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The Geography of Climate Change Vulnerability

The Geography of Climate Change Vulnerability Book
Author : U. Sunday Tim,Sugam Sharma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-01
ISBN : 0128165243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geography of Climate Change Vulnerability: Exposure, Sensitivity and Adaptation explores the geographic dimensions of vulnerability of human- environmental systems to climate change. It provides information on the concepts, principles, methods and uses of GIS for climate change research and focuses on the spatial characteristics of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, which constitute the primary determinants of vulnerability. It starts with the fundamentals, reviewing the role geography plays in assessing climate change vulnerability beyond applied climatology. It then reviews the basics of GIS: what it is, what it can do and how to integrate climate science and research into existing GIS programs. Next it reviews the essentials of climate change and climate science. From there, the authors (editors) review vulnerability science and its role of in adapting to or mitigating issues stemming from climate change. The techniques of assessing climate change vulnerability are then explored, both on a theoretical and on a practical level. Finally, the applications of what the GIS data reveals are covered, including reviewing climate vulnerable human-environmental systems, scale, data sources, and more. The applications continue into specific areas of impact from water resource systems, to agricultural and ecological systems, human-land interactions and tying it in to the IPCC WGII assessment report of vulnerability. Geography of Climate Change Vulnerability will help readers learn a hands-on, problem-based approaches to providing real-world research across the different roles and modes of GIS applications in climate research. This is an essential resource for researchers across disciplines looking into issues and solutions stemming from climate variability, and for new ways to assess complex and diverse data while doing so. Reviews how to integrate current climate science with diverse environmental data to better model, analyze and predict climate impacts and vulnerabilities Emphasizes the implementation of a wide array of GIS concepts and techniques (e.g., geodatabases, geoprocessing, spatial modeling, mapping, etc.) All tasks of geospatial analytics, modeling and visualization are illustrated in the ArcGIS platform

People and Climate Change

People and Climate Change Book
Author : Lisa Reyes Mason,Jonathan Rigg
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-04-02
ISBN : 0190886463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is a profoundly social and political challenge that threatens the well-being, livelihood, and survival of people in communities worldwide. Too often, those who have contributed least to climate change are the most likely to suffer from its negative consequences and are often excluded from the policy discussions and decisions that affect their lives. People and Climate Change pays particular attention to the social dimensions of climate change. It closely examines people's lived experience, climate-related injustice and inequity, why some groups are more vulnerable than others, and what can be done about it--especially through greater community inclusion in policy change. The book offers a diverse range of rich, community-based examples from across the "Global North" and "Global South" (e.g., sacrificial flood zones in urban Argentina, forced relocation of United Houma tribal members in the United States, gendered water insecurities in Bangladesh and Australia) while posing social and political questions about climate change (e.g., what can be done about the unequal consequences of climate change by questioning and transforming social institutions and arrangements?). It serves as an essential resource for practitioners, policymakers, and undergraduate-/graduate-level educators of courses in environmental studies, social work, urban studies, planning, geography, sociology, and other disciplines that address matters of climate and environmental change.

The Geography of Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Africa

The Geography of Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Africa Book
Author : Patrick Brandful Cobbinah,Michael Addaney
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-29
ISBN : 303004873X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book take a comprehensive look at several cases of climate change adaptation responses across various sectors and geographical areas in urban Africa and places them within a solid theoretical context. Each chapter is a state-of-the-art overview of a significant topic on climate change adaptation in urban Africa and is written by a leading expert in the field. In addition to the focus on the geography of urban adaptation to climate change in Africa, this collection offers a broader perspective by blending the use of case studies and theory based research. It examines transformations in climate change adaptation and its future orientation from the perspectives of urban planners, political economists, environmentalists, ecologists, economists and geographers, thereby addressing the challenges facing African cities adaptation responses from all angles. Providing up-to-date and authoritative contributions covering the key aspects of climate change adaptation in urban Africa, this book will be of great interest to policymakers, practitioners, scholars and students of geography, urban development and management, environmental science and policy, disaster management, as well as those in the field of urban planning.

