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The Fundamentals And Applications Of Light Emitting Diodes

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The Fundamentals and Applications of Light Emitting Diodes

The Fundamentals and Applications of Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Govind B. Nair,Sanjay J. Dhoble
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-07-09
ISBN : 0128231610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Fundamentals and Applications of Light-Emitting Diodes: The Revolution in the Lighting Industry examines the evolution of LEDs, including a review of the luminescence process and background on solid state lighting. The book emphasizes phosphor-converted LEDs that are based on inorganic phosphors but explores different types of LEDs based on inorganic, organic, quantum dots, perovskite-structured materials, and biomaterials. A detailed description is included about the diverse applications of LEDs in fields such as lighting, displays, horticulture, biomedicine, and digital communication, as well as challenges that must be solved before using LEDs in commercial applications. Traditional light sources are fast being replaced by light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The fourth generation of lighting is completely dominated by LED luminaires. Apart from lighting, LEDs have extended their hold on other fields, such as digital communications, horticulture, medicine, space research, art and culture, display devices, and entertainment. The technological promises offered by LEDs have elevated them as front-runners in the lighting industry. Presents a concise overview of different types of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on inorganic phosphors, organic materials, quantum dots, perovskite-structured materials, and biomaterials Includes a discussion of current and emerging applications in lighting, communications, horticulture, and medical fields Addresses fundamentals, luminescence mechanisms, and key optical materials, including synthesis methods

Introduction to Light Emitting Diode Technology and Applications

Introduction to Light Emitting Diode Technology and Applications Book
Author : Gilbert Held
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 9781420076639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent improvements in LED technology have made them as ubiquitous as cell phones. In fact, LEDs light up almost all cell phones screens. The technology’s myriad applications and low energy use have made it nearly impossible to get through daily chores without coming in contact with LEDs. Probable advances include increased ability of the technology to support more efficient lighting and enhanced communications. With balanced coverage of the basics and future developments, Introduction to Light Emitting Diode Technology and Applications takes you on a tour of the LED evolution. The book begins with a brief history of the effort to enable the device that generates light through modern organic LEDs and reviews the fundamentals and principles of light prior to a detailed explanation of how LEDs generate different colors. After forming this basic foundation, the book examines the key LEDs in lighting and communications. It then discusses the latest opportunities and advancements in high brightness (HB) LED technology, solid state lighting, and handheld electronic applications. As we approach a new decade the role of LEDs is literally set to explode, with organic light emitting diodes emerging as a leading next generation technology for electronic displays and lighting. Challenges still exist, including light extraction, luminosity, and white light generation, not to mention non-technical obstacles such as IP disputes and the lack of standards. This book provides a foundation for resolving these issues and developing new applications for LEDs in the promising general illumination market.

Micro Light Emitting Diode

Micro Light Emitting Diode Book
Author : Jong-Hyun Ahn,Jae Hyun Kim
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9811655057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on basic fundamental and applied aspects of micro-LED, ranging from chip fabrication to transfer technology, panel integration, and various applications in fields ranging from optics to electronics to and biomedicine. The focus includes the most recent developments, including the uses in large large-area display, VR/AR display, and biomedical applications. The book is intended as a reference for advanced students and researchers with backgrounds in optoelectronics and display technology. Micro-LEDs are thin, light-emitting diodes, which have attracted considerable research interest in the last few years. They exhibit a set of exceptional properties and unique optical, electrical, and mechanical behaviors of fundamental interest, with the capability to support a range of important exciting applications that cannot be easily addressed with other technologies. The content is divided into two parts to make the book approachable to readers of various backgrounds and interests. The first provides a detailed description with fundamental materials and production approaches and assembly/manufacturing strategies designed to target readers who seek an understanding ofof essential materials and production approaches and assembly/manufacturing strategies designed to target readers who want to understand the foundational aspects. The second provides detailed, comprehensive coverage of the wide range of device applications that have been achieved. This second part targets readers who seek a detailed account of the various applications that are enabled by micro-LEDs. .

