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The Future Of Soil Carbon

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The Future of Soil Carbon

The Future of Soil Carbon Book
Author : Carlos Garcia,Paolo Nannipieri,Teresa Hernandez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-10
ISBN : 0128116889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Future of Soil Carbon: Its Conservation and Formation provides readers with an integrative approach to understanding the important role of organic carbon in soil functioning and fertility. Terrestrial interactions between SOC and complex human-natural systems require new fundamental and applied research into regional and global SOC budgets. This book provides new and synthesized information on the dynamics of SOC in the terrestrial environment. In addition to rigorous state-of-the art on soil science, the book also provides strategies to avoid risks of soil carbon losses. Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a vital component of soils, with important and far-reaching effects on the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. Human activities over the last several decades have significantly changed the regional and global balance of SOC, greatly exacerbating global warming and climate change. Provides a holistic overview of soil carbon status and main threats for its conservation Offers innovative solutions to conserve soil carbon Includes in-depth treatment of regional and global changes in soil organic carbon budget

Soil Organic Matter in Temperate AgroecosystemsLong Term Experiments in North America

Soil Organic Matter in Temperate AgroecosystemsLong Term Experiments in North America Book
Author : Eldor A. Paul,Keith H. Paustian,E. T. Elliott,C. Vernon Cole
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-11-26
ISBN : 9780849328022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The presence - or absence - of soil organic matter (SOM) has important implications for agricultural productivity. It could also have significant implications for global climate due to its role as a source/sink of carbon. Therefore, it is important to understand the issues related to the accumulation or loss of SOM, to use what we have learned from experiments to make sound decisions about soil and crop management, and to test models and future concepts concerning SOM management. A database is included with the book, presenting tabular data for 34 sites in North America. Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Agroecosystems discusses all of these issues and more, answering such questions as:

Soil Management and Climate Change

Soil Management and Climate Change Book
Author : Maria Angeles Munoz,Raúl Zornoza
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 0128121297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Management and Climate Change: Effects on Organic Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions provides a state of the art overview of recent findings and future research challenges regarding physical, chemical and biological processes controlling soil carbon, nitrogen dynamic and greenhouse gas emissions from soils. This book is for students and academics in soil science and environmental science, land managers, public administrators and legislators, and will increase understanding of organic matter preservation in soil and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. Given the central role soil plays on the global carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycles and its impact on greenhouse gas emissions, there is an urgent need to increase our common understanding about sources, mechanisms and processes that regulate organic matter mineralization and stabilization, and to identify those management practices and processes which mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, helping increase organic matter stabilization with suitable supplies of available N. Provides the latest findings about soil organic matter stabilization and greenhouse gas emissions Covers the effect of practices and management on soil organic matter stabilization Includes information for readers to select the most suitable management practices to increase soil organic matter stabilization

Soil Carbon Dynamics

Soil Carbon Dynamics Book
Author : Werner L. Kutsch,Michael Bahn,Andreas Heinemeyer
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-01-07
ISBN : 1139483161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon stored in soils represents the largest terrestrial carbon pool and factors affecting this will be vital in the understanding of future atmospheric CO2 concentrations. This book provides an integrated view on measuring and modeling soil carbon dynamics. Based on a broad range of in-depth contributions by leading scientists it gives an overview of current research concepts, developments and outlooks and introduces cutting-edge methodologies, ranging from questions of appropriate measurement design to the potential application of stable isotopes and molecular tools. It includes a standardised soil CO2 efflux protocol, aimed at data consistency and inter-site comparability and thus underpins a regional and global understanding of soil carbon dynamics. This book provides an important reference work for students and scientists interested in many aspects of soil ecology and biogeochemical cycles, policy makers, carbon traders and others concerned with the global carbon cycle.

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Ecosystems

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Ecosystems Book
Author : Klaus Lorenz,Rattan Lal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-31
ISBN : 3319923188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive book on basic processes of soil C dynamics and the underlying factors and causes which determine the technical and economic potential of soil C sequestration. The book provides information on the dynamics of both inorganic (lithogenic and pedogenic carbonates) and organic C (labile, intermediate and passive). It describes different types of agroecosystems, and lists questions at the end of each chapter to stimulate thinking and promote academic dialogue. Each chapter has a bibliography containing up-to-date references on the current research, and provides the state-of-the-knowledge while also identifying the knowledge gaps for future research. The critical need for restoring C stocks in world soils is discussed in terms of provisioning of essential ecosystem services (food security, carbon sequestration, water quality and renewability, and biodiversity). It is of interest to students, scientists, and policy makers.