Geography of Climate Change

Geography of Climate Change Book
Author : Richard John Aspinall
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-09-13
ISBN : 1135756759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is one of the inescapable themes of current times. Climate change confronts society in issues as diverse as domestic and international political debate and negotiation, discussion in the media and public opinion, land management choices and decisions, and concerns about environmental, social and economic priorities now and for the future. Climate change also spans spatial, temporal and organisational scales, and has strong links with nature-society relationships, environmental dynamics, and vulnerability. Understanding the full range of possible consequences of climate change is essential for informed decision making and debate. This book provides a collection of chapters that span environmental, social and economic aspects of climate change. Together the chapters provide a diverse and contrasting series that highlights the need to analyze, review and debate climate change and its possible impacts and consequences from multiple perspectives. The book also is intended to promote discussion and debate of a more integrated, inclusive and open approach to climate change and demonstrates the value of geography in addressing climate change issues. This book was originally published as a special issue of Annals of the Association of American Geographers.

Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change

Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change Book
Author : W. Neil Adger
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0262012278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a global society, we need to take action not only to prevent the potentiallycatastrophic effects of climate change but also to adapt to the unavoidable effects of climatechange already imposed on the world. Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change looks at thechallenges of ensuring that policy responses to climate change do not place undue and unfair burdenson already vulnerable populations. All countries will be endangered by climate change risks fromflood, drought, and other extreme weather events, but developing countries are more dependent onclimate-sensitive livelihoods such as farming and fishing and hence are more vulnerable. Despitethis, the concerns of developing countries are marginalized in climate policy decisions thatexacerbate current vulnerabilities.Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change brings together scholarsfrom political science, economics, law, human geography, and climate science to offer the firstassessment of the social justice issues in adaptation to climate change. The book outlines thephilosophical underpinnings of different types of justice in relation to climate change, presentinequities, and future burdens, and it applies these to real world examples of climate changeadaptation in Bangladesh, Tanzania, Botswana, Namibia, and Hungary. It argues that the key toadapting to climate change lies in recognizing the equity and justice issues inherent in its causesand in human responses to it.Contributors:W. Neil Adger, Paul Baer, Jon Barnett, Maria Bohn, KirstinDow, Saleemul Huq, Roger E. Kasperson, Mizan R. Khan, Janica Lane, Neil A. Leary, Robin Leichenko,Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer, M. J. Mace, Karen O'Brien, Jouni Paavola, Stephen H. Schneider, David S. G.Thomas, Chasca Twyman, Anna Vári

Adaptation to Climate Change

Adaptation to Climate Change Book
Author : Mark Pelling
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-10-18
ISBN : 1134022026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The impacts of climate change are already being felt. Learning how to live with these impacts is a priority for human development. In this context, it is too easy to see adaptation as a narrowly defensive task – protecting core assets or functions from the risks of climate change. A more profound engagement, which sees climate change risks as a product and driver of social as well as natural systems, and their interaction, is called for. Adaptation to Climate Change argues that, without care, adaptive actions can deny the deeper political and cultural roots that call for significant change in social and political relations if human vulnerability to climate change associated risk is to be reduced. This book presents a framework for making sense of the range of choices facing humanity, structured around resilience (stability), transition (incremental social change and the exercising of existing rights) and transformation (new rights claims and changes in political regimes). The resilience-transition-transformation framework is supported by three detailed case study chapters. These also illustrate the diversity of contexts where adaption is unfolding, from organizations to urban governance and the national polity. This text is the first comprehensive analysis of the social dimensions to climate change adaptation. Clearly written in an engaging style, it provides detailed theoretical and empirical chapters and serves as an invaluable reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in climate change, geography and development studies.

Climate Change Vulnerability and Migration

Climate Change  Vulnerability and Migration Book
Author : S. Irudaya Rajan,R. B. Bhagat
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-09-22
ISBN : 1351375571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights how climate change has affected migration in the Indian subcontinent. Drawing on field research, it argues that extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, cyclones, cloudbursts as well as sea-level rise, desertification and declining crop productivity have shown higher frequency in recent times and have depleted bio-physical diversity and the capacity of the ecosystem to provide food and livelihood security. The volume shows how the socio-economically poor are worst affected in these circumstances and resort to migration to survive. The essays in the volume study the role of remittances sent by migrants to their families in environmentally fragile zones in providing an important cushion and adaptation capabilities to cope with extreme weather events. The book looks at the socio-economic and political drivers of migration, different forms of mobility, mortality and morbidity levels in the affected population, and discusses mitigation and adaption strategies. The volume will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of environment and ecology, migration and diaspora studies, development studies, sociology and social anthropology, governance and public policy, and politics.

Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation in the Livestock Sector in Ethiopia

Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation in the Livestock Sector in Ethiopia Book
Author : Dr. Anupam Kumar Singh
Publisher : Orangebooks Publication
Release : 2020-06-18
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is basically associated with doctoral research. At present climate change become a serious environmental issues in the world. Farmer, pastoralists and marginalized people are more vulnerable to climate related problems because agriculture as well as livestock resources totally depended upon climate like temperature and rainfall. Livestock is a significant contributor to economic and social development in Ethiopia at the household as well as national level. Due to climate change induced hazards like recurring of drought leads the pastoralist’s livestock’s in to death and makes the pastoralist’s to be more vulnerable.

Cities and Climate Change

Cities and Climate Change Book
Author : Harriet Bulkeley
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-05-07
ISBN : 1135130124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is one of the most significant global challenges facing the world today. It is also a critical issue for the world’s cities. Now home to over half the world’s population, urban areas are significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions and are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Responding to climate change is a profound challenge. A variety of actors are involved in urban climate governance, with municipal governments, international organisations, and funding bodies pointing to cities as key arenas for response. This book provides the first critical introduction to these challenges, giving an overview of the science and policy of climate change at the global level and the emergence of climate change as an urban policy issue. It considers the challenges of governing climate change in the city in the context of the changing nature of urban politics, economics, society and infrastructures. It looks at how responses for mitigation and adaptation have emerged within the city, and the implications of climate change for social and environmental justice. Drawing on examples from cities in the north and south, and richly illustrated with detailed case-studies, this book will enable students to understand the potential and limits of addressing climate change at the urban level and to explore the consequences for our future cities. It will be essential reading for undergraduate students across the disciplines of geography, politics, sociology, urban studies, planning and science and technology studies.

Culture Space and Climate Change

Culture  Space and Climate Change Book
Author : Thorsten Heimann
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-11-19
ISBN : 0429791607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ways of handling climate change vary worldwide. Differences can be observed in the perception of potential threats and opportunities as well as in the appraisal of adequate coping strategies. Collective efforts often fail not because of technical restrictions, but as a result of social and cultural differences between the actors involved. Consequently, there is a need to explore in greater depth those zones of cultural friction which emerge when actors deal with climate change. This book examines how cultural differences in the handling of climate change can be described and explained. The work develops the concept of culture as relational space, elaborates explanatory approaches, and investigates them by surveying more than 800 actors responsible for spatial development of the European coastal regions in the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, and Poland. In doing so, this book engages with debates on cultural globalisation, in which the attachment of culture to place is increasingly being questioned. Adopting the approach of culture as relational space allows possible cultural formations to be examined across diverse fields of application from the local to the global scale. In addition, the book investigates how far different value orientations, beliefs, and identities can explain diverse perceptions of problems and opportunities right up to preferences for climate-mitigation and adaptation measures. Providing comprehensive insights into the diverse zones of cultural friction which scholars and practitioners face when handling climate change locally and globally, this book will be of great interest to those studying climate change, environmental sociology, and sustainable planning.

Climate Change Impacts and Sustainability

Climate Change Impacts and Sustainability Book
Author : Pius Z. Yanda,Claude G. Mung'ong'o,Edmund B. Mabhuye
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2020-06-02
ISBN : 1789242967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a detailed analysis of the economic and environmental impacts of climate change on the tropical ecosystems in Tanzania. Topics covered include agriculture, marine resources, wildlife, and weather forecasting. The analyses concentrate on real and potential impacts of climate change, focusing on changes in temperature and precipitation. Adaptive capacity and strategies for enhancing resilience (such as changing crop types and crop patterns in farming) are described.