Light Emitting Diodes for Agriculture

Light Emitting Diodes for Agriculture Book
Author : S Dutta Gupta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-25
ISBN : 9811058075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive treatise on the advances in the use of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for sustainable crop production and describes the latest photomorphogenesis research findings. It introduces readers to the fundamentals and design features of LEDs applicable for plant growth and development and illustrates their advantages over the traditional lighting systems, including cost analyses. Further, it discusses a wide range of applications covering diverse areas of plant sciences relevant to controlled environment agriculture and in vitro plant morphogenesis. The chapters have been written by a team of pioneering international experts, who have made significant contributions to this emerging interdisciplinary field. The book will serve a valuable resource for graduate students, instructors, and researchers in the fields of horticulture, agricultural biotechnology, cell and developmental biology, and precision agriculture. It will also serve well professionals engaged in greenhouse and vertical farming.

Electronics fundamentals And Applications

Electronics  fundamentals And Applications  Book
Author : D. Chattopadhyay
Publisher : New Age International
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9788122417807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Book Is Meant For The Students Pursuing A Beginners' Course In Electronics. Current Syllabi Of Basic Electronics Included In Physics (Honours) Curriculum Of Different Universities And Those Offered In Various Engineering And Technical Institutions Have Been Consulted In Preparing The Material Contained Herein.In 22 Chapters, The Book Deals With Formation Of Energy Bands In Solids; Electron Emission From Solid Surfaces; Vacuum Tubes; Properties Of Semiconductors; Pn Junction Diodes; Rectifiers; Voltage Multipliers; Clipping And Clamping Circuits; Bipolar Junction Transistors; Basic Voltage And Poweramplifiers; Feedback In Amplifiers; Regulated Power Supply; Sinusoidal Oscillators; Multivibrators; Modulation And Demodulation; Jfet And Mosfet; Ics; Op Amps; Special Semiconductor Devices, Such As Phototransistor, Scr, Triac, Diac, Ujt, Impatt Diode, Gunn Diode, Pin Diode, Igbt; Digital Circuits; Cathode Ray Oscilloscope; Radio Communication; Television; Radar And Laser.Fundamental Principles And Applications Are Discussed Herein With Explanatory Diagrams In A Clear Concise Way.Physical Aspects Are Emphasized; Mathematical Details Are Given, When Necessary. Many Of The Problems And Review Questions Included In The Book Are Taken From Recent Examination Papers. Some Objective-Type Questions Typically Set In Different Competitive Examinations Are Also Given At The End Of Each Chapter.Salient Features: * Small Geometry Effects And Effects Of Interconnects Included In Chapter 18. * A Quick Discussion On Fibre Optic Communication System In Chapter 22. * Revised And Updated To Cope With The Current Syllabii Of Some More Universities And Technical Institutions. * Chapters 6, 8, 16, 18, And 22 Have Been Changed With The Addition Of New Material. * Some More University Questions And Problems Have Been Included.

Fundamentals of Solid State Lighting

Fundamentals of Solid State Lighting Book
Author : Vinod Kumar Khanna
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-06-03
ISBN : 1466561092
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Compared to traditional electrical filaments, arc lamps, and fluorescent lamps, solid-state lighting offers higher efficiency, reliability, and environmentally friendly technology. LED / solid-state lighting is poised to take over conventional lighting due to cost savings—there is pretty much no debate about this. In response to the recent activity in this field, Fundamentals of Solid-State Lighting: LEDs, OLEDs, and Their Applications in Illumination and Displays covers a range of solid-state devices, technologies, and materials used for lighting and displays. It also examines auxiliary but critical requirements of efficient applications, such as modeling, thermal management, reliability, and smart lighting. The book discusses performance metrics of LEDs such as efficiency, efficacy, current–voltage characteristics, optical parameters like spectral distribution, color temperature, and beam angle before moving on to luminescence theory, injection luminescence, radiative and non-radiative recombination mechanisms, recombination rates, carrier lifetimes, and related topics. This lays down the groundwork for understanding LED operation. The book then discusses energy gaps, light emission, semiconductor material, special equipment, and laboratory facilities. It also covers production and applications of high-brightness LEDs (HBLEDs) and organic LEDs (OLEDs). LEDs represent the landmark development in lighting since the invention of electric lighting, allowing us to create unique, low-energy lighting solutions, not to talk about their minor maintenance expenses. The rapid strides of LED lighting technology over the last few years have changed the dynamics of the global lighting market, and LEDs are expected to be the mainstream light source in the near future. In a nutshell, the book traces the advances in LEDs, OLEDs, and their applications, and presents an up-to-date and analytical perspective of the scenario for audiences of different backgrounds and interests.

