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The Future Of Soil Carbon

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The Future of Soil Carbon

The Future of Soil Carbon Book
Author : Carlos Garcia,Paolo Nannipieri,Teresa Hernandez
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-10
ISBN : 0128116889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Future of Soil Carbon: Its Conservation and Formation provides readers with an integrative approach to understanding the important role of organic carbon in soil functioning and fertility. Terrestrial interactions between SOC and complex human-natural systems require new fundamental and applied research into regional and global SOC budgets. This book provides new and synthesized information on the dynamics of SOC in the terrestrial environment. In addition to rigorous state-of-the art on soil science, the book also provides strategies to avoid risks of soil carbon losses. Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a vital component of soils, with important and far-reaching effects on the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. Human activities over the last several decades have significantly changed the regional and global balance of SOC, greatly exacerbating global warming and climate change. Provides a holistic overview of soil carbon status and main threats for its conservation Offers innovative solutions to conserve soil carbon Includes in-depth treatment of regional and global changes in soil organic carbon budget

Soil Organic Matter in Temperate AgroecosystemsLong Term Experiments in North America

Soil Organic Matter in Temperate AgroecosystemsLong Term Experiments in North America Book
Author : Eldor A. Paul,Keith H. Paustian,E. T. Elliott,C. Vernon Cole
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-11-26
ISBN : 9780849328022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The presence - or absence - of soil organic matter (SOM) has important implications for agricultural productivity. It could also have significant implications for global climate due to its role as a source/sink of carbon. Therefore, it is important to understand the issues related to the accumulation or loss of SOM, to use what we have learned from experiments to make sound decisions about soil and crop management, and to test models and future concepts concerning SOM management. A database is included with the book, presenting tabular data for 34 sites in North America. Soil Organic Matter in Temperate Agroecosystems discusses all of these issues and more, answering such questions as:

Infrared Spectroscopy for Soil Carbon Accounting and Soil Quality Assessment

Infrared Spectroscopy for Soil Carbon Accounting and Soil Quality Assessment Book
Author : Sonam Rinchen Sherpa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The future of global food security and economic stability continue to raise increasing concern, as the human population and thus demand for agricultural resources are rising at an alarming rate, while the frequency of extreme weather events leading to drought, flooding, and heat stress are projected to increase. Furthermore, the impacts of climate change on crop productivity and water availability are already apparent, and if current trends of increasing atmospheric CO2 levels and land degradation persist, the stability of whole food systems could be at risk. Building soil organic carbon (SOC) is essential for restoring degraded soils and enhancing soil health, as increasing SOC can reduce compaction, improve drainage and aeration, increase water holding and cation exchange capacity, and enhance nutrient cycling and fertility, thereby improving agronomic productivity and resource use efficiency in agroecosystems. Implementing soil management practices to build SOC can provide win-win opportunities for farmers and resource managers, resulting in improved soil health, increased fertilizer use efficiency, and increased resiliency to drought and heat stress, while serving to mitigate climate change by sequestering atmospheric carbon. However, the excessive sampling and analysis costs required to measure baseline levels and monitor changes in soil quality, currently limits our ability to establish effective policies for incentivizing sustainable soil management practices. Mid infrared (MIR) and visible and near infrared (VNIR) spectroscopy have been proposed as accurate and low cost options for predicting multiple soil quality indicators, and may be capable of meeting current needs of a low cost reliable method for quantifying soil quality and SOC. In this dissertation, I explore potential applications for MIR and VNIR spectroscopy by developing and testing low-cost, reliable measurement-based approaches for quantifying soil quality and SOC at farm-to-regional scales. Both VNIR and MIR spectroscopy successfully predicted SOC and other soil quality indicators with an acceptable level of accuracy often comparable to that of standard wet chemistry methods for soil assessment, yet measurement costs for both VNIR and MIR predictions was roughly an order of magnitude less than standard wet chemistry methods.

Soil Carbon Management

Soil Carbon Management Book
Author : John M. Kimble,Charles W. Rice,Debbie Reed,Sian Mooney,Ronald F. Follett,Rattan Lal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-05-21
ISBN : 1420044095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Better Manage Soil C for Improved Soil Quality In the United States, soil has fueled the availability of abundant, safe food, thus underpinning economic growth and development. In the future we need to be more vigilant in managing and renewing this precious resource by replacing the nutrients and life-sustaining matter that we remove for

Soil Carbon Dynamics

Soil Carbon Dynamics Book
Author : Werner L. Kutsch,Michael Bahn,Andreas Heinemeyer
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-01-07
ISBN : 1139483161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon stored in soils represents the largest terrestrial carbon pool and factors affecting this will be vital in the understanding of future atmospheric CO2 concentrations. This book provides an integrated view on measuring and modeling soil carbon dynamics. Based on a broad range of in-depth contributions by leading scientists it gives an overview of current research concepts, developments and outlooks and introduces cutting-edge methodologies, ranging from questions of appropriate measurement design to the potential application of stable isotopes and molecular tools. It includes a standardised soil CO2 efflux protocol, aimed at data consistency and inter-site comparability and thus underpins a regional and global understanding of soil carbon dynamics. This book provides an important reference work for students and scientists interested in many aspects of soil ecology and biogeochemical cycles, policy makers, carbon traders and others concerned with the global carbon cycle.