Disentangling Migration and Climate Change

Disentangling Migration and Climate Change Book
Author : Thomas Faist,Jeanette Schade
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-05-14
ISBN : 9400762089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses environmental and climate change induced migration from the vantage point of migration studies, offering a broad spectrum of approaches for considering the environment/climate/migration nexus. Research on the subject is still frequently narrowed down to climate change vulnerability and the environmental push factor. The book establishes the interconnections between societal and environmental vulnerability, and migration and capability, allowing appreciation of migration in the frame of climate as a case of spatial and social mobility, that is, as a strategy of persons and groups to deal with a grossly unequal distribution of life chances across the world. In their introduction, the editors fan out the current debate and state the need to transcend predominantly policy-oriented approaches to migration. The first section of the volume focuses on “Methodologies and Methods” and presents very distinct approaches to think climate induced migration. Subsequent chapters explore the sensitivity of existing migration flows to climate change in Ghana and Bangladesh, the complex relationship between migration, demographic change and coping capacities in Canada, methodological challenges of a household survey on the significance of migration and remittances for adaptation in the Hindu Kush region and an econometric study of the aftermath of the 1998 floods in Bangladesh. The second part, “Areas of Concern: Politics and Human Rights”, deepens the analysis of discourses as well as of the implications of proposed and implemented policies. Contributors discuss such topics as environmental migration as a multi-causal problem, climate migration as a consequence in an alarmist discourse and climate migration as a solution. A study of an integrated relocation program in Papua New Guinea is followed by chapters on the promise and the flaws of planned relocation policy, global policy on protection of environmental migrants including both internally displaced peoples and those who cross international borders. A concluding chapter places human agency at centre stage and explores the interplay between human rights, capability and migration.

Environmental Change Adaptation and Security

Environmental Change  Adaptation  and Security Book
Author : S. Lonergan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-12-31
ISBN : 9780792361206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers collected here range from descriptions of environmental and health issues in Russia and Eastern Europe to models of sustainable land use. This diversity of perspectives on the environment and security is indicative of both the breadth of this new area of research as well as of the varied background of the researchers involved. The volume reflects the vitality of the topic.

Global Change and Caribbean Vulnerability

Global Change and Caribbean Vulnerability Book
Author : Duncan F. M. McGregor,David Dodman,David Barker
Publisher : University of West Indies Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9789766402211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Caribbean region is facing many challenges in the early years of the twenty-first century, including global warming, population growth, globalization and trade liberalization. This volume makes a significant contribution to the literature, with a range of authors from geography and other disciplines showing how current research is addressing rapid change in the region. This is the fourth volume in a series published by the University of the West Indies Press that has focused on the search for development strategies that address the social and economic needs of the people without further deterioration of the region's fragile environmental resource base. This volume focuses upon the vulnerabilities of peoples and their environments, and emphasizes the importance of a multidisciplinary approach in this applied research field. Among the issues examined are climate change, sustainable food production systems, urban planning and community development, and coastal management. The editors conclude the volume by developing the critical research agenda on these and other issues. Book jacket.

Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation in Asia and the Pacific

Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation in Asia and the Pacific Book
Author : Lin Erda,William C. Bolhofer,Saleemul Huq,Stephanie Lenhart,Shishir K. Mukherjee,Joel B. Smith,Joe Wisniewski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 9401710538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PREFACE ix ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xi L. AMADORE, W. C. BOLHOFER, R. V. CRUZ, R. B. FEIR, C. A. FREYSINGER, S. GUILL, K. F. JALAL, A IGLESIAS, A. JOSE, S. LEATHERMAN, S. LENHART, S. MUKHER JEE, J. B. SMITH, and J. WISNIEWSKII Climate Change Vulnerability and Adap tion in Asia and the Pacific: Workshop Summary 1-12 A. IGLESIAS, LlN ERDA, and C. ROSENZWEIG I Climate Change in Asia: A Review of the Vulnerability and Adaption of Crop Production 13-27 I. AMIEN, P. REJEKININGRUM, A. PRAMUDIA, and E. SUSANTII Effects of Interannual Climate Variability and Climate Change on Rice Yield in Java, Indonesia 29-39 R. D. BUAN, AR. MAGLlNAO, P. P. EVANGELISTA, and B. G. PAJUELAS I Vulnerability of Rice and Corn to Climate Change in the Philippines 41-51 Z. KARIM, S. G. HUSSAIN, and M. AHMED I Assessing Impacts of Climatic Variations on Foodgrain Production in Bangladesh 53-62 LlN ERDA I Agricultural Vulnerability and Adaptation to Global Warming in China 63-73 WANG JINGHUA and LlN ERDA I The Impacts of Potential Climate Change and Climate Variability on Simulated Maize Production in China 75-85 M. A. WIJERATNE I Vulnerability of Sri Lanka Tea Production to Global Climate Change 87-94 B. BOLORTSETSEG and G. TUVAANSUREN I The Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Pasture and Cattle Production in Mongolia 95-105 K. BOONPRAGOB and J. SANTISIRISOMBOON I Modeling Potential Changes of Forest Area in Thailand under Climate Change 107-117 K. 1. KOBAK, I. YE. TURCHINOVICH, N. YU. KONDRASHEVA, E. -D. SCHULZE, W.

Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in Bangladesh

Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in Bangladesh Book
Author : Md Aboul Fazal Younus
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-06-26
ISBN : 9400754949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The IPCC (2007) warned that the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna (GBM) basin will be at greatest risk due to increased flooding, and that the region’s poverty would reduce its adaptation capacity. This book investigates autonomous adaptation using a multi-method technique comprising PRA and a questionnaire survey applied in the case study area ‘Islampur’ Upazila in Bangladesh. The study has four key approaches. First, it reviews the flood literature for Bangladesh from 1980 to 2014. Second, it examines farmers' crop adaptation processes in a case study area at Islampur, Bangladesh. Third, it assesses the vulnerability and adaptation (V & A) in response to three extreme flood events (EFEs). Fourth, the book assesses the economic consequences of failure effects of autonomous crop adaptation in response to EFEs. The results show that Bangladeshi farmers are highly resilient to EFEs, but the economic consequences of failure effects of autonomous crop adaptation (FEACA) on marginal farmers are large. The book contributes to current knowledge by filling three important research gaps as follows, 1) farmers’ autonomous crop adaptation processes in response to various types of extreme floods; 2) methodological contribution for assessing vulnerability and adaptation through PRA; and 3) the economic consequences of the failure effects of autonomous crop adaptations. “This book provides a good account of ‘autonomous adaptation’ and its impact on fl ood vulnerable communities in Bangladesh. Anyone wishing to fully understand the impact of climate change should read the book.” Professor Muhammad Yunus, Nobel Laureate, Yunus Centre, Bangladesh

Coping with Global Environmental Change Disasters and Security

Coping with Global Environmental Change  Disasters and Security Book
Author : Hans Günter Brauch,Úrsula Oswald Spring,Czeslaw Mesjasz,John Grin,Patricia Kameri-Mbote,Béchir Chourou,Pál Dunay,Joern Birkmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-03
ISBN : 9783642177767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security - Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks reviews conceptual debates and case studies focusing on disasters and security threats, challenges, vulnerabilities and risks in Europe, the Mediterranean and other regions. It discusses social science concepts of vulnerability and risks, global, regional and national security challenges, global warming, floods, desertification and drought as environmental security challenges, water and food security challenges and vulnerabilities, vulnerability mapping of environmental security challenges and risks, contributions of remote sensing to the recognition of security risks, mainstreaming early warning of conflicts and hazards and provides conceptual and policy conclusions.

Migration and Climate Change

Migration and Climate Change Book
Author : Étienne Piguet,Antoine Pécoud
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-06-23
ISBN : 1107014859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Migration and Climate Change provides the first authoritative overview of the relationship between climate change and migration, bringing together both case studies and syntheses from different parts of the world. It discusses policy responses, normative issues and critical perspectives from the point of view of human rights, international law, political science, and ethics, and addresses the concepts, notions and methods most suited to confronting this complex issue. The book constitutes a unique and thorough introduction to one of the most discussed but least understood consequences of climate change and brings together experts from a multitude of disciplines such as geography, anthropology and law, providing a valuable synthesis of research and debate"--

Global Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change

Global Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change Book
Author : Tara Rava Zolnikov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-30
ISBN : 3030012131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the link between climate change and resiliency on each continent of the world. It reviews how climate change affects populations, not only through environmental exposures and health outcomes, but how people live their lives. Zolnikov brings together a set of experts to offer a novel perspective on understanding climate change vulnerability alongside adaption measures being implemented. Each chapter includes an overview on how climate change will affect that continent alongside current adaptation, mitigation, and policies that seek to improve population outcomes. As a whole, the book explores why a “one size fits all” approach to promote climate change resiliency does not work; however, a global perspective can facilitate people learning from one another and facing climate change together.