Principles and Applications of Organic Light Emitting Diodes OLEDs

Principles and Applications of Organic Light Emitting Diodes  OLEDs  Book
Author : N. Thejo Kalyani,Hendrik Swart,S. J. Dhoble
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-15
ISBN : 0081012497
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles and Applications of Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs)explores the ways in which the development of organic semiconductor materials is opening up new applications in electronic and optoelectronic luminescent devices. The book begins by covering the principles of luminescence and the luminescent properties of organic semiconductors. It then covers the development of luminescent materials for OLEDs, discussing the advantages and disadvantages of organic versus inorganic luminescent materials. The fabrication and characterization of OLEDs is also covered in detail, including information on, and comparisons of, vacuum deposition and solution techniques. Finally, applications of OLEDs are explored, including OLEDs in solid-state lighting, colored lighting, displays and potential future applications, such as ultra-thin and flexible technologies. This book is an excellent resource both for experts and newcomers to the field of organic optoelectronics and OLEDs. It is ideal for scientists working on optical devices, lighting, display and imaging technologies, and for all those engaged in research in photonics, luminescence and optical materials. Provides a one-stop guide to OLED technology for the benefit of newcomers to the field of organic optoelectronics Comprehensively covers the luminescent properties of organic semiconductors and their development into OLED materials Offers practical information on OLED fabrication and their applications in solid-state lighting and displays, making this essential reading for optoelectronics engineers and materials scientists

New Generation Light Emitting Diodes

New Generation Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Amit Yadav
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Generation Light Emitting Diodes book written by Amit Yadav, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

OLED Fundamentals

OLED Fundamentals Book
Author : Daniel J. Gaspar,Evgueni Polikarpov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-05-15
ISBN : 1466515198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Comprehensive Source for Taking on the Next Stage of OLED R&D OLED Fundamentals: Materials, Devices, and Processing of Organic Light-Emitting Diodes brings together key topics across the field of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), from fundamental chemistry and physics to practical materials science and engineering aspects to design and manufacturing factors. Experts from top academic institutions, industry, and national laboratories provide thorough, up-to-date coverage on the most useful materials, devices, and design and fabrication methods for high-efficiency lighting. The first part of the book covers all the construction materials of OLED devices, from substrate to encapsulation. For the first time in book form, the second part addresses challenges in devices and processing, including architectures and methods for new OLED lighting and display technologies. The book is suitable for a broad audience, including materials scientists, device physicists, synthetic chemists, and electrical engineers. It can also serve as an introduction for graduate students interested in applied aspects of photophysics and electrochemistry in organic thin films.

Organic Light Emitting Diodes

Organic Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Luiz F. R. Pereira
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-05-29
ISBN : 9814267295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the development of OLEDs based on rare-earth and transition metal complexes, especially focusing on europium, terbium, ruthenium, and rhenium. The idea is to explain how these organic materials can be used to build OLEDs. Taking into account the actual state of the art and the expected pathways, the book proposes further developments in the field. It presents intensive experimental results for a better explanation. This book is meant for scientists and engineers who work in this new OLED framework. It also has didactic utility for graduation students and teachers working on optoelectronics.

Organic Light Emitting Diodes

Organic Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Jan Kalinowski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1420030647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic Light Emitting Diodes: Principles, Characteristics, and Processes presents recent developments in organic electroluminescence and their application to light emitting diodes. In six chapters and complete with an extensive set of references, it describes and illustrates the physical principles of organic LEDs and their electrical and optical characteristics with a wide range of examples and practical studies. The author presents a unified approach to the description and functioning of organic LEDs, based on a comprehensive background of relevant physical processes and provides a clear foundation for the prediction and design of new improved electroluminescent devices.