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Ecosystems

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Ecosystems Book
Author : Klaus Lorenz,Rattan Lal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-31
ISBN : 3319923188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive book on basic processes of soil C dynamics and the underlying factors and causes which determine the technical and economic potential of soil C sequestration. The book provides information on the dynamics of both inorganic (lithogenic and pedogenic carbonates) and organic C (labile, intermediate and passive). It describes different types of agroecosystems, and lists questions at the end of each chapter to stimulate thinking and promote academic dialogue. Each chapter has a bibliography containing up-to-date references on the current research, and provides the state-of-the-knowledge while also identifying the knowledge gaps for future research. The critical need for restoring C stocks in world soils is discussed in terms of provisioning of essential ecosystem services (food security, carbon sequestration, water quality and renewability, and biodiversity). It is of interest to students, scientists, and policy makers.

Soil Carbon Cycling Constrained by Oxygen dependent Enzyme Activity and Microbial Energetics

Soil Carbon Cycling Constrained by Oxygen dependent Enzyme Activity and Microbial Energetics Book
Author : Hannah Rose Naughton
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soils contain up to three times as much dynamic carbon as the atmosphere, making them a critical carbon sink. Soil organic carbon (SOC) performs ecosystem services such as atmospheric carbon sequestration, retention of nutrients and water, promotion of good soil structure, and fueling microbial activity that leads to soil fertility. However, future climate and land use change endanger soil carbon stocks. An incomplete understanding of the mechanisms behind SOC degradation hinders our ability to model carbon cycling, particularly considering temporally and spatially heterogeneous soils. One key factor is the role oxygen availability plays in microbial energetics and enzyme activity, information critical to providing mechanistic predictions of SOC decay. My research explores how oxygen limitations and ensuing redox heterogeneity in soils control both the energetics of respiration, which ultimately controls greenhouse gas production of soils, and microbial access to organic substrates via oxidative enzyme depolymerization. I use both laboratory soil reactors and a floodplain field site as soil environments with spatially or temporally varying oxygen availability to test for enzymatic and thermodynamic limitations on SOC degradation and accompanying greenhouse gas production. Soil redox environment altered dissolved organic carbon (DOC) composition and chemistry over short times in the reactor setup and over short spatial scales in field soils. Oxygen-limited soils had more reduced organic C corresponding to lower thermodynamic favorability as a microbial substrate in anaerobic metabolisms. The reactors had a stark increase in relative abundance of lignin-like carbon going from aerobic to anaerobic environments, indicative of enzymatic limitations, but field soils indicated plant inputs counteract this often depth-related pattern. Aeration of soils resulted in equivalent respiration when normalized to SOC content, regardless of original microbial community or SOC composition, even in methanogenic soils lacking saprotrophic communities. This finding prompted exploration of the potential for abiotic, metal-catalyzed processes to depolymerize SOC in redox-heterogeneous floodplain soils. Ferrous iron better corresponded to phenol oxidation potential than any microbial or carbon-related predictors, highlighting the potential for rapid oxidative SOC depolymerization upon aeration of permanently or temporarily saturated soils containing reduced transition metals. Altogether, this work highlights the rapidity with which novel redox status of soils alters SOC composition, favorability as a microbial substrate, and potential for unexpected greenhouse gas release. Terrestrial carbon models are unlikely to accurately predict future stocks and fluxes of SOC if they do not account for the influence of heterogeneity of oxygen availability and ensuing effects on carbon lability.

Soil Carbon Storage

Soil Carbon Storage Book
Author : Brajesh Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-12
ISBN : 0128127678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Carbon Storage: Modulators, Mechanisms and Modeling takes a novel approach to the issue of soil carbon storage by considering soil C sequestration as a function of the interaction between biotic (e.g. microbes and plants) and abiotic (climate, soil types, management practices) modulators as a key driver of soil C. These modulators are central to C balance through their processing of C from both plant inputs and native soil organic matter. This book considers this concept in the light of state-of-the-art methodologies that elucidate these interactions and increase our understanding of a vitally important, but poorly characterized component of the global C cycle. The book provides soil scientists with a comprehensive, mechanistic, quantitative and predictive understanding of soil carbon storage. It presents a new framework that can be included in predictive models and management practices for better prediction and enhanced C storage in soils. Identifies management practices to enhance storage of soil C under different agro-ecosystems, soil types and climatic conditions Provides novel conceptual frameworks of biotic (especially microbial) and abiotic data to improve prediction of simulation model at plot to global scale Advances the conceptual framework needed to support robust predictive models and sustainable land management practices

When are Carbon Data Sets good Enough for Use in Climate Models

When are Carbon Data Sets  good Enough  for Use in Climate Models  Book
Author : Nina M. Trautmann
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download When are Carbon Data Sets good Enough for Use in Climate Models book written by Nina M. Trautmann, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