Soil Carbon Storage

Soil Carbon Storage Book
Author : Brajesh Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-12
ISBN : 0128127678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Carbon Storage: Modulators, Mechanisms and Modeling takes a novel approach to the issue of soil carbon storage by considering soil C sequestration as a function of the interaction between biotic (e.g. microbes and plants) and abiotic (climate, soil types, management practices) modulators as a key driver of soil C. These modulators are central to C balance through their processing of C from both plant inputs and native soil organic matter. This book considers this concept in the light of state-of-the-art methodologies that elucidate these interactions and increase our understanding of a vitally important, but poorly characterized component of the global C cycle. The book provides soil scientists with a comprehensive, mechanistic, quantitative and predictive understanding of soil carbon storage. It presents a new framework that can be included in predictive models and management practices for better prediction and enhanced C storage in soils. Identifies management practices to enhance storage of soil C under different agro-ecosystems, soil types and climatic conditions Provides novel conceptual frameworks of biotic (especially microbial) and abiotic data to improve prediction of simulation model at plot to global scale Advances the conceptual framework needed to support robust predictive models and sustainable land management practices

Infrared Spectroscopy for Soil Carbon Accounting and Soil Quality Assessment

Infrared Spectroscopy for Soil Carbon Accounting and Soil Quality Assessment Book
Author : Sonam Rinchen Sherpa
Publisher :
Release : 2019
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The future of global food security and economic stability continue to raise increasing concern, as the human population and thus demand for agricultural resources are rising at an alarming rate, while the frequency of extreme weather events leading to drought, flooding, and heat stress are projected to increase. Furthermore, the impacts of climate change on crop productivity and water availability are already apparent, and if current trends of increasing atmospheric CO2 levels and land degradation persist, the stability of whole food systems could be at risk. Building soil organic carbon (SOC) is essential for restoring degraded soils and enhancing soil health, as increasing SOC can reduce compaction, improve drainage and aeration, increase water holding and cation exchange capacity, and enhance nutrient cycling and fertility, thereby improving agronomic productivity and resource use efficiency in agroecosystems. Implementing soil management practices to build SOC can provide win-win opportunities for farmers and resource managers, resulting in improved soil health, increased fertilizer use efficiency, and increased resiliency to drought and heat stress, while serving to mitigate climate change by sequestering atmospheric carbon. However, the excessive sampling and analysis costs required to measure baseline levels and monitor changes in soil quality, currently limits our ability to establish effective policies for incentivizing sustainable soil management practices. Mid infrared (MIR) and visible and near infrared (VNIR) spectroscopy have been proposed as accurate and low cost options for predicting multiple soil quality indicators, and may be capable of meeting current needs of a low cost reliable method for quantifying soil quality and SOC. In this dissertation, I explore potential applications for MIR and VNIR spectroscopy by developing and testing low-cost, reliable measurement-based approaches for quantifying soil quality and SOC at farm-to-regional scales. Both VNIR and MIR spectroscopy successfully predicted SOC and other soil quality indicators with an acceptable level of accuracy often comparable to that of standard wet chemistry methods for soil assessment, yet measurement costs for both VNIR and MIR predictions was roughly an order of magnitude less than standard wet chemistry methods.

Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon

Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon Book
Author : John M. Kimble,Ronald F. Follett,Bobby A. Stewart
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-12-28
ISBN : 9781566704618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since carbon sequestration in soils reduces the amount of carbon available to the atmosphere, the Kyoto Protocols have heightened interest in soil carbon pools and their effect on carbon fluxes. Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon addresses many of the questions related to the measurement, monitoring, and verification of organic and inorganic carbon in soils. The major topics covered are: carbon pools; soil sampling and preparation, analytical techniques for soil carbon; soil erosion and sedimentation; remote sensing, GIS and modeling; procedures for scaling carbon data from point and local measurements to regional and even national scales; and economic and policy issues. In Assessment Methods for Soil Carbon, leading researchers show that we now have the ability to measure, monitor, and verify changes to soil carbon. The book establishes the need for standardized methods that can be used by anyone, and helps us better understand the link between the pedosphere (soils) and the atmosphere. It also shows the importance of developing links between the economics of carbon sequestration and the amounts sequestered, and highlights the need for scientists and policy makers to interact to ensure that policies fit within the scope of present technologies.

Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle

Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle Book
Author : Rattan Lal,John M. Kimble,Ronald F. Follett,Bobby A. Stewart
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-11-25
ISBN : 9780849374418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World soils contain about 1500 gigatons of organic carbon. This large carbon reserve can increase atmospheric concentrations of CO2 by soil misuse or mismanagement, or it can reverse the 'greenhouse' effect by judicious land use and proper soil management. Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle describes soil processes and their effects on the global carbon cycle while relating soil properties to soil quality and potential and actual carbon reserves in the soil. In addition, this book deals with modeling the carbon cycle in soil, and with methods of soil carbon determinations.

Soil Carbon

Soil Carbon Book
Author : Steven A Banwart,Elke Noellemeyer,Eleanor Milne
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2014-12-03
ISBN : 1780645325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together the essential evidence and policy opportunities regarding the global importance of soil carbon for sustaining Earth's life support system for humanity. Covering the science and policy background for this important natural resource, it describes land management options that improve soil carbon status and therefore increase the benefits that humans derive from the environment. Written by renowned global experts, it is the principal output from a SCOPE rapid assessment process project.

Soil Respiration and the Environment

Soil Respiration and the Environment Book
Author : Luo Yiqi,Xuhui Zhou
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-20
ISBN : 9780080463971
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global environment is constantly changing and our planet is getting warmer at an unprecedented rate. The study of the carbon cycle, and soil respiration, is a very active area of research internationally because of its relationship to climate change. It is crucial for our understanding of ecosystem functions from plot levels to global scales. Although a great deal of literature on soil respiration has been accumulated in the past several years, the material has not yet been synthesized into one place until now. This book synthesizes the already published research findings and presents the fundamentals of this subject. Including information on global carbon cycling, climate changes, ecosystem productivity, crop production, and soil fertility, this book will be of interest to scientists, researchers, and students across many disciplines. A key reference for the scientific community on global climate change, ecosystem studies, and soil ecology Describes the myriad ways that soils respire and how this activity influences the environment Covers a breadth of topics ranging from methodology to comparative analyses of different ecosystem types The first existing "treatise" on the subject

The Future of the World s Climate

The Future of the World s Climate Book
Author : Ann Henderson-Sellers,K. McGuffie
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 012386917X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of climate today seems to be dominated by global warming, but these predictions of climatic models must be placed in their geological, paleo-climatic, and astronomical context to create a complete picture of the Earth's future climate. The Future of the World's Climate presents that perspective with data and projections that have emerged from more technologically advanced and accurate climate modeling. The book is comprised of 18 new and revised chapters that feature reviews of current climate science. The authors are drawn from all over the world and from the highest regarded peer-reviewed groups. Each chapter has undergone major revisions and new content has been added throughout. Authored by the world's leading climate scientists, most of whom are also contributing authors to the IPCC Assessment Reports. More than 200 tables, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs Climate modeling technology is more advanced and precise than it was 15 years ago-a major implication featured in this new edition.

Soil Carbon Management

Soil Carbon Management Book
Author : John M. Kimble,Charles W. Rice,Debbie Reed,Sian Mooney,Ronald F. Follett,Rattan Lal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-05-21
ISBN : 1420044095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Better Manage Soil C for Improved Soil Quality In the United States, soil has fueled the availability of abundant, safe food, thus underpinning economic growth and development. In the future we need to be more vigilant in managing and renewing this precious resource by replacing the nutrients and life-sustaining matter that we remove for

Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect

Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect Book
Author : John M. Kimble,Elissa R. Levine,Bobby A. Stewart
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1995-03-23
ISBN : 9781566701174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect focuses on proper management of soils and its effects on global change, specifically, the greenhouse effect. It contains up-to-date information on a broad range of important soil management topics, emphasizing the critical role of soil for carbon storage. Sequestration and emission of carbon and other gases are examined in various ecosystems, in both natural and managed environments, to provide a comprehensive overview. This useful reference includes chapters that address policy issues, as well as research and development priorities. The material in this volume is valuable not only to soil scientists but to the entire environmental science community.