Organic Light Emitting Devices

Organic Light Emitting Devices Book
Author : Klaus Müllen,Ullrich Scherf
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-05-12
ISBN : 3527607234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This high-class book reflects a decade of intense research, culminating in excellent successes over the last few years. The contributions from both academia as well as the industry leaders combine the fundamentals and latest research results with application know-how and examples of functioning displays. As a result, all the four important aspects of OLEDs are covered: - syntheses of the organic materials - physical theory of electroluminescence and device efficiency - device conception and construction - characterization of both materials and devices. The whole is naturally rounded off with a look at what the future holds in store. The editor, Klaus Muellen, is director of the highly prestigious MPI for polymer research in Mainz, Germany, while the authors include Nobel Laureate Alan Heeger, one of the most notable founders of the field, Richard Friend, as well as Ching Tang, Eastman Kodak's number-one OLED researcher, known throughout the entire community for his key publications.

Energy Materials

Energy Materials Book
Author : Sanjay J. Dhoble,N. Thejo Thejo Kalyani,Dr. B. Vengadaesvaran,Dr. Abdul Kariem Kariem Arof
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-15
ISBN : 0128237112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms. Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation. Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications

III Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications Book
Author : Tae-Yeon Seong,Jung Han,Hiroshi Amano,Hadis Morkoc
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 9400758634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are already used in traffic signals, signage lighting, and automotive applications. However, its ultimate goal is to replace traditional illumination through LED lamps since LED lighting significantly reduces energy consumption and cuts down on carbon-dioxide emission. Despite dramatic advances in LED technologies (e.g., growth, doping and processing technologies), however, there remain critical issues for further improvements yet to be achieved for the realization of solid-state lighting. This book aims to provide the readers with some contemporary LED issues, which have not been comprehensively discussed in the published books and, on which the performance of LEDs is seriously dependent. For example, most importantly, there must be a breakthrough in the growth of high-quality nitride semiconductor epitaxial layers with a low density of dislocations, in particular, in the growth of Al-rich and and In-rich GaN-based semiconductors. The materials quality is directly dependent on the substrates used, such as sapphire, Si, etc. In addition, efficiency droop, growth on different orientations and polarization are also important. Chip processing and packaging technologies are key issues. This book presents a comprehensive review of contemporary LED issues. Given the interest and importance of future research in nitride semiconducting materials and solid state lighting applications, the contents are very timely. The book is composed of chapters written by leading researchers in III-nitride semiconducting materials and device technology. This book will be of interest to scientists and engineers working on LEDs for lighting applications. Postgraduate researchers working on LEDs will also benefit from the issues this book provides.

Light Emitting Diodes

Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Jinmin Li,G. Q. Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-07
ISBN : 3319992112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive in scope, this book covers the latest progresses of theories, technologies and applications of LEDs based on III-V semiconductor materials, such as basic material physics, key device issues (homoepitaxy and heteroepitaxy of the materials on different substrates, quantum efficiency and novel structures, and more), packaging, and system integration. The authors describe the latest developments of LEDs with spectra coverage from ultra-violet (UV) to the entire visible light wavelength. The major aspects of LEDs, such as material growth, chip structure, packaging, and reliability are covered, as well as emerging and novel applications beyond the general and conventional lightings. This book, written by leading authorities in the field, is indispensable reading for researchers and students working with semiconductors, optoelectronics, and optics. Addresses novel LED applications such as LEDs for healthcare and wellbeing, horticulture, and animal breeding; Editor and chapter authors are global leading experts from the scientific and industry communities, and their latest research findings and achievements are included; Foreword by Hiroshi Amano, one of the 2014 winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on light-emitting diodes.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Solar Cells and Light Emitting Diodes

