate measurement framework and specific ethical and social value choices involved. The contributors to this book include leading experts in epidemiological methods, ethics, health economics, health status measurement and the valuation of health states.

Monitoring the Health of Populations by Tracking Disease Outbreaks

Monitoring the Health of Populations by Tracking Disease Outbreaks Book
Author : Steven E Rigdon,Ronald D. Fricker, Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-14
ISBN : 1351725017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today the citizens of developed counties have never experienced a large-scale disease outbreak. One reason is the success of the public health community, including epidemiologists and biostatisticians, in tracking and identifying disease outbreaks. Monitoring the Health of Populations by Tracking Disease Outbreaks: Saving Humanity from the Next Plague is the story of the application of statistics for disease detection and tracking. The work of public health officials often critically depends on the use of statistical methods to help discern whether an outbreak may be occurring and, if there is sufficient evidence of an outbreak, then to locate and track it. Statisticians also help design surveys and experiments to collect critical information, and they analyze the resulting data to help investigators zero in on a cause for a disease. Features: · Discusses the crucial roles of statistics in early disease detection. · Outlines the concepts and methods of disease surveillance. · Covers surveillance techniques for communicable diseases like Zika and chronic diseases such as cancer. · Gives real world examples of disease investigations including smallpox, syphilis, anthrax, yellow fever, and microcephaly (and its relationship to the Zika virus). This book tells the story of how medical and public health professionals use statistics to separate critical disease information from all the noise of our modern world so that they can most effectively intervene and mitigate the effects of disease. Through the process of identifying an outbreak, finding its cause, and developing a plan to prevent its reoccurrence, statisticians and epidemiologists help improve public health across the world.

Healthcare Infrastructure

Healthcare Infrastructure Book
Author : Bruce R. Schatz,Richard B. Berlin Jr.
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-23
ISBN : 9780857294524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first systematic survey of Healthcare Infrastructure, this book describes the inevitable future of health systems. It gives a concrete plan for improved quality at diminished cost, via merger of personal medicine and public health. It discusses general aspects of infrastructure engineering and specific aspects of healthcare systems. It discusses current and future technologies for health measurement and management. This book outlines how the health of populations will be measured at the level of individuals, combining engineering and medicine to support viable health systems for the first time. This book is unique, in combining a systematic survey of health determinants with a research monograph on health technologies. Readers will gain a broad context and a deep knowledge of future information technology applied to health systems.

Population Health Behavioral and Social Science Insights

Population Health  Behavioral and Social Science Insights Book
Author : Robert M. Kaplan,Michael L. Spittel,Daryn H. David
Publisher : Government Printing Office
Release : 2015-07-24
ISBN : 1587634457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this book is to gain a better understanding of the multitude of factors that determine longer life and improved quality of life in the years a person is alive. While the emphasis is primarily on the social and behavioral determinants that have an effect on the health and well-being of individuals, this publication also addresses quality of life factors and determinants more broadly. Each chapter in this book considers an area of investigation and ends with suggestions for future research and implications of current research for policy and practice. The introductory chapter summarizes the state of Americans’ health and well-being in comparison to our international peers and presents background information concerning the limitations of current approaches to improving health and well-being. Following the introduction, there are 21 chapters that examine the effects of various behavioral risk factors on population health, identify trends in life expectancy and quality of life, and suggest avenues for research in the behavioral and social science arenas to address problems affecting the U.S. population and populations in other developed and developing countries around the world. Undergraduate and graduate students pursuing coursework in health statistics, health population demographics, behavioral and social science, and heatlh policy may be interested in this content. Additionally, policymakers, legislators, heatlh educators, and scientific organizations around the world may also have an interest in this resource.

Healthier

Healthier Book
Author : Sandro Galea
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 0190662417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fifty essays on the state of population health from a vanguard voice in the field Public health can rightly claim its share of victories: healthier cities, widespread sanitation, broader availability of nutrient-rich food, and reductions in violence and injury. But for all these gains, today we face a new set of challenges, ones complicated by political and professional shifts that threaten to fundamentally change the health of populations. Healthier is both an affirmation and an essential summary of the current challenges and opportunities for those working in and around the improvement of population health. The essays contained here champion an approach to health that is consequentialist and rooted in social justice -- an expansion of traditional, quantitatively motivated public health that will both inform and inspire any reader from student to seasoned practitioner. Galea's cogent, incisive arguments guarantee that his perspective, currently at the forefront of public health, will soon become conventional wisdom.

Systems Science and Population Health

Systems Science and Population Health Book
Author : Abdulrahman M. El-Sayed,Sandro Galea,Dean and Robert a Knox Professor Sandro Galea, MD MPH Dph
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-03-01
ISBN : 0190492392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Population health is complex and multileveled, encompassing dynamic interactions between cells, societies, and everything in between. Our typical approach to studying population health, however, remains oriented around a reductionist approach to conceptualizing, empirically analyzing, and intervening to improve population health. The trouble is that interventions founded on simplifying a complex world often do not work, sometimes yielding failure or, even worse, harm. The difficult truth is that "silver bullet" health science often fails, and understanding these failures can help us improve our approach to health science, and, ultimately, population health. SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND POPULATION HEALTH employs principles from across a range of sciences to refine the way we understand population health. By augmenting traditional analytic approaches with new tools like machine learning, microsimulation, and social network analysis, population health can be studied as a dynamic and complex system. This allows us to understand population health as a complex whole, offering new insights and perspectives that stand to improve the health of the public. This text offers the first educational and practical guide to this forward-thinking approach. Comprising 17 chapters from the vanguard of population health, epidemiology, computer science, and medicine, this book offers a three-part introduction to the subject: . An intellectual and conceptual history of systems science as it intersects with population health . Concise, introductory overviews of important and emerging methodological tools in systems science, including systems dynamics, agent-based modeling, microsimulation, social network analysis, and machine-learning-all with relevant examples drawn from population health literature . An exploration of future implications for systems science and its applications to our understanding of population health issues For researchers, students, and practitioners, SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND POPULATION HEALTH redefines many of the foundational elements of how we understand population health. It should not be missed. "