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future Book
Author : Wiebren de Jong,J. Ruud van Ommen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-10-03
ISBN : 1118916638
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focusing on the conversion of biomass into gas or liquid fuels the book covers physical pre-treatment technologies, thermal, chemical and biochemical conversion technologies • Details the latest biomass characterization techniques • Explains the biochemical and thermochemical conversion processes • Discusses the development of integrated biorefineries, which are similar to petroleum refineries in concept, covering such topics as reactor configurations and downstream processing • Describes how to mitigate the environmental risks when using biomass as fuel • Includes many problems, small projects, sample calculations and industrial application examples

Soils Basic Concepts and Future Challenges

Soils  Basic Concepts and Future Challenges Book
Author : Riccardo Scalenghe
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2006-10-12
ISBN : 113946003X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book was born as an international tribute to Fiorenzo C. Ugolini, an outstanding soil scientist, now retired from university teaching and research. It is a synthesis of the knowledge of soils, their genesis, functions and management, and includes contributions from leading soil scientists. It provides the basic concepts as well as data and practical examples from across the discipline. The book also discusses the increasingly important role of soils in enabling the preservation of life and contains a rare attempt to cross-harmonize the Soil Groups of the World Reference Base of Soil Resources with the Orders of the Soil Taxonomy. It also considers the possible existence of extraterrestrial soils based on the findings from the last space missions. This volume will be a valuable resource for researchers and students of soil science, soil conservation, geography and landscape ecology.

Soil Carbon

Soil Carbon Book
Author : Alfred E. Hartemink,Kevin McSweeney
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-04-01
ISBN : 3319040847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Few topics cut across the soil science discipline wider than research on soil carbon. This book contains 48 chapters that focus on novel and exciting aspects of soil carbon research from all over the world. It includes review papers by global leaders in soil carbon research, and the book ends with a list and discussion of global soil carbon research priorities. Chapters are loosely grouped in four sections: § Soil carbon in space and time § Soil carbon properties and processes § Soil use and carbon management § Soil carbon and the environment A wide variety of topics is included: soil carbon modelling, measurement, monitoring, microbial dynamics, soil carbon management and 12 chapters focus on national or regional soil carbon stock assessments. The book provides up-to-date information for researchers interested in soil carbon in relation to climate change and to researchers that are interested in soil carbon for the maintenance of soil quality and fertility. Papers in this book were presented at the IUSS Global Soil C Conference that was held at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Soil Carbon in Sensitive European Ecosystems

Soil Carbon in Sensitive European Ecosystems Book
Author : Robert Jandl,Mirco Rodeghiero,Mats Olsson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-10-20
ISBN : 1119977673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Carbon in Sensitive European Ecosystems - From Science to Land Management is a comprehensive overview of the latest research in this field drawn together by a network of scientists from across Europe. Soil carbon assessments are crucial at present to our understanding of the dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems and our ability to assess implications for the global carbon exchange and its consequences on the future climate. This book focuses primarily on ecosystems and their soil carbon stocks. The book identifies three key sensitive ecosystems within Europe: Mediterranean Forest and Agricultural Systems; Mountains; and Peatland. Contributors include those currently working for the European research programme, COST Action 639 BurnOut (www.cost639.net; 2006-2010). COST Action 639 emerged from a demand from policy makers in Europe for more detailed information on soil carbon dynamics. The cooperation between experts for reporting and experts for soil dynamics is the focus of the book. This book seeks to provide an up-to-date account on the state-of-the-art research within this topical field.

The Future of Soil Science

The Future of Soil Science Book
Author : Alfred E. Hartemink,International Union of Soil Sciences
Publisher :
Release : 2006
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the views from 55 soil scientists in 28 countries - from Finland to South Africa, from Canada to Ghana, Malaysia and China.

Understanding Soil Change

Understanding Soil Change Book
Author : Daniel de Boucherville Richter,Daniel D. Richter, Jr,Daniel Markewitz
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-06-14
ISBN : 9780521771719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores a legacy of soil change in southeastern North America.