World Resource Review

World Resource Review Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download World Resource Review book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil and Environment

Soil and Environment Book
Author : James George Cruickshank
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Soil and Environment book written by James George Cruickshank, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Boreal Environment Research

Boreal Environment Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Boreal Environment Research book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil Management

Soil Management Book
Author : Michael A Fullen,John A Catt
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-04-04
ISBN : 1444144723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The soil is a fundamental constituent of the Earth's system, maintaining a careful state of equilibrium within the biosphere. However, this natural balance is being increasingly disturbed by a variety of anthropogenic and natural processes, leading to the degradation of many soil environments. Soil Management provides a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to the many problems, challenges and potential solutions facing soil management in the twenty-first century. Covering a range of topics, including erosion, desertification, salinization, soil structure, carbon sequestration, acidification and chemical pollution, the book also develops a prognosis for the future of soil management in the face of growing populations and global warming. Written with the needs of students in mind, each chapter provides a broad overview of a problem, analyses approaches to its solution and concludes with references and suggestions for further reading. Soil Management will be of great value to environmental science and geography undergraduates taking soil management courses in their second or third year.

Soil Management and Climate Change

Soil Management and Climate Change Book
Author : Maria Angeles Munoz,Raul Zornoza
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-01
ISBN : 9780128121283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Management and Climate Change: Effects on Organic Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions provides a state of the art overview of recent findings and future research challenges regarding physical, chemical and biological processes controlling soil carbon and nitrogen dynamic and greenhouse gas emissions from soils. Given the central role soil plays on the global carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycles and its impact on greenhouse gas emissions, there is an urgent need to increase our common understanding about sources, mechanisms and processes that regulate organic matter mineralization and stabilization, and to identify those management practices and processes which mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, helping increase organic matter stabilization with suitable supplies of available N. Soil Management and Climate Change: Effects on Organic Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions will increase the understanding of soil organic matter preservation in soil and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions for students and academics in soil science and environmental science, land managers, public administrators and legislators. Provides the latest findings about soil organic matter stabilization and greenhouse gas emissions Covers the effect of practices and management on soil organic matter stabilization Includes information for readers to select the most suitable management practices to increase soil organic matter stabilization

Forest and Rangeland Soils of the United States Under Changing Conditions

Forest and Rangeland Soils of the United States Under Changing Conditions Book
Author : Richard V. Pouyat
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-16
ISBN : 3030452166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Forest and Rangeland Soils of the United States Under Changing Conditions book written by Richard V. Pouyat, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Australian Journal of Soil Research

Australian Journal of Soil Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Australian Journal of Soil Research book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Encyclopedia of Soil Science

Encyclopedia of Soil Science Book
Author : Rattan Lal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-01-11
ISBN : 1000031411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New and Improved Global Edition: Three-Volume Set A ready reference addressing a multitude of soil and soil management concerns, the highly anticipated and widely expanded third edition of Encyclopedia of Soil Science now spans three volumes and covers ground on a global scale. A definitive guide designed for both coursework and self-study, this latest version describes every branch of soil science and delves into trans-disciplinary issues that focus on inter-connectivity or the nexus approach. For Soil Scientists, Crop Scientists, Plant Scientists and More A host of contributors from around the world weigh in on underlying themes relevant to natural and agricultural ecosystems. Factoring in a rapidly changing climate and a vastly growing population, they sound off on topics that include soil degradation, climate change, soil carbon sequestration, food and nutritional security, hidden hunger, water quality, non-point source pollution, micronutrients, and elemental transformations. New in the Third Edition: Contains over 600 entries Offers global geographical and thematic coverage Entries peer reviewed by subject experts Addresses current issues of global significance Encyclopedia of Soil Science, Third Edition: Three Volume Set expertly explains the science of soil and describes the material in terms that are easily accessible to researchers, students, academicians, policy makers, and laymen alike. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]

Carbon Sequestration in Soils

Carbon Sequestration in Soils Book
Author : Norman J. Rosenberg,R. Cesar Izaurralde,Elizabeth L. Malone
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon dioxide accumulation in the atmosphere as the result of fossil fuel emissions and land use change (especially tropical deforestation) threatens to cause global warming and climatic change. One means of reducing the increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide is through its capture by photosynthesis and storage (sequestration) in soil. The quantities of carbon that can be sequestered during the next century are enough to offset two or three decades' worth of carbon emissions at the current rate. The book deals with four issues that must be addressed before soil carbon sequestration programs can be implemented on a large scale: new science, monitoring and verification, the soil carbon sequestration/desertification linkage, and policy and implementation issues. Contents include - Science Needs and New Technology for Soil Carbon Sequestration - Monitoring and Verifying Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration - Desertification Control to Sequester C and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect - Soil Carbon: Policy and Economics - Science Needs and New Technologies - Monitoring and Verifying - Desertification

Forest School News

Forest School News Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Forest School News book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.