Advanced Nanomaterials for Solar Cells and Light Emitting Diodes Book
Author : Feng Gao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 0128136472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Solar Cells and Light Emitting Diodes discusses the importance of nanomaterials as the active layers in solar cells and light emitting diodes (LEDs), along with the progress of nanomaterials as the electron and hole transporting layers. Specifically, the book reviews the use of nano-morphology of polymers, small molecules, and the organic-inorganic perovskites as the active layers in solar cells and LEDs. The design, fabrication and properties of metal-oxide-based nano-structures as electron and hole transporting layers are also reviewed. In addition, the development of plasmonic nanomaterials for solar cells and LEDs is discussed. Each topic in this book includes an overview of the materials system from principles to process. The advantages, disadvantages and related methodologies are highlighted. The book includes applications based on materials and emphasize how to improve the performance of solar cells and LEDs by the materials design, with a focus on nanomaterials. Provides latest research on nanostructured materials including small molecules, polymers, organic-inorganic perovskites, and many other relevant materials systems for solar cells and LEDs Addresses each promising materials system from principles to process, detailing the advantages and disadvantages of the most relevant methods of processing and fabrication Looks ahead to most likely techniques to improve performance of solar cells and light emitting diodes

LED Packaging for Lighting Applications

LED Packaging for Lighting Applications Book
Author : Sheng Liu,Xiaobing Luo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-07-05
ISBN : 0470827831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides quantitative methods for optical, thermal, reliability modelling and simulation so that predictive quantitative modelling can be achieved"--

Organic Electronics

Organic Electronics Book
Author : Stephen R. Forrest
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0198529724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook provides a basic understanding of the principles of the field of organic electronics through to their applications in organic devices. Useful for the student and practitioner, it is both a teaching text and a resource that is a jumping-off point for learning, working and innovating in this rapidly growing field.

OLED Displays and Lighting

OLED Displays and Lighting Book
Author : Mitsuhiro Koden
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-12-12
ISBN : 1119040485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explains the fundamentals and practical applications of flat and flexible OLEDs for displays and lighting Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have emerged as the leading technology for the new display and lighting market. OLEDs are solid-state devices composed of thin films of organic molecules that create light with the application of electricity. OLEDs can provide brighter, crisper displays on electronic devices and use less power than conventional light-emitting diodes (LEDs) or liquid crystal displays (LCDs) used today. This book covers both the fundamentals and practical applications of flat and flexible OLEDs. Key features: Covers all of the aspects necessary to the design and manufacturing of OLED displays and lighting. Explains the fundamental basic technologies and also related technologies which might contribute to the next innovation in the industry. Provides several indications for future innovation in the OLED industry. Includes coverage of OLED vacuum deposition type and solution type materials. The book is essential reading for early career engineers developing OLED devices and OLED related technologies in industrial companies, such as OLED device fabrication companies.

Micro Light Emitting Diode Fabrication and Devices

Micro Light Emitting Diode  Fabrication and Devices Book
Author : Jong-Hyun Ahn,Jae-Hyun Kim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-01-06
ISBN : 9789811655043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on basic fundamental and applied aspects of micro-LED, ranging from chip fabrication to transfer technology, panel integration, and various applications in fields ranging from optics to electronics to and biomedicine. The focus includes the most recent developments, including the uses in large large-area display, VR/AR display, and biomedical applications. The book is intended as a reference for advanced students and researchers with backgrounds in optoelectronics and display technology. Micro-LEDs are thin, light-emitting diodes, which have attracted considerable research interest in the last few years. They exhibit a set of exceptional properties and unique optical, electrical, and mechanical behaviors of fundamental interest, with the capability to support a range of important exciting applications that cannot be easily addressed with other technologies. The content is divided into two parts to make the book approachable to readers of various backgrounds and interests. The first provides a detailed description with fundamental materials and production approaches and assembly/manufacturing strategies designed to target readers who seek an understanding ofof essential materials and production approaches and assembly/manufacturing strategies designed to target readers who want to understand the foundational aspects. The second provides detailed, comprehensive coverage of the wide range of device applications that have been achieved. This second part targets readers who seek a detailed account of the various applications that are enabled by micro-LEDs.